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CARTULARIUM ECCLESIiE SANCTI NICHOLAI ABERDONENSIS 



Onfy s^S Copies printed. 



No..JIf 



Boss OF S.Nicholas, 

IN S Marys Chapel. 
(CftfP'orS.^isf/OLAS'. Aaenoeenj 



h.r. 



Cartularium 



'^ttle0tae ^antti i^itljolai 



Hberbonensis 



RECOQNOVIT 

JACOBUS COOPE.R, S.T.D. 

IN BCCLB8IA 8UPRADICTA PRB8BYTBR 



TOMUS ALTER 



IMPRESSUM ABERDONIiE 

MDCCCXCII 

* 



ttm^mm^tmtm 



ITHENEWYORK 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 

I-^T'^ft.' .^MOK AND 
^ILOEN FO:JIIOATION8. 

1 R98. 




ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY PRESS. 



S^e iieto 3)jiilt)i;n0 Club. 

Founded nth November^ 1886. 

9str0ne«s : 
HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN. 



0:F:PICE-BE3A.KEiaS P^OE. 1891«9 2. 

THE EARL OF ABERDEEN. 



Vkf-frcf tbmtf : 



Thb Dukb op Richmond and Gordon, 

The Dukb op Fipb, K.T. 

Thb Marquis op Huntly. 

Thb Marquis op Butb, K.T. 

The Earl op Strathmorb. 

The Earl op^Southesk, K.T. 

The Earl op Kintorb. 

Thb Earl op Rosbbbry. 

The Lord Forbes. 



K.G. 



The Lord Saltoun. 

The Lord Provost op Aberdeen. 

Thb Principal op thb University op Aberdeen. 

Sir Georgb Rbid, P.R.S.A. 

James A. Campbell of Straca£hro, LL.D., M.P. 

Francis Edmondt LL,D, Deceased. 

William Ferguson of Kinmundy. 

George Grti6, LL,D, Deceased. 

Alexander Forbes Irvine ^ LLJ). Deceased, 



DcbiittCB fitmhtn ot Comdl : 



William Alexander, LL.D., Aberdeen. 

Colonel James Allardyce, Aberdeerf. 

George Cadenhead, Procurator-Fiscal, Aberdeen. 

The Rev. James Cooper, D.D., Aberdeen. 

William Cramond, LL.D., Cullen. 

Peter M. Cran, City Chamberlain, Aberdeen. 

John Crombie of Balgownie Lodge. 

Alexander Davidson of Dess. 

The Rev. J. Myers Danson, D.D., Aberdeen. 

Charles B. Davidson, Aberdeen. 

The Rev. John Davidson^ DJ). Deceased. 

Thomas Dickson, LL.D., H.M. General Register 

House. 
The Hon. and Right Rev. Bishop Douglas, D.D., 

Aberdeen. 
Peter Duruid of Easter Skene. 
William Dunn of Murtle. 
John Philip Edmond, Haigfa. 
James Ferguson, Edinburgh. 
Alexander M. Gordon of Newton. 
Henry Wolrige-Gordon of Esslemont. 
The Rev. Walter Gregor, LL.D., Pitsligo. 
John A. Henderson, Aberdeen. 
William Henderson, Aberdeen. 



The Rev. William Forbes-Leith, S.J., Selkirk. 

George Arbuthnot- Leslie of Warthill. 

The Rev. Robert Lippe, Aberdeen. 

David Littlejohn, Sheriff-Clerk, Aberdeen. 

James Matthews of Springhill. 

The Rev. John G. Michie, Dinnet. 

James Moir, LL.D., Rector of the Grammar 

School, Aberdeen. 
Arthur D. Morice, Aberdeen. 
Alexander M. Munro, Aberdeen. 
Charles Rampini, LL.D., Sheriff-Substitute, Elgin. 
Alexander Ramsay, Banff. 
Major John Ramsay of Barra. 
Alexander W. Robertson, Librarian, Public Library, 

Aberdeen. 
William Forbes Skene, D.C.L., LL.D. Deceaud. 
The Rev. James Smith, B.D., Aberdeen. 
The Rev. William Temple, Forgue. 
Alexander Walker, Aberdeen. 
George Walker, Aberdeen. 
Robert Walker, Aberdeen. 
John Forbes White, LL.D., Dundee. 
Professor John Dove Wilson, LL.D., Aberdeen. 
The Rev. John Woodward, LL.D., Montrose. 



^tcttitx^i 
Peter John Anderson, 2 East Craibstone Street, Aberdeen. 



Farquh arson Taylor Gardbn, 18 Golden Square, Aberdeen. 

JUiMtorf : 
George Cooper, C.A., Aberdeen ; and William Milne, C.A., Aberdeen, 



PREFACE. 

The earliest mention of the Church of S. Nicholas of 
Aberdeen is in a bull of Pope Adrian IV. — Nicholas 
Brakespere, the only Englishman who ever occupied S. 
Peter's Chair — addressed "to a Reverend Father Edward, 
Bishop of Aberdeen ". ^ The Pope, premising that he is 
** moved by considerations of the duty lying upon him to 
defend from the attacks of evil men those who are invested 
with the pastoral dignity and promoted to the pontifical office," 
proceeds : — 

'' We do therefore of our clemency assent to thy just request, brother 
bishop in Christ; and do take at once thy person and the Church of Aberdeen, 
over which, by Divine permission, thou art known to preside, under the 

^ Edward was Bishop of Aberdeen from 1 1 50 to 1 1 71 . Keith ( View of the Dioceu 
of Aberdeen) calls him Saint Edward, and says he was in high esteem with King 
Malcolm IV. (i 153- 1 165). Unless a name was dropped out of the lists, Bishop 
Edward was the immediate successor of Nectan, who in the tradition of the Church 
of Aberdeen was the fourth bishop who sat at Mortlach, and the first who sat at 
Aberdeen, whither according to the writer of Bishop Gavin Dunbar's Bpistolare {Reg, 
Ep, Aberdon.f ii. 247) the see was translated in 11 25, the first year of King David I. 
(i 124-1 153). David, says Dr. Grub (Eccl. History of Scotland^ i. 266; compare his 
Preface to Antiquities of the Shires of Aberdeen and Banff ^ Spalding Club, 1859, vol. i. 
p. zliv.), was the founder of the See of Aberdeen. Of course there may have been 
many bishops at Aberdeen, presiding over, or ordaining in, the Coiumban settlement 
by the Don — S. Machar himself is described as a bishop ; but it was not till David's 
time that the diocese of Aberdeen was erected, and the Roman " system of diocesan 
and parochial administration superseded the irregular monastic usages of the Celtic 
Church •». 



viii PREFACE. 

protection of S. Peter and ourselves, and by these present letters we fortify 
thy privilege ; ordaining that whatsoever possessions and whatsoever goods 
the said Church presently holds by just and canonical right, or shall in future 
be able to obtain through the grant of pontiffs, the largess of kings or princes, 
the oblation of the faithful, or by any other just means which the Lord 
affords, shall remain firm and immovable to thee and thy successors : 
among which possessions we judge that the foUoiving should be expressly 
mentioned by name : The Church of Abbirdein, the Church of S. Machor, 
the whole town of Old Abbirdone, half the Water of North,^ the tithe of the 
fishing of Crovis (Cruives), Pethferlen, Ardinachin, Ardechellin, Sclaty, 
Goule, Petsprottis, Murrod, Tuligreig, Kynmonde, Malmeulach, the Church 
ALSO OF Saint Nicholas of Abbirdone, the tithe of the Mill of Abbirdone, 
the tithe of the kain of ships which come thither, with one net in the South 
Water, and the whole tithe of the fish which are caught there, the whole 
tithe of the year's crops in the same place, the whole tithe of fishes which 
are caught in Stellis,' the tithe of Baldwyniston both of corn and fish, the 
tithe of Badfothel,' the whole king's tithe of the Burgh op Abbirdon, the 
tithe of those between the two waters^ which are called De (Dee) and Spe 
(Spey), the town of Rane^ ivith its pertinents, Clat with its church and other 
pertinents, Tulinestin ' with its church and other pertinents, the monastery 
of Cloveth,' the town and monastery of Murthillach * with five churches and 
their pertinents, the churches of Rane and Dauyot * with their pertinents, the 
church of Ochtirless * with its pertinents, the church of Innercroudan " with its 
pertinents, the church of Balheluy with its pertinents, the church of Brass ^ 

^ Evidently the Don : contrasted with the Dee, which is called the South Water. 

* The Stells fishings. 

* Pitfoddels. 

* Rayne, in the Garioch. 

* TuUyncssle, in the Presbytery of Alford. 

* Clovcth is Cabrach, far up in the mountains between the Don and the 
Deveron. (See Antiquities of the Shires of Aberdeen and Banff ^ iv. 148, Note.) 

' Mortlach, where ** a bishopric or episcopal monastery had been founded by 
Malcolm Canmore " (1057-1093). (Grub, EccL History of Scotland, i. 266.) The 
present church of Mortlach is, with the exceptions perhaps of Bimie and Monymusk, 
the most ancient parish church in use in the North of Scotland. 
' Daviot, in Aberdeenshire. 
' Auchterless. 
" Cruden. 
" Birse, on Dccside. 



PREFACE. IX 

with its pertinents, the church of Dalmayok ^ with its pertinents, the church 
of Banquhory Dewynik with its pertinents, the land of Ellon which Master 
Philip held, the town of Fethimeir and church with its pertinents, that town 
which belonged to Bastian the presbyter with its pertinents, the town which 
belonged to Achelid' beside Abbirdon. Have thou, moreover, by authority of 
the Apostolic See, the power freely to institute monks or canons in thy 
Cathedral Church, according to thine own disposing," etc. 

This bull, which is " undeniably authentic," is dated at 
Rome in the year 1157.* Mr. Cosmo Innes, the editor of the 
Register of the Bishoprick of Aberdeen, conjectures that the 
power granted to the bishop to institute "monks or canons" 
points to a contemplated replacement of ** the old Culdees, now 
out of favour " : ' in fact, to the conforming of the ancient 
Columban foundation of S. Machar* to the system introduced 
by S. Margaret, and so energetically promoted by her sons. It 
is not less worth observing that in this bull, in the year 1157, 
the site of " the Church of Aberdeen " (i.e., the Cathedral of the 
See), the Church of S. Machar — was already denominated 0/d 
Aberdeen. It had a fair claim to the honour of antiquity, for it 
could look back, at that time, on four hundred and fifty years 
of Christian testimony. But it is plainly not simply to its age 
that, in this connexion, it owes the designation. It is Old 
Aberdeen in contrast to another, and (surely.^) a newer 



* Drumoak. Keith, in his View of the Diouu of Aberdeen (1732), calls it 
Dulmoak : the Old Statistical Account (1792) says : *' In this part of the country it is 
almost always called Dalmaik '*. {Collections on the Shires of Aberdun and Banff , 
Spalding Club, 1843, p. 274.) 

' It is printed in full (in Latin) in the Registrum Episcopatus Aberdonensis, vol. 
i. pp. 5, 6. See the Editor's remarks on it, ibid.^ Preface, p. xix. and Note. 

' Boece and the writer of Bishop Gavin Dunbar's Bpistolare say that Bishop 
Edward did institute in his cathedral a chapter of secular canons. 

^ S. Machar was a disciple of S. Columba, and was sent by him to evangelise 
the north-eastern parts of the Pictish kingdom. The church at the mouth of the 
Don was founded before S. Columba's death, which took place in 597. 



X PREFACE. 

Aberdeen, which had sprung up beside it — a place apparently 
of industry and trade, furnished with a mill, carrying on 
extensive fishings on the Dee, a seaport, moreover, to which 
ships resort ; while its Teutonic character is attested by the 
designation which, alone of all the places mentioned irt the 
bull, it wears, *' The Burgh^ of Abbirdon ". 

There are two facts in particular which suggest that, when 
the bull was written, in 1157, this " Burgh of Aberdeen " was 
.of comparatively recent origin. There is, first, the fact that it 
is **not till 1 1 53" (four years prior to the bull) "that we find 
undoubted evidence of the existence of Aberdeen ". In that 
year we learn from the Sagas that Eysteinn, a Norwegian 
kinglet, " spread his sails to the south, and steering along the 
eastern shore of Scotland, brought his ships to the town of 
Apardion, where he killed many people, and wasted the city ".* 
There is, second, the known origin of the Burgh of S. 
Andrews. S. Andrews, like Old Aberdeen, had been the 
seat for long of a Celtic religious house — a famous Culdee 
monastery. In the second quarter of the Twelfth Century, 
Robert, Bishop of S. Andrews (an English canon regular of 
the order of S. Augustine, who held the Metropolitan See 
from 1 1 25 to 1 158),' was occupied in the double task of 
reforming the negligence of the Celtic monks, and "sowing 
the seed of mundane civilisation". With Aese views he 
built for his Cathedral "the small basilica"; he founded 
the Augustinian Priory of S. Andrews ; and " he persuaded 
Mainard, the Fleming, to leave the safe walls of Berwick 



^ Old Aberdeen, the seat of the ancient Celtic religious house, is called, as 
Mortlach also is, a town (villa): Aberdeen is a burgh (burgum), 

* Joseph Robertson, Book of Bon- Accord ^ pp. 24, 25. 

• ** Bishop Robert zealously co-operated with his sovereign (David I.) in every 
effort for the temporal improvement and spiritual welfare of the Scots." (Grub, i. 262.) 



PREFACE. XI 

and undertake the establishment of a * burgh * in S. Andrews ".* 
It were not, with facts like these before us, a very improbable 
conjecture that Bishop Edward of Aberdeen (we know 
nothing of his origin, but it is significant that his name is 
English) may have set himself to copy, in both its parts, the 
example set him by Bishop Robert of S. Andrews. As we 
have seen, he certainly asked and obtained from Rome the 
power to replace the (Culdee) monks by canons ; he is stated 
to have effected the change : may he not have been the real 
founder of the " Burgh," whose Church of S. Nicholas was 
assigned to him and his successors ? ^ 

It is perhaps /(?j^{i^/^, however, that the Burgh of Aberdeen 
may be nearly one hundred years older than Bishop Edward s 
time. For the Church of S. Nicholas of Aberdeen, though it 
may be as old, is certainly not older than the burgh, and the 
traditional date for the founding of S. Nicholas is ''about 



^ Robertson, Scottish Abbeys and Cathedrals, pp. 34, 35. Robertson thinks that 
this '* small basilica'' was the Church of S. Regulus, which, with its tall square tower, 
is by no means the least striking of the ruins at S. Andrews. It is difficult, however, 
to believe that S. Regulus* is not older, and the work of Celtic bishops. Bishop 
Robertas basilica is more likely to have been the church on the spot called Kirkheugh, 
on the summit of the sea-cli£f, just outside Prior Hepburn's precinct-walL The 
foundations only of this church remain ; but they are enough to show that its style 
was late Norman or Transitional, which suits the date of Bishop Robert : in size, 
moreover, though small in comparison to the splendid cathedral which was so soon 
to supersede it, it must have greatly surpassed the paltrier edifice (despite its loftier 
tower) which was left for a time in the hands of the Culdees. 

' As Scottish burghs go, 1150 were a very respectable antiquity. '* The most 
ancient of our burghs cannot date their privilege higher than the age of David I., 
the father of his people no less than of their Church. . . . With the most ancient, 
as well as the most important, ranks the Burgh of Aberdeen. Long before Edinburgh 
had acquired the precedency of a capital, or even the first place among the Four 
Burghs of Southern Scotland — ^while Glasgow was yet an insignificant dependent on 
its bishop-^Aberdeen had taken its place as a great and independent Royal Burgh, 
and a port of extensive foreign trade." (Cosmo Innes, Preface to Gordon's Description 
0/ Both Touns of Aberdun^ x« p. viii.) 



XU PREFACE. 

1060 ".^ We have no written record, it is true, confirming the 
tradition ; but a record in stone and lime may be quite as trust- 
worthy and quite as unmistakable as any written document 
The question is, Have we such. a record in the oldest portions 
of S. Nicholas ? Parts of it are certainly of a very^ early 
Norman type. The transepts of the original edifice remain, 
with alterations indeed,* but retaining internally some original 
features. They show a series of plain, round-headed, deep- 
splayed windows (now blocked up) and two low archways 
leading formerly into the nave aisles, which in their extreme 
severity are decidedly suggestive of a date considerably earlier 
than the first year of Bishop Edward, 11 50; while Eysteinns 
raid of 1 153 affords (on the not very violent hypothesis that the 
Church of "Apardion" suffered with the town) a tempting 
explanation of certain Transitional features which are found in 
close juxtaposition to the Norman work — the four arches under 
the central tower,' a small window in the east side wall of 
the north transept, and two slender engaged shafts, with 
characteristic capitals, which have fortunately been retained in 
the sides of the Sixteenth Century window in the gable of that 
transept. These are unquestionably Transitional; and Eysteinn's 
raid took place just at the time when the transition was beginning 
to show itself in Scotland.* 



1 James Gordon, Description of Both Touns of Aberdeen (Spalding Club edition, 
1842), p. 14. 

• The south transept was lengthened by sixteen feet in 1355 (Chartulary^ No. 
IX., vol. ii. p. 14). A large Gothic window was inserted into the north transept 
gable in I5|| (see Appendix IL, vol. ii. p. 356), and in 1837 the whole exterior of 
the south transept was faced with dressed granite. 

• These tower arches were carefully rebuilt, largely with the old stones, after 
the fire of 1874. They are shown in Sir George Reid's beautiful frontispiece to the 
first volume of this work. 

^"It appears in the choir of S. Andrews Cathedral, 1162, and in the older 
portions of the Abbey Church of Holyrood (1174). Only 'a few faint traces of it 



PREFACE. xm 

Still, for so large a church, so far north, it must be confessed 
that the date 1060, or even a date forty years later, is extremely 
early. It would make S. Nicholas earlier than, or contem- 
poraneous with, the nave of Dunfermline,^ which was built by 
S. Margaret (1067- 1098), though it was not consecrated till 
1 1 50, and with Durham Cathedral, whose foundations were laid 
in 1097 *^^ presence of her husband, Malcolm Canmore.' 
Moreover, the other Norman churches existing in the North of 
Scotland are all considerably later than 1060. The Priory of 
Monymusk, which has a very ancient-looking tower, and a 
Norman chancel arch, is ascribed to between 1199 and 1207.' 
Bimie Church, in Moray, has been ascribed to between 1067 
and 1093, b^^ ^1 ^^^^ ^^ certainly know is that it cannot be 
later than 1184/ Kelso Abbey, which is Norman, was 
begun in 11 28 and completed in 1152.* The Cathedral of S. 
Magnus at Kirkwall was founded in 1137.^ Add to which that 
if we throw the Church of S. Nicholas back to the Eleventh 
Century, we must throw the Burgh of Aberdeen back also. 
Now, though Mr. Cosmo Innes admits that the English 
immigration to which we owe our burghs, and so much else, 
had ^' b^^n before '' the epoch-making marriage of Malcolm 
Canmore with the Saxon Princess Margaret,^ yet it would 

linger' in the Abbey Church of Arbroath, founded in 1x78.*' (Robertson, ScoUUh 
Abbeys and Cathidrak^ p. 42.) 

^ '* In the north perhaps only one (Norman) edifice — ^the church built by S. 
Margaret at Dunfermline^-aroee before zioo.*' (Ibid,^ p. 41.) It was the first large 
church in Scotland. 

^Ihid. 

* Robertson, quoted by Grub, Preface to AntiquiHes of the Shires of Banff and 
Moray f p. xlv. The date seems to me certainly too late. 

^ See The Church of Bimky Elgin, 1891, pp. 28, 29. 

' Scottish Abb^s and Cathedrals, p. 35. 

* Ibid., p. 39. 

' SkeUhis of Early Scottish History, p. 9. 

C 



xiv PRBFACB. 

require some proof more unmistakable than a few windows 
(which might be as late as 1150. though they certainly look 
older) to outweigh all the ailments upon the other side* 

Even from the character and scale of the transepts to 
which these windows belong, an argument may be drawn in 
favour of the later rather than the earlier date. The two 
transepts together, as they were built — before the south tran- 
sept was lengthened, in 1355 — were seventy-four feet in length 
from north to south. Let us reflect what this implies as to the 
original proportions of the church of which they formed part. 
It must have had a nave to the west of them, and a chancel to 
the east of them. The nave, to be in proportion to the tran- 
septs, must have been of considerable size. There was a nave, 
we know, one hundred and seventeen feet in length— seventeen 
feet longer than the present West Church, and with its two 
aisles, sixty-six feet wide. That nave (it fell from neglect and 
old age in 1742)^ has been described to us by those who saw 
it' There is reason to think it was of the Romanesque or 

^ Kennedy, ii. 41. 

' I append two such descriptionB : the first, which dates from i66t, by James 
Gordon, Parson of Rothiemay ; the second, written in 1732, by Alexander Keith, an 
Episcopal clergyman : — 

I. ** The Church, called of old, S. Nicholas* Church, is mostly builded of ashler, 
covered with lead ; the steeple likewayes obelisk wayes, rysing up very high, covered 
over also with lead, doeth abundantlie supplie the low situation of the church itselff. 
Ther is no church so neat and beautifuU to be seen in Scotland ; and albeit it be 
past 500 yeirs since it begane to be builded, yit all thinges about it look so fyne and 
sound, that it seems to be hot newlte builded. Off old it was divydit into thrie 
distinct churches, the greatest called the Old Kirk, the secund, the New Kirk, the 
third, a vaulted church, called for that cause both then and now, the Ladye of 
Pittye her Vault. It supporteth the east end of the New Church, the floor thereoff, 
levelled out of the sloping churchyard, makes the doore threshold no lower than the 
churchyard itselfe, neither doth the arched roofe thereoff raise that pairt of the New 
Church hot 3 steps or greeses higher than the rest of the floor, and these so artifi- 
cially contrived, that they tend to the great bewtifieing of the church above. Bothe 
churches above are supported with two rowes of stone pillars, having large rooms 



PREFACE. XV 

Norman style of architecture. It was probably not all built at 
once: the usual way, indeed, was to begin the nave from its 
east end at the crossing, and to prolong it westward ; this, as 

behind the pillars. Ther roofis are seiled with wainscot. The Old Church began to 
be builded by the citizens about the year 1060, the fabrick augmented by litle and 
litle, and enriched with gifts dedicated therunto. There hangs in its steeple thrie 
great bells : thes at everie half hour, by helpe of the clocke repeat thrie perfect 
distinct musicall notes, /a, sol^ la. Two of thes bells, as also the great clock, wer 
gifted to that church by Williame Leith of Bams, provost of Aberdeen, about the 
year 1313" (the Chariulary says, 1351, ii. p. 13). "The cheefest citizens have their 
proper buriall places in those churches, as some noble and gentle men have thers 
also, as the Lords of Forbes, first of that name, the Knights of Drum, Irwings, and 
the familie of Pitfoddells, Menzies's. Likewayes, that leamit man. Doctor Duncan 
Liddell lyes buried in the Old Church ; his tombstone, covered with brass, with ane 
inscriptione suteable to his worth engraved therupon. The New Church was not 
begun to be builded till the yeer 1478, and not finished befor the yeer 1493, upon the 
cities charges, as the Old Kirk at first was. In the yeer 1560, it went neer to have 
been overthrowne, hade not the citizens taken arms and guarded it, and withstood 
the attempt of the congregatione lords. In our tyme, the vaulted or Low church 
seems for no other use hot for laying up lead and uther materialls necessarie for 
keeping up the fabrick of the church. At that tyme that the Pope his power was 
banished out of Aberdein, the utensils of both churches were valued and told by 
publict proclamatione, and raited at 14a pundis Scotis money ; and Patrick Menzies, 
then the citie treasurer, made countable for them, or that rate and pryce for them, 
albeit some of the townsmen did protest publictlie that such money should not be 
brought into the commone good, and took instrument therupon. Yet afterward, the 
next yeer, Maij 8, they fell upon a new resolution, for to imploy that money upon 
publict works, and for armes and ammunition. In the tyme of poperie ther wer no 
less than thretty alters and alterages, to everie of which belonged sett revenues, all to 
be seen in thes thrie churches, each of them dedicated to a severall sanct (as thes of 
the Roman Church use). Bot I suppose it wold be tedious to all, and offensive to 
many, to sett doune ther severall names, since the least mark or footstep of any of 
thes alters is not extant at this tyme. Both churches, which now are parted by a 
wall, are adorned with galleries, pews, and desks of wainscot, both bewtifuU and 
commodious, and severals of thame guilded. The fabrick is encompassed with 
a large church court, planted about with great ash trees." (A Description of Both 
Touns of AberduH, Spalding Club edition, 1842, pp. 14, 15.) 

Gordon supplies a pictorial map of Aberdeen, accompanied by a view of the 
city on a somewhat larger scale, thus giving two representations of S. Nicholas. 
Both nave and choir have clerestory and side aisles, the choir aisles alone, however, 
showing buttresses between the windows. It is not easy to judge from the drawing, 
nor in such matters are any drawings of the period to be relied upon, but the impression 



xvi PREFACB. 

the extant ruins show, was what was done in the erection of 
the Cathedral of S. Andrews. No doubt the nave of S. Nicholas 
was subjected in the course of its history to many other 

it conveys is that the nave waa Norman and the choir Pointed or Gothic* The nave 
aisle is shorter than the nave, by (apparently) one bay, and terminates in a gabled 
porch ('* the marriage door **). There is another door shown on the west side of the 
south transept There was a door in the west front (see Appendix II., p. 365), 
but it is not in the plan. The south transept gable had no door: both gables 
have large traceried Gothic windows (one of them, we know, dates from 1541 : 
the other also is probably a late insertion) and have tracery of some sort 
The west gable is flanked by two pinnacled buttresses and is surmounted by a 
cross. The steeple, whose height is greatly exaggerated in the drawing, shows dis- 
tinctly a window of two lights, proving, if proof were needed, that the round-headed 
(** Roman classical '*) window, which was there in the present century, was later 
than i66a The steeple has vane and weathercock It is unquestionably the steeple 
which perished with its walls in the lamentable fire of 1874. 

II. ** Saint Nicholas* Church in Aberdeen hath eighteen hundred merks yearly 
rent, and the seise boll, which is a boll of all grain, coal, and salt imported to this 
shoar by strangers, and half a boll from townsmen. It is reckoned the finest parish 
church in Scotland ; and having its nave divided from its choir by a stone wall, since 
the Reformation (which before was of wood), it is now considered as consisting of 
two churches ; the nave or body of the church, being called the Old Church (for its 
date is not to be found), and the choir or chancel (which is much later), being called 
the New Church. 

*' The nave, then, of this church is sixty-six foot wide, one hundred and seven- 
teen feet long ; and has sixteen pillars, eight on each side. It is well paved with 
stones, many of which being laid over graves, have inscriptions ; and it is furnished 
with stalls of oak. 

** It had also thirty-one altars, namely. . . . This church has at present six 
galleries, or, as we call them here in Scotland, lofts : namely, those of the magis- 
trates, taken out of the College Church here A.D. MDCC; the College (loft ?), 
where is the King's seat, and of old was the Rood Loft; dyers; hammermen; 
taylors ; weavers. It has thirty-three windows ; and three doors, namely, the west, 
or King's door (this is not shown on the Gordon's maps) ; the south, or marriage 
door, and the north, or back door. 

** Within it are eight hearses (pendant chandeliers), and pented inscriptions 
frpm Scripture on the walls, with an iron chain hanging down ftt>m the ceiling 
(having a globe at the end of it), which serves for a meridian line. 

*'This iabrick (being a cross church) has also two isles— the transepts; 
which isles are twenty foot broad, and (taken together), a hundred foot long. 

** The one is that of the Irvins of Drum. It is leaded, and has the image and 



PREFACE. XVU 

alterations,^ but there is no reason to think it was ever rebuilt 
till the present West Church was erected in the middle of the 
Eighteenth Century. It was the " body " of the original church, 

tomb of Sir Alexander Irvine of Drum, who dyed A.D. MCCCC. Here (as the 
inscription shows) are buried Sir Alexander Irvine of Drum, Auchindore, and 
Forglen; and his wife Elizabeth (daughter to Sir Robert Keith, Marischal of 
Scotland), quho both dyed A.D. MCCCC. 

** The other is west of the Collisons. This has the image and tomb of . . . 
CoUison, provest here. 

" In the two wings (aisles) of the church, which run parallel with the nave, 
are also some other old tombs: as of Alexander Chalmers of Murthill, provest of 
Aberdeen, quho dyed A.D. MCCCCXIIL, as the inscription of this image here 
shews; west of Gilbert Menzies of Pitfoddels, provest of Aberdeen, quho dyed A.D. 
MCCCCXXXIIL, as the inscription of his image, and west of his wife, Marjory 
Liddel, here shews; that of John Fyfe, provest of Aberdeen, who dyed A.D. 
MCCCCXXXVL; besides that of Sir Robert Davidson, provest here, killed at 
Harlaw, A.D. MCCCCXI. ; which is in the middle of the church, and much obscured. 

"The steeple (which is a pyramide of many comers, beset with four little 
pinnacles) stands on four pillars, betwixt the two isles, and has in it a great 
knock (clock) and three bells. The bigest of these bells was gifted A.D. MCCCLI., 
by William Leith, provest of Aberdeen, quho had killed one Catanoch, a bailief 
here (whose cairn is near the bark-miln) : and therfor, for an attonment, gave this 
bell to the church, and the Justice Milns to the town. This great bell, called 
Laurance, has this inscription : — 

* En ego campana sonitu non lavda prophana 
Lavdo Creatorem tonitivo depello timorem 
Defvnctos plango sonitu solennia pango 
LaurenciuB ecce vocor jvbilsmti cvm moveo cor '. 

This steeple (reckoning from the ground) is above one hundred and forty foot 
high. From the ground to the first globe is one hundred and twenty-eight foot; 
and thence to the top of the weathercock, is fourteen foot. 

" The choier is sixty-four foot wide, and eighty-one foot long ; and has twelve 
pillars, six on each side. It is well paved, smd has good stalls and desks of oak. 
The high altar had an ascent of four steps. The place where it stood is oval, twelve 
foot broad, and eighteen foot long, with i. J^. ^. on the top. This choier has, at 
present, eight lofts ; namely, those of the grammar school ; seamen ; above which of 
old stood the organ-loft; hammermen; wrights; taylors; shoemakers; with the two 

1 ** The gawill of the pariss kyrk, callit the waist gawill, was compleitt the yeir 
of God 1541 yeir. Daniel Anderson, maister of wark to the stein wark of the sa3rme 
and Walter CuUen, elder, maister of wark to the glaiss wark of the sayme (Cullen's 
*' Chronicle of Aberdeen,** Spalding Club Miscellany^ ii. p. 33.) 



xviii PREFACE. 

''our spiritual mother/' the Chartulary calls it, ''the Parish 
Church of Aberdeen'*.^ Besides the nave and transepts, 

new ones, that of the advocates, and that built by the matter of Kirk* Work* It has 
sixteen windows, and two doors: within it are three hearses. It has also a 
consistory and vestry. 

"This choir has underneath it a chappel, dedicated to our Lady of Pity 
(AfaWa d€ Miuricardia) ; ' where a bursar of the canon law in The King's College 
was always chaplain. It is now called The Pitty Vault, and the plummen are 
allowed to melt their lead in it. 

'* To give something of the history of this choir : — 

** It was begun to be built A.D. MCCCLXXVIL, by a general contribution of 
the Bishop, abbot and prior [of Bon- Accord] , provest and other magistrates. For 
this end the salmond, meat, swine, and sheep, were taxed. Thus organs, lead, three 
hundred and eleven stalls, and a beacon, were ordained to be provided with two suits 
of gold. So they went on building till A.D. MDXXXVIL, and after. 

** But, A.D. MDLX., we meet with a new order. The magistrates, being now 
become reformers, appoint two hundred pounds for their minister, Adam Heriot (of 
whom see Spotswood), with a black gown, coat and doublet, hose and bonnet ; and 
the Friars* crofts are ordained to be applied to the town*s profit. But Gilbert 
Mensies and Gilbert Collison dissented. 

"A.D. MDLXII., the minister is discharged of his stipend, and the Bishop 
(as parson of S. Nicholas) left to sustain him. 

** A.D. MDLXL, they appoint all the money collected for the silver and brass 
work of the church with the caps and ornaments, to be employed for the use of the 
Key-head, bridge of Don, and artillery of the town. 

"The same year, the silver and brass work, with the caps and ornaments, 
being, by order of these magistrates, exposed to sale in a publick auction, and one 
hundred and forty-two pounds Scots being offered by Patrick Menxies for the caps, 
twenty-one shillings for each ounce of silver, and sixteen shillings for each stone of 
brass, the said Patrick Menxies is ordained to get them, and the money to be 
employed to the necessary adoes of the town ; which accordingly were delivered ; 
the silver amounting to sixteen score ounces, and a quarter of ounce of clean silver.** 
{View of the Diocese of Aberdun (1732), by the Rev. Alexander Keith. Spalding Club, 
Collections on the Shires of Aberdeen, pp. 205- xo. For an account of the author, see 
Dr. Grub's Preface to Antiquities of the Shires of Banff and Aberdeen, pp. xxxv.*vii.) 

In the hope that Gibbs, the architect of the West Church, might have 
preserved some sketch or plan of the ancient nave, whose ruins he removed, I 
asked the Rev. W. D. Macray to look over Gibbs's drawings, preserved in the Radcliffe 
Library at Oxford : he kindly did so, but found nothing. Ground plans of the 
choir (the old Bast Kirk), which had been prepared for seat-letting purposes, are 
preserved in the Town-house, Aberdeen. 

' No. IX., Concerning the Benefactors of the Church. * 



PREFACE. xix 

there was from the first the chancel. We have no early 
literary mention, indeed, of its existence, but when the old 
East Kirk (the Fifteenth Century choir) was taken down in 
1837, an observant antiquary, who was alive at the time, tells 
us that the foundations of the ancient chancel were disclosed ; 
he describes these foundations as showing that this chancel 
had been aisleless, ** rather more in length than either limb of 
the original transept" (which would make it nearly forty feet 
long) ; and he adds, what was a very likely feature in a Norman 
chancel, that its " eastern end was round ".^ 

All this means a very large church — ^too large, even irf 
design, for the Scotland of Canmore, and much more likely to 
belong to the reign of Alexander I. or David I.* (i 107 to 1 153). 
On the whole, while it is possible that the church may be a 
little older than 1 1 50, it is more probable that it is the successor 
of the first church of the burgh ; that that first church was 
destroyed in the Norseman's raid ; and that the rebuilders, 
while making their new church larger than its predecessor, 
retained the forms of the older style — the Norman, introducing, 
however, here and there the Transitional features which were 
coming into fashion. 

The Burgh itself, though it had suffered so severely, was 
not very old in 11 57: its Church of S. Nicholas, if it was 
finished, must have been quite new when the Pope gave it to 
the Bishop of Aberdeen. 

A large burgh churchy dedicated to S. Nicholas, and 
consisting of nave with north and south aisles, transepts and 
apsidal chancel, in the Norman style, passing into Transitional : 
every detail bears witness alike to the Teutonic blood of the 

^ Sekded WrUingi of John Ramsay (born 1799, died 1870), p. 207. 

' Even BUppottng that Bp. Robert's basilica at S. Andrews was not S. Regulus' 
but Kirkheugh, it was tiny in comparison : still more so the Church of Bimie, which 
was the chief seat, even in David's reign, of the bishops of Moray. 



XX PREFACE. 

citizens who built it, to their enterprise and comparatively wide 
intellectual horizon, to their thorough sympathy, moreover, with 
the ecclesiastical policy of S. Margaret and S. 'David.^ The 
bishop may have furthered their scheme : the pious sovereigns 
of S. Margaret's line approved, no doubt, their munificence. 
But unless all local tradition is erroneous, neither the conception 
of the church nor its erection came from prince or prelate. The 
credit belongs to the burghers themselves. It is the liberal man 
that devisetk liberal things : their descendants in the Nineteenth 
Century, like their descendants in the Fifteenth, may be pardoned 
if they endeavour gratefully to recall to memory *' their names 
and good works ; that so from their good work and their devotion 
those who are to come may take example, and glorify our God, 
who is in the heavens, by whom all things were made, and 
without whom was nothing made. To whom be praise, power, 
dominion and glory throughout all ages. Amen.''* 

The Chartulary mentions an "image of S. Nicholas, 
situated on the south side of the High Altar, which was there 
from the foundation of the Church " ; ' but the earliest date it 
gives is February 2, i27{, when, according to a charter of 
1 50 1, Richard Cementarius founded the Altar of S. John the 
Evangelist/ Cementarius means " mason " ; and if we may 

^ It IB remarkable how large many of the churches are in the ** burghs " along 
the east coast of England— burghs closely akin to Aberdeen, though planted in a 
land which was Teutonic and in full communion with Continental Christendom many 
centuries prior to the foundation of the Burgh of Aberdeen. The churches were large 
because the minds were large of those who built them. It is curious that the largest 
parish church in England, that of Yarmouth, was also dedicated to S. Nicholas : no 
doubt for the same reason that the merchants of Aberdeen selected him, and those 
of Berwick, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Liverpool, Amsterdam and Hamburg, because of 

his kindness to sailors. (See the Mass of S. Nicholas, AppendiiE IV., p. 426.) 

' No. IX., vol. iL p. za. 

* This image was re-painted in 1340 by Ralph Voket, burgess. Na IX., ii. pp. 12-17. 

« No. XXV. This charter (1501) contains a note that '* no charter is held of 
this foundation, because after the foundation the Burgh of Aberdeen was in the hands 



PREFACE. 7CX1 

judge by the analogy of " Gregorius Cementarius " and 
** Ricardus Vitrearius " — Gregory the mason, and Richard the 
glazier, who appear in the Register of the Bishoprick of Moray 
in 1237, and who were, Mr. Cosmo Innes thinks, * 'without doubt 
persons employed in the building of Elgin Cathedral " — we may 
Tcgaard the Aberdeen mason as not only the earliest benefactor 
of the Church of S. Nicholas whose name has come down to 
us, but the earliest whom we can name as having actually had a 
hand in rearing it 

In 1340 the Altar of S. James the Apostle^ was founded 
by William Strabrok, burgess of Aberdeen and laird of Foveran, 
" at the lower {t.e., westmost) column on the north side of the 
nave, the same column whereon is set the carved stone for 
holding holy water".* Near it, also, "at the west end of the 
church on the north side," Alexander Williamson, burgess, 
founded in 1357 an altar in honour of Holy Cross, with a large 
crucifix over it called ** The Brown Cross " ; * and in the year 
following " Sir Andrew de Curtastone, chaplain of S. Ann, and 
John Fechat, burgess, who had been specially elected masters of 
kirk wark, and with a view to the repair of the building, repaired 
the Parish Church with a pavement of squared stones "•* These 
entries may be interpreted as marking either the completion of 
the nave,* or, more probably, its restoration after some serious 

of the English **. The altar is mentioned so early as 1294 in the Register of the 
Bishoprick of Aberdeen. (See Appendix I., pp. 313, 314.) 

^ No. XXIX. (ii. p. 46). In No. IX., however, the date is given as 1401 ; but the 
dates there are in several instances demonstrably wrong. 

* Vol. iL p. 13. 

'Vol. ti. p. 15. This altar must not be confounded with *' The Rude Altar" 
on the rood-screen or organ-lofL (See Appendices, vol. ii. pp. 333, 371.) 

* In this case the history of the nave of S. Nicholas would present a somewhat 
close parallel to that of the Metropolitan Cathedral of S. Andrews, which was begun 
in X162, in the Norman style ; the western bays of the nave, which are Gothic, were 

d 



• • 



XXU PREFACE. 

calamity. Certain it is that, just prior to these erections, a very 
serious calamity had befallen the city — its utter destruction in 
1336 by the English.^ The invaders, who burned the palace of 
the bishop and the houses of the canons at Old Aberdeen, are 
not likely to have spared S. Nicholas'. Anyhow the years that 
followed were years of much munificence on the part of the 
citizens towards their Parish Church. Between 1340 and 1362 
no fewer than seventeen benefactions are recorded* These 
include, besides the provision of sacred books and vessels, of 
vestments and images, the foundation of at least five new 
altars.' In 1350 Thomas Mersere, a burgess, adorns the 
Altar of S. Nicholas with a "tabernacle" or shrine for the 
reserved Sacrament, which is described as ''situated between 
the images and the altar, and reaching from one end of the 
altar to the other," ^ as bearing, moreover, a representation of the 
Passion of our Lord.' In the absence of a Lady chapel, the 
south transept had been appropriated to the Altar of the 



completed, it is said, in 1379, but the Cathedral was not consecrated till 1318, when 
the glorious victory of Bannockbum had given a breathing space of peace to the 
country. (Scottish Abbeys and Cathedrals^ pp. 46, 47.) 

^ " With the death of Bruce, peace and tranquillity passed from his kingdom. 
Edward Baliol invaded Scotland, and a civil war raged for many years. In 1336 the 
English arms were again borne over the north, and another Edward of England 
(Edward III.) made a triumphal prog^ress through its provinces. While he was 
engaged in this Thomas Rosheme, a knight in his service, landed at Dunottar and 
marched towards Aberdeen. The citizens sallied forth to mee ^ him, and a conflict 
ensued near the Green, in which they were utterly defeated and their town given to 
the flames and laid in ashes." {Booh of Bon-Accord, p. 36.) 

* Na IX., Concerning the Benefactors of the Church, 

* Those of Sb James, Holy Cross, SS. Lawrence and Ninian, SS. Duthac and 
Bridget, and & Katherine the Virgin. 

« In many Scottish Churches, more particularly in Aberdeenshire, the tabernacle 
for the Sacrament was not above the altar, but on the north side of the chancel : in 
others a case for it was suspended above the altar, or in front of it. 

* Vol. ii. p. 13. 



PREFACE. XXm 

Blessed Virgin,* and was called, '* The Choir of the Virgin 
Mary, or the South Choir'*.* In 1355 this transept was 
lengthened sixteen feet by Provost William Leith of Barns to 
afford space for the altar which he founded in honour of SS. 
Lawrence and Ninian. It is possible that *' the glass window 
in the south side" of the choir, gifted in 1359 by William of 
Merenez/ may have been the window of the new gable of the 
extended transept, but in this case, and more certainly when 
we read that two years earlier, in 1357, the choir was being 
" paved with square stones " and adorned with " outer and 
inner paintings " f (suggestive certainly of a choir screen), we 
seem to be dealing, not with the " Choir of Our Lady " in the 
transept, but with the choir of the church — a new choir or 
eastern limb of the cross, which is replacing the old Norman 
chancel, a choir intermediate alike in date and in dimensions 
between the original rounded apse and the extended choir* 
which became the East Kirk. All these benefactions and 
additions may have been part of the restoration of the church 
after injury in 1336. It must be confessed, however, that the 
Charttdary does not say so ; while tradition gives a very 
different account in regard to another benefaction of this 

* The altar of her mother, S. Ann, seems to have occupied a somewhat similar 
position in the north transept Provost Davidson, who fell at Harlaw, was buried 
before the Altar jof S. Ann : he lay, it is said, " in the middle of the kirk '* and near 
the great arches of the steeple on the north side. Davidson's effigy now lies in the 
recess prepared for those of Colison and his wife, in the north wall of the north 
transept. 

* See PragmetUs, A (vol. ii. p. 19), and No. XXXIII., p. 51. 

* VoL iL p. 15. 
•Ibid. 

* About the same time, in the episcopate of Alexander de Kinnimund II. 
(1357-82), the Cathedral at Old Aberdeen was being built : the choir which that 
prelate leh unfinished was regarded as insufficient a hundred years later, and 
Bishop Blphinstone rebuilt it on a grander scale. {Transactions of the Aberdun 
Eccksiologieal Society^ 1887, p. 3a) 



XXIV PREPACB. 

period (1351)1 ''the two great bells of great price hanging in 
the steeple " (already the church had a central tower, and very 
possibly the same oaken, lead-clad spire which perished with 
the bells in the disastrous fire of 1874), ** whereof the name of 
the larger is Lawrence, and that of the less, Mary ".^ According 
to tradition these bells were an atonement for a homicide of 
which Provost Leith was guilty ; but of that story, too, the 
Chartulary drops no hint. 

About this period, or somewhat earlier, another addition 
must have been made to the fabric of S. Nicholas — a chapel 
opening off the east side of the north transept* The wide 
archway which gave entrance to this chapel remains in the 
east wall of Colison's aisle. Its Gothic form, and the fact 
that to make room for it the lower part of a Norman 
window was built up,^ show it to be later than the transept 
itself; its shafts and their capitals, and indeed everything 
about it, bear clear witness that it is much earlier than 
the neighbouring remains of the great choir of the Fifteenth 
Century. 

In the beginning of the Fifteenth Century, the demand 
for more altars and multiplied Masses (which were offered 
chiefly for the dead, the reception of the Sacrament by the 
living had become comparatively rare) was strong and 
steady. Under the conviction that ** through pfous prayers, 
and especially through continual celebrations of Masses, where 
the Son for our sins is offered to the Father, our sins are 
remitted, the pains of purgatory destroyed, and the souls of 
the dead very often liberated from them, and placed among the 

* Vol. ii. p. 13. 

* The Chartulary contains no record of its erection. 
' The filling up is visible from the outside. 



PRSFACB. XXV 

joys of Paradise,"^ a large number of chantries were founded. 
The aisles and transepts of S. Nicholas' were divided up into 
a series of small chapels : every available nook of the church 
had its altar and its priest Each burghal family of note, each 
trade and corporation either had, or desired to have, its own 
altar and its own chaplain. In 1439 there were, or might be, 
in S. Nicholas', besides the vicar, "chaplains to the number of 
thirty ".* In this state of matters, two things became obviously 
necessary : there must be some provision for the regulation of 
the services and the discipline of the chaplains ; and the church 
must be enlai^ed. Both wants were met. First the Town 
Coimcil of Aberdeen, all along the guardians and patrons of 
S. Nicholas', on the 5th October, 1449, "consentit and concludit 
that alsweil the feit chaplaynis and fest chaplaynis " — both those 
hired from year to year or for special duty, and those endowed — 
" sal be Rewlit and governyt and trespassours correct be the 
sight of the alderman and counsale aforesaid, or ell the agayn- 
standaris of this statute sal noght be maynetnyt be the maisters ".' 
Then the ecclesiastical authorities also interpose.. Bishop 
Ingeram de Lyndesay (i 441 -1459), an admirable prelate whom 

* No. XCIV. (vol. ii. p. 152). The granter of this charter, William Cowpar, one 
of the chaplains, endows, on the grounds aforesaid, '*a daily mass, called the Third 
Mass," for the health of his soul, and specified souls departed, at the Altar of SS. 
Thomas and George. The date of the charter is 1538, but the views expressed in it 
were held quite as distinctly a century earlier. 

> No. LXIII. (vol. ii. p. X02). The charter repeating towards its close "the 
number of thirty,'* adds a clause " if there are as many'* ; but again it contemplates 
even a larger number, for it speaks of ** thirty priests elected as above out of those 
who are more often and more regularly present in choir at the canonical hours " — 
which apparently were apt to be neglected. The charter calls the church simply 
*' the Pariah Church," and the chaplains simply " the chaplains "—not as yet " the 
chaplains of the choir " or ** the chaplains of the college ". Moreover, ay^the altars 
mentioned, those of Holy Cross, S. Mary,*S. Michael, and S. Ann, were either in the 
nave or the transepts. 

' Records of the Town Council of Aberdeen : printed in Appendix II. (vol. ii. 
P- 327). 



XXVI . PREFACE. 

we find at Old Aberdeen engaged in the kindred task of 
amending the constitution of his chapter and making rules 
(1456) for the conduct of the Cathedral services/ appears in the 
Chartulary of S. Nicholas giving to the chaplains of that church 
also an ** Information respecting Divine Worship, and their 
'kdministration thereof".* They are to meet in chapter every 
Saturday at nine o'clock, under the presidency of the Vicar (or, 
in his absence, of the Curate) and are to draw up a table of the 
services in S. Nicholas' for the week, in which shall be set down 
both the service that is to be ministered and the name of him 
who is to minister the same. They are to note, and correct 
faults. The Bishop makes special provision for the Public 
Service of the Church, with which the more gainful Private 
Masses seem too likely to come into competition : '*on Sundays 
and festivals, when the Church service is to be performed with 
music, whether at matins, hig|h mass, or vespers, all chaplains 
shall enter the choir with clean surplices, in honour of God and of 
the Church". This Informatio is nothing less than the con- 
stituting of S. Nicholas' a Collegiate Church,* according to the 
fashion of the day — a fashion than which perhaps nothing better 
has ever been devised for meeting the varied spiritual needs of a 
town.* It remained as before a Parish Church, but henceforth 

^ Registrum Bpiscopatus Aberdonetuis, vol. ii. 70-85. 

> No. CXXII. (vol. ii. 322-324). The Informatio is not dated. 

' In the right sense of the term. Since the Reformation a Parish Church has 
been called in Scotland ** Collegiate '* where tufo ministers are associated on equal 
terms, but this is a misnomer : to quote a not infrequent remark of the late Dr. Grub, 
it takes at least three to make a College : Tres faciunt collegium. Moreover, the 
modem arrangement has seldom been found to work well. 

* It must be confessed that the best use was not always made of those 
** Colleges " ; but that might have been amended without destroying them. About 
thirty-eight Collegiate Churches existed in Scotland prior to the Reformation, of 
which the earliest was Dunbar (founded in 1342) and the latest Biggar (1545). See 
Dr. Laing, Registrum Dom4s de SoUre^ and Dr. Cramond, The Church and Churchyard 
of CuUcn. 



PREFACE. XXVll 

its dergy were an organised body, the "College of the Chaplains," 
or " the Chaplains of the Choir " of S. Nicholas — of the choir 
because thoi^h S. Nicholas' was a church wherein the citizens 
had their part in the choir and the chaplains officiated at many 
altars in the nave, yet it was in the choir that the chaplains 
ministered daily as a body. 

We have seen that so early as 1157 the Church of S. 
Nicholas was given to the Bishop of Aberdeen ; for nearly 
four centuries the bishops of that see were parsons (rectors) of 
S. Nicholas, discharging their duty in the parish by a vicar, 
who again was sometimes represented by a curate : in 1 540, 
however, on the 28th of March, Bishop William Gordon, with 
consent of the dean and chapter, gave the vicarage, with all 
its fruits and revenues, to the College of the Chaplains of S. 
Nicholas and their successors for the sustentation of a provost 
to serve perpetually in the said Church, which thenceforth was 
to be called (like other Collegiate Churches) a Provostry.* 

Thus was the discipline of the clergy of S. Nicholas' 
provided for. About the same time the other need above 
referred to — the enlargement of the fabric — was taken up. So 
early as 1445, Andrew of Cwlane, burgess of Aberdeen, gave 
certain annual rents to the Church of Aberdeen for " ane altar 
to be mad in the north yill of Our Ladye of Pyte ".* The north 
aisle of Our Lady of Pity is what we may call the north transept 
of the Lower Church, now part of S. Mary's Chapel, and 

' Appendix II., p. 381. See also No. CXXI. In a note appended to the 
Translation of that charter (vol. it. p. 221), I have made a mistake as to the day 
of the month, the 25th instead of the 28th March. Kennedy thinks that the change 
may have been due to those discussions which in 1537 led to the dismissal of all the 
cantors in the choir, or to the Reformation making its appearance in the North. 
This is doubtful, and CXXI. is evidence that he is wrong when he adds " it does not 
appear that that appointment ever took place **. (AnnaU of Abcrdun^ ii. 44, 45.) 

' Appendix III. (vol. ii. p. 326). 



XXViil PREFACE. 

containing the Parish Library of the East Church. It is 
scarcely possible that there was in the older choir an aisled 
chapel with this dedication ;^ nor is there any reason to think 
that the Lower Church had been begun so early as 1445 ; but 
evidently there was already the intention to extend the choir, 
and in any extension a Lower Church must have been contem- 
plated. For the ground at the east end of the then existing 
choir sloped rapidly towards what is now S. Nicholas Street, 
but was in those days the deep " den " of the '* torrent " or bum 
which drove the " Mill of Aberdeen," and carried the surplus 
waters of the Loch* into the estuary of the Dee. Both 
transepts of the Church had been in different ways extended — 
the south transept lengthened, the north transept enlarged by 
an eastern chapel ; perhaps, as we have seen, the Norman 
chancel had given place to a somewhat ampler Gothic choir, 
possibly with aisles. But even so the choir was insufficient : 
the only thing to be done was to pull it down, and erect — as at 
Glasgow Cathedral they had done on a far more magnificent 
scale in the preceding century — a new choir, whose eastern 
end should be supported by what the Chartulary and our 
older writers correcdy designate, not a crypt, but " the 
Lower Church ". This, as we have seen, had been resolved 
on in 1445 : in 1449, the Town Council, with consent of 
the merchants of the bui^h, ordained that every merchant 
sending goods to Bruges should give, in honour of God 
and S. Nicholas, four groats for every sack of wool, four 
groats for each parcel of skins, one groat for each barrel (of 
kippered fish, or pork), one groat for each ** dacre " of hides, 

^ I was inclined at one time to take the view of a similar dedication earlier, but 
It is not a mere altar, but an aisUd chapel that the entiy in the Town Council Register 
demands. 

' The site of the Loch is commemorated in ** Loch Street,** that of the Mill in 
" Flourmill Brae ". 



PREFACE. xxix 

to be expended "on the reparatione of the Pariss Kirk of 
Sanct Nicolace ". For the same purpose one penny a barrel 
was exacted for every barrel exported to the Firth (of Forth), or 
any other place.^ We hear something of a purchase of lead for 
the Church in 1474,' but apparently the raising of the money 
necessary for the extension was proceeding rather slowly, till 
the bishop, Thomas Spens, the successor of Ingeram de 
Lyndesay, and no less diligent than he in promoting good 
works, came forward with an offer of the " second teind " of the 
parish for the building of the choir.' The bishop's generosity 
evoked from the city a liberal response : on the 14th April, 
1477, he received a cordial vote of thanks, and "the alderman, 
consale, and communitie, grantit to the biging of the qveyr all 
fees of alderman, bailzeis, dene of glide, Abbot, and prior * of 
this burgh, with the commoh gude and all vtheris proffitis that 
may be gottin for sevyn yeris to cum, and mare gif needs be ".* 
In October, 1477, seventy pounds a year were set aside from 
the town's fishings in Don and Dee for the same purpose, " ay 
and quhil the said qweyr be fuUely bigit and complete ".* The 
work was now a matter in which the citizens were deeply 
interested, and there was a corresponding feeling of indignation 

^ Appendix II., p; 327. 

• Ibid., p. 33a. 

' November 6, 1481, vol. ii., Appendix II., 335. Spens was Bishop of Aberdeen 
from 1459- 1480. He confirmed Bp. Lyndesay*8 Information to the Chaplains. No. 
CXXII. 

• The "Abbot and Prior of this burgh" were not ecclesiastical persons — ^there 
were no monks, and no abbot, in the burgh. The personages here referred to were 
the Abbot and Prior of Bon-Accord — ^the masters of the city's revels for the year, 
like the boy-bishop in other places. 

» Vol. ii.. Appendix II., p. 333. 

• Ibid. The arms of Alexander of Chalmyr, who was alderman in 1478, and 
•* upper and principal master of work for the biging of Sanct Nicolace queyr for twa 
yeris to come," appear on the boss in the groined roof of the south aisle of the Lower 
Church, now the vestry of the East Church. 

e 



XXX PREFACE. 

when, on the death of Bp. Spens, his successor, Robert Blacader, 
"elect and confirmat of Aberdeen," but not yet consecrated, 
withdrew the gift of the second tithes which his predecessor had 
bestowed. The citizens were so angry that they *' decretit, 
deliuerit, and ordinyt that nane nychtbur dwelland within the 
said burgh sal mak na seruias to the said Robert elect na yet to 
nane of his factors on his behalf".* How far this " boycotting " 
was carried, and what its effect was, we are not told. In less 
than three years Blacader was translated to Glasgow, of which 
he was the first Archbishop, and where he distinguished himself 
as a munificent church builder. He built in his new Cathedral 
the rood-loft, the stairs of the great crypt, and also the crypt 
which bears his name on the south end of the south transept. 
Blacader was succeeded at Aberdeen by the greatest and most 
munificent of all its prelates, William Elphinstone. His vigorous 
rule soon made itself felt in S. Nicholas', as elsewhere. In 
1 49 1, certain new statutes for the supplying, augmenting, and 
upholding of God*s service were agreed on by the curate and 
chaplains. At that time there were twenty-two chaplains, David 
Waus, Vicar of Banff, being curate.* The next entry in the 
Chartularyy when Thomas Chalmers is curate, but undated, 
records a statute of Bp. Elphinstone s that ** in all time coming 
there shall be in the said college (of S. Nicholas) but the 
number of sixteen brethren, singers, and men able for the 
keeping up of the service of God, and no more".* In 1498, 
the new choir was so far finished that, on the 24th of September, 
" the act of the Dedication of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas 
of this burgh was solemnly celebrated " by Bp. Elphinstone, * 

^ Vol. ii., Appendix II., p. 335. 

• No. CXXIV. (vol. ii. pp. 226-230). 
» No. CXXV. (vol. ii. p. 231). 

* The Office employed may have been that preserved in the Breviary of 
Aberdeen. 



PREFACE. XXXi 

and Provost Alexander Menzies, in honour of the occasion, 
founded " a lamp hanging at the High Altar before the venerable 
Sacrament to remain in all time coming, night and day, for his 
soul and the souls of his parents, predecessors, and successors ".* 
There was, however, a great deal yet to do towards the due 
furnishing of the choir. Stalls, thirty-four in number, with a 
new chancel door, had been ordered from John Fendour, wright ; 
they were begun in December, 1 507, and were ordered to be 
ready by Lammas, or, at latest, by Michaelmas, 1508.* These 
stalls, which were provided with canopies and ** spires," and a 
" chanslar door,"' were, no doubt, as handsome as those which 
are the glory of the interior of King's College Chapel, Old 
Aberdeen : they may even have been the work of the same 
" wright," for they are of the same period, and some of the 
panels which remain^ are exactly similar both in design and 



> No. CIX. There is some ground for doubting the exact year. Kennedy 
gives it as 1508, and (Anf$als, ii. p. 43) refers to the Council Register, xliv. p. 50, 
zlv. 128, xlvi. 490. But in 1508, Gilbert Menzies, not Alexander, was Provost 
(Kennedy, Annals^ ii. 232). On the other hand, in 1498, John Rutherford was 
Provost — he held the office from 1496 to 1501, when he was succeeded by Alexander 
Menxies, who held it to 1504. The lamp was certainly founded by Alexander 
Menzies; the foundation charter is given in the Chartulary in full (No. XLII., 
vol. ii. pp. 67-70). It is attested at Edinburgh in 1503, at which date Alexander 
Menzies is designated Provost of Aberdeen, but it was executed at Aberdeen, 2nd 
July, 1500, at which time he is simply *' burgess of Aberdeen *'. The scribe of No. 
CIX. has fallen into the mistake of antedating Menzies' Provostship, but he may be 
quite right as to the date of the dedication. 

' Vol. ii., Appendix II., p. 346. Michaelmas is the 29th September. The fiict 
that the stalls were to be ready by this date goes so far to confirm Kennedy's date 
for the Dedication of the Choir. But may not the Choir'Stalls have been dedicated 
when they were ready ? It is the dedication of the Parish Church which the Chartulary 
•ays took place in 1498. 

* Vol. ii.. Appendix II., p. 346. 

* There are three such panels in the vestiy of the Bast Church, and twelve in 
the preacher's and clerk's desks in S. Mary's Chapel, with some fragments also of 
a cornice in the same style. A solitary fragment of the perforated canopies belonged 



• • 



XXXU PREFACE. 

workmanship to those in Kingfs College, though they are 
somewhat larger. This splendid addition to the magnificence of 
the church was by no means the last gift to it before the crash 
of the Reformation. In 15 14 — the year of Flodden — the 
*' provost, bailzeis, counsaile, and communitie maid and divisit " 
further statutes *' for the reformacioun of certane necessar thingis 
to be had in thar Moder Kirk to the honour and fre loving of 
God Almighty, the blissid Virgin, and thar glorious patrone, 
Sanct Nicholace ". They enumerate specially ** sang bukis for 
an queir chantour, cappis (copes) frontallis, towalis of the Hie 
Altar, forclathls, chandeliers of brass, lecterns of brass," ^ etc., 
and ordered as before a contribution from all vessels trading 
with Flanders or Zealand, from all who are made burgesses of 
guild, and from all asking licence to ** saile in merchanice to any 
partis".' In October, 15 18, Sir John Cuming is the Council's 
" choristar and player on thair organs " : • in the following 
January, the masters of kirk*wark are ordained to translate the 
Council's font (for holy water), and passage to the rood-loft, and 
to build up S. Michael's door — a round-headed Norman door- 
way, of which traces may still be seen in the west end of the 
gable of the north transept, and to *' mak a fair wyndo in that 
gavil of thair croce kirk,"* no doubt, the late-Gothic window 
which, to this day, lights CoHson's Aisle. This window is not 
very beautiful — it is far inferior to its somewhat younger sister 



to the late eminent antiquary, Dr. John Stuart, and is now in possession of his 
son-in-law, the Rev. Dr. Woodward, Montrose, who assures me that it is at least as 
fine as anything at King*s College. 

^ The choir possessed a massive brass lectern, the bopk-rest of which was 
supported by the figure of a pelican feeding its young with its blood. It weighed 
5ao lbs. See Bain's McrchatU and Craft Guilds of Aherdun^ p. 66. 

* Vol. ii., Appendix II., pp. 349, 350. 

* /Wrf., 352. 



PREFACE. XXXiil 

in Greyfriars Church ; but it is very interesting. Two Transitional 
engaged columns, which had formerly adorned two narrow 
round-headed windows, are retained ; they, like the rest of the 
stonework in the Aisle, are freestone ; but the arch, at this time 
inserted above them, is of granite, a material which had already 
been employed both in the piers and vaulting of S. Mary's Chapel, 
and in Bishop Lichton's (142 3- 1460) work in the Cathedral of 
S. Machar. As a whole, however, the new choir, like the old 
nave and transepts, like the present West Church, like the 
churches of the Grey Friars and the Carmelites,^ and like the 
Chapel of King s College, was built of freestone.* 

An interesting altar, which found accommodation apparendy 
in a chapel in the north aisle of the choir, and was perhaps the 
latest erected in the church, was founded in 1520 by John 
Arthur, burgess of Aberdeen — the Altar of the Name of Jesus.' 
This particular devotion had been fostered in the North by 
Bp. Elphinstone's importation of the Feast with its Mass and 
OflSce.* In other respects also Arthur appears to have been a 
layman quite after the mind of Bp. Elphinstone, intelligent, 
devout, perfectly loyal to Rome, yet, under a profound impression 
that the Church needed a learned clergy, fostering those influences 
which prepared the way for the Reformation. He presented to 
the chaplains (1505) " six volumes of the books of that excellent 
doctor, Nicholas de Lyra".* 

By the time the new choir had been completed, the ancient 
nave was in need of repair. In 1537, " the west gable door of 
the church " is to be taken down and rebuilt ** with the readiest 



1 See vol. ii. p. 141. Note. 

* From Covesea, in Moray. (Kennedy, AnnalSf ii. p. 4a.) 
» No. LXXVIII. 

« See Appendix IV. 

• No. XLIII. 



XXXIV PREFACE. 

Stones belonging to the church, and the readiest money the 
master of kirk-wark can lay his hands on.^ This led to the 
renewal of the whole west front, and the insertion of a large 
west window: nor was it till 1541 that this alteration was 
completed.* Less important repairs were the renovation of the 
painting which adorned the Altars of S. James' and S. John 
Baptist/ and the mending of certain windows.* In 1546 the 
Council sent to S. Andrews for a plumber "to reform and mend 
the falts of thair Kirk*'* — presumably in the lead-work of the 
roof. 

The relations between the cler^ and the Council had not 
been invariably happy. Something must have happened — 
either a crime committed in the church, such as that which a 
few years ago gave a pause to the services in S. Paul's 
Cathedral, or a ''strike" among the chaplains — for on the i6th 
March, 152^, the magistrates complain that their ''kirk had 
stand lang desolate of diuyne service " : the " holy time of 
Pasche" (Easter) was approaching; yet the bishop — good 
Bp. Gavin Dunbar — was in no hurry to come to their relief. 
Wherefore the Council send Thomas Menzies of Pitfoddels 
with an escort of three horse to " my lord of Aberdeen," praying 
him, as he was not coming himself, to grant a commission to 
some other bishop to " reconcile the said kirk ".^ In the same 
year, a litde later, we find that Bp. Dunbar had complained to 
the King of " syndry strangearis and otheris within his diocesy 

^ Appendix II. 

' " The Chronicle of Aberdeen,** Miscellany of the Spalding Club^ ii. p. 33. 

' Appendix II. 

* Ibid.f p. 367. 
nbid. 

• Ibid., p. 368. 
' Ibid., p. 357. 



PREFACE. XXXV 

of Aberdeene" that "has bukis of that heretik Luthyr and 
favoris his arrorys and fals opinionys ". The King wrote to 
the Town Council on the subject : his letter is engrossed, but 
no decision of Council is recorded.^ In 1543, at the request 
of the Regent Arran ''who was at that time inclined to the 
Reformed opinions and had two friars to preach to his own 
household,"* Friars John Roger and Walter Thomsoun received 
from the Council honest sustenance, shelter, and pay ** for their 
leill and trew lawtaful service to be done in preching and teching 
of the trew vord of God, and thair daylie prearis for the estait 
of the lord governour s grace, the commone weill of this realme, 
and of this guid towne ". 

These are indications of the coming change, but it is not 
till the 1 6th of June, 1559,^ that we find any sign of serious 
alarm on the part of the Aberdeen clergy. On the 2nd of 
May, John Knox had landed at Leith : on the loth he 
preached at Perth; on the nth, "the rascal multitude," 
fired by his sermon, sacked the convents of the Black and 
Grey Friars and of the Carthusian Monks in the Fair City ; 
and " the fiery besom " went forth to destroy many of the 
noblest fanes in Scodand ''Among the churches that were 
wrecked or defaced while the iconoclastic fever lasted were 
those of S. Andrews, Edinburgh, Dunblane, Dunkeld, Dun- 
fermlinei Arbroath, Kelso, Kilwinning, Lesmahs^o, Lindores, 
Perth, Balmerino, Cupar, Crossraguel, Paisley, Stirling, Cambus- 
kenneth, S. Ninians, and Scone." ^ No wonder that the chaplains 

^ Burgh Records of Aherdun^ i. no. In 1530, 1533, and 1546, however, we find 

tome tokens of zeal : a fine inflicted on a man who despised the sanctity of the church 

door, an order that the tribute of wax must be paid at Yule " in honour of God, Our 

Lady, and S. Nicholas " ; and an injunction to the people to pay to the vicar their 

Easter " duty, conform to the auld lovable use of this guid toun ". {Ihid,^ Pref., xxix.) 

' Appendix II., vol. ii. p. 371. 

^ SkeJton, Maitland of iMhington^ i. 232. 



XXXVl PREFACE. 

of S. Nicholas, when they were " surely advertised, and it 
was notoriously known that certain persons in the south parts of 
Scotland had enterprised at their own hands, without any order 
or consent of the authority, to destroy kirks, religious places, 
and the order and policy of the same," thought it needful to ask 
the magistrates to ''provide for the defence and maintenance of 
their Parish Church, and meanwhile to put in sure keeping " the 
church plate and ornaments, ''till the said uproar and tumult 
are put to tranquillitie by the antient and wyse counsell of the 
realme ". Whereupon the Town Council " thocht it expedient 
to transport the toun's evidents forth of the kirk " — that is how 
the Chartulary came to be in the Town-house — *' and sicklik the 
great eucharist, chalices, silver work, and most costly ornaments 
of the church ". An inventory was made of them ; * and the 
chaplains are to get them back again "when the provost, 
bailzies, and counsell thinks expedient the same be done". It 
does not appear that the chaplains' fears were realised : the 
storm swept southward and not northward. Things at Aberdeen 
seemed quiet enough ; and on the 22nd of November we have 
one more pre- Reformation order for the repair of S. Nicholas'. 
Gilbert Colison, master of kirk-wark, is to " mend and reform 
the kirk wyndois, and the leid thak of the kirk, and to find some 
remeid to uphold the ruff of the northt yll with propis and scultis 
for this wynter sessoun, quhill fair wedder cum, to mend the 
samyn".^ They could discern the face of the sky, but they 
could not discern the signs of the times.* 

The Church of S. Nicholas at this period was certainly 
one of the largest and noblest of Scottish parish churches. If it 

^ Appendix II. 

* Burgh RecordSf Spalding Club, i. 325. 

» S. Matt. xvi. 3. 



PREFACE. XXXVll 

lacked the rich side chapels, doubled aisles, and groined vaulting 
which impart such wonderful variety and grandeur to the interior 
of S. Giles' at Edinburgh ; if its basket windows are plain indeed 
beside the intricate yet flowing tracery of S. Michael's at 
Linlithgow ; if its wooden lead-clad spire would not compare 
with the graceful lanterns which crowned the towers of these 
stately churches ; yet it was longer from end to end than either 
of them ; its nave and transepts were much more ancient, and 
their dignified simplicity of style had perhaps a charm which is 
lacking in the somewhat coarse though sumptuous details of 
these two churches. It had, what they had not, a *' Lower 
Church " ; and neither of them could have boasted better wood- 
work than the massive rood-loft to which Alexander Williamson 
contributed the "outer and inner painting," or the thirty-four 
stalls which Aberdeen craftsmen wrought for the new choir. 
Moreover, those great southern churches basked in the sunshine 
of Royalty. They were adorned and enlarged by kings and 
princes. The Church of S. Nicholas, from its first founding to 
the Reformation, and from the Reformation to the present day, 
was the fruit exclusively of burghal liberality. No king, no prince, 
only one prelate, and only one peer,^ are recorded among its 
benefactors. Yet it could bear comparison, in point of size, 
in the beauty of its furnishings, and in the multitude of its 
ministers, with even the larger of our Cathedrals. The nave, 
which had eight pillars on either side, was, as we have seen, 117 
feet Icmg by 66 feet wide, the transept 100 feet from north to south 
by 24 feet across ; the new choir, of five bays, was 86 feet long 
by 64 feet wide, while east of the choir, spanned by a pointed 
arch whose copestone soared to a height of 40 feet above the 
floor, an apse, 20 feet wide, lighted by three tall windows of 

' Bishop Thomas Spens and William, 3rd Lord Forbes. See Fragments, B, 
vol iL p. 21. 

f 



xxxviti PREFACfi. 



three lights each, extended 1 8 feet further east ; so that the 
Church had a total length of 245 feet* The effect of this great 
length must have been vastly enhanced by the comparative 
lowness of the roof, the highest point of which, even in the 
choir, was no more than 60 feet, and by the narrowness of the 
space between the pillars, only 22 feet* In the apse — or triangle 
as it is called — probably at its eastern extremity, the Town 
Council (9th September, 1502) allowed Mr. Walter Leslie, 
Parson of Menmuir, '' to build and found an Altar of SS. Mungo 
and Tovine":' the High Altar no doubt stood considerably 
further forward ; in line, perhaps, with the two eastmost pillars 
of the choir, so that there could be a passage behind it, as well 
as in front of it. The pillars of the choir (with the exception 
of those at the entrance from the transepts, which were 
polygonal*) were — like those of the somewhat earlier nave of 
Aberdeen Cathedral — plain rounds, but the capitals of all were 
adorned not merely with mouldings but with sculpture — leaves 
and fruit.* The choir aisles, which, like those of the nave, were 



* The Cathedral of S. Andrews was 358 feet long ; Glasgow, 283 ; Elgin, 282 ; 
but Kirkwall and Aberdeen, which came next in sixe, measuring respectively 218 and 
200 feet, were both shorter than S. Nicholas*. 

' See some interesting remarks on this narrowness, which is a character of our 
Gothic architecture, in Mr. Kelly's article, '* Some Ancient Country Churches near 
Aberdeen,** Transactions of the Aberdeen BccUsiological Society , 1886, pp. 26-33. 

* Appendix. II. S. Mungo is, of course, S. Kentigem, the founder and 
patron saint of Glasgow. S. Tovine may be S. Thenew, his mother, whose name 
at Glasgow has been so strangely altered into S. Enoch ; or perhaps S. Adamnan, 
Abbot of lona, the biographer of S. Columba. At Forglen, on the Deveron, S. 
Adamnan was known as S. Teunan. (Bp. A. P. Forbes, Kalendars 0/ Scottish 
Saints^ p. 366.) 

* Considerable remains of these exist in the east wall of the transept. One of 
the capitals shows the grape-vine well, though conventionally, treated. They are 
illustrated in Mr. A. Walker's monograph on S. Nicholas*. 

* A solitary segment of a capital of one of the round pillars was found after 
the fire of 1874 by Mr. William Smith, architect, and, on the last occasion on which 



PREFACE. XXxix 

wide in proportion to the central division, showed like the 
Cathedral on the Don a range of basket-traceried windows 
with buttresses between. The roofs throughout, except the 
Lower Church (S. Mary's Chapel) which presents the only old 
example of stone vaulting Aberdeenshire can boast of, were 
timbered, that of the choir resembling the almost contempo- 
raneous ceiling of King's College Chapel, Old Aberdeen.^ Off 
the north aisle of the choir was the chapter-house, a building of 
two storeys. 

Amid all this material splendour the influence of the 
unreformed clergy was growing daily weaker. They do not 
seem to have taught the people ; their pecuniary exactions, 
we know, were oppressive; and though we cannot affix to 
the chaplains of S. Nicholas the stigma of licentiousness which 
attaches to so many of the higher clergy and very specially to 
the last Roman Catholic Bishop of Aberdeen (William Gordon, 
1 54 1- 1 577), and though there are traces in the Chartulary 
of personal piety in the chaplains as well as in the laity, yet 
in Aberdeen, where the Roman Catholic party was supposed 
to be specially strong, not the Friars only, but the citizens' 
**own priests," seem to have lost altogether their hold upon 
their flock. Beyond doubt the Church needed reformation. 

Yet, as Sir Walter Scott has pointed out, " the Reform " 
which came ** might have been as pure " though it had left us 
"mair Christian-like kirks".* The immediate heralds of the 



he w«8 able to be within the church's walls, it was deposited by him in Colifon's 
Aisle. The intertwined leaves carved on it have been copied unmistakably from 
originals in some " kail-yard ". 

> An excellent view of the interior of the choir, taken after the pews and 
galleries had been removed, is given in the Book of Bon- Accord, An exterior view 
will be foond in the SdecUd Writings of John Ramsay, p. 205. 

' Rob Roy, chap. xix. 



xl PREFACE. 

Reformation whom we see in Aberdeen — no doubt there were 
many quiet workers of a different sort, sowing unseen the seeds 
of spiritual faith — ^were a lawless band of spoilers and destroyers. 
On the 29th December, 1559, Provost Thomas Menzies gave 
warning^ to the burgesses that certain men of Meams and 
Angus "convenit in congregation ar to be in this toun this 
present day to cast downe the kirks and religious places* 
thairof, under colour and pretence of godlie reformation ".• The 
Provost protested, but got small encouragement from his 
colleagues; and on the 4th of January the spoilers came. 
Baillie David Mar explained to the citizens assembled in head 
court that the strangers had plundered the Dominican and 
Franciscan convents, and were now in the act of unroofing 
their churches. The court interpose indeed to " preserve the 
timber, slates, and stones," but it is to apply them to "the 
common warkis of the toune for the commond good," while all 
the possessions that belonged to the said friars are taken "to 
be applied to the commond weill of the toune, and specially 
for the furthsettin of God's glory, and His trew word and 
preachours thereof, and that the toune may be the more habill 
to concur and assist for the defence of the liberty of the realme, 
expelling of strangers, and expelling of idolatrie ".* Four days 
later, on the 8th of January, four persons are appointed to 
receive and keep the chalices, silver work, and ornaments of 

1 Appendix II., p. 373. C/. Burgh Records^ ii. pp. 325, 6. 
s Place was the underatood name of a Convent of Friars. 
* The good Provost has anticipated Hudibras : — 

'* Call fire and sword and desolation 
A godly thorough reformation**. 

« In the Council Register the date is 4th January, 1559, but it was really 1560 : 
the year in those days did not begin till the 25th of March. The not observing this 
has quite inverted the story of the Reformation in Aberdeen as told in the pages of 
the old Spalding Club edition of the Burgk Records. The true order of events is 
given, though in abridged extracts, in Appendix II. to the present vol., pp. 372 seq. 



PREFACE. xli 

S. Nicholas' until such time as it is determined how they are to 
be disposed of. They were sold by public roup^ on the 26th of 
January, 1 56J, by which time the Reformation (professed in the 
head court of Aberdeen the year before) had been established by 
Act of Parliament. The money was devoted to repairs on the 
harbour, and the Bridge of Don. The latter had been built 
originally, it is said, with the sequestrated revenues of a Bishop 
of Aberdeen (Henry Cheyne, circ. 1328): bridge-building 
was regarded in public sentiment as a work of piety, so that 
there would be little conscience of sacrilege in regard to the 
disposal of the money, however much might be committed in 
the use made of the eucharistic vessels by those who purchased 
them. Presently the altars, with their "backs" or reredoses, 
were removed: in 1574 there is a payment by the baillies of 
13s. 6d. to John Craik for sawing away (alas !) the forepart of 
the stalls in the choir :^ the pynors, or street porters, are paid 
for removing them to "the body of the kirk and cheptour"; 
and " Sir John Black " receives 30s. for taking out the pipes of 
the organs • and packing them also for sale, if any one will buy 
them. 

In 1 596 (four years after the Act of Parliament called the 
Charter of Presbytery), the Provost, Baillies, and Council of 
"Aberdeen ordanit the haill carved tymmer-wark betwixt the 
pillars in the queir to be removit and placit conveniently where 
the same salbe thocht meit to be placed, to the effect that ane 
stane wall may be biggit betwixt the said queir and the bodie 
of the kirk that the said queir may be maid ane preaching 
kirk for preaching of the Word of God and ministration 
of the Sacraments with all convenient speid according to the 
ordinance of the haill toun, maid obefoir ordaining the queir to 

* Appendix II. ' Appendix III., p. 384. 

> /Wi., p. 385. 



xlii PREFACE. 

be divydit fra the kirk and maid ane new kirk to the effect 
foresaid ".* 

None of the chaplains seem to have officiated as ministers 
of the reformed Church. The obits of several are noted in 
Walter CuUen's curious Chranitle of Aberdeen. John Colison, 
the last pre- Reformation vicar, demitted 26th June, 1577, in 
favour of the said Walter CuUen, ** his eyme and reader of 
Aberdeen," whereupon Bishop Gordon, the Romanist prelate 
still surviving, gave the Protestant ** reader " '• coUacioun be the 
ryng on his finger". Colison died 25th July, 1584.* 

Here my story must take end. There is much of interest, 
architectural, historical, and theological, in the annals of the 
now divided church. The process of fitting up both the nave, 
or Old Church, and the choir, or New Church, for the Reformed 
worship was found to afford to liberal-minded men no little 
scope for taste and munificence. Especially in that period of 
prosperity and learning which Aberdeen enjoyed under James 
VI. and Charles I. in the first, forty years of the Seventeenth 
Century — a period adorned in our neighbourhood by the poetry 
of Arthur Johnston, the painting of Jameson, **the Scottish 
Vandyke," and by architectural works of the high merit of 
Fyvie Castle and Castle Eraser — did the reviving love for the 
beauty of the house of God find exercise in the adorning of the 
" Mother Church " of the provincial capital. There were now 
no altars, but the seats erected by the citizens were elaborately 
carved and delicately painted,* the Creed,* sentences of Holy 

^ Appendix III., p. 380. 

' Miscellany of ikt SpMing C/m6, ii. pp. 45, 56. 

' The painting of the wood -work, preserved by Logan and exhibited in our 
illustrations, was a iashion borrowed from Holland, where similar examples may 
still be seen, especially at Middelburg, a city closely connected at this period with 
Aberdeen. I have found traces of vermillion on several of the carved panels in 
S. Mary's Chapel. 

* Appendix III., p. 391. 



PREFACE. xliii 

Scripture,^ and even floral devices adorned the walls : a tablet 
in the Town-house makes mention of a present of eleven ells of 
green cloth for S. Nicholas' Kirk : silver vessels were again 
bestowed for the ministration of the Holy Communion, and 
brass hearses or chandeliers for the lighting of the church. It 
is in this century that it finds a poet to celebrate its beauties : — 

*' Sant Nicolas* stately structure here doth stand, 
No paroch kirk can match*t in all the land ; 
Our architectors, most worthy of renown, 
Did build this church for to decore the town ; 
And that God*s worship might be in it raist ; 
Should not their virtuous paines be highly praist, 
Who such a splendid fabrick did erect ? 
No Momus eye can blame its architect, 
With all the ornaments fit to decore 
A temple where our God we should adore 
In sp'rit and truth ; with fear and trembling we 
Should worship Him within His Sapctuarie ; 
It hath, of real and of casual rent, 
Enough it to maintain, if rightly spent ; 
Then, let its masters in succeeding ages 
Bestow its rents, and not be sacrilegious, 
And since we praise those who this work did found 
And raised it up even from the gravely ground, 
Let all succeeding ages mind that we 
Deserve some praise by our posteritie.'** 

Numerous ** mortifications" were made for the support of Divine 
ordinances, the relief of the poor, and the education of the young.' 
Then too was added a glory unsurpassed at any former or at 
any later period. The clergy of S. Nicholas* between 1560 and 
1640 include names among the most illustrious in the eccle- 

* Appendix III., p. 393. 

* These lines were " an inscriptioHi of date 1672, which was placed on the wall 
of the old nave, and is fortunately preserved in Monteith*8 Theatre of Mortality ". 
(John Ramsay, p. 218.) 

> See Statement of the Funds of the General Kirh Session of S. Nicholas. Aberdeen, 
1848. 



xliv PREFACE. 

siastical history of Scotland — John Craig, as a Reformer second 
only to John Knox, and probably before him as a scholar and 
divine; Robert Baron, Sibbald, and Ross, three of the "Aberdeen 
Doctors,'' who answered the arguments if'- they could not resist 
the swords of the Covenanters ; Andrew Cant, the " Aposde of 
the Covenant/' the fieriest of ecclesiastical demagogues ; and 
above all, Dr. William Forbes, afterwards first Bishop of 
Edinburgh, the author of Constderationes Modesta^ a divine 
of European reputation and as holy as he was learned. 

That was the great period of the history of S. Nicholas' : 
if I am debarred from expatiating on its glories, I am spared 
the detail of its disasters, when the Covenanters of 1640 nipped 
as with a killing frost the fairest promise of a native school of 
Theology that Scodand has ever seen. There was again some 
measure of revival after the Restoration. It showed itself alike 
in gifts to the fabric — it was at this time that the tapestries of 
Mary Jameson,^ which form so unique and interesting an 
ornament of the West Church, were purchased for the church 
by the Town Council (1686). In the pulpit, Geoige Garden, 
the friend of Scougal, was no unworthy successor of Baron and 
of Forbes. But again there came a blight — the Revolution of 
1688 : the ministers were deprived, and a very large proportion 
of the congregation went out with them. The churches after 
this were miserably filled, and there were no ministers of note, 
till Culloden, and the penal laws which followed, reduced the 
Scottish Nonjurors to " the shadow of a shade," * and the rise 
of Moderatism began to present Presbyterianism in a light 
which, whether better or worse, was more acceptable to 
the folk of Aberdeen. Dr. George Campbell, of the Essay 



^ For an account of them, see Transactions of the Aberdeen Ecciesiological Society ^ 
iSgo, pp, 2-5. 

' Guy Manneringf chap, zxzvii. 



PREFACE. xlv 

an Miracles^ and Dr. Alexander Gerard, of the Pastoral 
Care^ who were colleagues in S. Nicholas* in 1758, were 
men whose character and talents commended their views to 
several generations of Northern ministers. Again there was 
an outflow of liberality towards S. Nicholas'. The Old 
Church, or nave, neglected after the Revolution, and 
possibly not needed, became ruinous, and was abandoned in 
1 732. The lead was afterwards stripped from its roof, some of 
its carved seats were removed to the East Kirk (as the *' New 
Church" was now beginning to be called) and others to 
Greyfriars, where the congregation worshipped : in 1 742 the 
ancient columns bowed and fell, and though in 1746 the 
building could still serve the Duke of Cumberland, who was 
pursuing the retreating Jacobites, as a magazine for his cavalry's 
provender, it is spoken of as ''quite ruinous". It remained 
in ruins till 1751, when the magistrates, who had already 
obtained ''gratuitously" a plan for a new church from a 
distinguished Aberdonian, James Gibb,^ of London, the first 
British architect of his day, contracted for the erection of the 
present West Church, which was opened for public worship on 9th 
November, 1755.* Shorter by seventeen feet than its predecessor, 
it is of the same width ; and, making allowance for the difference 
between the Romanesque of the Twelfth Century, and the 
** Roman Classical " of the Eighteenth (both styles were really 
efforts after the same thing), it is not very different from the 
church it superseded. It is an aisled nave of five bays, 
separated by Tuscan piers supporting Roman arches. The piers 
are ornamented in front with pilasters, the base of which range 
with the bottom of the gallery front,' so that the lower part of 

' The architect of S. Martin's, Trafalgar Square, London, and of the Radcli£fe 
Libiary at Oxford. The West Church of S. Nicholas was his latest work. 

* Kennedy, Annals^ it. 

* The church was designed to have galleries, but not to be seated in the aisles 
beneath theoi. 



xlvi PREFACE. 

the pier becomes a basement. The arches are surmounted by 
a plain archivolt ; while above run a continuous architrave and 
cornice, breaking over the pilasters. The ceiling is elliptical — 
a barrel vault of wood and plaster: but no plaster is visible 
elsewhere — the beautifully dressed freestone, now toned to a 
solemn grey, being shown throughout. The stairs at the four 
corners are so treated as to be themselves ornaments ; while a 
low, wide, wooden arch skilfully introduced under the west 
gallery greatly enhances the effect on entering the church. 
The original woodwork is no less admirable — the gallery fronts, 
\he magistrates' seat in the east gallery, of dark oak, with an 
elegant canopy supported by four Corinthian pillars surmounted 
by a broken pediment bearing in the centre the arms of the city, 
gilded, and the panelled, hexagonal pulpit, with flower-carved 
back surmounted by a sounding-board, ogee-roofed, whose archi- 
trave, frieze, modillion cornice, and every moulding, are enriched 
by carving. Just one touch was wanting to give lightness to 
the whole : it was supplied by a dainty open rail, like a border 
of lace on a velvet dress, which formerly ran along all the 
divisions of the pews. This was unfortunately removed some 
years ago, except at the old choir seat : it ought to be restored 
throughout. The church within recent years has been provided 
with a permanent Communion Table, designed in oak, after an 
example at Bois-Sainte-Marie (Sa6ne-et-Loire) ;* a brass eagle 
lectern ; a fine organ in the east gallery — the pulpit stands 
on one side, against a pillar, with the Holy Table in front 
of it ; and two good stained glass windows. Some stalls 
for the clergy are not so happy. There is also a clock in 
a fine old lacquered case; while Mary Jameson's tapestries 
are displayed on a screen at the west entrance. The church 
is further adorned by the fine Sixteenth Century monumental 

1 A work of the Eleventh Century, figured in Audsley's Dictiomtly of 
Archikciur^, i. 50. 



PREFACE. xlvii 

brass of Dr. Liddell, and by two monumental tablets of 
the Eighteenth Century, one a very graceful work by Bacon, 
another from the chisel of Westmacott. There are other tablets 
on the walls ; and in the window-sills lie fragments of two ancient 
Gothic tombstones bearing incised crosses,* and four mediaeval 
effigies — two of them of Colisons — from the old church. 
The exterior of the West Church is very simple, the only 
ornaments being the cornice, the quoins at the comers, and the 
squared rustics at the three doors, each of which is approached 
by four steps. But the whole building is scholarly, and exhibits 
the genius of the architect not less than some of his more 
popular and elaborate works. 

The choir, or New Church — ^what it was in the beginning 
of the century is described by Logan in Appendix V. — survived 
to the fourth decade of the present century, when it was pulled 
down because it was old} One cannot but owe some grudge to 
an architect who was "art and part" in the demolition of what 
remained of the two finest ancient parish churches of the North 
of Scotland — S. Giles* at Elgin, and the Choir of S. Nicholas at 
Aberdeen, but it must be confessed that the East Church, as 
rebuilt by Mr. Archibald Simpson in 1837-8, has a dignity, 
simplicity, and even grace, by no means common in the "Gothic" 
of that time. Moreover, Simpson spared S. Mary's Chapel and 
fitted it up with carved oak from the old choir.* He spared 

1 These were found in the old tower on its demolition after the fire of 1874. 
They had been broken up and used as building material. A description of them was 
communicated by Mr. Alex. Walker to the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (1877). 

* And because Dr. Murray had got the ntw North Church built for him, and 
Dr. Foote, the minister of the East Church, did not like to be behind him I 

' The Lower Church, or S. Mary*s Chapel, consists of a nave with north and 
sooth aisles of one bay each, the nave being prolonged eastward by a semi -octagonal 
apse,' from which it is separated by a strong, low, round arch. The other arches 
art pointed. The chapel is vaulted throughout in stone : the spaces between the ribs 



xlvtfi PREFACE. 



too the ancient tower and steeple ; and if he turned CoHson's 
Aisle — the north transept — into a coal-cellar, he left it in such a 
state that his successors were able to reveal its ancient features. 



have apparently been always plastered. The ribs spring either from massive wall- 
piers — there are no detached pillars~-or from corbels. The whole is of granite ; but 
intractable as the material is, there is a good deal of rude yet not ineffective 
sculpture. The capitals, indeed, have the most rudimentary of mouldings; but 
several of the corbels are carved with human heads — one, in the north aisle, showing 
no fewer than three. Grouped beside the two main piers are the figures of a woman, 
on one side, and a rat on the other-r-illustrating, so tradition said, the clearing of a 
poor woman from the charge of stealing a silver pyx by its discovery in a rat*s hole. 
At the intersections of the groins there are four bosses— that in the north aisle 
bore apparently the arms of the city, the " cats," or loopards, which support the 
shield, are still distinct enough ; that in the south aisle shows an angel awkwardly 
holding three shields, of which the central bears the arms of Provost Alexander 
Chalmers (1478). Above where stood the Altar of our Lady of Piety a small circular 

boss with flowered moulding keeps her monogram MA. : while a larger boss in the nave 
vault contrives to exhibit all the main features in the legend of S. Nicholas. The saint 
is seated : at his feet, on one side, are the two children whom the pork-dealer had cut 
up and salted, whom the saint, to the murderer's confusion, raised from the dead. 
Two angels on either side of S. Nicholas hold the purses wherewith he dowered the 
daughters of a poverty-stricken nobleman, thus saving them from a life of infamy. 
With their other hands, the angels support something (the boss is broken here) over the 
saint's head. This may refer, either to the legend commemorated in the Sequence 
of S. Nicholas (Appendix IV.), and pourtrayed in Paul Veronese's picture, of the angels 
by whom his call to the episcopate was declared ; or to the Eastern story, that the 
saint having at the Council of Nice expressed his abhorrence of the blasphemies of 
Arius by striking the heresiarch on the mouth, and having been put under arrest in 
consequence, was visited in his cell by angels who brought to him his episcopal 
insignia in token that his zeal was approved in heaven 1 (This boss is figured in the 
frontispiece to the present volume.) The Lower Church was originally entered frx>m 
the choir, or Upper Church, by stairs leading down from the choir aisles into its 
aisles : the archway which spanned one of those entrances has just been cleared of 
the lath and plaster which concealed it since 1838 ; it is round, but its inner arch is 
very slightly pointed. 

After the Reformation, the Lower Church speedily became a mere receptacle 
for lumber. As a place of detention for the unfortunate creatures condemned for 
witchcraft, it bears in the end of the Sixteenth Century and the beginning of the 
Seventeenth, the too appropriate name of " the Pity Vault ". When Bp. Pokocke 
visited Aberdeen in the middle of the last century it was a plumber's shop : then for a 
while it had more fitting use as the Gaelic Chapel ; in 181 8 it was the soup-kitchen, 



PREFACE. xliX 

An opportunity of doing so was afforded in 1874 by a fire which 
completely gutted the East Church and the transepts.* Much 
was lost on that occasion — costly stained glass in the apse, a 
ceiling beautifully painted by Cottier, the ancient oaken steeple, 
and " Lawrence " and " Maria," bells of price and melody which 
for five hundred years had summoned the citizens of Aberdeen 
to prayer. The architects to whom the work of restoration was 
entrusted, the late Messrs. William and John Smith, loyally 
foUowed in the East Church and the south transept Simpson's 
lines, and left as the memorial of their own taste a restored 
Colison's Aisle, and the magnificent tower and spire of granite 
which now rises above the crossing. In the East Church, as in 
the West, the Holy Table has been restored to its place of 
honour ; an organ peals from the west gallery ; a stained glass 
window has been inserted to the memory of a young archaeolo- 
gist of much promise, the late Mr. Charles Carmichael ; and fine 
plate and other ornaments have been provided — a magnificent 
silver flagon may be mentioned, and two altar-vases, the gifts 
of elders. Eleven years ago Colison's Aisle was fitted up for 

and Priest Gordon might be seen in it ladling out broth for the poor I The old 
aeasicm-hoase was demolished along with the old East Kirk in 1837, and S. Mary's 
was then fitted up to serve, the north aisle as vestry, the nave as session-house, and 
the sooth aisle as library. The Presbytery of Aberdeen meets in it: and the 
^ Weekly Exercise/* which has been continued with scarcely an interruption since 
1562, is held in it every Thursday. The seats, wardrobes, and desks are of carved 
oak, from the old church; and though externally it has been ''faced** with white 
granite to match the new church above it, internally it retains the appearance of 
venerable antiquity. A movement is on foot to remove the brick partitions which at 
present divide its north and south aisles from the nave, and show it in its full extent. 

> By singular good fortune there escaped the fire the cast-lead fi-ont or vallance 
of the gutter on the north gable (exterior) of Colison's Aisle. It consists of two 
parts — a frieze bearing the arms of the city alternating with leopards' heads firom the 
mootlis of which proceed conventional foliage ; and, below, a Gothic fi-inge of conven- 
tional vine leaves, which looks as if it had been cast firom wood-moulding. This 
lead wofk, which is very beautiful, must date fi-om the earlier part of the Seventeenth 
CcDtmy. It is fignred in Sir Gilbert Scott's Sketch-book, 



1 PREFACE. 

service on week-days, and there, or in S. Mary's, Morning 
Prayer has been offered daily ever since. It was the first 
revival of Daily Service in the Church of Scotland. 

The historians of Aberdeen have naturally much to say 
concerning its one ancient Parish Church. Kennedy's account 
of it {Annals of Aberdeen, ii.) is full, and in the main correct. 
Unfortunately the Book of Bon-Accord, which is only a fragment, 
does not deal with it. There are many references to it in the 
publications of the old Spalding Club. I may mention the two 
volumes of Burgh Records, with Dr. John Stuarts Preface ; 
Walter CuUen's "Chronicle of Aberdeen" in the Miscellany of the 
Spalding Club, ii. ; the Description of Both Touns of Aberdeen^ 
with Preface by Mr. Cosmo Innes; and the Collections for the 
Shires of Aberdeen and Banff, made by Joseph Robertson. In 
the Selections from the Ecclesiastical Records of Aberdeen are 
copious extracts from the records of the Kirk Session of S. 
Nicholas', from November, 1562, when the court was constituted, 
till 1659. The unpublished records from the Restoration 
downward are complete, well-written, and by no means barren 
of interesting entries — particularly at the periods of the Revolu- 
tion and of " Mar's Rising" (17 15). The diary of Mr. Bisset, 
one of the ministers of the church at the time of the more cele- 
brated " attempt" of 1745-6, is in the Miscellany of the SpcUding 
Club ; and notices of the church at that date, and of Mr. Bisset 
himself, occur in Ray's, Henderson's, and Merchant's Histories 
of the Rebellion} The early General Assemblies held at 
Aberdeen — ^most of them in S. Nicholas' — have their record in 
the Booke of the Universal Kirk of Scotland, and in the pages 
of the Church historians, Spottiswoode, Row, and Calderwood. 
Dr. Grub, in his Ecclesiastical History of Scotland, gives due 
prominence always to what was done at Aberdeen. The Rev. 

1 See also Scotland and Scotsmen : Ocktcrtyre MSS,, i. 303-306. 



PREFACE. H 

Mr. Lippe's monumental edition of WodrovJs Biographical 
CoUections contains accounts of four eminent ministers of S. 
Nicholas' in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, John 
Craig, and Bishops David Cunningham, Peter Blackburn, 
and William Forbes ; serftions of Doctors Baron, Sibbald 
Guild, and Ross are in the Funerals of Bp. Patrick Forbes; an 
Inquiry into the Life of Dr. Guild vi^s written by his successor 
at S. Nicholas' in the next century, Dr. James Shirreffs ; and 
a complete list of the post- Reformation ministers down to 1850 
is given in Hew Scot's FcLsti EccUsia Scoticana. A very 
valuable series of papers — ** Epitaphs and Inscriptions in the 
Church and Churchyard of S. Nicholas" — was contributed by 
Mr. A. M. Munro to Scottish Notes and Queries. Mr. Rettie's 
"Sanct Nicolas" {Aberdeen Herald^ 1876) is a series of annotated 
extracts referring to the ^ church in the period from 1 700-1 711 ; 
the late Mr. Andrew Gibb* contributed (1876) several elaborate 
articles on the " Antiquities of S. Nicholas' " to the Aberdeen Free 
Press ; and the present Minister of the West Parish, the Rev. 
Dr. Mitford Mitchell, described the West Kirk in the pages of 
Life and Work. In the Proceedings of the Society of Anti- 
quaries of Scotland {iSjS-y) are a paper by Mr. Alex, Walker on 
"A Sculptured Stone found in the Church of S. Nicholas, Aber- 
deen " (the Gothic cross above referred to), and another by Mr. 
Gibb on its " Monumental Brasses ". Mr. Walker has published 
also The Paroch Kirk of S. NichoUis — a beautifully illustrated 
quarto (1876), and a Description of the Tapestries of the Church 
of S. Nicholas (1877) : he edited, too, the Selected Writings of 
fohn Ramsay, including five chapters on the church. The Rev. 
Duncan Campbell's paper, " Church Music in Aberdeen," in 
the Transactions of the Aberdeen Ecclesiological Society (1887), 

^ Mr. Gibb had in view what would have been an exhaustive work on the 
Church of S. Nicholas. Copious notes, which he had prepared, and some drawings, 
were courteously lent me by his son. 



lii PREFACE. 

contains many curious particulars in reference to the services 
in S. Nicholas', both before and after the Reformation. 

The oldest View of S. Nicholas' is that in Parson Gordon's 
Map of Aberdeen (1661) : there is a second in Paterson's Map 
(1746) ; a third in Mossman's painting of the city (1756) : all in. 
the Town-house of Aberdeen ; where there is also a ** View 
of Wallace Nook," showing the east end of the old East Kirk : 
the steep gable of the church, pierced above the apse with a 
single short lancet, is surmounted by an urn-shaped ornament, 
and the roof of the apse itself by a ball and cross. The tracery 
in the apse windows appears to be Flamboyant in character : 
the end window of the north aisle is also shown : it is of two 
lights, and pointed. The print is undated ; it bears to have 
been drawn by Nattes, and engraved by Fittler. The best 
view of the church from the south is the frontispiece to a 
Psalmody, published by William Maitland (1823): it is an 
oblong, drawn by Booth, and engraved by Walker & Co., 
Edinburgh. It shows the West Church as at present ; the old 
tower, spire, and south transept (in tHe gable, whereof is a fine 
late-Gothic window, with five muUions rising straight from the 
sill to the top, and supported by an accoladed transom), and the 
old East Kirk, with doors struck out through two of its aisle 
windows. I bought some years ago at a sale in Aberdeen a 
water-colour drawing of Correction Wynd, with the old East 
Church in the back-ground. Like the print in the Town-house, 
it shows Flamboyant tracery in the (south-east) apse window, the 
muUions being supported by a transom. One of the windows 
of S. Mary's Chapel is also shown, and one window of the 
clerestory, which is of two lights : there are skylights in the 
roof of the south aisle, rendered necessary, no doubt, by the 
insertion of galleries. The Interior of the old East Church 
is illustrated in the Book of Bon-Accord. Other views of S. 



PREFACE. lit{ 

Nicholas* will be found in Wilson's Aberdeen; in Fraser*s 
Churches and Manses of Scotland ; in Scottish Notes and 
Queries^ vol. i. ; in Life and Work (an Interior of the West 
Church from a drawing by Sir George Reid) ; and in Old Land- 
marks of Aberdeen — three plates, representing Colison's Aisle, 
S. Mary's Chapel, and part of the Interior of the West Church. 
The first volume of this work has Colisoiis Aisle as a frontispiece, 
and Provost Davidsons Effigy y both by Sir George Reid. 



In bringing this Preface to a close I must apologise for the 

delay in the appearance of this Volume, owing to the pressure of 

pastoral duties ; and I have to acknowledge very specially the 

great assistance I have received from two other members "of the 

Club. To Mr. Alexander M. Munro, I am indebted for two 

entire Appendices (IL and III.), part of Appendix I., and 

the Index, by no means the least valuable portions of the 

work, and requiring for their production an immense amount 

of antiquarian knowledge and patient labour. Appendix II. 

is the main storehouse for the history of S. Nicholas', and 

illustrates the remarkably close connexion which subsisted 

between the Town Council and their Parish Church. Appendix 

III. exhibits how little this connexion was affected by the 

Reformation, and sheds some interesting gleams of light on 

the thought and worship of a period not too well known. Very 

touching and beautiful is the repeated entry of merchants and 

mariners bound for sea receiving, on a Thursday, the Holy 

Communion ere they sailed. Mr. Munro has helped me besides 

in many a difficulty, and has cheered my toil by unfailing kindness. 

To the unwearied Secretary of the Club, Mr. P. J. Anderson, I owe 

another Appendix (V.) and part of Appendix I. : he searched the 

Registers of the Town Council, the Cathedral, and King's College; 

h 



liv PREFACE. 

he transcribed Logan's manuscript ; he helped in the reading of 
the proofs, and he saw to all matters connected with the illustration 
and binding of the volume, Mr. Wight Duff gave me some aid at 
certain points in the translation. The Rev. Mr. Lippe took the 
trouble to revise my Appendix on the Masses ; Mr. Honeyman 
of Glasgow was kind enough to look over my argument as to the 
age of the transepts of S. Nicholas* ; Mr. W. Kelly assisted me 
in the architectural descriptions ; Sir William Geddes procured 
for me from eminent friends of his the notes on that curious List 
of Kings ; and the late Dr. Grub, the Nestor of our Northern 
antiquaries, supplied me with not a little information. On his 
death-bed he expressed to me his interest in this work. Nor 
can I ever forget my bright young helper in the transcription of 
the MSS., Mr. John Farquhar Thomson, M.A., whose early 
death (ist March, 1889) was the quenching for this world of 
what promised to be a light of no common ray. 

My thanks are also <lue to the Town Council for their 
courtesy in permitting me to use the Magistrates' room while 
executing the translation of the Chartulary ; and to the Society 
of Advocates for permission to print the text of Logan's manu- 
script, and to lithograph a selection of its drawings. 



J. C 



Aberdeen, November^ 1892. 



ALTARS IN THE CHURCH OF S. NICHOLAS, 

ABERDEEN. 

1. S. Nicholas (The High Altar), dating from the foundation of 
the Church, • 

2. S. John the Evangelist, founded 1277 

3. S. James, 1340 

4. SS. Lawrence and Ninian, 1355 

5. Holy Cross (The Brown Cross), ...... 1357 

6. S. Ann, before 1358 

7. & Leonard, 1359 

8. SS. Duthac and Bridget, . • . . . founded 1359 

9. S. Katherine the Virgin, 1360 

0. S. Salvator, 143 1 

1. S. Michael, 1440 

2. SS. Mary and Joseph,^ before 1444 

3. S. Stephen, founded 1445 

4- Sl Sebastian, 1452 

5. S. Peter, 1455 

6. S. Christopher, re-founded 1470 

7. S. Elqy, . 1472 

8. Holy Cross (Rude Altar, on rood-loft), . chaplains appointed 1472 

9. S. Andrew, founded 1473 

20. S. Maxy Magdalene, 1479 

21. Holy Blood, before 1480 

22. S. Martin, 1480 

23. S. John Baptist, i486 

24. S. Leonard, 1489 

25. SS. Thomas the Apostle, and George, . . founded 1491 

> This is the altar in the south transept, not in the crypt. S. Joseph's name 
occufm ottu associated in this altar with S. Mary's. See Appendix I., p. 267. 



Ivi CLERGY OF S. NICHOLAS*. 

26. SS. Crispin and Crispinian, . chaplain appointed 1495 

27. SS. Mungo and Tovine, . . . leave given to build 1502 

28. S. Barbara, founded . 1509 

29. Name of Jbsus, 1520 

30. The Three Kings, before 152^ 

31. S. Mary of Piety (crypt),* before 1528 

32. S. Helen,' 

33. S. Margaret,' 

CLERGY OF S. NICHOLAS'. 

No complete list of the Pre- Reformation clergy has come down to us. 
The names of such of the Vicars, Curates, and Chaplains as are preserved in 
the Chartulary or the Burghal Records will be found in the Index: the 
Chaplains are given under the Altars at which they served. 

* The altar was no doubt as old as the crypt. 

' Mentioned by Kennedy, but I have found no record of it. 

* I have met with a notice of this altar, but am now unable to verify it. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

PAQB 

Preface vii-liv 

L Of the embassy sent by Julius .... i 

II. Of the answer sent to Julius by letter . * . . 2 

III. Renunciation by King Edward III. of all right 

of superiority over the kingdom of Scotland, 

1st March, 132® 3 

IV. Charter by King James II. relieving the merchants 

and burgesses of Aberdeen of all customs on 
salt and skins, 6th December, 1452 . . 5 

V. Charter by King James III. to the burgh of 
Aberdeen of the lands of Cruives (of Don), 
26th October, 1465. (Abstract) ... 6 

VI. Sasine of the lands of Cruives, 25th June, 1466 . 7 

VII. Sale of the lands of Cruives, 12th January, I4g . 7 

VIII. Confirmation by King James III. given to John 

Bannerman, burgess of Aberdeen, over the 
lands of Cruives, 2nd April, 1465 ... 8 

IX. Concerning the benefactors of the church, 1340-62 8 

X. Charter by William Scherar, formerly provost of 
Aberdeen, endowing of the altar of S. Duthac, 

31st July, 1464 17 

Fragments — 

A. Charter by William Meldrum endowing the altar 

of SS. Lawrence and Ninian ... 19 

B. Confirmation . • . ten pounds to the church of 

the Friars (Preachers) 20 

C. Fragment of a charter 23 

D. Fragment of a charter 23 

£. Fragment of a charter 23 



Iviii CONTENTS. 

PAQB 

F. Letter of sasine given to the chaplain of the altar 

of S. Ann on the part of Mr. John Finlay . . 24 

G. Fragment of charter (of the altar) of S. Sebastian • 25 
H. Fragment of a charter 26 

I. Fragment of a charter 27 

XI. Foundation by the late Thomas Prat of good 
memory, burgess of Aberdeen, endowing the 
altar of SS. Thomas and George, iSth April, 

1491 28 

XII. Foundation by John Stoker endowing the altar of 

SS. Crispin and Crispinian .... 30 
XIIL Chalice, vestments, etc., presented by Thomas 

Prat to the altar of SS. Thomas and George 31 
XIV. Inventory of articles belonging to the altar of the 

Holy Cross, 1498 31 

XV. Charter by William Meldrum endowing the altar 

of S. Ninian, 17th August, 1490 • • • 32 
XVI. Letters of baillie and possession on the foresaid 

charter, 17th August, 1490 • • • • 33 
XVII. Charter of Mr. Duncan Scherar of Betscharar to 

Andrew Ranison of certain lands burdened 
with a payment to chaplains, loth May, 1496 33 
XVIII. Minuteofcourtofchamberlain'sayre, 19th July, i486 34 
XIX. Obit for Mr. Duncan Scherar • • • • 35 
XX. Charter by William Chalmer of Fyndon endowing 

the altar of S. Salvator, 12th September, 1431 36 
XXI. Charter by the same endowing the altar of S. 

Katherine, 29th September, 1417 • • • 37 
XXII. Presentation of a chaplain to the altar of S. 

Ninian, 9th June, 1495 39 

XXIII. Charter by William Futhes to the vicar and 

chaplains of the choir of two annual rents, 

i8th May, 1500 39 

XXIV. Letters of possession to the altar of S. Christopher 

of the annual rents founded by the late John 
Mathewson, iSth September, 1470 ... 40 



CONTENTS. lix 

XXV. Rental of the altar of S. John the Evangelist, 1501 41 
XXVI. Rental of the chaplaincy of the altar of S. 

Katherine, 5th March, 150^ . . . . 43 . 

XXVII. Rental of S. Peter's altar 43 

XXVIII. Charter by Thomas Chalmer of Murthill endowing 

altar of S. Katherine, 24th March, 143^ . . 44 
XXIX. Charter by William of Strabrock endowing altar of 

S. James, '25th March, 1340 . . • • 46 
XXX. Presentation of Alexander Club to chaplaincy of 

the altar of the Holy Cross,30th September,i46i 47 
XXXI. Attestation by the burgh of Alexander Howyson's 

endowment of the altar of the Holy Cross, 

30th September, 1461 47 

XXXII. Decreet by burgh court in dispute between Sir 

Alexander Club and Sir John Modane, 1471 49 

XXXIII. Rental of the revenues of the altar of the Blessed 

Virgin Mary, drawn up in the provostship of 
John Vaus, 1444 51 

XXXIV. Presentation of Mr. Alexander Fyf to the chaplaincy 

of the altar of S. Mary, 14th December, 1484 55 
XXXV. Charter by Mr. Duncan Scherar endowing the 

altar of S. Andrew in the cathedral church, 

ist March, 150^ 57 

XXXVI. Rental of the annual rents belonging to the altar 

of S. Andrew in the cathedral church of 

Aberdeen • • 61 

XXXVII. Rental of the altar of S. Duthac .... 62 
XXXVIII. Donation by Mr. Duncan Scherar to the altar of 

S. Duthac • . . • . . • 64 
XXXIX. Agreement anent obits of William Scherar and 

Isabella Rutherford, 15th November, 1488 • 64 
XL. The rental recently available for buying bread and 
wine for the consecration of the sacrament, to 
be distributed annually from day to day to each 
chaplain in the parish church of S. Nicholas 
when they are about to celebrate ... 65 



Ix CONTENTS. 



PAGE 



XLI. Rental of the annual rents belonging to the altar 

of SS. Lawrence and Ninian • ... 66 
XLII. Charter by King James IV. confirming a charter of 

Alexander Menzes (2nd July, 1500) mortifying 
the foundation of the lamp which hangs before 
the venerable sacrament, 26th November, 1503 67 
XLI II . Donation of six volumes by John Arthur,5th July,i505 71 
XLIV. Charter by David Symsoun endowing the altar of 

S. Leonard, 14th September, 1489 ... 72 
XLV. Foundation of Mr. Thomas Waus endowing altar 

of S. Martin 75 

XLVI. The revenue of the altar of the Holy Cross . . 75 
XLVII. Charter by John KnoUis endowing the altar of S. 

John Baptist, the forerunner of our Lord, 9th 

October, i486 76 

XLVI II. Charter by Angus Adamsoun endowing the altar of 

S. Michael, 23rd May, 1440 .... 77 
XLIX. Charter by Matthew Fechat endowing altar of S. 

Michael, i8th July, 1472 • ... 79 

L. Charter by John de Mar endowing altar of S. 

Andrew, loth August, 1473 • ... 82 
LI. Rental of the altar of S. Stephen • • . . 83 
LI I. Charter by Richard de Ruderfurd endowing the 

altar of S. Andrew, I2th February, 145^ • 84 
LIIL Charter by Andrew Murray, senior, endowing the 

altar of S. Salvator, nth April, 1497 • • 86 
LIV, Charter by Andrew Murray endowing altar of S. 

Salvator, 4th June, 1505 .... 89 
LV. Precept of sasine by Alexander Irvine of Drum on 
endowment to altar of S. Ninian, 29th Novem- 
ber, 1456 90 

LVI. Feu charter: curate and chaplains of the choir to 

Mr. Alexander Bisset, 4th May, 1503 . 90 

LVII. Charter by Sir John Pratt endowing altar of SS. 

Thomas, apostle, and George, martyr, 23rd 
December, 1503 91 



CONTENTS. Ixi 



PAOB 



LVIII. Charter by Sir Andrew Coupar endowing altar of 

S. Martin, 4th November, 1506 • • • 93 
LIX. Rental of the altar of SS. Lawrence and Ninian 
founded by the late William de Leytht of 

Bem3rs 95 

LX. Rental of the altar of S. Eloy, confessor • • 96 
LXI. Charter by Alexander Gray endowing the curate 

• and chaplains of the choir, 2nd May, 1509 • 97 
LXI I. Charter by Thomas Blinseill endowing altar of S. 

Peter, 20th February, 145I .... 99 
LXI II. Charter by John de Kingome, secundus, endowing 

the vicar and chaplains, 4th February, 143^ . 102 
LXIV. Charter by Stephen de Balcrony endowing altar of 

S. Stephen, i8th March, 144^ .... 104 
LXV. Charter by Stephen Balrony endowing the altar of 
S. Stephen and lamps for the altars of S. Mary 
and S. Nicholas, 8th March, 145^ . • . 107 
LXVI. Narrative of the process of recovery of the land of 

Philip Dunbrek for the curate and chaplains, 

13th March, 151^ 108 

LXVII. Narrative of the process of recovery of the land of ^ 

Thomas Og, 5th October, 15 17 . . . no 
LXVIII. Feu charter by Mr. Thomas Chawmer to Richard 

Murray, 20th April, 1519 .... in 
LXIX. Charter by James Colisone endowing the curate 

and chaplains of the choir, 14th December, 1 5 19 112 
LXX. Charter by John Litstar endowing the curate and 

chaplains of the choir, 5th April, 1512 . . 114 
LXXI. Donation of Mr. David Men^nes for the chaplains' 

clergyhouse, 24th December, 1520 . . .117 
LXXII. Foundation of a weekly mass of the Five Wounds 

by Thomas Waus, i6th February, 1520 . • 118 
LXXIIL Charter by Walter Blair founding an anniversary, 

5th May, 1522 120 

LXXI V. Charter by John Waus endowing curate and chap- 
lains of choir, 2nd August, 1522 • • 121 



Ixii CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

LXXV. Pen charter by curate and chaplains of choir to 

John Neilsoun, 30th July, 1520 . . 124 

LXXVI. Charter by William Philipsone endowing the vicar 

and chaplains of the choir, 5th March, 152^ • 125 
LXXVI I. Instrument of possession to annual rent given by 

the late William Blinsele, 28th May, 1524 127 

LXXVIII. Charter by John Arthur endowing altar of the name 

of Jesus, 14th August, 1520 . . • • 128 
LXXIX. Instrument of possession to annual rent given by 

John Blak, nth December, 1524 . . 129 

LXXX. Confirmation of the charter of Alexander Petkarine 

of Mondinis, 22nd March, 148^ . . . 131 
LXXXI. Poundation of Janet Craufiird, 13th December, 

1526 133 

LXXXI I. Poundation of Alexander and Gilbert Malysone, 8th 

September, 1519 ...... 135 

LXXXIIL Poundation of John Murray 136 

LXXXIV. Deed of gift by Mr. John Clat founding the hospital 

of S. Thomas the martyr, 28th May, 1459 . 136 
LXXXV. Charter by Richard de K)mtor endowing the 

hospital of S. Thomas, 4th July, 1459 139 

LXXXVI. Peu charter by John Vans 141 

LXXXVII. Peu charter by curate and chaplains to Alexander 

Rutherford, 6th August, 1530 .... 142 
LXXXVIII. Charter by Patrick Oordoun of Methlic endowing 

the curate and chaplains of the choir, 3rd June, 

1529 ^43 

LXXXIX. Peu charter by curate and chaplains to Andrew 

Durty, loth March, 1533 • . .144 

XC. Deed of gift by Mr. David Mehzeis, 21st July, 1528 145 

XCI. Deed of gift by Dame Margaret Chalmer, i8th 

January, 153? 147 

XCIL Charter by David Anderson endowing the curate 

and chaplains of the choir, 27th May, 1536 X48 

XCIII. Charter by Mr. Thomas Wauss endowing altar of 

S. Martin, 30th March, 1480 • . • .150 



CONTENTS. Ixiil 

PAOB 

XCIV. Charter by William Cowpar endowing the curate 

and chaplains of the choir, 4th August, 1538 . 152 
XCV. Charter of Sir David Waus, December, 1539 . 155 
XCVI. CharterofHenrydeLeythtofBarni8,i4thMay,i44i 156 
XCVII. Charter of the foundation of Henry Leytht of 

Bamis, 14th May, 1441 .... 157 
XCVIII. Charter of Henry Leytht, 4th May, 1440 . . 158 
XCIX. Charter of Nicholas Baxstar, 2nd April, 1527 . 160 
C. Common rental of the chaplains of the church of 
S. Nicholas of Aberdeen of the annual rents in 

which they are infeft 161 

CI. Charter of Sir David Waus, 4th October, 1549 . 176 
CII. Feu charter of the whole tenement of S- Peter's 
altar, by Mr. David Waus, chaplain, 4th 

October, 1549 177 

Cni. Letter of annual pension of six merks made to the 
chaplains of the choir of S. Nicholas by the 
provost, baillies, councillors, and community, 
from the Justice Mills, for the celebration and 
support of a mass of the Body of Christ, 8th 

May, 1508 179 

CIV. Benefactors of the church of S. Nicholas . . 180 
CV. Obit of Mr. Robert Schand, 12th January, 154® . 181 
CVI. Sale of property by the curate and chaplains of the 

choir, loth May, 1539 184 

CVIL Benefactors of the church of S. Nicholas . . 185 
CVIII. Rental of the obits and anniversaries founded by 

certain men of good memory, etc., and assigned 
to the vicar and chaplains of the college of the 
parish church of S- Nicholas. Written by the 
hand of Sir John Stirueling, N.P., 6th October, 

1491 186 

CIX. Foundation of a lamp by Provost Alexander 

Menkes, 24th September, 1498 . . . 203 
ex. Foundation of a requiem mass at the altar of S. Mary 

for Sir William Elphinstone, Parson of Clat . 204 



Ixiv CONTENTS. 



PAGE 



CXI. Disposal of land to John Simpson by the curate 

and chaplains, 7th January, 150I . . . 204 
CXII. Charter of John Mair founding an anniversary at 

the altar of S. Mary, 26th May, 1538 . 205 

CXIII. Sale of land by the curate and chaplains, 20th July, 

1507 207 

CXIV. Charter of William Gareuach to the altar of S. 

Ninian, 21st October, 1495 .... 207 
CXV. Foundation of Margaret Craufurd of an anniversary 
for Alexander Reid of Pitfoddels, 8th June, 

1508 208 

CXVI. Rental and addition of obits and anniversaries 

assigned to the curate and chaplains of the 
parish church of S. Nicholas, 150^ . .210 
CXVI I. Foundation of Mr. John Baidenagh, 20th July, 

1512 213 

CXVIII. Obit of Mr. John Baidenagh 215 

CXIX. Foundation of George Quhytte at the altar of S. 

John the Baptist, 27th March, 1542 . 216 

CXX. Foundation of Mr. Robert Schand for daily mass 

at the altar of S. Ann, 12th July, 1542 217 

Donation of a chalice to altar of S. Ann, 20th 

February, 15^ 220 

CXXI. Sale of land to Donald Lyndsey by the provost, 

curate, and chaplains, ist September, 1545 . 221 
CXXI I. Information handed to the chaplains of Aberdeen 

respecting Divine worship and their adminis- 
tration thereof by Ingeram Lindesay, bishop 
of Aberdeen ; confirmed also by Bishop Thomas 

Spens 222 

CXXIII. Statute concerning the absence of chaplains from 

various offices, 5th September, 1518 . 224 

CXXIV. Statutes for the maintenance of Divine service, 1491 226 
CXXV. Statutes for sixteen chaplains in the college of S. 

Nicholas made by William Elphinstone, bishop 
of Aberdeen, in his general chapter . . •231 



CONTENTS. ' Ixv 

PAGB 

CXXVI. Act confirming statutes, 14th July, 1519 233 
CXXVIL Act confirming statutes as to conduct of chaplains, 

ist October, 1530 236 

CXXVIII. Charter of Sir John Waus, 22nd April, 155a . . 237 
CXXIX. Confirmation of sale by James Huntar of land 

formerly belonging to the chaplains, 8th July, 

1574 239 

CXXX. Foundation by Sir John Waus of a Sunday mass 

at the altar of S. Martin, 22nd April, 1553 . 241 

CXXXI. Instrument of sasine by Sir John Waus, 23rd 

April, 1553 242 

CXXXII. Legacy of a breviary by Sir John Litster, chaplain 243 

CXXXIII. Donations by Mr. William Howe, 1492 . . . 244 

CXXXI V. Charter of Andrew Buck of fishings at the Fords of 

Dee, 1st March, 155I 245 

List of kings, etc 247 

Note on list of kings 250 



APPENDICES. 

I. Charters and other writs relative to feu-duties of 
the chaplains of S. Nicholas Church, etc. 
A (1-53). From the charter room of the Town 

Council of Aberdeen 255 

B (1-19). From the charter room of King's 

College, Old Aberdeen .... 298 
C (1-9). From the Registrum Episcopatus Aber- 

donensis, 1294-1507 313 

II. Extracts from the register of Town Council, 1407- 

1614 323 

III. Extracts fi-om the kirk and bridge work accounts, 

1571-1600 382 

IV. On the masses specially referred to in the Chartulary 399 

1. Of the Trinity 405 

2. Of the Five Wounds 407 

3. Of the Name of Jesus 410 



Ixvi CONTENTS. 

PAOK 

4. Of the Commemoration of the Holy Ghost . 418 

5. Of S. Ann 420 

6. Notes on the other special masses . 423 

7. Of S. Nicholas 426 

V. '' An accurate and minute description of the East 

Kirk, 1818/' by James Logan .... 444 

Index 464 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Sculptured boss showing S. Nicholas from ceiling of S. Mary's 

Chapel Frontispiece 

Mural tablet — Blinsel Monument in Drum's Aisle. to face page 192 
Illustrations to Logan's description of the East Kirk to face page 462 
Plate I. Monuments (i) to Sir John Rutherford of 

Tarlandy and (2) Provost Robert Blinshell. 
Plate IL Monuments (3) to Provost Andrew Cullen, and 

(4) Thomas Menzies of Pitfoddels and 
Marjory Reid, his spouse. 
Plate III. Carved woodwork of old seats (5-7). 
Plate IV. „ „ (8-11). 

Plate V. „ „ (12-14). 

Plate VI. Carved woodwork of old seats, showing Menzies' 

Arms (15-18). 
Plate VII. Carved woodwork of old seats, showing Chalmers' 

Arms (19-21). 
Plate VIII. Carved woodwork of old seats, showing Arms 

of Sir George Skene (22-23). 
Plate IX* Carved border, entablature, pillar, panel of door, 

etc. (24-30). 



CHARTULARY OF THE CHURCH OF SAINT 

NICHOLAS OF ABERDEEN. 

I. 

Of the Embassy sent by Julius.^ 

Accordingly, the Scots and Picts were set at one by this reasonable 

peace, and reigned, for a long time subsequently, each content with the 

linuts of their respective kingdoms, and neither inflicting any annoyance 

or injury on the other. The Britons, again, at that time, had monarchs 

ivho, far from harassing the nations around them, on all sides, by 

lawless hostilities, preserved, by their unvarying clemency and kindness, 

mutual harmony with all men. While, then, all the island nations in 

the north-west enjoyed such peaceful harmony, Gains Julius Caesar, 

who, together with Lucius Bibulus, became Roman consul in A.u.c. 

693, having made a bridge, crossed the Rhine, and struck terror 

throughout all Germany, and nearly the whole of Gaul lying between 

the Alps, the Rhone, the Rhine, and the sea ; and after he had, in nine 

years, subdued that most ferocious nation of the Gauls, he turned his 

arms against the Britons, to whom, says Eutropius, the Romans had 

not theretofore been knoMm, even by name. Bede writes : — Britannia, 

indeed, had never been visited by the Romans, and was unknown to 

them before the time of Gaius Julius Caesar ; who, being consul with 

Lucius Bibulus, after having daunted or subdued the nations of the 

Germans and Gauls, compelled Cassibellaunus, the king of the 

Britons, to surrender. Cassibellaunus, says Geoffrey, promised Julius 

Caesar a yearly tribute of three thousand pounds of silver. In A.u.c. 

703, or B.C. 49, Caesar, after having conquered the Britons, wishing to 

' Nos. I. and II. oonttttute chapters xiv. and xv. in the Second Book of John of 
Fovdwi'* CkrouUU of the Scottish Naiion. The translation given here is that of Mr. Felix 
J. H. Slcene. (HtMiorians of Scoiiand, vol. iv., pp. 43-5.) 

A 



2 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

subject the kings of the north country to a similar yoke^ first sent 
envo3r8 on beforei to expound the conditions he wished them to observe ; 
and, traversing Britannia, he reached the Scottish sea, by which the 
Britains were, at that time, separated from the Scots, and intrenched 
himself for some time with a large army on the shore of that tide. In 
the meantime, he addressed to them, that is, to the kings of the Scots 
and Picts, by his ambassadors, two letters, one kindly, and the other 
harshly, worded ; with instructions that, if they, as though perchance 
unmindful of their own welfare, should, with knitted brows, stubbornly 
reject the former, the ambassadors should present the other, breathing 
war and discord. 

11. 

Of the Answer sent to Jtdius by Letter. 

Now, when the kings had heard the ambassador, they were exceed- 
ingly indignant, and, having agreed as to the terms of their answer, 
they curtly wrote back on this wise : — " We, the kings of the Scots and 
Picts, to Julius, the Procurator of the Roman citizens, with one voice 
wish, Welfare and Peace — if indeed thou know the things of peace and 
welfare " ; — and so forth, down to this sentence : " Think not, O 
Caesar, that thou canst entice us, like children, by the blandishments 
of cajolery like this — ^that thou canst succeed in leading us astray, to 
wander in that most loathsome vale of slavery, along a path impassable, 
crooked, rough, and horrible to every noble-hearted man ; leaving the 
pleasant and noble road of freedom, our birthright, a road wherein our 
fathers, sustained by help from the gods, were ever wont to walk 
straight forwards, bending neither to the right hand, nor to the left ; 
more especially as thine embassy came without those gifts which are 
well suited to those who are unsophisticated in blandishments, to wit, 
such toys as whirligigs and apples; for shallow fools yearn more 
strongly for a complimentary offering than for some one, prostrate on 
his knees, to freely offer them a kingdom. As for the threats which, 
from thy letter, one might suppose thou hadst just belched forth, we 
care little, if at all, for them, since we hope that they do not flow from 
the ordinance of the gods, but, doubtless, rather from the rash arrogance 
for which thou art notorious ; inasmuch as thee, and those whose consul 
thou proclaimest thyself, we have never offended — nay, we call the 



RENUNCIATION BV KING EDWARD III. 3 

world to witness that we do not even know you. Yet, innocent as we 
are^ thou unjustly threatenest us with war forthwith, if we do not 
pursue these paths of homage to thee — if, casting down the choice 
garland of our old nobility, which the gods forbid ! we kings, blas- 
phemers, as it were, of our own race, and a scorn to all kings, do not, 
reversing the order of reason, become the servants of citizens, and 
hasten meanly to submit, to the dismal chain of slavery, heads hitherto 
accustomed to golden crowns and kingly dignity. As, therefore, what 
thou hast just addressed to us by thine embassy seems to jar with the 
laws of both gods and men, we doubt not that the gods will straightway 
arise to our help, and to thy confusion, if thy words should be followed 
by deeds. Now, we do not write back this as if, like braggarts, to defy 
thee to battle ; but humbly, with all earnestness, entreating peace and, 
even more fervently, thy friendship, provided only the traditions of our 
forefathers are saved harmless. For, the freedom our ancestors have 
handed down to us, which we must cherish above gold and topaze, and 
which, in our judgment, far beyond all comparison transcends all 
worldly wealth, and is infinitely more precious than precious stones ; 
which our high-souled forebears have from the beginning nobly, even to 
the death, preserved untainted for us, their sons — this freedom, we say, 
shall we likewise, as not having, in our unworthiness, degenerated from 
their nature, but as strenuously imitating their standard, preserve 
inviolate for our sons after our death, and transmit to them unspotted 
by a single jot of slavishness. Farewell,*' etc. 

III. 

ReHunciation by King Edward IIL of all right of superiority over the 

Kingdom of Scotland, ist March, 132I, (Translation.) 

To ALL who shall see these present letters, Edward by the grace 
of God King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine 
(wisheth) everlasting health in the Lord. Whereas we, and certain 
our predecessors the kings of England, have essayed to obtain the 
rights of rule, dominion, or superiority over the kingdom of Scotland, 
on which account they overlong afflicted the kingdoms of England and 
Scotland, by stirring up the dire arbitrament of war. We, considering 
the murders, slaughters, crimes, destructions of churches, and ills 
innumerable which, by occasion of these wars, did manifoldly befal the 



I 

I 



4 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

inhabitants of either realm, and the blessings in which either realm 
might abound^ to their mutual profits, have knit them together with 
the stability of a perpetual peace, and by these presents will to secure 
them more surely against. the wicked attempts of such as, whether 
native or foreign, are wishful for insurrection or invasion ; and we 
grant by these present letters, for ourselves, our heirs, and our suc- 
cessors whomsoever, with the common advice, consent, and assent of 
the prelates, princes, earls, barons, and court of our kingdom in our 
Parliament, that the kingdom of Scotland throughout its proper 
marches, as they were held and kept in the times of Alexander of 
good memory. King of Scotland, deceased, shall remain forever to 
the magnificent prince the lord Robert by the grace of God King of 
Scots, our illustrious ally and most faithful friend, and to his heirs 
and successors, divided in all respects from the kingdom of England, 
in entire, free, peaceful, and undisturbed possession, without any sort 
of subjection, servitude, claim, or demand. And if we, or our prede- 
cessors, have made any claim in any way in the kingdom of Scotland 
in times past, we renounce it to the foresaid King of Scots, his heirs 
and successors; and for ourselves, our heirs, and successors, we 
dissolve absolutely all obligations, covenants, and compacts in any wise 
entered into with any of our predecessors, at any time whatever, by 
whatsoever kings or inhabitants, clerical or lay, of the said kingdom of 
Scotland, in the matter of the subjection of the kingdom of Scotland. 
And if any letters, papers, muniments, or instruments shall be found 
anywhere of running in a tenor contrary to these obligations they shall 
be held vain, useless, null, and void, and we will that they be of neither 
validity nor weight. And for the full, peaceful, and faithful obser- 
vance of all and each of the matters foresaid, we have given to our 
beloved and faithful subjects, Henry de Parciacum,* our cousin, and 
William de la Soucht, and the one or other of them, full power and 
special mandate to present the same at the sacrament at our soul's 
peril, by these our open letters. Given at York the first day of the 
month of March, in the year of grace one thousand three hundred 
and twenty-eight. 

^ Or perhaps " blessings in which either would abound from mutual acts of forbear- 
ance '* ; as compendium may mean cessation, abridgment, ^ 
•Percy? 



CHARTER TO BURGH BY KING JAMES II. 5 

IV. • 

Charter by King James II. relieving the Merchants and Burgesses of Aberdeen 
of all Customs on Salt and Skins. 6th December, 1452. {Translation,) ^ 

Jambs, by the grace of God, King of Scots, to all upright men 
of his whole realm, whether clerical or lay (wisheth) health. Know 
that we, for the singular favour which we bear towards our beloved 
merchants, burgesses, and community of our burgh of Aberdene, and 
for their gratuitous services to us hereunto manifoldly paid, have given, 
conceded, and by this our present charter have confirmed for ourselves, 
our heirs and successors forever to the foresaid burgesses and community 
of our burgh of Aberdene, and to their heirs and successors burgesses 
of the same burgh, that they for all time coming be free, absolved, and 
quit of all pa3rment of customs of salt and the skins under-written, 
called in the vulgar tongue : skorlingis, skaldingis, futefell, lentrinwar, 
kunbskynnis, todskynnys, calfsk3mnys, cunyngskynnys, ottir skynnys, 
and foomartskynnys. And the merchants and burgesses of Aberdene 
and their heirs and successors burgesses of the said burgh we absolve, 
exonerate, and quit-claim of the payment of custom of salt and the 
skins aforesaid for ourselves and our successors for ever. Further we 
will, and for ourselves and our successors concede to the said burgesses 
and community of Aberdene free power and faculty of selling, making 
merchandise of, or exchanging by excamb or otherwise, the said mer* 
chandtse of salt and skins as well with foreigners or unfree persons as 
with any others whomsoever, either within our kingdom or beyond it 
without any custom whatsoever payable by foreigners themselves or 
others whomsoever at any future time ; so that from the said salt or 
skins bought or acquired of our burgesses above-mentioned by foreigners 
themselves, no custom shall to any extent be paid, except only the 
petty custom due and wont to be paid from the said salt and skins in 
time past and heretofore by foreigners themselves and unfree persons to 
the said bui^es^s and community. Wherefore to all and sundry of 
those who have or can in future have interest herein, we give strict 
injunction that they presume to do nothing contrary in any degree to 
this our said donation, exoneration, and quit-claim, under every penalty 

' See Charters and Other Writs illustrating the History of the Royal Burgh of Aberdeen 
f Aberd., 1890), p. 35. 



6 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

which it shall be possible for them or him to incur to our royal Majesty. 
In testimony whereof we have ordered our great seal to be appended to 
the present letters that shall last for ever. Witnesses : the Reverend 
Father in Christ, William, Bishop of Glasgow ; William, Lord Creich- 
toune, our Chancellor and dearly-beloved cousin ; our beloved cousins, 
Andrew, Lord le Gray, Master of our Hospital; William, Lord 
Somervile ; Alexander de Name of Sandfurde, our Keeper of the Rolls; 
and Mr. George de Schoriswod, Chancellor of (the diocese of) Dunkeld, 
our clerk ; at Striuelyne, 6th December, 1452, in the sixteenth year of 
our reign. 

« 

Charier by King James III. to the Burgh of Aberdeen of the Lands ofCruives 

{of Don). 26th October, 1465, {A bstract.) * 

James by the grace of God King of Scots . • • know that we have 
given, and by this present charter have confirmed, to our lovites the 
provost, baillies, council, and community of our burgh of Aberdeen the 
lands of Cruives,* with their pertinents, lying within our sheriffdom of 
Aberdeen ; which lands were the hereditary possession of our lovite 
John Bannerman of Alesike,' and were freely resigned by the said John 
into our hands at Stirling before the witnesses underwritten . • . to be 
held for ever by the said provost, baillies, council, and community of 
the said burgh of us, in feu and perpetual heirship . • . under our great 
seal. Witnesses — Andrew,* Bishop of Glasgow ; Thomas,^ Bishop of 
Aberdeen ; Andrew, Lord Avandale, our Chancellor ; Colin, Earl of 
Argyle, Lord Campbell, Master gf our Hospital ; Gilbert, Lord 
Kennedy ; John, Lord Damley ; Alexander Boyd of Drumcole ; John 
Colquhon of that Ilk, Master of our Accompts, knight ; Mr. David de 
Guthrie of Kincaldrun, our Treasurer ; and Mr. Archibald Whitelaw, 
Archdeacon of Moray, our Secretary. Given at Stirling 26th October, 
1465, in the sixth year of our reign. 

1 Charters^ etc., of Aberdeen, p. 30. 

' Woodside, part of which is still held feu of the burgh. 

* Now Elsick in Kincardineshire. 

* Andrew Muirhead held the see of Glasgow from 1455 to 1473. 
' Thomas Spens, bishop of Aberdeen from 1459 to 1480. 



SALE OF LANDS OF CRUIVES. 7 

VL 

Sasine of the Lands of Cruives. 2$th June, 1466. (A bstract.y 

Notarial instrument narrating that about eleven o'clock in the 
forenoon on the 25th of June, 1466, there compeared before the notary, 
John Badenach, and other witnesses, David Duncanson, one of the 
mayors of fee appointed by John Ogston, sheriff-depute of Aberdeen, 
and, within the chief dwelling on the said lands, made over to Richard 
de K3aitor, then provost of the burgh, sasine of the lands of Cruives by 
giving him earth and stones, according to the King's charter proceeding 
on the resignation of the said lands by John Bannerman of Alesike, 
hereditary owner thereof. Present — Andrew Stewart, Robert Mason, 
William Dere, Thomas Mamoch, and Robert Gillespy, notary public. 

VII. 
Side of the Lands of Cruives. 12th January , I4g. (Abstract.)^ 

Sale by John Bannerman of Alesike to the provost, bailies, council, 
and community of the burgh of Aberdeen, all and whole his lands, 
anciently called the Smithihalch,' but at the present day called the 
Cruives, with their pertinents, and all right and claim over them . . . 
for a certain sum of money which the said provost, bailies, and council 
had already paid for the redemption, and on account of a wadset (impig- 
noracio) over the said lands by Edward Bannerman, the son and heir of the 
late John Bannerman, and also because in the vendor's own great and 
uiigent necessity they had paid him in ready money,* with which he 
holds himself well content, and free of all fear of guile, evil, or that 
the money has not been counted, makes over to the purchasers the 
whole estate to be held of our Sovereign lord the King in fee and 
peq)etual heirship, with all its moors, marshes, . • . and assigns 
them to the foresaid purchasers. In testimony whereof he appends 
his seal at the said burgh on the 12th of January, 1459*60, in 
presence of the following witnesses : — Sirs and Masters Robert Stewart, 
Vicar of the said burgh ; Alexander Young, Canon of the (Cathedral) 
Church of Aberdeen ; Alexander Bannerman, his cousin (germanus) ; 
John Voket, and Mr. John Cadiou, notary public. 

^ Charters^ #1^., ofAUrdeen^ p. 388, No. 34. ' CkarUrs, etc., of Aberdeen, p. 388, No. 31. 

* Smitkykamgh, ^ The sum is not mentioned. 



8 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

VIII. 

ConfirmaUon by King Jatnes III. given to John Bannerman, burgess of 
Aberdeen^ over the Lands ofCruives. 2nd April, 1465. {Abstract.y 

Jambs by the grace of God King of Scots, having seen read and 
inspected certain letters of John Bannerman of Alesike to his paternal 
uncle, John Bannerman, burgess of Aberdeen, concerning his lands of 
Cruives, of which the tenor follows : — {The deed, which is in English, 
is dted in full. It relates how for the sum of seven score merks Scots 
John Bannerman of Alesike had assigned to ^* my dearest eme/' John 
Bannerman, burgess of Aberdeen, the whole lands of Cruives, with 
their pertinents and rights, aye and until the assigner pays to the 
assignee, in the Church of Ellon, at two terms, that is to say, three 
score and ten merks on one day and three score and ten merks on a 
second day, or the whole seven score merks on one day, the assignee in 
the meanwhile to have all the profits of the property ; and is sealed at 
Aberdeen 13th November, 1440, before Humphrey Leask of that Ilk, 
Simon Bannerman of Balmacasy, John of Cruden, and John of Stane- 
burgh of Aberdeen.) All which the King approves and confirms, 
saving his usual rights. Witnessed under the great seal by William, 
Lord of Crechton, our Chancellor; Alexander de Levingston and 
Calentar, John de Cokbum, and William de Cranston, knights, at 
Edinburgh, 2nd April, in the fifth year of our reign. 

IX. 

Concerning the Benefactors of the Church, 1340-62. {Translation.) 

In honour, veneration, and adornment of our most holy spiritual 
Mother the Church, from whose bosom we have been bom to life and 
salvation, as the Lord in the Gospel testifies, saying to Nichodemus, 
'' Ye must be bom again : except a man be bom again of water and the 
Holy Spirit, he cannot see the kingdom of God "•* The man of earth 
may, by the water of baptism, become heavenly, and is passed from sin 
to life, from g^ilt to grace, from defilement to sanctification. And he 
who passeth through this water doth not die, but riseth again. For there 
are two births, one of the earth, and the other of heaven. Neverthe- 
less, Nichodemus had been ignorant of any birth except the earthly one, 

> Charters^ etc», of Aberdeen^ p. 388, No. 32. ' S. John iit. 5-7. 



BENEFACTORS OF THE CHURCH, 134O-62. ^ 

after the flesh from Adam and Eve ; he was as yet ignorant of the birth 
from heaven spiritually, from God and the Church.^ He had known only 
those parents who have led us unto death ; he had not known the 
parents who bear unto life. Nichodemus was thinking of the one earthly 
birth, that is, flesh of flesh, carnally from Adam and Eve. He did not 
understand the second birth from heaven, that is, spirit of Spirit, 
spiritually from Christ and the Church. The Apostle saith that '' the first 
man is of the earth earthy,"' that is, Adam ; the second man is of heaven 
heavenly, that is, Christ. From Adam, Eve ; from Christ the Church 
bad her beginning. Adam sinned ; Christ saved him. The first man 
is a sinner, the second a Saviour. Holy Church is the mother of all 
believers, whom, bom after the flesh to death and damnation, but bom 
again spiritually, she leadeth on to life and salvation. Holy Mother 
Church was prefigured in the first man ; for from the side of Adam as 
he slept was made Eve, the fleshly bride of Adam, the mother of pains 
and of damnation. So fi*om the side of Christ and His wound as He 
hung upon the Cross, sprang Holy Church, the spiritual bride of Christ, 
the mother of mercy and salvation. God opened the side of the man as 
he was sleeping without so much as wakening him fi'om his quiet 
slumber, and thereby was prefigured the mystery' of Christ and His 
Church. For as the woman, the wife of Adam, was formed firom the 
side of the man, so Holy Church, our bountiful mother, the bride of 
Christ, from the sacraments which have flowed out from the 
wounded side of Christ as He slept upon the Cross — the water and the 
blood by which we are redeemed from punishment, and washed from 
sin.^ Our first birth, of the flesh, brought us forth unto death ; our 
second birth, of the Spirit, calleth us back to life. Through our first birth 
we* were vessels of wrath — he^ the fountain, we the vessels. By our 

^ This is a quotation from S. Augustine, Tract, in Joan, xi. 6. The passage is quoted 
in the Cattna Aurta of S. Thomas Aquinas on S. John iii. 

* I Cor. XV. 47. 

' Sacramentum, There is a reference to Ephesians v. 32. 

* Compare the hymn, " Rock of Ages ** : 

" Let the water and the blood, 
From Thy wounded side which flowed, 
Be of sin the double cure, 
Save from wrath, and make me pure *'. 

* Ipu — §cilu€t Adam. 

B 



10 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLA& 

second birth we have been counted worthy^ to become the vessels of 
God's mercy. We all, before baptism, were fanes' of the devil, and, 
after baptism, we are made the temples of Christ, as the Apostle plainly 
saith : '' For ye are the one temple of God, as the Lord saith, I will 
dwell in you and walk among you '* ; ' and again, *' The temple of God 
is built, which temple are ye " ;^ and again, '* Know ye not that your 
bodies are the temple of the Holy Ghost ? ** ^ and also, " Destroy this 
temple, and in three days I will raise it up,"' that is, the temple of His 
body. Therefore, dearly beloved brethren, let us rejoice because we are 
made the temples of God ; but let us fear lest by evil works we defile 
God's temple. Let us fear that which the Apostle saith : '* If any man 
defile the temple of God, the Lord will destroy him".^ Therefore, 
brethren, let us labour that, by the keys of good works, we may be able 
to open for ourselves the door of the heavenly kingdom, forasmuch as 
by wicked works, as by so many bolts and bars, the door of life is shut 
against us. Therefore, without doubt, it is opened by good works. 
Let us, then, sow the seed of good works while yet there is time, 
according to the Apostle's saying : " He which soweth sparingly shall 
reap also sparingly".^ Let us, ''while we have opportunity, be un- 
wearied in doing good unto all men, especially unto them that are of 
the household of the faith ".® And, '' Behold, now is the accepted 
time, behold, now is the day of salvation ".^^ The God of all, who, by 
the word of His power, without any labour, was able to make heaven 
and earth, deigneth to dwell in thee ; therefore, thou oughtest so to act 
that thou shalt not be found guilty of offending such an Indweller. 
And if God, the Redeemer, hath departed,^^ the devil, the deceiver hath 
come. Unhappy is that soul which is brought down^' from highest 
heaven and occupied by the devil ! It is emptied of light, and filled 
with darkness ; it is drained of sweetness, and made drunk with poison, 

* Meruimus — ^we have merited. The Latin, however, is not tynonymous with its English 
derivative. It speaks, says Migne, not so much of a reward deserved as a benefit received. 

* Fanes of the devil — temples of Christ. On the pavement of S. Peter's at Rome, where 
the length of different churches is marked, a like distinction is observed — " tempium 
Mediolani," **/anum Londini** (S. Paul's). 

* 2 Cor. vi. i6. ^ X Cor. iii. 17. ^ i Cor. iii. 16. * S. John it 19. 

' I Cor. iv. 17. • a Cor. ix. 6. • Gal. vi. 10. ^ 2 Cor. vi. 2. 

^ Compare i Samuel xvi. 14 ; and S. Matt. xii. 45. " Compare S. Matt. xi. 23. 



BENEFACTORS OP THE CHURCH, I34O-62. II 

and in bitterness loses its life I It findeth death, it gaineth punishmenty 
it loseth Paradise I Faithfully and rightly do Christian people cherish 
the Church, our spiritual mother, since they recognise that they are the 
sons of the Church ; and worthy is the Church of being cherished, the 
mother whom they know and believe to have regenerated thepi by 
the Spirit unto life. As often as we come to church we ought to 
prepare our souls by making them such as we wish to find her. For 
just as thou enterest into the Church, so God desireth to enter into thy 
soul, as He hath promised : ** I will dwell in them '\^ Holy Mother 
Church is fruitful by an unspotted intercourse. She is a virgin while 
she bringeth forth ; in chastity she becometh a mother. She bringeth 
forth us, her offspring, as a virgin, filled not with the flesh,' but with the 
Spirit. A viiigin, she beareth us not with pain of body, but amid the joy' 
of angels: a virgin, she nourisheth us not with the milk of the body, but 
viiih the Catholic faith — our bountiful Mother Church : a virgin, she is 
the mother of nations by the sacraments of the Church. Therefore, 
dearly beloved brethren, let us be glad, and rejoice with great joy, in 
the adorning, ornamenting, and venerating of our most holy Mother 
Church, as did the people of the Hebrews, as we read in the history : 
** They decked also the forefront of the temple with crowns of gold, and 
dedicated the altar to the Lord, and there was great gladness among the 
people ".* Her sons, therefore, prompted by the good* Spirit to works 
of love, have from of old adorned the face of our holy Mother Church 
Viiih vestments woven of gold, of silver, and of silk — with images, with 
chalices shining with precious gems,^ with manuscripts, with bells, 
and other instruments of Divine service, and suitable for the ministering 
thereof. And they have dedicated — that is, they have sacrificed — an 
altar to the Lord with all honour, in the odour of a sweet smell, with 
whole' burnt-offerings, with sacrifices, with masses, tithes, first-fruits ; 
and with the spiritual oblations of fastings, and prayers, and hymns, 
and confessions, and sweet songs, they were wont to bless the Lord. 
And so was there great joy among the people. Therefore^ brethren, let 

' 2 Cor. vi. 16. ' Cariiate in the MS. is an obvious mistake for camitatt, 

* Compare S. Luke xv. 10. ^ i Mace. iv. 56-58. ' Psalm cxltii. xa 

* It is doulitiul whether this clause refers to the chalices or to the images. 

^ Compare Psalm H. ig. 



12 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

US also rejoice and be glad, desiring with kindliness of heart to search 
out the traces of their piety. 

There were many venerable men in the times before us who, led by 
great devotion, in honour of Almighty God, of the holy Virgin Mary, of 
the most blessed confessor the Blessed Nicholas our patron, and of all 
saints of God, decorated and adorned our spiritual Mother the Parish 
Church of Aberdene with many benefactions and holy works — ^whose 
names are in the book of life, their merits in the heavens, and their 
souls co-equal with the saints ; and almost their very names and holy 
works are now given over to oblivion. But O ! how just and right it is, 
and how consonant to all good reason, that we should recall to memory 
their names and their good works ; so that from their good work^ and 
their devotion those who are to come may take example, and glorify our 
God, who is in the heavens, by whom all things were made, and without 
whom was nothing made. To whom be praise, power, dominion, and 
glory throughout all ages. Amen.* 

In the year of our Lord 1340 three venerable men^ William de Turine, 
Stephen de Manuell, and Bartholomew de Eglishame, adorned the 
Parish Church of the said burgh with the principal and larger image of 
S. Nicholas, situated in the middle of the High Altar. Whose souls, for 
their piety, may God receive into eternal salvation. 

In the year of our Lord 1340, the image of S. Nicholas, situated at the 
south side of the foresaid High Altar, which was there from the first 
building of the Church, was repainted by Ralph Voket, burgess of the 
said burgh. To whose soul may God be gracious. 

In the year of our Lord 1401, William de Strabrok,' burgess of the said 

^ Opertt contacted thus, q^. 

' This is the passage I have placed at the beginning of the First Volttme. It seems to 
me a complete justification at once of the publication of the Chartulary, and of the task 
being undertaken by a minister of Christ, who is bound by his ordination to give his whole 
work to the service of his Lord. It is doing the Lord's work to recall to memory the piety of 
fiormer servants of the Lord. 

* Probably a descendant of William Strabrock of Foveran, who was Alderman firom 1329 
to 133 1 and in 1334, 



BENEFACTORS OF THE CHURCH, I34O-62. 13 

borgh, founded the Altar in honour of S. James the Apostle on the 
lower^ column on the north side of the nave, the same column wherein 
is set the carved stone for holding holy water ; which altar he adorned 
with the image of S. James situated there, with holy vestments for the 
priest, with a gilt chalice, a breviary, a missal, and other vessels 
suitable for Divine service. And he was buried in front of the said 
altar. Whose soul may God lead ' unto life and everlasting glory.^ 

In the year of our Lord 1342, a venerable man, Sir John de Kingome, 
^muSf was instituted, by the Reverend Father in Christ and Lord, 
the Lord Alexander de K}mninraounde, Bishop of Aberdeen, into the 
vicarage of the Parish Church of Aberdeen. And he adorned the Altar 
of the Blessed Nicholas with a priest's vestment of silk woven in 
various colours, and a cope of cloth of gold. And he was buried in the 
choir. Whose soul may God lead unto eternal glory.* 

In the year of our Lord 1350, Thomas Mersere,^ buigess of the said 
bingh, adorned the Altar of S. Nicholas with a tabernacle of the 
Passion of Christ, situated between the images and the altar, and 
reaching from one end of the altar to the other. And he is buried in 
front of the said altar. Whose soul may God lead unto the fatherland 
of eternal joy. 

In the year of our Lord 135 1, an honourable man — William de Leith — 
adoroed, at his own cost and charges, the Parish Church of the said 
burgh with two great bells of great price hanging in the steeple ; the 
name of the larger bell is Lawrence, and that of the less, lILzxy. Whose 
soul, for his good deed, may God lead unto glory. 

In the year of our Lord 1352, William de Leith, burgess of the said 
buigh, adorned the said Parish Church with a complete priest's vest- 

' That it, the wcstmost. 

' Fgrdmeai — Bterally, lead ikrongk (whatever trials). 
* Sec No. XXIX. 

' There was a Sir John de Kingome, seeundus, nephew of the first, Vicar of Aberdeen 
101438: seeNo. LXIII. 

' Alderman of the hiirgh in 1343 and again in 1360. 



14 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

ment of blue^ velvet of great price embroidered with gold on the 
orphreys, and also with other things useful and fitting for Divine 
service. Whose soul, for his piety, may God lead unto eternal glory. 

In the year of our Lord 1352, John de Anstroyer, burgess of the said 
burgh, adorned the Altar of S. Nicholas with the image of S. Mary, 
situated above the High Altar, on the north side of the foresaid altar. 
To whose soul may God be gracious, and bring it unto the fatherland 
of eternal brightness. 

In the year of our Lord 1353, an honourable man and of good repute, 
James de Crag, adorned the Altar of S. Nicholas with the small image 
of S. Nicholas above the same altar, situated towards the north. On 
whose soul may God have mercy and bring it unto glory. 

In the year of our Lord 1354, a noble and devout lady, Christiana de 
la Bruys,' adorned the Altar of the Blessed Nicholas with a silver 
chalice set with precious stones. To whose soul may God be gracious 
without end. Amen. 

In the year of our Lord 1355, the forementioned William de Leith 
lengthened the Choir of the Virgin Mary towards the south by the space 
of sixteen feet, and there founded the Altar of the Blessed Lawrence and 
Ninian' and adorned it with the images of the foresaid saints, situated 
above the same altar. And also with a mass-book and breviary, well 
lettered and (musically) noted, and with divers priestly vestments and 



^ Blue. Blue does not now occur in the Roman sequence of Liturgical Colours, though 
violet does ; it seems, however, to be occasionally in use. It was, in the Old Testament, the 
colour of the high priest's ephod (Exod. xxxix. 22). 

> In the previous year, 1534, Matilda, a daughter of King Robert Bruce, died at Aberdeen. 
She had married ** a ceruin squire, named Thomas Isaac, who of her begat two daughters. 
The elder, named Joan, wedded a noble and mighty man, John of Lome, lord of that ilk ; 
who of her begat sons and daughters. Matilda's younger daughter, named Catherine, was 
taken away from this life at Stirling. "^Fordun, Historians of Scotland, iv. p. 360. Can the 
Christina of the Chartulary be the Catherine of Fordun ? If so the chalice may have been 
given in memory of her mother. 

* See No. LIX., infra. 



BENEFACTORS OF THE CHURCH, I34O-62. 1 5 

Other necessaries suitable to Divine service. And he was buried before 
the same altar. Whose soul may God lead unto the heavenly fatherland. 

In the year of our Lord 1357, an honest and worthy man, Alexander 
Williamson, burgess of Aberdeen, founded an altar in the west end of 
the foresaid church, on the north side, and adorned it with the image 
which is called The Brown Cross situated above it, and with a gilt 
chalice, mass-book, and other useful gifts which ought to be suitable 
for Divine service. Also, in the choir he made a pavement of squared 
stones, and the outer and inner painting.^ And was buried before the 
altar. On whose soul may God have mercy. 

In the year of our Lord 1358, certain far-sighted and discreet men, and 
Sir Andrew de Curtastoune, chaplain of S. Ann, and John Pichat, 
burgess, who had been specially elected masters of the church funds,' 
and, with a view to its repairs, repaired the Parish Church with a pave- 
ment of squared stones, partly at the expense of the community, and 
partly out of their own private means, as being anxious and zealous for 
the work of the Church. On whose souls may God have mercy. 

In the year of our Lord 1359, ^ S^^ ^^" ^^^ ^ burgess, William de 
Merene^, decored the Parish Church with the large image of S. Mary, 
situated above the Altar of S. Leonard, and with a glass window on the 
south side of the choir. On whose soul may God have mercy. 

In the year of our Lord 1359 (two) honourable burgesses, Laurence de 
Crag and John Scherar, founded the Altar of Blessed Duthac, and adorned 
it with the image of the saint situated above it, with a gilt chalice, and 



> The ' outer and inner * painting may possibly have been on the screen separating the choir 
from the nave, the * outer painting ' being that on the side towards the nave, the * inner * 
towards the choir. There were such paintings on the choir-screen of Elgin Cathedral, 
thai towards the nave representing the Crucifixion of Our Lord, that towards the choir, the 
Last Judgment — ^an arrangement of great beauty, reminding the clergy of their responsibility 
and the pcoplt of their hope. 

* Fabricam. The general meaning of the word in the ecclesiastical Latin of the middle 
ages is the rtvemu of a church ; but it sometimes means also ike fabric maintained by those 
(Migne). 



I6 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

holy vestments, and other things useful and suitable for Divine service 
at the altar. Also, Sir Andrew de Abircrumby, chaplain of the same, 
supplied the same altar with a priest's vestment. On whose souls may 
God have mercy. 

In the year of our Lord 1360, an honest and discreet man, William de 
Chalmers of Fyndon, and burgess of Aberdeen, founded the Altar of 
S. Katherine in the Parish Church of Aberdeen, and supplied it with 
the image of the saint situated above it, and a gilt chalice, and other 
(sic) holy vestments seemly for Divine service. And he was buried 
before the altar. On whose soul may God have mercy. 

In the year of our Lord 1361, Sir Andrew de Curtastoune, an honest 
man and chaplain serving at the Altar of Blessed Ann — (the altar) of 
that potent man Robert Davidson,^ burgess of Aberdeen — the said Sir 
Andrew provided the said altar with a cope of ruby colours woven with 
gold, and with one baudekyne* of ruby colour and cloth of gold, and 
with a gilt chalice set in the middle with rock crystal, and with other 
instruments pertaining to the same altar, at the cost and charges of the 
said Robert his master, and of himself equally. Which Robert, at 
that time provost of the foresaid burgh, built the town-house on the 
north side of the market-place opposite the cross, at the cost and 
charges of the community. And he was a man brave and bold, who 
prospered in all things, and died in the war of Harelaw, and with him 
many praiseworthy burgesses, staunch and steadfast, rooted in honest 
principles and inured in all probity (whose names, for lack of time, and 
because of errors as to names, cannot now be set down as it were 
fitting), in defence of the town, and for the liberty of their fatherland, 
under the banner of Alexander Stewart, Earl of Mar. And the said 
Robert was buried before the Altar of S. Ann, in the foresaid parish 
church. On whose soul may God have mercy. 

The image of S. Nicholas on the south side of the High Altar was 

> ** Robert David«>n, killed in Harelaw, 1361 (sir)." This note is in the Chattulary, on 
the margin. The real date of the Battle of Harlaw is 141 1. 

* Uno U bandthym. The word derived from ** Bagdad," and hence applied to the rich 
stuffs made in that city (Migne). 



PROVOST SCHERAR'S CHARTER— ALTAR OF S. DUTHAC. 1 7 

situated there from the beginning of the building of the church, and 
the late Ralph Voket, a prudent burgess, had its colours renewed in his 
own time. On whose soul may God have mercy» 



In the year of our Lord 1362, a potent lord, Sir Alexander de Forbes 
of that Ilk, knight, provided the Altar of Blessed^ Ann with a velvet 
vestment of various colours woven with gold. On whose soul may 
God have mercy. 

X. 

Charter by William Scherar, formerly Provost of A berdeen, endowing of the 
A Itar of S. Dutkac. 31st Jidy, 1464.' (A isiract.) 

To all Christ's faithful people, etc., William Scherar, burgess of 
the burgh of Aberdeen, wisheth eternal salvation in the Lord. Whereas, 
through devout prayers and the celebration of masses, wherein Christ 
the Son of God is offered to the Father for our sins, it, is believed that 
sins are remitted, and the pains of Purgatory overcome, and the souls 
of the dead very often liberated from them and placed among the joys 
of Paradise — for that reason I, the foresaid William Scherar, led by 
devotion, with the consent and assent of labella,' my most dear wife, 
in honour of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, Father, Son, and Holy 
Ghost, of the most glorious Virgin Mary, of S. Duthac, and of 
S. Bridget, and all saints of God, in augmentation of a perpetual 
chaplaincy for one fit chaplain to celebrate perpetually in the Parish 
Church of S. Nicholas, at the Altar of S. Duthac, anciently founded in 
part by the alderman, baillies, and community of Aberdeen, havC; by 

1 In the Roman Cath(rfic Church at the present day a disitnetion is made hetweea the 
beatification and canonisation of a saint ; the title " Blessed '* being given to those who have 
had the lower honour accorded to them, and the tiUe " Saint *' to those who have received the 
higher. In the Chartulary •* Blessed ** (Beatus) and " Saint " (Sanctus) are used indiscrimi- 
nately. It has been deemed sufficient to exhibit this in No. IX. ; henceforth for convenienee' 
sake ^ S." (abb. for Saint) alone is used in this translation. In some of the later charters, 
when the influence of the classicism of the Renaissance is beginning to be felt, both 
'* Beatos" and " Sanctus" are discarded in favour of " Divus," which to us sounds pagan , 
thoogh to those who employed it it seemed only classical and elegant. 

* See la/ra, Appendix I., No. II.'. 

* So in the MS. It is perhaps a mistake for Isabella. 

C 



1 8 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

the favour of the Lord, arranged and provided for the amplifying, 
endowing, and . augmenting of the said chaplaincy with all my lands 
and annual rents underwritten, with consent and assent of the 
alderman, baillies, and community aforesaid, as is contained more 
fully in the open letters of the same, investing me and mine with the 
patronage of the foresaid altar. Therefore, know all that I have given 
and hereby give in mortmain to God and the most gloriouis Virgin 
Mary, and to SS. Duthac and Bridget, Virgin, and to the said altar, 
and to the chaplain there to celebrate perpetually, for the salvation of 
my soul, and the souls of my wife aforesaid, my father and mother, and 
the parents of the former, founders of the same chaplaincy, of my succes- 
sors, brothers and sisters, benefactors, and all others alive or dead from 
whom I at any time received any good thing and did not repay it to 
the full, all that tenement, viz : — my waste land l}dng in the Shiprow 
of the said burgh, between the land of William Moir on the west, and 
the land of John Gouis on the east ; also my waste land lying in 
the same street, between the land of John Gouis on the west, and 
the King's highway on the east ; also four shillings and four pence from 
the land of Thomas Litster lying in the Upperkirkgate between the 
land of Adam Litster on the north, and the land of Thomas Trayl on 
the south. And another annual rent of six shillings and eight pence 
from the land of the said Thomas Traal lying in the same street, 
between the land of the said Thomas Litster on the north, and the 
land of Thomas Club on the south. And one annual rent of twenty 
pence from the land of the said Thomas Club lying in the said street, 
between the land of Thomas Tralle on the north, and the land of John 
Crag on the south. And one annual rent of nine shillings from the land 
of William Mor lying in the Shiprow, between the land of Andre^r 
Alan on the west, and my foresaid land on the east. And one annual 
rent of seven shillings and eleven pence from the land of John Gouis in 
the said street, between my lands aforesaid on the west and east. And 
one annual rent of forty pence from the land of William Club, baker, 
lying at the end of the said Shiprow, between the land of the late 
Gilbert Mason on the east, and the public King's highw&y on the west. 
And one annual rent of thirteen shillings and four pence from the land 
of Andrew Scot in the Netherkirkgate, between the lands of Walter 
. . . The rest is wanting. 



CHARTER OF W. MELDRUM — ALTAR OF SS. LAWRENCE AND NINIAN. I9 

FRAGMENTS. 
The seventh fclio of the Manuscript is entirely wanting. 

A. 
Charter by WiUiam Mddrum endowing the Altar of SS. Lawrenu and 

Ninian. [1342.^] 

To all who shall see this charter . . . William de Melgdrum, 

laird of Auchneef and Petkarry,' wisheth eternal salvation in the 

Lord. Know all that I, acting within my legal right, and being in 

health of body, for the salvation of my soul and that of Margaret, my 

mother-in-law, our sons and daughters, predecessors and successors, and 

all the faithful departed, have given ... to God and the Blessed 

Virgin Maxy» and all saints, and to the Altar of SS. Lawrence, Martyr, and 

Ninian, Confessor, which is dedicated within the Choir of the Blessed 

Viigin Mary' in the Church of S. Nicholas of Aberdeen, eight merks of 

usual money sterling annually, to be drawn yearly at the usual terms 

for the purpose of procuring one fit chaplain to serve in perpetuity at 

the said altar, and of procuring a handsome lamp and all ornaments 

needful to the said altar, and (supplying it) in bread and wine and 

other things. Namely, forty shillings from the lands of The Wattirton, ^ 

near Ellon, which Lawrence de Foty,^ burgess of Aberdene, holds from 

me in feu. And thirteen shillings and four pence from that croft which 

Alexander Williamson holds from me in the village of Foty, within the 

croft-lands of the said village ; and twenty shillings from those two 

parts of land on either side of my own land which I inhabit in the west 

side of the Gallowgate, lying side by side, which parts of land Sir John 

de Melgdnun, chaplain, my son, holds of me in feu, and Fergus, 

'See AmUqtiiius o/AbenUen and Banff, III. 43. 



'TIk Choir of the Blessed Virgin Mary was the South Transept, which had just been 
towatds the sooth. The Lady Chapel of Elgin Cathedral was the South Aisle of 
tke Choir. 

'Ohoerve the use of the article. The name has still a meaning. 

*This Lawrence de Foty appears in the records of the Cathedral of Aberdeen, under date 
<39>t as its henrfactnr to the extent of one merk yearly from ** the lands of Fothil in Buchan, 
Wngiiig to the Lord Abbot and Convent of the Monastery of Deer," the said merk being 
"one which the foresaid Lord Abbot and Convent of Deer gave and assigned to the same 

heirs and assigns in excambion for a tenement built in the village of Foty, . 
the hnrgh of Aberdeen ". No doubt it was from the Aberdeen Futtie that Lawrence 
^ — RegUtrum Ahtrdonense, I, 187, 189. 



ao CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

son of Alexander, burgess of Aberdene. And six shillings and eight pence 

sterling from my land of Ardechoyrk, within the lordship of Melgdrum. 

I will also . . . that the Alderman, four bailies, and the conservators, 

for the time being, of the fabric of the foresaid Church of S. Nicholas 

shall have and hold the foresaid revenue of eight merks for the 

procuring the said fit chaplain to serve in perpetuity at the foresaid 

altar in mode and form as aforesaid (one) in the orders of Christ under 

the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Aberdeen, for the time being, to be 

held as freely, quietly, fully, and honestly, as I myself, at this moment, 

have acquired, held, and possessed the said and fore-mentioned rents as 

belonging only to God and me ; so that neither I, nor my heirs, nor any 

Qne for our part, can exact or have any right or claim over them, or in 

any way alienate them in future from the service of the foresaid altar ; 

this being added, that I and my heirs . • . the archdeacon or official of 

the Lord Bishop of Aberdeen 

Pari of the charter is wanting here. 

* • t • • • 

Before these witnesses — Sir William de Keith, ^ knight, Marischal of 

Scotland ; Sir Alexander Fraser, knight. Sheriff of Aberdene ; Thomas 

Mercer, then Aldirman of Aberdene ; William de Leth and John Crab, 

burgesses of the same burgh, and many others. 

B. 
Confirmation . , . ten pounds to the Church of the Friars (Preachers).^ 
James' by the grace of God King of Scots . . . . . . . . 

> This was probably the first Lord Keith, about the middle of the 14th century, Thomas 
Mercer having been Alderman of Aberdeen in 1360. 

' The Blackfriars or Dominicans. Their convent in Aberdeen, dedicated to S. John 
Baptist, was founded in the reign of Alexander II. (1214-1249) ; it stood where the Ait Gallery 
now stands. On digging for the foundations of the Art Gallery large numbers of the bones 
of those interred in their cemetery were found, and were, through the pious care of Mr. 
Leslie of Balquhain, carefully collected, placed in two varnished pine chests, or coffins, and 
reburied in a specially constructed brick vault a short distance west, near the boundary wall. 
Some of the Earl Marischal's fiunily were originally buried before the High Altar, and early 
in this century, when the ground was levelled, their bones were reburied in the nartk-wcst 
comer of the College playground. The Rev. Mr. Fleming of Blairs was then a boy at 
Gordon's Hospital, and he told Mr. Leslie that he not only assisted in carrying the bones, 
but, after showing him where they were found, took him to the spot where they were buried 
(in the north-west angle of the boundary wall). A silver heart, fomnd at the neck of one ot 
the skeletons is now in Tarves Museum. 

> James IIL (Z460-1488). 



FRAGMENTS. 21 



to our beloved cousin William ^ de . . . 

to Mr. Richard Forbes,^ dean 

the revenue of ten pounds 

from the lands of Puthes Beg^ . . . . 
the lands of the foresaid Masters Richard 
lying in the barony of 



to Qod and the convent of the Friars Preachers 



the charter of the said William Lord Forbes 

To all who shall see this charter* William Forbes .... wisheth 
eternal health in the Lord. Know, that we have given in perpetuity to 
onr beloved uncle, Mr. Richard (Forbes), Dean of Aberdeen, and his 
assigns, one annual rent of ten pounds, usual Scots money, to be 
dravm annually from our lands of Puthes Beg and Puthes More, with 
the mill of the same and its pertinents, on account of an excambion 
(made) between us and the said Mr. Richard of his lands of Strath- 
gemy,^ Lothry, and Brigend, lying in the Barony of Oboyne, within 
the shire of Aberdene, for which lands of Puthes Beg and Puthes More, 
with the mill of the same, the fruits thereof, and all other lands of ours 
lying in our lordship of Puthes More, within the said shire of Aberdene. 
The said annual rent of ten pounds, with the pertinents thereof, to be 
held, had, and taken of us and our heirs by the said Mr. Richard and 
his assigns . 



Part of the charter is wanting here. 



a penny Scots in the name of blench farm 



* Wmiaiii, yd Locd Forbes. He married Christian, daughter of Alexander Seton, ist Earl 
of Handy and Elisabeth his wife. It is probably on account of his connexion that the deed 
sttpolatcs for prayers lor their souls. 

s Richard Forbes was Dean of Aberdeen in 1457 {Registrum Aberdonense I. 240). He 
vas aton of Alexander, ist Lord Forbes. 

' Fnthes Beg in Aboyne. 

* The charter, which the King confirms, seems here to be recited in full. 

* No doubt, Strathgirnock. 



^ 



22 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

from Futhes if it is asked 

William, the heir, and my assigns 

(Before these witnesses) Forbes, our brother, 

Alexander Lesly, Sir 

Forbes Davidsone, Andrew 

de Cragiver, and Mr. 

(notary) public with many others and divers 

of the said Mr. Richard Forbes 

^ . . . who' shall see or hear this charter 

salvation : Know that I for 

(of James) II., and of Mary his Queen-consort, 

• . . . (for a . . .) man Alexander Seton, Earl of Huntly, lord 
of Badynach, and for the soul of the Countess Elizabeth, his wife, of 
Alexander de Forbes of that Ilk, the first lord of parliament of Forbes,* 
my most dear . . . and Elizabeth de Douglas,' his wife, the most 
dear ... of James L, King of Scots, and of (the soul of) James, 
late Lord Forbes,^ and of my own soul, and the soul of my dearest 
mother, and of all the lords of the lordship of Forbes, and the 
successors of the same having the name, blood, and parentage of 
Forbes, and of all the faithful dead, have given ... to God, the 
Blessed Mary, and to S. John Baptist,^ and to all the Superior and 
Brethren of the Convent of the Friars Preachers of Aberdene, and 
their successors my assigns, in pure and perpetual alms, one annual 
rent of ten pounds Scots ... to be lifted and taken from the lands 

and bounds of Futhes 

The rest is wanting. 

The next two leaves are altogether wanting. 

' We have evtdenUy here the beginning of a charter ; bat as the writing in the Chartulary 
is continuous, it is probably but the recitation of a charter referred to in what goes befi)re. 

*He was created a lord of parliament prior to xath July, 1442, and died 1448. 

* She was the only daughter of George Douglas, Earl of Angus, and was grand-daughter 
of King Robert II. 

* James, 2nd Lord Forbes. 

" S. John Baptist is mentioned as the patron saint of the church and convent to which 
the benefaction was made. 



FRAGMENTS. 23 

C. 

The few fragmenU of this charter yield only this, that the donor 

Wills and ordains that the vicar 

and the curate of the same, along with the chaplains 

of S. Mary, pay 

and the names of 
John de FifTe and Lawrence Thorn. 

D. 
Tke fragments of a Royal deed, in the 2$th year of the reign of . . , . 

E. 

(The original is in old English,) 

Thesb are the privileges of the merchants of S(cotland) .... 

by sundry Earls of Flanders, And first by 

the first laws that were given in Ghent, the year of 



In pfimiSf That all merchants and subjects of Scot(land) 

in the land of Flanders, with their goods 

and their Custom fare (?) as use is 

Item. That no merchant shall be arrested for 

obliged by name or surname other 

Item, That there may no mercha(nt) 



have so much goods that 
sufficient borrows til 
Item, If it happens . . 



nor any goods except 
or his officers . . . 

lawsgave 

any of them . . . . 
to void 



A part is wanting here. 
Well outside the stakes and within four and no more 



24 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 



comings in again to the haven 

of weather, or holidays, and they want to take out 
put new, they may. Provided that they pay the toll 
... if they would take out of a ship, and put in 



a confirmation of their privilege 

authority to follow the merchants' privilege 
shall be honourably received and favou(red) 

expediting of all things that he 

shall be made by the King thereupon, Provided 
. . statutes of Flanders made or to be made 

any custom or ordinance 

that they be as free as any 

These privileges were 

last days of April 



hasdone 

Vynland 

day of the 

grace 

The rest is wanting. 

F. 

(Abstract.) 

Letter of Sasine given to the Chaplain of the Altar of S. Ann on the part of 

Mr. John Finlay. 

To all to whose notice the present letters shall come 

of the baillies of the burgh of Aberdene eternal health in the Lord • « 

forasmuch as to give testimony to the truth, etc 

That a venerable man, Mr. John Finalay, Vicar 

armed in love, and seeking (the good) of the church 



for his own soul and the souls of his parents 
in memory of the matter, and pressing for 

his own fore land which 

the land of Walter Aghneif on the east . . 
on the other side, and the public street . . 



FRAGMENTS. 2$ 

towards the south ; for the purpose of giving sasine 

to Thomas Davidson, chaplain of the altar 

his successors, to remain perpetually 

usual Scots money 

pre(sent) in Futy,^ between the lands of the late W 

on the north side of that which 

of S. Ann, and his successors chap(lains) 

by the hands of two chaplains of the said church 

time about in the year, namely one trenthal (of masses) 

foresaid, and his successors 

ten shillings 

A part is wanting here, 

of the said Mr. John, the chaplains being excepted 

and whatever further over and above shall fall to 

what is expressed, to the repair and reformation 

.... the chaplains of the altar aforesaid. In testimony whereof 

of a . . . man, Patrick Badenach through Mr. 

are affixed at the said burgh 

sixty sixth (year) before these mtnesses, Andrew Sche(rar), 

Mar, Richard de Hil, Mr. John .... 

Duncan Stralogh, sergeand, with .... 

G. 

. . . (of the A Itar) of S, Sebastian. 

William Menzhes, burgess of the burgh 

me ; for the salvation of my wife 

• my predecessors and successors 

or have justly possessed, or obtained 

to my heirs in perpetual 

and to all His saints, and to the Altar of S. 

situated . . . and to one chaplain 

shillings and eight pence 

to the aforesaid, namely from the land 

' Lai. in fecino. Dr. Joseph Robertson connects the name ** futy '* with Saint Foiinus, 
Me im/ra XIX. and XXXVIII. 

D 



26 CHARTULARY OF SAIHT NICHOLAS. 

• of the said burgh on the • • . port 

Item from the land of the heir of the late Angus Gleny, lying in the 

Gallowgate between the lands of Edmund Wa 

on the north side, on the one side, and the lands of John Bortlason on 
the south the public King's highway towards the south, four shillings 

annually 

lying in the Grene, between the land of the Trinity Friars on the 

north 

a waste (l^nd) belonging to the heirs of the late Symoa Lam on the 

south 

east and west, twenty pence annually 

to one chaplain, celebrating there Divine service as allowed .... 

in perpetual alms, as freely, quietly, fully 

as any benefaction within the said church 

in pure almsdeed is possessed, without any sort, etc 

The rest is wanting, 

H. 

To all to whom these present letters shall come, John de Kyntor, 

one of the baillies of the burgh of Aberdene, 
. . . who is the true salvation of all. Seeing it is a pious, meritorious, 
and faithful thing to bear witness ... by the officers of our lord 

the King in the exercise of their office 

Gilbert Menzhes, burgess of the said buigh, having personally appeared 

in my presence and that of divers 

for the increase of Divine service and through 

of S. Sebastian the Martyr, situated in the Church of 

. • (all and) each annual rents from the lands undermentioned, namely 
. . . between the land of John Anderson, burgess of the said burgh on the 

of Gilbert Waus on the west side on the other side 

thirty five shillings usual Scots money 

. . . lying in the Castle Street on the north side of the same street 

on the one side, and the land of John Watson 

land towards the south, twenty two 

in the Upperkirkgate, between the land 



FRAGMENTS. 2/ 

. the land of Thomas Culan on the east side 
.... and annually. Ifem from the land 
. of the said Andrew Thorn on the west side 
the east on the other side, and the public way 
. . . Item from the land of William Rattray 

on the north, on the one side 

. . the King's highway towards the west, six 
. . . . Sprunt, lying in the Netherkirkgate 
. . on the east on the one hand, and the land 
the public King's highway towards the south 

of the late John Kyninmond 

..*....'. of William Letht, chaplain, 
. on the other, and the public King's highway 

of Henry Sclater, l3nng 

south side on the one 

.... on the other side and the public way 

(of Ang)us Gene lying 

on the one side 

the public way 

of John Reid 



Part is wanting here, 

Waus, Richard de Kintor, John .... 
(with) Malcolm Dakyr, one of the sergeants 
persons called 



I. 

To all who shall see this charter 

Know that I ... to my beloved chaplain . . . . 

And to his successors at the same altar 

rent of eighteen 

our land, lying at the end 

the land of the heirs of the late 

east and west. Item 

lying below The Hedonishill 

oo the one side, and the land of Alexander Houison (etc.) 



28 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

and my assigns 

to Sir Robert Leis, etc 

The rest is vMmtmg. 

J. 

of S. Sebastian, the Martyr, and 

of the Church of our patron S. Nicholas of 

of our parents, and of my 

Marion Arbuthnot (my) mother 

twenty shilling usual (Scots money), etc., 

and from my croft lying near 

called The Halvlands on the, etc., 

for the soul of the said Gilbert Menzes, etc., 

The rest is wanting. 

XL 

Foundation by the late Thofnas Prat, of good memory, burgess of Aberdenc, 
endowing the Altar of SS, Thomas and George. i8th April, 1491. 
{Abstract), 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Thomas Prat, burgess of 
Abtrdene, wisheth eternal salvation in the Lord. Know that I, for the 
increase of Divine service, in honour of Almighty God, the most Blessed 
Virgin Mary, and of S. Thomas the Apostle and S. George the Martyr, 
and all saints, for the salvation of my soul, and the souls of my parents, 
wives, predecessors, successors, benefactors, and all the faithful dead, 
and specially for the souls of those of whom I ever justly had or 
obtained any benefits, have given ... to Almighty God, the most 
glorious Virgin Mary, and all saints, and to the Altar of S. Thomas the 
Apostle and S. George the Martyr, in the Church of S. Nicholas of 
Aberdene, and to Sir John Prat, my perpetual chaplain, presented to 
the same, All and each my annual rents undermentioned lying 
within the said burgh, namely — One annual rent of twenty shillings 
from the land of William Chamer lying in the Gallowgate, on the 
west side of the same street, between the land of James Colison on the 
south, and the land of Patrick Adamsone on the north : One annual 



CHARTER OF THOMAS PRAT— ALTAR OF SS. THOMAS AND GEORGE. 29 

rent of ten shillings from the land of the late John Walcar in the same 
street* on the east side thereof, between the land of William Tulidef on 
the south, and the land of Forsy^ Davison on the nortli : One annual 
rent of thirteen shillings and four pence from the land of the late John 
Tailzor in the same street, between the land of the said William Tulidef 
on the north, and the lands of William Andirsone and Andrew Culane, 
junior, on the south : One annual rent of seven merks from all and 
whole my contiguous lands which I recovered from Gilbert Murisone 
lying in the Shiprow, between the lands of Gilbert Waus of Many and 
John Andersone on the east and the land of Walter Atkin on the south, 
and the public King's highways towards the west and north : One 
annual rent of thirteen shillings and four (pence) from the land of 
William Buchane l}ring in the Castle Street, on the north side thereof, 
between the land of Andrew Litster on the east and the land of John 
Malison on the west : And one annual rent of thirteen shillings and 
four pence from the other land of the said William Buchan, between 
the common gate of the said burgh on the east on the one hand and 
the land of Alexander Mathousone pn the west on the other hand, and 
the land of Mr. Richard Craufurde towards the south and the common 
King's highway towards the north, out of my own estate bought and 
recovered, to be held ... by the foresaid Sir John Prat, my 
perpetual chaplain of the said altar, and his successors . . . the 
foresaid Sir John and his successors performing and celebrating the 
Divine services and prayers by use and wont incumbent on a priest, etc. 
Further, I will, appoint, etc., that the said Sir John, and his successors 
in this chaplaincy, shall be present personally at vespers, mattins, and 
all other canonical hours to be celebrated within the choir of Aberdeen. 
lUntfl will and bequeath that the chaplain of this foundation enjoy no 
benefice, chaplaincy, or service outside the foresaid parish church, and 
if he be promoted to any such, it shall be lawful for me and my heirs to 
dispose the said (chaplaincy) to any other suitable chaplain. Further, 
I will that he reside personally within the said burgh, and, if he fail in 
personal residence, then it shall be lawful for me and my heirs to 
provide another chaplain for the chaplaincy at our free-will ; the right 
of patronage of the said chaplaincy remaining to me and my lawful 
heirs next to me in all time coming. And if it happen that I or my 

* Or Forfy. 



30 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

heirs, after a vacancy in the said chaplaincy, have not used this right 
of presentation within forty days immediately following the vacancy, I 
will and ordain that the Provost, Baillies, and Council of the said burgh 
shall have, for that turn, full authority to present a suitable chaplain to 
the same altar. And if it happen that the said chaplain fail in Divine 
service at the said altar, or be absent at canonical hours from the said 
church for forty days on end, except it be on account of sickness, then 
it shall be lawful for me and my heirs to dispose the chaplaincy at our 
free-will to any other fit chaplain. Further, if any of my heirs or 
assigns keep back in whole or in part the foresaid annual rents from 
the foresaid chaplain, it shall be lawful for the Lord Diocesan for the 
time being, by his own authority, vi2,, ecclesiastical censures, to 
compel him at his soul's peril to make full payment of the foresaid 
annual rents, and to prosecute and distrain the goods of those who 
infringe this my grant, by the authority of our Lord Jesus Christ, of 
Almighty God, and holy Mother Church, and to curse them so far as it 
is permitted to a human creature to do, and let them inherit and 
eternally possess that curse which a father has the right of pronouncing 
over his son ; Reserving, however, to myself the free possession of all 
the said annual rents, with their pertinents, all the days of my life, etc. 
In testimony whereof are affixed to this present charter my seal and 
the seal of an honourable man, Andrew Branche, one of the baillies of 
the said burgh, and the giver of sasine of the said annual rents to the 
said Sir John on the solum of the foresaid lands. At Abirdene the 
i8th day of April, in the year of our Lord 1491, before prudent and 
reputable men, John Colisone, Thomas Martin, William Blinsele, 
James Gordon, William Colp, burgesses of the said burgh ; Andrew 
Nachty, one of the sergeants of the same ; and Sir John Stirveling 
priest and notary public. 

The sum of this chaplaincy is viii/6. and xld. 

XIL 

Foundation by John Stoker endowing the Altar ofSS. Crispin and Crispinian. 

{Translation,) 

The late John Stoker of good memory, burgess of the burgh of 
Abirdene, (gave) in perpetual feu to the perpetual chaplain of the Altar 
of SS. Crispin and Crispinian an annual rent of twenty shillings usual 



THOMAS PRAT— ALTAR OF SS. THOMAS AND GEORGE. 3 1 

Scots money to be drawn from tofts and crofts in the Newburghe, for 
the salvation of his soul, and the souls of his parents, benefactors, and 
all the faithful departed, etc. 

The sum of the Altar of SS. Crispin and Crispinian (is) xxs. 
with the alms, and now in the time of Mr. William Philp- 
sone the rental is augmented with xls. and xx^^. ; the total 
being iii/6. xxd. 

XIII. 

Thomas Prat 

The foresaid Thomas Prat, burgess of this burgh, in honour of 
Almighty God, the most Blessed Virgin Mary, S. Nicholas, the patron 
of the same (burgh), and specially of Thomas the Apostle and George 
the Martyr, and all saints, for the salvation of his soul, and the souls of 
his parents, benefactors, and all the faithful dead, founded, constructed 
at his own expense, and completed the Altar of the said SS. Thomas 
and George, situated within the Parish Church of S. Nicholas ; and 
gave and assigned to it the annual rents specified in the preceding 
charter. Furthermore, the foresaid Thomas, moved with divine zeal, 
presented to this altar one chalice of silver gilt, two complete vestments 
for the priest appointed to celebrate at that altar, one missal, four 
towels or linen cloths fitted for the altar, one pall, namely the forclatht ^ 
of arras work representing S. George, two cruets, two large candle- 
sticks above the altar and eleven smaller candlesticks on the stand.* 



XIV. 

In the year of our Lord 1498, on the i8th day of September, in the 
time of Sir John Prat, chaplain of the Altar of the Holy Cross, there 
were at that altar one silver chalice, two complete vestments for the 
priest, one corporal and three towels, with three volumes of the 
missal, and two pewter candlesticks. 

> For fcre-doth. The more usual term *' frontal *' was also employed in Scotland in the 
iSdi century. It occurs in the contemporary records of Trinity College Church, Edinburgh. 
Laing, ColUgiaU Churches of Midlothian^ p. 158. 

' Ctroferawiwrn : either a chandelier or a stand on which votive candles could be fixed 
and bomed ; probably die latter. 



32 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

XV. 
Charter by WiUiam Meldrum, endowing the Altar of S. Ninian. lyih 

August, 1490.^ (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, William Meldrum, lord 
of Fywe» wisheth eternal salvation in the Lord. Whereas .... 
Know, therefore, that I, for the increase of Divine worship, and in 
honour of Almighty God, of the most Blessed Virgin Mary His Mother, 
of S. Ninian the Confessor, and all saints, have given, etc., to Almighty 
God, to the most glorious Virgin Mary, to all saints, and to the Altar 
of S. Ninian, situated within the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of 
Abirden, and to Sir Robert Leis, my perpetual chaplain celebrating at 
the same, and to his successors who shall celebrate there, for my soul, 
and the souls of my parents, successors, benefactors, and of all the 
faithful dead, and of those from whom I ever received benefit, all and 
whole my annual rents underwritten, namely — One annual rent of forty 
shillings Scots to be drawn annually from all and whole the lands 
of Wattertoune of Ellon, on the river of Ythane, on the north side of 
the same : One annual rent of two merks Scots from all and whole 
the lands of Ordefork, with their pertinents, lying in the lordship 
of Meldrum, within the shire of Aberdene: One annual rent of 
thirteen shillings and four pence from the land of the late John 
Gregory,* lying within the said burgh of Abirden, in the Gallowgnte, 
on the west side of the street, between the land of Walter Wode on the 
south, and the land of John Culane on the north : One annual rent of 
ten shillings from the said land of the foresaid Walter Wode, between 
the land of Alexander Mathoson on the south : One annual rent of ten 
shillings from the said land of the foresaid John Culane, between the 
land of David Prat on the north, and the land of the said Walter Wode 
on the south : and one annual rent of six shillings and eight pence 
Scots from a certain land now waste and almost uninhabited lying in 
the Green, on the north side of the house of the Carmelite Friars of the 
said burgh — to be held, etc., by the said Sir Robert and his successors, 
the perpetual chaplains of the said altar, from me and my heirs in pure 



^ See Antiquities o/AbenUeu and Banff , HI. 45, where two chaplains of this Altar 
mentioned : Mr. Alexander Allardes and Andrew King. 

^ John Gregory could have possessed only what is called a fore land, towards the street 
The properties of Wood and Culane must have met at the back. 



LETTERS OF BAILLIE ON W. MELDRUM'S CHARTER. 33 

and perpetual alms for ever, with all rights, etc. . . . the right, however, 
of patronage of the said chaplaincy, as often as it shall become vacant, 

remaining to me and my heirs male 

In testimony whereof my seal is appended to this charter at Abirdene 
the 17th day of August, 1490, in the presence of Sir John Ruthirfurd of 
Terlane, knight. Provost of Abirdene; Alexander Menzes, Robert 
Blindsell, Thomas Prat, Alexander Red, Andrew Braunch, Alexander 
Marr, Andrew Murray, Walter Auchnew, burgesses of Abirdene ; John 
Menzes and William Blinsell, two baillies of the same ; and Sir John 
Streueling, priest and notary public ; with many others. 
The sum of this chaplaincy is v/6. xs. 

XVI. 
Letters ofbaillic and possession on the foresaid charter, lyth August, 1490. 

{Abstract.) 
William Meldrum of Fyvie, true and undoubted patron of the 
Altar of S. Ninian the Confessor, situated within the Church of S. 
Nicholas of Abirden, to honourable men, George Meldrum, my son and 
apparent heir, tp Alexander Chalmers, junior, of Methlik, to John Law 
and David Crukshank, and to each of them jointly and severally, my 
baillies specially appointed for this occasion, (wisheth) salvation^ 
Whereas I have given ... to Sir Robert Leis, my chaplain, one 
annual rent of forty shillings Scots from the lands of Wattertoune, with 
its pertinents, lying on the water of Ythane, in the parish of Ellon, and 
earldom of Buchane, and another annual rent of twenty six shillings 
and eight pence from my lands of Ordefork, with its pertinents, lying in 
the lordship of Meldrum, within the shire of Abirden, Whereof I charge 
and command you to hand over and deliver to the said Robert Leis, my 
chaplain, or to his certified procurator, the bearer of these presents, 
sasine and possession to him and his successors of the said annual rents, 
etc. And in sign of the sasine and possession given by you, let your seal 
be appended in the second tag after my seal. Given under my seal at 
the Burgh of Aberdene, 17th August, 1490. 

XVII. 

Charter of Mr. Duncan Scherar of Betschaur to Andrew Ranison of certain 
lands burdened with a payment to chaplains. 10th May, 1496. {A bstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Mr. Duncan Scherar, 



34 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

canon of Aberdeen and Parson ^ of Clat, (wisheth) eternal health in the 
Lord. Know that I, with forethought and careful consideration of my 
own benefit in the matter, have given and surrendered in feu, and 
confirmed by this present charter, to Andrew Ranison, cordiner burgess 
of Aberdene, all and whole that land, with its pertinents, belonging to 
me, lying within the said burgh of Aberdene in the Upperkirkgate, 
outside the gate on the north side of the said street, between the bum 
(rivulet) which descends from the Loch of the mills of the said burgh 
on the east, and the lands of Thomas Meldrum and Andrew Michelsone 
on the west, and the King's public way on the south, and the Loch on 
the north, to be held by the said Andrew, his heirs and assigns, from 
me and my heirs, in feu and heirship of our supreme lord the King, 
and in free burgage for ever, with all rights . . . the said Andrew 
. . . doing the usual duties to the King . . . and paying to the 
perpetual Chaplains of the College of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas 
of Abirdene one annual rent of thirty shillings usual Scots money, at 
the two customary terms, namely, Whitsunday and Martinmas . . . 
Purtheri the said Andrew, his heirs and assigns, the possessors of the 
land aforesaid, shall annually, at his own expense, execute buildings 
and improvements (on the property) at my sight, and at the sight of my 
heirs and of the chaplains of the said college. And if he fail, etc. 
... In testimony whereof the seals of the said Andrew, and of 
Andrew Cullan, one of the baillies of the said burgh, are appended at 
Abirdene loth May, 1496, before reputable men, Mr. John Kennerty, 
Sir David Walcar, and Sir William Cruickshank, chaplains; John 
Andersone, John Tailzour, Adam Ruyerfurde, burgesses and inhabitants 
of the said burgh ; Andrew Nachtie, sergeant ; and Sir John Sterueling^, 
notary public. 

XVIII. 

Minute of Court of Chamberlain^s Ayre. igtk July, i486. 

At the Court of Chamberlain's Ayre, held in the town-house of 
Aberdeen by a noble man, Alexander Guthre of that Ilk, the deputy and 
substitute of the magnificent and potent lord, David, Earl of Crafurd,^ 
Lord Lindesay, Great Chamberlain of Scotland, 19th July, i486, on 

^ In the Latin, ** rector,*' but in Scotland " parson ** has been the customazy rendering. 
> David, 5th Earl of Craufbrd, created Duke of Montrose 1488. 



COMMEMORATION ON EVE OF S. FOTINUS. 35 

which day the bar being calledi and the court legitimately confinnedi 
with proclamation for the days following. The names of the great 
Assize — ^Alexander Chamer, Alexander Menzeis, James Leslici Robert 
Blinseile, John Cullane, John CoUison, Alexander Red, David Menzeis, 
William Abirdour, Andrew Branch, Thomas Fif, John Wormet, Thomas 
Prat, Andrew Murray, Walter Auchneive, Robert Prat, and William 
Kintor. On which day the said Assize, being fully informed, deliberated 
over a schedule^ of secret inquisition presented to them on the said 
day so &r as concerns the tenement belonging to a venerable man, Mr. 
Duncan Scherar, Parson of Clat, lying outside the gate in the Upper- 
Idrkgate, near the bridge of the said street, beside the bum which 
issues from the Loch of the mills of the said burgh, now in all its parts 
lawfully founded by the said Mr. Duncan ; and (resolved) that it shall 
be lawful for him to build on the foundation now laid as in length so 
in breadth, and finally to finish it without loss or prejudice to anyone. 
Given and extracted from the book of the court by me, Alexander Boiss 
of Paobride, clerk of the court, and for greater security under the seal 
of the Chamberlain's Office of Scotland, in the year, month, and place 
aforesaid, there being present at the same honourable and discreet men, 
John Ogiluy of Ballnndoche, John Dempster of Ouchtirles, Mr. Geoi^ 
Stirueling, and Mr. William Barre, notaries public, and many other 
burgesses of the said burgh, called to' witness the foregoing. 

Written with my own hand by me, Alexander Boyis ' of Panbride, 
notary public, and clerk of the Chamberlain's Ayre.' 

XIX. 

On the vigil of S. Fotinus each year let there be a commemoration 

of those for whom Mr. Duncan Scherar was personally bound to pray, 

and let there be a solemn mass at the High Altar on the feast of S. 

Fotinus — namely, the 23rd of December — along with the other private 

> CMmhtm far ukgdmla, 

* The twiuune is the same w that of the historian, Hector Boeoe, the first Principal of the 
Unhrcrsity of Aberdeen ; he came from the same county as this man, and may have been a 



of Chalmers of Aberdeen (*< Willelmns db Camera de Abredon '*) signs as a 
to a decreet by Robert, Duke of Albany, in the dispute between the conmiunity of Ayr 
and Che Friars Preadiers anent an annuity of £"20 out of the Mills of Ayr. At Perth a5th 
Mardi, 1406. He may have been present in the suite of Gilbert Greenlaw, Bishop of Aber- 
who was there as Chancellor of Scotland (Charters of the Friars Preachers of Ayr ^ p. 39). 



36 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS, 

masses of the other chaplains.^ This Duncan, who, in his lifetime, 
was actuated by a remarkable affection for us whenever we had need 
of his protection, shewed himself, while he lived, faithful not only 
[Here there is in the MS. a blank spaced. And after his death let a 
solemn anniversary be celebrated on the day of his decease. 

XX. 

Charter by William Chalmer of FynSon, endowing the A Itar of S. Salvator? 

12th Septembert 1431. (Abstract.) . 

To all Christ's faithful people who shall inspect these letters 
William Chalmer of Fyndon and of that ilk (wisheth) salvation in the 
Saviour of all. Know that I have given, and for the salvation of my 
soul, and the souls of my wife, and our children, predecessors and 
successors, and by those presents have confirmed to the Altar of our 
Lord and Saviour, founded and erected by me in the Parish Church 
of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, to one chaplain ministering the Divine 
offices thereat, forty shillings usual Scots money, to be drawn annually 
in equal parts at the two usual terms from my lands of Brynnas Tail, 
lying in the Earldom of Buchan ; and always and henceforward the 
said forty shillings shall be paid to the said chaplain or his certified 
deputy on account of the ministration to be rendered at the said altar 
in manner aforesaid, in annual rents within the burgh of Aberdeen, by 
me and my heirs forever. ... In testimony whereof my seal is 
appended to those presents at Abirdene, 12th September, 1431, along 
with the seal of a venerable man, Sir John Kingome, ' perpetual vicar of 
Abirdene. 

The sum of the above is xls. 

' S. Fotiniu is no less a person than the martyred Pothinus, Bishop of Lyons, a.d. 177. 
The Breviary of Aberdeen declares that " the £sime of the blessed saint, extending through the 
world, reached the north of Scotland, and a basilica in his honour was erected within sight of 
the river Dee". Bishop Forbes (KaUndars of Scottish Saints, p. 351) says this was at Torry. 
Dr. Joseph Robertson believed that Foty was called after htm. Bishop Forbes says he was 
commemorated June 2, but the date in the Chartulary is confirmed by the Breviary of Aberdeen. 

' I'.r., The Blessed Saviour. The English form is " S. Saviour's," the name given 
after the Reformation to the great church of S. Mary Ouveries at Southwark. Similar 
dedications to Our Lord under various aspects occur both in the East and West : thus, ' ' S. 
Sophia "--the Church of (Christ) the Divine Wisdom, at Constantinople, and " II Redentore," 
the Redeemer, at Venice. 

* This is Sir John Kingorne, ucundus. 



CHARTER OF W. CHALMER— ALTAR OF S. KATHERINE. 37 

XXI. 

Charter by WUliam Chalmer of Fyndoun, endowing the Altar of S. 

Katherine. 2gth September , 1417. {Abstract*) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter William Chalmer, laird 
of Fyndone and burgess of Aberdene, wisheth eternal health in the 
Lord. Know ye that I, for the salvation of my soul, and the soul of 
Elizabeth, my late wife, and the souls of my father and mother, my 
j»^ecessors and successors — and especially of those from whom, with 
or without their will, I have received good— have given, etc, to Almighty 
God, to the Blessed Virgin Mary, and to all His saints, and to the Altar 
of S. Katherine the Virgin set up in the Church of S. Nicholas of Abir- 
dene, (and) to one chaplain, presented to celebrate there in perpetuity, 
six pounds thirteen shillings and fourpence usual Scots money, to be 
drawn at the usual terms, etc., from the lands (and) annual rents under- 
written, namely : Prom one land lying (in the street) called the Nether- 
kirkgate, on the north side of the same, between the land of the late 
John Crab on the east, and the land of the late Gilbert Kynross on the 
west, five shillings. 

Item. From one land which formerly belonged to Alexander de 
Gicht, in the Castle Street, between the land of the late William de 
Leitht on the east, and the land of the late Adam Pringill on the west, 
ten shillings. 

Item. From the land lying in the Castle Street on the north side 
of the same street, between the land of Fergus Adam on the east, and 
the land of the late John Penny on the west, twenty shillings. 

Item. From the land which Wilfrid Goldsmith* holds from me, 
l}ing at the end of the Castle Street opposite the Schipraw, between the 
land of the late John Stoyle on the south, and the land of Sir Alexander 
de K}iideloche, Vicar of Aberdene, on the north, sixteen shillings and 
eigfatpence. 

Item. From one croft near the Gallowhills which the heir of the 
late John Corbrande holds from me, three shillings and fourpence. 

Item. From the land which Nicholas de . • . holds from me 
in the Shiprow, between the land of the late Thomas de Mar on the 

^ Galfridus auri&ber. 



38 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

north, and the land of the said Nicholas on the south, three shillings 
and fourpence. 

Item, From one land lying in the street called Netherkirkgat on 
the south side of the same, between the land of the late Morice Sucide, 
^lexar,^ on the west, and the land of Robert de Gametuly on the east, 
nine shillings and sixpence. 

Item. Prom one land lying in the Gallowgate, on the east side 
thereof, between the land of the late Thomas Spring on the south, and 
the land of Lawrence de Leitht on the north, twenty-two shillings and 
sixpence. 

Item. From one croft, which is called Grethed, lying on the west 
side of the Denbum, west of what was the late John, the son of Collin's ; 
and from one croft lying at the end of the croft of Thomas de 
Mar, between the croft of the late John de Crab on the east, and one 
croft of the Carmelite Friars of Abirdene on the west, twenty shillings. 

Item. From the croft which is called Gallowhills, on the east side 
of the burgh ; and from one croft, which is called Langcroft, between 
the land of Thomas Vmfray on the south, and the land of the late John, 
the son of Andrew, twenty shillings. 

Item. From the crofts which I have bought from John, the English 
physician,* beside the Stokrud in the Denbum, and at the end of the 
castle of John de Ressivat, which is called the Kilecroft, four shillings. 

Item. From all my lands in Tolly which I bought lately from John 
Fraser, ten shillings. 

To be held, etc., with reservation of the right of patronage to me 
and my heirs as often as the said chaplain shall die or depart . • . 
to the payment whereof I bind myself and my heirs through all my lands 
and possessions, within or without the burgh, and my office as Gate- 
keeper of the Chapel Royal of our lord the King, etc. And I have given 
bodily sasine of the same at the said altar, and to the chaplain there 
celebrating, etc. In testimony whereof I have affixed my seal to the 
present charter, and have obtained the seal of my lord the most Reverend 
Father in Christ, Gilbert,' by the grace of God Bishop of Abirdene. At 
Abirdene, 29th September, 1417, before these witnesses: Thomas 
Roull, then Provost of Abirdene; Andrew Giifarde, Thomas Lamb, 

^ Probably slaUr, ' Medtcus. * Gilbert de Greenlaw, Bishop of Aberdeen 1390*1422. 



CHARTER BY WILLIAM FUTHES. 39 

John Fechat, Richard Pechat, John Henryson, Thomas Vmfray, and 
Robert Johnson, burgesses of Abirdene, with many others. 
The sum of this chaplaincy is £6 15s. 4^. 

XXII. 

To the Reverend Father in Christ, the Lord William, by the grace 
of God and the Apostolic See, Bishop of Aberdeen, or to his vicar- 
general for things spiritual, Alexander Iruyn of Drumme, undoubted 
lay-patron of the chaplaincy of S. Ninian, in the Church of S. Nicholas, 
Abiideen, (doeth) reverence and honour: Whereas the said perpetual 
chaplaincy, new vacant in law and fact by the death of the late Sir 
John Chamar, the last true and lawful holder of the same, or otherwise 
vacant. . • . [have presented ^ ] Sir John Blak presbyter of the diocese 
of Aberdeen to his ... or his vicar-general, according to the terms of 
the foundation • . . humbly requiring that you will confer upon the 
said Sir John, my presentee, the chaplaincy with the rent annexed to 
it of ten merks yearly from the Park of Drumme, a^ his predecessors 
have enjoyed the same. ... In testimony whereof my seal is appended 
to these presents at Drum, gth June, 14951 before these witnesses : 
John Skene, Gilbert Ross, William Clerk, and William Lutar, with 
divers others. 

XXIIL 

Charter by William Futhts to the Vicar and Chaplains of the Choir of our 

two annual renis.^ 18th May, 1500. {Abstract.) 

William Futhbs, burgess of Abirdene, for the increase of Divine 
service, in honour of Almighty God, the most blessed Virgin Mary, S. 
Peter the Apostle, and all saints, for the salvation of his soul, and of 
the souls of Agnes Auchneif, his first wife, and of Elizabeth Crage, his 
present wife, of their children, parents, benefactors, and those from 
wbom they less justly received any benefits, and of all the faithful dead, 
grants to the Vicar and Chaplains of the Choir of the Parish Church of 
S. Nicholas, in the bui^h of Aberdene, the following annual rents : — 
a rent of twenty shillings annually from the land of William Nicholsone 

' The text appears to be both defective and corrupt. 

**'zzr. out of Gilbert Hendries and William Menzes waste inland at the back of 
land." — Notet probably of lytk century^ on margin of Chariulary, 



40 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

on the north side of Castle Street, between the land of William Bynne 
on the east, and the land of the late Ranald Tailzeor on the west, and 
;the public roads on the north and south. And an annual rent of four 
/ shillings Scots from the inland of William Litster, alias Spens, in the 
Upperkirkgate, on the north side, between the land of Agnes Stinieling 
on the east, and the land of the late Andrew Scherar on the west, and 
the land of Margaret Buchan on the south. To be held by the said 
Vicar and Chaplains of the Choir, etc. The said Vicar and Chaplains, 
and their successors, celebrating every Monday in time to come a Mass 
of the Wounds of Our Lord Jesus Christ ^ at the Altar of S. Peter the 
Apostle, situated within the foresaid church, for the salvation of the 
souls above mentioned, etc. Sealed at Aberdeen i8th May, 1500. 
Witnesses — Mr. Alexander Gordone, Canon of Ross ; Alexander Reid, 
Alexander Mathowsone, Sir Andrew' Chamer, chaplain ; Richard Waus, 
Andrew Waus, Matthew Branche, William Buchan, John Annand, John 
Malison, William Crage, Alexander Crage, burgesses of Aberdene; 
William Scrimgeour and James Leis, sergeants ; and Sir John Stiniel- 
ing, notary public. 

XXIV. 

Letters of Possession to the Altar of S, Christopher of the Annual Rents 
founded by the late John Mathewsofi. 18/A SepU^ ^A7^' {Abstract) 

Thomas db Chalmbr, one of the baillies of the burgh of Abirdene, 
certifies that a prudent man, John Mathewson, burgess of the said 
burgh, came to him and requested that he would pass with him to the 
lands underwritten (to witness) the giving to Sir John Modane, chaplain, 
in his own name and on behalf of the Altar of S. Christopher, Martyr, 
founded anew by the said John Mathewson, and situated in the Parish 
Church of S. Nicholas, Abirdene, sasine and possession of the lands 
and annual rents following, to wit : — An annual rent of twenty shillings 
Scots from the tail of the land of John Pantoune of Petmedane on the 
west side of the Gallowgate, between the land of Andrew Baxter on 
the south and the land of the heirs of the late John Mar on the north, 
extending as far in length and breadth as the Loch of the said burgh on 
the west and the public way towards the east. Item^ an annual rent of 
ten shillings from a land lying in the same street, on the east side 

' See Appendix V. 



RENTAL OF ALTAR OF S. JOHN THE EVANGELIST. 4I 

thereof, between the land of Alexander Goldsmitht on the north and 
the patrimony of John Walcar on the south, and the public way on the 
east and west. liem^ one annual rent of eight killings from a land in 
the foresaid Gallowgate, between the land belonging to James de 
Kintor and his wife on the south, and the land of Michael Blackluggis 
on the north, the public King's high-way on the east, and the Gastraw^ 
on the west. Item^ one annual rent of twenty shillings from the land of 
the said John (son of) Matthew which belonged to the late Adam Atheris, 
lying in the Castlegaithed, between the land of the late William 
PoMTtine on the south, and the public King's high-way on the north , 
and the land of the said John (son of) Matthew on the same side, and 
the land of William Andersone towards the east, and the public King's 
high-way on the west. Therefore I, the foresaid baillie, etc., have 
given sasine to the said Sir John of these annual-rents and invested 
him bodily in possession of the same ... at Abirdene i8th 
September, 1470, before these witnesses — Mathew Pechat, William 
Rabson, Dauid Farchar, James Craik, Andrew Mar, Richard Modane, 
Thomas Tailzeour, John Stot, burgesses; Sir Edward Robertson, 
Robert Gillespy, town-clerk of the said burgh ; and Duncan Stralocht, 
one of the sergeants of the said burgh ; with many others. 

liem^ sixteen shillings and eight pence from the land of David 
(son of) Matthew lying in Castle Street, on the south side thereof, 
between the land of John Gillespy on the west and the public King's 
high-way, leading to the Castle-hill, on the east. 

The sum of this chaplaincy is ^3 13s. %d} 

XXV. 
Rental of the Altar ofS. John the Evangelist , I50i.* (Translation.) 
The late Richard Cementurius^ of good memory founded the Altar 

* This proves that the Gnettrow existed as a street beibre that widening of the soath 
part of the Gallowgate which gave us Broad Street 

* Frodnoed 2Sth April, 1601, by Andrew King in Ibnn of proof against John King. 
(Signed) Mollcson, cleric (Marginal NoU in Chartulary.) 

* This title is A marginal note in the Chartulary. The date is that of the Rental, not of 
Rkfaaid Cementarios, who seems to have lived much earlier. See in/raf Appendix I., C, No. i. 

* Cementarius means ** mason ". In a charter of Bishop Andrew de Moravia, the founder 
o^Elgin Cathedral, of date 1237, we find Magister Gregorius Cementarius and Ricardus 

F 



43 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

of S. John the Evangelist for the salvation of his soul, and the souls of 
his wife, his parents, his benefactors, and all the faithful dead, on the 
and of February, 1277. Which altar, and the perpetual chaplain 
thereof, he infeft in a certain large croft called S. John's Croft, 
lying on the south side of the road which leads to the Crabistane, and 
in another croft on the west side of the same road, now in the posses- 
sion of Andrew Ancroft, which brings in to the chaplain of the same 
(altar) an annual rent of ten shillings and eight pence. The same 
Cementurius infeft the same (altar) in a certain land lying in the 
Netherkirkgate, on the north side thereof, now between the land of Sir 
John Litster on the west, and the land of the late Matthew Wricht on 
the north, and the public ways on the east and south, from which the 
chaplain now draws an annual rent of twenty-one shillings and eight 
pence. Item, it was infeft by the late Aleicander Kintor and Katherine 
Ouchtirlouny, for the salvation of their souls, in ia garden lying below 
the Hill of S. Katherine the Virgin. Item, in an annual-rent of three 
shillings from the great croft of the Friars Preachers^ lying on the west 
side of the Cemetery of the Parish Church of Abirdene, called the 
Liddisdaill Croft. ItetHf it was infeft by the late Alexander Kintor 
in an annual-rent of thirteen shillings and four pence from the land of 
the late Mr. John Leuynstoun, Vicar of Inuerrugy ; and in an annual- 
rent of two merks from the land of the late Thomas Craftirde on the 
south side of Castle Street by the said Thomas, and Agnes Kintor, his 
wife. And the chaplain of the said altar shall annually cause the singers 
to sing two masses for the salvation of the souls of the late William 
Kintor, Alexander Kintor, Katherine Ouchtirlouny, and Agnes Crafurd. 

Let it be noted that no charter is held concerning this foundation, 
because after the foundation the burgh of Aberdene was in the hands of 
the English. 

The sum of this chaplaincy is £3 15s. 4^., exclusive of the croft and 
toft belonging to it.' 

Vitfcarius (Master QregOfy the Maion and Ridhard the Glaxier), of whom the learned Bditor 
oCthe Rigiitrum Moravienu^ Mr. Cosmo Innet, remarks that they were "without doubt two 
of the persons employed ** in building the Cathedral. Rigisirum Moravienu^ p. 133, and 
Note, p. xiii. 

^ The Dominican, or Black Friars. This croft seems to have been where the Back 
Wynd, the Schoolhill, and Bebnont Street now stand. 

' Produced 13th July, 1546. (NoU in iki ChartularyJ 



RENTAL OF S. PETER'S ALTAR. 43 

XXVI. 

RefUal of the Cfui^laincy of the Altar ofS. Kaiherine founded by the late 
Thomas de Chalmer of good memory. At Abirdene ^th March^ i5o^. 
(translation.) 

In primis from the land of Robert Blinseile lying in the burgh of 
Abirdene, in the Castle Street, on the north side thereof, thirteen 
shillings and four pence. Item^ from the land of John Wormet, on the 
south side of the same street, ten shillings. Itemf from the land of 
the late Thomas Quhit, now Patrick Leslie's, six shillings and eight 
pence. Item^ from the land of Janet Wyntone lying in the Netherkirk- 
gate, on the north side thereof, thirteen shillings and four pence. Item^ 
from the land of William Andirsone in the Green, near the land of 
Thomas Gladstane, five shillings. Item^ from the land belonging to 
the said altar, on the east side of the same street, six shillings. Item^ 
from the lands inhabited by Thomas Pyot and James Pyot, five 
shillings. Item^ from the Croft called the Sow Croft, near the 
Denbume, eight shillings. 

Also of the said annual-rents no charter is held. 

XXVII. 
Rental of S. Peter's Altar. (Translation.) 

The Rental of the annual rents of the Altar of S. Peter, the 
Prince of the Apostles, situated in the Parish Church of S. Nicholas, 
Confessor, Aberdeen, to be drawn by the chaplain of the same at 
the two half-yearly terms of Martinmas in winter and Whitsunday 
from the lands underwritten. In prtmiSf thirteen shillings and four 
pence from the land of Mr. John Cadiow,^ lying on the north side of the 
Upperkirkgate between the land of Adam de Craufurd on the east. 
Item^ twenty-six shillings and eight pence from the land of John de 
Scrogis,* on the west side of the land of the late Robert de Tuligreg,' 
on the south side of the Castle Street, and the land of the late John de 
Mar on the east. Item^ twenty shillings from the land belonging to the 

' Now belonging to John Murray, younger. (NoU in iki Chartulafy.) 

' Now belonging to the heirs of Andrew Meldnim. (NoU in iki Chartulary.) 

* TiBygieig is still the name of a farm in the parish of Udny, Aberdeenshire. 



44 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

heirs of the late Thomas Rolland,^ lying on the north side of the Gallow- 
gate, between the land of Thomas Croudan on the north, and the land 
of Richard Kintor on the south. lietHj six shillings from the land of 
John Stevinsone,' lying in the New Raw' of the Gallowgate, between 
the land of Andrew Baxtar on the south, and the land of John Quhit on 
the north. Item^ five shillings from a certain toft and croft lying in the 
Constabulary of Durris, within the Sheriffdom of Kyncardine. Item, 
six shillings and eight pence from the land of John Loremar, lying in 
the New Raw, between the land of Robert Quhit on the north, and the 
land of Duncan Tailzeour on the south, along with the Manse of S. 
Peter,^ lying on the north side of the Castle Street. 

The sum of (the income) of the Altar of S. Peter is ^^3 17s. Sd. 

lUtHf six shillings from the land of Robert Kennerty, lying in the 
Netherkirkgate on the north side, between the land of the late James 
Kennerty on the west, and the land of Andrew Straton on the east, 
the King's high-way on the south, and the little garden on the north. 
It holds this land from Mr. David Menzes, then chaplain, with consent 
of the patrons, as its own evidents, made thereon under the common 
seal, remain to show. 

XXVIII. 

Charter by Thomas Chaltner of MurthiU^ endowing A liar of S. Kaihcrine. 

24th Marchf 143 1 . {A bstracU) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter Thomas Chalmer of Murt- 
hill, burgess of Abirdene, wisheth eternal health in the Lord. Know 
that I, for the salvation of my soul, and of Elizabeth, my wife — and 
specially for the souls of t^ose from whom, justly or unjustly, I have or 
obtained any good things — etc. . . . have given forever to Almighty 
God, the blessed Virgin Mary, and all His saints, and to the Altar 
of St. Katherine the Virgin, within the Church of S. Nicholas of 

^ Now belonging to GUbert Menses. (Note in ihg Ckartulary.J 

* Now belonging to the chaplains of the choir. (NoU in the Ckartulary.) 

* The New Raw mutt have ran north and south, parallel to the Gallowgate, as the neigh- 
bonring tenemenu are on the north and south sides respectively of this property. Was it the 
Guestrow, then a ntw street ? 

« On or near the same site is the oldest Roman Catholic Church in Aberdeen, with the 
same dedication to S. Peter. 



CHARTER OF T. CHALMER — ALTAR OF S. KATHERINE. 45 

Abirdene, and to one chaplain presented thereto, for celebrating 
(mass) perpetually: Four merks (Scots), to be drawn half-yearly 
from the tenements, crofts, and annual-rents underwritten. From the 
Gallowhills, thirteen shillings and four pence. From William the son 
of Matthew two tenements lying in the Gallowgate, on the east side 
of the street, between the land of Christian de Kynnor ^ on the north, 
and the land of the late William Gowill on the south, ten shillings. 
From William Scherar's tenements near the church, lying in the 
Netherkirkgate between the two public ways on the north and on the 
west respectively, ten shillings. And from the tenement of James de 
Balfour, presbyter, lying in the Green next to the Carmelite Friars, six 
shillings and eight pence. And from the croft which is called Mary- 
croft, beside the spring of the blessed Virgin Mary,^ in the territory of 
Denbume, six shillings and eight pence. And from the croft which is 
called CeUwerd, lying in the territory of the Denbume, between John 
de Kynnynmond's croft on the south, and the Carmelite Friars* croft 
on the north, six shillings and eight pence. To be held, etc., . . . 
saving only my free possession of the said four merks for the whole 
period of my life. And if, after a vacancy has occurred in the said 
chaplaincy, I or my heirs have not used our right of presentation to the 
same within twenty-one days immediately following, I will and promise 
that the Provost ' of the said burgh, with advice of the privy council of 
the same, shall have full power to present a fit chaplain. . . . And 
I have given sasine and possession of the same in the hands of a prudent 
man, John Bumat, then one of the baillies of the burgh of Aberdeen. 
... In witness whereof I have appended my seal, and the seal of an 
honourable man, John de Fif, then Provost, and the common seal of the 
burgh of Abirdene, along with the seal of the foresaid John Bumard, 
one of the baillies. . . . Done at Abirdene, 24th March, 1437, 
before honourable witnesses, men prudent and of good repute: the 
said John de Fif, then Provost ; Gilbert de Menzeis, Richard de 
Ratherfurd, John Vokat, Andrew de Cullane, Andrew Branche, Adam 
de Hill, Thomas Umfray, William de Caidiou, town-clerk, Angus 

^ Kiniioir is the name of an old parish in Aberdeenshire, now part of Huntly. 

* The locality is commemorated in Marywell Street. 

* Prepodtum. In such minutes of the Council at this period as are in English the title 
of the diief magistrate is invariably Alderman. 



46 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Adam, Stephen Johnstone, John Alexander, Moyses Alexander de 
Spense, and William Mathewson, burgesses of the said burgh, along 
with Henry Sclater and William Atkinson, two of the sergeants, with 
many others. 

The sum of the chaplaincy founded by the late Thomas de Chalmer 
is £6 13s. 412. 

XXIX. 

Charier by William of Strabrock endowing Altar of S. James, z^fh March, 

1340.^ (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, William de Strabrock,^ 
burgess of Aberdeen, and laird of Fowren, wisheth eternal health in the 
Lord. Know that I, with consent and assent of William de Strabrock, 
my son and heir . . . have given to the Altar of S. James the 
Apostle, in the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, six 
merks sterling of annual rents to be drawn for ever from the lands 
underwritten, vi2. — Forty shillings sterling from the land which Arthur 
de Aberporthoc formerly held from me in feu lying in the Castle Street, 
on the north side, between the land then belonging to Bidr (?) Dichly 
on the west and the land of the heir of the late John de Rossy on the 
east ; and if the heirs of the said Arthur are unwilling to hold the said 
land for the said feu-duty, then I will that the said land, with its 
pertinents, remain for ever the possession of the said Altar of S. 
James, rendering henceforth service to our lord the King only. And 
twenty shillings sterling from the land which Ninian Stryle holds from 
me in feu, lying in the Castle Street, between the land of Thomas de 
Strane on the west and the land of Robert de Salchot on the east. 
And seventeen shillings and eight pence sterling from the land which 
Hugh de Rodinum holds of me in feu, lying in the Castle Street 
opposite the Cross, between the land of Robert de Edynhuim on the 
south and the land of William Ettel on the north. And one part of 
land lying in the street of Foty, which was formerly called Redbacks 
(Rubea Postrina), of whatever value it may be ... To be held, 
etc. . . . with reservation of the right of presenting to the Lord 
Diocesan of Abberdene a suitable chaplain to celebrate at this altar 

^ See Registmm Aberdonenu, I. 67. 

* Alderman of the burgh from 1329-31, and again from 1333-34. (SN^ra,'p. 12.) 



ALTAR OF THE HOLY CROSS. 47 

9fhen need is, etc. In testimony whereof my seal is appended to this 
charter and, at the instance of my heir, the seal of a venerable Father in 
Christ, the Lord Bishop, by the grace of God, of Abberdene, and the 
common seal of the burgh of Abirdene. Done, given, and written at 
Abiidene on the Saturday in the Feast of the Annunciation' of the 
blessed Virgin Mary, in the year of grace 1340. 

Copy certified by William Philipsoun, notary public, 19th De- 
cember, 1526. 

XXX. 



of Alcj^ander Club to Chaplaincy of the Altar of the Holy 
Cross. 30/A September, 1461. 

Lbt it be plain to all by these presents that I, Alexander Howyson, 
buigess of Abberdene, have presented ... a discreet man, Sir 
Allexander Club, chaplain of the diocese of Aberdeen, to serve the 
chaplaincy,' of ten merks yearly rental founded by me at the Holy 
Cross Altar, commonly called "The Browne Croiss," in the Parish 
Church of S. Nicholas, in the said burgh, etc. ... In testimony 
whereof my seal is appended to these presents at the said Burgh of 
Abberdene 30th September, 1461. 

XXXI. 

Attestation by the Burgh of Alexander Howyson* s endowment of the Altar of 
the Holy Cross, ^oth September, 1461. {Abstract.) 

To all and sundry to whose notice these letters shall come, the 
Provost, Councillors, and Baillies of the Burgh of Abberdene wish 
health. Forasmuch as it is pious, etc., to bear testimony to the 
truth, especially in these things in which the hiding of the truth may 
beget loss and prejudice to the innocent, ' wherefore whereas a prudent 
man, Allexander Howyson, son and heir of the late John Howyson, 
burgess of the said burgh, appearing personally before us, declared that 
he, for the increase of Divine worship, and for the salvation of the souls 

* 35th March. 

' It was the endowment that was founded by Howyson, not the Altar, which was much 
— 1357- C/. bL. and xxxi. 
' An annsaal and interesting form. 



48 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

of his father and his mother, of his own soul, and the soul of Isabella 
Culanne, his wife, etc. . . . has given to Almighty God, and to His 
Mother the blessed Virgin Mary, and to all saints, and to the Altar 
of the Holy Cross called ''The Browne Croise,** situated in the 
Parish Church of S* Nicholas, Confessor, of the said burgh, and to 
Sir AUexander Club, chaplain, for the whole term of his life . . . 
and for a perpetual chaplain to celebrate there, an annual rent of ten 
merks Scots . • . from the lands and crofts underwritten, namely 
— From a certain land lying in the head of the Castle Street, between 
the land^ of the heirs of the late William Pulti on the south and the 
public King's high-ways on the north and west, twenty shillings Scots. 
From the land of John Ratree in the same street, on the north side, 
between the land of Robert Blyndeseile and the land of David de 
Kyntor, thirteen shillings and four pence. And from the great croft of 
William Cryne lying in the Faty, of which croft half is in the hands 
of the heirs of William Adamdon and the other half in the hands of the 
heirs of the said William Cryne, between the croft of William Blynd- 
seile on the north and the croft of the heir^ of the late William de 
Leith, laird of Bernis, on the south, twenty shillings. And from his 
own two fore-lands lying in the Gallowgate, on the east side thereof, 
between the land of John Stevynson on the north and the land, then 
John Paterson's, but now William Buchan's, baker, on the south, thirteen 
shillings and four pence. And from the land, then Adam Cardeny's, 
but now belonging to the heirs of David Paterson, lying in the street 
(called) "The Gastrawe," between the land of Mathac Glaster on 
the north and the land of David Symson, now being in the hands of 
William Vormot, on the south, fourteen shillings. And from the land 
of the said Mathac Glaster lying collaterally in the same street, 
between the land of the late David Blaber, now being in the hands of 
John Knollis, on the north and the lands of the heirs of the late David 
Patersoune on the south, thirteen shillings and four pence. And from 
the land of the late William Cadeowe* in the Gallowgate, now being in 
the hands of Mr. Andrew Bisset, Chamberlain of the Lord Bishop, 

^ This is the site of the old Record Ofiice (now, in 1891, removed, to the great injoiy 
of the appearance of the fine old square), at the comer of Justice Street and Castle Street. 

* A witness, if any is required, to the proper pronunciation of Cadzow. The modem 
** z *' in such words is simply a mistake for the short '* y " fiDrmerly in use. 



DISPUTE BETWEEN TWO CHAPLAINS. 49 

between the land of the heirs of Thomas Chawmer on the north and 
the kind of John Doncanson of Banf on the south, sixteen shillings 
and eight pence. And from the land of WilHam Beelde in the street 
of SculhilU between the land of Thomas Meldrum on the east and the 
land of Allexander Crag on the west, nine shillings and four pence. 
And from the land of the foresaid Allexander Crag, lying collaterally in 
the said street, and between the land of the foresaid William Beelde on 
the east and the land of Alexander Vilsoune on the west, two shillings. 
And from his own croft, commonly called the " Cragvele '* (Craigwell), 
lying to the west of the said burgh, near the King's high-way which leads 
to Rabbislaw, called the Lonyne (Loaning), on the south of the said 
way, having the Carmelites' croft on the south side and the said King's 
high-way on the north, thirteen shillings and four pence. Of which 
ten merks and annual rents Andrew Scherar, one of the baillies of the 
said burgh, according to the said Alexander Howyson's admission and 
assertion, gave and assigned to the said Sir Alexander Club institution 
and real and corporal possession at the said altar, for himself and for his 
successors serving at the said altar, with all power of levying and taking 
the same and of distraining for them. And by reason of the foundation 
and possession of this altar, we have, by these presents, conferred the 
rights of the patronage of the said altar on the said Allexander him- 
self and his successors ; the right of patronage of the said chaplaihcy 
and altar to remain in perpetuity with his heirs and successors. 

In the attestation of all and each provision whereof the said Sir 
Allexander Club sought and obtained that our common seal which we 
use in causes should be appended at the said burgh the last day of 
September, 1461, before these witnesses — Richard de Kintor, then 
Provost ; Andrew Menkes, Andrew Alanson, John Mar, John Scrogis, 
Andrew Scherar, John de Kyntor, baillies; Thomas Alanson, Robert 
Boide, Mr. Robert Stewart, Sir John Morison, chaplain ; John Vaus, 
sergeant ; with many others. 

XXXII. 

Decreet by Burgh Court in dispute between Sir Alexander Club and Sir 

John Mpdane, 1471. (Translation.) 

To all and each to whose knowledge these letters shall come the 

Provost, Councillors and Baillies of the burgh of Abberdene wish salva- 

G 



50 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

tion and the Divine blessing. Seeing it is pious and meritorious to 
bear faithful testimony to the truth — and particularly in those things 
which find due and legal termination before the judges — ^whence it is 
that, whereas, before us sitting as a tribunal in the town-house of the 
said burgh, on the Monday after the Feast of S. John the Divine,^ in 
the year 1471, in full head-court there holden, there came to our bar 
Sir AUexander Club, chaplain and procurator of the Holy Cross Altar, 
commonly called " The Browne Croyce," with his procurator, Doncan 
Sawchar of Murcroft, on the one side, and Sir John Modane, chaplain 
of S. Christopher, on the other. And there came from Robert Gillespy, 
town-clerk of the said burgh, three processes lawfully drawn by them, 
in the three capital agreements as is contained more fully in the 
book of the acts of our court, concerning the recovery of posses- 
sion of the middle part of a certain fore-land lying in the head of 
the Castle Street, between the land of the heirs of the late William 
Puiti on the south, and the land of John Mathosone on the north ; 
and concerning a middle part of the in-Iand of the same, lying be- 
tween the land of William Adamsoune on the west, and the common 
King's vennel leading to the Castle-hill of the said burgh on the 
east, on account of the failure to pay an annual rent of twenty 
shillings (Scots) due from the same, as is alleged, to the said altar, and 
for a long time not paid : which processes having been read through 
with a loud and intelligible voice in open head-court, and the allega- 
tions of both sides having been heard, and evidents, charters, and 
foundations produced, shown, inspected, and understood, the said Sir 
AUexander Club, in the name aforesaid, instantly petitioned that law and 
justice should be done to him in regard to the foresaid lands ; and the 
time expected being come, and all things finished as the law requires, 
the court being well advised, and the beadles having called for 
objectors and none appearing, decreet was made by the court, and inti- 
mated by the mouth of William Sereff, crier to the court, that the said 
Sir AUexander Club, in the name aforesaid, had lawfully recovered pos- 
session of the said land^ and their pertinents, with the rents and in- 
comings thereof, on account of the failure to pay the foresaid annual 
rent, and perpetual silence was imposed on the said Sir John Modane 

^ a7th December. 



RENTAL OF S. MARY'S ALTAR. $1 

and all others making any claim to the above. Of all which the said 
Sir Allexander Club requested that our letters testimonial should be 
given him, which we conceded, under the Round Seal ^ which we use 
for causes corroborated by impression of our seal. Before these wit- 
nesses : Richard Kyntor, John Mar, Andrew Alanson, Andrew Scherar, 
David Colisoun, Thomas Fyf, Thomas de Chalmer, Allexander Blyn- 
desele, David Mathosone, Robert Gillespy, and Philip Dumbrek, ser- 
geant, and divers others. 

The sum of the rental of the chaplaincy of Holy Cross, called " le 
Brovne Croicc," £6 13$. 412. 

Item from a certain croft of John Colysoune's, called " The Kyle 
Croft/* going down from the Kiln to (the) Loch Croft of the same 
street, two shillings. Item from a certain land lying in the Grene, 
between the land of the heirs of Robert Club on the north, and the 
garden of Gilbert Murison on the south, between the two bums flow- 
ing down to the House of the Holy Trinity, and the Nether Mill,^ now 
in the hands of Patrick . . . , nine shillings. 

xxxni. 

Renitd of ike Revenues of the A liar of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the South 
Choir^ of the Church of S. Nicholas of the Burgh ofAberdene, drawn up 
in the Provostship of John Kaus, 1444.^ {Translation.) 

In primiSf in the Upperkirkgate, 

Fkou the land of Robert Valanch, on the north side of the same 
street, between the land of Thomas Club on the west and the common 
vennel leading from the Loch of the said burgh on the east, two 
shillings. liem^ from the land which Andrew Thomson, shoemaker, 
now holds, on the north side of the street, between the land of John 

*T1ie Rovnd Seal. Most probably the aeal afterwards known as Uie Secret Seal. 

* The Nether or Tarnty MHl. For the position of the mill see Gordon's map, 1661. 

* The South Choir was the South Transept, " Drum's Aisle *'. 

* 4th Nov., 1521. Produced in form of proof by Mr. Thomas Shuter, Curate of Aber- 
John Vschar. (Noti in tkg Chartulary,) The date 1444 must not be taken to 

subsequent entries : r^., Mr. Thomas Chamer, whose " new house ** in the Green is 
flourished half a century later ; see xxxiv. 



S2 CHARTULARY OP SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Traile on the east and the land of the late Angus Blak on the west , 
five shillings, /^m, from the land of William Fitchet, the son of 
Richard, on the said north side, between the land of John Stewart on 
the east and the land of the heirs of the late Nicholas Loryman on the 
west, twelve pence. Item, from the land of Nicholas de Cambee in 
which he dwells, lying on the said north sidd, between the land of 
John Rogerson on the east and the land of Thomas Murreff on the 
west, six shillings and eight pence. 

Revenues of the said A liar in the GaUowgate. 

In primist from the land of William Fichet, the son of the late 
Nicholas Fichet, lying on the west side of the said street, between the 
land of Adam de Hill on the north and the land of Thomas Lyp on the 
south, two shillings and six pence. 

ItetHy from a croft lying at the north end of the said street, on the 
east side thereof, between the croft of John Bertlousoun on the north 
and the croft of John de Scrogis, father, on the south, two shillings and 
six pence. 

Item, from the land of Allexander Gray in which he dwells, lying 
on the east side of the said street, between the land of Andrew Benying 
on the south and the land of the said Allexander on the north, six 
shillings and eight pence. 

Item, from the land of Thomas Blyndsele lying in the Buthrawe ^ 
of the foresaid street, on the west side of the same, between the land of 
William Fodryngamme on the north and the land of the late David 
Traile on the south, six shillings and eight pence. 

Item, from the land of the heirs of the said late David Traile and 
John Gray lying in the Buthraw aforesaid, between the land of the 
foresaid Thomas Blyndseile on the north and the land of Simon Blaber 
on the south, six shillings and eight pence. 

Item, from the land of Robert Fraser lying in the Buthraw 
aforesaid, between the public King's high-way on the north and the 
land of William de Fodringamme on the south, three pounds six 
shillings and eight pence. 

' The Buthrawe, i.^., The Booth-row, or line of shops. It was better known by the name 
of the Hucksters* Raw, to the east of Broad Street, demolished (tSyo) to make room ibr the 
present Municipal Buildings. 



RENTAL OF S. MARY*S ALTAR. 53 

liem^ from the new building of Allexander Fraser, the late father 
of the said Robert lately deceased, it is to be noted that the said 
annual rent is conceded from the ground of the said land, no other 
taking precedence of it. 

Revenues of the said Altar in Castle Street. 

From the land called '* The Newport " held by the heirs of the late 
Andrew Kymysoune and John Robertson of Elgyn, lying between the 
land of John Benyng on the west and three public King*s high-ways ^ 
on the north, east, and south, twenty shillings and eight pence. 

Item^ from the land of the late Henry Prestoun, now held by 
Gilbert Menzes, lying on the north side of the said Castle Street, 
between the land of John Kyntor on the west and the land of Adam 
Benyng on the east, sixteen shillings. 

Item^ from the land of John Scherar of Deer, lying on the north 
side of the said street, between John Bowar's land, wherein the said 
John Scherar dwells, on the east and the land of John Benyng on the 
west, ten shillings. 

Itentt from the land of John Archer, lying in the fosse of the castle, 
between the land of William Pulti on the south and the common 
King's highway on the north, five shillings.^ 

In the street of FtUy. 

ItetHf from the croft of Allexander Cryne beside the streamlet 
called Colcrike, on the south side thereof, five shillings. 

In the Grene. 

Item, from the land of John Club, dyer, lying on the east side of 
the aqueduct (the mill-lade), between the land of the said John on 
the south and the land of Allexander Kyntor on the north, two shillings. 



' Three ways. 
N 



W- 



^*^ H>^tf . 



Castle Street 



Exchequer Row. 



^ Produced gth Dec., 1530, in the case of Mr. Shaw against Sir Andrew Scherar. (Note 
in the CkartmUryJ 



54 CHAKTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Item, from the land once belonging to ^dam de Bedis, which 
William de Coutis now holds, between the land of the late William de 
Stradee on the south and the three public ways on the south, east, and 
north, eight pence. 

ItefHt from the land of Allexander Andersoun and the land of 
Thomas Andersoun, lying between the land of the late Matthew 
Ettale, now held by John Sprunt, on the south and the vennel which 
lies on the south side of the Cemetery of the Church of S. Nicholas on 
the north, three shillings and four pence. 

/^m, from the land belonging to the late William Scherar which 
he feued to Sir Allexander de Irwyne, laird of Drum, Knight, and the 
tail of the same to William Baxster, lying between the land of the 
foresaid William Scherar on the east and the common vennel which 
lies on the east side of the Cemetery of the Church of S. Nicholas on 
the west, four shillings. 

Itentf from the new-built land of Master Thomas Chamer, Curate 
of Aberdene, lying outside the gate of the Gallowgate, on the east side 
of the King's high-way, as well from the houses as from the crofts, five 
shillings ; with twelve pence of augmentation (given) thereafter by the 
sam6 Curate. 

In the Skipraw. 

From the land which Thomas Branche now occupies, lying on the 
west side of the same street, between the land of Robert Sprunt on the 
north, and the land of Thomas Blyndseile on the south, five shillings. 

ItetHf from the land of John Stokar lying in the Upperkirkgate, 
between the lands of Adam Litster and John Catnes, ten shillings. 

Item, from the lands of the said John Stokar, in the Grene beyond 
the bridge, ten shillings. 

Item, from the land of the late Galfrid Bumat in the Gastrawe, 
between the lands of John Robertson and John Gray, four shillings. 

Item, from the land of Andrew Balhuny, now held by John Gregory, 
in the Grene, two shillings. 

Item, from the land of the late John Cruickshank, lying in the 
Netherkirkgate, seven shillings. 

Item, from the land of the late John Sprunt lying in the Nether- 
kirkgate, between the land of the late David Gethane on the east, and 



PRESENTATION TO CHAPLAINCY OF S. MARY. $5 

the land of the late Andrew Cumyne, butcher, on the west, three 
shillings and four pence. 

Item, from the land of the late Robert Gillespy, lying in Castle 
Street near the hill, twelve pence. 

Ornaments of the said Altar. 

Inprimis^ one chalice of silver, gilt. 
Item^ one missal of parchment. 

Item^ three chasubles and two tunicles of silk, with a black cope of 
silk (and) a third chasuble of white linen. 
Itcm^ two albs and two amices. 

liem^ two towels. 

* 

Item^ two antependiums for the altar— K)ne of arras, and the other 
of silk, mounted on wood. 

Item^ two frontals^-one of arras, and the other of black worsted. 

Item^ one large frontal of red worsted, which goes round the whole 
altar amply. 

liem^ one long chest, and another round one, well bound with iron 
and locked. 

Ittm^ a four ounce hearse.^ 

Item^ two linen vestments for Lent — one before the altar, and the 
other before the tabernacle above the altar. 

But who gave these ornaments is not known. 

The patrons of the said chaplaincy and altar arc the Provost, 
Council, and community of the town. 

XXXIV. 

Presentation of Mr. A lexander Fyf to Cltaplaincy of A Itar of S. Mary, i/^th 

December^ 1484. 

To all who shall inspect these letters, the Provost, Baillies, Coun- 
cillors, and certain of the community of the burgh of Aberdene, repre- 
senting for the time being the whole body of the said town, wish health 
in the Lord. Know that we have unanimously and freely given to our 
much-loved and well-deserving Mr. Allexander Fyf, chaplain, our chap- 
laincy of the Altar of S. Mary the Virgin, the most glorious Mother of 

^ Brca^ for erchia. Whence (Fr.) heru, (Scot.) hearse. 



$6 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

God, in the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of the said burgh» vacant by 
the death of the late Sir Andrew Scheres, the last chaplain and possessor 
thereof, with every right belonging to our presentation and disposal of 
the same, for the whole term of his life, to administer it as his prede- 
cessors, the chaplains of the said altar, served it in the customary 
Divine offices with possession of the foresaid chaplaincy and altar, 
requiring due' execution of the same by all our neighbours whom it 
interests or may interest, that to the said Mr Allexander or his agents, 
in everything that concerns all the fruits, revenues accruing or occur- 
ring, oblations, emoluments, rights and pertinents of the said altar, they 
promptly respond, obey and give heed, for all which we commit to him 
by these presents the power of distraint, etc. In testimony whereof 
our common seal is appended to this our grant, to remain forever, in 
the presence of the said Mr. Allexander. At Aberdene, loth December, 
1484. 

The sum of the rental of S. Mary's is j^io and ^^od. 

^ Mr. Thomas Chawmer, chaplain of the Altar of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary, adorned the said altar with two antependiums — namely, frontals 
— one of silk, and the other of cloth of gold, both being round the whole 
altar. And the said Mr. Thomas decorated the said altar with a printed 
book,* and three albs, and three towels, and twenty-iive wax candles above 
the altar. 

I ikEQUiRE that there be inscribed in this book the new rental 
recovered by me, Mr. Thomas Chawmer, Curate of Abber- 
den and chaplain of the said altar, corrected by the pos- 
sessors of houses and crofts of that time, in the year of 
our Lord 1513, in the provostship of an honourable man, 
Gilbert Menzes. 

(Signed) Thomas Chawmer, Notary Public, 

With my own hand. 

' At this point the handwriting changes. 

' Liber ex fressura. It may be allowable to conjecture that this ** printed book " — not 
written, as hitherto — ^was a copy of Bishop Elphinstone's Aberdeen Breviary, which issued 
from the press of Chapman of Edinburgh 1509-10. 



ALTAR OF S. ANDREW, IN CATHEDRAL. 57 

XXXV, 

Charter by Mr. Dnncan Scherar, endowing the Altar of S. Andrew in the 
Cathedral Church. 1st March, 150 J. (Abstract.) 

To all the faithful in Christ who shall see or hear this charter, Mr. 
Duncan Scherar, Prebendary of Clat and Canon of Aberdeen, (wisheth) 
eternal health in the Lord. Whereas . • . therefore, I, the said 
Mr. Duncan, led by the effect of pious devotion, in honour of the Holy 
and Undivided Trinity, of the most glorious Virgin Mary, of S. Andrew 
the Apostle, and of SS. Moloc^ and Fotinus and all saints of God, in 
augmentation of a chaplaincy, and of one fit chaplain to celebrate per- 
petually in the Cathedral Church of Abirdeen, at the Altar of S. Andrew, 
founded in part from of old -by the late Mr. Lawrence Pyot, of good 
memory, sometime Archdeacon (of Aberdeen), in order anew to amplify, 
endow and augment that chaplaincy, the Lord favouring me, have dis- 
posed and arranged concerning the lands and annual rents underwritten, 
with consent and assent of my lord, the Lord William, Bishop of Abir- 
deen, and the chapter of the same, as is more fully contained the letters 
patent made for me concerning the patronage of the same. Know, 
therefore, all of you, that I, with the consent and assent aforesaid, and 
seeking the contemplation of God, have given, . . . and . • • 
in mort-main,* as far as it is in my power, have confirmed to God, and to 
the most glorious Virgin Mary, and S. Andrew, S. Moloc, S. Fotinus, and 
the said altar and chaplain to celebrate there for the salvation and the 
souls of James the Fourth, now the most illustrious king of Scots, and of 
the reverend father in Christ and lord, the Lord William, now Bishop of 
Abirdeen, and for my soul, and the souls of my father and mother, and the 
former founders of the same chaplaincy, of our parents and successors, 
of my brothers, sisters, and benefactors, and all others living or dead, 
from whom I ever received any good things, and did not fully repay the 
same — ^that whole tenement or land of mine newly built, lying in the 

^ S. MoloCt Bishop and Confiessor, is connected with the foundation of the two 
Highland Sees of Argyle (Lismore) and Ross, and was the reputed founder of many eccle- 
<i«i>iral establishments, chiefly in the Western Isles. Bishop Forbes (Scottish KaUndars^ 
409) gives his date 592. The Church of Clatt, of which Scherar was Parson, was dedicated to 
S. Moloc ; there was a yearly Dsur in that parish called S. Malloch's Fair. Cf. also Rcgistrum 
Aberdomnu, I. 214, 234 ; II. 411. 

' Ad wtartuam manttm. 

H 



58 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

University of Abirdeen between the public king's highway on the east, 
and the lands of Setone on the west, the land of Mr. Adam Gordon, 
Precentor of Moray on the south, and the public vennel on the north. 
And one annual rent of ten shillings from the land of Andrew Kennerty, 
lying in the same University of Abirdeen, between the land of John 
Zong on the south, and the land of William Wilsoune on the north. 
Know, moreover, that I for my soul's health, and for the souls aforesaid 
have given ... to one youth, a student in arts of my blood, if 
such be found apt for literary studies, who shall make personal residence 
in the New College of the University of Abirdeen, all and each the 
annual rents undemoted, extending annually to the sum of three pounds 
ten shillings, viz., one annual rent of ten shillings from the land of the 
late William Andrissoune, lying in the burgh of Abirdene in the 
Netherkirkgate, between the land of the late David Symsoune on the 
south, and the land of the late David Watsoune on the south, and the 
public king's highway on the east; and one annual rent of twenty 
shillings from the land of John Collisoune lying in the Gallowgate on 
the east side of the same street, between the land of the late William 
Cantuly on the south, and the land of Richard Hill on the north. And 
one annual rent of twenty shillings from the land of Sir John Ruthir- 
furde, Knight, lying in the Upperkirkgate of the said burgh, on the south 
side thereof, between the land of Richard Wauss on the east, the 
running bum on the west, the public king's highway on the north, and 
the land of the late Thomas Cullane on the south. And one annual rent 
of five shillings from the land of William Amfra, lying in the burgh 
of Kintor called the Perk, on the north side of the street of the same, 
between the land of John Smart on the east and the loch of the said 
burgh on the west. And one annual rent of five shillings from the 
land of the said John Smart, lying on the south side of the same street, 
between the land belonging to the heirs of the late John Forbes on the 
east and another land of the said John Smart's on the west. And one 
annual rent of four shillings from two roods of the said John Smart's on 
the south side of the said street, between the land of John Dennys on 
the west and the common vennel on the east. And one annual rent of 
three shillings from four roods of William Thomsoune's, lying in the 
said burgh of Kintor, on the north side of the King's high-way, between 
the land of William Myl on the north and east. And one annual rent 



ALTAR OF S. ANDREW, IN CATHEDRAL. 59 

of two shillings from two roods of Andrew Kelle*s, lying within the said 
Burgh of Kintor, on the south side of the said village, whereof one lies 
between the land of the Hospital of S, Thomas of Abirdene on the east 
and the land of Fergus Philpe on the west, and the other rood lies 
between the land of John Kelle on the east and the land of the Hospital 
of S. Thomas on the west. And one annual rent of twelve pence from 
two roods lying in the same burgh, between the land of John Smart on 
the west and the land of the said Hospital on the east. Know further 
that I have given, etc., to venerable men, the lords, masters, chaplains, 
and boys founded, or to be founded, in the New College of the University 
of Abirdene one annual rent of twenty shillings, to be drawn yearly 
from the land of Richard Hil, lying in the said Burgh of Abirdene, 
in the Gallowgate, on the east side of the street, between the land of 
John Collisone on the south and the land of the late Duncan Lundoris 
on the north, for one Anniversary to be celebrated at the High Altar for 
those for whom I am bound to pray on the Feast of S. Moloc ^ annually 
so long as I shall live, and, after my death, they and their successors 
shall celebrate for the salvation of my soul, and of the souls of my 
parents, benefactors, and all the faithful dead, annually, on the day of 
my decease, a Solemn Anniversary, namely, the o£Bice of the dead, 
Placebo and Dirige, on the night before, and a musical mass on the day, 
with a trenthal of masses in the week following. Moreover their 
collector shall annually place upon my monument a table, and cover the 
same with a decent pall, and find lights, as the custom is in such 
anniversaries. All and whole the tenements and annual rents aforesaid 
to be held from me and my heirs in pure and perpetual alms by the 
foresaid Chaplain of S. Andrew's Altar, bursar, and the lords masters, 
chaplains, and boys of the New College of Abirdene, and their 
successors, as freely, etc., as any church lands or rents are held in 
Scotland, etc. Further, I will that if no young man of my blood apt 
for studies be found, another who is apt be presented at each vacancy. 
And I will that the chaplain, be he who he may, who is to celebrate at 
the Altar of S. Andrew, shall not hold another cure or benefice, except 
it be a benefice or office so small in value that the said chaplain can 
lawfully hold and minister, as is prescribed in the said chaplaincy, (can) 
make personal residence in the New College and at his chaplaincy as 

1 asth June. 



60 CHARTULAKY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

aforesaid. Tberafore, when it happens that the said chaplaincy is 
vacant, whether by death, or by (the chaplain's) being called to some 
other service, or by the departure of the student, or in any other way, 
I will, ordain, etc., that the presentation to the said chaplaincy and bursary 
belong to me during my earthly life, and after my decease to my 
Reverend Lord William, now Bishop of Abirdene, during his earthly life, 
and after our decease to my lords the presiding^ dean and chapter of 
Abirdene, and (if it happens the presiding dean and chapter, without 
lawful cause, fail to present to the said chaplaincy so vacant, or to 
the student's bursary, for above forty days from the day that the vacancy 
was notified to them, then) to the Rector of the University of Abirdeen 
and the Dean of the Faculty of Arts, both for time being. Neither to 
the altar thus founded in part by me, nor to the bursary, shall it be 
competent for any one to intrude a chaplain or bursar against my will, 
at least during my lifetime, except that the said tenement and annual 
rents, with their pertinents, shall remain irrevocably set apart for the 
support of one chaplain and one student bursar and for my anniversary 
as aforesaid after my decease. Also I will and ordain that the said 
chaplain be held bound yearly (to say) the Placebo and Dirigc of my 
obit on the night preceding my decease and to celebrate a mass on the 
morrow. Furthbr, I will and ordain that the said chaplain, for the 
time being, on all Lord's days, festival days, and vigils of the same, 
shall be present, clad in his surplice, in the choir of the said church, or 
in the choir of the new College, as it shall please my Reverend Lord 
(Bishop) that now is and (my) lords of the chapter, and this after my 
decease also. Finally, I will and ordain that the patrons of the said 
chaplaincy, and each of them, shall faithfully observe and fulfil, and 
cause to be fulfilled, the settlements aforesaid in all the points thereof, 
as they will give account thereof in the last judgment. Moreover, I 
ordain that if it happen — which God forbid — that the said College fail, 
and Divine service there be put a stop to, a year and a day thereafter 
the said anniversary and stipend of the bursar shall be incorporated, as 
if from this present, into one holding* and annexed to the Cathedral 

^ PreudinUm 1 take to be a mistake for presidentem, 

' The right reading of the text is corpor vnio. Unto, in matters relating to ecclesiastical 
benefices, is such an amalgamation of benefices that the fruits of two are held under one an^ 
the same title (Mign<). 



RENTAL OF ALTAR OF S. ANDREW (CATHEDRAL). 6l 

Church of Abirdeen, and that equal distribution be made among the 
vicars-choraly so far as the anniversary goes, the tenor of my deed 
notwithstanding, as if it had been in the College instead of the 
Cathedral. And then lastly — ^which God forbid — after a year and a 
day from the ceasing of lectures and Divine service (except it be for a 
universal plague) then the said bursar and his successors in time to 
come shall serve in the Cathedral of Abirdeen, and shall pray for me 
and the before-mentioned souls as aforesaid. Ybt so that if it happen 
that the said College shall anew be brought together, and the Divine 
office, and' literary studies, and scholastic acts be again exercised 
therein, then, all this notwithstanding, the foundation of the said 
bursary and anniversary shall freely return to the College, as expressed 
above. Morbover, I will and ordain that the perpetual chaplain of 
the said altar, and his successors, shall maintain in sufficient repair the 
foresaid tenement or land, so that it may remain for the future fresh 
and standing. In testimony whereof my seal is appended to this 
present charter at the University of Abirdeen ist March, 1501, in 
presence of men discreet and of good repute — Mr. Matthew Pacok, Mr. 
Andrew Patersoune, Sir Gilbert Chamer, Vicar of Tulicht ; David Liell, 
and Sir John Stirueling, notary public ; with divers others. 

XXXVI. 

Rental of the Annual rents belonging to the Altar of S. Andrew in the 

Cathedral Church of Abirdeen. 

In primis, in Robert Blinseille's old tenement lying in the Castle 
Street of the burgh of Abirdeen, between the land of William Rettre on 
the east, and the land of Alexander Watsoune on the west, xxs. annually. 

liemy from the land of the late William Anderson lying in the same 
street, between the land of Mr. William Lewinstone on the west, and 
the land of John Kintor on the east, xiijs. iiii^. And from two lands at 
once lying on the north side of the Hukster-rawe of the said burgh, 
between the land of the late Mr. John Clat on the west, and the land of 
David Hill on the east, xxvjs. \\\]d. 

Item, from the village^ of Esthintuly in Durris, xiijs. in}d.y and 
is paid annually by John Knowis in Abirdeen. 

1 Vilia. 



62 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

lUfHf from the village of Balquhorin in the barony of Findon, xb., 
but the Laird of Mane pays from his tenement in Abirdeen, to wit, the 
Kownde Tabill, yearly (all) except xxs. 

ItetHy by composition for certain debts between the executors of the 
late Mr. Lawrence Pyot and George Leslie of Quhit Corss, the said 
George Leslie is held bound to give his charter and possession there- 
over, for xiijs. iiiji., to the said Altar of S. Andrew from his lands of 
Quhit Corss or Glasgowforest, while Mr. Lawrence Pyot burdened his 
conscience as before by writing under his hand. Which sum of 
xiijs. iiiji., the said George was in the habit of paying regularly for 
many years by-past, as he still does. 

Itentf all that tenement or land recently built, lying in the University 
of Abirdeen between the public king's highway on the east, and the 
lands of Setoune on the west, and the land of the late Mr. Adam 
Gordoune towards the south, and the common vennel on the north, 
now yielding annually £yy iiJ5. iiij<{., and xs. to the lord bishop ; viz., 
in the front house there are four chambers and a closet,^ and each 
chamber yields annually xviijs., and the closet, viijs. — j^iiij. in all. 
And the inner house, with one chamber and a kitchen, and a garden 
pays now annually xiijs. iiijd., and to the lord bishop xs. And another 
house towards the south pays xxs. And the house in which stands a 
furnace, xs., and the bam is not assessed to anyone at present. 

And another annual rent of xs. from the lands of Andrew Kennerty 
lying in the same University of Abirdeen, between the land of John 
Zong on the south, and the land of William Wilsoune on the north. 

Note that all the foresaid annual rents are from the ground of 
the aforesaid, as is contained more fully in the extended 
charters made concerning each. 

XXXVIL 

Rental of the AUar of 5. Duthac in the Church of S. Nicholas of 

Abirdenef etc,* 
In primis, From the lands of the late John Torlecht, lying within 
the burgh of Abirdene, in the Upperkirkgate, on the. south side thereof, 
between the land of Donald Straquhine on the east and the bum on 
the west, xs. 

1 Tabema : perhaps rather, ** booth,** or '* shop **. 
* See Registrum Aberdontnse, II. 23a. 



RENTAL OF ALTAR OF S. DUTHAC. 63 

Item, Prom the land of the late John Traill, on the south side of 
the same street, between the land of the late Thomas Prat on the east 
and the public King's high ways on the west and north and the land of 
the late David Club on the south, vs. 

Item, From the land of the late John Scrogis, lying on the north 
side of the same street, between the land of the late Andrew Murraye 
on the east and the land of James Collisoune on the west, vs. 

Item, From the inner land of the late William TulydefF in the 
Gallowgate, on the^ west side thereof, between the land of John 
Collisoune on the east and the Loch on the west, and the land of the 
late William Abirdour on the south and the land of the said John on 
the north, vjs. 

Item, From the land lying in The Green, between the bum on the 
east and the land of John Litster on the west, xxd. 

Item, One tenement, viz. — My land, at present waste, lying in the 
Shiprow, between the land of William Moir on the west and the land of 
John Gowis on the east, and my land, at present waste, lying in the 
same street, between the land of John Gowis on the west and the 
King's^ high way on the east. 

Item, iiijs. and iiijd. from the land of Thomas Litsteir, lying in the 
Upperkirkgate, between the land of Adam Litsteir on the north side and 

the land of Thomas Traill on the south. And another annual rent of 

* 

vjs. and viijd. from the land of the said Thomas Traill, lying in the 
same street, between the land of the said Thomas Litsteir on the 
north and the land of Thomas Club on the south. And an annual rent 
of joul. from the land of the said Thomas Club, lying in the same 
(street), between the land of Thomas Traill on the north and the land 
of John Crag on the south. And one annual rent of ixs. from the 
land of William Moir, lying in the Shiprow of the said burgh, between 
the land of Andrew A Hanson on the west and my land aforesaid on the 
east. And one annual rent of vijs. and xji. from the land of John 
Gowis, in the said street, between my lands aforesaid on the west and 
east. And an annual rent of x\d. from the land of William Club, 
baker, lying near the end of the said street and the land of the late 

' If the property was on the south side of the Shiprow, this would be the Shore 



64 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Gilbert Masone on the east, and the land of William Lammyntoune on 
the south and the two King's high-ways on the north and west 

Note that all the annual-rents above-mentioned are from the 
ground of the foresaid lands, as is contained at greater 
length in the charters made more fully concerning each. 



XXXVIII. 

Mr. Duncan Schbrar, Parson of Clat, adorned and decorated the 
said altar of S. Duthac^ with a silver chalice having the images of SS.^ 
Molocus, Fotinus, Kentigem, and Bridgid on the chalice, and the 
image' of the Blessed Virgin Mary on the paten of the same, all 
(being) gilt, with divers other ornaments. And with a desk before the 
altar, on which he caused to be placed a volume bound, intituled, Here 
begin the Sermons of Brother William Lugdoune on the Epistles for 
Sundays throughout the year. And a Martyrology, and one Psalter 
for singing from before the said altar, at the desk or stall. And for 
God's sake pray for him.^ 

XXXIX. 

Agreement anent Obits of WilUatn Schcrar and Isabella RiUherfurde. 

{A bstract.) 

At Aberdene, 15th November, 1488, it is agreed between these 
venerable men, Mr. Duncan Scherar, Parson of Clat, on the one hand, 
and the Curate and Chaplains of the Parish Church of Abirdene, cele- 
brating Divine service therein, on the other, in manner and form following, 
viz.: That the said Mr. Duncan Sherar shall make sure to them annually 

1 The sum of the Rental of S. Duthac*8 Altar, £11} vij<f . 

* For S. M0I0CU8 (see au^a xxxv., note). S. Fotin (see mfra xix., note). S. Kenti- 
gern is S. M ongo, the patron and founder of Glasgow, a saint to whom Bp. Elphinstonc, 
who was a native of Glasgow, was specially devoted. S. Bridgid is no doubt *' the Mar>' 
of Ireland **. She had several dedications in the north : Lhanbryd, in Moray ; in Aber- 
deenshire, Cushnie, Kildrummy, and Skene; in Kincardineshire, Dunnottar. 

' Image on the paten. See Aberd. Eccl. Soc. Trans., 1889, p. 9. 

* See Registrum Aherdonense, II. 233. 



RENTAL FOR COMMUNION ELEMENTS. 65 

forty shillings, Scots, in equal portions at Martinmas and Whitsunday 
from (properties) bequeathed and to be bequeathed by him and his 
procurator, for bread and wine in the daily celebration (of the Eucharist) 
in the said Parish Church of Abirdene. And the said chaplains shall be 
bound annually to celebrate the anniversaries of the father and mother 
of the said Mr. Duncan, with a sung mass and other private masses, 
and to pray for the said Mr. Duncan and for the souls of his father and 
mother; of which anniversaries they shall celebrate the one for the 
father of the said Mr. Duncan on the 27th day of January, on the Sun- 
day immediately following, and the other for his mother on the 28th 
day of July, on the Sunday following. And they affix four waxen (seals) 
as the custom is, at the cost of the said anniversaries, the signatures of 
the said curate and chaplains being their own witnesses : 

Signed by Dauid Waus, curate ; Alexander Vocat, chaplain ; Alex- 
ander Gray, chaplain ; John Prat, chaplain ; Andrew (son of) Thomas, 
chaplain; John de Chalmer; William Morisoune, chaplain; Robert Leis, 
chaplain; Sir John Litster, chaplain; Sir Matthew Nicholson, chaplain; 
Ingram Bannerman, chaplain ; Duncan Nauchty, chaplain ; Andrew 
Henderson; John Blak, chaplain; William Crukschank; Alexander 
Bisset; Alexander Fyf; John Stirueling, chaplain; John Strachtauchin ; 
Thomas Herwy ; Andrew Gray ; Alexander Club, chaplain (who on the 
foresaid form and condition being observed, binds himself for his own 
part to celebrate the foresaid obsequies) ; Richard Paterson, chaplain ; 
Thomas Stanne, chaplain ; Andrew Chawmer, chaplain. 

XL. 

The Rental recently available for buying Bread and Wine for ike can- 
ucraiion of the Sacrament^ to be distributed annually from day to day to each 
chaplain in the Parish Church of S. Nicholas^ when they are about to 
celebrate.^ {Translatiofi.) 

In primis, one annual rent«of ixs. from the land of Thomas Litster, 
in the Upperkirkgate, between the land of Adam Litster on the north, 
and the kind of Thomas Traill on the south. And one annual rent of 
xxxs. from the land of Andrew Ranisoune lying in the same street, outside 
the gate, on the north side, between the land of Thomas Meldrum and 
Andrew Michelsoune on the west, and the common king's highway 

^ See Registrum Aherdonente^ II. 233. 

I 



66 CHilRTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

toward the south, and the Loch on the north. And one annual rent of 
XKd. firom the land of the late Angus Glennysoune* now William Yong's, 
between the land of the late Edmund Lawsoune on the north, and the 
land of Gilbert Leitht on the south. And one annual rent of vs. from 
the land of John Malisoune lying in the Castle Street, on the north side 
thereof, between the lands of the late William Buchane and John 
Wormet on the east, and the land of the late Murdac Glenmalwinning 
on the west, and the king's high- ways on the south and north. 

The sum of this, for bread and wine annually, as above, xlvs. viij^. 
Note that all the foresaid annual rents are from the ground of 

the said lands, as is contained at greater length in the 

charters made in full concerning them. 

XLL 

Rental cf the Annual Rents belonging to the Altar of SS. Lawrence and 

Ninian} (Translation.) 

The Rental of the annual-rents belonging to the altar of S. 
Lawrence, Martyr, and S. Ninian, Confessor, situated in the parish 
church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, founded by the late William de 
Leitht of good memory, first laird of Bemys. Imprimis^ from the 
land of John Wormet, lying in the Castle Street, on the south side 
thereof, between the lands of Thomas Waus and David Theman on the 
east and the lands of the late Henry Crag and David Fynne on the 
west, thirty shillings annually. From the land, as well to the front as 
in the back, of Andrew Ancroft, lying in the same street, on the same 
side thereof, between the land, now Alexander Bumat's,* on the east 
and the land of William Blinseil, couper, on the west, xxiiis. iv^. 
From the land of John Mar, lying on the same side of the same street, 
between the land of Sir John Stirueling, chaplain, on the east and the 
land of the heirs of the late Thomas Chapman on the west, xxs. From 
the land of John Colisone, lying in the Gallowgate, in the comer of 
the Netherkirkgate above the Nuk (neuk), between the land of the late 
Robert Blinseil on the north and the public King's high ways towaxd^ 

1 See infra, Na LIX. 
' Is Mn Burnett's Close ? 



LAMP BEFORE THE SACRAMENT. 67 

the east, south, and west, xxs. From the land of John Blak, lying in 
the same street/ opposite the foresaid land of John Colisoune, between 
the land of the late William Anderson on the south and the public 
King's high ways towards the east and north, and the land of William 
Spnint, baker, on the west, xvis. From the land of John Watson, 
lying in the same street, between the land of the late John Myl on the 
north and the land of the Chaplains of the College of the Cathedral 
Church of Abirdene on the south, and the public King's high ways 
towards the east and west, vjs. and viiji. From the land of David 
Mar, lying on the same side of the said street, between the land of 
Thomas Buchane, baker, on the north and the land of the said late 
John Myln on the south, viijs. From a certain piece of waste land in 
Futy, according to the tenor of the ancient charter, vij, and now it pays 
only two shillings. From a certain land, almost waste and unin- 
habited, of the late John Profyt, lying in the Shiprow, between the land 
of Richard Craufurd on the south and the land of the late Peter Kynidy 
on the north, vs. 

The sum of this chaplaincy is vj/A. yjs. 



XLII. 

Charter by King James IV.^ confirming a charier of Alexander Menzes 
{2nd Jnlyy 1500), mortifying the foundation of the Lamp which hangs before 
the Venerable Sacrament ^ 26th Nov.^ 1503. {Abstract.) 

Jambs, by the grace of God King of Scots, to all honest men of 
the whole land whether clergy or laity, wisheth salvation. Know that 
we, after due examination made at our command as to its correctness 
in all parts, have understood the charter and letter under-mentioned, 
viz. : A charter made by our lovite Alexander Menzes, Aldirman of our 
burgh of Abirden (with the consent and assent of our beloved cousin, 
Alexander,* Earl of Buchan, Lord of Vchterhouss, and baron of 
GrandouD,' his lord superior) concerning an annual rent of three 
pounds, to be drawn from Balmady with its pertinents lying within the 



* The Nethcrkirkgate, not the GaHowgate, as appears from the description following^ 
'Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan, Lord of Auchterhoase (Forfrvshire), etc. 
> G ra n donn — Grandholine, on the Don. 



68 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

barony of Grandoun within our sheriffdom of Abirdene, given and 
granted by the said Alexander Menzeis in pure and perpetual alms for 
the augmentation of Divine worship, and for the laud and honour of 
Almighty God, of the Blessed Virgin Mary, of SS. Nicholas and 
Sebastian, and all saints, to the perpetual chaplain of the Altar of S. 
Sebastian within the Parish Church of Abirdene who shall celebrate 
Divine service there for ever, for our prosperity and the salvation of our 
soul and the souls of our parents — on whose souls may God have 
mercy — and the souls of our successors, as also for the salvation of 
other souls specified in the said charter. And for the perpetual main- 
tenance of an oil lamp burning before the Sacrament at the High Altar 
of the said church, according to the said charter made thereupon by the 
said Alexander Menzeis ; and likewise the letter by the said Alexander, 
Earl of Buchan, baron of Grandoun concerning his consent and assent 
to the same deed of gift, under the forms following : — 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Alexander Menzeis, 
Provost of the burgh of Abirden wisheth salvation in Him who is the 
true salvation of all. Whereas to mortal men nothing is more certain 
than death, and merits alone can call us to the seats of the blest above, 
and bearing in mind that in that day of strict judgment good works are 
rewarded by the Righteous Judge, (therefore), know ye that I, with 
consent and assent of Alexander, Earl of Buchan, baron of Grandoun, 
my superior, for the honour of Almighty God, the praise of the unspotted 
Virgin, His Mother, of the most blessed confessor, Nicholas, of the 
glorious martyr, Sebastian, and of all saints of God, for the salvation 
of the souls of the most excellent prince, the most illustrious James 
III., King of Scots, of Queen Margaret, his consort, and of the most 
invincible pripce, his son James IV., now King of Scots, of Queen 
Margaret, his consort, and of their predecessors and successors. And 
for the soul of the Reverend Father in Christ, William, Bishop of Aber- 
deen, and for the salvation of my soul and the souls of Andrew Menzeis, 
my father, Mariota Arbuthnot, my mother, Elizabeth Leslie, my wife, 
and all my brothers, sisters, parents, friends and benefactors, and all the 
faithful dead, and specially for the souls of all from whom in any way I 
receivM good things on earth without restitution or recompense, have 
given ... in pure alms to God, and to the glorious Virgin Mary, His 
Mother, to SS. Nicholas and Sebastian, and all saints, and to the chap- 



LAMP BEFORE THE SACRAMENT. 69 

lain celebrating at the Altar of the foresaid niart3rr Sebastian in the 
Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirden, one annual rent of three 
pounds, Scots, belonging to me, to be drawn and lifted annually at the 
two usual terms . . . from all and whole my lands of Balmady with the 
pertinents thereof, lying in the barony of Grandoun, within the sheriff- 
dom of Abirden, to be held ... by the said chaplain and his 
successors in pure alms for ever. In return for which annual rent, I 
will that the foresaid chaplain of the Altar of S. Sebastian, and his 
successors be bound in all times coming to uphold and supply a lamp 
with oil burning day and night continually before the Sacrament at the 
High Altar of the said Church of S. Nicholas, without extinction or 
failure. And if it happen (which God forbid) that the foresaid chaplain 
fail in the daily and nightly sustenance of the said lamp, and continual 
feeding thereof with oil, I will that the curate and chapter of the said 
Parish Church of Abirden may without citation, compel him to supply the 
said lamp, and may receive at their own hands the said annual rent, and 
intromit with it aye and until the said chaplain sufficiently uphold the 
foresaid lamp. In testimony whereof ... at Edinburgh, 14th 
November, 1503, before these witnesses, the Reverend Father in Christ 
and lord, the Lord William, Bishop of Aberdeen, Sir James Dunbar of 
Blakerage, knight, Alexander Banermann, of Wattertoun, Sir Thomas 
Myrtoun, Canon of Moray,^ John Mar, and George Dunbar, with divers 
others — ^'To all and sundry to whose knowledge these letters shall 
come, Alexander, Earl of Buchan and baron of Grandoun (wisheth) 
greeting in the everlasting God. Know all of you that we for good and 
reasonable causes, and specially for the augmentation of Divine service 
of God and Holy Kirk, and towards the perpetual upholding of a lamp 
and light in the Parish Kirk of Abirden before the Sacrament at the 
High Altar of the same, and the surplus to the chaplain of S. Sebastian's 
Altar within the said kirk, have given, consented, and assented, and by 

' This 18 doubtless the same person as the Thomas Merton who, in a notarial instrument 
in the Chartulaiy of Moray, appears as Archdeacon of Aberdeen in 1529. Registrum Moravi' 
emu, p. 148. It is curious, however, to find in the Necrologium of the Convent of the Grey 
Friafs of Aberdeen, a notice of Sir Thomas Myrtoun, Archdeacon of Aberdeen, which states 
that he died after September, 15 15 {Miscellany of Sf aiding Club, vol. I.). It is easier to 
ima^ne a mistake in one or other of the documents than two Archdeacons of the same name. 

'The deed here cited is in English, but for convenience of reference it is given here in a 
modennaed form. 



JO CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

the tenor of these present letters, do consent and assent perpetually for 
ourselves, our heirs and assigns, that our cousin, Alexander Menzeis, 
burgess of Abirden give and grant in perpetual alms an annual rent of 
three pounds, payable yearly from the lands of Balmady lying in our 
said barony within the sheriffdom of Abirden, which annual rent per- 
tains in heritage to the said Alexander. Also we assent and consent for 
ourselves, our heirs and assigns that the said annual rent be given by 
the said Alexander to the said kirk and chaplain of the said altar whom- 
soever, in perpetual alms for the upholding of the said lamp, suffrage, 
and prayers. And if the said Alexander can get our Sovereign Lord*s 
mortification thereupon, we, our lieirs and assigns consent and assent to 
the same by the tenor of this writ without any revocation, contradiction, 
obstacle, or demand to be made by us, our heirs or assigns whosoever in 
time to come. In witness hereof we have subscribed this writ with our 
hand and appended our seal to the same at Abirden, 2nd July, 1500, 
before these witnesses: Mr. Walter Drummonde, Dean of Dunblane and 
Clerk of the Register, Mr. William Irelande, Vicar of Fortyywywat,* Mr. 
George Streulinge, and Sir David Leis, chaplain, with divers others. 

Which charter, letter, donation and grant, in all particulars . . . 
we approve, ratify, and for ourselves and our successors, mortify and 
confirm . . . saving only the prayers of the said chaplain and his 
successors for ourselves and our successors, in testimony whereof we 
have given command that our great seal be affixed to the said charter. 
Witnesses: the most Reverend Father in Christ, our beldved brother, 
James, Archbishop of S. Andrews, Duke of Ross, and our Chancellor, 
the reverend father in Christ, William, Bishop of Abirden, keeper of our 
privy seal, our beloved cousins; Archibald Earl of Ergile, Lord Camp- 
bell and Lome, Master of our Household ; Patrick, Earl of Boithuile, 
Lord Hals; and Matthew, Earl of Lavenax, Lord Dunlor; Alexander, 
Lord Hume, our High Chamberlain; Alexander, Lord de Gray, our 
justiciar; and our beloved clerk, Mr. Gavin Dunbar, Dean of Moray,' our 
Keeper of Rolls and clerk of the council ; at Edinburgh, 26th November, 
15031 in the sixteenth year of our reign. 

This is a true copy, extracted from the original, and collated with 
It word for word.' 

' FcMTteviot. ' Afterwards Bishop of A b e r dee n . 

' The docquet is in a very different hand from the deed. 



DONATION OF SIX VOl^UMES BY JOHN ARTHUR. 71 

XLIII. 

Donation of Six Volumes by John Arthur, 5th July, 1505. 

On the 5th July, 1505, in the accustomed meeting place of the 
Chapter of the Chaplains and Brethren of the Parish Church of S. 
Nicholas of the burgh of Abirdene, in chapter assembled, a circumspect 
man, John Arthur, burgess of the said burgh, turning his mind to, and 
considering beforehand, the shortness of this present world and the 
length and duration of that which is to come, joyous indeed to those 
who in their lifetime have done good works, but full for ever of anxiety 
and sadness for those who do the opposite. Willing, therefore, to do 
and accomplish some good thing in his life, for a perpetual memory 
thereof, and for the praise and glory of Almighty God and of all the 
saints of the celestial court, gave, handed over, and gifted to the college 
of the said chaplains and brethren of the foresaid burgh, serving and 
celebrating in the said church, and their successors, in return for the 
suffrage of half a trenthal of masses to be celebrated annually by the 
said chaplains on the Feast of S. Bartholomew the Apostle, for 
the souls of him and his, six volumes of the books of that excellent 
doctor, Nicholas de Lyra,^ procured at his own charges, for the use 
and benefit of the said chaplains and brethren, and the speedier 
imbuing them with knowledge and reflection. And to the celebration 
of the said half trenthal of masses at the time appointed by the foresaid 
chaplains, and in perpetuity thereafter, for the safety of the foresaid 
John Arthur and the salvation of his soul, all the chaplains then present 
assented, and no one saying a word against it, cheerfully agreed on 



■ Nidiolat de Lyra — a famous theologian and commentator, born at Lyre in Normandy 
aboat 1270, died at Paris, 1340. The work here referred to may be his Bihlia Sacra cum 
mUrfrcimHomihus ei posiUUs, published 147 1-2. The Fifth of these Volumes seems to have 
been 10 existence in 163a when the Town Council handed over the Kirk Library to Marischal 
College. Cf, PasH Acad, Mariuall.t p. a 19; but though there are several old copies of the 
works of De Lyra now in the University Library— one set bearing the plate-mark of Bp. 
William Stewart (1532.45)— it is impossible ta identify any with the gift of John Arthur. De 
Lyra bdonged to the llteralist school of commentators, and was remarkable for his free hand- 
ling of traditional interpretations : hence the distich, 

<* Si Lyra non lyrasaet 

Luthenis non saltasset.** 
(If the Lyie had not played, 

Luther had not danced.) 



72 CHARTULARV OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

behalf of themselves and their successors. In presence of venerable 
men called and requested to be witnesses — Masters Walter Forbes, 
Canon of Dunblane, Duncan de Chalmer, Parson of Furvy,^ and John 
Baidenagh, Vicar of Gamery and notary-public. 

XLIV. 

Charier by David Symsoun endowing the Altar of S. Leonard. 14/A Sept,, 

1489. {A bstract) 

To ally eta, David Symsoun, burgess of Abirdene, wisheth eternal 
health in the Lord. Whereas we shall all stand before the judgment- 
seat of our Lord Jhesus Christ to receive as we have done in time, 
whether it be good or bad, therefore it is expedient to anticipate that 
day of final doom by works of mercy, so that we may be able to reap 
in heaven with manifold fruit what we have sown on earth, Therefore 
know that I, for the increase of Divine worship, in honour of Almighty 
God, of the most blessed Virgin Mary His Mother, of S. Leonard and 
all saints, have given ... to Almighty God, to the most glorious 
Virgin Mary, to all saints, and to the Altar of S. Leonard situated 
within the Church of S. Nicholas of Abirden, and to Sir Dauid 
Walcar, my perpetual chaplain, celebrating thereat, and to his suc- 
cessors celebrating there, for my soul, and the souls of my parents, 
successors, and beneTactors, and all the faithful dead, particularly those 
from whom I got any good less justly than I ought, All and whole my 
annual-rents underwritten, viz. — One annual rent of two merks Scots 
to be drawn annually from all and whole that land of the late Thomas 
Culan,* lying in the Gastraw, between the land of the heirs of the late 
Duncan Clat on the north and the land of the late John, the son of 
Robert, on the south, and the King's high-way towards the east. It 
extends as far as the upper mill-course on the west. One annual rent 
of twenty shillings from the whole land of Dauid Tailzour,' lying in the 
Netherkirkgate, between the land of William Auchneywe on the west 

^ This 18 the parish of Fc^vie, long extinct, heing overblown with sand. 

'Thomas Culan's land is now Mr. Patrick Skene*s. But is redemit, and provin In 
partes. {Note in the Chartulary.) 

' Tailzeour's land is now Andrew Baxtar*s land, Baxter's {sic), and depends in partes 
(Note in the Chartulary.) 



OBITS OF WILtlAM SCHERAR AND ISABELLA RUTHERFORD. 73 

and the land of Thomas Gladstane onihe north, and the King's high 
ways on the east and south. Another annual-rent of three shillings and 
four pence payable yearly from a certain land of Andrew Ranison's, 
lying within the said burgh in the Gallowgate^ between the lands of 
Matthew Masse and William, the son of Andrew, on the east and the 
land of the late Alexander Hay on the south, and the two King's ways 
on the west and north. One annual-rent of six and eight pence from a 
certain land, formerly Robert Club's, lying in the Green, between the 
land of Thomas Litstar on the north and the King's way on the south, 
and the two bums on the west and east. One annual-rent of twenty 
shillings payable yearly from the whole land of the late John Waus on 
the south side of Castle Street, between the lands of Alexander Scrogis 
on the east and the land of Andrew Ancroft on the west, and the King's 
way on the (north and) extending to the Trinity Bum on the south. 
An annual rent of three shillings from the land of James Kennardy in 
the Green, between the land of Donald Sclatter on the north and the 
land belonging to the Chapel of S. Katherine the Virgin on the south. 
And another annual-rent of three shillings from Alexander Logy's land 
in the Gallowgate, between the land of Robert Blinsele on the south 
and the land of the late Thomas Yonlow on the north, and the King's 
ways on the east and west. And one annual-rent of thirty-eight 
shillings Scots from all and whole my two lands lying side by side 
within the said burgh, in the Netherkirkgate, on the south side, 
between the land of William Anderson on the east and the common 
bum of the mills of the said burgh on the west, which annual rents I 
bought and recovered at my own proper cost. To be held from me and 
my heirs in perpetual alms by the said Sir David and the chaplains, his 
successors . . . the right of patronage of the said perpetual 
chaplaincy remaining to me and my heirs for ever. And if it happen 
that I or my heirs, after a vacancy in the said chaplaincy, have not 
used our right of presenting a fit chaplain to celebrate at the foresaid 
altar within forty days immediately following, I will . . . that our 
lord the Bishop of Aberdeen shall have full right for that tum to 
present and collate a fit chaplain to the chaplaincy. Further, if any 
of my heirs . . . withhold, in whole or in part, the foresaid 
annual-rents from the foresaid chaplain, then it shall be lawful for 
the lord diocesan for the time being to compel him or them, by 



74 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

ecclesiastical censures, and at his soul's peril, to make full pa)rinent, 
and to prosecute and distrain whoever shall infringe or procure the 
infringement of this my donation . • . by the authority of Our 
Lord Jhesus Christ, of Almighty God, and of Holy Mother Church, and 
as far as is permitted to a human creature to curse (another) let him be 
cursed, ai^ let him inherit and eternally possess that malediction which 
a father ought to have in his power against his son.^ The said chaplain 
and his successors performing henceforth Divine service and {Mayers for 
the founders and the . . . souls above-mentioned. Moreover, if it 
happen that the said chaplain fail in these prayers for forty days con- 
tinuously, and absent himself from the said altar, except it be on account 
of sickness, without special leave from me or my heirs, then it shall be 
lawful to present another fit chaplain, and for our lord the Bishop of 
Aberdeen to collate him. And I, the said Dauid Symsoune . . . 
give warrandice, etc. ... In witness whereof my seal is appended 
to this charter at Abtrden 14th Sept., 1489, before men of thrift and 
repute — ^Thomas Fyf, William Anderson, senior, William Anderson, 
junior, John Blak, residing at the key * of the said burgh, Alexander 
Chamer, in the Schipraw, Duncan Smj^ht, Dauid Robertsoun, Robert 
Ouchterles, Thomas Lytstar, burgesses ; Philip Dumbrek (and) Alex- 
ander Alansoun, two sergeants of the said burgh; and Sir John 
Stirueling, presbyter and notary-public ; with many others. The 
foregoing notwithstanding I, the said Dauid Symsoun, will, beqneath, 
and faithfully promise that, failing heirs male, the right of patronage of 
the said chaplaincy shall remain with the said Lord Bishop of Aberdeen 
and his successors without impediment. Before witnesses and the 
foresaid notary, etc. 

The sum of this chaplaincy is vj/fr. xs. viij^. 

^ The *' Good Panon," in ChMioer, waa *< fill loth to curte for his tythes *' : the freqoem 
use of such cursings as the above had considerable effect in giving an impulse to the 
Reformation in Scotland. The ecclesiastics of the period might plead, however, that in 
this they erred in good company. The Celtic Saints — S. Columba himself, if we may trust 
the legend in the Book of Deer — ^were adepts in the art ; and the greatest of the Presbyterian 
leaders in the seventeenth century used the weapon as to the manner bom when, in the 
Glasgow Assembly of 1638, he denounced " the curse of Hiel the Bethelite '* (i Kings xvi. 34) 
on whoever should build again the hierarchy which the Assembly had cast down. 

'I have translated literally the Latin n<f clavem dicti hvrgi ! Of course what is intended 
8 the Quay. 



RENTAL OF ALTAR OF THE HOLY CROSS. 75 

XLV. 

Foundatum of Mr. Thomas Wausy endowing A liar of S. MarHn. 

(Translation.) 

The late Mr. Thomas Waus, of good memory, Precentor of Moray, 
endowed the Altar of S. Martin with one annual-rent of forty shillings 
Scots, to be drawn annually from the land of Thomas Waus lying within 
the said burgh, and purposed to found a perpetual chaplaincy ; but in 
the midst of his days he went the way of all flesh. 

The sum of this (chaplaincy) is xls. 

XLVL 
Th< Revenue of ike A Uar of ike Holy Cross. {Translation.) 

Imprimis, from the land of John Fechat, which he holds in the' 

Upperkirkgate, xiijs. iiijd. Itetn^ in the same street, from Thomas 

David's land, vs. Item, in the same street, from Staphan Johnson's 

land, vs. Item, in the same street, from Richard Pechat's land, xiid. 

Item, from Thomas Lam's land, xld. Item, from John Strang's land, 

which Alexander Moyses holds, which is the land of Thomas Molsat, 

iijs. Item, from William Sperk's land, xiijs. in}d. Item, from Thomas 

Blinseill's booths, yjs. and viijd. Item, from John Gray's land, yjs. and 

viij^. Item, from John Anderson's land, ijs. Item, from Andrew Waus*s 

land, iijs. xxxijd, — waste. Item, from Thomas Both's land, ijs. Item, 

from Robert Adamson's land, vjs. and viiji. Item, iijs., from the croft 

which the Carmelite Friars hold in the Green, on the west side of the 

Dcnebume. Item, frt>m Duncan Herwy's land, viij. ; and in my time I 

received from that land xvjs. Item, from Adam Ather's land, iitjs. ; and, 

indeed, I received vs. Item, from John Scrogis' land, at the end of the 

Castle,^ which is waste, ijs. Item, from John Henderson's land, in the 

street of Futy, iijs. ; and, indeed, I received vijs. Item, from John Reid's 

land, beside cockit,^ xi}d. Item, from John Scrogis' land, at the end of 

the Castle, xld. Item, from Phillip Anderson's land, at the foot of the 

Castk'hill, ijs. Item, from that land at S. James's Altar,' ijs., from the 

donatioii of Walter Robertson. 

The sum of this rental is iiij/6. viijs. and viij^. 

> Perhaps Caatle Street, bat the word " street *' is not in the text. 

> The '* cokit ** was the small seal which franked goods, shewing that they had paid custom. 
There was a cockstool off the south side of Castle Street. 

* Ad altare. Perhaps *' pertaining to the altar **. 



76 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

XLVII. 

Cliarter by John Knollis} endowing the Altar of 5.* John Baptist, the Fore- 

runner of Our Lord, qth October, i486.' 

To all who shall see or hear this charter John Knollis, burgess of 
the burgh of Abirdene, and true and undoubted patron of the Altar of 
S. John Baptist, situated within the Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, 
wisheth eternal health in the Lord. Since we shall all -stand before the 
judgment-seat of Our Lord Jhesus Christ, there to receive either good 
or evil» according as we have done in the body : therefore, it is most 
expedient to anticipate the day of final judgment by works of mercy, so 
that we may be able to reap in an abundant harvest in heaven what we 
have sown on earth. Wherefore, know that I, for the augmentation of 
Divine worship, have given ... to God, to the most blessed Virgin 
Mary and all saints, and to the foresaid Altar of S. John Baptist, and to 
Sir Alexander Vocat, perpetual chaplain celebrating there, and to his 
successors who shall celebrate there, for my soul and the souls of my 
parents, successors, benefactors, and all the faithful dead, one annual 
rent of forty-one shillings Scots, to be drawn annually from a certain 
land of John Kintor, lying within the said burgh in the Castle Street, 
on the south side of the same, between another land of the said John's 
on the east, and the land of Alexander Mar on the west, extending in 
length from the king's highway on the north to the Trinity Bum on the 
south. And another annual rent of two merks Scots from another land 
of the said John Kintor, lying on the east side of the foresaid land on 
the one hand, and the land of the late William Moyses on the other, 
extending from the king's way on the north to the Trinity Bum on the 
south, in augmentation of the original (primeue) feu-grant and founda- 
tion made to the said altar. The said annual rents with their pertinents 
to be held ... by the said perpetual chaplain and his successors 
from me and my heirs in pure alms forever with all rights. . . . 
Further, by these presents I unite, reduce and annex the said annual 
rents, by me granted to the original feu-grant and foundation, into one 
chaplaincy— the patronage of the said chaplaincy remaining to me and 
the male heirs of my body lawfully begotten, whom failing, to the 

» This, in the Chartulary, is a side note. ^Divus, 

» See infra, Appendix I., No. 2. 



CHARTER BY JOHN KNOLLIS — ALTAR OF S. JOHN BAPTIST. JJ 

m 

Provost, Baillies, Council and community of the said burgh forever. 
And if, on a vacancy occurring, I or my heirs have not used our right of 
presenting a fit chaplain to the said altar within forty days immediately 
following the vacancy, then I will that the Provost of the said burgh, 
after deliberation with the privy council of the same, shall have for that 
turn full power to present a fit chaplain. And if any of my heirs or 
assigns shall have withheld aught of the aforesaid revenue from the 
aforesaid chaplain, then it shall be lawful for the lord diocesan to 
compel them with his authority, and at their souls' peril, to make full 
payment, and to pursue ... all who infringe, or in aught to pro- 
cure the infringement of, this my donation, by the authority of Our 
Lord Jhesus Christ, of Almighty God, and Holy Mother Church ; and 
to curse them so far as it is committed to one human creature to curse 
another, and let them possess that curse which a father has in his power 
against his son, . . . the said chaplain and his successors perform- 
ing the due and usual Divine offices at the said altar for the souls of the 
founders. And if it happen that the said chaplain fail in Divine service 
for forty days on end, whether by failure of himself or of his substitute, 
without special license from me or my heirs, except on account of sick- 
ness, then it shall be lawful for us to dispose of it according to our free 
will. And I, the said John Knollis, . . . give warrandice. . . . 
In testimony whereof my seal and the seals of two prudent men, 
William Blinseile and Andrew CuUan, two of the baillies of the said 
burgh, and the givers of sasine of the foresaid annual rents to the said 
chaplain, are appended — 9th October, i486 — before prudent and honest 
men : Alexander Mar, Sir Dauid Waus, Vicar of Banff, John Waus, 
Alexander Red, Andrew Branche, Gilbert Waus, David Menzeis, 
senior, William Kyntor, Gilbert Chamer, Mark Scot, burgesses ; 
Alexander de Chalmer (and) Morice Bisset, sergeants; and Sir John 
Stinieling, notary-public, etc. 

The sum of this chaplaincy, with the original foundation, is x 
merks and yji. 

XLVIIL 
Charter by Angus Adafnsoun, endowing the Altar of S. Michael, 23rd 

May, 1440. 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Angus Adamesbun, bur- 
gess of the burgh of Abirdene wisheth eternal health in the Lord. 



78 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLA& 

Know that I, with consent and assent of my dearest grandson, John, 
the son of John Adameson, my apparent heir, have given ... to 
God, and the most blessed Virgin Mary His Mother, and all saints, and 
to the Altar of S. Michael the Archangel, situated in the Parish Church 
of S. Nicholas of the said burgh, and to the chaplain celebrating, and 
to celebrate for ever the Divine service there, one annual rent of twenty- 
five shillings, usual money, to be drawn annually from a certain land 
lying on the north side of the Castle Street of the said bui^, between 
John Blak's land on the easi, and the land of the late Robert de 
Buchane on the west And one annual rent of six shillings and eight 
pence also going out annually from a certain land Isang in the Buthraw 
of the Gallowgate of the said burgh, between the land of Stephen 
Johnsoun on the south, and the land of John de Kyntor on the north ; 
which annual rents amount to the sum of thirty-one shillings and eight 
pence. To be held, etc., for the said altar and chaplain for the time 
being in feu and heirship for ... The said chaplain for the 

time being being bound to celebrate through the chaplains of the fore- 
said church for twenty shillings of the foresaid annual rents, two 
trenthals of masses for the salvation of my soul, and the souls of all my 
parents and friends, and all the faithful dead at the time of my death or 
anniversary. And for the eleven shillings and eight pence remaining, 
he shall celebrate annually for the souls aforesaid, or cause to be cele- 
brated by another competent person, one solemn mass with four honest 
and sufficient wax candles, which the said chaplain is to give at his own 
expense, and have burning as the custom is in the said church on the 
same anniversary, and shall also add^ other prayers for the foresaid 
souls in consideration of the foresaid annual rents, as he shall answer 
in the last dread Day of Judgment before the Supreme Judge • . . 
In testimony whereof my seal is affixed to the present charter along 
with the seal of John de Fife, burgess of the said burgh, affixed by the 
said John, son of John Adamesoun, my grandson, in testimony of his 
consent, he having no seal of his own ; and for better evidence and 
security, the seal of William Scherar, one of the baillies of the said 

> Pundit, Fundare preces is explained as standing for pro/undere, the word used of '* the 
priest when, having drunk the blood of Christ, he washes the chalice with a mixture of wine 
and water " (Migne's Lexicon), What is stipulated for here are prayers at the taking of the 
ablutions. 



CHARTER OF M. FECHAT— ALTAR OF S. MICHAEL. 79 

buiigh, and giver of aasine ... at the said buiigh, 23rd May, 1440, 
before these witnesses: Gilbert Menzes, then Provost; John Waus; 
Thomas Kymedy; Duncan Kymedy; John de Mair, junior; Andrew 
Ayncroft; Andrew Branche; Thomas de Craufard; John Gray; Mr. 
John de Cadioti, notary<public ; and William Atkynsoun, sergeant; with 
divers others. Copy certified by Mr. William Philipsoun. 

XLIX. 
Charter by Matthew Fechat endowing Altar ofS. Michael. 18/A July, 1472.* 

{Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Matthew Fechat, burgess 
of the burgh of Abirdene, (wisheth) eternal health in the Lord. Whereas 
. . . Know that I therefore, for the augmenting of Divine worship, 
with the intuition of charity, for the salvation of my soul, and the souls 
of my parents, wives, predecessors, and successors, and of all the 
faithful dead, in honour and veneration of Almighty God, and the 
glorious Virgin Mary His Mother, and S. Michael the Archangel, and 
all the holy citizens of heaven, have given ... to John Colisone, 
clerk, second son of Dauid Colisoun, burgess of Abirdene, all and 
whole the revenues underwritten, viz. — One annual rent of twenty-four 
shillings Scots from the land of the heirs of the late Galfrid' Bumat, 
lying in the Gastraw, on the west side of the street, between the land 
of Andrew Cullane on the south and the land of John, son of Robert, on 
the north. And one annual rent of eight shillings from the land of 
Andrew Chapman, lying in the Upperkirkgate, near the Mill-bum of 
the said burgh, between the land of Andrew Chapmann on the west and 
the land of Alexander Howysoun on the east. Item, an annual rent of 
six shillings and eight pence from another land of the said Andrew 
Chapman's, lying in the same street, between the land of the said 
Andrew on the east and the land of John Michaelson on the west. 
Item^ an annual rent of four shillings from the inner land of the heirs of 
the late Alexander Suerdslepare,^ lying in the Gallowgate, on the west 
side, between the land of Dauid Colisoune on the north and the land of 

> See ii^wa^ Appendix I., No. a (where date is given m 146a). 

s? Alfred. 

* The text in vol. i. it wrong here. Siierdslepve it no doubt for Swordalipper, t.f., the 
man who makct, or tharpent, the blades of swords, a sort of armourer. The name is thus a 
trade name, like Cutler. 



8o CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

the heirs of William, son of Stephan, on the south, and the land^ of 
William Moir on the west. liemf an annual rent of four shillings from 
the land of the heirs of John Cope, lying in the said Gallowgate, 
between the land of Thomas Litstar on the north and the land of the 
heirs of John de Mar* on the south. Item, an annual rent of eight 
shillings from the land of Dauid, son of Robert, lying in the said 
Gallowgate, on the west side, between the land of John Gillespy on the 
south and the land of Adam, son of Andrew, on the north. Item, an 
annual rent of thirteen shillings and four pence from my own land in 
which I live, lying in the said Gallowgate, between the land of the said 
Adam Anderson on the south and the land of Andrew Murray on the 
north. Item, an annual rent of twenty shillings from another land of 
mine, lying in the said Gallowgate, on the west side thereof, between 
the land of Andrew Gait on the south and the land of John Hughison, 
butcher, on the north. Item, an annual rent of twelve shillings from 
the land of the said John Hughison, lying in the said Gallowgate, 
between my own land on the south and William Phillipson*s on the 
north. Item, an annual rent of twelve shillings from the said William 
Philippson*s land in the said Gallowgate, between the land of the said 
John Hughison, butcher, on the south and the land of William 
Robertson on the north. Item, an annual rent of twelve shillings 
from the land of the said William Robertson, lying in the said 
Gallowgate, between the land of William Phillippson' on the south 
and my own bam on the north. Item, an annual rent of ten shillings 
from two other bams^ of mine lying at the end of the said Gallowgate, 
between the land of William Robertson on the south and the land of 
William Vocat on the north. Item, one annual rent of ten shillings 
from two other bams of mine in the same street, lying between the 
land of Thomas de Chalmer on the north and the land of William 

^ The property being an inland one, i.e., further up the close, William Moir's property was 
between it and the street. 

' Can this be the house known as Mar*s CasUe ? 

' Notice the deltghtfiil variety in the spelling of this name : first, two /s and one/ / next, 
two ^s and one / ; lastly, both letters are doubled. 

* Barns (at the end of the Gallowgate). The burgesses at this time farmed their crofts 
as the feuars do in the Aberdeenshire villages now ; but Matthew Fechat has at least five 
bams. Was he a grain merchant ? 



CHARTER OF MATTHEW FECHAT— ALTAR OF S. MICHAEL. 8 1 

« 

Vocat on the south. Item, one annual rent of thirteen shillings and 

four pence from my land called The Lochfold, with the kiln, lying in 

the said Gallowgate, between the land of Thomas de Chalmer on the 

south and Commoune Lonyng^ on the north. To be held, etc. . . . 

by the said John Colisoune, or whatever fit chaplain serves in his stead 

at the Altar of S. Michael, within the Parish Church of the said burgh 

of Abirdene, on behalf of my soul and the souls of all aforesaid, daily 

when he is so disposed ; whom failing, to another son of the said Dauid 

Colisoune begotten, or to be begotten, between him and Agnes Fechat, 

my daughter and his wife, or to a fit chaplain serving in his stead, as 

aforesaid, aye and until he has been canonically promoted to the 

presbyterate, and so on, aye and until the said Dauid and Agnes, his 

wife, have a son to serve this chaplaincy, who, before the others, shall 

be promoted to it. And the said chaplain, for the time being, and his 

successors shall be bound daily, when they are so disposed, (to pray) 

for our souls aforesaid in masses and other Divine offices for the dead, 

at the said Altar of S. Michael, to offer up devout supplications, and 

daily to be present in the choir and serve at the solemn hours. The 

patronage of the said chaplaincy, as often as it shall be vacant, 

remaining at our free disposal to me and to John Fechat, my son 

and apparent heir, whom failing, to Dauid Colisoun and his heirs. 

And if any of my heirs shall have withholden, in whole or in part, the 

said annual rents from the said chaplain, it shall be lawful for the lord 

bishop for the time being to compel the withholder, at the peril of his 

soul, to make full payment, to prosecute and distrain all who infringe, 

or wickedly think to infringe, this our donation, etc., by the authority 

of our Crucified Lord Jhesus Christ, of Almighty God, and Holy. 

Mother Church, and so far as it is committed to human nature to 

curse let them be cursed, and inherit that malediction which a father 

ought to have in his power against his son ... In testimony 

whereof my seal, with the seals of John de Kintor, one of the baillies 

of the said burgh, and giver of sasine of the aforesaid annual rents to 

the aforesaid John Colisoun in name of the said Altar, and the common 

seal of the burgh, along with the seal of Richard de Kintor, then Provost 

. . . are appended, at the said burgh, i8th July, 1472, before these 

' Commoune Lonyng r: public lane. 

L 



82 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

witnesses — Richard de Kintor, Provost ; John de Kintor, baillie ; Dauid 
Collisoun, another of the baillies ; John Mar, John Scrogis, Dauid 
Symsoun, Alexander Blinseill, Thomas Litstar, Patrick Baidienagh, 
Adam Litstar, Thomas Litstar, burgesses ; and Duncan Straloche, 
sergeant; with many others. 

The sum of this chaplaincy, vijKft. xvijs. and iiiji. 



L. 

Charier by John de Mar endowing A Itar of S. A ndrew. loth A ugusty 

1473* (^ bstracL) 

• 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, John de Mar, bui^gess of 
the burgh of Abirdene, wisheth eternal health in the Lord. Know that 
I for the salvation of my soul, and the souls of my parents, prede- 
cessors, and successors, and all the faithful dead, have given . . . 
to Almighty God, to the Blessed Virgin Mary, and to S. Andrew the 
Apostle, and to all the saints among the citizens of heaven, all and 
whole my annual rents under-written, to one chaplain celebrating, or 
to celebrate. Divine service at the Altar of S. Andrew within the Parish 
Church of the burgh of Abirdene, viz. : — One annual rent of thirteen 
shillings and four pence, payable annually from the land of Alexander 
Howisone lying in the Gallowgate, between the land of John, the son 
of Stephan, on the north ; and the land of John, the son of Patrick, in 
Monymusk, on the south. Item, one annual rent of ten shillings from 
the land of Alexander Sanchar Ijang in the same street, between the 
land of William Blynsele on the south, and the land of the heirs of the 
late John, the son of Thomas, on the north. Item, an annual rent of 
seven shillings from the land of the late Edward Top lying in the same 
Gallowgate, between the land of Thomas Litstar on the north, and the 
land of the late John de Mar (Sauchak) ^ on the south. Also, a rent of 
six shillings annually from the land of Alexander de Chalmer, sergeant, 
l3dng in the Shiprow, between the land of Robert Ranisone and his 

^ This John Mar probably belonged to a different iamily from the fonnder, and is dis- 
tinguished by this appellation, much as in our northern fishing villages to the present day 
persons bearing the same name are distinguished by " tee-names **. Sauchak' is probably 
Savoch, a place-name in Aberdeenshire. 



RENTAL OF ALTAR OF S- STEPHEN. 83 

wife on the west, and the land of the heirs of the late John Rede, smith, 
on the north. Item, an annual rent of seven shillings lying in the street 
of the Futhy, payable annually from two lands of the late Alan 
TailzouTp between the land of the late William Menzes on the south, 
and the land of Thomas, the son of Andrew, on the north. Also, an 
annual rent of forty pence payable annually from the land of John 
Litstar lying in the Green, between the lands of John, the son of 
Matthew, on the east and west. To be held ... by the foresaid 
chaplain ... to be presented by me or by my son, Alexander de 
Mar, and by his heirs each time it happens to be vacant ... for 
the increase of Divine worship. Of which annual rents, I have through 
the baillie under-mentioned caused sasine and transmissible possession 
to be given to the said Alexander Mar, my son, nominated also on the 
part of the Church, and the Altar aforesaid, the right of patronage to 
the said annual rents being for ever reserved to the said Alexander and 
his heirs ; the said chaplain offering henceforth the suffrages of devout 
prayers for my soul and the souls of all the aforesaid. In testimony 
whereof, my seal, along .with the seal of an honourable man, Thomas 
de Fyfe, one of the baillies of the burgh of Abirdene, are affixed to this 
charter, at the said burgh, loth August, 1473, before these witnesses — 
An honourable man, Thomas de Fyfe, the baillie aforesaid, and giver of 
sasine of the above annual rents ; Thomas Branche, John Balcromy, 
Alexander Fraser, in Futhy ; Phillipp Dunbrek and John Waus, senior, 
two of the sergeants ; with divers others. 
The sum of this is xlvjs. yiijd. 



LI. 

Rental of the Altar of S, Stephen. {Translation.) 

Imprimis, one land lying in the Gallowgate, founded by the late 
Stephen de Balrain, xls. And from another land, which is totally 
waste, yj merks. Item^ from a waste land belonging to the late Ingram^ 
Bannerman, in Futy, vjs. and v\\]d. Itetn^ from the land of Robert 
Murray, in the Gallowgate, xiijs. and iiijd. Item, from the land of the 

^tngtram. He had his name perhaps from the munificent bishop, Ingeramus de Lyndsay, 
who ruled the diocese of Aberdeen, 1441-1459. 



84 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS 

late William Nory, quite waste, vjs. and viijrf. /fern, from the land of 
the late Matthew Wricht, in the Gastraw, xiijs. and iiiji. Item, from 
the croft of William Murray, ijs. 

The sum of the above, x merks ; but as the entire tenement has 
been thrown down to the ground, and is waste, ^ it has fallen to the value 
of vj merks. And in Futy, the waste property is vjs. and viijrf., and 
William Nory's, also waste, vjs. and viiji. 



LII. 

Charter by Richard de Ruderfurd, endowing the Altar of S. Andrew^ izth 

February, 145?. {Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Richard de Ruderfurd, 
burgess of the burgh of Abirden (wisheth) everlasting health in the 
Lord. Know that I, at the bidding of Divine love, and for the salvation 
of my soul, and the souls of Marion, my wife, and of my parents and 
predecessors, our children and successors, and of all the faithful dead, 
have given ... to God and the Blessed Virgin Mary, and all 
saints, and specially to S. Andrew the Apostle, at his Altar situated in 
the Parish Church of S. Nycholas of the burgh aforesaid, and to the 
chaplain celebrating and to celebrate Divine service there for ever, all 
and each the annual rents undemoted, viz. : An annual rent of twenty 
shillings from a certain land of mine lying within the said burgh in the 
street leading towards the House of the Trinity Friars* of the said 
burgh, on the north side of the same, between the land of William 
Vocat on the east, and the land of Sir William Roiss, chaplain, on 
west ; and another annual rent of twenty shillings from a certain land 
in the Shiprow, on the east side thereof, between the land which was 
the late John Champane's on the north, and the land of the late Galfrid 
Ranfrew, goldsmith, on the south ; one annual rent of four shillings 
from a certain land of my own lying in the street of Futy' between the 

> Two of the waste lands, however, still paid their full charge. 

'The street leading to the House of the Trinity Friars was most probably Correction 
Wynd. 

* Vicui de Futy, street or village. There seems to be no instance of a land described as 
ing on the north or south, the east or west of this vicus. 



RICHARD DE RUDERFURD — ALTAR OF S. ANDREW. 85 

land of Symon Blabyr on the north, and the common vennel on the 
south » and from two parts of land lying in the territory of the crofts of 
the said burgh, on the east side of the public way leading to the Cathe- 
dral Church of Abirdeen, extending westward from the said road to the 
Gallowhills on the east, between the croft of Walter Umfrasene on the 
north, and the Friars Preachers* (croft) of the said burgh on the south. 
One annual rent of six shillings from a certain land lying within the 
said burgh in the New Raw of the Gallowgate, between the land of 
Andrew Maior on the north, and the land of Sir Andrew, the son of 
John Andersone, chaplain, on the south ; twelve shillings of annual 
rent, and one annual rent of thirty-five shillings, Scots, to be drawn 
annually from my eighteen parts of land lying in the territory of the 
burgh of Kintor, to be held ... in pure and perpetual alms by the 
foresaid altar, and the chaplain celebrating and to celebrate Divine ser- 
vice there for ever . , . . The said chaplain to offer the suffrages of 
devout prayers for our souls aforesaid ... . The patronage of the 
said chaplaincy remaining to me and to my wife Marion, and to the 
longer liver of us, and after our death, to our beloved cousin, Andrew 
Ruderford, and his heirs for ever. Nevertheless, should the said 
Andrew and his heirs, on the chaplaincy becoming vacant, neglect to 
present a fit chaplain within the space of two months, we will that the 
presentation to the same for that turn shall devolve on the Provost and 
council of the burgh. In testimony whereof my seal is appended to 
this charter, and for greater evidence I have obtained that the seals of 
prudent men, Patrick de Badzenocht and Dauid de Chalmer, two of the 
baillies of the foresaid burghs of Abirden and Kintor, and givers of 
sasine of the foresaid annual rents to the said altar and chaplain, should 
also be affixed. At the said burgh, 12th February, 1450; witnesses, 
the honourable and prudent men, John de Scroggis, son, then Provost ; 
John Fiff; Gilbert Menzeis; John de Scroggis, father ; John de Mar; 
Andrew Ancroft ; Andrew Allansoune ; John Stevounsoune, burgesses 
of the said burgh of Abirden ; John de Spens and Alexander Ander- 
soune, two of the sergeants of the said burgh ; and Mr. John Cadiou, 
notary public. 

Copy certified by Robert Rust and John Galloay, notaries public, 
before witnesses. Sir John Hay and John Salmon, chap- 
lain, 6th December, 1522. 



86 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

LIII. 

Charter by Andrew Murray, senior , endowing the Altar of S. Salvaior. 

nth April, 1497.^ {Large Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter Andrew Murray, senior, 
burgess of the burgh of Abirdene, wisheth eternal health in the Lord. 
Know that I, for the increase of Divine worship, in honour of Almighty 
God, of the most blessed Virgin Mary, of S. Salvator,' and of all saints, 
for the salvation of my soul, and the souls of my parents, wives, prede- 
cessors, successors, and all the faithful dead, and notably for the souls 
of those of whom I received or took any good thing with less justice 
than I ought, have given ... to Almighty God, to the most glorious 
Virgin Mary, to S. Salvator, and to. all saints, and to the Altar of S. 
Salvator, situated in the Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, and to 
John Chaumer, my perpetual chaplain, and the presbjrters his suc- 
cessors, all and whole my annual rents under-written, with the sums of 
the same, Scots money, to be drawn from the sites^ of the following 
lands lying within the said burgh, viz. : An annual rent of twenty 
shillings from the land of William Murref, lying in the Castle Street, 
on the south side thereof, between the land of John Malisone on the 
east, and the land of the late Mordach Glenmalvyne on the west ; and 
another annual rent of fifteen shillings^ from the land of Alexander 
Watson, lying on the north side of the same street, between the land of 
Robert Blyndsele on the east, and the land of Andrew Littister on the 
west ; an annual rent of ten shillings from the land of William Nichol- 
son, in the same street, between the land of William Bynne on the 
east, and the land of the late Raynald Talzour on the west ; an annual 
rent of eighteen shillings from the land of the late John Scherar, out- 



^ 8th May, 1604. Produced in proof against Alexander Home, Robertaone. {NoU in 
Chariulary), Robertson is the signature of Walter Robertson, town-clerk of Aberdeen. 

' See Charter XX., Note, The name S. Salvator seems ere long to have deceived people 
into regarding the Person designated merely as an ordinary saint : it is difficult to account 
otherwise for the placing of our Lord after the Blessed Virgin. The slip is avoided in LIV. 

* Fundis. 

^ Now Gilbert Scherar, xvi. obtenit xs., obtenit payment ye airs xi., John Bythe. {NoU 
in Chiirtulary,) 



ANDREW MURRAY, SENIOR— ALTAR OF S. SALVATOR. 87 

side the north gate of the Castle Street,^ between the land of Symon 
Gardin on the east; and the king's highway on the west ; an annual 
rent of five shillings from the land of John Lammyntoune, in Futy, be- 
tween the land of Thomas Glenmalvyne on the south, and a certain 
waste g^den on the north ; an annual rent of ten shillings from the 
land of Symon Gardin, lying in the Shiprow, on the west side thereof, 
between the land of John Fychat on the south, and the land of the late 
John Menzes on the north ; an annual rent of six shillings and eight 
pence * from the land of Andrew Branche, lying in the Shiprow, on the 
east side thereof, between the land of James Kyntor on the east, and 
the king's highways on the east ; an annual rent of thirteen shillings 
and four pence from all and whole that land of John, the son of Andrew, 
lying in the Castle Street, between the land of Saint Sebastian on the 
west, and the king's highways on the west and north, and the lands of 
Alexander Mar and Gylbert Waus of Many on the south ; an annual 
rent of ten shillings from the land of William Buchane, lying in the 
Upperkirkgate, on the north side thereof, between the land of the late 
John Stokar on the north, and the land of the late William Scherar on 
the west ; an annual rent of two merks from the croft of Alexander Mar, 
Ijdng in the croft lands of Rubbislaw, called the Braid Croft, between 
the croft of Margaret Fychat on the west, and the croft belonging to the 
heirs of Richard Kyntor on the east — all which annual rents I have 
bought out of my own gains. To be held ... by the said Sir 
John, my chaplain, and his successors, perpetual chaplains of the same 
(altar), of me and my heirs in pure alms forever, ... the said 
chaplain and his successors ministering the usual Divine services and 
prayers incumbent on a priest at the said altar, for the salvation of my 
soul, and the souls of my parents, wives, predecessors, successors, bene- 
factors, and those from whom I derived benefits with scant justice ; and 
gracing' the choir in a decent habit on Sundays and greater double 



* The Justice Port. There was also a south gate (shown on Gordon*s map, 1661) called 
the Potty Port. 

*rjs. viij^. obtenit on payment (of) Thome Smyth, ibr Andrew Braynche land. {NoU 
in Ck0rtui4ay.) 

* Gracing, tUcoranUs, 



88 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

« 

festivals ; ^ . . . also, I will that the chaplain of the said chaplaincy 
shall personally reside within the said burgh of Abirdene, serving the 
samq chaplaincy ; and if he fail in personal residence, then it shall be 
lawful for me, and my heirs male, to provide to this chaplaincy another 
fit chaplain at our free will. And the patronage of the said chaplaincy 
shall remain to me and my nearest lawful heirs male bearing the name 
of Murray. And if it happen that the said chaplain fail in Divine ser- 
vice at the said altar for the space of forty days on end, except it be on 
account of sickness, or because he is travelling within the kingdom or 
without, or other legitimate reason, unless he hath obtained leave from 
me, or from the patron for the time being, then it shall be lawful for me 
or my heirs male to appoint another. . . . In testimony whereof 
my seal is appended to this present charter, along with the seal of my 
apparent heir, Dauid Murray, in token of his benevolent consent to a 
work so charitable, on my own behalf, and in behalf of all the faithful 
in Christ, consenting, it is supposed, thereto ; and, for greater security, 
the official seal of a venerable and illustrious man, Mr. Andrew Kelle,' 
treasurer and official (of the diocese) of Abirdene, with the seal of an 
honest man, Robert Culane, burgess of Aberdene, and one of the baillies 
of the burgh ; appended in their presence at Abirdene, nth April, 1497, 
before honest and discreet men: Sir John Fentone, William Murref, 
John Murref, Alexander Gregori, and Robert Gothra, and Matthew 
Pacok, notary-public, with divers others. 
The sum of this, Vjlib. xiiijs. viiji. 



^ Greater double fisasts. Properly speaking it is not the feast-day that is doable, bat 
the office which is said on it. Every day has its own office ; ordinary days have what is called 
a ** simple ** one ; other days, according to their importance, a " semi-double " or a " double " 
office. On the more important festivals — hence called ' doubles * — the Antiphons at Vespers, 
Mattins, and Lauds (but not at the other hours) are douhUd, i.e., they are said entire before 
as well as after the Psalms and Canticles : on " semi-doubles,*' the Antiphons are said entire to 
the end of the Psalms, but only the first words of them before the Psalms. " Double " festivals 
are distinguished as ** doubles,** " greater doubles,** and ** greater doubles of the first class**. See 
Diet, 0/ Christian Antiquities, s. v., Antiphons, and the Marquess of Bute's translation of the 
RonMn Breviary, vol. i, pp. xii. sqq, 

' Andrew Kelly must have held the office of Treasurer of the Cathedral for an unusually 
long period : he is so described in a charter of date 146a, thirty-five years before this. 
Registrum Abcrdonense, i. 291. 



ANDREW MURRAY, SENIOR — ALTAR OF S. SALVATORi 89 

LIV. 

Charter by Andrew Murray endowing Altar of S, Salvator. ^h June, 

1505. (Abstract) 

t 
_ I 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Andrew Murray, burgess 
of the bui^h of Abirdene, (wisheth) eternal health in the Lord. Know 
that I, in honour of Almighty God, of S. Salvator, of the most 
blessed Virgin Mary, and of all saints, for the salvation of my 
soul, and the souls of the late Agnes Nicholsoun, my wife, of my 
parents, benefactors, and all the faithful departed, have given . . . 
to a discreet man. Sir John Chaumer, my perpetual chaplain of the 
Altar of S. Salvator, founded by me in the Parish Church of the said 
buigh, my annual rents undemoted, namely — One annual rent of ten 
shillings and eight pence . . . from the whole land of Dauid 
K}iitor, lying within the said burgh, on the north side of the Castle 
Street, between the land of the late Ranald Talzeour on the east and 
the land of John Rattre on the west, and the public ways on the south 
and north ; and another annual rent of ten shillings from the land, 
toft, and croft of the late Alexander Fyndelaw, flesher, all lying in Futy, 
between the land of the said Alexander on the south and the land of the 
late John Gallouay on the north, extending in length to the Lynkis^ on 
the east and the public way^ on the west, in augmentation of my 
chaplaincy founded anew at the said altar. To be held . . . the said 
Sir John and his successors . . . offering at the said altar the due 
and usual prayers for the salvation of the souls mentioned in my foun- 
dation ... In testimony whereof my seal, and the seal of an 
honourable man, Patrick Leslie, one of the baillies of the said burgh, 
and giver of sasine of this annual rent, are appended at Abirdene 4th 
June, 1505, before men of good fame — Sir Dauid Liell, Walter 
Wischeart, Robert Pip, William Nicholsoun, John Matland, burgesses ; 
Andrew Nauchti, sergeant; (and) Sir John Stirueling, notary-public; 
along with the seal of Dauid Murray, my son and apparent heir, in sign 
of his consent and assent. Moreover, the said Sir John and his succes- 
sors shall find a burning lamp and other lights at the said altar in all 
time to come, as the custom is at the other altars founded in the said church. 

The sum of this is xxs. . . . 

' Early mention of the Links. ' The public road to Futy. 

M 



go CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

LV. 

Precept of Sasine by Alexander Irvine of Drum on endowment to Altar of S. 

Ninian. 2gtk November, 1456. (Abstract,) 

Alexander Iruyne of Drum, knight, to my beloved Alexander de 
Iruyne of Beldeis^ and Thomas Smytht, my baillies in this quarter, 
greeting. (Know) that I have given ... to God and the blessed 
Virgin Mary, and to S. Ninian, that glorious Confessor, and to all 
saints, as also to a chaplain celebrating and to celebrate for ever 
Divine service at the Altar of the said S. Ninian in the Parish Church 
of S. Nicholas of Abirdenne, one annual rent of ten merks, with the 
pertinents thereof, from my lands of the Park of Drum and of 
Bodaracht, with the pertinents thereof, as is contained more fully in 
the charter made thereupon, to which chaplaincy, with its pertinents, 
we have presented, and by the tenor hereof do present, a discreet man, 
Sir John de Chalmer, chaplain of the diocese of Glasgow. Whereupon 
I require, bid, and command you, the one or the other of you, to give 
sasine and possession of the said annual rents to the said Sir John, or 
to his certified attorney, the bearer of these presents ... and that 
without delay . . . and when this is done let your seal be appended 
after mine. Given under my seal at Kinharrochy,* 29th Nov., 1456. 
Witnesses — Alexander Iruyne of Beldeis, Alexander Bewmond and 
Thomas, the son of Henry, with divers others, etc. 

LVI. 

Feu Charter: Curate and Chaplains of the Choir to Mr. Alexander Bisset. 

4/A May, 1503. {Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, the curate and chaplains 
of the choir of the Parish Church of the burgh of Abirdenne (wish) 
eternal health in the Lord. Know that we, unanimously, our advantage 
in all respects being foreseen to, and carefully considered, have given, and 
let in feu, and have hereby confirmed to a beloved brother of our num- 
ber, Mr. Alexander Bisset, perpetual chaplain at the Altar of the Holy 

^ Perhaps Bieldhouse, near Murtle. 

' Kinharrochy — Irvine lands in the neighbourhood of Ellon. 



SIR JOHN PRAT — ^ALTAR OF SS, THOMAS AND GEORGE. 9 1 

Blood, situated within the same (church), all and whole our inner land 
King within the said burgh in the Upperkirkgate on the north side 
thereof, lying between the land of Agnes Stirueling on the east, and the 
land of the late William Scherar on the west, the land of Margaret 
Buchane on the south, and extending lengthwise to the Mill-lade on the 
north, to be held by the said Mr. Alexander during his life, and there- 
after by Muriel Prat, his mother, whom failing to Thomas Bisset, his 
brather-german for the whole of his life, and to John Bisset and George 
Bisset, and the longer liver of them, sons of the said Thomas, in free 
burgage;^ whom failing, it shall return to us. . . . The said Mr. 
Alexander, Muriel, Thomas, John, George, and the longer livers of 
them rendering to the king the burgage service . . . and paying 
to the perpetual chaplain of the Altar of S. Eloy, founded in the said 
church, one annual rent of five shillings and sixpence, and to us and our 
successors, four shillings Scots . . . In, testimony whereof our 
common seal, and the s^ of an honourable man, Thomas Leslie, one 
of the baillies of the said burgh, and giver of sasine of this land, are 
appended, 4th May, 1503, before discreet and reputable men : Mr. 
Thomas Chamer; George Bisset; Sirs William Crukshank and William 
Andersone, chaplains; Patrick Ross; John Paule; John Cuk, sergeant; 
and Sir John Stirueling, notary-public. 



LVII. 

Charter by Sir John Prat, endowing Altar of SS. Thomas, Apostle, and 
George, Martyr, 2yd December, 1503. {Large Abstract) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter. Sir John Prat, chaplain 
of the Altars of the Holy Cross and of SS. Thomas, Apostle, and 
Geoige, Martyr, within the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abir- 
dcne (wisheth) eternal health in the Lord. Whereas . . . Know 
that I, in honour of Almighty God, of the most blessed Virgin Mary, 
and of all saints, have given ... to God, to the most glorious 
Virgin Maiy, and to all saints, and to the senior and more worthy chap- 

^Nonnan-French in origin (bourgage), the word is a remnant of decaying Feudaliem. 
It was a tenure of lands in to^^s, held by their owners of the king or other lord superior at a 
)tarlyrcnt 



g2 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

lains of the choir of the said parish church, and to the persons under- 
noted, all and whole that annual rent of ten shillings, Scots, payable 
yearly from that whole land outer and inner of Alexander Couper, lying 
within the said burgh, in the Shiprow on the west side thereof, between 
the land of Robert Blinseill and the land of the late Patrick Clerk on 
the north, and the public way on the ea$t, and the Hill of S. Katherine 
the Virgin on the west, for an anniversary and other Divine prayers for 
my soul, and the souls of my parents and all the faithful dead. To be 
held ... by the foresaid chaplains and parsons^ under-noted and 
their successors from me and my heirs . . . and to be uplifted 
annually by the collector-general of the said chaplains of our college' of 
Abirdene ... for distribution in the manner following, viz. : To 
the crier of the said burgh, for going round the bui*gh on the night 
preceding my anniversary and (calling the people) to pray for my soul 
and the souls above mentioned, two pence annually; for the placing and 
setting of a decent table upon my monument (and) for wax (candles) at 
my anniversary, thirteen pence annually; to one of the senior chaplains 
of the church for the celebration of the office of the dead for the 
health of my soul, and of the souls aforesaid, four pence ; to the sacrist 
of the said church for tolling the bells of the church three times at the 
said anniversary^, six pence annually ; to the thirteen of the more worthy 
chaplains of the said college who shall have been present on the oc- 
casion, and to two clerks of the choir, for celebrating one sung mass' 
annually on the day of my death, and twelve masses in the week foUow- 



> Personis, The word is used here in the wider, and modem senK, of clergymen gener- 
ally. These chaplains were not parish priests ; whereas, strictly speaking, a parson^ according 
to Blackstone, is one with foil possession of all the rights of a parochial church. He is parson 
or persona eccUs'uUt because in his person the Church, itself invisible, is visibly represented. 
The restricted sense is found in Chaucer : — 

** A good man there was of reltgioun. 
That was a poure Persotu of a toun ; 



His parishens devoutly wolde he teche." — Th€ Prologue, 

* Capdlatiorum eollegii nosiri. The chaplains formed a body or college, and lived in a 
clergy-house (cf, LXXI.). Two old houses in Elgin, formerly residences of the cathedral 
clergy, bear to this day the names of ** The North College,*' and " The South College *\ Here, 
however, it is the corporation that is meant, not the building. 

' Missa de nota — a mass sung from the music. 



SIR ANDREW COUPAR — ^ALTAR OF S. MARTIN, 93 

ing, six shillings and ten pence ; and to the poor^ or to schol|Lrs, on the 
same day, thirteen pence. The said chaplains and their collector being 
bound to celebrate the said anniversary on the day of my death, at the 
Altar of SS. Thomas, Apostle, and George, Martyr, within the said church, 
and the said crier and sacrist to perform their duties year by year in all 
time coming ... In testimony whereof my seal, and the seal of a 
prudent man, John Ratre, one of the baillies of the said burgh, and giver 
of sasine, hereof, are appended at Abirdenn, 23rd December, 1503, 
before men honourable and of good repute : John Wormet, Matt^iew 
Branche, John Balcromy, junior, Thomas Storonye, burgesses and 
inhabitants of the said burgh; William Scrimgeour and Andrew Nachti, 
sergeants; and Sir John Stirueling, chaplain and notary-public. 



LVIII. 

Charter by Sir Andrew Coupar,^ endowing Altar of S. Martin, ^h Nov., 

1506. (Large Abstract) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter. Sir Andrew Coupar 
(wisheth) eternal health in the Lord ; whereas . . . know therefore 
that I, for the augmentation of Divine worship, in honour of Almighty 
God, of the most blessed Virgin Mary, of SS. Nicholas, Martin, 
Katherine, and all saints of God, for the health of my soul, of the soul 
of the late William Coupar, my father, and of Agnes Coupar, my 
mother, and of the souls of our parents, benefactors, those from whom 
w-e got any benefits with all too little justice, and of all the faithful 
dead, have given ... to the perpetual chaplain of the Altar of S. 
Martin within the Parish Church of the said burgh, founded by the late 
venerable Mr. Thomas Waus of good memory, Precentor of Moray, one 
annual rent of twenty shillings, Scots, . . . payable yearly from all 
and whole that land of John Lowe, smith, lying within the said burgh 
in the upper part of the Netherkirkgate, on the east side thereof 
between the public roads on the north and south, and the land of the 



' The closing lines of the preceding Charter are written on the upper part of the page 
of the Chartulary whereon this Chapter is engrossed. This title is inserted in a different hand 
lines. 



94 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

late William Coupar, my father, on the west, to be held by the said 
chaplain . . . from me and my heirs, of our sovereign Lord the 
King . . . Know further that I have given ... to the said 
chaplain ... an annual rent of twenty shillings usual Scots money 
to be drawn from my house or land, upper and lower, lying contiguous 
between the forenoted land of John Lowe on the south, and the public 
ways on the north and east to be special warrant of the former annual 
rent in case it happen that the same our land be distrained for payment 
of the foresaid annual rent. To be held ... by the said chaplain 
and his successors ... of me and of my heirs . . . the said 
chaplain and his successors celebrating annually at the said altar 
Divine service for the health of my soul, and the souls aforesaid, and 
all the faithful dead, for one moiety of this annual rent; and for the 
other moiety thereof causing my anniversary to be kept in the manner 
following, viz.: — He shall cause the common crier to go round the 
whole burgh once a year on the Sabbath (Saturday) next after the day 
of my decease; and he shall cause be celebrated annually on the 
Lord's Day following, by the twelve senior chaplains of the said choir, 
one sung mass, with other private masses by all the chaplains of the 
choir throughout the week following ; he shall place a table above my 
gravestone, and cover the same with a decent pall, and find lights 
every year in all time coming, for the salvation of my soul and the 
souls aforesaid . . . And if it happen that the said chaplain of 
S. Martin's Altar, for the time being, shall fail in the foresaid, or any 
part thereof, then it shall be lawful for the chaplains of the choir, at 
their own hands, to lift the said annual rent of twenty shillings, and 
for that year to celebrate my anniversary as aforesaid. Moreover, it 
shall be lawful for me to apply the said annual rent to my own use if 
I can provide for the said chaplain another annual rent of twenty 
shillings in a place more easily distrainable, and can enfeoflf him 
therein. In testimony whereof my seal, and the seal of an honourable 
man, Thomas Wod, one of the baillies of the said burgh, and giver of 
sasine of this annual rent, are appended at Abirdene, 4th November, 
1506, before prudent and honest men — Alexander Malisone, Andrew 
Low, Andrew Gordoun, David Coupar, Sir William Coupar, William 
Scrimgeour, Andrew Nauchtj and John Cuk, sergeants ; and Sir John 
Stirueling, notary public. 



RENTAL OF ALTAR OF SS. LAWRENCE AND NINIAN. 95 

LIXr 

Rental of the Altar ofSS. Lawrence and Ninian ^ founded by the late William 

de Leytht of Bemys} {Translation.) 

Imprimis, from the land of the late John Blabir, now John Blak's, 
lying in the Gallowgate, on the west side of the Netherkirkgate, 
between the land of the late William, (the son) of Andrew, (the son) of 
James,' on the one hand and the public road on the north, and the land 
of the late William Sprunt, now Gilbert TulidefF's, yielding to the said 
altar sixteen shillings a year. 

litm^ from the land of the late Symon Blabir, now John Colisone's, 
Ipng in the same street, on the west side, between the land of the late 
Robert Blinseile, now his heirs', on the north and the public ways* on 
the west and east, yielding to the said altar twenty shillings a year. 

Item^ from a land, lying in the upper part of the said street (the 
Gallowgate), belonging to the late John Crommy, but now John 
Watsone's, which the same John holds in feu from the chaplains of 
the choir of the church of S. Nicholas of this burgh, between the land 
of the chaplains of the college of the Cathedral Church of Abirdene on 
the south and the land of David Mar on the north, bringing in to the 
said altar six and eight pence a year. 

liem^ from the land of the said David Mar, lying in the same street, 
between the land of Thomas Buchan on the north and the land of the 
said John Watsone on the south, yielding eight shillings. 

liem^ from the land of the late John Wormet, lying in the Castle 
Street, on the south side thereof, at the corner of the Shiprow of the 
said burgh, between the land of Dauid Theman and Thomas Waus on 
the cast and the land of the late Henry Crag on the west, yielding to 
the same altar thirty shillings a year. 

Item, from a piece of land in Futy, commonly called The But, 
formerly yielding to this altar seven shillings, and now it yields nothing 
but twenty pence. It was built upon, but now is quite waste. 

' Tbe Northern burghs of Forres and Nairn respectively had these two saints as their 

BS. 

* See No. XLI., su^a^ p. 66. 

' The man's name seems to have been William Anderson, the son of Andrew Jamieson. 

' The GaUowgate (now Broad Street) and the Guestrow. 



96 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

ItetHf from a croft called The Grethed ^ belonging to the Laird of 
Many, lying in the croftlands of Rubislaw, on the south side of the 
public road, near the Crabstane, towards the Justice Mill, yielding to 
the said altar five shillings and four pence a year ; which has now for a 
long time been unjustly withheld by the holders of the same from the 
said altar, and payment has now been obtained. 

Item, from the land of John Mar in the Castle Street, between the 
land of Sir John Stirueling on the one side and the land of the heirs of 
the late Thomas Chapman on the other, yielding to the altar twenty 
shillings a year. 

Item, from Andrew Ancroft's land, alike front and back, lying in the 
same street, between Alexander Bumat's land on the east and the land 
of William Blinseile, couper,' on the west, yielding to the same altar 
twenty three shillings and folir pence a year. 

The sum of this chaplaincy is yj/i6. vs. viiji^., except vs. from the 
said croft which is not paid. 

LX. 
Rental of the Altar of S. Elqy^ Confessor. (Translation.) 

Imprimis, from the land of the late Gilbert Rybume, now belonging 
to Dauid Broiss and Donald Baxter, portioner of the same, lying in the 
Shiprow, on the east side thereof, between the land of the late Andrew 
Lammyntone on the north and the land of the late Richard Ruyerfurd 
on the south, yielding to the said Altar twenty shillings a year . . } 
(sic) Champane infeft the said altar in forty shillings from the same 
land, as is more fully contained in his foundation made thereanent. 

Item, from the land of William Loremar, lying in the street of the 
Gastraw, between the land of William Futhes on the north and the 
land of . • .' (sic) on the north, and yielding to *the said altar six 
and eight pence a year. 

Item, from the land of the late Adam Litster, lying in the Upper- 

^ The name survives, under an altered form, in Headcroft Place between Dee Street and 
Gordon Street. 

* Couper. So in the Chartulary. The word may denote either a cooper or a small 
shopkeeper. 

* There are blanks here in the MS, 



CHARTER OF ALEXANDER GRAY. 97 

kirkgate of the said burgh, now belonging to Mr. Alexander Bisset, 
chaplain, and Alexander Tailzeour, portioner of the same, between the 
land of Agnes Stirueling on the east and the land of Alexander 
Mathousone on the west, yielding to the said altar ten shillings a-year. 

Item^ from the land of the late Andrew Smytht in Futy, now 
belonging to William Wat in Stanehife,^ between the land of . . . 
(sic) on the south and the land . . . {sic) on the north, and yielding 
to the said altar five shillings a-year. 

The sum of the chaplaincy is forty shillings and twenty pence. 



LXI. 

Charter by Alexander Gray, endowing tlie Curate and Chaplains of the 

Choir, 2nd May, 1509. (A bstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter Alexander Gray, burgess 
of the burgh of Abirdene, wisheth eternal health in the Lord. Since we 
shall all stand before the judgment-seat of Our Lord Jesus Christ, to 
receive, whether good or evil, according as we have done in the body, 
therefore it is expedient that we anticipate the day of final judgment 
by works of mercy, so that we may reap in heaven with multiplied fruit 
that which we sowed on earth. Know, therefore, that I, for the salva- 
tion of my soul, and of the souls of Elizabetht Hay, my spouse, of 
William Gray, my father, and Suna * Perri, my mother, my parents, 
benefactors, those from whom I received with scant justice any good 
things, and all the faithful dead, in honour of Almighty God, of the 
most blessed Virgin Mary, of S. Barbara, Virgin, and all the citizens of 
heaven, have given ... to discreet and very learned men, the 
curate and chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of the said 
burgh, all and whole my annual rents under-written, recovered by me 
of my proper substance, viz. : One annual rent of fourteen shillings a- 
year from that whole land of the late Alexander Logy's, as well front as 
back, l3dng in the Gallowgate of the said burgh, on the west side thereof, 
between the land of Ninian Blinseil on the south, and the land of the 

' Sunehtfe — Stonehaven. The spelling in the text represents very fairly the name of the 
town on the lips of the common people to the present day. 

' For Susanna ? There is, however, no sign of contraction. 

N 



g8 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

late William Buchan on the north, and the public ways on the east and 
west. And another annual rent of six shillings and eight pence, Scots, 
from the said whole land of the late William Buchan, lying on the west 
side of the said street, between the land of the said late Alexander Logy 
on the south, and the land of the late John Lundoris on the north, 
. . . to be held ... by the foresaid curate and chaplains, and 
their successors, the curates and chaplains of the said choir, from me 
and my heirs, . . . and, if necessary, with the right of distrain- 
ing these lands, the inhabitants, and their goods, as often as need 
is. ... In return for which annual rents, the said curate, chaplains, 
and their successors, shall celebrate and sing annually one anniversary 
at the said Altar of S. Barbara, situated within the church, viz. : The 
obsequies of the dead in the Eve of S. Ninian, and a sung mass on S. 
Ninian's Day,^ with the other masses of the trenthal during the week 
following, as the custom is. Moreover, the collector for the time being 
of the said chaplains shall cause the crier to perambulate the whole 
burgh on the said Eve of S. Ninian with the smaller bell,^ so that the 
people be incited to pray for the souls aforesaid. He shall set and place 
upon (my) gravestone a table, and cover it with a decent pall or decking, 
and find wax lights, and make prayers, and everything else as for a like 
anniversary ; and shall cause the sacristan to toll the customary bells of 
the church three times for these obsequies and for the great sung mass, 
as use is . • . ' And the foresaid collector for the time being shall 
pay the said anniversary in numbered money at the time of the celebra- 
tion of these obsequies and masses to the chaplains of the said choir 
present at and taking part in the services. ... In witness whereof 
my seal and the seal of an honourable man, Thomas Leslie, one of the 
baillies of the said burgh, and the giver of sasine hereupon, are ap- 
pended, at Aberdene, 2nd May, 1509, before men honourable and of 

^ S. Ninian*8 Day is i8th Sept. His day was a ** lesser double" in the Calendar of the 
Cathedral of Aberdeen. (Registrum Aherdonense^ ii. 19.) In the Scottish Prayer-book of 1637, 
tt is a " black letter " day. He was the patron saint of the Blinseil family, who founded in his 
honour the chapel on the Castle-hill. (For a full account of this chapel see Transactions of 
the Aberdeen Ecclesiological Society, 1889.) 

' The hand-bell anciently used for this purpose in the parish of Bimie, in Moray, is still 
preserved there, and is called the " Coronach bell "\ It was used till recently for calling the 
people to funerals. It is smaller than its more celebrated companion the still more ancient 
" RonneU Bell ". 



CHARTER OF THOMAS BLINSEILL — ALTAR OF S. PETER. 99 

good repute : John CuUane, Dauid Rutherfurd, Andrew Gordone, John 
Fechat, John Grene, Thomas Pile, burgesses and inhabitants of the 
said burgh ; Sir Robert Pathousone, chaplain ; William Scrimgeour, 
sergeant ; and Sir John Stirueling, notary-public. 

LXII. 

[Here follows a blank page.] 

Charter hy Thomas Blinseill, endowing Altar of S. Peter. ^ 20th February, 

145 J . {Large A bstract. ) 

To all the sons of holy Mother Church' who shall see or hear this 
charter, Thomas Blinseill, burgess of Abirden, (wisheth) everlasting 
health in the Lord. Know that I for the increase of Divine service, 
for the health of my soul, and of the souls of the late Marjory and 
Elizabeth, my wives, of our predecessors and successors, and of all the 
faithful dead, with consent and assent of Alexander and William, my 
sons, and heirs by either marriage, have given ... to Almighty 
God and the blessed Virgin Mary, to S. Peter, Prince of the Apostles, 
and to all saints, and to one fit chaplain celebrating and to celebrate 
for ever at the Altar of the foresaid S. Peter, situated in the Parish 
Church of S. Nicholas of the burgh of Abirden, the sum of ten merles 
Scots ... to be drawn yearly from the lands, tenements, and 
crofts underwritten, viz. : — From the land of William de Coutis * lying 
in the Grene, between a certain land belonging to the Altar of S. 
Ninian on the south, and the public road on the north, ten shillings. 
And from the land of John Vobster lying in the Grene, between the 
land of Sir Thomas, the son of Andrew, chaplain, on the noi-th, and the 
land of Thomas Vobster on the south, four shillings.* And from the 
land of David Dun, masoun, lying in the Shiprow, between the land of 
John Ettale on the south, and the land of Robert Gillespi on the north, 
twenty two shillings.* Also from a land lying on the north side of the 

1 The handwriting here is superior to what goes before. This is not the original founding 
of this Ahar, but an augmentation of its revenues. The original founder would appear to have 
been Lawrence Pyot, archdeacon of Aberdeen and vicar of Inverugie. (See No. XXXV. , and 
cf. XXVII. and LXII.) The Church of Inverugie was dedicated to S. Peter. (Rcgistrum 
AberdomnUf u. 56.) 

* Got oat to John and Andrew Rothes in few farm. {Noie in Chartulary,) 

* For vis, Sd, regularly let. {NoU in Chartulary.) 

* Obtained xm. in use of payment. {NoU in Chartulary,) 



100 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Netherkirkgate, between the land of the late William Caleman on the 
west, and the land of Fyndelai (Findlay) Schefar on the east, ten 
shillings. And from the land of the heirs of the late John Gray lying 
in the Gastraw, between my own land on the south, and the land of 
Geoffrey Burnet on the north, four shillings. And from a certain land 
of my own lying in the west (side) of the Gallowgate, between the land 
of Robert Quhit on the south, and the land of Symon Cwper on the 
north, fourteen shillings. And from the land of the late Buchan (sic) 
lying on the north side of the Castle Street, between (the land) of the 
heirs of the late Robert Angus on the east, and the land of Adam 
Kymesoun on the east, six shillings. Itenif from the land of John 
Scherar lying on the north side of the same street, between the land of 
Nicholas Benyng on the west, and the land of Alexander RoUand on 
the east, five shillings. And from a croft which Hugh Flesser holds 
of me lying at the Gallowgatehead, between that of the heirs of John 
Casse on the north, and the croft of William Fechet on the south, 
extending on the west from the king's high way, and on the east to the 
way beneath the foot of the hill by which one goes to the Chanonry.^ 
Item, from a croft • lying under the Hedownis-hill,* between the croft 
of Andrew Menzes on the north, and the croft of the late Richard 
Fechet called The Fluris on the south, three shillings. Item, firom a 
croft called Halylandis, with the Witlands lying between the croft of 
John Mair on the south, and the croft of Andrew Menzes on the north, 
thirteen shillings and four pence. Item, from a croft called Imlawis 
Rig lying in the territory of the said crofts, between the croft of John 
Mair on the north, and the croft of Andrew Mar on the other side, two 
shillings. Itefn, from a croft lying in the croftlands on the east side of 
the burgh of Abirden, between the croft of the Friars Preachers on the 
south, and the croft of John Wricht on the north, thirteen shillings and 
four pence. Also from a croft lying in the croftlands of Futy called 
the Schore Rigs, between the croft of Alexander Cryne on the south, 

^ The text has ad cananiamt probably for canoniam — the Cathedral precinct where the 
canons had their manses. The word remains in the street called the Chanonry, in Old 
Aberdeen, and in " the Presbytery of Chanonry "^ — so called from its place of meeting at the 8ee< 
town of the ancient diocese of Ross. The path referred to is now West North Street. 

• Thomas Murray in vse of payment {Note in ChartularyJ) 

* Heading-hill. 



CHARTER OF THOMAS BLINSEILL— ALTAR OF S. PETER. lOI 

and the croft of Archibald Leitht on the north, and from two crofts 
called the Lang Rigs in the same district, between the croft of the 
heirs of Laurence Leitht on the north, and the croft of John Blinseill 
on the south side of the one croft, and on the north of the other croft, 
and the croft of the said John on the south, thirteen shillings and four 
pence, /fern, from a land lying in the village of Futy, between the 
land of. William Maitland on the south, and the land of Findelai 
Flesscher ^ on the north, ten shillings. To be held and lifted by the 
said altar and the chaplains thereof from me and my heirs . . . the 
said .chaplain for the time being oflfering the supplication of devout 
prayers at the said altar for the repose of our souls aforesaid, and 
upholding Divine service in the choir of the said church . • . The 
patronage of the said chaplaincy after my lifetime shall belong to 
Alexander Blinseill, my first-bom, for the one turn, and to William 
Blinseill, my second son, for the next turn, and so passing in alternate 
turns to their heirs for ever • . . In testimony whereof my seal, 
along with the seal of a prudent man, Alexander Blinseill, my son, then 
one of the baillies of the said burgh, is appended at Abirden, 20th Feb., 
1455, before prudent and circumspect witnesses — ^John Scrogis, son, 
then Provost of the burgh ; John Fyf, John Mar, Andrew Cullane, John 
Scn^s, father, Andrew Ancroft, Mr. John Cadzoucht, Andrew Menzes, 
Duncan Clat, burgesses of the said burgh ; Sirs William Wokat, Duncan 
Clerk, Thomas Ra, William Blinseill, Duncan Zoill,^ John Modane, 
chaplains ; and John Tulidef, sergeant ; with divers others. 

Moreover,* the rental is augmented by twenty shillings, to be 
drawn in future at the two half-yearly terms from a certain land lying in 
the north of the Castle Street, between the land of the late Thomas Fif.now 
belonging to the Abbey of Arbroitht, on the west and S. Peter's land 
on the east, the King's high way on the south and the vennel lying 
between the same land and that land which belonged to the late 
Andrew AUansone, now Gilbert Menzes', which land once was Mr, 

1 Coold " Findelai flesscher ** be the same as the Alexander Fyndelaw, camtfex, of liv. ? 
It is noticeable that in this deed (LXII.) we have a person of the name of Buchan mentioned 
without Christian name. 

* ZcXU » Yule, the x being simply the short y, 

* The addition is in the same handwriting, but the whole is a copy made long after 
M55- 



I02 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

John Baizenaucht's, but now belongs to the vicars of the Cathedral 
Church of Abirdeen, as I have faithfully extracted from the charter 
made thereanent. 

LXIII. 

Charter by John dc Ktngome, sccundus, endowing the Vicar and Chaplains. 

4th February, 143®.* (Large Abstract) 

[Here follows a blank page*] 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, John de Kingome, 
secundus, nephew of (John de Kingome), primus, Vicar of Aberdene, 
wisheth everlasting health in the Lord. Know all that I, led by 
devotion and the instinct of charity, have given ... to the vicar 
of Aberdene and the chaplains of the same to the number of thirty, if 
there be so many, and if not to those who are for the time being, 
successively, one annual rent of twenty one shillings to be paid prompt 
at one term, namely, on the Feast of S. John the Baptist, viz. — Ten 
shillings from a croft lying within the croft-lands of Rubislaw, between 
the King's high way leading from the Crabistane towards the cross 
called Frasseris Cruss' on the east and the Millecroft on the west, and 
between the King's high way extending from the foresaid stone to the 
Justice Mills on the north and the (farm-)town of Freirtoune on the 
south ; and six shillings and eight pence from a land lying below S. 
Katharine's Hill, on the west side of the said Hill, and having on its 
east side a tower' and on the west the public vennel, between the land 
of John Christine on the south and the land of Sir Hugh de Vellis^ on 
the north, the which land John, the son of Thomas, holds from me in 
feu and heirship ; and four shilling and four pence from a land lying on 
the west side of the said vennel, as it were opposite the foresaid land, 
and the Mill-burn flowing down on the west, the which land John, 

^ Set infra t Appendix I., No. i. 

* Frasseris Cruss = Fraser's Cross. Such wayside crosses must have been common. In 
the neighbourhood of another Northern cathedral city, Elgin, there were at least three : the 
names of two are perpetuated in Stone Cross Hill and Palmers-Cross, on the roads leading 
to Elgin from east and west respectively. I remember to have seen the pillar of the Bisbop'tt 
Cross, which stood on the old road leading to Elgin from the Episcopal Palace of Spynie. 

' Clibanus. 

« Sir Hugh de Velli^-perhaps " of WeUs ". 



CHARTER OF JOHN DE KINGORNE, SECUNDUS. IO3 

called Clerk/ holds from me in feu and heirship, between the land of 
John Club, dyer, on the south and a rood of land formerly said to have 
belonged to (the Altar of) S. Anne on the north, To be held ... by 
the said vicar and his successors, and by chaplains elected by the vicar, 
and the chaplains of Holy Cross, S. Mary, and S. Michael, to the 
number of thirty, if there are as many . . . reserving to myself the 
free holding of the tenement of the said lands, with the pertinents 
thereof, all the days of my life, which tenement also I absolutely and 
similarly gift and bequeath to the vicar and his successors as aforesaid, 
and to the chaplains serving for the time being in the Parish Church of 
S. Nicholas, who shall celebrate annually an anniversary for my soul 
and the souls that are being exercised in purgatory,' under this form, 
viz. — On the Sabbath (Saturday) after the Feast of Corpus Christi the 
exequies of the dead, that is, a Placebo^ and Dirige^ with a Novena,* in 
the Parish Church of Aberdene, and on the Lord's Day following let 
prayer be made at the great mass, yet in such a way that the Sunday 
mass shall not be hindered, and on the morrow, on Monday, a trenthal of 
masses, with thirty priests elected as above out of those who are more 
often and more regularly present in choir at the canonical hours in 
their habit, and if not (so many) to those present to celebrate the 
foresaid oCBce. I will, however, that the vicar shall have a double 
portion, to be counted before the others. But if it happen that the 
vicar or any chaplain, through forgetfulness, neglect, or sloth, or any 
other cause, shall not have celebrated the said offices in form as 
aforesaid, I will that the chaplains of Holy Cross, S. Mary, and S. 
Michael for that year shall draw and dispose of that same portion 
proportionally among those who have commemorated my soul with 

' ClericQS. 

^Animabus exircentibus in purgatorio. An exact statement of the doctrine of purgatory. 

' Placebo^ the Vespers of the Dead, so called from the first antiphon which occurs in them, 
Plactbo Domino in regione viventium (I shall please the Lord in the land of the living). The 
words are from Psalm cxvi. (counted Psalm cxiv. in the Vulgate). The rendering of the 
English Authorised Version is : " I will walk before the Lord in the land of the living ". 

^ Dirigtf the Matting of the Dead, where the first antiphon in the first nocturn is, Dirige, 
Domini Dius mens, in compectu Tuo viam meam (Make straight my way in Thy sight, O Lord 
my God). The words are from Psalm v. 8 ; the English renderings are : " Make Thy way 
straight (Prayer Book, * plain ') before my face *'. 

' Novtna^ a nine days* preparation of prayer for any desired objdtt. 



I04 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

prayer in the mass, as they shall wish to answer before the Great Judge. 
Whence it is said, ''Whoso knoweth his (true) gain, knoweth God, 
and every thing which passeth hath its burden ". But if the vicar, or other 
chaplain, has not been personally present at mattins, that is, the Dirige 
of these exequies, and also not in the choir in his habit from end to end 
of the service, he shall lose his share for that time, which portion shall 
be distributed according to the discretion of the vicar and chaplains 
aforesaid in celebration of masses for the dead, or in charity. But if 
any of the chaplains, on the Monday as aforesaid, shall not celebrate in 
the Parish Church the trenthal of masses as aforesaid for the souls in 
purgatory, specifying my soul, he shall lose his portion, which portion 
shall be disposed of as above. I will also that the clerks shall have 
eight pence from the lands of John, the son of Thomas, and of John 
Clerk, for tolling my memorial annually. In testimony whereof my 
seal is appended to these presents ; and for greater evidence I have 
procured, with the efforts that beseemed me, the common seal of the 
burgh of Aberdene, along with the seal of Andrew Branche, one of the 
baillies of the said burgh, and giver of sasine, at Aberdene 4th February, 
1438, in the presence of Sir William Bouse, Sir William Leitht, chap- 
lains ; John Mayr, Thomas Blinsell, and John Trail, burgesses; and 
Alexander Skynnar, at that time beadle; along with several others 
specially called and requested to be present. 

Copy certified by Mr. John Kennedy, notary public. 

[Here follows a blank page,] 



LXIV. 

Charter by Stephen de Bakrony, endowing Altar of S. Stephen. iSth 

March, 144J. {Large Abstract) 

To all the faithful in Christ who shall see or hear this charter 
Stephen de Balcronj, burgess of the burgh of Aberdene, wisheth ever- 
lasting health in the Lord. Know that I, for the increase of Divine 
worship, and for the health of my soul, and the souls of Marjory 
(Mariota), my spouse, of our parents, friends, predecessors, children, 
and successors, and of all the faithful dead, have given ... to 
Almighty God, and to His Mother the blessed Virgin Mary, and all 



CHARTER OF STEPHEN DE BA LC RON Y— ALTAR OF S. STEPHEN. I05 

saints, and to the Altar of S. Stephen, the First Martyr, situated within 
the Parish Church of S. Nicholas, Confessor, of the said burgh, and to 
the chaplain celebrating and to celebrate for ever Divine service at the 
said altar, all and each the annual rents under-mentioned, which, 
imploring the Divine providence, I have acquired of mine own sub- 
stance, due annually from the under-mentioned lands, viz. : From a 
certain land of mine, lying on the west side of the Gallowgate, between 
my own land on the north, and the common public way which leads 
from the market place (forum) of the said burgh to the Shiprow on the 
south, and the two public ways on the east and west, six merks, Scots. 
And I grant, will, and oblige myself and my heirs, successors, and 
assigns whomsoever, to keep up ^ and supply in all necessaries the 
said land, and as often as the same begins to decay in whole or in any 
part thereof; we, however, or any one of us, shall never receive any 
sum of money pertaining to us from the said land for one or two terms, 
until the said land is sufficiently kept up, put right, and supplied in the 
sight and judgment of the chaplain of the said altar for the time being. 
And from the land of Henry Ryny, lying in the q^arter of Futy, between 
the land of the heirs of the late William Cryne on the south, and the 
land of William de Westland on the north, six shilling^ and eight pence. 
And from a certain land of mine, lying in the Shiprow, on the west side 
thereof, between the land of Andrew Wricht on the south, and the land 
of Thomas Blinseile on the north, six shillings and eight pence. And 
from a land in the Gaistraw, on the west side thereof, between the land 
ot the heirs of the late John Marsar on the north, and the land belong- 
ing to the House of the Holy Trinity on the south, thirteen shillings 
and four pence. And from that land of mine which I live in, l3dng in 
the Gallowgate, on the west side thereof, between the land of Adam, 
the son of Nicholas, on the south, and the land of Sir Andrew Scheres, 
chaplain, on the north, thirteen shillings and four pence. And ffom a 
certain land of mine, lying in the Gallowgate, on the east side thereof, 
between the land of John Scherar on the north, and the land of Duncan 
Lrundoris on the south, six shillings and eight pence. And from that croft 
of mine with the kiln at the west end of it, lying at the end of the street, 

' The wifdoni of this provision, from the churchman^s point of view, is illustrated by the 
namcrotts cues of lands ** now wasU,'' which fixmerly had yielded much more than they 
re doing when the Chartulary was written. 

O 



I06 , CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

on the east side of the same, between the croft of the heirs of Sir 
Alexander Barklay of Grantulie, knighf, on the north, and the croft of 
Andrew Ancroft on the south, six shillings and eight pence. And from 
that small croft of mine, lying in the croft-lands of Futy, between the 
common vennel called Garvaeke's Wynd ^ on the north, and a croft of 
William, Stradee on the south, two shillings a year for the up-keep of a 
lamp and other necessaries for the said altar. And from another land 
of mine, lying in the Gallowgate, on the west side thereof, between the 
land of William Smyt on the north, and the land of the heirs of the late 
William Fichat on the south, four shillings. And that upper sole of 
ground of mine in the north end of my foresaid land, Ipng in the 
Gallowgate, on the west side thereof, between the land of .the late 
Angus, the son of Adam, on the north, and two public ways on the 
east and south, and my own land on the west, to remain for ever for a 
chamber for the said chaplain for the time being.* To be held, etc., 
. . . by the said altar and the chaplain thereof, . . . the said 
chaplain for the time being bound to perform the service of the Church, 
and to make the offerings of devout prayers at the foresaid Altar of S. 
Stephen in the foresaid church. Likewise I will and grant, in behalf 
of myself, my heirs and assigns, that the said perpetual chaplain and 
his successors shall be bound to give personal attendance with the other 
chaplains in a decent and respectable habit at the greater hours on 
Sundays and double feasts, according to the use of the said Parish 
Church. . . . The patronage of the said chaplaincy to remain to 
my son Richard and his heirs and successors forever ; and if it happen 
that the said Richard or his heirs or successors being engaged in busi- 
ness for a year and a day in parts remote, a vacancy meanwhile arising 
in the chaplaincy, then the Provost, Baillies and Council of the said 
burgh for the time being, with the consent and assent of the vicar of the 
said church, the chaplain of Holy Cross Altar, and the chaplain of the 
Altar of the Blessed Virgin Mary, shall be entitled to dispose of it as they 
shall wish to answer for the same before God. ... In testimony 
whereof my seal is appended to this present charter, and . . . the 

^ Called Garvock*8 Wynd to the present day. This is important, as determining th 
position of these croft-lands. 

' A rather unusual bequest, for a rather unusual purpose. The donor evidently wished 
his chaplain to reside near him. 



STEPHEN BALRONY — ANNIVERSARY AND LAMPS. IO7 

seal of a prudent man, Alexander Blinseile, then one of the baillies of 
the said bui^h, and giver of sasine of the foresaid annual rents and 
chamber to the foresaid altar and chaplain, ... at the said burgh 
of Abirdene, i8th March, 1444, before honourable and prudent wit- 
nesses: John Pify John Scrogis (father), Duncan de Clat, Matthew 
Pichat, Andrew de Cullan, John de Scrogis (son), William Rollande, 
Andrew Ancroft, Thomas Blinseile ; Mr. Robert Stewart, vicar ; Sir 
John Pettimweyme, Sir Andrew Scherate, Sir John Lamb, chaplains ; 
and Malcolm Daker, then sei^geant ; with many and divers others. 
Copy certified by Alexander Portar, notary-public. 

LXV. 

Charter by Stephen Balrony, endowing the Altar of S. Stephen, and Lamps 
for the Altars of S. Maty and S. Nicholas. 8th March, 145J. (A bstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Stephen Balrone,^ bur- 
gess of the buiigh of Abirdene, wisheth everlasting health in the Lord. 
Know that I, with the instinct of charity, and for the honour of God 
Almighty, and His most glorious Mother, the Virgin Mary, and of all 
saints, and specially for the honour of S. Stephen, the Pirst Martyr, for 
the salvation of my soul, and of the souls of Marjory, my wife, of our 
parents, and successors, and all the faithful dead, have given . . . 
to the chaplains who daily celebrate Divine service within the Parish 
Church of S. Nicholas of the said burgh, one anniversary of twenty 
shillings a year to be drawn by the said chaplains or their collector from 
the land of William Eddendeach lying within the said burgh on the 
north side of the Upperkirkgate, between the land of the heirs of the 
late John Traile on the west, and the land of the heirs of the late 
Valcnde* Skynnar on the east. Also to the endowed perpetual chap- 
lains of the Altars of the most glorious and blessed Virgin Mary and of 
S. Nicholas, situated in the foresaid church, one annual rent of six 
shillings due to me, and payable from the land of Adam Crafurde lying 
within the said burgh on the north side of the Upperkirkgate, between 
the land of Mr. John Cadiou on the west and the land of John Litstar, 
the son of Edward, on the east, to be kept for ever for the purt>ose of 

* Balrony : no doubt the same as Balrrony in LXIV., the c being dropped in popular speech. 

* Valende. Are there other instances of this Christian name ? 



I08 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

finding annually oil for the lamps of the said altars, to be drawn by the 
perpetual chaplain of the Altar of S. Stephen, the First Martyr, situated 
in the said church, and the patron of the same for the time being ; the 
said anniversary and annual rent to be held ... of At foresaid 
chaplains and their successors in pure and perpetual alms from me, my 
heirs and assigns . • • The said chaplains henceforth performing 
annually at the said Altar of S. Stephen on the Saturday (Sabbath) next 
after the Feast of the Epiphany (6th January), one Placebo and Dtr^^ with 
music, and thereafter a trenthal without music, for my soul, and the soul 
of Marjor>% my wife, of our sons and successors, and of all the faithful 
dead. • • . Also I will and grant that Sir Andrew Serass, chaplain 
of the Altar of the Blessed Virgin Mary, for the whole of his lifetime 
shall have the power of distributing the said anniversary to the foresaid 
chaplains, and specially to those of them who convene more regularly, 
and are present and in residence in a decent habit at the greater hours 
daily in the said church. And after his decease, I will that it be distri- 
buted as provided, seen to, and considered by the vicar of the said 
church, and the chaplain of the Altar of S. Stephen, for ever. • • . 
In testimony whereof, my seal is appended to this charter, and for 
greater evidence I have procured the seal of a prudent man, Alex- 
ander Blendseill, one of the baillies of the said burgh, and giver of 
sasine, in the name of Sir Andrew Serass, chaplain, and the foresaid 
chaplains. . • • At the said burgh, 8th March, 1454, before these 
witnesses: Duncan Clat, William Eddendeach, William Cantuly, 
Thomas de Chalmer and Adam de Crafurd, burgesses of the said burgh ; 
Sir John Modane, Sir John Murrawe, and Sir Duncan Yhonde,^ chap- 
lains ; and Malcolm Dakre, one of the sergeants of the said burgh ; with 
many and divers others. 

Copy certified by William Philipsoune, notary-public. 

. LXVI. 

Narrative of the Process of Recovery of the Land of Philip Dtmbrek for the 
Curate and Chaplains of the College of S. Nicholas of Aberdeen. 13th 
March, 151,. {Translation.) 

To all and sundry to whose knowledge these present letters shall 

^ This Rifty perhaps, be a form of Young ; Sir Andrew Serass in this charter is probably 
the " Sir Andrew Scherate " of the preceding. 



PROCESS OF RECOVERY — PHILIP DUNBREK'S LAND. lOp 

come, John Mar, James Coiisoun, Andrew Piff, and Walter Culane, 
bailKes of the buiigh of Abirdene, wish eternal health in the Lord. 
Seeing; it is a pious and meritorious thing to bear faithful testimony to 
the truth, and specially in matters which are determined judicially before 
the judges and officers of our supreme Lord the King in the exercise of 
their duty, therefore it is that before us in a full and Head Court held in 
the Town-house of the said burgh, on Monday, 13th March, 1510, there 
came to the bar a discreet man, Sir John Waus, collector of the chap- 
lains of the college of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of the said 
burgh, and craved from the common clerk three processes by him 
lawfully deduced in three previous Head Courts concerning the recovery 
of the proprietorship of that inner piece of waste land with the per- 
tinents thereof belonging to the late Philip Dunbrek and Elizabet 
Dabir, his spouse, lying within the said burgh on the south side of the 
Netherldrkgate, between the land of Andrew Melvyn on the east, and the 
land of John Malisoun on the west, and the land of the late Patrick Stiklok 
on the south, and the front land of S. Ann, the Mother of Mary, on the 
north, in default of pajrment of one annual rent of ten shillings, Scots, 
due to the said chaplains, and long unpaid. Which three processes 
having been read through and proved according to law, the said Sir John, 
in the name of the said chaplains, prayed us for the fulfilment of right 
and justice; whereupon the hour of the day having been waited for 
according to law, and no party appearing or opposing, all having 
interest having been lawfully called, and none compearing, the said Sir 
Collector deposited his pledge in the hands of William Scrimgeiour, 
sergeant, that he gained his case for the recovery of the said piece of 
waste land with its pertinents. Wherefore it was decreed by the Court, 
and given for judgment by the mouth of William Fynne, crier of the 
aaid court, that the said collector, in the name of the said chaplains, 
has lawfully recovered the property of the said waste land with its 
pertinents, for and because of the failure in payment of the said annual 
rent of ten shillings. Concerning all which the said Sir John prajred 
for our letters testimonial to be strengthened by our seals, along with 
the signature of the under-mentioned notary-public, which we kindly 
gave to him« In the year, month, and place aforesaid, the fourteenth 
indiction, and the eighth year of the pontificate of the most holy father 
in Christ and our lord, the lord Julius IL, by Divine providence, Pope, 



no CHARTUl^RY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

these things were done in the said Town-house, about eleven o'clock 
a.m., or thereby, in the year, day, month, indiction and pontificate 
aforesaid — these prudent and honest men, Patrick Reid, Dauid Steuart, 
Dauid Mar, senior, Andrew Meldrum, Duncan Fyff, burgesses of the 
said burgh ; Normand Lesley, Andrew Nauchtie, and Gilbert Prestoun, 
sergeants, called and asked to the foresaid. 

And I, John Stirueling, presbyter of S. Andrews, with Imperial 
and Royal authority . . . 

[The rest of the notary's docquet is illegible,] 

LXVII. 

Narrative of the Process of Recovery of the Land of Thomas Og.^ ^th 

October, 1517. (Abstract.) 

To all and sundry to whose knowledge these present letters shall 
come, Alexander Ruderfurde, Alexander Menzes, Duncan Mar, and 
Patrick Lesley, junior, baillies of the burgh of Abirden, (wish) eternal 
health in the Lord. Whereas . . . therefore it is that before us 
sitting in full and Head Court, held within the Town-house of the said 
burgh on Monday, 5th October, 1517, there came to the bar a discreet 
man, Sir Dauid Liell, collector of the chaplains of the college of the 
Parish Church of S. Nicholas of the said burgh ; and craved from the 
common clerk three processes by him lawfully deduced in the three 
previous Head Courts, of and concerning recovery of the proprietorship 
of that piece of waste land of the late Thomas Og's, Ijdng on the north 
face of the Castle Street, over against the Port of the same, between the 
land of the late John Wilraingsoun on the west and the public ways on 
the east and south, in default of payment of one annual rent of six 
shillings and eight pence, Scots, lawfully due to the said chaplains and 
long unpaid. Which three processes, being read through and lawfully 
proved, the said Sir Dauid, in name of the said chaplains, prayed us for 
the fulfilment of law and justice. Whereupon, the hour of the day 
being waited for according to law, no party appearing or objecting, and 
all having interest being lawfully called and none appearing, the said Sir 
David deposited his pledge in the hands of Normand Lesley, sergeant, 
that he had gained his case for the recovery of the proprietorship of the 

^ 1594. Now the heirs of the late William RaimsUdsoun. {NoU in Chartulary.) 



FEU CHARTER TO RICHARD MURRAY. Ill 

said waste land, with its pertinents. Wherefore it was decreed by the 
Court and given for judgment, by the mouth of Alexander Tailzeour, 
crier of the court, that the said Sir Dauid, in name of the 
chaplains, had lawfully recovered the said waste land, with its perti- 
nents, on account of default in payment of the foresaid annual rent. 
On all which the said Sir Dauid respectfully requested our letters 
testimonial to be confirmed with our seals and the signature of the 
under-mentioned notary-public ; which we kindly conceded in the year, 
day, month, and place aforesaid. In the siicth indiction, the fourth 
year of the pontificate of our most holy father in Christ and lord, the 
lord Leo X., Pope, were these things done in the foresaid Town-house, 
about II o'clock a.m., in the presence of honest and trustworthy men — 
Thomas Waus, Dauid Mar, Junior, Alexander Wentoune, Walter 
Howosoun, Robert Meni:es, bui^gesses of the said burgh ; William 
Scrimgeour, David, the son of Henry, and Walter Allansoun, 
sergeants, witnesses called and asked to the foresaid. 

And I, John Sterling, presbyter of S. Andrews, notary-public 
with Imperial and Royal authority, was present, etc. . • • 
[The docquet of the notary is illegible.] 

LXVIII. 

Feu Charter by Mr. Thomas Chawtner to Richard Murray. 20th April, 15 19. 

(A bstract.) 

To ^ all who shall see or hear this charter, Mr. Thomas Chawmer,^ 
Curate, and the chaplains of the Choir of the Parish Church of S.^ 
Nicholas of Abirden, (wish) eternal health in the Lord. Know that we our 
own advantage herein, and that of our successors, being diligently 
considered and fully understood, have given ... in feu to a 
religious man. Brother Richard Murray,^ the minister^ of the House 

1 This charter has one of the few attempts at an ornamental letter in the Chartulary. 

* Mr. Thomas Chalmer was the son of Thomas Chalmer, burgess, by his spouse, Eliza- 
beth Blinseile, to whom he was served heir in 1535, and is best known to us as the promulgator 
of a doctrine which almost lost him his position as curate. This '* heresy " consisted in his holding 
and pnUidy teaching that all altarages, chaplainaries, etc., were directly in the gift of the Pope 

' Divus. 

* Now Mr. Robert Chalmers's. {NoU in Chartulary.) 

* Minister, !>., the friar who attended to the secular business of the convent, like the col- 
lector of the chaplains. See Necrologium Domus Sanctt Francisci (Miscellany of Spalding Club), 



112 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

ef the Holy Trinity of the said burgh» all and whole that land of ours 
nearly waste, and the garden of the same, with its pertinents, lying 
within the said burgh in the Green, on the north side thereof, between 
the land of the late John Malisoun on the east and the land of the late 
Andrew Lamyntoun on the west, the public way on the south, and the 
common vennd on the north, to be held ... by the said minister 
and his successors, as ministers of the said house, in feu and perpetual 
heirship • . . with the due length and breadth thereof, witii the 
buildings thereupon constructed and to be constructed, with the stones 
and lime . . . and on condition of paying annually to us and our 
successors twenty shillings, Scots ... in name of feu-rent, and 
also on the added condition that if it happens that the said minister, his 
successors, or whosoever may be possessing the same land, should fail 
in payment of the said annual feu-rent . • . for. the space of three 
terms, they having been craved, then it shall be lawful for us and our 
successors, without any piDcess of law or noise, to have free entrance. 
• . . In faith and testimony of all which our common seal and the 
seal of an honourable man, Patrick Lesley, senior, one (of the baillies) 
of this burgh, are appended at the same on the twentieth of April, 1519, 
in the presence of honourable men — Richard Waus, Duncan Mar, David 
Arrot, burgesses of Abirden ; Norman Lesley, sergeant ; and Mr. David 
Nicolsoun, notary*public and derk of court. 

Copy certified by Mr. William Philipsoun, notary*public, 25th 
ApriU 1520, and signed — 

Brother Richard Murray, minister, with my own 
hand. ^ 

Brother David Clark, with my own hand. 

Brother Symon Gray, with my own hand.^ 

For ourselves and our successors. 



LXIX. 

Charter by James Ctdisane, endowing the Curate and Chaplaim cf the Choir. 

14/A December, 1519. (Large Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter James Colisoun, burgess 

^ These " Brothers " are, of course. Trinity Friars. 



CHARTER BV JAMES COLISONE. II3 

of Abirdene, wisheth eternal health in the Lord. Having well con- 
sidered the shortness of the time of this present world, and the length 
of that world to come, joyous indeed to those who in their lifetime have 
done good deeds, but to last for ever full of anxiety and woe to those 
who do the contrary : wishing, therefore, to forestall the day of final 
judgment with works of mercy, so that what we have sowed on earth we 
may gather with manifold increase in heaven : Wherefore, know that I, 
in honour of Almighty God, and of Mary, His spotless Mother, and of 
all the citizens of heaven, for the health of my soul, and the souls of my 
wives, brothers, children, parents and benefactors, and for the souls of 
those from whom I obtained anything with scant justice — and, notably, 
for the soul of Sir Andrew Colisoun, my brother-german — and for the 
souls of all the faithful dead, have given ... to the curate and 
chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene 
all and whole my annual rents under-written, recovered of my own gain, 
namely : One annual rent of twelve shillings, Scots, payable annually 
from all and whole that tenement of the late Dauid Adamsoun, burgess 
of Abirdene, lying within the said burgh, in the Gallowgate, on the east 
side thereof, between the land of the late John Stuart, burgess of Abir- 
dene, on the south, and the land of John Cullane on the north, the 
public way on the west, and the croft-lands on the east of the said 
burgh. One annual rent of two shillings, Scots, from the whole tene- 
ment of John Piper alias Cuming, lying in the same street, on the west 
side thereof, between the land of Duncan Andersoun alias Wandy on the 
north, and the land of John Reid on the south. Another annual rent 
of two shillings, Scots, from the whole tenement of the late Mr. Andrew 
Porter, lying on the same side of the said street, between the land of 
Andrew Stratoun on the north, and the land of the late George Saidlar 
on the south. Likewise that annual of rent of mine of two shillings, 
Scots, from all and whole the tenement of the late William Belti, lying 
in the street commonly called the Schuilhille, between the land of the 
heirs of the late Thomas Meldrum on the east, and the land of the heirs 
ci the late Andrew Stevinsoun on the West. And another annual rent of 
mine of two shillings, Scots, from the whole tenement of Nicholas Baxter, 
lying in the Netherkirkgate, between the land of Duncan Gilruy on the 
east, and the land of the late Mr. John Banzenaucht, vicar of Gemry, 
on the west. To be held . . . For which annual rents the said 

p 



114 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

curate and chaplains and their successors shall annually celebrate for 
ever one anniversary, namely : the office of the dead — ^that is» Placebo 
and Dirige in the first vigil of the feast that next follows the day of 
my burial — and a sung mass in the same seivice, along with a trenthal 
of masses, as the custom is, in the week following, for the souls of the 
aforesaid and of all the faithful dead, and for my intentions whatsoever. 
Moreover, the collector of the said chaplains for the time being shall 
cause the crier with a handbell to go round the town in the said vigil 
of my obsequies, that the people may be incited to pray for the health 
of the aforesaid souls ; he shall place upon my monument a table» and 
cover it with a pall or other seemly decking, and shall find wax lights. 
Moreover, the sacristan of the foresaid church shall cause the church 
bells to be rung thrice at the said obsequies and at the sung mass on 
the said feast, as in like anniversaries ; and shall cause to be made in 
full such other prayers as are in use and wont on the like anniversaries. 
And all these shall be, without fail, observed each year for ever by the 
said chaplains, collector, and their successors, as they would wish to 
answer before the Most High Judge. ... In testimony whereof 
my seal, along with the seal of Patrick Leslie, senior, one of the 
baillies of Abirdene and giver of sasine, are appended, in his house 
on the T4th December, 1519, before these witnesses, prudent and 
honest men: Sir Dauid Waus, Sir Dauid Leis, chaplains; William 
Scrimgeour, Dauid Heroun and Norman Leslie, sei^^eants ; with divers 
others. 

Copy certified by Mr. William Philipsoun, notary-public, 14th 
May, 1521. 



LXX. 

Charter by John Litstar, endowing the Curate and Chaplains of the Choir. 

5th April, 1512. (Large Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Sir John Litstar, chaplain 
of the Altar of SS. Crispin and Crispinian in the Parish Church of 
Aberdene, wisheth eternal health in the Lord. Since we shall all stand 
before the jtidgment-seat of Our Lord Jesus Christ to receive either good 
or evil according as we have done in the body, therefore it is expedient 



CHARTER OF JOHN LITSTAR. II5 

to prevent with works of mercy the day of final judgment so that we 
may reap in heaven with abundant increase that which we have sowed 
on earth — ^wherefore know that I, moved by the Divine intuition of 
charity, in honour of Almighty God, of the most blessed Virgin Mary, 
of SS. Nicholas and Barbara, and all the citizens of heaven, for the 
health of my soul^ and the souls of my parents, benefactors, kinsmen, 
and those from whom I have received aught with scant justice, and of 
all the faithful dead, have given ... to venerable and discreet men, 
the curate and chaplains of the choir of the said church, all and whole my 
annual rents under«written at mine own cost recovered, namely : one 
annual rent of eight shillings, Scots, due from all and whole those roods 
and particles^ of lands and from the buildings on the same belonging to 
Andrew Jake, burgess of the burgh of Inueroury, lying withiq the said 
burgh of Inueroury, namely, from the said Andrew's three roods lying 
on the east of the said burgh, between the kirk-lands on the north, and 
the lands of William Tailzeour on the south, and the king's highway 
on the east. And from two roods of land lying on the east of the same 
between the lands of Robert Andersone on the south, and the land of 
John Andersone on the north, the water of Oury on the east, and the 
king's highway on the west. One annual rent of six shillings, Scots, 
from two roods or particles of lands and buildings belonging to Hugh 
Andersone, burgess of the said burgh of Inueroury, lying within the 
same on the west side thereof, between the lands of Robert Andersone, 
junior, on the south, and the lands of William Blakhall of that Ilk on 
the north, the king's highway on the east, and the lands of our Sovereign 
Lord the King on the west. And one annual rent of eleven shillings, 
Scots, and from the ground rent of the whole property of Donald 
Strathachin lying within the said burgh of Abirdene in the Upperkirk- 
gate on the south side thereof, between the land of the late William 
Noiy on the east, and the land of Andrew Michelsone on the west, the 
king's highway on the north, and the bum on the south, to be held 
... on condition of the said curate and chaplains, and their suc- 
cessors celebrating each year on the fourth day a Mass of the Wounds 



> Cf, Scottish measure firks. In classical Latin the word means a portion of famd 
measured oot by a pole. It is often translated " perches," r.^^., in Charters of Friars Preachers 
0/ Ayr, p. 13. 



Il6 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

of Our Lord Jesus Christ,^ at the Altar of the blessed Mary «tuated 
within the same, and on the day of my decease, ten private masses for 
the health of my soul and of the souls aforesaid. And the collector 
{general of the same (chaplains) shall place upon my tombstone a table, 
and cover it with a decent pall, each year for ever ; and shall give two 
pence to the town-crier of the said burgh for his trouble in going 
through the town. . . . Moreover know that I, for the increase of 
Divine worship, the honour of Almighty God, of the most blessed Virgin 
Mary, of S. Barbara the Virgin, and all the citizens of heaven above, 
and for the health of my own soul and of the souls aforesaid, and of 
all the faithful dead, have gifted ... to the Altar of the S. 
Barbara, Virgin, founded within the Parish* Church of the said burgh, 
and to the chaplain thereof for ever, all and entire that land of mine, 
upper and lower, with its pertinents, lying within the aforesaid burgh, on 
the north side of the Netherkirkgate between the land of the late David 
Gethane on the east, and the land of the late Walter Memys on the 
west, with the king's highway to the south ... on condition that the 
said chaplain and his successors, the chaplains of the same altar, celebrate 
on every seventh day of the week, to wit, the Sabbath, one mass of the 
most blessed Virgin Mary at the same altar each year henceforth for ever 
for the health of my own soul and the foresaid souls, and of all the faith- 
ful dead. ... In witness whereof my seal and the seals of the 
honourable men, John Colisoun and Walter Cullane, two baillies of the 
same burgh, and one of them the giver of sasine of this annual rent of 
eleven shillings, and of the land above designed, are at the same burgh 
appended to this present charter of mine, 5th April, 1512, in presence of 
men of thrift and honesty: James Colisoun, Thomas Chamer, Sirs 
David Waus, Duncan Marscheall, chaplains; William Scrimgeour and 
Andrew Naughtie, witnesses in the giving of sasine of the foresaid 
Annual rent of eleven shillings ; Henry Reid, Alexander Home, Dauid 
Criste, Dauid Couper, John Scrogis, Alexander Gray, junior, burgesses 
of the said burgh ; William Scrimgeour, sergeant, being present at the 
giving of sasine of the land fore-mentioned ; and Sir John Stirueling, 
notary-public. 

Copy certified by John Stirueling. 

1 Mass of the Wounds of Our Lord Jesus Christ. See Appendix V. 



DONATION OF MR. DAVID MENZEIS— FOR CLERGY-HOUSE. II7 

LXXI. 

Danaium of Mr. Dauid Menzeis far the Chaplains* Clergy-house. 2^th 

December^ 1520. {Translation,) 

Know all by these presents that we, the curate and chaplains of 
the college or choir of the Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, have, by 
the tenor of these presents, obliged ourselves and our successors, for the 
laud of God Almighty, and the glory of the blessed Mary His Mother, 
and of the whole court of heaven, to celebrate every Friday one Mass of 
the Passion of the said glorious Virgin^ in the Crypt, at the Altar of S. 
Maiy of Piety,' with intention for the soul of our colleague and brother, 
Mr. Dauid Menzeis, and the souls of Gilbert Menkes, Marjorie Chamer, 
his wife, and their parents, kinsfolk, founders, and benefactors, whose 
debtor in any way he is, to the satisfaction thereof according to God's 
merciful acceptance, by (the ministry of) one of the resident brethren of 
the college or choir, the celebrant and no other to receive into his hand 
a fee to the extent of fourpence and the residue of twenty shillings 
annually to be reserved for the use of the community, in that and 
forasmuch as the same Mr. Dauid Menzeis hath given to us and in 
numbered money paid over in pure alms, for the maintenance of 
ourselves and our successors, the sum of twenty-one pounds for our 
use and that of our successors solely towards the constructing, repairing, 
and building of our common dwelling-place. And particularly that tene- 

* Mass of the Passion of the Blessed Virgin. See Appendix V. 

' There were, we may be sure, in the Crypt — ^which is three-aisled— other altars also, but 
this altar of S. Mary of Piety had the place of honour, and gave its name to the whole — S. 
Mary*s ChapeL Its position is fixed for us by the boss bearing the monogram of the Blessed 
Virgin at the point where the vaulting ribs of the apse diverge. The Latin title was popularly 
rendered ** Our Lady of Pity" (the French form is ** Notre Dame de Pitie ")— a rendering, 
pcrhapa, which was not hx wrong, for Christianity ** made beneficence a form of Divine 
icrvice, and identified * piety' with *pity'" (Sidgwick's Ethics, p. 12a); but the idea was 
no doobc that of the Italian PUid, the Virgin Mother lamenting over the dead body of Our 
Lofd. Michael Angelo*8 fiunous sculpture of this subject, now a chief artistic treasure of S. 
Peter's at Rome, had been executed between 1495 and 1501, and no doubt gave a great impulse 
to the taste for such representations ; but the inherent pathos of the subject had already made 
it popular over the whole West, and it had a peculiar suitability for the decoration of altars 
which were mainly intended for the celebration of masses for the dead. Before the Crypt of 
& Mary was built, S. Nicholas* Church possessed an altar with the same dedication, for on asth 
July, 1445, Andrew of Culan grants certain annual rents ** to the Kirk of Aberdeen for an alter 
to be made in the north yill of Our Ladye of Pitye". {Cotmcil RuardSt iv. 41 1. See Appendix II.) 



Il8 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

ment of ours lying in the Shiprow, between the land of Thomas Chamer 
on the north and the land of the heirs of the late Thomas Prat on the 
south, the king's high-way on the east, and the Hill of S. Katharine the 
Virgin to the west. And the performance of the aforesaid to be inviol- 
ably observed by us and our successors, we unanimously decree and 
have decreed by these presents under our cheirographs and the 
signatures of our beloved notaries, under hypothec of all the common 
property, present and to come, belonging to us and our successors. 
All this was done in our common chapter-house ^ with the unanimous 
consent of the brethren assembled in the said chapter, and convened for 
the special purpose on Christmas Eve, the 24th day of December, 1520, 
the ninth indiction and eighth year of the most holy father and lord 
in Christ, our lord Pope Leo X. 

Signed by Mr. Thomas Chawmer, curate of Aberdene ; Sir Andrew 
Culp, Sir John Waus, Sir Daud Waus, Sir John Fyf, Sir 
Dauid Leis, Sir John Murray, Mr. Robert Margy, Sir William 
CoMTper, Sir Dauid Medyltoun, Sir Thomas Uxmintage, Sir 
John Reid, Mr. Dauid Men2eis, the poor founder. And in 
(memory of) all the faithful dead, etc. 
Attested by Dauid Nicholsone^ and by William Philipsoun, 
notaries-public. 

LXXII. 

Faundatiofi of a Weekly Mass of the Five Wounds — Thomas Waus. 16th 

February, 152^ (Translation.) 

Know all by these presents that we, the curate and chaplains of 
the college or choir of the Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, hereby 
oblige ourselves and our successors for ever to celebrate, for the laud, 
glory and honour of Almighty God, of His blessed Mother Mary, and 
all the celestial court, every fifth day of the week (Thursday), a Mass of 

1 The Chapter-houae of the Collegiate Church was probably the room which after the 
Reformation became the Setsion-hottse. It formed a projecting wing on the north side of the 
choir. 

> David Nicholson, clerk of the baillie court of Aberdeen, attetU the ** Notarial Copy of 
Precept by King David the Second for the observance of the Bull of Pope Clement the Fourth, 
affirming the privileges of the Friars Preachers ", (Charten o/thc Friars Preachfrs of Ayr ^ 
p» 10.) 



CHARTER OF THOMAS WAUS— WEEKLV -MASS OF THE FIVE WOUNDS. 1 1 9 

the Five Wounds of Our Lord Jesus Christ in the Church of S. Nicholas 
of Abirdene, at the Altar of S. Martin, Bishop and Confessor, with inten- 
tion for the souls of an honourable man of good memory, Thomas Waus, 
formerly burgess of this town, Marjorie Gregori, his wife, their chil- 
dren, parents, brothers and sisters, and their kinsfolk, the founders and 
benefactors, and to the satisfaction, according to God's merciful 
acceptance, of all the faithful dead whose debtors in any way they are, 
to be celebrated by the hands of one of the chaplains of the said college 
weekly in alternate turns, according to the table drawn up by the said 
resident chaplains of the choir, for that and forasmuch as the said 
Thomas and Marjory have given us twenty pounds in numbered money 
—that is to say, in gold and silver — and one annual rent of four shillings 
and sixpence, (and) with the unanimous consent of .their heirs, Elizabeth 
Waus and Margarete Waus, and their husbands, William Turing and 
Malcolm Crag, in pure and perpetual alms, for our support and that of 
our successors, have paid (the said money), namely, twenty pounds in 
gold and silver, by the hands of a venerable man, Sir Dauid Waus, 
brother-german of the foresaid Thomas, and one of his executors, within 
the chapter of the said church, all the chaplains of the choir being in 
chapter assembled ; and the said annual rent of four shillings and six- 
pence, in full pa)rment of twenty-four shillings and sixpence, to be 
drawn annually by the said chaplains, four shillings and sixpence from 
the house of William Blinschel in the Shiprow, on the north side 
thereof, as is more fully contained in a charter made thereanent for our 
use — ^yea, rather, for that of our successors — towards the constructing, 
repairing and building of our common dwellings, and particularly of 
that tenement of ours lying in the Shiprow, between the land of Thomas 
Chamer on the north, and the land of the heirs of the late Thomas Prat 
on the south, the king's highway on the east, and S. Katherine's Hill on 
the west ; and from our said new house other twenty shillings yearly, on 
behalf of the foresaid Thomas Waus — amounting, in all, to twenty-four 
shillings and sixpence. And the performance of this, and in promise 
that (all) shall be inviolably observed by us and our successors, we 
unanimously decree and have decreed, under our cheirograph and the 
signatures of our beloved notaries, under hypothec of all the common/ 
good present or to come of ourselves or successors. These things were 
done in our chapter-house with the unanimous consent of the brethren 



120 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

present, and specially convoked in chapter for the said purpose, i6th 
February, 1520, in the ninth indiction, and the eighteenth year of our 
most holy father in Christ and lord, our lord Leo X., by Divine 
providence, Pope. 

Signed by Mr. Thomas Chawmer, . • . ; Mr. Dauid Menzeis, 
notary-public ; Sir Andrew Gulp, Sir John Waus, Sir Dauid 
Waus, it is so Dauid Nichylsone, Sir John Fyfe, Sir William 
Couper, Mr. Robert Masoun, Sir John Murray, Mr. William 
Philipsoun, Sir Dauid Medyltoune, Sir Dauid Baxter.^ 



LXXIII. 

Charter by WaUer Blair founding an Anniversary. ' 5/A May, 1522. 

(Abstract) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Sir William Blair, chaplain 
of the Altar of the Holy Cross, situated in the Church of S. Nicholas of 
Abirdene, (wisheth) eternal health in the Lord. Whereas . . . 
therefore know that I, for the increase of Divine worship, in honour of 
Almighty God, of the most blessed Virgin Mary His Mother, and of all 
saints, both men and women,* have given ... to Almighty God, 
to the most glorious Virgin Mary, and to all saints, and to the perpetual 
chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, 
for one anniversary to be celebrated annually after my decease, and on 
the day of my decease, with masses to be celebrated by the chaplains 
themselves, or one of them, through the whole octave, as the custom of 
the said church is, with the ringing of the bell through the town on the 
night preceding and in the church on the morrow, at the mass at the 

^ The snbttance seems to be as fi>llows : The dmpUuns of S. Nicholas are to celebrate 
every Thursday a Mass of the Five Wounds, in consideration of £2^ and an annual rent of 
4J. td. given them in lieu of two annual rents of aos. and 4s. bd, (the latter from a house in 
the Shiprow, the other from their own property). The clergy guard themselves from the 
charge of benefiting themselves at the expense of their successors by pointing out tfiat the re- 
pair of their clergy-house, on which they are to spend the money, is for their suocessors^ 
benefit rather than their own. 

* Sanctorum et Sauctamm, I am, indebted fior this translation to " The Dream of Geron- 
tius " :— 

"AllSainUofGod 
Both men and women . . . ". 



CHARTER OF SIR JOHN WAUSS-— MASS OF THE VIRGIN MARY. 121 

Altar of the Holy Cross, in behalf of my soul, and the souls of Alexander 
Blair, my ikther, and Elizabeth Barcula, my mother, of Mariorie 
Blinschel, my stepmother, and those for whom I am held bound to 
pray, and all the faithful dead, one annual rent of ten shillings Scots 
to be raised annually from all and whole that land, as well outer as 
inner, of William Blinscheill,^ lying within the said burgh on the north 
side of the Shiprow, between the land of Simon Gardin on the east and 
the land of the Lord of Forbes on the west, and the king's highway on 
the south, To be held by the said chaplains . . . with reservatiop 
to myself of the said annual rent during the whole time of my life 
... in testimony whereof my seal is appended to this present 
charter at Abirdene the 5th day of May, 1522, in presence of honour- 
able men. 

Signed by Thomas Chawmer, curate of Aberdene ; Sir Andrew 

Culp, Sir William Cowper, Sir William, the son of Philip ; 

William Philipsoun, presbyter. 

LXXIV. 

Charter by John Warns endowing Curate and Chaplains of Choir, 2nd 

August, 1522.* (Large Abstract) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Sir John Wauss, presbyter 
and perpetual chaplain of the Altars of SS. James, Martin and Katherine, 
situated within the Parish Church' of S. Nicholas of the burgh of Abir- 
dene, (wisheth) everlasting health in the Lord. Whereas according to 
the apostle " we have here no abiding city," and elsewhere ** he that 
soweth in blessings shall reap in blessings," know that I, for the increase 
of Divine worship, in honour of God Almighty, of the most glorious 
Mother of God, the ever-blessed S. Martin, and all the court of heaven, 

^ 15th April, 1603. Produced before the baillies by Andrew Kyng, collector, against 
Walter Collisoiin, in form of proof. Mollisoun, clerk. (Note in Chartulary,) 

'Produced in mode of instruction, 3rd May, 1603. MoUesoun, Clerk. (Note in 
Ckartulary.) 

*Ih temflo ^arockiaU divi Nicholaij, The use of the words tempium for ecelesia, and 
divus for sametuSf show the influence of the Classical Revival. An instance, at once curious 
and instructive, of the competing styles — the old Ecclesiastical and the new Classical — occurs 
in the two accounts of Alexander Galloway, in the Obituary of the Grey Friars Convent of 
Aberdeen. {Miscellany of the Spalding Club^ i.) 

Q 



122 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

have gifted . . . to the vicar curate* and the brethren chaplains of 
the choir or college of S. Nicholas of the foresaid burgh, and their suc- 
cessors being in residence and celebrating Divine service, one annual 
rent of twenty shillings, Scots, to be raised yearly and for ever in equal 
portions at the two usual terms ... in pure and perpetual alms 
from all and whole that land of mine with its pertinents lying within 
the said burgh, on the north side of the Green * between the land of the 
late Henry Bawn on the west, two of the king's highways on south and 
east, and the land of Alexander Goithra to the north. For which yearly 
rent the said vicar curate and brethren of the choir, and their successors, 
shall be bound to render special return, namely, on each and every 
Sabbath-day (Saturday) for behoof of my soul and the souls of my parents, 
benefactors, and those whose debtor I am, to celebrate one Mass of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary without note at the Altar of S. Martin, to the 
celebrant whereof the collector shall of his salary forthwith make good 
the sum of fourpence. Moreover, know that to these same persons I have 
bequeathed, and by the same deed irrevocably confirmed, the foundation 
of another annual rent to the amount of twenty-three shillings and four- 
pence drawn from lands as follows : Firstly, from all and whole the land 
of the chaplains of the same choir, lying on the west side of the Gallow- 
gate of the foresaid burgh, between the land of the late Walter Quhit 
on the north, and the land of the late Andrew Baxster on the south, and 
the king's highways to east and west, five shillings and fourpence. 
Likewise from the acres, farm-lands, crofts or fields of Inuerrowry, 
firstly, from the land of Henry Johnsoun within said burgh on the west 
thereof between the lands of the laird of Wardens on north and south, 
the king's highway to the east, and the lands of our lord the King to the 
west, ten shillings. From two acres called "The Rudis" of the late 
Thomas Zong, burgess, lying on the west of the same bui^h, between 
the lands of our lord the King on the south, and the lands of William 
Henrisoun on the north, four shillings. From the lands of Thomas Rathe 

1 Vicar-curate — the same person. He was vicar as substitute for the bishop, who was 
rector ; he was curate as incumbent of the parish. It was in this sense that the Scottish 
parish ministers of **The Second Episcopacy" (1661-1690) were "the curates". C/*. the 
French curi, 

^Andrew Dargis land, and his sons. Ye land in yt Greyn as appears stand was 
Kaye's land and Sibbault's land nixt yc Den burn. {NoU in Chartulary,) 



CHARTER OF SIR JOHN WAUSS— MASS OF THE VIRGIN MARY. 1 23 

lying between the land of John Brankaucht on the south, and the land of 
John Hachosoun on the north, the king's highway to the east, and the 
land of our lord the King to the west, two shillings. From the lands 
of Hugh Zong lying within said burgh, on the east thereof, between 
the glebe of the parish church of the same on the north, and the land of 
the said Hugh Zong on the south, two shillings. Further, Walter 
Banzenacht infeft Sir Dauid Wauss, in name of the procurator of the 
brethren of the said college of S. Nicholas, in five roods, acres or perks 
of lands, in return for a clause of relief, warrandice, or indemnity of the 
foresaid eighteen shillings, called the Donald's Croft (dues), as is con- 
tained more fully in the evidents made thereanent ; which rents I will 
to be applied for an anniversary in behoof of my soul and the soul of 
my brother-german, Dauid Waus, and the souls of all the faithful dead, 
by the foresaid vicar, otherwise the curate, and the chaplains for the 
time being present and in residence, to be celebrated annually on Quin- 
quagesima Sunday, namely : the solemn obsequies or vigils on the night 
preceding, with the Sunday sung mass, as has been said, with the 
trenthal throughout the following week, as the manner is ; and let dis- 
tribution of the fees be made into the hands of those only who are 
present and celebrating. lUm, that the collector shall decently adorn 
my monument with a carpet and lights, as the manner is ; and to the 
sacrist, for ringing (the bell) thrice at^ the vigils and as often at the 
mass, shall be given fourteen pence ; to the town-crier, two pence ; ^ 
and shall give, as aforesaid, to the chaplains and licensed (clerks) ^ in 
residence whatever is over from the foundations for these souls. . . . 
In testimony whereof are appended my own seal and the seal of an 
honourable man, Patrick Leslie, one of the baillies of Abirden and giver 
of sasine. At Abirden, 2nd August, 1522. 

Signed by Mr. Thomas Chawmer, curate of Abirdene; Mr. 
Dauid Menzes, Sir Andrew Culp, Sir Dauid Wauss, Mr. 
William Philipsoun, Mr. Robert Masoun, Sir William 
Couper, Sir Gylbert Nycholsone, Sir John Goldsmytht, 
Sir John Cumyng, Sir Brien Dyce, Sir Dauid Leis, Sir 

' In Ayrshire also the town-crier's fee was the same : ** He shall ger the belman gar 
thnm the towne and pray for the said Alane, and Jonet Hill, his spous, for the whilk he sail 
gyf the helman twa d.'*. {CharUrs of the Friars Preachers of Ayr t p* 51 ; anno 1469.) 

* Facultaiihus. 



124 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Alexander Robsoun, Sir Thomas Rynie, Sir John Waus, the 
founder hereof. 
Copy certified by Mr. Dauid Nicholsone, notary-public and clerk 
of court of the diocese of Abirdene. 

LXXV. 

Feu Charter by Curate and Chaplains of Chair to John Neikoun. ^oth 

July, 1520. (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, the curate and chaplains 
of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene vnsh 
eternal health in the Lord. Know that we, with the counsel, advice, 
and consent of an honourable man, John Mar, formerly Provost of 
Abirdene, our profit herein having been on all sides foreseen and 
diligently considered, have given ... in feu ... to an honest 
man, John Neilsoun, indweller in the said burgh, all and whole these 
four perks of our lands given us in pure and perpetual alms by the said 
John Mar, lying in the croftlands of Futtey, namely — One between the 
land of the chaplaincy of S. Andrew founded in the said church on the 
south, the land of John Arthour on the north, the land of Andrew Cullan 
on the eas^, and the tide-mark on the west ; those two perks of our 
lands lying between the land of the said John Arthour on the south, the 
land of Gilbert Menzeis on the north, the land of Walter Hovesoun on 
the east, and the tide-mark on the west ; and likewise that fourth perk 
of the said lands lying between the land of Richard Cryn on the south, 
the land of the Altar of the Holy Cross within the said church on the 
north, a certain old water- lade (aqueductum) on the east, and the 
tide-mark on the west ... to be held of us by him and his heirs 
in perpetual feu and heirship . . . the said John, his heirs and 
assignees, paying to us and our successors one annual rent of sixteen 
shillings, Scots. ... In testimony whereof our common seal, along 
with our signs-manual, and the seal of the said John Mar, our founder, 
as giving his consent, and of Baillie Patrick Leslye, the giver of sasine 
hereof, are appended 30th July, 1520, before these witnesses, men of 
thrift and honesty — John Craik, William Wattsone, Alexander Wen- 
toune, burgesses of Abirdene ; Walter Saifray, sergeant ; and Mr. 
Dauid Nicholsone, notary-public and clerk of court, witnesses, etc. 



«' 



CHARTER OF SIR WILLIAM PHILIPSONE. 125 

LXXVL 

Charter by William Philipsone endowing the Vicar and Chaplains of the 

Choir. $th March, 1523. (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter. Sir William Philpsone, 
diaplain and stipendiary of the Altars of S. John Baptist and the Three 
Kings,^ situated and founded within the parish church of S. Nicholas of 
Abirdene, (wisheth) eternal health in the Lord. Know that I, for the 
increase of the worship of God, and in honour of Mary the undefiled 
Mother of God, of S. Ann, Matron, the Mother of the same glorious 
Virgin, and of all the celestial citizens, and for the health of my soul, 
and the souls of my parents, friends, founders, and benefactors, and of 
all those from whom I have received any benefits with too little justice, 
and of all the faithful dead, have given ... to the vicar and 
chaplains of the choir of the said Parish Church, and to their successors 
being in residence and celebrating Divine offices for the time being, All 
and whole that land of mine, inner and outer, with the garden thereof, 
lying within the said burgh in the Green, on the east side thereof, 
between the land of the late Alexander Roucht on the north, the land 
of William Vobster on the south, the king's high way on the west, and 
the mill-lade of the said burgh on the east, to be held . . . by the 
said vicar and chaplains, and their successors . . . with reserva- 
tion to myself of free holding and use of the same all the days of my 
life, one annual rent of ten shilling being nevertheless to be drawn by 
the said vicar and chaplains in name of owner's loss' . . . the 
vicar and chaplains . . . celebrating annually all the days of my 
life an anniversary mass at the said Altar of the Three Kings, namely, 
one sung (mass), with a trenthal throughout the week following, in the 
Second Sunday of Lent, for my soul and intention,^ and the souls 

^ The WiM Men of the East (S. Matt. ii. 1-12) were talten to be Kings on account 
of the prophecies (Ps. Ixxii. zo ; Isa. Ix. 3), and to be three in number from their three gifts, 
gold, frankincense, and myrrh. They were also regarded as representing respectively the 
Gentiles of Europe, Asia, and Africa. 

^ In nomine domini dempto et obtento. Perhaps for dampniiaie, in name of owner's loss, 
iu., the loss incurred on a property which loses part of its value by the mere decay of time. 

' The mass being regarded as, in effect, a prayer — the presentation to Ood of Our Lord's 
kx the obtaining of a special object — ^the founder here desires it to be said on his 



126 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

aforesaid, and the collector for the time being shall pay into hands 
of the chaplains who are present only out of the income, and shall 
straightway satisfy my claims before I depart and go the way of all 
flesh ; the said chaplains and their successors shall be bound to 
celebrate every Tuesday at the said Altar of the Three Kings, or else 
at the High Altar of the said church, one Mass of the glorious S. Ann,^ 
Matron, in behalf of the foresaid intentions. . . . And we, the 
foresaid chaplains, bind ourselves and our successors in ampler form to 
maintain and fulfil all the foresaid Divine offices. In testimony whereof 
I have signed this, my charter, with my own hand, and we, the 
chaplains in chapter assembled, for this my purpose, and representing 
the whole body of our chapter, with their consent and assent have 
ratified and approved these presents by our chirographs. At Abirdene, 
5th March, 1523, before witnesses — Mr. John Marschell, Andrew Cullan, 
Adrian Marschell, Sirs Thomas Lamyntoun, Walter Blair, Patrick 
Stevinsone, and Hugh Valcar, with divers others. 

Signed by Thomas Chawmer, Curate of Abirdene ; Sir Andrew 
Gulp; William Philipsoun, presbyter and notary-public; 
Sir William Couper, Sir Dauid Wauss, Mr. Dauid Menzeis, 
Sir John Waus; so it is, Dauid Nicholsone, Sir John 
Comyng, Sir Thomas Bynie, Sir Dauid Leis, Sir Dauid 
Lerimar, Sir Alexander Robert soun, Sir Gilbert Nicholsone, 
Sir John Goldsmytht. 
And I, Sir William, (son) of Philip, chaplain, founder of this foun- 
dation, ratify, approve, and confirm it, and I renounce the free tenement, 
service being rendered (to the King, as in the deed) all the days of my 
life. And let those infringing my foundation be cursed with the curse 
of God Almighty, and of the Apostles Peter and Paul, and let them be 
confounded for ever. 

William, (son) of Philip, hereto with my own hand. 



behalf with the object of obtaining hit intention, ».r., his with, as declared aforesaid, or 
whatever his pious desire might be, his desire, of course, being known to Almighty God. Our 
Lord Himself directs us to consider beforehand what benefits we riiall ask of Him. ** What 
wilt thou that I should do unto thee ? " (S. Mark, x. 51.) 

> Mass of S. Ann. See Appendix V. 



INSTRUMENT OF POSSESSION— WI J XI AM BLINSELE'S RENT. 1 27 

LXXVIL 

Instrument 0/ Possession to Annual Rent given by the late William Blinsele. 

28/A May^ 1524.* {Translation.) 

In the name of God, Amen. Be it plain to all by these presents 
that in the year of our Lord's Incarnation, 1524, the 28th day of May, 
in the twelfth indiction, the second year of the pontificate of the most 
holy father in Christ and lord, our lord Clement X.,^ there appeared per- 
sonally in the presence of me, notary-public, and of the witnesses under- 
written, an honourable man, William RoUand, one of the baillies of the 
bur^ of Abirdene, and, in virtue of a certain deed of resignation made 
with his own hands by the late William Blinsell, burgess of Abirden, 
gave and delivered to a discreet man, Sir William Cupar, chaplain of 
the Altar of S. Thomas the Martyr, situated within the Parish Church 
of Abirdene, the procurator of the chaplains of the choir, and acting in 
their name, possession and sasine to them and their successors of one 
annual rent of twenty-four shillings yearly from all and whole those two 
contiguous lands lying within the said burgh, in the Upperkirkgate on 
the south side thereof between the land of the late Robert Club on the 
east, the land of the late Alexander Howesone on the west, the king's 
highway on the north, and the land of Alexander Ruyerford on the 
south, hitherto due to the said William (handing them over) by gift ot 
earth and stone, also by (gift of) a penny of intoll, according to the 
laudable custom of burghs (with reservation of everyone's rights) in 
regard to gifts and concessions, laying upon and corporally investing the 
said chaplains and their successors, or their procurators, with the free 
power and faculty of taking and distraining the said lands in payment 
of the said annual rent without the intervention of any minister of the 
law, but at their own hands, as the custom is, as often as need requires. 
Concerning all which, the said Sir William, in his procuratorial * 
capacity, craved that this present public instrument' might be drawn up 

> ajfd If aieh, 1G06. Rrodticed in mode of instruction. MoUesonn, Clerk. {Note in 
CUrhikuy.) 

' This !• a cnriout mistake. The Pope waa Clement VII. ; Clement X. lived a century 
ind a half later : he was elected Pope in 1670. 

' This may illustrate the phrase still in use in the Church Courts of Scotland : " Took 
instruments in the clerk's hands and craved extracts ". 



128 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

by me as notary-public. All this was done on the ground of the said 
lands about nine o'clock a.m., the year, day, month, indiction, and 
pontificate aforesaid, in the presence of honourable and prudent men : 
Walter Cullan, Mr. Andrew Tulidef, William Rolland, junior, Diuncan 
Tulidef, Michael Tulidef and Dauid Heroun, seiigeant, along with divers 
other witnesses called and invited to be present. 

Attested by Dauid Nicholsone, professor of Arts, and clerk of 

the Baillies' Court of Aberdene, and of the diocese thereof, 

and notary-public. 



LXXVIII. 

Charter by John A rihur^ endowing A liar of the Name of Jesus. 14th 

August, 1520.^ (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter John Artour, burgess of 
Aberdene, (wisheth) eternal he^lfii in the Lord. Whereas . . • 
Know ye, therefore, that I, for the increase of Divine worship, and at 
the bidding of charity, for the health of my soul and the souls of my 
parents, brothers, sisters, wives, and of all those from whom with scant 
justice I received any good things, and of the souls of the faithful de- 
parted existing in the pains of purgatory, in honour and veneration of 
Almighty God, of His undefiled Mother Mary, and of the most loving 
and beloved Name of Jesus, our Saviour, to whom every knee shall bow, 
and of all the celestial citizens, have given ... to a discreet man, 
John Vaus, chaplain, and to his successors, perpetually to celebrate at 
the altar within the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Aberdene, by me 
newly erected and constructed in veneration and honour of the said 
most reverend Name of Jesus, all and whole that outer land of mine, 
recovered out of my own substance, lying within the said burgh, in the 
Upperkirkgate, on the south side thereof, between the inner land of Sir 
John Ruthirfurd, knight, on the south, and the land of the late Robert 
Club on the west, and the king's highways on the north and east, to be 

held . . . with the edifices built or to be built thereon with stones 

< 

^ See infra f Appendix I., No. 19. 



INSTRUMENT OF POSSESSION— JOHN BLAK. I29 

and lime ... by the said Sir John and his successors making per- 
sonal residence within the said burgh, and daily when they are disposed 
celebrating at the said Altar for my (soul's) health, and all my intentions 
as aforesaid ; also gracing (by their presence) the choir of the said 
church on Sundays and other festivals. And if it happens that the said 
John and his successors fail in the aforesaid, or in any part of it, unless 
on account of sickness or special leave of the patron for the time being, 
or if it happens that the buildings on this land decay through fault of 
the chaplain, then it shall be lawful for the patron to intromit with the 
said chaplaincy, and to apply all its fruits to the repair of the said build- 
ings, and to confer the same on another fit chaplain. Therefore, let 
those infringing, or causing to be infringed, this my donation . . . 
know that they incur the indignation of Almighty God, of His undefiled 
Mother, and of all the citizens of heaven. In testimony whereof my 
seal, along with that of an honourable man, John Collisone, one of the 
baillies of Aberdene and giver of sasine, are affixed. But the right of 
patronage of the said chaplaincy is reserved to me and my heirs, 
whom failing, to the Provost and Council of Aberdene for ever ; and for 
greater evidence my sign-manual is affixed to the present charter of 
foundation at the same place, 14th August, 1520. Witnesses, men of 
thrift and honesty: Sir John Ruthirfurd, knight, Arthur Wrquhard, 
Gavin Murray, burgesses of Abirdene ; Walter Sandry, sergeant ; 
and Mr. Dauid Nicholsone, notary-public and clerk of court for the 
time being. 

Copy certified by Mr. Thomas Zoung, notary-public. 



LXXIX. 

Insirumeni of Possessiofi to Annual Rentf given by John Blak^ burgee of 

Abirdene. nth Dec., 1524.^ (Abstract.) 

In the Name of God, Amen. By this public instrument, let it be 
evident to all that in the year of our Lord, 1524, on the nth of 



' This annuell on yis Life in ute of payments, hospiull and all. {NoU in Chartulary,) 

R 



I30 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

December, the second year of the pontificate of the most holy &ther 
in Christ and lord, our lord Pope Clement VIL, there compeared 
personally before me, notary-public, and other witnesses, a prudent 
man, John Blak, burgess of Abirdene, not induced by any violence 
or fear, nor having fallen into any mistake, nor being circumvented 
by any wile, but of his mere good pleasure, and immutable resolve, 
as appeared, and freely gave, by the giving of one penny of onttoU, into 
the hands of an honourable man, Patrick Leslie, one of the baillies 
of this burgh, all and whole that annual rent of his of eighteen shillings, 
. . . due from the land of the late Alexander Tulidef, baker, l3ring 
within the said burgh, in the head of the Netherkirkgate, between the 
land of the said John Blak on the east, and the king^s highway on 
the west,, the land of the late Dauid Andersone on the south, and the 
king's highway toward the north ; and resigned simplicUer all right in 
the same . . . and asked that sasine and hereditary possession of 
the same should be given to the chaplains of the choir of the Parish 
Church of S. Nicholas, of Abirdene, aye and until the said chaplains 
or their successors are infeft by the said John or his heirs, and shall 
have possession and sasine of an annual rent of six shillings and eight- 
pence in another place, sufficient and convenient for the said chaplains. 
Whereupon the said baillie, on the special mandate of the said sir, 
resigned hereditary holding possession and sasine of all aqd whole the 
annual rent of eighteen shillings aforesaid, and by giving of a penny 
of intoll, gave it over to a discreet man, Sir Dauid Waus, collector 
and procurator of the said chaplains, and in their name, and invested 
him therewith, aye and until he be provided with the above-mentioned 
annual rent by the said John or his heirs. Concerning all which the 
said Sir Collector demanded from me, as a notary-public, the said public 
instrument. Done on the ground of the foresaid land, about lo a.m., 
in the year, day, month, indiction and pontificate aforesaid, these 
honourable men being witnesses, specially called and asked to be 
present — John Rutherfurd, Robert Blak, Dauid Baune, burgesses of 
Abirdene; Sir John Waus, chaplain; and Thomas Blair, sergeant, 
with divers others. 

Attested by Dauid Nicholsone, Professor of Arts, and Clerk of 

the Baillies' Court of Abirdene, and of the Diocese of the 

same, a notary-public. 



CHARTER OF ALEXANDER PETKARINE OF MONOINIS. 131 

LXXX. 

Confirmation of the Charter of Alexander Petkarine of Mondinis, 22nd 

March, 148J. {Abstract.) 

In the Name of God, Amen. By this public instrument, be it 
evident to all, that in the year of our Lord 1481, 22nd March, the 
last indiction, the eleventh year of the pontificate of the most holy 
father in Christ and lord, our lord Sixtus IV., by Divine providence 
Pope, there compeared in the presence of a venerable man, Mr. Robert 
Halkerstoun, commissary of the reverend father William (Bishop) 
elect and confirmed of Ross,^ and official within the parts of Lothian 
of the most reverend father in Christ and lord, the lord William, by 
the mercy of God Archbishop of S. Andrews,* and in the presence of 
me notary*public, and the witnesses underwritten, Mr. John Chalmer, 
Succentor* of Moray and Master of the Hospital of S. Thomas of 
Abirdene, and handed for perusal to me the notary underwritten and 
clerk of the court of said reverend father ofiicial, a certain charter 
sealed with the seal of the late Alexander Petcarine, laird of Mondinis 
the tenor whereof follows : To all who shall see or hear this charter 
Alexander Petkarine of Mondinis wisheth eternal health in the Lord. 
Know that I, having carefully considered my advantage in the matter, 
for the purpose of paying my debts in which, at the term of the making 



1 Biihop William, elect of Ross in 1481, was no other than William Elphinatone, the 
founder of the University of Aberdeen. He was translated to Aberdeen in 1483. Dr. Grub 
thinks he was not consecrated till after his translation* (Eccl. Hist, 0/ Scotland, i. 405.) 

'Willsaai, Archbishop of S. Andrews (Arckiipiscopus SanctUmdree) was William 
Sbcvcs, coadjutor bishop of S. Andrews in the lifetime of Patrick Graham, the first Archbishop 
of S. Andrews. Notwithstanding the persecutions to which, partly through Sheves himself, 
his predecessor was subjected for assuming the title and functions of metropolitan, Sheves 
spears on his promotion (1478) to have at once assumed the style of Archbishop, a style 
accorded him in this charter of the date 1481. It was not till 1487 that he obtained letters 
from Pope Innocent VIII. expressly recognising and confirming his rights, and conferring on 
htm the pall and the dignity of primate. (Grub, EccUs, Hist, of Scotland^ i, 386.) 

' Sucamtar. " There are two classes of singers in the musical art, the Precentor, 
namely, and the Succentor, The precentor leads in the chant, the succentor reponds.* 
Th^ramdms, quoted in Migne's Lexicon, The precentor, or chantor, of Moray was the parson 
01 AHca« 



132 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

of these presents, I stood bound towards my (lather's creditors, have 
given, granted, sold, and by a pure deed of sale have alienated, and by 
these presents have confirmed, to a venerable and circumspect man, 
Mr John Clat and his assigns, one annual rent of six merks, Scots, 
to be lifted by the hands of the said Mr. John and his assignees from 
my lands of Mondinis, and specially from the Estirtoun and Westir- 
toun, and failing them from my whole lands of Mondinis lying in the 
barony of Mondinis, within the shire of Kincardin, in consideration of a 
certain sum of money which in my great and urgent necessity the said 
Mr. John faithfully paid to me in numbered money, to be held . . . 
by the said Mr. John and his assigns from me, my heirs and assignees 
in feu and heirship for ever . . . the said Mr. John and his 
assigns paying to me, my heirs and assigns, one silver penny on the 
ground of the said lands of Mondinis at Whitsunday yearly in the name 
of blench farm, if it is demanded. . . . And if it happens that I, my 
heirs or assigns, should hinder . . . the said Mr. John . . . 
in the peaceful lifting of the said annual rent, I oblige myself, my heirs 
and assigns, to make good to the said Mr. John whatever loss, expense, 
or interest of the said principal sum the said Mr. John or his assigns 
may have sustained by the fraud ^or fault of me or of my heirs, without 
any exception adduced to the contrary in or out of court by me, my 
heirs or assigns ; and if it happen that I, my heirs or assigns, 
should turn against the bargain aforesaid, or under any colour 
or ingenuity infringe or annul this charter, I oblige myself and 
heirs ... to pay to the said John or his assigns two hundred 
pounds, Scots, for the purpose of satisfying him, and that before we have 
been heard by any judge, ecclesiastical or secular, alleging no remedy 
at law to the contrary. Moreover, I, the foresaid Alexander, consent, on 
behalf of myself, my heirs and assigns, that the foresaid annual rent be 
assigned to the Church for ever, in honour of Almighty God, so that 
Divine worship may be increased. ... In testimony whereof mine 
own seal is appended to these presents at Mondinis, 22nd March, 1458, 
in the presence of these witnesses, Sir Cristofer Holland, chaplain of 
Drumlethy, and John Petkarine, my dearest brother. Which having 
been read, the same Mr. John asked of Alexander Petkarine, laird of 
Mondinis, grandson of the said Alexander, cited at the instance of the 
said Mr. John, if he wished to add anything to, or say anything against 



FOUNDATION OF JANET CRAUFURD. 133 

the said charter ; who replied. No, because he well recognised the said 
charter as bearing the seal of Alexander Petkarine his grandfather ; and 
in every point he ratified and approved it, and for the rest promised to 
pay the said annual rent as contained in the same charter to the fore- 
said Mr. John and his successors, masters, and chaplains of the said 
hospital, according to the meaning, form, and tenor of the deed of 
mortification of our Sovereign Lord the King about and anent the said 
annu^ rent of six merks belonging to the rent of the said hospital then 
produced in court by the said Mr. John under the great seal of the said 
our Sovereign Lord the King. Moreover, the said Alexander admitted 
in presence of the judge that he was due the foresaid Mr. John, from 
certain terms past, fifty-two shillings, Scots, of the said annual rent ; 
which sum the said Sir judge warned and ordered the said Alexander 
to pay to the said Mr. John, and in future to obey him by pa}rment of 
the said annual rent at the times stated in the charter, under pain of 
excommunication. Concerning all which the said Mr. John took 
instruments of me notary-public. These things were done in the 
chamber of the said Sir judge within the burgh of Edinburgh in the 
year, day, month, indiction, and pontificate aforesaid, in the presence 
of venerable men — ^James Rynde of Broxmouth, Archibald Rate, Sir 
Thomas Mody, chaplain and notary-public, summoned as witnesses. 

Attested by George Cotis, presbyter of the Diocese of S. 
Andrews, notary-public ... 

Copy certified by me, William Philipsoun, notary-public • • . 
13th June, 1526, 

« 

LXXXL 

Faundaiion of Janet Craufurd, ijfh Dec., 1526. (Translation.) 

In the name of God, Amen. Let it be evident to all by this public 
instrument that in the year of our Lord 1526, the 13th of December, in 
the fifteenth indiction the fourth year of the pontificate of the most holy 
father in Christ and Lord, our lord Clement VIL, by Divine providence 
Pope, in the presence of me, notary-public, and the witnesses under- 
written there appeared in person a good and honourable woman, Janet 
Cranfurd, the relict of the late Gavin Murray, burgess of Abirdene, and 
for certain reasonable causes inclining her mind thereto, gave and 



134 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

freely gifted to a prudent man, Thomas Craofurd, burgess of the said 
buiighy the sum of twenty pounds, Scots, in numbered money, in lieu of 
one annual rent of twenty shillings of the said money due annually 
from all and whole that front and back land of hers l)ang within the 
said burgh, on the north side of the Upperkirkgate, between the land of 
the heirs of the late Robert Crag on the east and the land of John 
Murray on the west, to be paid by the same Thomas to the vicar and 
chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, 
as is more fully contained in the charter executed thereanent in favour 
of the same chaplains by the same Thomas. In return for which 
annual rent the said chaplains bound themselves and their successors 
to celebrate one anniversary, namely, PAic«6o and Dirige^ on the first 
Saturday of October, with a sung mass on the Lord's Day following, 
and a trenthal throughout the week, yearly, for the soul of the said 
deceased Gavin, her husband, and for the souls of her parents, kinsfolk, 
and benefactors of the same, and for the souls of all the faithful dead, 
and this throughout the remaining days of the life of the said Jonete ; 
but after her death the said chaplains shall celebrate yearly one sung 
mass on the day of her decease, with a trenthal throughout the week ; 
also yearly, on the foresaid first Lord's Day of October, for the soul of 
the foresaid deceased Gavin, one sung mass, with its trenthal throughout 
the week, without Placebo and Dirigc. Moreover, the collector of the 
said chaplains shall, on the said anniversaries, place decent tables decently 
covered above the monuments of the said Gavin and Jonet ; shall find 
wax lights, and cause the bells of the church to be knoUed twice ; also 
on the eves of the said anniversaries he shall cause the town-crier to go 
through the city (urbem) that the faithful people may be incited to pray 
for the souls of the said deceased Gavin and Jonet, and shall do and 
fulfil all things customary at such anniversaries. To the doing of 
which the foresaid chaplains bound themselves and their successors for 
ever in fuller form. Concerning all which the said Jonet took instru- 
ments of me, notary-public. Done in the chapter(-house) of the said 
church, about 8 o'clock a.m., on the day, month, indiction, and pontifi- 
cate above-mentioned, in the presence of venerable and discreet men — 
Mr. Dauid Menzeis, Bachelor of Sacred Letters;^ Mr. William 

' Note the Degree B.SS.LL. 



FOUNDATION OF ALEXANDER AND GILBERT MALYSONE. , 1 3$ 

Philpson and Mr. John Nicholsoan, notaries-public ; with the other 

brethren of the chapter, etc., etc. 

And I, Dauid Nicholsoune, Professor of Arts — (part is wanting 
herey^ol the baillies of Abirden . . . also notary-public, 
with apostolic authority . . . {The rest is illegible.) 

LXXXII. 

Foundation of Alexander and Gilbert Malysone. Sth September ^ 1519- 

{Translation,) 

Know all by these presents that we, the curate and chaplains for 
the time being of the college or choir of S. Nicholas of Aberdeen, have 
obliged ourselves, according to the tenor hereof, and do oblige ourselves 
and our successors for ever, to celebrate, to the laud and glory of 
Almighty God, of His blessed Mother Mary, and of the whole court 
of heaven, every Friday one Mass of the Five Wounds of Our Lord 
Jesus Christ ^ at the Altar of S. John the Evangelist, with intention for, 
and in behalf of, the^soul of a late prudent burgess, Alexander Malysone, 
and the soul of Margaret Kintor, his wife, and the souls of their parents, 
children and kinsfolk, in consideration that the same Alexander Malyson 
gave to us, and Gilbert Malysone, his son and heir, paid to us in pure 
alms, for the support of us and our successors, the sum of twenty-four 
pounds, wholly for our use and the support of our successors, and for 
constructing, repairing and building our common dwellings, and par- 
ticularly that tenement of ours lying in the Shiprow, between the land 
of Thomas Chawmer on the north, and the land of the heirs of the late 
Thomas Prat on the south, the king's highway on the east, and the Hill 
of S. Katherine the Virgin on the west. And, for the performance and 
inviolable observance hereof by us and our successors, we unanimously 
decern and have decreed ibis writ, confirmed by our signs-manual, and 
under hypothec of all the common goods of ourselves and our successors 
both present and future. Done in our chapter-house, with the unani- 
mous consent of the brethren in chapter assembled, and called together 
for this end, on (the Feast of) the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 
8th September, 15 19. 

Signed by Mr. Thomas Chawmer, curate of Aberdeen ; Mr. John 

^ See Appendix V. 



136 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Byssatt rector of the Grammar School ; ^ Sir John Wauss, 
Sir John Fyff, Sir David Wauss, Sir William Philipp, Sir 
John Gumming, Sir Richard (son of Andrew), Sir Robert 
Park, Sir Alexander Anderson, Sir William Couper, Sir 
Dauid Lorimer. 

LXXXIII. 
Foundation of John Murray, yth March, 152^. 

[This deed is in English, and is a very interesting example of the 
language as then (1526) spoken in Aberdeen. The curate and chap- 
lains of the choir of S. Nicholas, in consideration of the gift to them 
by John Murray of a tenement in Castle Street, bind themselves to 
'' say and do daily henceforward Mass at S. Salvator's Altar within the 
said church at 7 a.m., which shall be called the Second Mass, and shall 
be in behoof the souls of the said John, etc. ; also to sing an annual obit 
for him on the day of his decease, etc.".] 

LXXXIV. 

Deed of gift by Mr. John Clat, founding the Hospital of S. Thomas the 

Martyr.^ 28th May, 1459. (Tramtatian.) 

In the Name of God, Amen. Be it known to all by this present 
public instrument that in the year of our Lord 1459, the 28th of May, 
the seventh indiction, the first year of the pontificate of the most holy 

> A chaplaincy in the Church of S. Nicholas was the readiest method of providing a 
salary to the Rector of the Grammar School. Thos, ^ in 1479, Thomas Strachan was pre- 
sented to the mastership with a salary of only £$, Scots, until he should he provided with a 
chaplaincy in S. Nicholas Church *'. (Kennedy, AnmUSf ii. p. laa.) In the smaller Collegiate 
Church of CuUen, the Fifth Prebendary *' was required to teach a grammar school all the 
year round in the burgh of CuUcn, and to pray daily at the Altar of S. Andrew, in S. Ann's 
Aisle (of the Collegiate Church), for the soul of the founder and others *\ (Cramond, Ckurck 
aftd Ckurehyard of CulUn, p. 26.) 

In regard to Mr. John Byssat, Kennedy seems to be wrong in the date of his appoint- 
ment as Rectot of the Grammar School — ^he gives 1529 : this charter shows him in office 
ten years earlier. He had a notable history afterwards at King*s College. 

*i^., S. Thomas Becket, Archbishop <^ Canterbury ; to whose honour the great Abbey 
of Arbroath was dedicated. 



FOUNDATION OF S. THOMAS' HOSPITAL. 1 37 

father in Christ and lord, our lord Pope Pius 11.^ : whereas we shall all 
stand before the judgment-seat of our Lord Jesus Christ to receive 
whether good or evil according as we have done in our body, therefore 
a venerable and circumspect man, Mr. John Clat, canon of the Churches 
of Abirdeen and Brechin, willing by God*s gift to amplify and augment 
the worship of Holy Mother Church, did in the presence of me a notary- 
public and of the other witnesses under-written, give, concede, and 
assign all and each his lands and tenements of lands Ijang within the 
burgh of Abirdene, on the south side of the Netherkirkgate thereof, 
between the bum or aqueduct which flows from the upper mills of the 
said burgh, on the east side thereof, and the public venneP which is on 
the east side of the cemetery of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of 
the said burgh on the one hand, and extend themselves on the other 
from the said Netherkirkgate on the north, to the land of John 
Howysoun, burgess of the said burgh, on the south, for the purpose of 
constructing a Hospital in honour of Almighty God, and of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary, His most glorious Mother, and of all saints, and especially 
in honour of S. Thomas the Martyr, for the reception of the poor and 
infirm who shall come into the said hospital. Of which hospital, and 
the lands and possessions assigned, or to be assigned thereto, and also 
of the poor and infirm persons dwelling in it after its construction, he 
created and ordained Sir John Chawmer to be Master and Rector, and 
gave to him the chaplaincy of the same ; and he assigned the patronage 
of the chaplaincy of the said hospital, after his own decease and that of 
the said Sir John, to the Provost and community of the said burgh for 
ever. Moreover, to the said Sir John he gave and assigned all and each 
the lands and tenements aforesaid along with an annual rent of eighteen 
silver shillings from the land of John Barlotsone lying in the angle of 
Castle Street, between the land of Gilbert Wawce on the south, and 
the land of John, the son of Andrew, on north ; also therewith a rent of 
six shillings and eightpence payable yearly from the land of Henry 

^ The travelled Pope, Eneas Sylvius (Pope I458>i464). 

' The vennel is no doubt Correction Wynd. It must be remembered that before the 
opening of S. Nicholas Street, the Netherkirkgate extended to the west gate of the Church- 
yird. The site of S. Thomas' Hospital is that now occupied by the Melville Free Church 
(formerly the Chapel of the Associated Burgher Congregation) and the houses adjacent (See 
Kennedy, Annals of Aberdeen^ ii. 78-82.) 

S 



138 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Walcar lying on the north side of the oft-mentioned Netherkirkgate 
between the land of John Crukschank on the east, and the 
land of Findlai Fleschar on the west, which he had of his own by 
the alienation and selling of it to him by Andrew Gray; also that 
annual rent of six merks, Scots, from the lands of Mondinis, in 
the shire of Kyncardm, which he had of his own by the alienation 
and selling of it to him by Alexander de Petkarine of Mondinis, 
for the celebration in the said Hospital according to the disposition of 
his body and mind (secundum dispositionem corporis et animi sui) of 
(offices) for the souls of our Lord King James that now is,^ Alexander 
Stewart, Earl of Mar, his own father and mother, and all the iaithful 
departed from whom directly or indirectly he had any benefit And 
this same whoever is chaplain ruling the said Hospital after the death 
of the said Sir John. Whereupon the said Mr. John, with John Kyntor, 
one of the baillies of the said burgh, and certain witnesses underwritten, 
approached my lord deputed for the purpose (dominum deputatum) for 
the chapel and beds to be therein constructed. Wherefore the baillie, 
at the express desire of the said Mr. John, gave sasine and possession 
to the said Sir John by handing to him earth and stone as the custom 
is. Thereafter the said baillie went in person to the foresaid tenements 
of Henry Valcar and John Barklitsoun and gave and assigned to him 
possession of the foresaid annual rents by handing to him earth and 
stone with a penny. Concerning all which the said Sir John craved of 
me, a notary-public, that one or many instruments should be drawn up. 
These things were done in the chapter-house of the aforesaid Parish 
Church, and the tenements aforesaid, about nine a.m., in the year, day, 
month, indiction, and pontificate afore-mentioned, in the presence of 
John Fyfe, Andrew CuUane, Matthew Fychat, William Wocatte, 
burgesses ; John Waus and John TuUideif, sergeants ; John Gudlade, 
Alexander Vocat, John Modane, Christopher Holande, Lawrence 
Stuerok, chaplains; with many others. 

Attested by Thomas de Leis, presbyter of the diocese of Abirdene, 
notary-public. 

Copy certified by Thomas Zowng, notary-public. 

^ James II. 



S. THOMAS' HOSPITAL— RICHARD DE KYNTOR, 1 39 

LXXXV. 

Charter by Richard de Kyntor, endowing the Hospital of S. Thomas. 4th 

July, 1459. {Large A bstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Richard de Kyntor, 
Provost of Abirdene and burgess of the burgh of Kyntor, (wisheth) 
eternal health in the Lord. Know that I, having diligently considered 
and foreseen my advantage in all respects, and for urgent necessary 
cause, have given, conceded, sold, and alienated, and by these presents 
have confirmed the alienation, to Mr. John Chamer, Master of the 
Hospital of S. Thomas the Martyr, founded by a venerable and cir- 
cumspect man of good memory, Mr. John Clat, canon of the Churches 
of Abirdene and Brechin, all and whole those my lands of Kyntor, 
with their pertinents, and specially nineteen roods lying within the 
burgage of the said burgh, whereof three roods lie in the west end of 
the same on the south side held of the Lairds of Pentoun, between the 
land of Alexander de Kyntor on the east, and the land of the Friars 
Preachers of Abirdene on the west. Item, four roods lying in the 
same quarter, between the Church's land on the west, and the land of 
William Abel on the east. Item, two roods l}ang in the same quarter, 
between the land of the Altar of S. Andrew, in the Parish Church of 
Abirdene, on the west, ^d the land of William Scherar, burgess of 
Abirdene, on the east. Item, in the same quarter three roods lying 
between the lands of John, the son of William, on the west and on 
the east. And all these roods aforesaid lie between the king's high 
way on the north, and the common of the said burgh on the south. 
Ittm^ on the north of the said burgh, four roods, lying between the 
land of the foresaid William Scherrer on the west, and the Church's 
land on the east Item, in the same quarter of the said burgh, three 
roods, lying between the land of John Pylp on the west, and the land 
of the Altar of S. Andrew, in the foresaid church, on the east. Which 
last seven roods lie between the king's high way on the south, and the 
Water of Don on the north; for a certain sum of money which a 
venerable and circumspect man, Mr. Henry Rynde,^ Treasurer of the 



1 Mr. Henry Rynde was Treasurer of the Cathedral of Aberdeen in 1440, when, on the 
death of Bp. Lichton, the chapter attempted* some reforms in the administration of the 



I40 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

(Cathedral) Church of Abirdene, at the command of the said Mr. John 
(Chamer), out of the goods of the foresaid Mr. John Clat, founder of 
the foresaid Hospital, kindly paid to me in numbered money, with 
which sum, for m)rself, my heirs, and assigns, I hold myself well 
content and fully paid, and by these presents for ever quit all claim 
for myself, my heirs, and assigns, against the said Mr. John, and the 
said Hospital . . . the said Mr. John and his successors paying 
annually to our Sovereign Lord the King, the royal duty, and other 
customary dues, and to the lairds of Fentoun, for the roods mentioned, 
five bats of oats, old measure, at the terms statutory within the said 
burgh. . . . And if it happen (which God forbid !) that the said 
Mr. John or his successors are disturbed by me or others in their 
possession of the said nineteen roods ... I bind and astrict my 
tenement, lying in the Gallogat of Abirdene, between the tenements of 
Andrew Ruderford, and Alexander, the son of Patrick, and all my other 
lands, tenements, and annual rents, within the kingdom of Scotland, 
to be distrained at the terms statutory in the kingdom, for thirty 
shillings, Scots, at the hands of the Master of the said Hospital, I bind 
as often as required, aye and until the said Master of Hospital obtains 
full and peaceable possession of the said roods. Further, I bind myself, 
my heirs and assigns, my lands, and all my goods, moveable and un- 
moveable, wheresoever situated ... in the power of the said 
Master of Hospital to the sum of eighty pounds, Scots, ... if I 
do anything contrary to the tenor hereof. ... In testimony whereof 
my private seal is appended to those presents at the burgh of Abirdene, 
along with the seals of my brother, Alexander de Kyntor, in sig^ of 
his consent, and of Fergus Fylp, baillie of Kyntor, and giver of sasine 
of the foresaid lands, 4th July, 1459, before these witnesses — Sir Robert 
Clat, vicar of Cowill ; John, the son of William, and William of 
Kynnor, sergeants of the said burgh of Kyntor; William Smert, 
William Abel, Robert, the son of John, Andrew Kelle, Thomas, the 
son of William, burgesses, with many others. 

Copy certified by Thomas Zowng, notary-public. 



Cathedral: in 1448 we find him approving the statutes of Bp. Ingeram de Lyndcsay. 
(Rfgistrum Aherdonettse^ ii. pp. 68, 70, etc.) 



FEU CHARTER BY JOHN VAUS. I4I 

LXXXVL 

Feu Charter by John Vans. {FragtnentsJ) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter Sir John Waus, chaplain, 
wisheth eternal health in the Lord. Know that I . . . have given 
... in feu and hereditary lease, to a prudent man, William Mar, 
burgess of Aberdene, and his heirs and assigns, all and whole that land 
of mine, with its pertinents, Ijang within the burgh of Aberdene, in the 
Green, on the north side of the king's highway leading to the Pow Brig, 
between the land of the late Robert Gothro on the north, and the king's 
highways on the south and east, and the land of the late Henry Bawne 
on the west. To be held by the said William Mar, his heirs and as- 
signs, in feu, heirship and perpetual lease of me, my heirs and assigns 
. . . the said William . . . paying annually . . . the sum 
of fifteen shillings Scots in the- name of feu-duty, • . . and paying 
also to the Carmelite Friars^ of the said burgh, and their successors, the 
friars of the said place, one annual rent of five shillings'; also, to the 
chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Aberdene, 
and their successors, the chaplains of the said choir, one annual rent of 
twenty shillings Scots. ... In witness whereof the seal of an 
honourable man, Gilbert • . . giver of sasine ... in the year 
of our Lord 15..., in presence of . • . Mr. John Maist . . . 
Kyntor . . . three of the sergeants of the said burgh ; and Mr. 
John Nicholsoun. 

[The page is much torn.] 



>The "Place" or Convent of the Carmelite Friars was situated on the south 
tide of the Green — ^the names Carmelite Street and Carmelite Lane marking the exact 
locality. In the present year ( 1891), in digging for the foundations of a new house, a fragment 
of the Church of the Carmelites was brought to light. It was only the lowest stage of a 
buttress, but its size and the excellent workmanship of its dressed ashlar (Morayshire sandstone) 
gave clear evidence both of the extent of the edifice and of the purity of its architecture. To the 
■OBth east of the buttress, the old conventual burying-ground was easily identified by its rich 
black soil and the number of human bones which were found in it. A portion of these 
last was reinterred in the Churchyard of S. Nicholas. For some account of the Convent, 
tee Kennedy, Annals ofAbirdeent ii. pp. 71-75. 

'Now is James Brabner*s land ; few for 71. (Note in the Chartulary,) 



142 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

LXXXVIL 

Feu Charter by Curate and Chaplains to Alex, Rutherford, 6th August, 

1530. (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter the curate and chaplains 
of the choir of the Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene wish eternal 
health in the Lord. Know that we, with consent and assent assembled 
for this purpose in the chapter of our church, and the advantage of our- 
selves and our successors being diligently considered and advice had 
thereon . . . have given . . . in feu . . . to an honour- 
able man, Alexander Rutherfurd, one of the baillies of the buiigh of 
Abirdene, all and whole that land of ours, outer and inner, the garden 
and bam of the same, with its pertinents, lying within the said burigh in 
the Castle Street, on the north side of the same, between the land of 
Patrick Lesley on the west, and the lands of William Leslie and 
Thomas Andersoun on the east, the king's highways on the north and 
south, for one annual of nineteen merks, Scots, to be paid by the said 
Alexander, his heirs, and assigns, and the possessors, whosoever they 
may be, of this tenement, at the usual half-yearly terms, viz., Whitsun- 
day and Martinmas, ... to be held by the said Alexander . . . 
from our Sovereign Lord the King in feu, heirship and perpetual burgage 
• • . paying to us fourteen merks . . . to . . . Murray, 
cousin ... an annual rent (for the days) of his life . . . within 
the church ... of the choir of the church . . . 

[The manuscript here is much torn,] 

and if it happen that the said Alexander fail or be negligent in the pay- 
ment of the said annual rents, it shall be lawful for us, as often as 
necessary, to take and distrain the said tenement at our own hand, 
without the intervention of any minister of the law. And, further, if it 
happen that the said Alexander . . . shall fail in keeping up the 
said tenement in roof and tiles, so that it becomes ruinous (which God 
forbid), in that case it shall be lawful for us to have ft'ee regress to the 
said tenement without raising any cry in a court of justice. ... In 
testimony whereof, to this charter, signed with the hands of certain of 
our brethren, is appended our common seal, along with the seal of 
Baillie Henry Irvein, at the burgh of Abirden, 6th August, 1530, before 



CHARTER OF PATRICK GORDOUN OF METHLICK. I43 

these witnesses : John Chalmar, William Chesour, William Tulidef, 
Andrew Lowson, and Alexander Ogilwy; Thomas Huntar, Thomas 
Blair, sergeants; with divers others. 

[The part of the leaf containing the signatures is wanting.] 

LXXXVIIL 

Charter by Patrick Gordoun ' of Methlic endowing the Curate and Chaplains 

of the Choir, srd June, 1529. (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Patrick Gordoun of 
Metblik/ executor of the will and intromittar with the goods of the late 
John Murray, burgess of Abirden, wisheth eternal health in the Lord. 
Know that I, for the soul's health of the said John, and in fulfilment of 
the legacy and last will of the same, have given ... to the curate 
and chaplains of the choir of the Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, 
all and whole that land, outer and inner, new and old, and the garden 
and bam thereof, lying within the burgh of Abirdene in the Castle 
Street, on the north side thereof, between Patrick Leslie's land on the 
west and Thomas Andersoun's on the east, and the king's high-ways 
on the north and south, which land, with its garden and bam, was 
formerly the hereditary possession of the said John, who, in his last will, 
by charter and deed of sasine made on his sick-bed, conceded it in pure 
and perpetual alms to the foresaid curate and chaplains, which chaplains 
doubting that the said donation and infeftment would be and was 
invalid, I, for their more sure infeftment, have acquired from John 
Allansoun, the tme and undoubted heir of the deceased John, for a 
certain sum of money, paid to him in his necessity, the foresaid land, 
outer and inner, new and old, with the garden and bam thereof, as 
formerly expressed. And these lands, with all their pertinents, he, 
through his procurators lawfully appointed for that purpose, resigned 
by staff and baton into the hands of one of the baillies of the burgh of 
Abirdene, in the presence of me and of my heirs ... To be held 
... by the said chaplains and their successors of our Sovereign 

' An ancestor, no doubt, of the Earls of Aberdeen : the first authenticated ancestor of 
the £unily was an earlier Patrick Gordon of Methlick, who lived in the reigns of James I. 
and JaoMS II. (eirc. 1430-1460). The town house of the family was on or near the site 
mentioned in the text 



144 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Lord the King 

[The manuscript here is much iomJ] 

In which infeftment the foresaid chaplains and their successors shall 
celebrate every day a daily mass at the Altar of S. Salvator, within the 
said church, at seven o'clock, for the soul's health of the said John and 
Jonet Gray, his wife, and the souls of their parents, kinsfolk, benefactors, 
and all from which they got any benefit with too little justice, and of 
all the faithful dead who are in pui^gatory. Also annually, on the day 
of the death of the said John, one anniversar>% with Placebo and Dirige, 
a sung mass, and trenthal throughout the week. With reservation, 
however, to the foresaid Jonet Gray of free tenement and use of the said 
land, with its pertinents, all the days of her life. . . . And if we or 
our heirs refuse to fulfil the same, then we bind ourselves to pay to the 
said chaplains the sum of 500 merks, Scots, according to the tenor of a 
certain definitive sentence of the Commissary-general of Abirdene. 
. . . In testimony whereof to this charter signed with my hand is 
appended my own seal, along with the seal of the baillie, the giver of 
sasine, 3rd June, 1529, before these witnesses — Gilbert Menzeis, Provost 
of Abirden ; Alexander Gordoun, Alexander Kay, Mr. James Gordoun, 
Parson of Lunmey ; Mr. Gilbert Chalmer, notary-public ; Sir Dauid 
Rany, chaplain ; and a venerable man, Mr. Dauid Dischington, Precentor 
of Abirdeen ; with divers others. 

Copy certified by John Nicholsoun, notary-public. 

LXXXIX. 

Feu Charter by Curate and Chaplains of Choir to A ndrew Durtty, 10th March^ 

I53J-' {Abstract.) 
To all who shall see or hear this charter, the curate and chaplains 
of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene wish 
eternal health in the Lord. Know that we in chapter assembled, having 
looked well to our interest, and carefully and seriously discussed and 
scrutinised the matter, have, with unanimous consent, given and feued 
• . . to a prudent man, Andrew Durtty, burgess of Abirdene, all 
and whole that tenement and land of ours, outer and inner, with the 

^ On the twenty-eighth • . . 1607, produced in mode of title on the put of the 
community of the burgh of Aberdene. Robertaoun. {NoU in the Ckartulary. ) 



DEED OF GIFT— MR. DAVID MENZElS. 145 

garden and bam thereof, belonging once to the late John Murray, 
buigess of Abirdene, and given to us by the said John in pure and 
perpetual alms, lying within the said burgh, on the north side of the 
Castle Street, between the lands of William Leslie and Thomas Ander- 
soun on. the east and the land of Patrick Lesly on the west, and the 
king's high ways on the south and north ; To be held ... in free 
burgage perpetually of us and our successors and of our Sovereign Lord 
the King • . • the said Andrew, his heirs and assignees, paying to 
us and our successors, the chaplains of the said college of the choir of 
S. Nicholas of Abirdene, one annnal rent of twelve merks and a half 
merk, namely, thirteen shillings and four pence for each merk, Scots 
money . . . also to the perpetual chaplain of the Altar of S. 
Saluator, founded within the Parish Church of Abirdene, one annual 
rent of forty shillings, Scots, and likewise all other annual rents due and 
customary to us from these properties prior to this alienation. . . . 
In testimony whereof our common seal, with the signature of the curate 
and the major part of our chapter, also the seal of an honourable man, 
Alexander Rutherfurd, one of the baillies of the said burgh and giver of 
sasine hereof, are appended at the same place, loth March, 1532, before 
these witnesses, men prudent and discreet — John Murray, Robert Blak, 
Dauid Arrot, burgesses of Abirdene ; Sirs John Waus, William Philp- 
soun, Alexander Robertsoun, chaplains ; Alexander Waus, collector of 
the chaplains for the time being ; Thomas Huntair, sergeant ; and Mr. 
Dauid Nicholsoun, notary-public, and clerk of the Baillies' Court of 
Abirdeen ; with divers others. 

Copy certified by John Nicholsoun, notary-public and Town- 
clerk of Aberdeen ; John Kennedy, notary-public ; signing 
himself again as John Nicholsoun, notary-public and clerk 
of the Baillies' Court of Aberdeen.^ 



XC. 
Deed of Gift by Mr. Dauid Menzcis. 21st Jidy^ 1528. (Translation.) 
In the Name of God, Amen. Be it evident to all by this public 



^ The docquet is in a different hand from the deed. 

T 



146 CHARTULARV OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

instrument, that in the year 1528, the 2ist of July, the first indiction, 
and the fifth year of the pontificate of our most holy father in Christ 
and lord, the lord Clement VII., by Divine providence Pope, in the 
presence of me, notary-public, and the witnesses under-written, com- 
peared personally a circumspect man, Mr. Dauid Meazeis (who) moved 
solely by the fervour of his charity, and looking to the health of his soul, 
gave, contributed, and actually paid over, and in pure and perpetual 
alms placed into the hands of a discreet man. Sir Dauid Waus, then 
collector for his brethren and successors, the chaplains of the choir of 
S. Nicholas of Abirdene, the sum of twenty pounds in gold, good weight, 
Scots money, and disposed of the same in form as follows : The curate 
and the other brethren of the choir shall be bound every year on the day 
of the death of the said Mr. Dauid, solemnly to celebrate one sung 
mass at the Altar of the blessed Virgin Mary of Piety with the placing 
of a table, candlesticks, and other things customary to be brought and 
honestly ministered, and shall fulfil a trenthal of masses throughout the 
week immediately following, as the manner is. For which the collector 
shall distribute to them thirteen shillings and fourpence, and after the 
end of the said mass, the collector shall bestow in charity to the poor, 
six shillings, and take eight shillings to himself for distributing these. 
Nor shall it be lawful for the collector, curate, or brethren to touch 
these same moneys or dispose of them for aught except for the purchase 
of one annual rent of twenty shillings, or for the construction of a public 
dwelling-place for their perpetual use. And for the stronger assertion 
of the truth, and observance of the foresaid condition, he craved that 
this public instrument should be attested by the common seal of the 
said chapter, and the signatures of the brethren. These things 
were done in the bed-chamber of the said founder, about four in the 
afternoon, in the year, day, month, indiction, and pontificate aforesaid, 
in the presence of discreet men : Alexander Nicholsoun, John Rattray, 
fames Litstar, laymen; Sirs William Philpsoun and David Loremar, 
notaries-public; with divers others called and asked to witness the 
aforesaid. 

Attested by John Nicholsoun, Master of Arts, presbyter of the 
diocese of Dunkeld, notary-public. 



DEED OF GIFT — DAME MARGARET CHALMER. I47 

XCI. 

Deed of Gift by Dame Margaret Chalmer} i8th January, 153J. 

In the Name of God, Amen. By this present public instrument be 
it evident to all, that in the year 1530, the i8th of January, the fourth 
indiction, the eighth year of the pontificate of the most holy father in 
Christ and lord, our lord Clement VII., by Divine providence Pope, in 
the presence of me, notary-public, and of the witnesses under-written, 
compeared personally a noble dame, Margaret Chalmer, lady of the 
lands of Findlater and Drum, moved solely by the fervour of her charity, 
and looking to her soul's health, and gave ... in pure alms 
. . • and paid into the hands of a discreet man. Sir William Couper, 
at that time collector, for himself and his brethren and successors, the 
chaplains of the choir of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, the sum of twenty 
pounds, Scots, in gold and silver money, to be disposed of in the manner 
following, that is : That the curate and the other brethren of the choir 
shall be bound each year, on the day of the decease of the said Margaret 
solemnly to celebrate, and honestly to minister at the Altar of S. 
Katherine within the said Church of S. Nicholas, one sung mass, with 
the placing of a table and candles, and other things usually laid out, 
and throughout the week immediately following, to complete the masses 
of a week's trenthal, as use is, for the soul of the said Margaret and her 
intentions whatsoever. For which the collector shall annually distribute 
thirteen shillings and fourpence. And after the end of the mass afore- 
said, the collector shall distribute in charity to the poor six shillings, 
and take eightpence for his trouble. Nor shall it be lawful for the said 
collector, curate, and chaplains, the brethren of the said choir, to touch 
these moneys, or dispone them by any bargain whatever, except for the 
purchase of an annual rent of twenty shillings, or for the building of a 
public dwelling-place for their own perpetual use. And for the greater 
truth, assertion, and observance of the foresaid condition, the foundress 
craves that this present public instrument be strengthened by the 

> Margaret Chalmer of Findlater and Dmm, a benefactress also of the Greyfriars. (See 
Obctnaiy of the Grey Friars Convent of Aberdeen (Miuel, Spalding Club, vol. L) nnder date 
19th May.) She died in 1532. 



148 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

common seal of the said chapter, and the signatures of the brethren of 
the same. These things were done in the Church^ of S. Nicholas, in 
the chapel of S. Peter the Apostle, about nine a.m., in the year, day, 
month, indiction, and pontificate aforesaid, in the presence of the 
following discreet men: Mr. Thomas Chalmer, vicar of Mygwe; Sirs 
Dauid Waus, Thomas Bynne, William Philpsoun, and Andrew Waus, 
chaplains ; with divers others, called and invited for the purpose. 

Attested by John Nicholsoun, Master of Arts, presbyter of the 
diocese of Dunkeld, notary-public; Thomas Chawmer, curate 
of Abirdene; Sir Dauid Waus; Sir John Fyff; Sir John 
Wauss; Sir Richard Andersoun; Sir William (son of) 
Philipp; Sir John Cuming; Sir Dauid Lorimar; Sir John 
Goldsmytht; John Bissat, Master of the School; Sir 
William Couper. 



XCII. 

Charter by David Anderson,^ endowing the Curate and Chaplains of the 

Choir. 2yth May, 1536. {Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter Dauid Andersone, burgess 
of the burgh of Abirdene, dwelling in the Gallowgate of the said burgh, 
(wisheth) eternal health in the Lord. Whereas . . . Know, there- 
fore, that I, in honour of Almighty God, of His immaculate Mother, 
Mary, and of all the saints of the heavenly court ; for my own soul, and 
the soul of Katherine Hay, my wife, our children, parents, and bene- 
factors, and all those from whom with too scant justice we received any 
benefits, and all the faithful dead, have given ... to discreet men, 
the curate and chaplains of the choir and' Parish Church of S. Nicholas 
of Abirdene, and their successors, the chaplains of the said choir, all 
and whole that annual rent of mine of twenty-eight shillings, Scots, 
. • • payable from that tenement of John Crag lying within the said 

^ Timplum for church, divu$ for saint 

* Burgess of the burgh of Abirdene, formerly tndweller in the Gallowgate, who died 
20th August, 1536. {Note in Ckartulary [translated] .) See infra^ Appendix L, No. 30. 

* Observe thi Chair and Parish Church, the College of the Choir being really an institution 
grafted on to the Parish Church. 



CHARTER OF DAVID ANDERSON. I49 

burgh, in the Upperkirkgate, on the north side of the said street, be- 
tween the land of John Arthour on the east, and the land of Thomas 
Crafurd on the west, the king's highway on the south, and the common 
vennel of the said burgh on the north ... to be held by the said 
curate and chaplains ... in pure and perpetual alms. . • . 
And on account of it the said curate and chaplains shall celebrate 
annually for ever one anniversary and office of the dead, namely, 
Placebo and Dirige on the Saturday immediately after the day of my 
decease, and a sung mass on the Lord's Day, immediately following 
with a trenthal of masses, as the custom is, at the Altar of the Saviour ^ 
throughout the week following, for the health of my soul and the souls 
aforesaid. Moreover, the collector of the said chaplains for the time 
being shall take and distribute the said annual rent as follows : To the 
crier with the hand-bell, for going round the said town for the purpose 
of moving the people to pray for the health of the said souls, ten pence ; 
to the sacrist, for tolling the bells of the said church thrice at the obse- 
quies on the Saturday aforesaid, and likewise on the Lord's Day 
immediately following, fourteen pence. Likewise the said collector for 
the time being shall place upon (my) monument a comely table, and 
cover it with a decent pall or carpet, and find wax lights in comely 
manner, as is fitting, for which he shall take two shillings to himself; 
and annually, on the day of the said obsequies, he shall lay aside four 
shillings for the more needy poor. And the remainder of the foresaid 
annual rent — namely, twenty-eight shillings — we shall distribute and pay 
into the hands of the said curate and chaplains on the day of the said 
obsequies. And all and each of these things shall be annually observed 
inviolably by the said* curate, chaplains, collector, and their successors, 
as they shall wish to answer before the Great Judge in the day of the 
last judgment. ... In testimony whereof my own seal, along 
with my sign-manual, as also the seal of an honourable man, Thomas 
Chawmer, one of the baillies of the said burgh, and giver of sasine 
of these presents, are appended, at Abirdene, 27th May, 1536, before 
these witnesses, men of thrift and honesty: John Hay, John Bra- 
baner, John Mair (senior), Alexander Andersone (my son), Thomas 
Meng2e, buigesses of Aberdene ; Sir John Vauss, chaplain ; Thomas 

1 Altare Salvatoris ; called elsewhere the Altar of Saint Salvaior. 



150 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Blair, aeigeant ; and Mn John Nicholaone, notaiy-public ; with many 

others. 

Copy certified by Mr. Thomas Zoong, notary-public; Mr. 
Thomas Chawmer, curate of Abirdene ; Sir Dauid Wauss, 
Sir John Fyff, Sir William Couper, Sir William (the son 
of Philip), Sir Dauid Lorimer, Sir Alexander Robertsone, 
Mr. William Meldrum, Sir AUexander Andersoun, Sir John 
Goldsmytht, Sir John Waus, Sir Andrew Wauss. 

[Page 69 is blank.] 



XCIII. 

Charter by Mr. Thomas Wauss^ endowing Altar of S. Martin, ^oth March, 

1480. (A bstract.) 

To all the faithful in Christ who shall see or hear this charter, Mr. 
Thomas Wauss, Precentor of Moray, and Canon of Abirdeen, wisheth 
eternal health in the Lord. Know that I, for the increase of the 
worship of God, and for the health of my soul, and the souls of John 
Wauss, my father, and Marjory Wauss, my mother, my brothers, 
sisters, kinsfolk, and all the faithful dead, have given ... to 
Almighty God, and His Mother the Blessed Viigin Mary, and all 
saints, and to the Altar of S. Martin, Confessor, and to the chaplain 
there celebrating and to celebrate there for ever, in the Parish Church 
of S. Nicholas, Confessor, of Aberdene, all and whole that land of mine 
lying in the said burgh of Aberdene, in the Castle Street, on the south 
side thereof, extending from the land of Symon Craufurd on the west to 
the land of the heirs of the late Robert, the son of John, on the east, the 
king's high way on the north, and extending on the south from the 
said land to another (the property) of the late Telman,^ goldsmith, which 
land, in its length and breadth, I have, by God's good providence, 
acquired by conquest • • • to be held of me in pure alms by the 
said altar and the chaplain thereof for the time being . . . the said 
chaplains performing the ecclesiastical service and making devout prayers 
at the said altar for the health of my soul, the souls of the aforesaid, and of 

^ Perhaps Kfl9man. 



MR. THOMAS WAUS— ALTAR OF S. MARTIN. I5I 

all the faithful dead. Also, I will and ordain, for myself and all in my name, 
that the said perpetual chaplain and his successors shall be bound to be 
present personally, in a decent and comely habit, at the Greater Hours 
on all Sundays and Double feasts, as the manner is of the said parish 
church, along with the other chaplains of the same. • • . Neverthe- 
less, I reserve to myself while I live the right of patronage of the said 
chaplaincy ; and after my decease I will and ordain that the patronage 
shall belong to John, my brother-german, and heirs male, whom failing, 
to Richard Wauss, the son of the late Henry Wauss, and his heirs male. 
Further, I will and ordain that if, through tempest of wind, fire, or 
otherwise, the said land shall become ruinous or defective, in tiles, or 
otherwise, it shall not be lawful for the said chaplain to receive any 
rent from the said land until it is sufficiently repaired ; and that it shall 
not be lawful for the said chaplain in any way to feu or let for an 
annual pension the said land to any persons or person more than one, 
except with the express consent of the bishop, dean, and chapter of 
Abirdeen called together for the purpose, nor except ior the augmenta- 
tion and benefit of himself then serving, or of the chaplains, his 
successors, serving in the same duty. Moreover, I will and ordain 
that if the patron, as aforesaid, shall have been negligent, or have 
acted fraudulently, or at least have made no presentation within the 
space of thirty days inclusive after the decease of the said chaplain, 
then it shall be lawful for the dean and canons of the chapter of 
Aberdeen for the time being in chapter assembled to present for that 
turn a fit chaplain, without prejudice to the aforesaid patron; the right of 
patronage nevertheless being reserved to the said lawful patrons after 
the presentation of the dean, or senior president, with the canons of 
Aberdeen. In testimony whereof my seal is appended to this present 
charter at Aberdene the 30th of March, 1480, and, for greater evidence, 
the seal of Thomas Prat, one of the baillies, before these witnesses — 
Mr. Alexander Wauss, Canon of Abirdeen ; Alexander Menzes, Dauid 
Menzes, and Andrew Brance, burgesses of Aberdene; Sir Robert 
Leyss, notary-public; and Philip Dumbrek, one of the sergeants of 
the said buiigh ; with divers others. 

Copy certified by Mn Dauid Nicholson, notary-public and common 
clerk of Aberdeen. 

[Page 70 is blank.] 



125 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

XCIV. 

Charter by William Cowpar^ endowing the Curate and Chaplaihs of 

the Choir* 4th August, 1538. (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Sir William Cowpar, 
chaplain, (wisheth) eternal health in the Lord. Forasmuch as through 
pious prayers, and especially through continual celebrations of masses, 
where the Son for our sins is offered to the Father, we believe that our 
sins are remitted, the pains of purgatory destroyed, and the souls of the 
dead very often liberated from them, and placed among the joys of 
paradise. Know that I, moved by the effect of pious devotion, in 
honour of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, the Father, the Son, and 
the Holy Ghost, of the most glorious Virgin Mary, and of all the saints 
of the heavenly court, for the health of my soul, and the souls of my 
father and mother, of Sir Andrew Coupar, my brother-german, of 
Margaret Chalmer, late Lady of Findlater, of Walter Cullane, and 
Elizabeth Prat, and of all those of whom with too scant justice I 
received any benefits, and of all the faithful dead, have given . . . 
in pure and perpetual alms, to venerable and discreet men, the curate 
and chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas, of 
Abirdene, and to their successors, all and whole my annual rents and 
lands underwritten, namely : One annual rent of seven shillings from 
the croft of Walter Howesone, called Helf-Hill, lying in the West Croft- 
lands of the said burgh, between the croft of Alexander Gray, Junior, 
on the north, and the croft of Gilbert Menzeis on the south and west, 
and the croft of the Carmelite Friars of the said burgh on the east. 
Item, one annual rent of thirty shillings from John Collison's croft, 
lying in the said West Croftlands, between the croft of the late John 
Mar on the east, the lands of Rubislaw on the west, the croft of the 
Carmelite Fathers of the said burgh on the south, and the king's high 
way on the north. Item, one annual rent of twelve shillings from the 
crofts of Andrew Murray, Junior, called Cawsay Croft,* lying in the 
North Croftlands of the said burgh, between the croft of the Friars 
Preachers of the said burgh on the south, the croft of the Altar of S. 
Mary Magdalene on the north, the king's high-way on the east, and 



^ The name is perpetuated in ** Causewayend 



ti 



CHARTER OF SIR WILLIAM COWPAR. 1 53 

the Cruikit M)ar on the west. Item^ one annual rent of six shillings 
from the land of the late Dauid Lame, lying on the east side of the 
Gallowgate of the said burgh, between the land of the late Andrew 
Bumat on the south, the land of George Barbour on the north, the 
king's high-way on the west, and the land of the late Dauid Arrot on 
the east. Itcmy one annual rent of fourteen shillings from a land lying 
in the Green of the said burgh, between the land of William Patersone, 
and the bums of the said burgh on the south, east, and west. Item^ 
one annual rent of six shillings and eightpence from the land of Thomas 
Campbell, lying in the said Green at the foot of S. Katherine's Hill, 
between the land of the late James Knollis on the south, and the land 
of the late Robert Kynnerty on the north, the garden of Alexander 
Forbes of Kyndrymme on the east, and the king's high-way on the 
west, Scots, and to be drawn annually at the two usual terms, namely 
Whitsunday and Martinmas. Item, one land lying on the east end of 
the Castle Street of the said burgh, between the land of the late 
Alexander Mathewsone on the west, the Robbers' Gate^ of the said burgh 
on the east, the land of the late Thomas Craufurd on the south, and 
the king's highway on the north. Itemy another land with its pertinents 
l>ing in the Green aforesaid, between the lands of the said chaplains 
on the north, and the land of the late William Gregory on the south, 
the bum of the said burgh on the east, and the king's high-way on the 
west ... To be held by the said curate and chaplains and their 
successors, the chaplains of the said choir, of me and my heirs for ever 
. . . On which account, the said curate and chaplains, and their 
successors, the chaplains of the said choir, shall celebrate at a fitting 
time, daily and forever, one mass called the Third Mass, at the Altar 
of SS. Thomas and GecM-ge, Apostle and Martyr, within the said Parish 
Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, for the health of my soul, and of 
all the souls aforesaid, as they shall wish to answer before the Most 
High Judge, in the last day of judgment, when they shall render an 
account of their deeds ; also paying annually from the said land lying 
at the Robbers' Gate, to the perpetual chaplain of the Altar of SS. 

^ Porta Latronum (the Robbers' Gate), is the Justice Port, on which the heads or 
limbs of malefactors, who had been executed on the Heading HiU a little to the east of it, 
were affixed. Here were exposed at a later date, the head of Sir John Gordon, executed 
after the Battle of Corichie, and an arm of the great Marquess of Montrose. 

U 



IS4 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Thomas and George, Apostle and Martyr, an annual rent of thirteen 
shillings and four pence ; and to the perpetual chaplain of the Holy 
Cross on the screen ^ an annual rent of four shillings, Scots . . . 
In testimony whereof my own seal and sign manual, as also the signs 
manual of the greater part of the said chaplains in token of perpetual 
observance and fulfilment of the aforesaid, are appended at Abirdene, 
4th August, 1538, before witness, men of honour and prudence — 
Thomas Menzeis, Provost of Abirdene ; Andrew Menzeis, Dauid 
Andersone, Alexander Ruyerfurd, three of the baillies of the said 
burgh ; and Mr. John Nicholsone, notary public. 

Moreover, I, the said Sir William Cowpar, have infeft the above- 
mentioned curate and chaplains, and their successors, in other three 
pounds eight shillings, Scots, of annual rent of the under-mentioned 
croft of John Collisone in augmentation of the above-mentioned founda- 
tion and my intention, which sum, along with the whole sum above- 
mentioned of annual rents and rents of the lands above-mentioned, I 
will and ordain to be distributed by their collector for the time being, 
yearly and for ever, in manner following, viz. : — to the said curate and 
chaplains and their successors for the mass above-mentioned, to be 
celebrated annually as aforesaid, thirteen merks six shillings and eight- 
pence. Item, to the said curate and chaplains and their successors, 
for an anniversary at the above-mentioned altar, to be celebrated yearly 
and for ever on the Day of S. George the Martyr (23rd April), for the 
health of my soul and the souls of all the foresaid, namely, Placebo 
and Dirige, on the Eve of S. George, with a sung mass on the Day 
and a trenthal throughout the week immediately following, with 
tolling of bells, and the placing of a table on my monument and 
the other requisites for an anniversary in comely fashion, as is custom- 
ary, twenty shillings of the said money. Item, to the more needy poor, 

^In solio. Among the meanings given by Migne, are (i) umbraeulumt tentorium, 
(2) limen^ (3) ambo. If we take (i) the Cross referred to might be a cross outside the Church, 
with a covered pulpit (Scottice tait, as in *' Tent-preachings**) beside it; PauPs Cross in 
London was of this sort. But I prefer (3), and, with Kennedy, who calls this the Rude 
(Rood) Altar {Annals of Aberdeen^ ii. p. 88), understand the rood or cross on the screen at the 
entrance to the choir. See also Professor Norman Macpherson^s "Account of King's College 
Chapel, Aberdeen," p. 13. There was another Altar of the Holy Cross, called the Brown 
Cross Altar, on the north side of the west end of the Church. (See IX.) 



CHARTER OF DAVID WAUS. 1 55 

on the day of the said anniversaty, twenty shillings of the said money, 
viz. : — half of the said sum in pieces of bread, and half in money, 
namely, placks and pennies. The remainder of the sum of all the 
annual-rents and rents of the foresaid lands, I will and ordain to be 
devoted and applied to the repairing and maintaining of the lands 
above-mentioned, when they shall happen to need it or decay, at the 
hands of the said curate and chaplains and their collector, as they 
would wish to answer to God in the day of the last judgment. 

This is a true copy of the principal charter of foundation of Sir 
William Cowpar, chaplain, with the augmentation of the 
same Sir William, collated by me, Mr. John Nicholsoun, 
notary-public, etc. 
So it is, John Nicholsoun, notary-public, attest this with mine 
own hand. 

XCV. 
Charter of Sir David Waus. December ^ 1539- (^4 bstracL) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter. Sir Dauid Wauss, per- 
petual chaplain of the Altar of S. Martin, within the said Church of S. 
Nicholas of Aberdene, founded by the late Mr. Thomas Vauss, of good 
memory, sometime Precentor of Moray, and Canon of Aberdeen, (wisheth) 
eternal health in the Lord. Know that I, with the express consent and 
assent of a reverend father in Christ and lord, the lord William, by the 
mercy of God, Bishop of Aberdeen, the dean and chapter of the same, 
called for the purpose and in chapter assembled, all interested having 
been previously cited by a public edict affixed to the doors of the 
chapter-house for a due interval of time, as the custom is, the benefit 
and advantage of my chaplaincy having been foreseen and looked at all 
round, and for the augmentation of the rental of the same, have given 
. . . and let in feu, annual pension, or emphytiosis ... to a 
prudent man, John Waus, son and heir of the late Richard Waus, 
sometime burgess of Aberdene, his heirs and assignees, all and whole 
that land, belonging (incumbentem) and pertaining to my chaplaincy, 
lying within the said burgh of Aberdene in the Castle Street, on the 
south side thereof, between the land of Andrew Cullane on the west, 
and the land of William Holland, senior, on the east, the king's high- 



IS6 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

way on the north, and the land of the foresaid William RoUand, senior, 
on the south. To be held of me and my successors in the chaplaincy 
in perpetual feu by the said John Waus, his heirs and assignees, with- 
out, however, being let by them, but passing as one whole to (each) 
successor • . . the said John, his heirs and assignees, paying 
thence yearly to me or my successors, the chaplains of the said altar, 
one annual rent of forty shillings, Scots ; and, in augmentation of the 
rental of my chaplaincy, the sum of twenty shillings of the said money 
— extending, in all, to three pounds, Scots, . . . and also maintain- 
ing and repairing the said land or tenement in walls, roof, and all other 
necessaries, as it has been maintained and repaired. . . . And if 
the said John, his heirs or assignees, fail in payment of the foresaid 
three pounds ... or in the keeping up of the said tenement, or by 
alienating it without my consent or the consent of my successors, the 
chaplains of the said chaplaincy, the said tenement shall ipso facto revert 
to us, and we shall have free power to dispose of the same. ... In 
testimony whereof my own seal and the seal of the foresaid reverend 
father in Christ, as also the common seal of the said dean and chapter 
of Aberdeen, and their sign-manual, are appended, at Aberdene, the 
day of December, 1539, before these witnesses.^ 

XCVI. 

Charter of Henry de Leytht of Bantis, 14/A May, 1441. {Abstract.) 

To all and sundry to whose knowledge these presents shall come 
Henry de Leytht of Bamis^ (wisheth) salvation in the Saviour of all. 
Know that I have given . . . to a discreet man. Sir William de Camera, 
presbyter, licentiate in arts, a chaplaincy of twelve merks, Scots, of annual 
* rents, as they are attested more fully in the charter drawn up concerning 
them, to celebrate Divine service at the Altar of SS. Lawrence and 
Ninian in the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene before the 
image of the Blessed Virgin Mary situated there, for the health of my 
soul and the soul of William de Cadiou, late burgess of Abirdene. 
• • . Moreover, for myself and my heirs, I grant to the said Sir 

^ No witnesses are given. 

* Henry Leith of Barns. This altar had been founded in 1355 by William de Leith, 
who adorned it with images of SS. Lawrence and Ninian (see p. 14) : no mention* however, 
s made there of an image of S. Mary. There were many such in the church. 



FOUNDATION OF HENRY DE LEITH OF BARNS. 157 

William free power to substitute a fit chaplain, to do his duty in the 
said chaplaincy as often as he shall have need thereof or it be expedient. 
In testimony whereof my seal is appended to these presents, at Abir- 
dene, 14th May, 1441. 

XCVIL 

Charter of the Foundation of Henry Leytht of Barnis. 14/A May, 1441. 

{A bstract,) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Henry Leytht of Bamis 
(wisheth) health in the Lord. Know that I have given . . . one 
annual rent of two merks, payable from the Galcroft ^ lying on the north 
side of the Castle-hill of Abirdene, between Thomas Kynidy's croft 
called ** Phyl ye cop " on the south, and a certain croft of the Friars 
Preachers on the north ; and one annual rent of ten merks, annual rents 
payable from certain burgage lands lying within the said burgh of Abir- 
den as attested more fully in the charter drawn up concerning them, in 
pure and perpetual alms to God, the Blessed Mary, and all saints, and 
to one chaplain, who before the image of the Blessed Virgin Mary at 
the Altar of SS. Lawrence and Ninian within the Church of S. Nicholas 
of Abirdene, shall celebrate Divine service for ever for the health of my 
soul, and the soul of William de Cadiou, late burgess of the said burgh, 
to be held by the said chaplain and his successors . . . with power 
of distraining by himself or his procurator, the tenants or occupiers of 
the said lands and the cultivators of the ^aid crofts, as often as need be, 
and if it happen that the said annual rent of two merks in whole or in 
part, cannot be got from the said croft ... I will and grant . . • 
that the said annual rent of two merks be levied >^hole from whatever 
crofts or annual rents of crofts in the burgh pertain or may pertain to 
me or my heirs . • • In faith and testimony of all which my seal 
is appended to this charter, and for greater evidence I have procured the 
common seal of the said burgh to be appended at Abirdene 14th May, 
144 1, before these witnesses, John Fyflf, then Provost ; Alexander de 
Camera, Gilbert Menzes, John Wauss, Walter de Dumbrek, and Robert 

> Crofts on the Castlchill (i) Galcroft ; (2) Fill the Cup ; (3) a Croft belonging to the 
Black Friars. At this time there was no castU on the hill ; but these crofts were perhaps on 
the slope to the north where Park Street now stands. 



158 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

de Camera, along with William Akinsoun, fellow-burgesses of the said 
burgh, with many others, eta 
Pray for the founder. 
This is a true copy of the principal charter of the foundation, 
collated and inspected by me, notary-public. So it is. John 
Kennedy, notary-public^ with mine own hand. 

XCVIII. 

Charter of Henry LeyihL 4th May, 1440. (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Henry de Lejrtht, Laird 
of Bamis (wisheth) eternal health in the Lord. Know that I, for the 
health of my soul and the soul of Marjory Stewart t, my wife, and the 
souls of our ancestors, parents, and successors^ and of all the faithful, 
living and dead, have given ... in pure and perpetual alms to 
God, and the Blessed Virgin Mary who bore Him, and to all saints, 
and to one chaplain celebrating and to celebrate for ever Divine service 
in the Parish Church of Abirdene, at the Altar of SS. Lawrence and 
Ninian before the image of S. Mary, for the souls' health of all the 
aforesaid, one annual rent of ten merks, Scots, to be drawn annually, 
thus : From the land of Thomas Craufurd lying in the Castle Street, 
on the south side thereof between the land of Alexander Com on the 
east, and the land of William de Mar on the west, twenty shillings. 
And from the land of Robert Wallaus in the same street, on the south 
side thereof, between the land of John Scroggis on the east, and the 
land of Andrew Ancroft on the west, twenty shillings. And from the 
land of Alexander Ruycrfurd in the same street, on the south side 
between the land of Andrew Ancroft on the east, and the land of Gilbert 
Menzes on the west, twenty shillings. And from the land of Thomas, 
the son of Stephen, lying in the Gallowgate on the east side thereof, 
between the land of Thomas RouU on the north, and my own land, 
which the late Thomas Tumour dwelt in, on the south, twenty shillings. 
And from the land of the said Thomas Roull lying in the same street on 
the east side thereof, between the land of the said Thomas Roull, which 
he dwells in, on the north, and the land of the said Thomas, the son of 
Stephen, on the south, twenty shillings. And from the land of Symon 
Blak lying in the Gaistraw on the west side of the said street, between 



CHARTER OF HENRY DE LEITH. 1 59 

the land of the late Dauid Blak on the south, and the land of John Reid 
on the north, twenty shillings. And from the bothis (booths) of Stephen, 
the son of John in the Gallowgate, and the Buthraw^ on the west side 
thereof, between the land of Angus Adamsoun on the north, and the 
land of the said Stephen, the son of John, on the south, thirteen shillings 
and four pence. The foresaid annual rent of ten merks to be held and 
drawn from the said lands by the said chaplain and his successors for ever 
■ . . I will also and ordain that in the event of the said perpetual 
chaplain for the time being obtaining promotion to another benefice, it 
shall be lawful for me and my heirs, male, to present another fit chap- 
lain to the said chaplaincy. And if by demission or death of the 
perpetual chaplain for the time being to the chaplaincy so vacant 
through the negligence of me or of my heirs male, another fit chaplain 
has not been presented within forty days, I will and grant that for that 
time the Provost and community of Abirdene shall have power to 
dispone the said chaplaincy* Moreover, if it happen (which God forbid I) 
that there are no heirs male of my body, I will and grant that the 
right of presenting to this chaplaincy shall devolve on the Provost and 
community of the said burgh for ever. Moreover, I will and decree for 
myself and my heirs that the said chaplain of the said chaplaincy shall 
be present at the canonical hours usually observed in the said church 
... In testimony whereof my seal is appended to these presents, 
along with the seals of a reverend father in Christ and lord, the lord 
Henry* Bishop of Abirdeen, and of the community of the burgh of 
Abirdene. Witnesses, the foresaid reverend father in Christ and lord, 
the lord Henry, by the grace of God, Bishop of Abirdeen ; Sir Alex- 
ander Forbes, knight. Lord of that ilk ; John Scroggis, then Provost of 
the said burgh of Abirdeen ; Thomas de Camera, John Wauss, Gilbert 



^ The Bathraw, see page 52 (note), seems to have been that known tiU its demolition 
in 1869 as the Huxter Row. There were many Rows in Aberdeen : the Ship-row, the 
Goest'TOw, the Booth-row, the New-row. Compare in Edinburgh the Potter-row, and 
in Elgin the Shuttle-row. An old name of Huntly was ** The Rows of Strathbogie ". 

'Henry Lichton, Bishop of Aberdeen, 1422-1440. He had been previously Bishop of 
Moray. He was the builder of the greater part now standing of the Cathedral of Aberdeen. 
The nave, south aisle, the south porch, and the west porch — all the old parts that are of 
granite— are his work. His epitaph may still be read on his tomb in the north transept 
of the Cathedral. 



l6o CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Menzes, Stepheiii the son of John, Thomas Blindschell, burgesses of the 
said burgh; Alexander de Camera, Matthew Pichat, then baillies; 
William Aikinsoun, Malcolm Sissour, then beadles, with many others. 
In the year of our Lord, 1440, the 4th day of May. 

This is a true copy of the principal charter of the foundation 
collated b^ me, the undersigned notary-public. 

So it is, John Kennedy, notaiy-public, with mine own hand. 



XCIX. 

The Charier of Nicholas Baxstar. 2nd Aprils 1527. (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Nicholaius Baxstar, 
burgess of Abirdene (wisheth) eternal health in the Lord. Know that 
I, wishing to anticipate by works of mercy that day of last judgment 
(which to those who have done good works in this life shall be full of 
joy, but full of anxiety and sadness ever-during to those who do the 
opposite), so that the things which we have sown on earth we may. be 
able to reap with multiplied fruit in heaven, have, therefore, in honour of 
Almighty God, of His undefiled Mother, Mary, and of all the citizens 
of heaven, for the health of my own soul, and the souls of Agnes 
Howeson, my wife, of our children, parents, and benefactors, and of 
all from ^hom we have received with too little justice any good things, 
and for the souls of all the faithful, given ... to discreet and 
prudent men, the curate and chaplains of the choir of the Parish 
Church of S. Nicholas oi Abirdene, and their successors for ever, All 
and whole that land of mine lying within the said burgh, in the 
Gallowgate on the west side thereof, between the land of the heirs 
of the late John Murray on the south, and the land of Thomas Blak 
on the north, and the king*s high ways on the east and west To be 
held ... by the said curate and chaplains . . ^ of me and 
my successors, from our Sovereign lord the King in feu and perpetual 
heirship ... on which account the said curate and chaplains 
and their successors shall celebrate for ever for my soul and the soul 
of the said Agnes Howesone, my wife, every week on Mondays one 
Mass of the Pive Wounds, by one of the said chaplains as the custom 
is, at the Altar of the Holy Cross, situated in the nave of the said 



COMMON RENTAL OF THE CHAPLAINS. l6l 

church, commonly called ** The Browne Croce/' and also annually on 
the day of my death the office of the dead with Placebo and Dirige, 
a sung mass, and trenthal throughout the week following as the custom 
is, for ever, for the health of my soul and the souls aforesaid. More- 
over, the collector of the said chaplains for the time being shall cause 
the crier with the hand-bell to go round the whole town in the day of 
the offices so as to incite the people to prayer for the health of the 
foresaid souls, he shall place a table upon my monument, and cover 
the same with a comely pall or covering, shall find wax lights, and 
finally shall cause the sacristan to toll the bells of the said church 
three times, alike for the office and for the mass, at the expense 
of the said chaplains, as they shall wish to answer before the Great 
Judge ; which service failing (which God forbid !) the heirs of the 
foresaid Nicholaius shall have free regress to the said land. Reserving, 
nevertheless, to the said Nicholaius, free tenement and use of the same 
all the days of his life, and immediately after his death (the beneficiary), 
intromitting with the fruits and profits of the said land, and also begin- 
ning the service and so continuing for ever. ... In testimony 
whereof my own seal, with the seal of an honourable man, William 
RoUand, one of the baillies of the said burgh, and giver of sasine of 
the aforesaid, are appended at Abirdene, 2nd April, 1527, before wit- 
nesses, prudent men — Dauid Lame, Andrew Craufurd, junior, Andrew 
Durty, Alexander Hay, Dauid Murray, burgesses of Abirdene ; Dauid 
Heroun, sergeant; and Mr. John Nicholsone, notary-public, with 
divers others, called and summoned for the purpose. 

C. 

Common Rental of the Chaplains of the Church of 5. Nicholas of Abirdene^ 
of the Annual rents in which they are infeft^ so that being given in order 
it may be seen more clearly} {Translation.) 

[PoMesBors of the underwritten lands in the year X5S7.] 

Imprimis, for the late Sir John Kingorin, late vicar of Abirdene, 
from the croft of the late Robert Prat, near the Justice Mill, xs. 

[Now in the hands of Alexander Howesone, senior.] 

' The entries in smaller type, within brackets, are written in the margin of the Chartulary. 

X 



l62 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

liem, for the same, from the land of Gilbert Littstar in the Green, 
nijs. nija. 

[In the hands of Walter Lowson, Andrew Dun, and John Clark.] 

lUm^ for the same, from the land of the late James Kennedy, now 
Robert Kennedy's, in the same street, xxi. 

[In the handa of John Fraaer, latonn.] 

The sum of this, xvis. 

Item, for Sir Robert Patosoun, chaplain, from the land of the late 
Sir Thomas Hemey, now infeft to the Minister of Holy Trinity * and 
his successors, by us, the chaplains of the choir of S. Nicholas of 
Abirdene. It lies in the Shiprow, near the Place* of the Holy 
Trinity, xxs. 

[Prom the large garden of Mr. Robert Chamer.] 

Item, for the same, from the croft of the late Alexander Mar, now 
John Mar's; near the Crapstain, xs. vji. 

Item, for the same, from the croft of Robert Culane, now John 
Culane's, vji. 

[Walter Cullane's.] 

The sum of this, xxxiiijs. 

Item, for James Blinscheil, from the land of John Malisoun, now 
Alexander Gray's, indwellers in the Netherkirkgate : in all from this 
land, vjs. 

[Arthur Pantoan's.] 



^ The Minttter of Holy Trinity was the collector of the Convent of that name, the 
Trinitarians or Red Priars. The Order, instituted in 1200, had specially in view the redemption 
of Christian captives taken by the Infidel. The Aberdeen house was founded in xaiz by 
William the Lion, who gave them his palace and garden. In 1633, Dr. William Guild, the 
then owner, bestowed the property on the Incorporated Trades. The church of the convent 
seems to have remained entire till 1794, when it was demolished to make room for the 
unsightly building which still remains, degraded into a low music hall. (See Kennedy, Annals, 
ii. 66.) 

* The Placi of the Holy Trinity — ^their Convent. The word PUicf seems to have been 
almost the technical name in Scotland for a friary. See above, p. 141 (note), and compare 
the entry in the Obituary of the Grey friars of Aberdeen, under date 27th August. 



COMMON RENTAL OF THE CHAPLAINS. 163 

lUm^ for the same, from the land of Nicholaius Baxstar, in the 
same Netherkirkgate, xs. 

[Mr. Andrew Auchmleck's.]^ 

The sum of this, xvjs. 

Item, from the land formerly John Gillespy's, for John Gillespy, in 
the Gallowgate, now pertaining to the heirs of Andrew Barker, xs. 

The sum of this, xs. 

lienif for William Rattre, from the land of the said late William 
Rattre in the Castle Street, on the north side thereof, xiijs. iiiji. 

[In the hands of John Dauidson and Andrew Aedy.] 

Item, for the same, from the land of the late Thomas Og, outside 
the gate of the said (Castle) Street, now belonging to John Murray, 
junior, infeft therein by us, the chaplains of the choir, vjs. xrf. 

[Let to the heirs of William Ranaison for xs.] 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, for Matthew Fichat, from the north land of the late John 
Knollis, l3dng in the Gaistraw, on the west side thereof, xxs. 

[Andrew Jak's.] 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, for Walter Thomsoun, from the land of the late John Huyt- 
zonsoun in the Hukstarraw, now William Holland's in Castle Street, xs. 

[In the hands of Thomas Dewy.] 

The sum of this, xs. 

Item, for Walter Achneiff, junior, from the land of the said Walter 
lying in the Nethergate of the Church of S. Nicholas, between the 
lands of Andrew Low and Andrew Meldrum, xxs. 

[Dauid Ferguson's.] 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, the Provost's, inhabited by Walter Blair, vs. 

[Andrew Mengzes'.] 



' The title Mk implies a clergyman. There was a Mr. Andrew Auchinleck, who in 1567 
had charge of three Forfarshire parishes, Barry, Murroes, and Monifieth ; as the number of 
Reformed ministers increased, he settled at Monifieth, where he died, nth February, 1599, aged 
S5. (Scot's Fasti, vi. p. 723.) The identification seems probable, and would fix the approxi- 
mate date of those entries. 



164 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Item, for John Hutzonsoun, from the land of the late Alexander 
Malthesoun, now belonging to the vicar of Netg, Sir Andrew Scherar, 
tutor of the son of the said Alexander, lying in the Gallowgate, on the 
west side thereof, xiijs. iiiji. 

The sum of this, xiijs. iiiji. 

Item, for Duncan Clet and Helen his spouse, from the land formerly 
the said Duncan's, now belonging to Sir John Rudirfurd, knight, lying 
in the Uppergate of the Church of S. Nicholas, xiijs. iiiji. 

[Patrick Lokhart's.] 

Although the aforesaid land owes xxs. according to the tenor of the 
original foundation. 

Item, for Thomas Blinscheil, from the land of the late William 
Scrimzour, now Robert Smytht's, in the upper street of the Castle, 
lying at the head of the street in the Heidraw, on the east side thereof, 
xiijs. nijd. 

[OUbert Blak's.] 

The sum of this, xiijs. iiijil. 

Item, for Sir William Leitht, from the land of the late Patrick 
Lesley, senior, which his wife lives in, in the Netherkirkgate, on the 
south side thereof, xvjs. 

[James Lesly*^.] 

The sum of this, xvjs. 

Item, for John Stewensoud and wife, from the land of the late John 
Litstar, chaplain, lying in the Netherkirkgate, xxs. 

[Patrick Gray, aenior's.] 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, for Gilbert Menzes, Andrew Menzes, and Alexander Menzes, 
from the croft of the late Andrew Murray, now belonging to the heirs 
of Dauid Murray, which croft formerly belonged to the said Alexander 
Menzes, xxs. and (this at Whitsunday). 

[Now in the hands of Alexander Radirfurd.] 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, from the croft of the late Richard Kintor, now belonging to 
the heirs of Alexander Myrtoun, for Thomas Crafurd and his wife, 
xiijs. luja. 



COMMON RENTAL OF THE CHAPLAINS. 16$ 

The sum of this, xiijs. iiiji. 

Item, for Robert Blinschiel for a Sunday mass, from the land of 
the late Henry Losin, now Thomas Angussoun's, the salmon-fisher, 
in the Shiprow, xs. viiji. 

[Now in the hands of Thomas Ph . . .] 

Item, from the land now almost waste set by the chaplains to John 
Middiltoun, lying in the same street (the Shiprow). But it failed to 
pay, and is now recovered after three processes at law, xs. 

[In the hands of the heirs of Thomas Fynne.] 

The sum of this, xxs. viiji., and nothing paid except only xs. viijd. 
Item, for the obit of the said Robert, from the land of Petmoks- 
toun, xxvjs. viiji. 

[Mr. Gilbert Bissett*s.] 

Item, for the late Alexander Menzeis, from the workshops or 
booths formerly William Blinscheil's, now Gilbert Menzes', opposite 
the smiths' workshops, on the west side of the street, xiijs. iiiji. 

{Vmam Jak*s.] 

The sum of this, xls., and out of it for the poor and for expeiises^ 
xxs., and the other twenty shillings (to be distributed) among the 
chaplains. 

Item, for Mr. Thomas Murisoun, late vicar of Premet,^ from James 
CoUisoun's land which he lives in, in the Netherkirkgate, xxs. 

[Alexander Rutherfurd*8.] 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, from the land of the late James Andirsoun, now belonging 
to the wife of John Murray, senior, indweller in Castle Street, lying in 
The Fuyl Gutter in the Castle Street, for Mr. Symon Doddis, xxijs. 

Qohn Melvin's.] 

The sum of this, xxijs. 

Item, for Sir Dauid Waus, from the land of the late John Menzes, 
now Thomas Brechin's, lying in the Shiprow, xxs. 

[Robert Watson's.] 

The sum of this, xxs. 

1 Premet (? Premnay). 



1 66 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Itenit for William Cantely , from the land formerly the said William's, 
now Alexander TulidefFs in the Gallowgate, on the east side thereof, 
xujs. nija. * 

Item, for the same from our new land from its original foundation, 
X11J5. nija. 

The sum of this, xxvs. iiiji. 

Itemy for John Knollis and wife, from the land of the late Duncan 
Tailzeour, now belonging to John the son of Arthur, in the Gallowgate, 
xvjs. viijrf. 

Item, for the same, from the land of the late John Londoris, now 
Andrew Tailzour's, iijs. iiijd. 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, for Margaret Waus, and John Menzes, her husband, from 
the land of Gilbert Menzes, lying in the Castle Street, on the south 

side thereof, xxs. 

* 

[Now belonging to Gilbert Menzes of Petfodellis.] 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, for Andrew Branche, from the land of the late William 
Meirnis in the Netherkirkgate, now waste, vis. viiji. 

Item, for the same, from the land of Matthew Branch in the 
Shiprow, iijs. iiijr/. 

The sum of this, xs. ; and of this is waste, vjs. viiji. 

Item, for John Durward, from the land of the heirs of John 
Kintor, inhabited by the wife of Dauid Mar, senior, in the Upperkirk- 
gate, vs. 

[Now belonging to the heirs of Gavin Vischert.] 

Item, for John Stuwart and wife, from the land formerly belonging 
to the said John, now Duncan Portar's in the Gallowgate, on the east 
side thereof, xvijs. iiiji. 

The sum for this, xvijs. iiiji. 

Item, for Sir Alexander Vocat,^ and Agnes Fichat, wife of the late 
Dauid Collisoun, from the land of the late James CoUisoun, formerly 

^Sir Alexander Vocat was a priest; Agnes Fichat was probably his sister. The 
widely different forms of the same name set, side by side, afford an instance of the wide 
** liberty of spelling *' which our forefathers allowed them£elves. 



COMMON RENTAL OF THE CHAPLAINS. 167 

belonging to Dauid, the son of Robert^ in the Gallowgate, on the west 
side thereof, iiis. iiiji. 

[21st Martfh, 1593. Produced in mode of probation, by Robert . . .] 

Item, for the same persons, from the land of Walter Thomsone, now 
Jonnak Thomsoun's, lying on the same side of the same street, vs. 

lUm, for the same persons, from the land of the late Andrew Anfra, 
lying on the east side of the same street, xijd. 

Item, from the land of John Collisoun, in the same street, lying on 
the west side thereof, next Agnes Buchan's land, xxd. 

Item, from the land of Thomas Tailzour, now William Lione's in 
Futhy, inhabited by John Cromy, ixs. 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, for William Adamsoun and wife, from the land of the late 
Richard Kintor, now belonging to Robert Moises, and inhabited by 
him, xxs. 

[Walter Low8on*8.] 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, for Margaret Blabir, wife of the late John Blak, from the land 
of the late Andrew, the son of Henry, now belonging to the heirs of 
Andrew Bumat, near Damatti's gawille,^ xiijs. iiijd. 

The sum of this, xiijs. iiiji. 

Item, for Sir Andrew, the son of Henry, from the same land, xiijs. iiijd. 

The sum of this, xiijs. iiij^. 

Item, for William Futhes for a Mass of the Five Wounds * every 
Monday, from the land of the late William Nicolsoun, now his heirs', 
in the Castle Street, on the north side thereof, xxs. 

[Now belonging to Dauid Mar, junior.] 

And from the land of the late Mr. Alexander Bissat, now belonging 
to the chaplains of the choir, set by the chaplains to John Collisoun, 
junior, vjs. vjd. 

To the chaplains of the choir and the chaplains of S. Eloy, vs. vii. 

In all from that land, xijs. 

The sum (due) to us, xxs., vjs. vji. 



^ Darnatt's gable. 

' MasB of the Five Wounds. See Appendix IV. 



I68 CHARTULARV OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Item, for John Torrelatht,^ from the land of the late Mariorie 
Monk, outside the north gate of the Castle Street, xiijs. iiij</. 

[Now belonging to Edward DonaldaoQ and MaooUnna Car.] 

And from the land of John Saddelar at the bridge of the Nether- 
kirkgate, xjs. 

[Now belonging to the hetra of Thomaa Nicolaon.] 

The sum of this, xxiiijs. iiiji. 

Item, for Philip Dunbrek and Elizabeth Dacker, from the land of 
the late Lawrence, the son of Thomas, now Simon Flescher's, set to 
him by us the chaplains, in the Netherkirkgate, on the south side 
thereof, xs. 

The sum of this, xs. 

Itetn, for Lindesay Harrat, from the land of the late Dauid Pinny, 
inhabited by his wife, in the Castle Street, iijs. 

The sum of this, iijs. 

Item, for Thomas Midding, from the land formerly the said Thomas's, 
now Adam Bobstar*s, set by us, in the street (called) the Scuylhile, xijs. 

[SUl.] 

The sum of this, xijs. 

Item, for Sir William Elphinstoun, parson of Clat, from the land 
formerly Andrew Atkin's, now Mr. Thomas Chawmer*s, set to him by 
us, in the Shiprow, xxs. 

[Now belonging to the heirs of Gilbert Cryle.] 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, for John Vormet and wife, from the croft formerly the said 
John's, lying in Puthe, set by us to Dauid Andirsoun, xxs. 

[Robert CuUan*8.] 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, for Sir Andrew Gray and Helen Gawitt, his mother, for a 
Mass of the Name of Jhesus* every Priday at S. Michael's Altar, from the 
croft of John Collisoun, called *• The Loch Croft," xxs. 

The sum of this, xxs. 

^ Some of the names are very curious : Torrelatht, Monk, Harrat, Midding, and the 
Christian name Macolinus — perhaps for Malcolm. 
* Mass of the Name of Jesus. See Appendix IV. 



COMMON RENTAL OF TH^I CHAPLAINS. 169 

ligtHf for Sir John Stirling, for a Mass of the Commemoration of 
the Holy Spirit ^ every Tuesday at the Altar of S. John the Evangelist, 
from the croft of the late William Anfray, xs. 

Item, for the same, from all and sundry the lands and roods of 
Robert Andirsoun, junior, burgess of Inruuery, lying within the burgh of 
Inruuery, xjs. 

The sum of this, xxjs. 

Item, for the same Sir John for a Mass of the Commemoration of 
the Holy Trinity * at the Altar of S. John the Evangelist from the land 
of the late Duncan Tailzour, now belonging to John, the son of Arthur, 
over-against the Convent of the Friars Minor, xxs. 

The sum of thiSj^ xxs. 

Item, for Duncan Reid, for a Mass of the Commemoration of the 
Body of Christ every Thursday • at the High Altar, from the land of the 
late Andrew Michelsoun, near the gate of the Schuilhill.^ 

[Now belonging to William Patrie, the Chanter.] 

Item, from the land of John Mair in the Gallowgate, which he 
inhabits for behalf of himself, viis. 

[George Strathauchin's.] 

Item, for the same, from the land of Walter the son of Thomas, 
now Sonnok, lying in the Gallowgate, on the west side thereof, vs. 

The sum of this xxijs. 

Item, for John Cromy and wife, from all and whole that land 
formerly (his), now the chaplains*, set to divers persons, and after 
deduction of all annual rents and other dues, bringing in to us yjs. iji. 

Item, for Valter Achneiff, senior, from the land of the late Andrew 
Murisoun, now Nicholas Baxstar's, in the Netherkirkgate, on the south 
side thereof, xs. 

Item, from the waste land of the late George Valcar, xs. 

Item, for the same, from the land of the late Martin Kemp, now 
James Collisoun*s in the Grein, vs. 

^ Mass of the Commemoration of the Holy Spirit. See Appendix IV. 
' Mass of the Commemoration of the Holy Trinity. See Appendix IV. 
' Mass of the Body of Christ. See Appendix IV. 

This latter is appropriately on Thursday, the day of the week on which the Eucharist 
was instituted. 

^The gat4 d the SchoolhiU. Is there other mention of it ? 

Y 



I70 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

The sum of this xxvs., but vs. is for waste land. 

Item, for Sir William Murisoun,^ late curate of this town, from the 
land of the said late Sir William, lying in Futhe, now belonging to 
John the son of Arthur, xxs. 

[Gilbert Mense's.] 

The sum of this kxs. 

Item, for William Buchan, baker, Agnes Straachin, his wife, and 
Andrew Gordoun, from the several (singular) roods of William Henrison, 
formerly John Curry's (and) Thomas Chousoun's, l)ring in the burgh of 
Inruury, as contained in the evidents drawn up thereupon, xxiijs. iiijd. 

The sum of this xxiijs. iiiji. 

Item, for Gilbert Menzes, provost, for a Mass of Commemoration 
of the Holy Ghost, every Wednesday, at the Altar of S. Sebastian, 
from the croft of the late William Prat, now the said Gilbert's, lying 
near the Justice' Mill, xiijs. iiiji. 

Item, from another croft, vjs. viiji. 

The sum of this xxs. 

Item, for Sir John Chawmer, for a Mass of the Five Wounds, 
every Friday, at the Altar of S. Salvator,* from the inner land of the 
late Jonet Rolland, now belonging to the heirs of Bishop Alexander 
Gordon ' in the Upperkirkgate, on the north side thereof, xxiiijs. 

[Prom the land of the late John Arthour.] 

The sum of this xxiiijs. 

Item, for Alexander Wschert, from the land formally his, now 
belonging to the chaplain of S. Thomas the Martyr. 

Item, for Sir Andrew Chawmer, from the foresaid land, vs. 

And the Curate, Mr. Thomas Chawmer, Mr. Gilbert Chawmer, 



^ William Miuisoun is perhaps the William MoryBon who on the 23rd of March, 

14^, signs an obligation to Mr. Symon Dods, parson of Innemothy, to celebrate a Mass 

every Monday at the Altar of S. Andrew in the Church of S. Nicholas, for the repose of the 
soul of John, Earl of Mar. In that year, Murisotm was only one of the chaplains, Sir David 
Waus being curate. He may have succeeded Waus. {Registrum Ef, Aherd, ii. 303. The 
obit of Mr. Symon Doddis is entered below, CVIII.) 

'This Mass of the Five Wounds was celebrated with much appropriateness of time and 
place, at the Altar of S. Salvator (Our Saviour), on Friday, the day of His Crucifixion. 

'Bp. Alexander Gordon, the successor of Elphinstone, died in 15 18. 



COMMON RENTAL OF THE CHAPLAINS. I7I 

Mr. Duncan Chawmer, and Gilbert Litstar, executors of the late Sir 
Andrew Chawmer, are bound according to the tenor of the last will of 
the said Sir Andrew, to infeofF the chaplains of the choir of S. Nicholas 
of Abirdene, in other five shillings out of five pounds which they received 
from the same Sir Andrew, 

Item^ for Andrew Lousoun and wife, from the land of Sir Andrew 
Coupar, in the head of the Netherkirkgate, xijs. 

Item, for the same, from the land, as well inner as outer, of the 
late Alexander Coupar, now belonging to the said Sir Andrew, William 
Blinscheil, and William Brechin, in the Shiprow, viijs. 

The sum of this xxs. 

Item, for Mr. Thomas Chawmer, curate, and his mother, from the 
land of the same Mr. Thomas in the Gallowgate, on the east side 
thereof, which the same curate himself dwells in, for a Mass of S. 
Katherine,^ every Tuesday, at the Altar of S. Katherine, xxs. 

The sum of this xxs. 

Item, for John CoUisoun, senior, his father and mother, during his 
life-time, and after the decease of the said John, for himself, his wife 
and children, at the Altar of S. Michael, from all and whole that land, 
inner and outer, belonging to the said John in the Gallowgate, on the 
west side thereof, presently inhabited by William Lorimar and . . . 
Bissat, wood-sawyer, xxs. 

The sum oi^this xxs. 

Item, for the obit of Sir John Litstar, chaplain, from the lands of 
the late Richard Litstar, near the Church of the Holy Trinity in the 
Grein, xiijs. iiiji. 

The sum of this, xiijs. iiiji. 

Item, for Thomas Wans and wife, for a Mass of the Five Wounds 
every Thursday, at the Altar of S. Martin, from the newly built Chap- 
lains' Land' at the head of the Shiprow, xxs. 

Item, for the same, from the land of William Blinscheil in the same 
Shiprow, near the Kei (quay), iiijs. vi^. 

^ Man of S. Katherine. See Appendix IV. 

'The newly built Chaplains' Land seems to have been a Clergy-house, where the chap- 
lains, or a nmnber of them, lived in community. The numerous burdens on it in the way of 
Masses may point to its having been built by the help of the contributions of the fiuthfiil. 
The curate, it is to be noted, lived in a house of his own in the Gallowgate. 



1^2 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

The sum of this, xxiiijs. yjd. 

Item, by Mr. John Flescheir, formerly Chancellor,^ from the fore- 
said house, for a Mass of the Commemoration of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary' every Saturday at the Altar of S. Michael, xxs. 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, for Alexander Malisoun and wife, for a Mass of the Five 
Wounds at the Altar of S. John the Evangelist every Friday, from the 
foresaid new land, xxiiijs. 

[8th May, 1604, produced in fbrm of piolMUion against Jamea Fycn. Robertson 
(clerk).] 

Item, for Mr. David Menzes, for a Mass of the Compassion of the 
most Blessed Virgin Mary* every Friday in the Lower Church of S. 
Nicholas, from the same land, xxs. 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, for the obit of William Puthes, from the land of the late 
William Ranesoun in the Upperkirkgate, now Andrew Stratoun's, 

XllJS. IIIJO. 

The sum of this, xiijs. iiiji. 

Item, for Alexander Strangheid, from the land of the late Andrew 
Branch, presently inhabited by Matthew Branch, in the Shiprow, on the 
west side thereof, xs. iiiji. 

Itemy for the same, fit)m the bam of the late Patrick Lrcsley, now 
belonging to the heirs of the. same in the Green, lying near the Cemetery 
of the Church of S. Nicholas,* vs. 

The sum of this, xvs. iiiji. 

Item, for John Stocker, from the land of the late John Culane, now 



^ Chancellor of the diocese of Aberdeen. He was Chancellor, 7th September, 1493. He 
died gth February, 152a. He gave to the Cathedral a silver chalice and paten. {R^g> Bp» 
Abird, i. 333 ; ii. x8o, an.) 

* Mass of the Commemoration of the Blessed Virgin. See Appendix IV. 

' Mass of the Compassion of the most Blessed Virgin. See Appendix IV. This* Mass, it 
will be noted, was to be celebrated in the Crypt, now S. Mary*8 Chapel, which was dedicated to 
Our Lady of Piety, t.e., the Virgin Mother with the dead Christ on her knees. Friday, the 
day of His Passion, waa very appropriate for this Mass. 

* Before the formation of Union Street, the properties on the north side of the Green 
stretched up the slope to the Churchyard of S. Nicholas, which may have eitcnded further to 
the south than at present. 



COMMON RENTAL OF THE CHAPLAINS. 1 73 

his heirs*, in the Gallowgate beside The Braid Gutter on the south side 
thereof, vs. iiiji. 

Item, for the same, from the land of the late Alexander Roch, now 
his heirs', in the Green, vjs. 

The sum of this, xis. iiijd. 

Item, for Mr. John Badenach ^ and his father, from the land of the 
same Mr. John, now belonging to the heirs of John Matheland, xxiiijs. 

And in the Netherkirkgate, from a piece of land on the south side 
of the street, between this (house) and the (Flour mill) bum, xvji. 

The sum of this, xxvs. iiiji. 

Item, for Robert Crag and wife, for a Mass of the Five Wounds 
every Friday at the Altar of S. Peter, from the land of the late same 
Robert, now belonging to William King, dyer, in the Gallowgate, ^ on 
the west side thereof, opposite the Greyfriars', xxiiijs. 

The sum of this, xxiiijs. 

Item, for James Collisoun, from the land of the late Dauld Adam- 
soun in the Gallowgate on the east side thereof, now belonging to the 
heirs of the said Dauid, xijs. 

Item, for the same, from the land of John Piper in the foresaid 
street lying on the west side thereof, ijs. 

[z5di December, 1607, produced in form of proof against John Touth. Robertsoun 
(clerk).] 

Item, for the same, from the land of the late William Beiltze, now 
his heirs*, in the Schuilhil on the north side thereof, ijs. 

Item, for the same, from the land of Nicolas Baxstar in the Nether- 
kirkgate, lying on the south side thereof, ijs. 

Item, for the same, from the land of the late John Portar, now the 
curate's, in the Gallowgate on the west side of the street, ijs. 

The sum of this, xxs. 

Item, the annual-rents underwritten are always paid in hand at 
the time of the celebration of the obsequies and Divine offices following. 

[Let the revenue be paid in hand.] 

Item, in primis, for Thomas Prat, from the land of James Collisoun 
in the Upperkirkgate, presently inhabited by the said James, xxs. 

' He was vicar of Gamrie, 1512. 

'This part of the Gallowgate had not yet been widened to form Broad Street. 



174 CHARTULARY OP SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Item, for the same, from the land of the late John Grig, now 
Gavin Murray's, in the Gallowgate on the east side thereof, iiijs. 

The sum of this xxiiijs. 

Item, for Andrew Murray, senior, from half a net of the Fords on 
the Water of Dee, xxiiijs. 

The sum of this xxiiijs. 

Item, for Alexander Reid and Margaret Crafurd, his wife, from the 
land of the late Dauid Tilman, now William Holland's, in the Castle 
Street on the south side thereof, xxs. 

The sum of this xxs. 

Item, for the father and mother of Alexander Gray, from the land 
of the late Alexander Logy in the Gallowgate, now belonging to Robert 
Barbour o/ios Huytzousoun, xxs. viiji. 

The sum of this xxs. viij</. 

Item, for Mr. William Stradaquhin and Mr. Thomas Stradaquhin, 
from the inner land of the late Malcolm Crag, now belonging to the 
heirs of John Fichat, in the Castle Street on the north side 
thereof, xxs. 

The sum of this xxs. 

Item, the perpetual chaplain of S. Mary Magdalene is bound to pay 
annually to the chaplains of the choir of S. Nicholas of Aberdene for 
the obit of Andrew and Cristina Kagheo, his spouse, xxs. 

The sum of this xxs. 

Item, for Stephen Balrony, from the land of the late Henry Reid, 
now his heirs', lying in the Upperkirkgate on the north side thereof, xxs. 

The sum of this xxs. 

Item, the chaplain of the original^ foundation of the Altar of S. 
Michael is bound to pay to the chaplains of the choir of S. Nicholas of 
Aberdeen, annually for the obit of Angus Adamsoun, xxiiijs. 

The sum of this xxiiijs. 

Item, the chaplain of S. Mary is in like manner bound to pay to 
the same chaplains for two obits of Mr. John Smale, viz.: — ^A sung 
mass with trenthal following at the Feast of the Nativity of S. John 
Baptist (24th June), and another trenthal at the Feast of S. Martin in 

^ These chaplaincies had been fonned in the church, it is probable, prior to its erection 
into a Collegiate Church, and entries like the above may mark the terms of their adjustment 
to the new constitution. 



COMMON RENTAL OF THE CHAPLAINS. 175 

winter (nth November), from the land of the said late Mr. John Smale, 
now pertaining to the chaplain of S. Ann, xxs. 

The sum of this xxs. 

Item, for the obit of Mr. Thomas Waus, late Precentor of Moray 
and Canon of Abirdene, the chaplain of Altar of S. Martin of the 
original foundation, is bound to the chaplains of the foresaid choir 
for a sung mass and trenthal, with placing of a table, and wax (lights) 
as the custom is in the said church, for which the same chaplain is * 
mfeft, xujs. inja. 

The sum of this xiijs. iiijd. 

Item, for a solemn Mass of the Body of Christ, every Monday at the 
High Altar, for which mass the chaplains are infeft with the Justice 
Mills by the Provost, baillies, council and community of the said 
burgh, iiij/6. 

And for non-payment of the said mass in times past and gone ij 
merks at (this) date, as is more fully contained in letters given thereon 
to the said chaplains. 

Item, for Mr. Andrew Hal, Treasurer of Abirdeen and ofiBcial of 
the same, for a daily mass at the High Altar, the chaplains of the choir 
are infeft for ever in a half net at the Fords (of Dee), set to the late 
Alexander Malisoun and his wife, and now to his wife for the duration 
of the said lease, vlb. 

Item, for the same, from the lands of Findone, yiz. :-^Achnaquiack 
and Amabo, as contained more largely in the mortification of the 
same, xls. 

Item, for the same, from the land of the late William Buchane, 
baker, now belonging to Andrew Buchan, junior, baker, lying in the 
Gallowgate, viijs. viijd. 

Item, for the same, from the land of the late John Loudor, now 
Andrew Tailzour's, in the same street, xjs. viiji. 

The sum of all for tiie first mass viij/6. iiiji, but of the said sum 
the chaplaina pay to the chaplains of the Cathedral Church of Abir- 
deen annually xiijs. iiiji. 

And so for the said mass annually vij/6. vijs. 

The total sum of this mass vijlibs. vijs. 

This is the true and undoubted Rental of all the foundations 
and rents of the chaplains of the ciioir of S* Nicholas of Abirdene, 



176 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

collected by Sir Andrew Couper, and revised by the said chaplains, 
and in this Register inserted, corrected and amended quite lately, as 
will appear more clearly in the foundation charters thereon made. 
Witness my manual cheirograph and seal appended to the same, 26th 
March, 1521. 

W. Phi(lipson), notary-public. 
[The next page is blank.] 



CI. 

Charter of Sir Dauid Waus. ^th October, 1549. (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter. Sir Dauid Waus, per- 
petual chaplain of the Altar or chaplaincy of S. Thomas the Martyr, 
situated within the burgh of Abirdene (wisheth) eternal health in the 
Lord. Know that I, my own advantage, and that of my successors 
being carefully considered, and moved by certain reasonable causes, 
notably for the construction and building of the waste land under- 
mentioned, whereof, neither I nor my successors, in times past within 
the memory of man had ever any advantage, and with the express con- 
sent and assent of the Provost, baillies, council, and community of the 
said burgh of Abirdene, the undoubted patrons of the said chaplaincy, 
gathered, the greater part of them, for this purpose in the Town-house 
of the said burgh, and representing the (whole) body of the same, have 
given ... to feu or perpetual heriditary lease ... to an 
honourable man, Dauid Mar, one of the baillies of the said burgh, and 
to his heirs and assigns whomsoever, all and whole that waste and 
uninhabited land with its pertinents belonging to the said chaplaincy 
lying within the burgh in the Castle Street, on the west side of the 
same, between the land of the late John Vaus, Laird of Many, on the 
south, and the land of the Altar or chaplaincy of S. Barbara the Virgin 
situated within the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene on the 
north, the land of Robert Cullan on the west, and the king's highway 
on the east, to be held ... by the said Dauid Mar, his heirs and 
assigns of me and my successors under our sovereign Lady the Queen 



CHARTER OF SIR DAVID WAUS.' 177 

and her successors the kings or queens ^ of Scotland in feu heirship and 
free burgage for ever . . . the said Dauid . . . rendering to our 
Queen and her successors the kings or queens of Scotland the burgage 
service due and customary . . . and paying thence annually to me 
and my successors the chaplains of the chaplaincy of the said hospital 
the sum of ten shillings, Scots, in name of feu duty. ... In testi- 
mony whereof to this charter signed with my sign manual is appended 
my own seal, together with the common seal of the said burgh of 
Abirdene, in sign of the consent of the Provost, baillies, councillors and 
community of the said burgh, the patrons of the said chaplaincy, a^d 
the seal of an honourable man Gilbert Menzes, junior, one of the baillies 
of the said burgh, and giver of sasine hereupon, at the said burgh, 4th 
Oct., 1549, before witnesses, honourable men : Thomas Menzes, Provost 
of the said burgh ; Gilbert Menzes, baillie of the same ; Walter Cullane, 
Robert Rattre, Mr. Thomas Menzes, Alexander Turing, John Junor, one 
of the sergeants of the said burgh ; and Mr. John Kennedy, notary- 
public, with divers others. 

This is a true and undoubted copy of the principal charter col- 
lated by me Mr. John Nicholson, clerk of court of the 
baillies of Abirdene and notary-public, etc. ... 

CII. 

Feu Charter of the whole tenement of S, Peter's Altar y by Mr. Dauid Waus, 

Chaplain^ (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter. Sir Dauid Waus, per- 
petual chaplain of the chaplaincy or Altar of S. Peter the Apostle 
within the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene (wisheth) eternal 
health in the Lord, know that I, having considered my own advantage 
and that of my successors, and being moved by certain reasonable 
causes, and chiefly for the augmentation of the annual rental of the said 
chaplaincy to the sum of thirteen shillings and four pence, Scots, more 

*In the original regibus seu regims. The meaning, according to the correct Latin 
constniction, could have been the same without regrinis, but there had been no Queen regnant 
of Scotland since the days of the Maid of Norway, and the feeling of strangeness in being 
under female rule is not unnaturally expressed in the unwonted phrase. Moreover,*instead of 
the usual fitrm King 0/ Scots we have here the territorial, Queen of Scotland, 

* Described on the margin of the Chartulary Mr, Thomas Mennes^ Charter ^ 1549. 

Z 



1/8 CHARTULARV OF SAINT NICHOLAS, 

than the said tenement with its garden and pertinents has yielded for a 
long time past, with the express consent and assent of the Provost, 
baillies, councillors, and community of the said burgh of Aberdene, 
assembled in the Town*house of the same and representing the entire 
body of the said burgh, the undoubted patrons of the said chaplaincy, 
have given • . . and let in feu ... to an honourable 
man, Mr. Thomas Menzes, burgess of the said burgh, his heirs and 
assigns whomsoever, all and whole that tenement belonging to my said 
chaplaincy, viz. : — the land outer and inner, and the garden thereof, 
lying within the said burgh, in the Castle Street, on the north, on the 
north side thereof between the land of the late Patrick Leslie on the 
east, and the land of the late Mr. John Badzenoch on the west, the 
king's highway on the south, and the common vennel of the said bui^h 
on the north. And this because the said Mr. Thomas caused to rebuild 
anew the roof of the said outer land in beams and tiles and other 
necessaries at his own expense, and for the building, construction and 
repair of other parts of the said tenement now old, ruinous, and in 
imminent danger of falling to the ground if renewal be not quickly 
brought to it, to be held ... by the foresaid Mr. Thomas Menzes 
. . • of me and my successors from our Sovereign Lady the Queen and 
her successors, the kings or queens of Scotland in feu and perpetual 
lease . • . the said Mr. Thomas . . . and • . . paying 
to me and my successors annually . . the sum of nine 

merks, Scots . . . namely, eighty merks for the old rent, and 
thirteen shillings and four pence in augmentation of the rental of my 
said chaplaincy on account of the causes above expressed. ... In 
testimony whereof to this charter signed with my sign manual, is 
appended my own seal together with the seal of an honourable man 
Alexander Ruyerfurd, one of the baillies of the said burgh, and giver of 
sasine hereupon, also the common seal of the said burgh of Abirdene. 
At Abirdene 4th Oct., 1549, before these witnesses, honourable men : 
Mr. Robert Lumisden, Dauid Andersoun, Walter Cullan, Dauid Mar, 
Gilbert Malisoun, burgesses of the said burgh ; Dauid Reid and John 
Junor, sergeants; Mr. John Nicholsoun and Mr. John Kennedy, 
notaries-public, and divers others. 

This is a true and undoubted copy of the principal feu-charter, 
collated by me Mr. John Nicholsoun, notary-public and 
common clerk of the burgh of Abirdene . . • etc. 



PENSION FROM THE JUSTICE MILLS. 179 

CIIL^ 

Letter of Annual Pension of Six Merks made to the Chaplains of the Choir of 
the Church of 5. Nicholas of this Burgh by the Provost^ Baillies, Coun- 
cillors and Community thereof from the Justice Mills, for the Celebration 
and Support of a Mass of the Body of Christ every Monday by the said 
Chaplains. 8th May, 1508. {Abstract.) 

Bb it known to all men by these present letters that we, Provosti 
baillies, council and community of the burgh of Aberdeen, . . . have 
assigned ... to our trusted orators,* the curate and chaplains of 
our Parish Kirk of the said burgh, eight merks, Scots, of the rents and 
dues of our Justice Mills of the said burgh, ... to be raised from 
the same, for twelve years, because we rest their debtors to the extent of 
sixteen pounds, Scots, for the upholding and singing of the Mass of the 
Sacrament called the Holy Blood Mass' every Monday for certain years by- 
past. And the said twelve years being complete and running, we grant a 
gift to our said chaplains of six merks of rent and dues from our said mills 
continually and perpetually for the upholding of the said mass. The said 
eight merks ... to be held by the said curate and chaplains and 
their successors for . . . eight years, as aforesaid ; and henceforth 
six merks yearly. . . . The entry of the said curates and chaplains 
. . . shall be at the Feast of S. Martin in winter next, . . . and 
after entry they shall enjoy . . . the same peaceably for the upholding 
of the said mass — ^aye, and until we provide them with another place as 
distrainable for the payment of the said. merks. ... In witness 
whereof, we have appended our secret seal of the said burgh, 8th May, 1508. 
In a head court of the said burgh of Aberdeen, holden in the 
townhouse of the same, 2nd October, 1508, a man of great 
probity — Gilbert Menzeis, Provost — with consent . . . 
commanded . . . these letters to be sealed with the 
secret seal of the said burgh. . . . Witness the whole 
court, and I, John Baidenagh, notary-public, etc.^ 

^ This charter, with the exception of the title and testing-clause, is in English, which is 
modernised and abbreviated in the text. 

' The word seems to be used in the sense of those who make it their business to frayfmf 
HuftofU tatinet than to preach to thsm. 

' Observe that in the title it is called a Mass of the Body of Christ, here of the Holy Blood, 

* The testing-clause is in Latin. 



l80 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

CIV. 

Benefactors of the Church of S. Nicholas, 

In the year of our Lord one thousand,^ etc. (sic), an honourable man 
William Leithe, in his own (life-)time adorned and decored the Parish 
Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene with two large bells of great price, 
hanging in the bell-tower, at his own cost and expense, whereof the 
name of the one is Lawrence and the name of the other Mary. To 
whose soul may God be gracious. Amen. 

The same William adorned the said Church with a priest's vest- 
ment complete, and cope of blue- velvet of great price, embroidered, 
moreover, with orphreys of gold, and other things useful corresponding 
to the same. Whose soul, may it be placed in heaven. Amen. 

James Crage, burgess of Abirdene, a man of repute and prudent, 
decored and adorned the Altar of S. Nicholas with the small image of 
S. Nicholas. To whose soul may God be gracious. Amen. 

A noble lady, Christina le Broyss, adorned and decored the Altar 
of S. Nicholas with a chalice of silver, gilt, and (set) with precious 
stones, etc. 

Men of great prudence, William Turinge, Stephen de Mannielle, 
and Berthilomew de Eglishame, in their own day adorned and decored 
the High Altar of S. Nicholas with the large chief image of S. Nicholas. 
Whose souls may (God) place in the highest heavens. Amen. 

An honest man, John Anstrother, decored the Altar of S. Nicholas 
with an image of S. Maiy, etc. 

In the year of our Lord,' etc. (sic\ William Strabrok founded the 
Altar of S. James. 

* 1351. See p. 13. 

* The text hag blodht a word which Mtgne interprets ** blood-colour ". But others, he 
says, understand ** sky-blue **. We must adopt this latter view, for it is evident that this vest- 
ment is the same as that commemorated in No. IX. (p. 14), when the word is blauiof un- 
doubtedly **blue" {SeoUice, "blae"). The "vestment" is the chasuble, as distinguished 
from the cope. 

' 1401. See p. 12. 



BENEFACTORS OF THE CHURCH OF S. NICHOLAS. l8l 

William Leith augmented and enlarged ^le Choir of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary in length towards the south by the space of sixteen feet ; 
and there he founded the Altar of SS. Lawrence and Ninian, which he 
adorned with mass-book, breviary and priestly vestments ; and there he 
lies buried. To whose soul may Christ be gracious. Amen. 

The same William left in his will xl. pounds to the fabric of the 
Church. 

The late William Strabrok, of good memory, founded the Altar of 
S. James the Apostle within the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abir- 
dene, and infeft the same with the annual rents underwritten, viz. : 
twenty shillings from the land of John Malisone in the Castle Street, 
on the north side of the same ; two merks from the land of William 
Goldsmitht, on the south side of the same street ; sixteen shillings and 
eight pence from the land of Gilbert Waus of Many, on the west side of 
the said street, in the Chakar Raw ; ^ and forty pence from the land of 
Sir Ingeram Bannermane in Futj. Whose soul may Christ place in the 
heavens. 

The obit of a late man of good memory, Richard Cementurius (the 
mason), and the founder of the chaplaincy of S. John, Apostle and 
Evangelist. 

Of old, Richard Cementurius, of good memory, burgess o£ the 
burgh of Abirden6, founded the Altar of S. John, Evangelist and 
Apostle, within the said church. 



CV. 

Obit of Mr. Robert Sckand. 12th January, 154^. (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Mr. Robert Schand, 
Parson of Alnais ' and chaplain of the Altar of S. Ann, the Mother of 

^ Exchequer Row. 

' This teems to be the right reading. In editing the text, however, I read the ti as a w, 
c ony e iti ng the word into Alves, a parish in Moray, as did the Editor of the " Obituary of 
Franciscan Convent at Aberdeen ** {Misallany of thg Spalding Club, vol. i. p. 71). The fact, 



1 82 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

the Virgin Mary, situated within the Parish Charch of S. Nicholas of 
Abirdene, (wisheth) eternal health in the Lord. Meditating beforehand, 
and often thinking it out in my mind, that we shall all stand before the 
judgment-seat of Our Lord Jesus Christ to render an account of our 
own deeds as we now are living in the body, and it shall be rendered to 
every one (Psalm 60^) according to his works ; (and that) therefore it is 
good to anticipate with works of mercy the day of final judgment, so 
that the things which we have sown on earth we may be able to reap 
with multiplied fruits in the heavens, and especially with provision for 
the celebration of pious prayers and the distribution of alms on earth 
— since by almsgiving we believe that sins are remitted, and henceforth 
hope beyond doubt that, through the merits of Christ, life eternal is 
gained, for this approveth our truth-speaking Lord Jesus Christ, the 
father of truth, saying, "Give alms" (Luke ii.),* "For alms doth 
deliver from all sin and from death, and doth not suffer the soul to go 
away into darkness ** (Tobit xii.),' " Water quencheth fire, and alms 
resisteth sin *' (Ecclus. iii.),* ** Redeem thy sins by almsgiving " 
(Daniel iv,),^ ** Alms alone," saith S. Ambrose, " can bear the dead 
man company'*;^ and it is certain it can be proved by very many 
other testimonies of sacred eloquence: — ^Therefore know that I, in 
honour of God Almighty, and of the glorious Vii^n Mary, His Mother, 

however, that Schand was a Canon of Ross, in which diocese Alness is situated (see below, 
No. CXX.), ought probably to decide for Alness. He bought for the Grey Friars of Aberdeen 
'* the north part of their lower garden,'* caused to be erected the reredos of the Altar of the 
Blessed Virgin in their church, and gave them a camlet cloak. ^ 

^ Ps. Ixii. 12 (as we number the Psalms ; the Vulgate numbers it Ixl). The elaborate 
argument as to the value of almsgiving is no doubt a witness to, and a result of, the spread 
of the Reformed doctrines! It will be observed, however, that the merits of Christ, though 
inserted only parenthetically, are not ignored. 

' Seconde— a mistake for duodecimo (S. Luke xii. 33. Cf, S. Luke xi. 41). 

' Tobit xii. 9— (A. V. ** For alms doth deliverfrom death, and shall purge away all sin. 
Those that exercise alms and righteousness shall be filled with life "). Two texts from Tobit 
are cited in the Offertory in the Book of Common Prayer, but not this. 

^ Ecclus. iii, 30— (A. V. " Water will quench a flaming fire ; and alms makcth an 
atonement for sins "). This verse forms part of the Third Responsary in the Roman Breviary 
Office for Ember Wednesday in the first week of Lent. 

' Dan. iv. 27 — (A. V. ** Break off thy sins by righteousness "). 

* The thou^t of the Saint is justified by the saying of Our Lord (S. Luke xvi. 9) ; it 
strikingly states the converse of the Psalmist's, " When he dieth, he shall carry nothing away " 
(Ps. xlix. 17). 



OBIT OF MR. ROBERT SCHAND. 1 83 

and of all saints, for the health of my soul, and the souls of my parents 
and benefactors, and of all those from whom I received any good 
things with too little justice, and of all the faithful dead, have given 
... in pure and perpetual alms ... to venerable and discreet 
men, the curate and chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of S. 
Nicholas of Abirdene, and their successors, the chaplains of the said 
choir, for ever, All and whole my annual rent of twenty-six shillings 
and eight pence, Scots, to be drawn by them . . . from all and 
whole that inland land and garden of the same, pertaining to the late 
Alexander Wentoun . . . lying within the said burgh in the 
Gallowgate, on the east side thereof, between the land of the late 
Thomas Scherar on the north, and the land of William Carnes on the 
south . . • the outer land of the said tenement on the west, and 
the public way on the east ... to be held ... by the 
foresaids . . . from me and my heirs . . . under our Sove- 
reign Lady the Queen and her successors, the kings or queens of 
Scotland, in feu, patrimony, and perpetual heirship. . . . For 
which the said curate and chaplains, and their successors, shall 
celebrate annually a sung Requiem Mass, in Gregorian song, on the 
7th day of March, up to the day of my death, and after my decease on 
such day as I shall have migrated from this world.^ at the aforesaid 
Altar of S. Ann, with my obsequies solemnly in the accustomed 
manner, with Placebo and Dirige on the preceding night, sung and 
other masses throughout the week immediately succeeding, by the 
chaplains severally, as the custom is. And the collector of the said 
chaplains for the time being shall distribute the foresaid sum as 
follows: — ^To each chaplain present and celebrating, sixteen pence. 
Item, to the sacrist for tolling the bells three times at the obsequies and 
three times at the mass, fourteen pence. Item, to the crier for going 
round the whole city (urbem) with hand-bell and by word of mouth 
inciting the people thereof to prayer for my soul, two pence. Item, to 
certain poor persons and needy scholars present at the mass and at my 
obsequies and praying for my soul, two shillings, at the discretion of 
the collector. Item, the said collector shall take for himself, for wax 

^ Schand died on the xst of August {Obituary 0/ Franciscan Convent 0/ Aberdeen), The 
word " migrated " (migraverit) may remind us of the famous epitaph, still legible in the 
cemetery .of Nuremberg, on Albert Durer — " emigravit *'. Durer died 1528. 



184 CIIARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

(lights) and for placing a table covered in a decent and comely fashion 
upon my monument, two shillings. And all those the said chaplains 
shall cause fulfil, as they shall wish to answer in the day of final 
judgment. ... In testimony whereof I have subscribed this present 
charter of foundation, along with the signs manual of the said curate 
and chaplains, at Abirdene, 12th January, 1548, before witnesses — 
Thomas Menzes, Provost of Abirdene ; Alexander Rutherfurd, Alexander 
Knollis, Mr. Robert Lumisden, Masters John Nicholsoun and John 
Kennedy, notaries-public ; with divers other. 

CVI. 

Sale of Property by the Curate and Chaplains of the Choir. 10th May, 

1539- {Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, the curate and chaplains 
of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of the burgh of 
Abirdene (wish) eternal health in the Lord. Know that we, in chapter 
assembled, called, and calling all who had interest, with our consent, 
after careful foreseeing, weighing, and considering the interest of our 
foresaid chapter, and for certain reasonable causes moving our minds 
thereto, have sold, alienated, and confirmed • • • to a prudent 
man, Andrew Craufurd, senior, burgess of Aberdeen, and to Elizabeitht 
King, his wife, and the longer liver of them, and to their children 
lawfully begotten or to be begotten, whom failing to their heirs and 
assigns whomsoever ... All and whole that outer land of ours 
. . . now inhabited by the said Andrew and Elizabeitht, lying 
within the said burgh on the south side of the Shiprow, between the 
land of Andrew Cullane on the east and the land of Gilbert Malisone on 
the west, the king's high way on the north and the inland land of the 
said Andrew Craufurd on the south, for one annual rent of twenty 
shillings, Scots, payable to us and our successors at Whitsunday and 
Martinmas yearly, from the said outer land, and for the repair and 
construction of the said outer land ... To be held by the said 
Andrew and Elizabeitht of us and our successors under our Sovereign 
Lord the King . . . reserving the right to ourselves and our 
successors to poind and distrain the said outer land for the payment 
of the said annual rent, and in event of failure to pay the same, freely to 



BENEFACTORS OF THE CHURCH OF S. NICHOLAS. 1 85 

re-enter it ... in spite of anything fulminated or to be fulminated 
to the contrary. ... In testimony whereof, to this present charter, 
signed with our signs-manual, are appended our common seal, also the 
seal of . . . Andrew Menzes, one of the baillies of the burgh and 
giver of sasine, at Aberdene, loth May, 1539, before witnesses — Walter 
Craufurd, James Collisone, Thomas Huntar, Thomas Blair, Alexander 
Kay, sergeants, with divers others. Witnesses — Gilbert Malisone, and 
Mr. Dauid Nicholsoun, town-clerk of the said burgh ; Mr. Thomas 
Chalmer, curate of Abirdene, with his own hand ; Sir John Waus, Sir- 
Dauid Waus, Sir John Fyf, Sir James Barclay, Sir Alexander Leslie, 
Mr. John Hay, Sir Alexander Robertson, Sir John Cumyng, Sir Andrew 
Waus, Sir Alexander Anderson, Sir Robert Spark, Mr. David Nicholsoun, 
notary-public. 

Attested by John Nicholsoun, notaty-public. 



CVII. 

Benefactors of the Church of S, Nicholas. 

A WOMAN, prudent and of good repute, Cristina Cadiow, relict of 
the late Andrew Allansoun, Provost of Abirdene, at her own expense 
decored and ornamented the Altar of ^. Mary Magdalene, situated 
within the Parish Church of S. Nicholas, of Abirdene, with one com- 
plete vestment of silk, viz. : the blew wellortis (blue velvets), for priest, 
deacon, and sub-deacqn, with a cope of silk of the same colour, orna- 
mented with gold; and with a chalice of silver gilt, three ounces in 
weight, to remain at the said altar in the sure keeping of the chaplain of 
the said altar. Notwithstanding the said vestment shall serve in the 
choir of Abirdene on greater double feasts. To whose soul may God be 
gracious. Amen. 

An honourable man of great prudence and honour, Andrew 
Alansone, formerly Provost of this burgh of Abirdene, founded the 
perpetual chaplaincy of the Altar of S. Maiy Magdalene, founded 
within the Parish Church of the same, and endowed it with two lands 
lying collaterally in the GallowgatCi and with two crofts — ^the Sow Croft 

AA 



l86 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

and the Calsay Croft ;^ and with two merks from lands which were 
formerly John Blinsele's in the Green, on the east side of the street 
which leads from the Church of S. Nicholas to the Church of the 
Carmelite Friars ; and with five shillings in Futy, from the land now 
John Tailzour's ; with ten shillings from the whole land lying eastward 
of the land of John (the son) of Stephen ; and from the land of the late 
William GifTard in the Shiprow from the site thereof xx. shillings. To 
whose soul may Christ be gracious. Amen. 

A prudent woman, Elizabetht Blynseil, wife of the late Thomas 
Chalmer, burgess of Abirdene, gifted one missal, printed,* to be the 
common property of all the chaplains celebrating in the Church of S. 
Nycholas, as long as it (the book) can last, that they may pray for her 
husband, and for herself, and for Mr. Thomas,' her son, etc., etc. 



CVIII. 

Rental of the Obits and Anniversaries founded by certain nun of good 
memory t noble, prudent, discreet, and of good repute, and assigned to the 
Vicar and Chaplains of the College of the Parish Church of 5. Nicholas 
of the Burgh of Abirdene. Written at A birdene by the hand of Sir John 
Stirueling, notary-public, 6th October, 149 1. 

The obit of Sir John Kingome, late Vicar of Abirdene, was on the 
first Sunday after the Feast of S. John Baptist (June 24) in the year 
of our Lord 1438. It shall be celebrated annually on the same Sunday, 
with the offices of the dead, Placebo and Dirige on the Saturday pre- 
ceding, by chaplains to the number of twelve, and with sung mass and 
trenthal throughout the week following as the custom is, at the Altar of 
S. Nicholas. For which anniversary the said chaplains are infeft in ten 
shillings from the land or croft of William Prat near the Justice Mills, 
in four shillings and four pence from the land of the late Thomas 
Litstar in the Grene, and from the land of James Kennerty in (the) 
Grene, twenty pence, as they shall be answerable. 

^ The name survives in Calsayseat It is derived from the causeway at the north end 
of the Broadford. 

' See above, p. 56. 

* This is the weU-known curate of Aberdeen. 



OBITS AND ANNIVERSARIES. 187 

The obit of the late Sir Robert Pstonsone, chaplain, was on the 
first Sunday after the Feast of Corpus Christi, 1437. It shall be cele- 
brated annually on the same Sunday, with Placebo and Dirige on the 
Saturday preceding, and with a sung mass and threnthal throughout 
the week following. And they shall celebrate another trenthal of 
XXX. masses annually at the Feast of S. Martin (November 11). For 
which anniversary they are infeft in twenty shillings from the land 
of the late Sir Thomas Heruy near the House (Convent) of the Holy 
Trinity, with ten shillings and six pence from the croft of Alexander 
Mar at (the) Crabstane, and forty-three pence from the croft of John 
Culane at (the) Crabistane. 

The obit of the late James Blinsell was on the Day (sic) of the 
Holy Trinity 1450; whose anniversary the chaplains shall celebrate 
annually in this form : xxiiii. masses in the Feast of Whitsunday, and 
as many masses in the Solemnity of S. Martin, in S. Nicholas' Church. 
For which they are infeft in six shillings fi'om the land of John 
Malisone in the Netherkirkgate, and in ten shillings from the land of 
Andrew Muresoun in the Netherkirkgate; as they shall be answer- 
able, etc. 

The obit of the late Sir William Leithe, chaplain, on the Feast of 
the Exaltation of the Cross (September 14), 1438; whose anniversary 
the chaplains shall celebrate at the Altar of S. Lrconard on the Sunday 
next following with offices of the dead, Placebo and Dirige^ on the Satur- 
day preceding, to the number of twelve chaplains, and with a sung mass 
and trenthal throughout the week following, as the custom is. For 
which they are infeft in the land both outer and inner of Lindesay^ 
Harraldy lying in the Netherkirkgate, as they will be answerable. 

The obit of the late John Stokar ... in the year fourteen 
hundred and . . . whose anniversary, the chaplains shall celebrate 
yearly in the Sunday next after the Feast of SS. Crispin and Crispinian 
(October 25) at the Altar of these saints, with a sung mass and trenthal 
throughout the week following. For which they are infeft in five 

^ A caae of a turname employed as a Christian name. 



l88 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

shillings and four pence from the land of John Culane, and in six 
shillings from the croft at the Crabstane, as they will be answerable. 

The obit of Alexander Stranghed was on the Feast of the Chains of 
S. Peter (August i), 1437 ; whose anniversary the chaplains shall cele- 
brate in this form» viz.: A trenthal at the Feast of Pentecost and 
another on the Feast of S. Martin, within the said church. For which 
they are infeft in ten shillings and four pence from the land of Andrew 
Branche in the Shiprow, and in five shillings from the bam of the 
late Thomas Culane: namely, for celebrating xlviij. masses. 

The obit of the late John Gilespy on the Feast of S. Michael 
(September 29), 1472; whose anniversary the chaplains shall celebrate, 
viz. : A trenthal annually on the said day and the week following at the 
Altar of the Holy Blood, and other altars situated round about it. For 
which they are infeft in ten shillings from the land of the said John in 
the Gallowgate ; as they shall be answerable. 

The obit of the late Andrew (the son) of Alan,^ on the Feast of S. 
Bartholomew (August 24), 1479; for the which Andrew and Cristina 
the chaplains shall celebrate annually on the Sunday next after the 
Feast of S. Bartholomew one sung mass with a trenthal throughout 
the week following, and the offices of the dead, with Placebo and Dirigc, 
on the Saturday preceding. For which the perpetual chaplain of the 
Altar of S. Mary Magdalene shall pay to the chaplains above-written 
twenty shillings, Scots, immediately after the celebration of this anni- 
versary. 

The obit of the late William Retre on the Sunday after the Feast 
of S. Leonard (November 6),* 1480; whose anniversary they shall cele- 
brate annually on the same Sunday at the Altar of the Holy Blood, 
with the offices of the dead. Placebo and Dirige^ on the preceding 
Saturday a sung mass on the Sunday, and trenthal through the week 

^ See p. 285, where he is called Alansone. 

' This feast was variously observed. 6th November is the day given in the Book of 
Common Prayer. Other authorities give 26th November. S. Leonard was a monk of the 
sixth century, honoured as a confessor chiefly in France. His name does not appear in the 
Roman Missal or Breviary. 



OBITS AND ANNIVERSARIES. 1 89 

following. For which they are infeft in thirteen shillings and four 
pence from the land of the said late William^ now occupied by William 
Abirdour, and in six shillings and eight pence from the land of Thomas 
Oyge in the Castle Street. 

The obit of the late Stephen de Balronny . . . whose anni- 
versary shall be celebrated annually on the Sunday after the Feast of 
Epiphany (January 6) at the Altar of S. Stephen, with offices of Placebo 
and Dirige, on the prece4ing Saturday, a sung mass on the Sunday 
following, and a trenthal of masses throughout the week. And the 
chaplain of S. Stephen's Altar shall answer for twenty shillings yearly 
to the college (of chaplains) for this service. 

The obit of the late Matthew Fechat ^ on the Feast of Epiphany 
(Jan. 6), 1483; whose anniversaiy they shall celebrate on the Sunday 
following, singing a mass from the music with trenthal following. And 
another trenthal at the Feast of Pentecost, at the Altar of S. Michael. 
For which they are infeft in twenty shillings annually from the north 
land of John KnoUis, lying in the Gastrow.^ 

The obit of the late Walter Thomson, on the Feast of the 
Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Feb. 2) ; whose anniversary 
they shall celebrate on the Sunday next following, one trenthal at the 
Altar of S. James. For which they are infeft in ten shillings from the 
land of the late John Huchonsone, butcher, in the Hakster Raw. 

The obit of the late An^s Adamsone, 1484. And the said 
chaplains shall celebrate annually a trenthal at the Feast of Epiphany, 
and another trenthal on the Feast of S. John Baptist (June 24). For 
which the chaplain of S. Michael's Altar shall answer up to twenty 
shillings annually. 

The obit of the late Duncan Clat, on Passion Sunday (5th Sunday 

^ To this there is appended in the Chartulary the following marginal note : ** Produced 
19th Feb., X533t in mode of probation, and recovered from the writings of Sir John Stirueling, 
by Mr. Thomas Annand and Alexander Menses, sworn on the oaths of the same. Malousoon, 
deifc." 



190 CHARTUUHtV OF SAIKT NICHOLAS. 

in Lent), 1455 ; whose atmiversaiy shall be celebrated annually . . . 
with a mass sung from the music, and trenthal of masses throughout 
the week, following, as the custom is. For the chaplains are infeft in 
thirteen shillings and four pence from the land of the late Duncan, in 
the Upperkirkgate ; as they shall answer. ' 

The obit of the late Thomas Blinsele, on Passion Sunday, 1455 ; 
whose anniversary shall be celebrated annually at the Altar of S. Peter 
on the said Sunday, with a mass sung from the music, and trenthal of 
masses throughout the week following, as the custom is. For which 
the chaplains of the college are infeft in thirteen shillings and four 
pence annually from the land of the late William Adesone, lying in 
the east end of the Castle Street; as they shall answer. 

The obit of the late John Stewinsone, on Mid-Lent Sunday, 1475 ; 
whose anniversary shall be. celebrated yearly on the said Sunday, with 
a sung mass, and other masses following, for the soul of the said John, 
etc. And there must be celebrated another trenthal on the Sunday 
after the decease of the spouse of said John, for the salvation of her 
soul, and that of the said John, at the Altar of S. Ninian. For which 
the chaplains are infeft in twenty shillings from the land of the late 
John Spnint, in the Netherkirkgate ; as they shall answer, eta And 
another trenthal of masses for Agnes Branch, the spouse of the said 
John, on the Sunday after Our Lord's Epiphany, by the chaplains of 
the college, at the Altar of S. Ninian. 

The obit of Walter Auchneywe, father, on the Sunday m Albis^ 
after Easter, 1480; whose anniversary shall be celebrated annually on 
the same Sunday, with the offices. Placebo and Dirige, on the Saturday 
preceding, a mass sung from the music, and trenthal throughout the 
week following, as the custom is, for the salvation of his soul, and the 
soul of bis spouse. For which anniversary, to be celebrated annually 
at the Altar of S. Peter, the chaplain of the original foundation of the 

^ The firit Sunday after Eatter, called also Low Sunday. It was called in albis 
because those who had been baptised on Holy Saturday (the great day for baptisms in the 
Early Church) were the white habit a ss nined far that oetemony throughout the octave. Low 
Sunday included. 



OBITS AND ANNIVERSARIES. 19I 

said chaplaincy shall answer to the college for twenty shillings a year, 
and find lights, and deck the monument, and order it» and cause toll 
the bells, for which he shall pay the sacrist. 

The obit of the late Andrew Menzeis shall be celebrated annually 
[on the second Sunday of April, with a sung mass, and trenthal of 
masses through the week following, as the custom is. And the obit or 
anniversary of the late Gilbert Menzeis, his father, shall be celebrated 
annually on the Sunday next following, with a mass sung from the music, 
and a trenthal of masses following throughout the week, as the custom 
is, during the life of Alexander Menzeis ^] . And after the decease of 
the said Alexander, the chaplains of the college shall celebrate an 
anniversary for his soul, and the soul of Elizabetht Leslie, his spouse, 
and the souls of the said Andrew and Gilbert, on the proper day in the 
month of November, at the Altar of S. Sebastiani the Martyr, with the 
office of the dead, Plaubo and Dirige, on the Saturday preceding, with a 
mass sung from the music, and trenthal throughout the week following. 
For which they are infeft in twenty shillings from a certain croft of the 
said Alexander's, near • • . as they shall answer. 

The obit of the late Thomas Crafurd on the Feast of S. John the 
Evangelist before the Latin Gate (May 6),* 1474 ; whose anniversary 
shall be celebrated annually at the Altar of S. John the Evangelist in 
the Feast A ntc Portam Latinam, with sung mass, and trenthal of masses 
throughout the week following, as the custom is. For which the 
chaplains are infeft in thirteen shillings and four pence from the croft 
of the late Richard Kyntor; as they shall answer. 

The obit of the late Mr. John Finaly • . • whose anniversary 

^ The words endoied in brackets are deleted in tiie chazter, and on the margin, in 
another hand, are written : " The obit of Alexander Menses and Elizabeth Leslie, his wife, 
"of Gilbert Menzes and Andrew Menzes, shall be celebrated annually on the Feast of All 
"Sainu (November x) by the chaplains of the college of S. Nicholas, with Placebo and 
**Dmget on the vigil, a sung mass on the day, and a trenthal throughout the week". 

* This fieast commemorates the casting of S. John the AposUe into a vessel of boiling 
oil, out of which by the fiivour and protection of God he emerged unharmed. This event 
(fikich is mentioned by Tertullian) took place at Rome, before the gate of the city opening 
tofwards Latiom. 



192 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

the chaplains of the college shall celebrate in this form : They shall 
sing from the music one mass annually, on the Feast of the Nativity 
of S. John Baptist (June 24), with a trenthal of masses in the week 
following, and another trenthal on the Feast of S. Martin (November 11), 
for the salvation of his soul, etc. For which the chaplain of the Altar 
of S. Ann, at which the said mass shall be sung, shall be answerable to 
the chaplains of the college for twenty shillings. 

The obit of the late William Adamsone . . . whose anni- 
versary the chaplains shall celebrate in this form : a trenthal of masses 
in the Feast of Pentecost, and another trenthal at the Feast of S. 
Martin, yearly, for the soul of the said William, and after his decease 
for that of Marjory Nicholsbun, his relict, and the souls of their kindred, 
etc For which anniversary they are infeft in twenty shillings from the 
land of the late Robert Kintor in the Gallowgate ; as they shall answer. 

Robert Blinsell, at the prompting of Divine charity, founded a 
mass to be celebrated every Sunday at the Altar of the glorious Virgin 
Mary at the time of the beginning of mattins in all time coming. For 
which the chaplains are infeft in twenty shillings and eight pence 
annually from two lands lying collaterally in the Shiprow ; as they shall 
answer. And the said mass shall be sung in the presence of the 
scholars at their entry for mattins . . . with De profundis ^ . . . 
for the souls of the said Robert, his parents, benefrictors, and all the 
faithful dead. 

The obit of Robert Blinsele, late Provost of Abirdene, and Eli^abetht 
Wod, his wife, at the Altar of the most Blessed Virgin Mary situated 
within the said church in the Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene. 
Whose anniversary, they shall celebrate yearly (viz.) : The offices of 
the dead, Placebo and Dirige, on the Saturday next after the Feast of 
the Apostles Philip and James (May i) ; on which day, at the time of 
the office, the collector shall place near the tomb of the said Robert a 
table, and cover it with a cloth of linen or wool, worth two shillings, 
bought by himself ; and shall choose thirteen poor folk to be present 

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OBITS AND ANNIVERSARIES. 193 

personally prayin'g till the office is concluded for the salvation of the 
soul of the said Robert, and the souls of his wife, children, parents, and 
all the faithful dead. Upon which table the same collector shall place 
xiij. poor (men's) two-penny loaves, which, with certain pieces of flesh 
uncooked, and two pence to each of the said poor men, when the office 
has been celebrated, he shall distribute to the extent of six shillings and 
six pence. Moreover, he shall give the foresaid cloth to a poor man.^ 

Also he shall give a collation that night to the chaplains, the 
brethren of the college, meeting in some respectable place, seven 
shillings and six pence ; to the crier who goes round the town, three 
pence ; to the sacrist for tolling the bells, twenty-one pence ; for wax 
and the making of the same (into candles), two shillings annually ; and 
to the chaplains of the college, twenty shillings, who shall celebrate a 
sung mass for the foresaid souls on the Sunday following at the Altar 
of the most Blessed Virgin Mary, with a trenthal in the week following. 
For which they are infeft in two merks from the lands of Petmukstoun, 
and one merk from the land of the late William Blinsel in the Gallow- 
gate ; as they shall be answerable.^ 

The venerable Mr. Symon Doddis, Parson of Inuemochty, founded 
a requiem mass to be celebrated every Monday at the Altar of S. 
Andrew the Apostle for the soul of a noble and illustrious lord, the late 
John Steuarte, Earl of Mar and Gereauche, and after the decease of 
the same Mr. Symon for the salvation of his own soul and the said 
Earl's. For which mass, to go on to all time coming, the chaplains of 
the college are infeft in twenty-two shillings annually from a certain 
land of the late John Anderson's near the land of Gilbert Mureson ; as 
they shall answer.' 

A man discreet and devout towards God, Mr. Thomas Muresone, 

' This reveals to us the purpose for which these tables were set: as Abel, ** being dead 
yet speaketh,** so the pious founder being dead yet gave of his goods to the poor, that they 
might be warmed and fiUed ; and his alms would go up with the sacrifice of Christ and the 
prayers as a memorial for him before God (Acts x. 4). Customs somewhat similar prevail 
in the Greek Church to the present day : the table may be seen with the bread, etc. For 
the gift of a piece of flesh, see David's gifts, 2 Sam. vi. 19. 

' See Antiq, Aberd, and Banff ^ iii. pp. 184-192. 

> See Appendix I., C, 4, 9. 



194 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Vicar of Premeth, founded a requiem mass to be celebrated every 
Monday at the Altar of the Holy Blood for the salvation of his own 
soul and the soul of the late Andrew Leslie. For which mass, to last 
to all time coming, the chaplains of the college are infeft in twenty 
shillings a year from the land of Alexander Nachty lying in the Upper- 
kirkgate ; as they shall be answerable. 

The obit of Sir Dauid Waus, Vicar of Banff . . . whose an- 
niversary shall be celebrated annually at the Altar of S. Mary Magdalene 
in the form following, viz.: On the Sunday after the Feast of S. 
Nicholas (Dec. 6) for the souls of the parents of the said Sir Vicar, and 
Andrew (the son) of Alan, and Cristina Cadiow, his spouse, the office 
of the dead to be celebrated on the Saturday preceding, with Placebo 
and Dirige^ with a sung mass on the Sunday and a trenthal throughout 
the wqek, as the custom is. And after the decease of the said Sir Vicar, 
there shall be celebrated, for the salvation of his soul and the souls 
aforesaid, the anniversary above-mentioned, viz. : On the Saturday next 
after (the day of his decease) the office of the dead, with Placebo and 
Dirige, and a sung mass on the Sunday following, and a trenthal through- 
out the week at the. said altar. For which the chaplains are infeft in 
twenty shillings from the land of John Menzeis in the Shiprow ; and 
the collector shall find lights, and pay the sacrist for tolling the bells, 
etc.; as they shall be answerable. 

The obit of the late William Cantuly on the Eighteenth Sunday 
after the Feast of Holy Trinity, who died on a like day, October, 1478; 
whose anniversary, and that of Marjory Cantuly, his wife, the chaplains 
of the college shall celebrate at the Altar of S. Stephen the Martyr on 
the same Sunday yearly with a sung mass, and trenthal of masses 
throughout the [preceding]^ week, the office of the dead only with 
Placebo and Dirige being celebrated on the Saturday preceding, as the 
custom is. For which the chaplains are infeft in twelve shillings from 
the land of the late William Cantuly in the Gallowgate, and in six 
shillings and four pence from Quhitis' land in the Shiprow, now in the 
hands of Alexander Chamer of Murthill ; as they shall wish to answer. 

^ On the margin of the Ckartulary this is deleted, and " following " inserted. 



OBITS AND ANNIVERSARIES. I95 

A venerable, learned, and circumspect man, Mr. Andrew Lyall,^ 
Treasurer of Aberdon and Official of the same, in honour of Almighty 
God, etc., founded one mass to be celebrated daily at the Altar of our 
glorious patron, S. Nicholas ... for which mass, to last and be 
celebrated in time to come, the chaplains of the said college are infeft in 
the fishings of one half net at the Fords of the Water of Dee, and in 
forty shillings from the lands of Auchquyok and Camabow lying in the 
barony of Fyndon, in the county of Kincardyn, and heired contin- 
gently by William Kyntor ; as they shall be answerable. 

An honourable man, Robert Blinsele, late Provost of the burgh of 
Abirdene, founded a lamp to remain burning in winter in all time 
coming, for the health of his soul, and the souls of his parents, pre- 
decessors, successors, and all the faithful dead, at the Altar of the most 
Blessed Virgin Mary within the Parish Church of our glorious patron, S. 
Nicholas of Aberdene, for the maintaining of which lamp the oft- 
mentioned Robert infeft the chaplain of the foresaid altar in an annual 
rent of two shillings from the land of Thomas Gladstane in the Grene, 
between the land of William Andersone on the south and the public 
king's highways on the east and west. 

The obit of a late venerable man, Sir Andrew (the son) of Henry, 
formerly chaplain of the Altar of S. Leonard in the Church of S. 
Nicholas of Abirdene, shall be always the Tuesday immediately follow- 
ing the Feast of Pentecost ; he died on the third day of . . . 1503. 
Which obit shall be celebrated yearly in the foresaid church before the 
said Altar of S. Leonard, with a sung mass and trenthal throughout the 
week following, by the chaplains of the choir of S. Nicholas of Aberdene. 
For which anniversary the said chaplains are infeft in thirteen shillings 
and three pence from the land of the late Andrew (the son) of Henry, 
now belonging to the heirs of Andrew Burnat, near Damatis Gable. 

An honest man, John Steuarte, burgess of Abirdene, founded a 
mass once a week, every sixth day, Friday, in all time coming, to be 
celebrated for the health of his soul and the souls of his wife, parents, 
benefactors, and all the faithful dead at the Altar of S. James within 

' He died 3rd Dec., 1503 {Registrum Aberdonense, it. 221). 



196 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

the Parish Church of S, Nicholas of Abirdene. For the celebrating of 
which mass the vicar and chaplains of the said college are infeft in one 
annual rent of seventeen shillings and four pence from the land of the 
said John lying in the Gallowgate on the east side thereof outside the 
gate,^ between the land of the late Duncan Lundoris on the south, and 
the land of the late William Adamsone on the north. To whose soul 
may God be gracious. Only there is reserved the free tenure of the 
same to the said John for the term of his life, and meanwhile no benefit 
can be got from it. 

A venerable man, Sir Dauid Waus, Vicar of Banff, left to the 
Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene and the chaplains of the college of 
the same a coverlet, " the arrass bede," for covering the monuments and 
tables of (he late Andrew (the son) of Alan of good memory, Provost of 
this burgh, of Cristina Cadiow, his wife, and (for covering) his own table, 
and all other tables of the chaplains or others whomsoever within the 
said church at the time of observing their obits or anniversaries ; with this 
condition, that no one shall take it away from the foresaid church under 
pain of anathema or fine.' Done and subscribed with his own hand. 
Moreover, he ordered, placed, and deposited the same coverlet in the 
sure keeping of a discreet man. Sir John Strathachin, for his time, and 
after his decease, or retirement from personal residence at the said 
church, the same to another fit chaplain to be chosen out of the college 
by the chapter and college aforesaid, to remain for ever within the said 
church. 

And I, Sir Dauid Waus, Vicar of Banf, approve the foresaid ; 
witness my own hand. 

The obits of the late venerable men of good memory. Sir Dauid 
Waus, Vicar of Banf, and Mr. Thomas Waus, Precentor of Moray; 
whose anniversary shall be celebrated yearly at the Altar of S. Martin 
within the Church of S. Nicholas on the Sunday next after the last day 
of April (as follows), viz. : By singing a sung mass, with trenthal 

^ The gate at the outer end of the Gallowgate 

* Lata — *' The word is generally used of the fine imposed on a debtor who has not 
paid up by the appointed day**. It shows how a too frequent and trivial use had degraded 
the solemn anathema of the Church, that it has the alternative of a fine I 



OBITS AND ANNIVERSARIES. igf 

throughout the week following, as the custom is. And the perpetual 
chaplain of the foundation of the said Mr. Thomas shall find lights, etc. 
For which the chaplains are infeft in an annual rent of thirteen shillings 
and four pence from the land of Andrew Nachty in the Upperkirkgate 
of the said burgh. 

The obits of the late Duncan Clat of good memory, and of Ellen, 
his spouse ; whose anniversary shall be celebrated yearly at the Altar 
of S. Michael on Sunday in Passion (week) (5th Sunday in Lent) with 
sung mass and trenthal throughout the week, as the custom is. For 
which the chaplains are infeft in twenty shillings from his own land in 
the Upperkirkgate. 

The obits of the late John KnoUis^ of good memory, burgess of 
Abirdene, and Marjory Bigone, his spouse, on the night of the Conver- 
sion of S. Paul (Jan. 25), 1492 ; whose anniversary shall be celebrated 
yearly at the Altar of S. John Baptist within the Church of S. Nicholas 
of Abirdene, in manner, form, and effect as follows, by the vicar and 
chaplains of the said college, viz. : The offices of the dead, Placebo and 
Dirige, on the Saturday next after the Feast of the Conversion of S. Paul, 
a sung mass on the Sunday following, and a trenthal throughout the 
week, as the custom is. Moreover, the said vicars and chaplains shall 
find annually the lights for the said anniversary; they shall place the 
accustomed table on the monument, and cover it with a decent pall. 
For which they are infeft in an annual rent of sixteen shillings and 
eight pence from the ground of Duncan Talzour's land in the Gallow* 
gate, and an annual rent of ten shillings from John Lundoris' land in 
the same street. 

The obit of the late Thomas Prat of good memory, burgess of the 
burgh of Aberdene, was on the last day of September, 1500 ; whose 
anniversary shall be . celebrated annually at the Altar of S. George the 
Martyr and S. Thomas the Apostle, situated within the Parish Church 
of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, by the curate and chaplains of the same in 

1 A Cunily of the same name, which, curiously enough, is given also as Knox, possessed 
in X57I-8S the property in the Guettrow, afterwards the town house of the Skenes, and now 
(189 1) the Victoria lodging-housa. 



igS CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

mode and form following: The office of the dead, with Placebo and 
Dirige^ on the Saturday next following, and a sung mass on the next 
Sunday, with a trenthal of masses throughout the week following, as the 
custom is. Then, the curate and chaplains shall celebrate, for the 
health of his soul, and the souls of Marjory Ratre, his first wife, zx^ of 
Annabella Gordon, his present wife, after her decease, and for all the 
faithful dead. Moreover, their collector for the time being shall place 
a table upon his monument, cover it with a comely pall, place the 
candlesticks, and find sufficient lights ; to the sacrist of the said church 
he shall pay two shillings annually, for which he shall toll the church 
bells ^ three times at the said office, and so at the sung masses; he 
shall cause the crier to perambulate the whole town yearly, and pay to 
him two pence. For which they are infeft in an annual rent of twenty 
shillings from the ground of James Collisone's land in the Upperkirk- 
gate, on the north side thereof, between the land of the late John 
Scroggis on the east, and the land of Henry Red on the west ; and in 
another annual rent of four pence from the land of John Grig, in the 
Gallowgate, on the east side of the street, between the land of the late 
Richard Cullane on the south, and the land of the late Gilbert Leitht 
on the north. And the said sacrist shall toll the church bells yearly at 
mid-day before the celebration of the office. Be it noted that the col- 
lector of the said chaplains annually receives the said two annual rents 
of twenty-three shillings in advance of the terms of Martinmas and 
Whitsunday, so that he may pay this anniversary. And he is bound to 
pay the curate and chaplains each his own share, as the custom is, im- 
mediately after the celebration, without further delay, and thereafter 
the sacrist and crier for their trouble, as above. 

The obits of the late honest man John Crommy and Christina 
Meldrum his wife, whose anniversary is celebrated yearly at the 
Altar of S. Nicholas on the Sunday next after the Conversion of S. Paul 
the Apostle (Jan. 25) by the chaplains of the college of S. Nicholas of 
the said burgh, vi2., with Placebo and Dirige on the Saturday, and a 
sung mass on the morrow, with trenthal throughout the week following, 
as the custom is. And the collector of the said chaplains for the time 

^ Camfanas eccUnaiHcat, Their succcsiors are now spoken of as the Town*« bells. 



OBITS AND ANNIVERSARIES. I99 

being shall place a table on the monument and find lights. For which 
the said chaplains are infeft in an annual rent of twenty-four shillings 
from all and whole that inner and outer land of the said late John lying 
within the said burgh in the Gallowgate on the west side thereof, 
between the land of the late John Mylne on the north, and the land 
of ftie chaplains of the college of the Cathedral of Aberdeen on the 
south, and the public ways on the east and west. 

The obits of the late Margaret Waus and John Menzeis of good 
memory, whose anniversary shall be celebrated yearly at the Altar of 
S. Sebastian on the first day of January for ever, with the office of the 
dead, Plaubo and Dirige, on the preceding night, sung by the curate 
and chaplains of the college of Abirdeen, with a sung mass and trenthal 
of masses throughout the week following for the souls of the said John 
and Margaret, their parents, benefactors, and all the faithful dead. 
Moreover, the said chaplains shall annually place the accustomed 
table, covered, on their monument, find the accustomed lights, and 
perform all other things requisite for anniversaries of this kind as the 
custom is, etc. For which they are infeft in one annual rent of twenty 
shillings, Scots, from the land of Alexander Menzeis lying in the Castle 
Street, on the south side thereof, between the land of John Ruyerfurde 
on the east and the land of the late James Leslie and Dauid Menzeis 
on the west, etc. The obit of the said Margaret was on ist Januaryi 

1495. 

The seventh day of February, 147 1, the masters, sirs, and 
chaplains underwritten, viz. : Duncan Scherar, William Wocat, 
Alexander Vocat, Alexander Scherar, Robert Leys, and Andrew (son) 
of Thomas, are obliged in turn, so soon as it shall have come to the 
knowledge of any of them that one of their number hath died, to cele- 
brate as speedily as possible, or cause to be celebrated, xxx masses at 
the instinct of charity and brotherliness for the soul of the departed. 
And each shall pray for the standing (in grace) of the others as long as 
they live. 

On the last day of January, 1490, these venerable men, viz. : Mr. 
Duncan Scherar, Canon of Abirdeen; Mr. Andrew Bisset, Vicar of 



r 



200 CIIARTULAKY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Inverovry; Sir Dauid Waus, Vicar of Banff; Mr. Alexander Fyff, Sir 
John Strathauchtin, Sir William Muresone, Sir Andrew Chamer, Sir 
Andrew (son) of Thomas, Sir John Blak, and Sir William Falconer, 
chaplains, are bound in turn as above. 

The obits of the late Agnes Fechat and Dauid Collisoun of good 
memory, whose anniversary shall be celebrated yearly at the Altar of 
S. Michael the Archangel, on the Sunday next after the Feast of the 
said S. Michael (September 29) for ever, with a sung requiem mass 
and trenthal throughout the week following for the souls of the said 
Agnes and Dauid, their parents, benefactors, and all the faithful dead. 
Moreover, the chaplains of the said Church of S. Nicholas shall yearly 
place the accustomed table, covered, on their monument, find lights, 
and perform all other things requisite for anniversaries of this kind, as 
the custom is. For which they are infeft in one annual rent of ten 
shillings, Scots: from the land of the late Dauid F>'nne in Futy, 
which once was Alexander Tail^eour's, nine shillings; and twelve pence 
from the land of Andrew Vmfray in the Gallowgate. 

The obit of the late Sir Alexander Vocat of good memory, chaplain 
of the Altars of S. John the Baptist and S. Ninian, Confessor, whose 
anniversary shall be celebrated at the said Altar of S. John the Baptist 
yearly for ever on the second Sunday after Easter, with a sung mass 
and trenthal throughout the week following for the soul of the said late 
Sir Alexander. Moreover, the chaplains of the College of S. Nicholas 
shall place the usual table on the monument, find lights, and per- 
form all other things incumbent for an anniversary of this kind. 
For which the said chaplains are infeft in an annual rent of ten shillings 
from the lands following, vi^. : From the land once Walter Thomsone's 
in the Gallowgate, on the west side thereof, five shillings ; from James 
Collistoun's land, which once was James Robertsone's, on the same side 
of the said street, forty pence ; and from John Collisoun's land, where 
John Malisone lives, on the same side of the said street, twenty 
pence. 

■ 

The obits of the late Philip Dunbrek and Agnes Duncansone, his 
spouse, whose anniversary shall be celebrated annually at the Altar of 



OBITS AND ANNIVERSARIES. 20I 

S. Martin on the Sunday immediately after the Feast of S. Michael the 
Archangel, with a sung mass and trenthal of masses throughout the week 
following, by the chaplains of the college of Abirdeen for the souls of the 
said Philip and Agnes, their parents, and all the faithful dead. For 
which the said chaplains are infeft in an annual rent of ten shillings 
from the land of the late Lawrence Thomsone in the Netherkirkgate, 
on the south side thereof, between the land of the late George Bisset on 
the east, and a waste land ... on the west, and the foreland of S. 
Ann, the Mother of Mary, on the north.^ 

The obit of the late Marjory Fechat of good memory, wife of the 
late John Huchosone, butcher, burgess of Abirdene, whose anniversary 
shall be celebrated annually at the Altar of S. Michael the Archangel, 
on the twentieth day of November for ever, with a sung requiem mass 
and trenthal throughout the week following, for the souls of the said 
Marjory and John. Moreover, the collector of the chaplains for the 
time being shall place the usual table upon the monument, find lights, 
and perform all things necessary for anniversaries of this kind. For 
which the said chaplains are infeft in an annual rent of thirteen shillings 
and fourpence, Scots, from the land of Alexander (son) of Matthew in 
the Gallowgate of the said burgh, on the west side thereof, between the 
land of Walter Wod on the north, and the land of the late Christin ^ 
Litster on the south, the king's highway on the east, and the loch of the 
said burgh on the west. 

To all who shall see or hear this charter John Wormet, burgess 
of the burgh of Abirdenn, (wisheth) eternal health in the Lord. Since 
we shall all stand before the judgment-seat of our Lord Jesus Christ 
to receive whether good or evil according as in this world we have 
deserved, therefore is it expedient to prevent the day of final judgment 
with works of mercy, so that in heaven we may reap with multiplied 
fruit the things which we have sown on earth ; therefore know that I, 
in honour of Almighty God, of the most Blessed Virgin Mary, and of 

1 There is a marginal note as follows : Produced 20th January, 1533, in mode of proof 
in the case of the chaplains of S. Nicholas against James Mar, and admitted {recognitum) by 
William Rolland and Mr. Thomas Annand from the oath of Arthur Hay. 

' Chrisimus, a man's name — probably Christian. 

CC 



302 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

all saints, for the salvation of my soul, and the souls of Isabella Crichtoan, 
my present wife, of the late Annabella Kintor, my first wife, of our 
children, parents, benefactors, those of whom with too scant justice I 
got any good thing, and of all the faithful dead, have given ... to 
the curate and chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of S. 
Nicholas of the said burgh all and whole that croft or land of mine with 
its pertinents lying within the said burgh in the croft-lands of Futy, 
between the land of the late William Cryne on the south, the land of 
the Carmelite Friars of the same burgh on the north ; extending on one 
side to the king's highway on the west, (and) to ** The Cuttingis " on 
the east • . . the said curate and chaplains . . . celebrating 
annually at the Altar of S. John the Evangelist within the said church 
an anniversary for the salvation of my soul and the souls aforesaid, viz., 
the office of the dead, with Placebo and Dirige^ on the Saturday after 
the Assumption of the most Blessed Virgin Mary (August 15) following, 
and singing on the Sunday thereafter a sung mass, with private masses 
throughout the week following. Moreover, the chaplains' collector 
shall cause the crier of the said burgh to go round the burgh calling 
(men) to prayer for the salvation of my soul and the souls aforesaid ; 
he shall place a table on the monument, cover it with a decent pall, find 
lights, and all things customary in such anniversaries. ... In 
testimony whereof my seal is appended to this charter, and the seal of 
an honourable man, John Rattre, one of the baillies of the said burgh, 
and giver of sasine of the said croft. At Abirdenn, the last day of July, 
1506, before men prudent and of good repute: Mr. Dauid Menzeis, 
William Wormet, Sir Walter Blair, Alexander Blair, Sir William 
Muresoun, Curate of Abirdenn ; William Scrimgeour, sergeant ; and 
Sir John Stirueling, notary-public. 

The obit of the late Alexander Menzes of good memoiy ; Elizabeth 
Leslie, his spouse ; Gilbert Menzes, his grandfather ; and Andrew, his 
father, shall be celebrated annually by the chaplains of the choir of the 
Church of S. Nicholas of Aberdeen on the Feast of All Saints (ist 
November) at the Altar of S. Sebastian the Martyr, with the office of 
the dead, Placebo and Dirige, on the vigil of the said feast, a sung mass 
sung on the day, and a trenthal throughout the week, as the custom 
is. And the collector for the time being shall place a table on the 



FOUNDATION OF LAMP— PROVOST ALEXANDER MENZES. 203 

monument decently covered, as the custom is, and find wax lights at the 
expense of the chaplains. For which they are infeft in twenty shillings 
from a certain croft now pertaining to Andrew Murray, senior. 

The obit of the late Andrew Branch of good memory and his spouse 
shall be celebrated yearly by the chaplains of the college of S. Nycholas 
of Abirdene on the Sunday immediately before the Ascension of our 
Lord at the Altar of S. Sebastian the Martyr, with sung mass and 
trenthal throughout the week following, for which the said chaplains 
are infeft in ten shillings, viz.: from the land formerly Walter 
Mam's six and eight pence, and from Matthew Branch's land forty 
pence. 



CIX. 

Foundation of a Lamp by Provost Alexander Menzes. 24/A September, 

1498.* (Translation.) 

An honourable man. Sir Alexander Menzes, then Provost of the 
burgh of Abirden, on the 24th day of September, 1498, after the act of 
the Dedication of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of this burgh, 
solemnly celebrated by the reverend father in Christ and lord, the Lord 
William, by Divine mercy Bishop of Aberdeen, enriched the said church 
by founding, in honour of Almighty God, the Glorious Virgin Mary, S. 
Nicholas, our patron, and the whole heavenly court, a lamp hanging at 
the High Altar before the venerable Sacrament, to remain in all time 
coming, burning night and day for his soul and the souls of his parents, 
predecessors, and successors, as is contained at greater length in the 
deed of foundation. For the maintaining of which lamp the foresaid 
Alexander infeft the chaplain of the Altar of S. Sebastian the Martyr, 
and his successors in an annual rent of three pounds, from the lands of 



* The charter of the ibandation of this lamp is written before, on the thirtieth leaf of this 
book, (NoU in Chartulary.) See No. XLII. That charter, however, does not contain the 
intcreiting note of the occasion of the gift, the Dedication of the enlarged Chnrch. In the 
charter Menxeia, here called Provoat, is styled Alderman of Aberdeen. 



204 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Balmady, as is contained fully more in the charters drawn op thereon, 
confirmed by the superior,^ and mortified by our Sovereign Lord the 
King. And may his soul rest in peace. Amen. 



ex. 

Foundation of a Requiem Mass at the A Itar of S. Maty for Sir William 

Elphinstone, Parson of Clat. {Translation.) 

A VBNBRABLB man. Sir William Elphinstone, Parson of Clat, 
founded a requiem mass to be celebrated at the Altar of the glorious Virgin 
Mary every Monday in all time coming, for the salvation of his soul, 
and the souls of his parents, benefactors, and all the faithful departed. 
For which the chaplains of the choir of S. Nicholas of the said buigh 
are infeft in an annual rent of twenty shillings from an outer land ' of 
the late Andrew Ackin's lying in the angle of the Shiprow as it goes 
up to the Castle Street, between the land of Gilbert Waus of Many on 
the east, the public king's highway on the west, the land of the Altar of 
SS. George the Martyr and Thomas the Apostle on the north, and the 
common king's highway on the south.' 



CXI. 

Disposal of Land to John Simsoun by the Curate and Chaplains, yth 

January^ I50|. {Abstract) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, the curate and chaplains 
of the choir of the Parish Church of the burgh of Abirdenn (wish) 
eternal health in the Lord. Know that we, with the assent and con- 
sent of Christina Meldrum, widow, having pre-tenancy of the land under- 
written, have feued ... to our beloved John Simsoun all and whole 
that outer land of ours, with its pertinents, entirely waste and uninhabited, 

> Alexander, Earl of Bnchan. 

* Gilbert Chrytte's land. Thta xu. it payes, and y)i. viij^. mair. (Note in the Chartmlary^ 
in a different band from the deed.) 

* So in the CharhUaryt but there seems to be a misplacement ai north and south. 



CHARTER OF JOHN MAIR. 20$ 

lying within the said burgh in the Gallowgate, on the west side thereof, 
between the land of the chaplains of the Cathedral of Abirdeen on the 
south, and the land of the late John Myln on the north, the public king's 
highway on the east, and the inner land of the said tenement on the 
west . . . the said John paying annually to the said Cristina during 
the term of her life an annual rent of eight shillings, Scots . . . and 
after her decease the same annual rent to us and our successors, to be 
paid half-yearly. . . . Reserving, however, free ingress to, and egress 
from, the said inner tenement through the front entry. . . . Moreover, 
know that we have obliged ourselves by those presents ... to preserve 
the said inner land and the inhabitants thereof exempt . . . from all 
other annual rents for ever. . . . In testimony whereof our common 
seal, and the seal of an honourable man, John Rattre, one of the baillies 
of the said burgh, and giver of sasine of the said land, are appended at 
Abirdenn, 7th January, 1505, before witnesses of prudence and repute : 
John CuUan, James Colisoun, Duncan Colisoun, Henry Reid, William 
King, burgesses ; John Cuk, sergeant ; and John Stirueling, notary- 
publia 



CXII. 

Charter of John Mair,^ founding an Anniversary at the Altar of S. Mary. 

26th March, I538. (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, John Mair, senior, burgess 
of Abirdene, (wisheth) eternal health. . . . Therefore know that 
I, in honour of Almighty God, of the most Blessed Virgin Mary, and of 
all the saints of the heavenly court, for the salvation of my soul, of the 
souls of Margaret Moir my wife, of our children, parents, and benefactors, 
of all from whom we have received any good things with too scant 
justice, and of all the faithful dead, have given ... to the chaplains 
of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene all and 
whole my annual rents, vi2. : One annual rent of mine of twenty 

1 He aeemt to have been the Founder also of an Altar of S. Mary, which is described as 
having been fiwnded fot his soul and the souls herein mentioned. 



206 CHARTULARY OP SAINT NICHOLAS. 

shillings, Scots, due from a burgage land, with its pertinents, lying on 
the south side of the Shiprow of the said burgh, between the land of the 
late John Blak on the east and the land of the community of the burgh 
of Abirdene on the west, the public king's highway on the north, and 
the Trinity Bum on the south. Also one annual rent of mine of eight 
shillings, Scots, from the burgage land l3ring on the west side of the 
Gallowgate of the said bur]gh, between the land of William Mathow on 
the north, the land of the late William Mill on the south, and the 
public king's highways on the east and west ... to be held 
... by the said chaplains and their successors of the chapter of the 
said choir. • . • The said chaplains shall celebrate yearly for ever 
an anniversary as follows: The office of the dead, with Placebo and 
DirigCf on the Saturday immediately before the second Sunday in Lent 
during the term of my life, and aiter my decease on the day of my 
departure, and a sung mass on the Sunday immediately following, with 
a trenthal of masses throughout the week thereafter as the custom is, 
at the Altar of the most Blessed Virgin Mary within the Parish Church 
of S Nicholas of Abirden, founded for the salvation of my soul and the 
souls aforesaid. Moreover, the collector shall distribute the foresaid 
annual rents as follows : To the crier with the handbell going round the 
said town on the night of the office to invite the people to pray for the 
salvation of the souls aforesaid, two pence; and to the sacrist, for tolling the 
bells of the said church three times at the office on the said Saturday, and 
likewise at the mass on the Sunday following, fourteen pence. Likewise 
the said collector for the time being shall place a comely table on my 
monument, and cover the same with a decent pall or coverlet, he shall 
find wax lights, in a respectable fashion as is fit, for which he shall take 
to himself two shillings. And annually on the day of the office he shall 
set apart four shillings to the more needy poor. And the rest of this 
anniversary — viz., twenty shillings and eight pence — he shall distribute 
and pay into the hands of the said chaplains for the foresaid duties on 
the day of the office. And all this yearly for ever. . . • Dauid Ander- 
soun, one of the baillies of the said burgh and giver of sasine hereon, 
at Abirdene, 26th March, 1538, before men prudent and discreet : Sir 
Robert Spark, Andrew Waus, chaplains; William Paul; Alexander 
Key, sergeant; and Mr. John Nicholsoun, notary-public, with divers 
others. 



SALE OF LAND BY CURATE AND CHAPLAINS. 20/ 

CXIII. 

SaU of Land by the Curaie and Chaplains. 20th Jidy, 1507. (AbstracL) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, the curate and chaplains 
of the choir of the Parish Church of the burgh of Abirdenn (wish) 
eternal health in the Lord. Know that we have given ... in feu 
. . . to John Watson, burgess, our land lying within the said burgh 
in the Gallowgate, on the west side thereof, between the land of the 
chaplains of the Cathedral of Abirdeen on the south, and the land of 
John Mylne on the north, the public king's highway on the west, and 
John Symsone's land on the east ... to be held by the said John 
and Elizabetht Hay, his wife, and the longer liver of those, in joint 
feu, and ... to his heirs and assigns whatsoever . . . the said John 
and Elizabeth, his wife . . . paying to us and our successors an 
annual rent of sixteen shillings, ahd to the heirs of the late John, the 
son of Stephen, or his assigns, an annual rent of iive shillings and four 
pence, and to the perpetual chaplain of the Altar of S. Lawrence the 
Martjrr founded within the said Parish Church an annual rent of six 
shillings and eight pence, and to the perpetual chaplain of the Altar of 
S. Peter, founded within the same by the late Vicar of Inuemigy * of 
good memory, one annual rent of six shillings, Scots,' payable half- 
yearly. . . . With this condition, that they shall keep up the said 
land in a sufficient manner in roof, walls, and other necessaries, and 
preserve it distrainable for payment o( the above annual rent ; and if 
they fail in such upkeep and repair as shall seem sufficient at the sight 
or inspection of us or our successors by the space of forty days after 
they, or its possessor, shall have been warned by us or our successors. 
. . . In testimony whereof, our common seal, and the seal of an 
honourable man, John Colisone, one of the baillies of the said burgh 
and giver of sasine hereon, are appended at Abirdene, 20th July, 1507, 
before witnesses of honour and repute : Andrew Cullan, Provost ; Robert 

^ Perhaps Archdeacon Lawrence Pyot {cf. XXXV.). The altar waa further endowed 
in 145I by Thomas BUnaeill, burgess of Aberdeen, and by the munificent Duncan Scherar, 
Parson of CUtt (cf, Nos. XXVIL, XXXV., and LXIL). 

' xvii., VI. iiijJ., vjs. viijJ., vji., all sett in few to Androw Jack, now pertaining to Jon 
Robertson, Chapeltoun, fee xxvj<. viij<i., because ye same land was Wast in a Lathcraye in 
use of payment of ye sindry merks. (Not$ in th$ Ckartulary») 



208 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Hilly Mr. Gavin Leslie, Sir John Reid, John Litster, and Mr. Robert 
Mason, chaplains ; Patrick Adamsone, (and) John Glassinwricht, bur- 
gesses; Andrew Nauchtj and John Cuk, sergeants; and Sir John 
Stinieling, notary-public. 

CXIV. 

Charter of Four Shillings from the land of William Gareauch lying in 
the Gallowgate^ and given by Robert Blinseill to the Altar of S. 
Ninian^ within the Parish Church of Aberden. 21st October, 1495. 
(Abstract.) 

To all . . . Robert Blinseill, burgess of Abirdene, ... in 
.honour of Almighty God, the glorious Virgin Mary, SS. Lawrence and 
Ninian, and all saints ... for the salvation of the souls of the late 
Henry Leitht, his parents, and those named in his foundation . . . has 
given ... to Sir John Leithe, perpetual chaplain ... at the Altar 
ofSS. Lawrence and Ninian, . . . an annual rent offour shillings, Scots, 
. . . from the land of William Gareauch on the east side of the 
Gallowgate, between John Duncanson's land on the south, and the late 
John Mathesoun's land on the north ... in full payment of an 
annual rent of four shillings due to the said chaplaincy, as it is asserted, 
from my land on the east side of the Gallowgate, between Alexander 
Logy*s on the north, and the king's highways on the east and south. 
Attested, 21st October, 1495, by the seal of Andrew Cullan, senior, one 
of the baillies, before witnesses: Forsy Dauesone, James Kennerty, 
junior, Thomas Hatmaker, John Fechat, burgesses ; Andrew Nauchty, 
sergeant ; and Sir John Stirueling, notary-public, etc. 

cxv. 

The Foundation of Margarete Craufurd of an anniversary for Alexander 

Reid of Pitfoddek. {Large A bstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Margaret Craufurd, the 
relict of the late Alexander Rede ^ of Petfodellis, (wisheth) eternal health 

^ This was the Provost Reid whose portrait in the session-house of S. Nicholas gave such 
offence to the Cromweilians, and on their representation was removed as "smelling of 
popene 



FOUNDATION OF MARGARET CRAUFURD. 2og 

in the Lord. Whereas we shall all stand before the judgment-seat of 
our Lord Jesus Christ to receive according as we have done in the 
body whether it be good or whether it be evil, therefore it is expedient 
to prevent with works of mercy the day of final judgment, so that we 
may reap in heaven with multiplied fruit the things which we have 
sown on earth. Therefore, know that I, for the salvation of my soul, 
and the soul of the late Alexander Rede of Petfodellis, our parents, 
benefactors, and those from whom we received any good things with 
too scant justice, and of all the faithful departed, in honour of Almighty 
God, the most Blessed Virgin Mary, S. Nicholas, S. Christopher the 
Martyr, and all the celestial citizens, have given ... to discreet 
and learned men, the curate and chaplains of the choir of the Parish 
Church of the said burgh, all and whole my annual rent of twenty shillings, 
Scots, recovered of my own gains, payable from the sale of that whole 
and entire inner land of Dauid Theman's, goldsmith, burgess of the said 
burgh, lying within the same in the Castle Street, on the south side 
thereof, between the lands of Richard Vricht, William Rolland, and 
the late John Sanclare^ on the east, and the land of the late John' 
Vormet on the west, (and) the land of Thomas Vauss on the north, 
extending in length to the Trinity Bum on the south, to be held . . . 
by the said curate and chaplains of the said choir from me and my heirs 
in pure and perpetual alms. . • . For which annual rent the said 
curate and chaplains and their successors shall annually celebrate and 
sing an anni^rersary at the Altar of S. Christopher the Martyr, situated 
within the same chiu'ch, viz., the office of the dead on the first 
Saturday of March, and a sung mass on the Sunday following, 
with a trenthal of other masses, as the custom is, throughout the 
week during my lifetime, for the soul of the said late Alexander Rede, 
the souls of my parents, and of all the faithful departed. Moreover, the 
collector of the same chaplains for the time being shall send the crier 
through the whole town with the smaller bell on the day of the said 
office to incite the people to pray for the salvation of the souls afore- 
said ; he shall place and set a table on the monument (of) the aforesaid, 
and cover it with a pall or decent covering, find wax lights, adding 
the prayers that are usual in such anniversaries, and causing the 

1 The spelling is intermediate between Saint Clare and the usual modem form, Sinclair. 

DD 



210 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

sacristan to toll the customary bells of the said church three times at 
the office and three times at the great mass, as the custom is, and pay- 
ing for the said anniversary at the time of the celebration of the office, 
the sung mass, and the other masses the said sum to the curate and 
chaplains aforesaid. And after my decease the said curates and 
chaplains, on the day of my departure, annually, every year in all 
time coming, shall sing and celebrate one sung mass at the altar before 
which I happen to be buried, with a trenthal of other masses throughout 
the week following, for the salvation of my soul, and the souls of my 
parents, benefactors, and those from whom I received any good thing 
with too scant justice, and all the faithful departed. And they shall sing 
and celebrate the other mass at the foresaid Altar of S. Christopher the 
Martyr, on the foresaid Sunday after the departure of the said Alexander 
Rede for the salvation of his soul, and the souls of his parents, bene- 
factors, all from whom he received any good things with too scant 
justice, and all the faithful departed. ... In testimony whereof 
my seal and the seal of an honourable man, Dauid Mare, one of the 
baillies of the said burgh, and giver of sasine of the said annual rent to 
Sir William Couper, collector and procurator in name of the said 
chaplains, are appended at the said burgh, 8th June, 1508, before men 
of honour and repute : James Collisoun, Alexander Gray, Charles 
Stewinson, burgesses ; Sirs John Reide, (and) Dauide Liell, chaplains ; 
Norman Leslie, sergeant ; and Sir John Stirueling, notary-public. 



CXVI. 

The Rental and Addition of Obits and Anniversaries assigned to the Curate 
and Chaplains of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene by the 
late noble, prudent, reputable, and discreet men of good memory here 
following. 150^. (Translation,) 

The obit of the late Alexander Reid of Petfodellis of good memory, 
sometime provost of this burgh, who died the next to the last day of 
February in the year 1506, and of Margaret Craufurd, his spouse, 
founded by the said Margaret after the death of the same Alexander. 
The anniversary of these two shall be celebrated annually at the Altar 
of S. Christopher on the Sunday after the ist of March, with Placebo and 



OBITS AND ANNIVERSARIES. 211 

Dirige on the Saturday preceding, a sung mass on the Sunday, and 
trenthal of masses throughout the week by the curate and chaplains of 
the same college. And the collector of the said chaplains for the time 
being shall cause the crier with the smaller bell to go round the whole 
town on the said Saturday (calling) to prayer for the foresaid souls; 
shall place a table on their monument, cover the same with a decent 
pall, and find wax lights. And the sacristan shall cause toll (the 
bells) of the said burgh thrice at the office and thrice at the sung 
requiem mass, as the use is. Moreover, the said curate and chaplains 
shall sing and celebrate another sung mass with another trenthal of 
masses after the decease of the said Margaret at the altar where she 
happens to be buried, as is contained at more length on the preceding 
leaf. For which the said curate and chaplains are infeft in an annual 
rent of twenty shillings from the land of Dauid Theman, goldsmith in 
the Castle Street. 

The obit of the late John Wormet of good memory, and Isabella 
Crichtone, his second wife, and Annabella Kintor, his former wife, 
whose anniversary shall be celebrated annually by the curate and 
chaplains of the college of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of the said 
burgh at the Altar of S. John the Evangelist, in the manner following, 
viz.: The office of the dead, v/ith. Placebo and Dirige on the Saturday 
after the Feast of the Assumption of the glorious Virgin Mary, a sung 
mass on the morrow, with other private masses throughout the week. 
And the collector of the chaplains shall cause the crier, with the smaller 
bell, to go through the whole town on the said Saturday, so that the 
people may be incited to pray for the souls aforesaid ; he shall place a 
table on the monument, and find lights only. For which anniversary 
they are infeft in a croft lying in the croftlands of Futy, as is contained 
in the charter on the fifth leaf preceding. * 

The obit of a man, good and of good repute, Alexander Gray, and 
Elizabeth Hay, his wife> whose anniversary shall be annually celebrated 
by the curate and chaplains of the college at the Altar of S. Barbara 
the Virgin, lately founded by the said Alexander, in the manner follow- 
ing : The office of the dead, with Placebo and Dirige^ on the Eve of S. 
Ninian, and a sung mass on S. Ninian's Day (September i6), with a 



212 CHARTUIARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS, 

trenthal of other masses throughout the week. And the collector of the 
said chaplains for the time being shall cause the crier of the said burgh to 
go round the whole burgh with the handbell (calling) to prayer for the souls 
aforesaid. And the sacristan of the foresaid church shall cause the usual 
bells to be tolled three times at the office and three times at the sung 
mass, as the custom is, as is contained more fully in the foundation of 
the said Alexander in a preceding part of this register.^ For which they 
are infeft in twenty shillings from lands named in the said charter. 
And the collector shall pay the said sum to the chaplains present at the 
said anniversary, and to no other. 

The obit of the late Andrew Murray, senior, of good memory, and 
of • • . * his wife, whose anniversary shall be celebrated yearly on the 
first Sunday after the Feast of Pentecost' at the Altar of S. Salvator 
founded by the said Andrew, in manner following, viz. : The office of the 
dead on the Saturday preceding, and a sung mass on the morrow, with 
trenthal throughout the week for the souls of the aforesaid. And the 
collector shall place a table on the monument, and cover it with a seemly 
pall, and find wax lights ; and he shall cause the sacristan to toll the 
usual bells, and the crier to go round the whole town with the handbell, 
so that the people may be incited to pray for the souls aforesaid. For 
which they are infeft in an annual rent of twenty-four shillings from 
half a net at the Fords (of Dee), as is contained more fully in his 
foundation in the chest in the porch. 

The obit of a venerable man, Sir John Waus, and Dauid Waus, his 
brother-german, whose anniversary shall be celebrated yearly on Quin- 
quagesima Sunday at the Altar of S. Martin in manner following, viz. : 
The office of the dead shall be celebrated on the Saturday preceding, 
with Placebo and Dirige, and a sung mass on the morrow, with a trenthal 
of masses throughout the week following, for the salvation of the souls 
aforesaid during the life of the said Sir John, and after his decease on 
the Sunday following (the date thereof) as aforesaid. And the collector 
for the time being shall place a comely table on the monument, and 
cover it with a comely pall, and find lights and wax, as the custom is, 

^ See No. LXI. p. 97. * The space for the lady*8 name is blank in the Chartulary, 

* Trinity Sunday. 



FOUNDATION OF MR. JOHN BAIDENAGH. 2I3 

and cause the sacrist solemnly to toll the usual bells, for which fourteen 
pence are founded ; and the crier^ with the handbell, to go round the 
whole burgh, that the people may be incited to pray for the souls afore- 
said, for which two pence are founded. Twenty-two shillings are infeft 
to (sic) to the vicar, curate, and chaplains of the college from fields or 
roods of land at Inrury, and from the houses (of) Cromy now the 
chaplains', as is contained more fully in the charter. And the said Sir 
John wisheth always that distribution be made to those present only, 
and nothing to the absent, as they wish to answer in the day of judg- 
ment before the most high Judge. 

The obit of a venerable man, Mr. Robert Maissoun, shall be cele- 
brated on the i8th of March, 1523, in manner following, viz.: The 
collector in office for the time being shall place a seat^ with six lights, 
for which he shall have sixteen pence, and he shall pay the sacrist 
eight pence, and the town crier two pence. And the collector shall pay 
into the hands of the chaplains of the college, from the land of (the 
Altar of) S. Stephen, lying near that end of the Gallpwgate by which 
you go round by the Shiprow to the public market-place, sixteen shillings 
and eight pence, in full payment of a sung requiem mass, and thirty-two 
masses throughout the week following, bought for ever by George 
Bissat, the executor of the said Mr. Robert. 



CXVII. 

The Foundation of Mr, John Baidenagh. {A bstracU) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Mr. John Baidenagh, 
Vicar of Gammery, the son and heir of the late Patrick Baidenagh of 
good memory, burgess of Abirdene, (wisheth) eternal health in the Lord. 
Know that I, in honour of Almighty God, of the most Blessed Virgin 
Mary, of S. John the Baptist, and all the holy citizens above, for the 
salvation of my soul, of the souls of my father and mother, and for the 
salvation of the soul of the late Duncan Lowdon, and of all my friends, 
predecessors, and successors, and the souls of all God's faithful people 
departed, have given ... in pure and perpetual alms to my beloved 

> Sfabillum, perhaps bench. 



214 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

brethren, the curate and chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of 
S. Nicholas of the burgh of Aberdene, an annual rent of twenty-four 
shillings, Scots, due to me from the land of John Matelland, indweller 
of the said burgh, lying in the lower street of the said burgh by which 
you go to the Church of S. Nicholas (the Netherkirkgate) between the 
land of the late Andrew Murisoun on the east, and my own proper land 
next and contiguous to the said land of John Matelland going down to 
the bum that flows across it on the west, the common king's highway 
by which one goes down to the said bum on the north, and the land of 
Robert Kennerty on the south of the same land, to be held in pure alms 
... by the said curate and chaplains of the choir of the said Parish 
Church and their successors, the chaplains of the said choir for ever . . . 
for which the said curate and chaplains, and their successors for ever, 
are bound, as they shall be answerable before the g^eat Judge, to cele- 
brate every week so long as I live a Mass of the Commemoration of the 
most Blessed Virgin Mary at the Altar of S. John the Baptist, situated 
in the said Parish Church of S. Nicholas, with a collect for my prosperity 
and salvation so long as I live prosperous and safe among men ; and 
after my death and migration from this world they shall be held (bound) 
to celebrate annually and for ever, for the salvation of my soul, and the 
souls of my father and mother, and all the persons aforesaid, at the 
said Altar of S. John Baptist, one anniversary, viz. : The office of the 
dead, with Placebo and Dirige on the Saturday before the Sunday next 
to and immediately preceding the solemnity and festival of All Saints 
(November i), and shall cause to be sung on that Sunday a sung Mass 
of Eternal Rest, with private masses by the chaplains of the said choir 
throughout the week following. Moreover, the collector of the said 
chaplains for the time being shall cause the crier to go through and 
round the said burgh with the hand-bell, to signify to the people the said 
anniversary to be celebrated on the morrow, and shall place a table or 
settle (sedile) on the monument covered with a seemly decking {amatu), 
with lights, wax and others, as has been the custom to be done in 
similar anniversaries. And the sacristan, as the manner is, shall cause 
toll (the bells) before they begin to sing the Mass of Etemal Rest, so 
that the faithful in Christ may convene the more readily through the 
tolling of the bells to pray for the salvation of my soul and the souls of 
all the faithful dead. . . . Moreover, know that I, for the salvation of 



OBIT or MR. JOHN BAIDENAGH. 21 5 

my souli the souls of my father and mother, of Duncan Lowden, and 
all the faithful dead, have given ... in pure alms ... to the said 
curate and chaplains that land of mine lying in the Netherkirkgate of 
the said burgh, between the land of John Matelland, near it on the east, 
and the bum running down on the west, Robert Kennerty's land on the 
south, and the common king's highway going down to the said burgh on 
the north, to be held ... by the foresaid curate and chaplains . . . the 
said curate and chaplains and their successors rendering to our Lrord 
the King the service due and customary from the said land, and paying 
annually to the burgesses and community of the burgh of Aberdene six 
shillings and eight pence, Scots . . . and if there is any residue from the 
rents, fruits, income, or perquisites of the said land yearly, this the fore- 
said chaplains shall receive for their use and advantage for prayers and 
suffrages in behalf of my soul and the souls aforesaid to be made every 
year for ever. ... In testimony whereof my seal, along with the seal 
of an honourable man, Thomas Waus, one of the baillies of Aberdene 
and giver of sasine of the foresaid annual rent and land to the venerable 
man. Sir David Waus, Master of the Hospital of S. Thomas the Martyr 
of Aberdene, the collector for the time being of the foresaid curate and 
chaplains, into whose hands he had lawfully resigned the said annual 
rents and land, is appended at Aberdene, 20th July, 1512, before these 
witnesses, men venerable and discreet : Mr. Edward Cunnynghame, 
parson of Cusny ^ ; Mr. David Menzes, Mr. Thomas Chamour, Sir John 
Waus, Sir William Philpsoun, John Matelland, and' Gilbert Prestoun, 
sergeant of the burgh of Aberdene, with divers other witnesses called to 
the acts aforesaid. 

CXVIII. 

The Obit of Mr. John Baidenagh. (Translation.) 

The obit of Mr. John Baidenagh, Vicar of Gamery, whose anni- 
versary shall be celebrated yearly and for ever by the curate and chaplains 
of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of the burgh of 
Aberdene at the Altar of S. John the Baptist, situated in the said church, 
on the Sunday next to and immediately preceding the solemnity and 

1 Cttshney, now united with Leochel, in the Presbytery of Alford. 



2l6 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

festival of All Saints, in manner following, viz. : The office of the dead, 
with Placebo and Dirige on the Saturday preceding, and a sung mass on 
the Sunday itself, with other private masses throughout the week. And 
the collector of the chaplains shall cause the crier with the handbell to 
go through the whole burgh on the said Saturday, that the people may 
be incited to pray for the souls of the founders ; he shall place a table 
or settle on the monument, and find lights, as is contained more fully 
in the preceding charter. For which anniversary to be celebrated for 
ever they are infeft in twenty-four shillings yearly, to be drawn from the 
land of John Matelland lying in the Netherkirkgate of Aberdene, as 
more fully expressed in the preceding charter. 



CXIX. 

Foundation of George Quhytte — Altar of S* John Baptist, 27th March, 

1542. (Abstract.)^ 

In the Name of God, Amen. By this public instrument let it be 
evident to all that in the year of the Incarnation of our Lord, 1542, the 
27th of March, the fifteenth indiction, the eighth year of the pontificate 
of the most holy father in Christ and lord, the Lord Paul III., by 
Divine providence Pope, there compeared personally before me, a 
notary-public, and the witnesses undemoted, an honest man, Geoige 
Quhytte, burgess of Abirdene, (and) obliged himself by the faith he held, 
his heirs, executors, and assigns to the real and effectual payment 
to a discreet man. Sir Alexander Leslye, perpetual chaplain of the 
Altar of S. John the Baptist, founded within the Parish Church of S. 
Nicholas of Abirdene, one annual rent of sixteen shillings . . . from 
all and whole that land of his which formerly was John Durwart's, 
lying in the Netherkirkgate of the said burgh, on the south side thereof, 
between the land of Alexander Moyr, weaver, on the east, and the land 
of the late Duncan Gilruycht on the west, the public king's highway on 
the north, and the land of ... on the south, which annual rent 
was owing of old to the said chaplaincy, and now a lawsuit is pending 

> Produced before the provost and baillies of the burgh of Abirden, 9th August, 1601. 
{Noti in th$ Chariularx.) 



MR. ROBERT SCHAND— DAILY MASS AT S. ANN'S ALTAR. 217 

concerning it at the instance of the said George with the view of obtain- 
ing legal possession thereof; and for the settlement (seditione) of this 
lawsuit and controversy between the same, the said George has obliged 
himself as aforesaid to pay the same for ever to the chaplain of the said 
chaplaincy, and the said chaplain has obliged himself and his successors, 
the chaplains of the said chaplaincy, to pray and celebrate for the 
souls of the said George, his wife, parents, predecessors, children, and 
posterity for ever. Concerning all which the said chaplain prayed to 
have for himself this present public instrument from me, a notary- 
public. These things were done in the crypt of the holy (diva) Virgin 
of Piety in the Parish Church of S. Nicholas, within the burgh afore- 
said, about eleven o'clock a.m., on the year, day, month, and pontificate 
aforesaid, there being present there John Brabner, Sirs John Wrycht 
and Walter Blair, chaplains, with divers other witnesses called thereto. 
Attested by Dauid Nicholson, professor of arts and clerk of the 
community of Aberdene, and of the diocese thereof, being 
also notary-public, with apostolic authority, etc. 



cxx. 

Foundaticn of Mr. Robert Schand — Daily Mass at the Altar of S, Ann. 

12th July, 1542. \Large Abstract) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Mr. Robert Schand, 
Parson of the Parish Church of Alnais and Canon of Ross, wisheth 
eternal health in the Lord. Calling it to mind that we shall all stand 
before the judgment-seat of our Lord Jesus Christ to receive according 
as we have done in the body, whether it be good or whether it be evil, 
good is it therefore that we should anticipate that day of final judgment 
by works of ;mercy, so that we may be able to reap in heaven with multi- 
plied fruits that which (we have) dispersed * and sown in this world ; 
whereas also we believe that by means of pious prayers and the suffrages 
of masses where the Son is offered for our sins to the Father, the pains 
of purgatory are destroyed, and the souls of the dead frequently liberated 
from them and placed amid the joys of paradise — know that I, having 
revolved these things in my mind and diligently considered them, in 

^ There is no doubt a reference to Psalm cxii. 9. 

E£ 



i 



2l8 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

honour of Christ the Almighty (cunctipotetUis), of the unspotted Virgin 
the Mother of God, of S. Ann, and all the saints associated in the com- 
pany of heaven, for the salvation of my soul, and the souls of Donald 
Schand my father and Margaret Forbes my mother, of Mr. Andrew 
Porman,^ sometime Archbishop of S. Andrews, legatus natus, and also 
with the power and faculty of legate a latere ; as well as of the souls of 
the Provost, baillies, and community of the burgh of Aberdene (if they 
take good heed to the observance of what is herein set forth, and 
cause it to be done), and not less of the souls of all my benefactors and 
those from whom I received with too scant justice any good things, and 
of all the faithful dead, have given, conceded, paid over, and by this my 
present charter have confirmed ... to venerable and discreet men, the 
curate and chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of 
Abirdene, all and whole that sum of money of two hundred and forty 
merks, Scots, or in gold and silver, for the purpose of buying for, and 
appropriating to, the said chaplains and their successors, the chaplains 
of the said choir, one annual rent of twelve merks, Scots, . . . with 
which sum of two hundred and forty merks the said chaplains and their 
collector for the time being bought an annual rent of five merks from 
all and whole the lands of Waster EssintuUy* with the pertinents thereof 
lying within the shire of Kyncardin, formerly belonging to Andrew 
Murray, burgess of Abirdene ; and another annual rent of seven merks 
from the lands of the late John Cowper lying contiguous in the Nether- 
kirkgate of the said burgh on the east side thereof, between the public 
wa}rs on the north, south, and east, and the land of Thomas Andirsoun 
on the west ; extending in all to the said entire sum of twelve merks, as 
contained fully in the charters, instruments of sasine, and other evidents 
drawn up regarding them by (or for) the said chaplains. On which 
account the said curate and chaplains of the choir of the foresaid church 
and their successors shall, for the salvation of my soul and all the souls 
aforesaid, celebrate a mass at the Altar of S. Ann situated within the 

^ Andrew Forman, Bishop of Moray, 1501, Archbishop of S. Andrews, X5X4-Z522. In 
virtue of his office as Archbishop of S. Andrews, Forman was in his own province the 
Legate, or representative of the Papal Court (legatus natus) : he was also legatus a laUre — 
the representative sent from the Pope*s side, with full commission as his representative in 
Scotland. 

' In the parish of Maryculter. 



FOUNDATION OF MR. ROBERT SCHAND. 219 

foresaid Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, daily at eleven o'clock in 
the forenoon (the larger bell being first rung with eleven strokes, every 
day for ever) in manner following : Every Sunday, the Sunday mass, 
or the mass of whatever feast it may happen to be; on Monday, a 
requiem mass with this collect, " Have mercy, we beseech Thee, O 
Lord, on all the faithful dead ...'*; on Tuesday, a Mass of S. Ann 
(with the collect), " Stretch forth, O Lord, to Thy servant," * and 
" Have mercy, we beseech Thee . . . " ; on Wednesday, a Mass of 
the Holy Spirit, with the two prayers aforesaid, "Have mercy . • ." 
and "Stretch forth . . ."; on Thursday, a mass of the Body of Christ, 
with the same prayers; on Friday, a Mass of the Five Wounds of 
Christ, with the aforesaid prayers; and on Saturday, a Mass of S. 
Mary, with the aforesaid prayers, except it happen to be a double 
feast, in which case they shall celebrate (the mass) of that feast, 
retaining, however, the foresaid prayers.^ And if it happen that any 
one of the said chaplains fail in his service when he should be the 
celebFant of this mass, then the collector for the time being shall 
take the twelve pence of the chaplain so failing, and shall give them 

^ The two prayers referred to are, no doubt, (i) the collect of the ** Mass lor Benefactors 
and the SouFs health of the Living ** : — 

** Pretende, Domine, iiainulis et £ainulabus tuis dexteram coelestis auxilii ; ut te toto 

corde perquirant, et quae digne postulant assequantur. Per, etc.** 
** Stretch forth, O Lord, to Thy servants and Thine handmaids, the right hand of 
Thy heavenly help ; so that they may seek Thee with their whole heart, and 
may obtain those things which they ask worthily. Through, etc.** ; 
and (2) the collect in the " Mass for BenefiiLctors ** : — 

** Miserere, quesumus, Domine, animabus omnium benefactonun nostrorum defimc- 
torum ; et de beneficiis quae nobis largiti sunt in tenis, prtemia setema conse- 
quantur in ccelis. Per, etc." 
** Have mercy, we beseech Thee, O Lord, on the souls of all our benefiActors 
departed ; and out of the benefits which they bestowed on us in earth may 
they obtain eternal rewards in heaven. Through, etc.** 
Both coUects are in the MissaU de Arbuthnott, pp. 457 add 471. The former of the two, 
with the difference **et quae digne postulant, consequi mereantur** (that what they ask 
worthily they may be counted worthy to receive) occurs among the " Orationes ad diversa ** 
in the MissaU Ramanum. The doctrine of the latter collect is no doubt founded on our 
Lard's parable of the Unjust Steward. *' Make to yourselves friends by means of (Marg. or 
mii cf) the mammon of unrighteousness, so that, when it shall fail, they may receive you into 
the eternal tabernacles*' (S. Luke xvi. 9. Revised Version). 

' In voL L p. 248, there is a misreading of the MS., which was very indistinct, de 
rces : it ought to he die mortis. 



220 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

to another chaplain, who shall cdebrate the same mass for his turn. 
And all and each of these things shall be 'observed by the said curate 
and chaplains and their collector for the time being, and their suc- 
cessors, the chaplains of the said choir, yearly, weekly, daily, and for 
ever, inviolably, as they shall wish to answer before the great Judge in 
the day of terrible and final judgment. In faith and testimony of all 
which I, the foresaid Mr. Robert Shand, have signed my present charter 
of foundation with my own hand, and have sealed it with my own seal, 
along with the signs manual of the foresaid curate and chaplains for the 
time being. At Abirdene, 12th July, 1542, before witnesses, men honour- 
able, prudent, and discreet : Thomas Menzes, then Provost of the said 
burgh ; David Andersoun, Alexander Ruyerfurd, Andrew Menkes, Mr. 
John Gordoun, bailies of the said burgh ; Sir Patrick Stevinsone, Sir 
Dauid Loremar, chaplains; Mr. Dauid Nicholsoune, Mr. John Nichol- 
son, and Mr. John Kennedy, notaries-public, with divers others. 

DofuUion of a Chaliu to the Altar ofS. Ann. 20th February , 1549. 

Thb same day a venerable man, Mr. Robert Schand, parson of 
Alnais and chaplain of the Altar of S. Ann within the Parish Church 
of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, gifted to the said altar a silver chalice 
weighing thirty-two ounces well gilt ; provided that this chalice should 
always be in the custody of the Provost and baillies of Abirden, in the 
charter-house of the said church, so that it may be alwa3rs ready for use 
by whatever chaplain is to celebrate at the said altar.^ Witnesses: 
Thomas Menkes, Provost of Abirdene ; Mr. Robert Lumisden, Alexander 
Ruyerfurd, Dauid Mar, Dauid Andersoun, Mr. John Nicholsoun, and 
Mr. John Kennedy, notaries-public, with divers others. (Signed by) Mr. 
Robert Schand, with my own hand : Sir John Waus, Edward Menzes, 
Sir John CoUisoun, Sir Robert Spark, Mr. Andrew CuUan, Sir Alexander 
Robertson, Sir William Wallias, Sir Alexander Anderson, Mr. John 
Kennedy. 

^ Curiously enough, the Communion plate belonging to the Churches of S. Nicholas, 
with the exception of vessels recently presented, is still in the custody of the Town Coonctl. 
Since the demolition of the old chapter-house, in 1838, there has been no suitable place for its 
preservation in the Church, and it is now kept in the Town-house, and sent to the Churches 
when required. 



SALE OF LAND TO DONALD LYNDSEY. 221 

CXXI. 

SaU of Land to Donald Lyndsey by the Provost-C urate and Chaplains, ist 

September, 1545. (Abstract) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, the provost-curate^ and 
chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene 
(wish) eternal health of the Lord ; know that we, our advantage herein 
and that of our successors having been foreseen and diligently considered, 
and certain reasonable causes moving us hereto, and notably for 
the augmentation of our annual rental, and the good estate (policea) of 
the kingdom in the building and repair of waste lands, being met in 
chapter within our chapter-house, have with one consent and assent, 
given ... to feu and heirship ... to an honest man, Donald Lyndsey, 
shoemaker, indweller in the burgh of Abirdene, and his heirs and 
assigns, all and whole that land of ours with its pertinents lying within 
the said burgh in the Nethirkirkgate between the land of Robert 
Wschart on the west, the land of Thomas Chalmer on the east, the 
land of Thomas Lamyuntoun on the north, and th'e public king's high- 
way on the south ... to be held by the said Donald Lindsay . • . 
from us, of our Sovereign Lady Queen Mary, the most illustrious 
Princess of Scots,^ and her successors the kings or queens of Scotland 
... in free burgage for ever . . . the said Donald, his heirs and assigns 
paying thence^ to us and our successors the chaplains of the said choir 
the sum of ten shillings, Scots, annually ... in name of feu-farm. . . • 

^ The provost and curate are one and the same person. The vicarage of S. Nicholas' 
Church, with all and sundry the fruits, oblations, and rents thereof, use and wont, on the 25th 
March, 2540 (five years prior to the date of this deed), were given by William Gordon, 
Bishop of Aberdeen; with consent of the dean and chapter, to the college of the chaplains of 
S. Nicholas* Church and their successors, for the sustentation of a provost to serve perpetu- 
ally in the said Church, which was to be called in all time thereafter a Provostry (as other 
Collegiate Churches were). From the days of Pope Adrian IV. (1x57) the Church of S. 
Nicholas had 'been a vicarage, with the bishop as rector. After the Reformation, the Town 
(Council took possession of the vicarage, and on zath January, z6x^, the original deed of 
mortification was given in to the Council by the town-clerk, and entered among the *' town's 
evidents ". (Bxiracts from thi Burgh Records, ii. 320.) 

* Compare her son's title, " The most high and mighty Prince, James," etc. Dedication 
of the Authorised Version of the Bible. 

* •< From the land of Robert Cuthaberd X5." (Note in the Chartulary.) 



222 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

With, however, free feu power and faculty for us and our successors, and 
our collector for the time being, to take and distrain this land at our 
own hands without employing any servant of the law, for the said 
annual rent as often as need may be. . . . In testimony whereof our 
common seal and our signs manual are appended hereto at Abirdene, 
1st September, 1545, before witnesses : Mr. Patrick Ruyerfurd, Baillie 
Alexander Ruyerfurd, Sir Dauid Wauss, Dauid Cut, George Kennede, 
Dauid Elleis, John Jamesone, sergeant, and Mr. John Kennede, notary- 
public, with divers others. 

Attested by John Kennedy, notary-publia 



CXXII. 

Information handed to the Chaplains of Aberdene reacting Divine Worship 
and their administration thereof by Ingeram Lindesay, Bishop of 
A birdeen ; confirmed also by Bishop Thomas Spens} (Translation.) 

Imprimis, That every Saturday all the chaplains, as well those 
hired' as those endowed, who celebrate Divine service in the Church 
of Abirdene, along with the vicar-chaplain of the parish, shall meet at 
nine o'clock or thereby in the chapter (house) of the said church, and 
there shall appoint, in manner of a table drawn up for the week and 
specially for the feasts occurring within the course of it, (a list) of each 
minister and each office or ministration to be performed by him ; and 
to each the office appointed for him shall be intimated, so that they 
may have no excuse to allege, and that no failure may happen in the 
church of any ministration requiring to be made. 

Item, On Sundays and festivals, when the Church service is to be 
performed with music, whether at mattins, high mass, or vespers, all 

^ Ingeram Lindesay, who held the See of Aberdeen from 1444 to 1459, was a very active 
and munificent bishop. His statutes for the Cathedral of Aberdeen, and his rules, entitled 
OrdinaHo Chart, ** with minute directions for the stations or positions of the choir, and for the 
proper ritual observances in the cathedral church," which are very interesting, are given in 
the Regiitrum EpUcopatui Aberdoncnsis, vol. ii. pp. 70-85. Bishop Spens (died 1480) was 
Lindesay's immediate successor, and was a man much employed in public affairs. 

* Condtutitivis, 



STATUTES OF BISHOP INGERAM LINDESAY. 223 

the chaplains shall enter the choir with clean surplices,^ in honour of 
God and of the Church. 

Item, That the sacristan and the clergy of the parish shall be 
present there along with others who are engaged in the various duties 
as well in the church as in connexion with the tolling of the bells. — 
By order of the chapter. 

Item, that all those things be ordered principally according to the 
advice of the vicar, curate and others of the seniors of the church. 

Item, That parties failing in respect of these things shall be punished 
and corrected according to the discretion and judgment of the vicar and 
curate, with advice of the seniors, which they shall give when called 
for the purpose. And if the matter is grave, let it be referred to our 
ofiicial and to us (the bishop) as occasion serves. 

Item, That if any debate or controversy arise between any of the 
chaplains, it shall be reformed and put right by the mediation of the 
foresaid (vicar, curate and seniors). And that no one be entitled to 
withdraw himself from this determination. 

Item, That according to the advice of the majority and older (clergy) 
aforesaid, certain collectors be appointed for all that relates to all (dues) 
coming the way of the community (of the chaplains) ; to whatsover 
masses there may be assigned peculiarly to any one of the chaplains, 
by whomsover (these masses) may have been left or arranged for ; and 
to all funerals and offices for the dead. And that all these be divided 
equally, to those precisely of the community who were present at the 
Divine offices, and to no other. 

Item, That all the chaplains who have their maintenance out of 
any foundation in the said church be compelled, by all ecclesiastical 
censure, to observe all Divine worship and service in accordance with 
all (the rules) aforesaid. 

^ The canons of the Cathedral were required to wear over their surplice an almuce or 
tippet, and at the seasons when that was not worn a hlack cape or hood. One of the effigies 
in the Cathedral shows this dress. (Reg. Ep» Aberd,, ii. p. 73.) 



i 



224 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Itemf That if any of the hired chaplains, either of his own motion, 
or at the instigation of his masters engaging him, shall refuse to accept 
the burdens aforesaid and agree to them for the honour of the Church 
and the increase of Divine worship, he shall be suspended simpliciicr 
from entry into the choir at the time when the Divine offices are 
solemnly celebrated therein, and also from receiving part of whatever 
dues accrue to the chaplains as a community from masses, funerals, 
offices for the dead, or any other thing. 

Item^ If it happen that any one, who has been written down for any 
service, for any reasonable cause, of infirmity or otherwise, cannot without 
veiy great inconvenience perform the duty for the time being, that another 
of the chaplains, whosoever is present at the time, shall at the command 
of the vicar or parish chaplain supply for that occasion the failure of the 
absent man, and for the supply shall receive a certain consideration 
according to the judgment (of the vicar, curate and seniors) aforesaid, 
and the ancient rule observed in this church, and the absent man shall 
have his share from the dues accruing to the community. And lest 
through uncertainty there should be a variation in the sum awarded to 
the man who supplies the defect, every one who supplies in the office of 
deacon or singer shall receive a penny for each hour. 



CXXIII. 

Statute concerning the Absence of Chaplains from various Offices, ^th 

September, 1518, (Translation.) 

In the name of God, Amen. By this present public instrument, 
let it be clear and evident to all, that on the 5th September, 1518, the 
sixth indiction, the sixth year of the most holy father and lord, the Lord 
Leo X., Pope, in the presence of the notary-public for the then dean of 
the chapter (christianitatisy of the deanery of Aberdeen, the curate and 
chaplains of the choir or college of S. Nicholas of Abirdene in chapter 

> ChristUmiias, An earlier application of the word, in the Code of Theodoeius, is to 
the whole body of the clergy. (Migne,) 



STATUTES REGARDING ABSENCE FROM DIVINE SERVICE. 22$ 

assembled, as their yearly custom is, for the election of a new collector 
or procurator, for the observance of their statutes or foundations, and 
for appointing anew by what honour and increase Divine worship 
should be dignified. The representatives of the chapter all and sundry 
with one consent and none objecting or contradicting, resolved, for their 
own part and their successors for ever, that the procurator elected for the 
time being and his successors should diligently note every one who is 
absent from the ofiices of the dead, as well from the vigils as from the 
masses, and from the other private masses to be celebrated throughout 
the week according to the (various) foundations, and that (the names of 
those absent) be taken down in writing, and that whosoever has been 
absent from the vigils of the dead shall pay as a punishment four- 
pence, and for (absence from) the sung mass^ twopence, and from a 
mass of the trenthal fourpence, and for a private mass the same, all 
excuse being disallowed except the man has been hindered by infirmity 
or a journey, or has put in his place a sufficient chorister outside the 
.number of the college. And this (money) with (the names of) those 
who fail shall be kept in the hands of the collector till the day of 
reckoning, or disposed of on the building or repair of the clergy-house, 
faithfully as he shall wish to answer to God and to his brethren. And 
this being decreed, shall be observed for ever irrevocably under their signs 
manual, concerning which they all and sundry asked of me, a notary- 
public, this writing drawn up in the form of an instrument. These 
things were done about eight o'clock a.m. in the chapter of the Church 
of S. Nicholas of the town of Abirdene, the year, day, month,' indiction, 
and pontificate aforesaid. (Signed by) Mr. William Philipsoun, Sir 
John Murray, Mr. Robert Masoun, John Fyfe, Thomas Bynne, Sir 
John Mar, Mr. Dauid Menzeis, notary-public, Sir Dauid Wauss, William 
Couper, Sir Andrew Cowper, Sir John Wauss, Sir Dauid Leis, Sir John 
Cumyng. 



> There U an error here in the Latin text (vol. i. p. 254), premitsa for pro missa. It is 
corioiu to observe that absence from the song mass (the chief of these offices) is to be 
ponisbed by a less fine than absence from the others. In the four Scotch Churches which 
form part of the Church of Holland, elders who are absent from church at either service on 
Sunday are fined, to this day, in sums not unlike those above mentioned ; a record is kept, 
and no excuse allowed. 

FF 



CHAKTri-ART OF SADCT N 



Jifm. That r am of the faxrcd diaplair 
ir a: itit irst;rii.:i:»r. of hj*» masters en^i: 
tn? nuroLTif aiarrsx.id and apre to then 
BTiC tr« incTast of Iv-.ine m'orsh^. h- 
r.^n cTi:rx :r.: trie choa at the lir 
ji.iii-rr.r.i rcirhratrc thcrem. and als. 
curf arc-Tu i: the ch2.p:&ins as a \. 
<»t:;crS' ur the dead, or aB\ other th:- 



Iim., 1: n happen that anx o: • 
tervirt . i r i.r\ reasntiabie cause. . 

ix' i>.t ^:*i.p*.;..T:s, ^b:»sor\'cr is y: 
n: i^t \ .car or pansh chaplain 
l^^s^n: Tr.&n. ant iiC the su; 
arr.rd.r.^ ic the jadpxDcnt 
ani the ancjcnt niie obsen » 
h^^r h:s share tram the C. 
tr.t^^uri** uTK«rtamtv there 
the mas mho supplies Xh 
dcarxi or sii^gcr shall n 



x« . * . ^ ^> 



. ^ L« i 1 Lj, w * * 



• c rr\' chaplain 

. '. deacon for the 

.*: execution of his 

.. be given as often 



ir* chaplain written off for 
-•« to be said for souls, 
tsar pence to the sapplier. 



in the town, even if they 
' the iR^iole day without 
of the president shall 



5w:i.2/ r*nwff«ifi 






In the namt 
let U be dear a: 
Siixth indiction. • 
Leo X., Pope. 
the chapter ,. 
chaplains of t 

) Chris tt 



_, iT 



■ ■• 



A TOC aO dujdains within the town 
£ Boors shaD be excluded from all 
,«. ix out }Tar, unkss they are sick 
^ 19^ has been asked and obtained 



D duplains who are absent 
shall pay one penny, unfor- 
ia time of processions and 



-^'VINE SERVICE. 227 



^all keep hts 
;ht of the 



of it, shall take the 
cnny for each trans- 



v\Titer who shall be sworn 

.-laturday to the chapter, and 

.c count of them at the end of 



lin pass out of the choir from the 

...lisses, mattins, and evensong, and 

.oly Blood, without leave asked of the 

m, of the curate,* and in his absence the 



mversation in the choir in time of the hour 
..at he would incur if he were absent from that 



read lessons except at the command of the presi- 
j previously appointed by the chapter. 

.le chaplains who are not members of the college shall 
in their habits on holy days under the pain stated in the 



ihat all chaplains of the college shall come to the chapter 



paif of itock* wu to be leen in the ciypt of S. Nicholu' (S. tAity't Chapel) in the 
1 1 of the proeiit centnry. 
n tome cues the viou kihI enrate kod to be the mudc penon : here th^ are plainly 



336 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

CXXIV. 

Statutes for the Maintenance of Divine Service, 1491.^ 

The acts, constitutions, and statutes underwritten were made and 
ordained for the supplying, augmenting, and upholding of God's service 
by the curate and chaplains of the whole College of Aberdene under- 
written, 6th October, 1491. 

In the first place, it is statute and ordained that every chaplain 
being on duty and noted thereto— that is to say, the deacon for the 
week, or chantor for the week, as often as he fails in execution of his 
ofiice shall pay for every hour one penny, which shall be given as often 
to him that supplies the failure. 

Item, It is statute and ordained that every chaplain written off for 
the mass of the Holy Blood in Lent, or other mass to be said for souls, 
failing in the performance of them, shall pay four pence to the supplier. 

Item, It is statute that all chaplains being in the town, even if they 
are not on duty, who a)% absent from all hours ' the whole day without 
a necessary cause and leave asked and obtained of the president shall 
pay one obolus. 

Item, It is statute and ordained that all chaplains within the town 
and absent the whole week from all hours shall be excluded ftt>m all 
commons and accidental (incomings) for one year, unless they are sick 
or occupied in errands of State, and leave has been asked and obtained 
of the president. 

Item, it is statut and ordained that all chaplains who are absent 
from solemn processions or solemn feasts shall pay one penny, unfor- 
given ; and that they are not to say mass in time of processions and 
persons making offerings.* 



^ This it in old English, and is here given in a more modem dress. 

* The canonical hours. 

* Offerandis. 



STATUTES FOR THE MAINTENANCE OF DIVINE SERVICE. 227 

Item, it is statut and ordained that the sacristan shall keep his 
hours that are appointed him for the ringing of bells, at the sight of the 
chapter, under pain of being put in the stocks.^ 

Item, that no chaplain toll the bell to cause the sacristan to ring 
except at the hour appointed by the chapter. 

Item^ that no chaplain of the college, or out of it, shall take the 
choir books out of the choir, under pain of one penny for each trans- 
gression. 

Item, The whole chapter shall choose a writer who shall be sworn 
to write the faults and present them every Saturday to the chapter, and 
the collector shall receive them, and make count of them at the end of 
each quarter of the year. 

Item, it is statut that no chaplain pass out of the choir from the 
beginning to the end of hours, njasses, mattins, and evensong, and 
specially from the Mass of the Holy Blood, without leave asked of the 
president or vicar, and failing him, of the curate,^ and in his absence the 
collector. 

Item, that none hold conversation in the choir in time of the hour 
under the same penalty that he would incur if he were absent from that 
hour. 

Item, that none read lessons except at the command of the presi- 
dent, except they be previously appointed by the chapter. 

Item, that the chaplains who are not members of the college shall 
grace the choir in their habits on holy days under the pain stated in the 
table. 

Item, that all chaplains of the college shall come to the chapter 



1 A pair of stocks was to be seen in the crypt of S. Nicholas* (S. Mary's Chapel) in the 
early part of the present century. 

* In some cases the vicar and curate seep to be the same person : here they are plainly 
dtattnct 



i 



228 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

every Saturday, and hear their duty assigned to them, so that none may 
allege excuse, under pain of fourpence.^ 

Item, the clerks shall not be absent in time of the hours without 
leave asked and obtained of the president. 

Item, whoever comes not to the first lection of the nine lessons, 
and to the fourth (ferde) psalm of three letters, and to the fourth psalm 
of the noctum, and to the first reading of the Dirige, and to the epistle 
of the mass, shall be held absent from that hour. 

Item, whosever is deacon on duty for the week shall have the same 
ofifice at the souls' mass. 

Item, that no chaplain of the college purchase to himself alone any 
service that may redound to the profit of the whole college under pain 
of deprivation. 

Item, all chaplains that do not keep the Secularum and tune given 
them by the chantor, executor of the office, or president for the time, 
shall desist under paih of an English penny, unforgiven. 

Item, that none presume to ask wage and payment for masses for 
souls and processions but those that are notified by the collector. 

Item, that no mass shall be sung without twelve persons and the 
priest that sings the mass. 

Item, it is statute and ordained for the upholding of God*s service 
that no person shall be received into the college at any man's request 
unless he is a chorister, a singer of plain song, that can sing anthems,^ 
responsaries, and versicles, epistles, gospels, masses, and legends. 

Item, there shall no chaplain be received into the college by request 
of any man, spiritual or temporal. Also any chaplain by himself, or 

^ In the Chartulary *' iiij<l. " has heen written in by another hand in place of** x obal '* 
(for obolus) deleted. 

* So in the Chartulary. Antiphons rather than anthems in the modem sense are 
probably meant. 



STATUTES FOR THE MAINTENANCE OF DIVINE SERVICE. 229 

on the part of his friends advertently, doing hindrance or injury to the 
college and the brethren thereof, shall have no interest in it nor be 
received into it. 

Item, There shall be yearly a general Anniversary done to all time 
coming by the college for deceased brethren of the college, on this 
wise : — The Placebo and Dirige on the Monday after the Feast of the 
Nativity of our glorious Patron Saint Nicholas, and the sung mass 
with note on the following morning at S. Nicholas' Altar, and 
trenthal of masses in the week following, each chaplain (saying) a 
mass : ** Pro confratribus nostris sacerdotibus defunctis, antecessoribus 
et successoribus, parentibus, benefactoribus, et omnibus fidelibus 
defunctis,"^ with commendation following. 

Item, on Wednesday thereafter there shall be yearly a general 
Anniversary done "pro confratribus nostris vivis,"*with a sung Mass 
of the Holy Ghost at S. Nicholas' Altar, together with the whole 
trenthal of said Masses of the Holy Ghost following. 

Item, that whatsoever chaplain of the college happens to decease, 
if he has no goods of his own to meet the expenses of his burial and 
funeral office, the college shall bury him at their expense and do the 
funeral office as is proper. Also they shall bury at their expense 
secular persons received into their fraternity who have nothing of their 
own wherewith to do it. 



The Names of the Chaplains of the College in the Year of our Lord 

{Fourteen Hundred and) Ninety-one, 

Sir Dauid Waus, Vicar of Banff. 

Mr. Alexander Fyf. 

Sir Andrew, the son of Thomas (Thomson). 

Sir Andrew, the son of Henry (Henryson). 

1 For "oar brothers the priests departed, our predecessors and successors, parents, bene* 
£utors, and ail the faithful departed **. The words would be inserted in the intercession in the 
mass, which was offered " with intention " for them. 
, **' For the brethren of our college who are living.'* 



230 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

Sir John Strachin. 

Sir John Stirueling. 

Sir Duncan Nachty. 

Sir Thomas Heruy. 

Mr. William Colisone. 

Sir Alexander Club. « 

Sir Alexander Gray. 

Sir Robert Leis. 

Sir William Muresone. 

Sir John Prat. 

Sir William Crukschank. 

Sir Matthew Nicholsone. 

Mr. Alexander Dyss. 

Sir Andrew Gray. 

Sir Andrew Chamer. 

Sir John Litstar. 

Sir Robert Sprvnt. 

Sir Ingram Bannerman. 

Item, it is statute and ordained that each collector shall make pay- 
ment to the chaplains for the Whitsunday term by {ue., not later than) 
Lammas next thereafter, and the Martinmas term by Yule immediately 
thereafter, of all rents and annuals belonging to them which are infeft 
to the whole college. 

Item, it is statute and ordained by the whole college that each year 
on the Saturday eight days before the Feast of S. Michael the Archangel, 
the general collector of the said college shall make his full count, 
reckoning, and payment to the chaplains of the college of all things both 
of properties and accidents pertaining to them for the whole year im- 
mediately preceding (during) which he enjoyed the ofificeof the collector- 
ship; and his said count, reckoning, and payment being leally and 
truly given, heard, and understood by certain of the college of the 
highest reputation and discretion, or by the whole college, he shall give 
over his office of collector, and a new collector shall be chosen to 
exercise the said office for one year, and so forth yearly every year for 
the common profit of the whole college ; and no man shall enjoy that 



STATUTES OF BISHOP ELPHINSTONE. 23 1 

office but for one year, so that every one may know the lands and annual 
rents infeft to the college. 



The second day of the month of December,^ the year of God 1508, 
for the honour of God and Holy Church, and the pleasure and up- 
holding of Divine service according to the old statutes and constitutions 
of Holy Church, it was statute and ordained by the curate and the whole 
chaplains, that no manner of persons, priests, clerks, singers, nor others, 
come within the choir without their habit, under the pains hereafter 
following, that is to say — For a priest, the first time of payment, two 
pence, and for a clerk, one penny; the second time for a priest, four 
pence, and for a clerk, two pence, and so forth ; the third time to be 
deprived of their commons in time of God's service. 

cxxv. 

Statutes for Sixteen Chaplains in the College of 5. Nicholas^ made by a 
Reverend Father in Christy William Elphinston, Bishop of A berdeen^ 
in his General Chapter.^ 

In the General Chapter of a reverend father in God, William, 
Bishop of Aberdeen, held within the Cathedral Church of the same on 
Wednesday in Pentecost Week next after the Synod, it was statute and 
ordained, and as a perpetual act ratified and approved by the said 
reverend father, and with the express consent and assent of the brethren 
choristers and chaplains of S. Nicholas' Church, Aberdeen, after fol- 
lowing : — 

That it shall be held that in all time coming there shall be in the 
said college but the number of sixteen brethren singers, and men able 
for the keeping up of the service of God, and no more. 

Moreover, the brethren underwritten by their great oaths made 
before the said reverend father, have taken the charge upon them for 

* It will be obeerved that there is a difference of seventeen years between this paragraph 
and those tmmediately preceding it. There is a marked difference in the Chartulary — ^if not 
in the writing, yet in the ink. 

* The title is in Latin; the statutes are in old English, here presented in modern dress. 
Thb is the deed which has been reproduced in fitcsimile, vol. i. facing p. 359. 



232 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

their time, to keep, continue, and uphold the said Divine service in 
time to come ; and also that none be received in (into) the said collie 
above the said number of sixteen brethren ; but if so be a brother 
decease, another fit singer and chorister (shall) be chosen by consent 
of all the brethren in the stead of him that deceased, and in like manner 
if more happen to decease. And that there be not received into the 
said company any manner of person at the request any man, either 
canonical or secular,^ in time to come, except it be to complete the 
number aforesaid, and (he be) found able thereto by the said brethren. 

And that there be a Fault Book made to be kept by the hebdomitar* 
according to the pattern of that at the Cathedral Church, to note all 
faults, absences from hours, and services set down on the table,' and of 
them who do not observe their ceremonies in time of Divine service, 
to be noted at the week's end, and count and reckoning taken thereof. 
And also that no commons be distributed or given but only to those 
that observe and keep their service set to them. 

And also the'said reverend father ratified and approved the statutes 
and acts made previously by the late Bishop Thomas Spens^ of good 
memory, and the acts made by the old brethren of good mind for the 
good of God's service before this present statute ; and this statute sub- 
scribed with the hand of the said reverend father and the hands of the 
said brethren that have taken the said charge upon them : — 

William,^ (Bishop) of Aberdeen. 
Alexander,^ (Bishop) of Aberdeen. 
I, Gavin,^ Bishop of Mr. Thomas Chawmer, Curate of Aberdeen, 
Aberdeen, approve with his own hand, 

the foregoing. Mr. David Menzes, Commissary for the time 

being of the said Lord Alexander, (Bishop) 
of Aberdeen, confirming the same sets his 
hand to it. 

1 " Channon nor secular man.*' 

* The chaplain charged with this daty for the week. 
> See No. CXXII. 

* Thomas Spens was hishop of Aberdeen, 1459- 1480. 

* William Elphinstone, bishop of Aberdeen, 14S4-15X4. 

* Alexander Gordon, bishop of Aberdeen, died 15x8. 
' Gavin Dunbar, bishop of Aberdeen, died 1532. 



ACT FOR REFORMATION OF CERTAIN ABUSES. 233 

(I) William/ Bishop Sir David Waus set his own hand to it. 
of Aberdeen, approve Sir John Waus sets his own hand to it. 
the foregoing. Sir David Leis sets his own hand to it. 

Sir John Murray sets his own hand to it. 
Sir John Fyfe sets his own hand to it. 
I, William/ Bishop Mr. R. Masoun sets his own hand to it. 
of Aberdeen, approve Sir Thomas B}mne sets his own hand to it. 
the foregoing. Sir William Couper sets his own hand to it. 

Sir Andrew Cowper sets his own hand to it. 
Mr. William Philipsoun sets his own hand 
to it 



CXXVI. 

Act of the 14/A July^ 1519. {Translation.) 

The which day, the reverend Sir, Mr. John Dinguele, Protonotary 
of the Apostolic See, Archdeacon of Caithness, etc., and perpetual Vicar' 
of the Church of S. Nicholas of Abirden, wishing in all things, and from 
his inmost (heart) striving, that the Divine service for the worship, laud, 
veneration, and honour of Almighty God and of S. Nicholas the patron 
of the said church, be in the said church devoutly and lovingly celebrated 
and sung, and desiring some practices {mons) prevalent among the chap* 
lains and ministers of the choir of the foresaid church to be reformed, 
humbly and earnestly requested a venerable and excellent man, Mr. 
Alexander Hay, Canon and Commissary-general of Abirdeen, that he 
with authority of the Ordinary would confirm certain Statutes made 
unanimously by the said vicar and chaplains of the choir aforesaid, 
and sanction them by certain penalties — of which statutes the tenor 
foUoweth : — 

Imprimis. The said Sir Vicar and the chaplains underwritten have 
ordained and statute that henceforth the chaplains within the said choir 

* WilUam Stewart, bishop of Aberdeen, died 1545. 

' WiUttun Oonlon, bithop of Aberdeen, died X577. 

' Here is another instance of the offices of vicar and curate of S. Nicholas being held 
by diAerent persons : Dingwall is vicar, and Thomas Chawmer (see the signatures) curate. 
The vicar, who was also Ar c hdeacon of Caithness, was probably non-resident. 



234 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

at the time of Divine service shall attend attentively to the Divine office 
then to be celebrated or sung, and not talk to each other. And if any 
one is caught guilty in this matter and noted, he be required before he 
leave the church (unless he is bound by some infirmity) to say one 
noctum of the Sunday Psalms. 

Item, that no one in the time of Divine service enter the choir 
without a decent clerical habit, under the pain of fourpence. 

Item, that all the chaplains, ministers in the foresaid choir, shall 
meet together every Saturday when matt ins are ended, in the chapter- 
house of the said church, to hear the table (of duties) read, to punish 
failures, and (to do) other things that concern the well-being and honour 
of the said church, to provide, determine, and conclude (arrangements) 
for the coming week ; under pain of twelve pence for the curate, four- 
pence for each chaplain, and one penny for every boy at that time on 
the staff. 

Item, that each Saturday in the chapter there be chosen and ap- 
pointed two singers who shall have the ruling of the choir for that 
week, who shall faithfully note all such like failures occurring in the 
time of Divine service, and shall lay them out or tell them in the chapter 
on Saturdays, and each of those singers shall note the faults for his own 
part or side ; and in the same way there shall be chosen for every week 
in time to come (those) necessary officials of the choir. 

Ittmf that whosoever of the said chaplains (one or more) is absent 
for the time being, except for the cause of infirmity, shall depute a suffi- 
cient singer to take his place, otherwise he shall be accounted absent. 

Item, if any of the chaplains (one or more) go out of the choir in 
time of Divine service, without leave asked and obtained, and does not 
immediately return, except he be hindered by infirmity, he shall be 
accounted absent. 

Item, if it happen that any one of the said chaplains strives in time 
of Divine (service) and he shall have been noted therein, for each such 



ACT FOR REFORMATION OF CERTAIN ABUSES. 235 

oiFence he shall make satisfaction (in the sum of) two shillings to be 
applied to the common good, and the same shall be done if they strive 
at a meeting of the laity. 

Itcmf that clerks absent from any one of the greater hours, or fail- 
ing in any similar duty, shall make satisfaction for each such failure (in 
the sum of one penny), and (for failure) in other duties they shall make 
satisfaction and be punished according the estimation of the offence. 

lietn, that no chaplain in the foresaid church shall celebrate mass 
at the time of the great mass or during preaching under pain of perjury 
and making satisfaction in the sum of twelvepence to be levied without 
remission from the common and accidental dues accruing to him. And 
that from the requiem masses founded or to be founded in the foresaid 
church no one withdraw himself till the end of the mass. And that they 
sing the services that are due all together, and each one takes for a 
week the office of (leading) the responses, unless leave has been asked 
and obtained, under pain of losing his commons for that mass, which 
are to go to the other chaplains who have duly served in it. 

liemt whereas it is scarcely to be borne that certain chaplains of 
the said church do disclose secrets and those things in the chapter 
which are sacred between the said chaplains to others who are not 
members, and reveal them even to other chaplains and laymen whereby 
the ecclesiastics are manifoldly hurt and no good can come either to the 
commonweal or to the Church, it is made a fundamental statute and 
ordinance that if any one is noted to perpetrate such things, he shall 
without delay be deprived of all and each his common and accidental 
dues, which shall be given to the other chaplains, and of ingress to the 
chapter or hearing of its secrets for the next year.^ 

Similarly, it is statute and ordained that no clerk who is not in Holy 
Orders shall presume to enter the principal seats ^ of the said choir, but 
shall occupy a place in the front row appointed for the boys of the said 



^ Similar practice!, it is to be regretted, prevail in Aberdeen to the present day. The 
above ordinance might be enacted and enforced with advantage by several of the public 
I. 
* The canopied stalls. 



236 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

choir in time of Divine service, under pain of a paying a penny without 
remission for each offence. 



Which statutes, as being consonant to reason, and tending at the 
same time to the glory of God and of S. Nicholas, the said Sir Commis- 
sary with authority of the ordinary approved, affirmed, and ratified, 
adding the sanction that each of the chaplains and other ministers of 
the foresaid church in all time coming shall inviolably observe all and 
each of them under the penalties herein contained, under pain of sus- 
pension firom the celebration of Divine service in the case of presbyters, 
and of the major excommunication in the case of laymen or those in the 
inferior orders, etc. 

(Signed S) Alexander Hay, Canon and Commissary of Aberdeen, 

John DingwaJl, Sir Andrew Cowper, David Nichol- 
sone, Sir John Red, Robert Masoun, Thomas 
Chawmer, Curate of Abirdene, Sir John Fyfe, Sir 
John Murra, Sir John Cumyng, Sir David Wauss, 
Mr. William Philipsoun, William Couper, Sir John 
Bynne, Sir John Mar, John Wauss. 



CXXVIL 
Act of the xst October^ 1530. (TransUUiofk) 

Thb which day a man venerable and excellent, Mr. Robert Elphin- 
stoun, Canon and Commissary-general of Aberdeen, with consent 
of the chapter of the Church of Aberdeen, namely S. Nicholas', ap- 
pointed Sirs David Wauss and Robert Spark to write daily for the 
next quarter the date of the attendances and (the names) of those who 
talk, laugh, idle, or are irregular in their attendance in the choir of the 
said church, and that whosoever doeth any of these thing shall be noted, 
and shall pay the penalty of one honi, in the vulgar tongue ** a fault," 
for each such offence ; and in like manner that those who begin the 
responsaries or antiphons without the command of the chantor, or fail 



CHAPTER OF SIR JOHN WAUS. 1553. 237 

to repeat the same, be noted, and pay their penalty every Saturday. 
And there was like consent that those coming to words in the choir or 
elsewhere, and throwing injurious terms at other people, shall pay — 
the guilty one — ^two shillings to the brethren of the choir, for the 
augmenting of the sum to be distributed. And that for the second 
quarter of the year two others be appointed, and so throughout the 
year, every by the chaplains themselves. This was done in the 
presence of the chapter, and of the Provost and certain councillors 
of Aberdeen. 



The same day, a man venerable and excellent, Mr« Robert Elphin- 
stone. Canon and Commissary of Aberdeen, with consent of the chapter, 
curate, and chaplains, in chapter assembled, and no one saying aught 
against it, ordained, with a view to concord among the brethren of the 
chapter of the Church of S. Nicholas of Aberdene, that if any discussion 
should happen to arise among them, namely, a controversy, injurious 
words, or any kind of strife, whether rightly or wrongly, the strife shall 
first of all be made open and manifest to the brethren of the chapter, 
and corrected by them among themselves, under pain of deprivation 
from entering into the choir, according to the discretion of the chapter ; 
under pain, for the second offence, of half commons ; under pain, for the 
third offence, of deprivation simplidter from the said commons and without 
any restoration thereto. 

Robert Elphinstoun, Commissary-general of Aberdeen. 



CXXVIII. 

Charter of Sir John Waus. 22nd April, 1553. (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, Sir John Vaus, chaplain 
of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, wisheth eternal health 
in the Lord. Forasmuch as we shall all stand before the judgment- 
seat of our Lord Jesus Christ to receive either good or evil, according 
as we have done in the body, and each shall obtain his own reward 



238 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

according to his own labour ; ^ wishing therefore to anticipate that day of 
final judgment by works of mercy, so that what we have sown on earth 
we may be able to reap with multiplied fruit in heaven, know therefore 
that I, in honour of Almighty God, the glorious Virgin Mary, and all 
the citizens of the court of heaven, for the salvation of my soul, and the 
souls of my parents, benefactors, and all those from whom I received 
any good things either justly or unjustly, and of all the faithful dead, 
have given ... in pure • . . and perpetual alms to discreet men, the 
curate and chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas 
of Abirdene and their successors the chaplains of the said choir, all and 
whole one annual rent of twenty-six shillings and eight pence, Scots, to 
be annually drawn and taken from all and whole that outer land of mine, 
with its garden — lying within the said burgh in the Netherkirkgate, 
between the land of Robert Gray on the west, and the land of the Altar 
or Chaplaincy of S. Barbara the Virgin on the east, the king's highway 
on the south, and the garden of the late Patrick Vod oh the north. . . . 
To be held in feu and heirship by the foresaid curate and chaplains and 
their successors, the chaplains of the said choir, in all time coming, 
of our Sovereign Lady the Queen and her successors, the kings or 
queens of Scotland. ... On which account the said curate and chap- 
lains and their successors shall celebrate or cause to be celebrated one 
mass for the salvation of my soul, and the souls of my parents, bene- 
factors, and all the faithful dead at the Altar of S. Martin, situated 
within the said church, on Sunday every week for ever. • . • In testi- 
mony whereof my own seal is affixed to the charter of this foundation, 
also the seal of an honourable man, Gilbert Malysone, one of the 
baillies of the said burgh and giver of sasine hereupon, at Abirdene, the 
22nd day of April, 1553, before witnesses : Alexander Malysone, Andrew 
Herwy, Alexander Kay, Henry Nachty, William Barclay, one of the 
sergeants of the said burgh, and Mr. John Kennedy, common clerk of 
the said burgh, with divers others. 

The present copy accords with the principal charter, having 
been collated by me, the undersigned notary-public. 

(Signed) John Kennedy, clerk of the burgh of 
Abirdene, and notary-public. 

1 1 Cor. in. 8. 



CONFIRMATION OF SALE. 1 574. 239 

Confirmation of {Sale by) James Huntar of a certain land belofiging to the 

chaplains. Sth July, 1574. (Abstract)^ 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, the vicar and chaplains 
of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene wish 
eternal health in the Lord. Know that we have read, seen, inspected, 
and fully understood a certain charter of alienation of land signed by 
James Huntar, cutler, to a prudent mah, Andrew Huntar, burgess of the 
said burghy his heirs and assigns, made, conceded, and confirmed by 
the seal and sign manual of the foresaid James, not erased, nor vitiated, 
nor cancelled, nor in any way suspected but entirely free from fault and 
above suspicion, as appears on the face of it, whereof the tenor, word 
for word, is as follows : — 

" To all who shall see or hear this charter James Hunter, cutler, 
free artificer of the burgh of Abirdene, wisheth eternal health in the 
Lord. Know that I, my advantage in the matter having been looked to 
on all sides and considered carefully, for certain reasonable causes 
moving my mind hereto, have sold, alienated and by this present charter 
confirmed ... to a' prudent man, Andrew Huntar, burgess of the said 
bui^h; his heirs and assigns, all and whole that outer land of mine 
which I hold in feu-farm from the chaplains of the choir of the Parish 
Church of Aberdeine, lying within the said burgh in the Gallowgate on 
the west side thereof between the land of the late John Durty, now 
William Oglay's, on the south, and the land of the late David Blak, 
now John Robertsoune*s, on the north, the public king's highway on 
the east, and the land of the late Thomas Philpsoune, now Thomas 
Allan, the tailor's, on the west, for a certain sum of money which the 
said Andrew at the time of the drawing up of this charter paid to me 
well and faithfully in numbered money into my hands in my necessity, 
with which sum I confess myself well content and fully paid. ... To 
be held ... by the foresaid Andrew Huntar, his heirs and assigns 
fSrom me and my heirs and assigns of the foresaid chaplains and their 

^ The writing here changes greatly. It will be observed that the date is no less than 
IbtirUcn years after 1560^ when the. Reformation obtained the sanction of the Scottish Parlia- 
ment. The title (except the date) is that written in*the margin of the Chartulary. 



240 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

successors in heritable feu for ever . . • the said Andrew and his heirs 
and assigns owing annually to our Sovereign Lord the King and his suc- 
cessors the kings of Scotland the long age service due and customary 
for it, and paying annually to the foresaid chaplains of the choir of the 
Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdeine the sum of three pounds, 
six shillings and eight pence, Scots. • • • In testimony whereof, my 
proper seal with my sign manual underwritten, and the seal of an 
honourable man, Alexander Chalmer, one of the baillies of the said 
burgh, and the giver of sasine hereupon, are appended at Abirdene, 7th 
July, iS74> before witnesses :* James Ewin, Alexander Ewin, John 
Robertsoune, junior, Alexander Malysoune, burgesses of Abirdene ; Mr. 
John Fulford, Gilbert Kintor, sergeant, Mr. Thomas Mal3rsoune and 
Mr. John Kennedy, notaries-public, with divers others. 

** So it is subscribed. James Huntar, cultuler, with my hand at 
the pen-hed by the notar underwritten at my command. ^ 

'* So it is, Mr. Thomas Malysoune at the special command of 
the said James Huntar, who does not know how to write.'' 

The which charter of alienation or sale inserted above we approve, 
ratify, and confirm in all its points, parts, clauses, conditions, and cir- 
cumstances, and for ourselves and our successors for ever confirm it by 
these presents. Provided, however, that if it happen that the said 
Andrew, his heirs or assigns, fail in paying the said sum of five merks 
of annual feu-duty at the foresaid terms, or if the whole payment is 
not made within forty days after any term, then and in that case this 
infeftment and concession shall be void, and it shall be lawful for us and 
our successors to resume the said land, and dispose o£ it according to 
the freedom of our own will without legal process, as (if) this land had 
never been given in feu. Moreover whosoever enters of new into this 
land shall double this feu-duty at his first entry, as the custom is in 
feus. In testimony whereof we have caused to be appended the seal 
of our common chapter, along with our signs manual, at Abirdene, 8th 
July, 1574, before witnesses: George Straquhyn, Mr. Thomas Malysone, 
Andrew Garreaucht, George Blak, Henry Multra, John Chalmer, and 
Mr. John Kennedy. 

^ These words we in EngBsh. The man wrote with the notary holding his hand and 
directing his pen. 



SUNDAY MASS AT S. MARTIN'S ALTAR. 24I 

So it isy John Collisoune, vicar, with my own hand, Mr. John 
Kennedy with my own hand, William Valcar wt my hand, 
Sir John Blak with my own hand, Sir John Vrycht with my 
own hand, Mr. Edward Menges with my own hand, Sjn: 
James Barclay, collector for ye tjone, vt my hand.^ 

Attested by John Kennedy, clerk of the burgh of Aberdeen, and 
Mr. Thomas Malysoune, notaries-public. 



cxxx. 

Foundation by John Waus of a Sunday Mass to be celebrated at the Altar 

of S.Martin. 22nd April, 15$$. (Abstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, John Vaus, chaplain of 
the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene, wisheth eternal health 
in the Lord. Whereas we shall all stand before the judgment-seat of 
our Lord Jesus Christ to receive, whether good or evil, according as we 
have done in the body, and each shall receive his own reward according 
to his own labour, know, therefore, that I, wishing, therefore, to anti- 
cipate the day of final judgment by works of mercy, so that what we 
have soMm on earth we may be able to reap with multiplied fruit in 
heaven, in honour of Almighty God, the glorious Virgin Mary, and all 
the citizens of the celestial court, for the salvation of my soul, of (the 
souls of) my parents, benefactors, and all those from whom, with or 
without justice, I have received any good things, and all the faithful 
dead, have given ... in pure and perpetual alms ... to discreet 
men, the curate and chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of S. 
Nicholas of Abirdene, and their successors the chaplains of the (said) 
choir, all and whole an annual rent of twenty-six shillings and eight 
pence, Scots^ to be drawn . . . from all and whole that land of mine, 
outer and inner, with its garden, lying within the said burgh in the 
Netherkirkgate, between the land of Robert Gray on the west and the 
land of the Altar or chaplaincy of S. Barbara the Virgin on the east, 
the public king's highway on the south, and the garden of the late 

' Williazn Valcar (so he spells his name) and James Barclay sign in the vernacular— not 
as their colleagues do in Latin. 

HH 



I 



242 CHARTULARY OK SAINT NICHOI-AS. 

Patrich Vod on the north ... to be held ... by the foresaid curate 
and chaplains and their successors the perpetual chaplains of the said 
choir of our Sovereign Lady the Queen, and her successors the kings or 
queens of Scotland, in feu, heirship, and free burgage for ever. . . . On 
account whereof the said curate and chaplains and their successors 
shall celebrate, or cause celebrate, one Mass for the salvation of my 
soul and (the souls) of my parents, benefactors, and all the faithful 
dead, at the Altar of S. Martin, situated within the said church, on the 
Lord's Day in every week for ever. ... In testimony whereof my 
proper seal and sign manual, and the seal of an honourable man, 
Gilbert Malysone, one of the baillies of the said burgh and giver oT 
sasine hereupon, are appended to this charter of foundation, at 
Aberdene, 22nd April, 1553, before witnesses: Alexander Malysone, 
Andrew Harrow, Alexander Kay, Henry Nachty, William Barclay, 
one of the sergeants of the said burgh, and Mr. John Kennedy, 
common clerk of the said burgh, with divers others. 
So it is subscribed Sir John Waus with my own hand. 

Attested by Mr. John Kennedy, notary-public.^ 



CXXXI. 

Instrument of Sasine by John Waus. 23rd April, 1553. (Abstract.) 

In the name of God, Amen. By this public interest be it clear and 
known to all that in the year of our Lord, 1553, the 23rd day of April, 
the eleventh indiction, the third year of the pontificate of the most holy 
father and lord, our lord Julius III. by Divine providence Pope, in the 
presence of me, a notary-public, and the witnesses underwritten, there 
compeared personally a discreet man, Sir John Waus, chaplain of the choir 
of S. Nicholas of Aberdene, not through force or fear, nor having fallen 
into any error, nor having been circumvented by any guile or fraud, but 
of his own mere and pure good will, and no variable mind, as was plain, 
and gave and resigned simpliciter by means of a penny of out-toll into 
the hands of an honourable man, Gilbert Malyson, one of the baillies of 

^ The chirograph of the notary here is very ornamental, and bears on a well-drawn 
scroll the letters I. K. N. P. 



LEGACY OF A BREVIARY. 243 

the said burgh, all and whole one annual rent of twenty-six shillings 
and eight pence, Scots . . . payable . . . from all and whole that outer 
land with the small garden thereof . . . lying within the said burgh in 
the Netherkirkgate on the north side thereof between the land of Robert 
Gray on the west, the land of the Altar of S. Barbara the Virgin situated 
within the said Parish Church, on the east, and the land of the late 
Patrick Vod on the north, and the public king's highway on the 
south ; ... for the purpose of giving sasine and heritable possession 
of the said annual rent ... to discreet men, the curate and chaplains 
of the choir of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene and 
their successors the chaplains of the said choir for ever. Where- 
upon the said baillie, at the special mandate of said .resignee, 
gave sasine ... of the said annual rent of twenty-six shillings and 
eight pence ... by means of one penny of in-toll ... to a discreet 
man, Sir Robert Bynny, chaplain, and collector, and procurator for the 
chaplains aforesaid; and inducted, and corporally invested the said 
collector in their name, according to the tenor of the foundation charter 
drawn up concerning it. Of all which the said Sir Robert Bynny in his 
capacity of procurator petitioned me as a notary-public to give him this 
public instrument, the seal of the baillie himself corroborating it. These 
things were done on the ground of the said land about nine a.m. in the 
year, month, day, indiction, and pontificate above-mentioned, in the 
presence of Alexander Malysone, Andrew Harrow, Alexander Kay, 
Henry Nachty, and William Barclay, sergeant of the said burgh, with 
divers other witnesses called and incited to be present. 

Attested by Mr. John Kennedy, of the diocese of Aberdeen, 
notary with the authority of the Holy Apostolic See, and 
common clerk of Aberdene, who was present and saw 
what was done. 



CXXXII. 

Legacy of a Breviary by John Litster, Chaplain. {Translation.) 

A DISCREET man. Sir John Litster, chaplain of the Parish Church 
of S. Nicholas of Aberdene, left after his decease (unless any necessity 



i 



244 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

compelled him otherwise)^ a certain breviary written on parchment to 
one fit chaplain, viz. : — first, to his kinsman promoted to be priest, for the 
whole time of his life or residence within the burgh of Aberdene ; whom 
failing, to another fit chaplain, and so successively as one deceases to 
another remaining in the said town, who shall thereafter make prayers 
to God for his salvation, etc., as is set forth with greater fulness in the 
said book. 



CXXXIII. 

DofMtions by Mr, William Howe. 1492. (Translation.) 

In the year of our Lord, etc. {sic), (fourteen hundred and) ninet>'- 
two, a discreet man, Mr. William Howe, in honour of Almighty God, 
the most Blessed Virgin Mary, etc. (sic), distributed the goods and 
ornaments underwritten in the manner and effect following, yiz. : — To 
the Altar of the glorious Virgin Mary of Aberdon,^ a corporal with 
a cover of welleous;' to the Altar of S. Ann in the Church of S. 
Nicholas of Aberdene, a corporal with a covering as above, and the pokat 
(sic) with one fiol-phiola (sic) and ane paxbrede/ and two small hand 
towels; to the Altar of S. Nicholas a corporal with a covering of ruby silk, 
a paxbrede, and two hand towels, and a phial, with one woollen (?) ^ cloth ; 
to the Altar of the Monastery of Deir, a corporal with cover ; a corporal 
to the Chapel of Gareauche ; a corporal to the Chapel of S. Mary of 

^ Perhaps we may see here an apprehension of Uie changes which the Reforma^pn was so 
soon to bring. In an earlier charter we found a book prized and wondered at because it was 
printed: here, men grown more Cuniliar with printing, set value on a book because it is 

written, 

' This Altar may have been that of the Church par excellence of Aberdeen — the Cathedral ; 
the Altar of S. Mary in the Church of S. Nicholas receives its benefaction later : if this be 
so, we may perhaps see in the different spelling Aberdon and Aberdene an attempt to dis- 
criminate the town on the Don from that on the Dee. But not much can be founded on the 
spelling of names in medieval documents. 

' The corporal is the pall or doth on which the host is laid at mass ; the covering is the 
veil for the chalice. *' Welleous ** is, no doubt, velvet. 

* The vial may have been a cruet for holding either the wine or the water for the Sacra- 
ment The paxbrede is a small tablet, of brass or other metal, stamped with a sacred sign, 
formerly used in giving the pax or ** kiss of peace '* at the mass. 

' In the Chartulaiy, cum tma lanacio. 



ANDREW buck's CHARTER OF FISHINGS. 245 

Sydgate;^ a corporal to the Friars Preachers of Abirdene ; a corporal to 
the Carmelite Friars of Aberdene ; a corporal with a covering for the 
chalice, and a towel to the Altar of the most holy Virgin of Abirdene ; 
a corporal to the Altar of S. James in the same ; a corporal to the Altar 
of Holy Cross — "le Browne Croyce"; a corporal to the Altar of S. 
Katherine ; a corporal to the Altar of S. Sebastian ; with a covering for 
the chalice to the Altar of S. John the Evangelist. Item^ he left a 
silver chalice, gilt, in the custody of Sir John Strachin, with a small 
book called '' Crede michi," ' a corporal, and two phials, to the Altar 
of S. Thomas the Apostle, of Aberdeen. 



The chaplains of the College of Aberdene, in presence of Master 
Duncan Scherar, commissary of my Lord (Bishop) of Aberdene, granted 
yearly to Sir William Crukschank five shillings for his good ministra- 
tion and service in bread and wine to be shown to them.^ 



CXXXIV. 

The Charter of Andrew Buck of Fishings at the Fords of Dee. 1st March, 

1559. M bstract.) 

To all who shall see or hear this charter, the curate and chaplains 
of the choir of the Collegiate Church of S. Nicholas of Abirdene (wish) 
eternal health in the Lord. Know that we with unanimous consent and 
assent, being met in chapter for the purpose following, our advantage 
in the matter and that of our successors being on all sides pondered 
and diligently considered, for the evident augmentation of our rental, 
and for a certain sum of money paid us in numbered coin by a farseeing 
man, Andrew Buk, burgess of Aberdeen — a sum that has been fully and 
entirely paid and has been wholly converted and applied to our lawful and 
necessary uses, have assigned . . . and let in perpetual feu and heirship 
to the foresaid Andrew Buk and Matilda Mengzes, his wife, conjoined |^ 

' S«ggat, in Auchterless. 

* *' Trust me *' — it may have been a Priest's Guide to his various duties at the altar. 

' The original of this last paragraph is in English. 



( 'I 



246 CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

with him in the feu, and to the longer liver of them, and their heirs 
male legitimately between them, . . . whom failing to their heirs female 
. . • without division ; whom failing to the nearest legitimate heirs of 
the said Andrew, and to his assigns whomsoever, all and whole our 
fishing of half a net of the Fords upon the Water of Dee with its profits 
and pertinents according to use and wont, lying within the liberty of 
the said burgh and sheriffdom of Abirdene, to be held ... by the fore- 
said Andrew Buk and Matilda Mengzes, his wife ... of us and our 
successors the chaplains of the said choir in hereditary feu and free 
burgage. • . . The foresaid Andrew and Metilda, their heirs and assigns, 
paying to us and our successors, or collectors for the time being, the 
sum of nine pounds, thirteen shillings, and four pence, Scots, as the old 
rent, and six shillings and eight pence in augmentation of our yearly 
rent, being more than ever we or our predecessors got from those fishings, 
amounting in all to the sum of ten pounds. . . . Moreover by the 
tenor of those presents we make, constitute, and appoint our beloved 
Mr. George Middiltoun (and) David Mar, both conjointly or either of 
them singly, our irrevocable baillies in this matter, whom we bid and 
command to give sasine ... of the said half-net of fishings at the 
Fords ... to the foresaid Andrew Buk and Matilda Mengzes. . . . 
In faith and testimony of all which the common seal of our chapter is 
appended to this deed which contains within it our precept of sasine, 
and is confirmed by our manual subscriptions, at Aberdene, ist March, 
155J, before witnesses: Alexander CuUen, Alexander Quhyit, Henry 

Naughty, Edward Donaldson, burgesses and inhabitants of the said 
burgh ; William Philp, fisher ; Sir John Lesly,^ chaplain ; Alexander 
Johnstoun, sergeant; Mr. John Kennedy and Mr. Andrew Leslye, 
notaries-public, with divers others. And so it is subscribed — 

So it is. Sir John Collesoun, vicar, with my own hand; Mr. 
John Kennedy, Sir Robert Spark, James Barclay, Sir 
William Walcar, Sir John Wrycht, Sir John Geldsmyt, 
Sir Alexander Leslie, Sir John Blak, Sir Alexander 
Robertsoun, Mr. Edward Mengzeis. 

1 This 18 the most distinguished of all the chaplains whose names appear in the Chartulary 
—the fomous historian and chaplain of Queen Mary, John Leslie, afterwards (1564-96) Bishop 
of Ross. He was at one time Parson of Oyne, in Aberdeenshire. 



LIST OF KINGS. 



247 



So it is, Mr. Thomas MoUisoun, notary-public and common 
clerk of the burgh of Aberdene, attesting that this is a 
true copy of the original feu charter made by the curate 
and chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church of S. 
Nicholas of Abirdene to the late Andrew Buk and Metilda 
Mengzes, his spouse, concerning the undermentioned 
fishings.^ 



[The above is the last Charter contained in the Charttdary. Tliere follow five 
blank pagesy and then the singular entry following. It is in old French^ 
and the handwriting is of the style of the earlier entries, differing 
considerably from the later ones.] 



THE POPE. 



The Emperor of Constantin 

Noble. 
The Emperor of Rome. 
The King of France. 
The King of Spaigne. 
The King of Arragon. 
The King King {sic) of Nauarre. 
The King (of) Portingale. 
The King (of) Da'nemarque. 
The King of Zolbth. 
The King of Nouergue. 
The King of England. 
The King of Scotland. 

The King of Honguerie. 
The King of Poland. 



The King of Bahaigne. 

The King of Cranathdamarth. 

The King of Chipre. 

The King of Cicile. 

The King of Naples. 



Prester John 
The King of 
The King of 
The King of 
The King of 
The King of 
The King of 
The King of 
The King of 
The King of 



Sarot. 

Lauron. 

Marchon. 

Menty. 

Cassy. 

Nyperie. 

Vibreuly. 

Karelle. 

Sannelat. 



> The testing clause is written in a very different hand from the charter itself. 



248 



CHARTULARY OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 



The King of Nordrebrodem. 
The King of Sure. 
The King destarsel (sic). 
The King of Suluen. 
The King of Daureneile. 
The King of Su2e. 
The King of Bougre. 
The King of Salbau 
The King of Hakamerye. 
The King of Disdrael. 
The King of LumeneS. 
The King of Tarize. 
The King of Membelim. 
The King of Harzem,^ 
The King of Colmen. 
The King of Henenen. 
The King of Halax. 
The King of Bacon. 
The King of Mustebell. 
The King of Marmera. 
The King of Dipsuly. 
The King of Barguera. 
The King of CoizemoR. 
The King of Compars. 
The King of Party. 
The King Makeloze. 
The King Didorie. 
The King of Halacria. 
The King of Senicya. 
The King of Barberia. 
The King of Lettoria.* 

The Grand Cane of Castenne.* 



The Sultan of Babilon. 
The King of Moustru. 
The King of Vrthebet 
The King of Comalanthe. 
The King of Nangangrj. 
The King of Pedollie 
The Emperor of Tartary. 
The Emperor of Tarbysonde. 
The Emperor of Sumestot 
The Emperor of Armenie. 
The Emperor of Cynopte. 
The King of Cyquye. 
The King of Nargase: 
The King of Muguevelle. 
The King of Cyngres. 
The Grand Turk of Turquie. 
The King of Gennyt. 
The King of Dalmase. 
The King of Darabye. 
The King Percie. 
The King of Mede. 
The King of Ihestae. 
The King of Gene. 
The King of Magon. 
The King of Hares. 
The King of Cameront. 
The King of Badale. 
The King of Saubrican. 
The King of Chanors. 
The King of Samequin. 
The King of Dangoria. 
The King of Dalmasane. 
The King Barbarie. 



' In the margin : "Here are ye oli&ntia" (elephants). 

* In the margin : ** Christen with fyr •}* " (christened with fire, instead of water). 

> In the margin : " hethynne," heathen. 



LIST OF KINGS. 



249 



The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 



of Thonise. 

of Foes. 

of Balmerin. 

of S^rahan. 

of Senegay. 

of Gamat. 

of Dameloc. 

of Cicia. 

of Bacon. 

of Capadosse. 

of Rursie. 

of Gorro. 

Dastarie. 

of Hammestiona. 

of Tymor. 

of Corquellj. 

of Cynodoa. 

of Massedonig. 

of Caldonnye. 

of Sydomie. 

of Blondy. 

of Caspy. 

of Surie. 

of Cappancie. 

of Cauria. 

of Malmalye. 

of Hauriant. 



The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 
The King 



of Daristar. 
of Hart, 
of Nellene. 
of More, 
of Galba. 
of Mamelone. 
of Dalmeque. 
of Cholomecque. 
of Carie. 
of Carpelye. 
of Caldet. 
of Mo'mye. 
of Sarayne. 
of G3^ope. 
of Faux. 
Destrinent. 
of DoL 
of lopie. 
Dei^arell. 
of Merie. 
of Bazillie. 



Mons. Rot (Robert ?) Pufflit, 
chevalier (?) of Lauduthie, a 
native of Garlies (?), has spent 
twenty-eight years verifying 
these Kingdoms.^ 



[On the next page is written twice.] 

To all the sons of holy Mother Church, William Hay» Thomas 
Smith. 



\ See Note on next page. 
II 






i 



2S0 CHARTULARV OF SAINT NICHOLAS. 

NOTE. 

Throu^ the kindness of Principal Sir William Oeddes I am able to present the 
opinions on the above list of some eminent scholars, Mr. W. W. S. Skeat, Professor W. 
Robertson Smith, Mr. Robert Neil, and the late distinguished historian Mr. Edward A 
Freeman. 

Mr. Skeat remarks that ** many of the names represent kingdoms that never existed. 
The list is a mere piece of guesswork. Any known name could be used, however small the 
town, and it could be spelt or misspelt in any way. The whole thing is worthless except as 
a curiosity. . Moreover other such collections exist. See Tlu Wan of AUxamdMr^ Early 
English Text Society, Extra Series, 1887, pp. 276, 286, and MorU Arikun, Early English 
Text Society, p. a.** Notwithstanding this contemptuous estimate of its value, Bfr. Skeat 
has taken the trouble to identify some of the names ; his conclusions are aa follows : — 

9. Zolbth s Zweth » Sweth a Sweden (?). 

16. Cranath damarth ss (perhaps) KarinUiia s march. March « boundary : cf. Den- 

mark. Scottish MSS. usually write tk for ch^ and make / and c alike. 

17. chipre » Cyprus. 

18. cicille as Sicily. 

20. Ptre lohane s Prester John. 

34. daureneile : cf. Auranitis, in Syria, sooth of Trachonitis. 

35. suxe s Sttsa. 

36. bougre « Bulgaria. 

37. salba = Sabba » Saba (Scotch 66 is always written /6).^ 
39. disdrael » d'Israel. 

41. Tarise » Tarife (1 or s for/) >■ Tarifa. 

47. Bacon » Balkan (?). 

49. Marmera =s Marmora. 

56. didorie m Iturea. 

59. barberia s Barbary. 

6a. babilon = Babylon. 

68. Tartaric >■ Tartary. 

69. tarbysonde « Trebisond. 

70. sumestot ■> Samosata. 

71. Empereur darmenie = The Emperor of Armenia. 

73. Empereur cynople s The Emperor of Sinope (Synople was an old name of 
this city). 

77. Le grant tur de turquie = The Grand Turk of Turkey. 

78. gennyt ss Genet (?). (See art yemut, Skeat's Etymological Dictionary.) 

79. dalmase >■ Dalmatia. 

80. darabye » d* Arabia. 
8x. Percie as Persia. 
82. Mede >■ Media. 

92. dangorie = d* Angela (?). 

94. barbaria ss Barbary. 

95. thonise = Tunis. 

96. foes ss Fez. 



LIST OF KINGS — NOTES. 



2SI 



97. balmerin, a Moorish kingdom mentioned in Chaucer's Prolof^e and in Froissart. 

98. sarahan =s Sahara. 

99. aenygay » Senegal. 
100. gamat = Granada. 

104. capadosse » Cappadocia. 

105. Rursie » Russia. 
107. dastarie a d'Asturias. 
xxa. Massedonig -= Macedon. 

113. caldonnye, for cal[ci]donie = Cha]ecdon[ia]. 

114. sydomie => Sidon. 
X16. Caspy = Caspta. 
117. surie a Syria. 

X19. cauria ■> Caria. (See 130.) 
X2a maknalyc = Mameluke. 

124. nellene = Hellene (?). 

Professor Robertson Smith and Mr. Neil suggest the following : — 

16. cranath damarth = Granada and Murcia. 

22. lauron = Lor, a kingdom in Persia {Marco Polo, i. 15). 

24. menti a Manzi. 

25. cassy = Kinsay, also called Cassay. (See Yule's Marco Polo, ii. 196.) 
33. suluen ss Ceylon (otherwise found as Seilan and Sylen). 

43. harzem = Chorasmia (Khwirizm, pronounced Kh^izm, meaning, of course, the 

wide empire of Khw^izm Shah, which extended into India). 
46. halax s Wallachia {Marco Polo, ii. 490). 

61. Le grant Cane of Castenne » The great Caan of Cathay. 

62. Le Soubdan of Babilon = The Sultan of Egypt (Babylon = Old Cairo). 

63. Moustrott = Misru » Cairo (1/ representing the palatal s). 
73. cyquye a Zecchia, a Ziqueia, Circassia. 

76. cyngres ss Genghis Khan (?) (Timor is given below, 109). 

83. Ihestae n Yezd. 

84. gene = Jaen (?). 

89. saubrican, probably for sambrican = Samarcand, or perhaps Sapur-gan {Marco 

PolOf i. 26). 
93, dalmasene = Tilimsan, Tlemgen = Algeria. Other African states follow — Barbary, 

Tunis, Fez. 
97. balmerin s the Balmerin, i,e., Ba (Beni) Merin, the Merinid dynasty. 
X06. gorro » Novgorod (it follows Russia : Gara and Garat were names vaguely used for 

divisions of that country). 
X08. hamestidna s Esthonia, with Norse karum prefixed. 

125. more >■ Morea (it follows nellene » the country of the Hellenes). 
133. sarayne » Sarai, on the Volga, above Astrachan. 



Mr. Freeman writes characteristically as follows from Weymouth, July 29, x888: 
" That is a passing queer list of kings. Of some I can make nothing, and some that are 
intelligible seem to come over several times. Who is * le Roy disdrael,* ' le Roy de Bacon.* 



252 CHARTULARY OP SAINT NICHOLAS. 

' le R(iy de Mustebell * ? I damay all may be inada out, but hen I have not a map to help 
me. Mark the way in which the d firat geta Joined to the word, and then gate added again, 
aa*Royde darabye,' like *The Alcoran,* or • ChembiiiM *. 'Zolbch* iaa very odd liorm of 

* Sweden,* but it would teem by exhaoation that there ia nothing elae lor it to be. I can 
make nothing of ' cranath damarth,* the only European name that leema hopelesa. ' Cidlle * 
and ' Naplea * distinctly point to the time when the twif Sicilian kingdoms were not joined 
again — Naplea a convenient description of that ciira Plurtm, 

** Who are the e mp e r ors ? * Tartarte, Tarbyionde {rpmr^C^vfr^ Cynople.* Is that 
Constantinople again ? Is Armenia ever called empire elaewhere ? and who on earth is 

* lempereur de sumestot,' as if the Under^king of the Snmorsctas had become Bretwalda ? 
Why not, as well as * Emperor of Austria * ? '* 



« 



APPENDICES. 



APPENDIX I. 

CHARTERS AND OTHER WRITS RELATIVE TO FEU-DUTIES 
OF THE CHAPLAINS OF S. NICHOIJVS' CHURCH, etc. 

A. 
From thb Charter Room of the Town Counql of Aberdeen. 

L 

Charter by John de Kyngome, vicar, to the vicar and chaplains, of three feu- 
duties or annual rents, 4th February, 1439. Printed vol. i. p. 113; vol. 
iL p. 102. 

XL 

Charter by Mathew Fechat, burgess, to the chaplains of the Altar of S. Michael 
of sundry feu-duties, i8th July, 1462. Printed vol. i. p. 87 ; vol. ii. p. 79. 

IP. 

Charter by William Scherar, burgess, to the chaplain at the Altar of SS. Duthac 
and Bridget of two pieces of ground and sundry feu-duties for the benefit 
of the altar and succeeding chaplains, 31st July, 1464. Printed (in part) 
vol. i. p. 19; vol. ii. p. 17. 

in. 

Charter by John KnoUis, burgess, to chaplains of Altar of S. John the Baptist 
of two feu-duties, 9th October, i486. Printed voL i. p. 83 ; vol. ii. p. 76. 

IV. 

Charter by Mariota Bynne, spouse of Andrew Pery, dwelling in Cupar-Angus, 
to Richard Craufurd, of a tenement in Shiprow burdened with the feu-duties 
of 6s. Sd,f and 41. payable to the chaplain of the Altar of S. Katherine 
Virgin, within the Church of S. Machar, 24th April, 1487. 



35^ APPENDICES. 

V. 

Sasine under the hand of John Stinieling, notary pablic, to Sir David Wans, 
vicar of Banfi^ of an annual rent of 20s, from a tenement in the Shipiow 
belonging to John Menzies, burgess, and his qxnise, Margaret Wans, 3rd 
February, 14S8-9. 

VI. 

Sasine under the hand of Walter Falconer, notary public, to Mr. Andrew Lid, 
Treasurer of Aberdeen, of an annual rent of 40s. out of the lands of 
Auchgwyok, and Ardnalx), lying within the barony of Findown, in the 
county of Kincardine, granted by William Kyntor, burgess, proprietor of 
these lands, i6th August, 1491. 

VIL 

Omnibus banc cartam visuris . . . Johannes KnoUis burgensis de Aberdene 
salutem . . . Noueritisme . . . dedisse . . . carissimofiliomeolohannitotam 
et integram illam terram meam cum suis pertinendis lacentem infra villam de 
Aberdene in vico de le gaste Raw ... ex occidentali parte dosdem vid 
inter terram heredum quondam Murdad glastir ex parte australi ex parte 
vna et terram dicti carissimi filii mei ex parte boreali ex parte altera 
Quamquidem terram . . . inhabito et ab . . . David blabir acquesiui . . . 
Tenendam ... in feodo et hereditate ac in libero burgagio ... a me 
. . . Reddendo . . . heredibus vd assignatis quondam laurencii Idth 
annuatim viginti solidos . . . Insuper Noueritis me dedisse . • . dicto 
carissimo filio meo lohanni Knollis antedicto . . . Imperpetuum totum 
et integrum lus et luris clameum patronatus michi spectantes Altaris 
sanctissimi precursoris domini nostri Ihesu christi beati lohannis baptiste 
situati In eodesia parochiali glorionssimi patroni beati Nichokij dicti 
burgi Et dictum patronatum in personam dicti lohannis . • . tianstulisse 
... In cuius Rei testimonium SigiUum meum huic presenti carte mee 
vna cum sigillo prouidi viri Andree cullane junioris vnius balliuonim 
burgi de Aberdene ac datoris sasine dicti terre cum suis pertinenciis 
discreto viro marco stot actomato supradicti lohannis filii mei sunt 
appensa apud burgum de Aberdene decima die mensis Septembris 
Anno domini millesimo quadringentesimo nonogesimo secundo Pre- 
sentibus ibidem prouidis et discretis viris lohanne more lohanne grig 
Willelmo fiithes Andrea murison burgensibus dicti burgi gilberto scroggis 
Philippo Dunbrek vno seriandorum dicti burgi et magistro lohanne 
Baidenagh vicario de gamery Notario publico testibus et aliis diuersis, etc. 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 257 

Abstract of VIl. 

John Knollis, burgess of Aberdeen, grants to his son John his land on the 
W. side of the *' Gaste raw," between the land of the late Murdoch Glastir's 
heirs on the S. and the land of the said son John on the N.; said land presently 
occupi^ by the granter, acquired from David Blabir: to be held from the 
granter: paying therefor to the late Lawrence Leith's heirs 20^. yearly. 
Also the patronage of the Altar of S. John Baptist in S. Nicholas' Church. 
Sealed by the granter : Andrew Cullane, junior, baillie, and giver of sasine 
of the said land to Mark Stot, attorney of the grantee: at Aberdeen, 
loth September, 1492. Witnesses: John More, John Grig, William Futhes, 
Andrew Murison, burgesses; Gilbert Scroggis, Philip Dunbrek, one of the 
sergeants; and Mr. John Baidenagh, vicar of Gamery, Notary Public, etc. 

VIII. 

Vniversis et Singulis ad qucmim noticiam presentes litere peruenerint Alexander 
Rede preposttus thomas fyf Alexander chamer Johannes menzeis et dauid 
prat balliui buigi de Abirdene Etemam in domino Salutem . . . Coram 
nobis in pretorio eiusdem protribunali*sedentibus die lune decimo quinto 
die mensis Aprilis Anno domini millesimo quadringentesimo nonagesimo 
tertio . . . Accessit ad berram discretus vir dominus matheus nicholaij 
capellanus altaris beati petri ApostoH infra ecclesiam parochialem 
beati nicholaij dicti burgi situati et petiit a communi clerico tres 
processus per ipsum legittime productos in tribus capitalibus curiis 
precedentibus perlegi super recuperatione possessionis et proprietatis 
cuiusdam terre lacentis in vico furcarum ex orientali parte eiusdem 
vici inter terram quondam Walteri pyot ex australi ex vna et terram 
olim thome crovdane ex boreali partibus ab altera et communes vias 
regias versus oriens et occidens in defectu solutionis vnius annui Redditus 
viginti solidorum vsualis monete Scotie sibi de eadem terra cum pertinenciis 
annuatim debiti et a longo tempore non soluti . . . Quibusquidam 
. . . perlectis . . . decretum fuit per curiam et datum pro iudicio per os 
lohannis williamsone Indicators ciu'ie quod dictus capellanus proprietatem 
et possessionem dicte terre legittime recuperauit ob et propter defectum 
solutionis annui redditus prenotati Super quibus omnibus et singulis dictus 
capellanus nostras literas testimoniales Sigillis nostris sigillatas reuerenda 
debita petiit et requisiuit quas eidem caritatiue concessimus Coram honor- 
abilibus et famosis viris Alexandro Rede preposito domino lohanne 
rutherfurde de terlane milite Alexandro menzeis thoma prat lohanne 

KK 



ArPENDicn. 

Wonnet WQlelmo Uinsele WfllehBO Kintor buigentibtii PhOippo dnnbrek 
Andrea nachty thoma lamesone et duncano itnlocht tageandic cum 
diuerais aliii.' 

-Et ego Johannet Stinieling presbyter Sanctandreaoc dioceacos pubLicus 
auctoritatibu3 imperiali et rcgali notarius, etc 

Abstract of VIII. 
On jth April, 1493, in preaeiKe of Alexander Rede, prorost, Thomas Fyf; 
ander Chamer, John Menzies, and David Prat, baillie*, sitting in the baiUte 
t, compeared at the bar Sir HathewNich<rison, chaplain <^ the Altar ofS. Peter 
e Parish Church of S. Nicholas, and requested the clerk to read three processes, 
uced at three previous head courts, anent a daim to a land on the E. of the 
Di^te, between the late Walter Pyot's land on the S., the land formerly 
mas Crouden's on the N., and the King's high ways on the E. and W^ in 
lit of payment of an annual rent of aor., payable yearly therefrom, and 
overdue : which being read, the court decreed, and caused to be proclaimed 
ohn Williamsone, crier, that the ^d claim had been established ; and granted 
rs testifying thereto. Witnesses: Alexander Rede, provost; Sir John 
lofurde of TcrUne, Knight; Alexander Menzeis, Thomas Prat, John 
net, William Blintele, William Kintorc, burgesses ; Philip Dunbrek, Andrew 
ity, Thomas Jamesone, Duncan Stralocht, sergeants, etc. 
All certified by John Stirveling, notary public, etc. 

IX. 

libus banc cartam visuris . . . dominus Andreas gray capellanus perpetuus 
altaris beati michaelis Archangeli infra ecclesiam beati nicholaij de abirdene 
situati . . . Salutem . . . noueritis me . . . dedisse . . . curato et capcl- 
lanis coll^i ecclesie parochialis beati nicholaj de Abirdene . . . totos et 
integros . . . vnum annuum redditum trisdecem solidonim et quatuor 
denariorum annuatim leuandum de tribus croftis lohannis collisone 
collateroliter lacentibus le lange riggis vocatis in territorio craflorum dicti buigi 
ex borealt parte eiusdem inter croflum dauid pral ex austnili ex vna et crofiuni 
Andree murray ex boreali partibus ab altera Et vnum annuum redditum sex 
solidorum et octo denariorum vsualis monete scotie de alio crofto dicti 
lohannis le lochefeld vocato lacente ex occidental! parte vie regie qua 
itur ad canoniam a dicto burgo et croftum Andree Culane ex australi et 
communem viam regiam ex boreali Tenendos ... in puram ac peipetuam 

■ BealofChafrMT, M«ni«ii, and Prat complete i one tag empty. 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 259 

Elymosinam . . ^ celd>mi)doindedicticuratusetcapellanietsuisuccessores 
pro salute axiinie mee et axiimarum quondam Roberti giay et Elene sponse 
sue paxeotum meorum ... ad dictum ajtare vnam missam de nomine 
Ihesu saluatoris nostri Necnon capellanus perpetuus dicti altaris post 
dftcysBiuw meum annuatim singulis annis fiituris in die obitus mei exequias 
viz placebo et dirige et missaxn -de Requie celebrabit . . . Jn cuius Rei 
testimonium huic presenti carte mee Sigillum meum et sigillum prouidi 
viri Andree culane vnius balliuorum dicti buigi sunt appensa apud Abirdene 
vicesimo primo die mensis Octobris anno domini miUesimo quadringentesimo 
nonagesimo tertio Coram discretis prouidis et famosis viris Alexandro fif 
domino Willelmo moresone curato dominis lohanne Strauchin matheo 
nicholsone lohanne prat Alexandro gray capellanis dicti collegii magistro 
Andrea craufurde Willelmo colp Andrea nachty sergeando et domino 
lohanne Stirueling presbitro ac notaiio publico. 

Abstract of IX. 

Sir Andrew Gray, perpetual chaplain of the Altar of S. Michael, grants to the 
curate and chaplains of the college of the Parish Church of S. Nicholas an annual 
rent of 13X. ^d, from three crofts, the 'Mang rigs," belonging to John Collisone, 
and lying in the N. part of the zone of crofts, between David Prat's croft on the 
S. and Andrew Murray's croft on the N.; and an annual rent of 6x. 8^. from 
another croft of John Collisone's, the " lochfield,'' lying to the W. of the king's 
highway that leads to the Chanonry, and [between] Andrew Culane's croft on the 
S. and the king's highway on the N. : to be held in pure and perpetual alms : 
celebratii^ therefor, for the souls of the gianter and his parents, Robert Gray 
and Blen, his spouse, a mass of the Name of Jesus, and yearly after the granter's 
decease on the day of his death, obsequies, viz. : Placebo and Dirige and a 
requiem Mass. Sealed by the granter and Andrew Culane, baillie, at Aberdeen, 
2ist October, 1493. Witnesses: Alexander Fi( Sir William Moreson, curate ; 
Sirs J(^n Strauchin, Mathew Nicholsone, John Prat, Alexander Gray, chaplains ; 
Mr. Andrew Craufurde, William Colp, Andrew Nachty, sergeant; and John 
Stirueling, priest and notary public. 

X. 

In del Nomine Amen . . . Anno Incarnationis dominice millesimo quad- 
ringentesimo Nonagesimo octauo mensis vero Octobris die vicesimo 
tertio ... In mei notarii pubUci et testium subscriptorum presentia 
personaliter constituti lohannes litster burgensis de Aberdene et agnes 



26o APPENDICES. 

Club sponsa sua . . . vnum annuum Tedditum sex solidoram . . . de totis 
et integris terns suis lacentibus in vico viridi inter tonentem ad 
moleiidinum Inferius discendentem ex oriental! ex vna et ternun ftatnim 
carmelitanim ex occidental! paitibus ab altera et communem viam 
regiam versus boriam In manibus prouidi viri Andree Cnllane seiiioris 
vnius balliuonim dicti burgi . . . resignarunt Et consequenter Idem 
balliuus . . . sasiiuun successoriam totius et Integri annui redditus 
prelibati cum suis pertinentiis domino Andree Couper ooUecton ac 
procuratorio nomine capellanorum ecclesie parochialis beati nicholaij dicti 
buigi deliberauit . . . Acta erant hec super solum dicte terre. . • . 
£t ego lohannes Stirueling, etc. 

• 

Abstract of X, 

On a3rd October, 1498, compeared John Litster, burgess, and Agnes Qub, 
his spouse, and resigned an annual rent of 6x. from their lands in the Green 
between the bum that descends to the Nether Mill on the £., the land of the 
Carmelite Friars on the W., and the king's highway on the K., into the hands of 
Andrew Cullane, elder, baillle ; who thereupon gave sasine thereof to Andrew 
Couper, collector for the chaplains of the Church of S. Nicholas. 
All certified by John Stirveling, N.P. 



XL 

Vniversis et singulis ad quorum noticiam presentes litere peruenerint thomas 
leslie Johannes mar lohannes coUisoun et lohaimes Ratre balliui 
buigi de Aberdene £temam in domino salutem . . . Coram nobis in 
pretorio eiusdem protribunali sedentibus octauo die mensis lanuarij 
aimo domini millesimo quingentesimo tertio . . . accessit ad barram 
discretus vir dominus lohannes prat capellanus ac procurator altarium 
Sanctorum crucis thome et georgei martiris infra ecclesiam parochialem 
sancti nicholaii dicti burgi situatorum et petiit a clerico communi 
tres processus per ipsum legittime productos in tribus curiis capitalibus 
precedentes perlegi super recuperatione cuiusdem terre waste quondam 
Willelmi buchan jacentis infra dictum biirgum in vico caustri inter 
terram lohannis Ratre ex australi ex vna et commune viam regiam 
ex boreali partibus ab altera et terram Alexandri mathesoun versus 
occidens et portam communem versus oriens In defectu solutionis 
vnius annui redditus quatuor solidonim sibi et dicto altari sancti 
crucis a longo tempore debiti et non soluti £t in defectu solutionis 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 



261 



vnius annul redditUB trisdecim solidorum et qtiatuor denariorum sibi 
et dicto altari beatorum thome et geoigei a longo tempore debiti et non 
soluti Quibtts . . . perlectis . . . decretum fuit per curiam et datum pro 
ludido ex ore Alexandri lofrasoun Indicatoris curie quod dictus dominus 
lohannesproprietatem et possessionem prefate terre cum pertinentiis legitime 
recuperauit propter defectum solutionis pre&torum annuorum reddituum 
Super quibus omnibus et singulis dictus procurator nomine procuratorio quo 
supra has nostras literas testimoniales sigillis nostris Roboratas vna cum 
subscriptione notarii publici subscripti reuerencia debita petiit quas eidem 
caritatiue concessimus presentibus honorabilibus et famosis viris Alexandro 
mengzeis i»reposito Andrea cullan dauid mar Alexandro gray patricio leslie 
magistro Andrea cadiow Dauid Straloth burgensibus dicti buigi Willelmo 
scrimgeour et Andrea nauchty seigeandis. . . . ^ 
Et ^o Johannes Stirueling, etc. 

Abstract of XL 

On 8th January, 150J, in presence of Thomas Leslie, John Mar, John CoUi- 
soun, and John Ratre, baillies, sitting in the baillie court, compeared at the bar 
Sir John Prat, chaplain of the Altars of the Holy Rood and of SS. Thomas and 
Geoige, Martyr, in the Parish Church of S. Nicholas, and requested the clerk to 
read three processes, produced at three previous head courts, anent a claim to 
the late William Buchan's waste land in the Castlegate, between John Ratre's 
land on the S., the king's highway on the N., Alexander Mathesoun's land on 
the W., and the common port on the E., in default of payment of an annual rent 
of 4J. payable to him and the said Altar of the Holy Rood, and of an annual rent 
of 13X. 4i/. payable to him and the said Altar of SS. Thomas and George, both 
long overdue : which being read, the court decreed, and caused to be proclaimed 
by Alexander Jofrasoun, crier, that the said claim had been established, and 
granted letters testifying thereto. Witnesses: Alexander Mengzeis, provost; 
Andrew Cullan, David Mar, Alexander Gray, Patrick Leslie, Mr. Andrew 
Cadiow, David Straloth, burgesses ; William Scrimgeour and Andrew Nauchty, 
sergeants. 

All certified by John Stirveling, N.P., etc. 



xn. 

Charter by Malcolm Crag, burgess of Aberdeen, to Mr. William Strathathin, 
rector of the Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary ad Nives in the University 

* Seals of Mar, CoUiaon, and Leslie extant. 



S6S APKNDICBS. 

of Abefdeen, of ab annual sent of tor. out of a tenoaent on the noith side 
of Caatle Straet, sth June, 1505. 

XIIL 

In Nomine domini Amen • . . Anno Incamationia doounice miUesimG 
quingentesimo quinto mensis veio lunii die vioesimo ... In met notarii 
publid et testium subscriptorum preaentia peraonaliter constitutua hononbilis 
\ir lohannes cullane burgensis buxgi de Aberdene . • • annnum ledditum 
decern aoUdonim . . . de tota et integra teira faeredum quondam 
Willelmi anderaon jacente in vioo furcarum died buigi ex parte ocd- 
dentaii eiuadem vici inter tenam quondam Mathei maa^ ex boreali 
ex vna et tenam quondam WiUelmi anderaon ex Auatrali partibus ab 
altera et communes vias lUgiaa versus orrirfftis et oriena per mum 
denarium In manibus prouidi viri Thome Waua vnias balliuorum de Aber- 
dene . . . resignauitEt . . . prefatusballiuussasinamsuccessoriamdiaaeto 
viro domino lohanni Striueling capellano altaris beate Katherine vifginis 
situati in ecclesia parochiali dicti buigi iiindati per quondam bone memorie 
Thomam chamor . . . deliberauit secundum tenorem carte sibi desuper 
confecte pro excambio vnius annui redditus decem solidorum dicto capellano 
et suis successoribus debito de quadam terra lacenti ex australi parte domus 
piorum et Religiosorum virorum fratrum minorum infra dictum burgum In- 
super pre&tus lohannes cullane Resignauit in manibus prefati balliui vnum 
annuum redditum decem solidorum de tota et integra terra sua lacenti in le 
hukstar raw dicti burgi ex australi parte dusdem vici inter terram quondam 
Willelmi buchane ex oriental! ex vna et communem viam R^giam ex 
orientali [sic] partibus . . . Idem balliuus . . . sasinam . . . pre&to 
domino Johanni striueling . . . exhibuit . . . Acta fuenxnt hoc infra 
burgum de Aberdene et apud dictas terras hora vndecima ante merediem 
. . . presentibus ibidem circumspectis viris Andrea cullane lohanne Waus 
Duncano colison andrea louson burgensibus de Aberdene Alexandro 
Inglis Willelmo still Willelmo couper Andrea farquhar vna cum WiUelmo 
scrymgeour et Andrea naghty duobus seriandorum dicti burgi cum aliis 
testibus. ... 

Et ego lohannes Baidenagh clericus Aberdonensis dioceseos Imperiali et 
Regali auctoritatibus notarius publicus, etc. 

Abstract of XIIL 

On 20th Jupe, 1505, at II a.m., compeared John Cullane, burgess^ and 
resigned an annual rent of los. from the land of the late William Anderson's 




CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 36) 

beifs, lying en the W. side of the GaUowgate, between the kte Mathew Massy's 
land on the N.» the late William Anderson's land on the S., and the king's high- 
ways on the W. and £., into the hands of Thomas Waus, baillie; who there- 
upon granted sasine thereof to Sir John Striveling, chaplain of the Altar of S. 
Katherine founded in the Parish Church by Thomas Chamor, according to the 
tenor of a charter providing for the excambion of an annual rent of los, belong- 
ing to the said chaplain from lands lying to the S. of the buildings of the Minor 
Friars. Further, the said John Cullane resigned an annual rent of lOf. from his 
land on the S. side of the Huxter-raw, between the late William Buchan's land 
on the £. and the king's highway on the E. [?}, into the hands of the said baillie, 
who infeft the said Sir John Striveling therein. Witnesses : Andrew Cullane, John 
Waus, Duncan Collison, Andrew Lowson, burgesses ; Alexander Inglis, William 
Still, William Couper, Andrew Farquhar; William Scrymgeour, and Andrew 
Naghty, sergeants. 

All certified by John Baidenagh, N.P. 

XIV. 
In dei Nomine Amen . . . anno Incamationis dominice millesimo quin- 
gentesimo quinto mensis vero nouembris die tertia ... In mei notarii 
publici et testium infrascriptorum presentia personaliter constitutus lohannes 
Patre vnus balliuorum burgi de Abirdene de special! mandato Alexandri Red 
buigensis dicti buigi sasinam successoriam vnius annul Redditus viginti sex 
solidorum et octo denariorum annuatim leuandi de tota et Integra terra 
tam subteriore quam superiore quondam Walteri atkin lacenti infra dictum 
burgum in le chakaraw inter tenam quondam gilberti Waus de many ex 
orientali ex vna et communem viam Regiam ex occidentali partibus 
ab altera et terram quondam Thome pmt yersus boream et communem 
viam Regiam versus austrum Et alterius annui Redditus trisdecim 
solidorum et quatuor denariorum vsualis monete scode annuatim per- 
dpiendi de quadam terra quondam patricii nicholsoun pistons lacenti 
infra dictum burgum in vico furcarum ex occidentali parte eiusdem vici inter 
terram lohannis cullan ex australt ex tna et terram lohannis collisoun ex 
boreali partibus ab altera et communem viam Regiam versus oriens et terram 
lohannis moir versus occidens . . . domino lohanni Reid capellano 
. . . deliberauit ad celebranda diuina suffragia pro salute anime dicti 
Alexandri anime quondam mariore cullan sponse sue parentum suorum 
benefactorum ac omni fidelium defunctorum ad altare sancti cristofori 
infre eoclesiam perrothialem dicti burgi situati secundum tenorem carte sue 
desuper confectis Saluo jure cuiuslibet . . . Acta erant hec super solum 



364 APPENDICES. 

dictanim tenarum hora quasi duodecima in meredie • . . presentibiis Ibidem 
fiEUDOsis et discretis viris dominis dauid Leis lohanne blak et dauid liell 
capellanis Dauid takour thoma stralocht buxgensibus Et Andrea naudity 
seriando. . • . 

£t ego lohannes Striueling, etc. 



Abstract of XIV. 

On 3rd November, 1505, at noon, compeared John Patre, baillie, special 
mandatory of Alexander Red, burgess, and did infeft Sir John Reid, chaplain, in 
an annual rent of 261. %d. from the late Walter Atkin's land in the Chakeraw, 
between the late Gilbert Waus' land on the £., the late Thomas Prat's land on the 
N., and the king's highways on the W. and S.; and in another annual rent of 13J. 
41/. from the late Patrick Nicholsoun's land on the W. side of the Gallowgate 
between John Cullan's land on the S., John Collisoun's land on the N., John 
Moir's land on the W., and the king's highway on the E. : for the celebration 
of services for the souls of the said Alexander, his late spouse, Marjory 
Cullan, etc., at the Altar of S. Christopher within the Parish Church. Witnesses : 
Sirs David Leis, John Blak and David Liell, chaplains ; David Talzour, Thonuis 
Stralocht^ burgesses ; and Andrew Nauchty, sergeant, etc. 
All certified by John Striveling, N.P. 



XV. 

Omnibus hanc Caitam visuris . . • Alexander Mathesone burgensis burgi de 
Abiidenne ac verus legittimuaet Indubitatus patronus altaris sancti cri8t<rferij 
martiris infra ecclesiam parrodiialem dicti buigi situati ac Alius et heres 
quondam mariorie cullane Etemam in domine Salutem . . . Noueritis me 
in augmentum diuini cultus honorem dei omnipotentis beatissime viiginis 
marie beati cristoferi et omnium sanctorum pro salute animarum quondam 
dictis mariorie cullan matris mee et Alexandri Reid de petfodellis sponsi 
sui . . . dedisse . . . discreto viro domino Andree chamer capellano 
perpetuo dicti altaris totos et int^^ros annuos redditus meos subscriptos 
viz vnum annuum Redditum decim solidorum annuatim leuandum de 
tota et integra ilia terra quondam Roberti Eriot Jacente in vico 
furcarum ex orientali parte eiusdem inter terram quondam thome Schethin 
ex australi ex vna et aliam terram dicti quondam Roberti ex boreali 
partibus ab altera Vnum annuum redditum quadraginta denariorum 
annuatim exeuntem de terra tam anteriore quam Interiore quondam thome 
gilespy ex occidentali parte eiusdem vici inter terram quondam Waiteri 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 265 

thonisone ex australi et tenram Jacobi colisoun ex boreali Et vnum annuum 
redditum viginti solidorum vsualis monete scocie de terra mea propria tarn 
anteriore quam Interiore Jacente ex occidentali parte dicti vici inter terrain 
quondam cristini litstar ex australi ex vna et terram walteri wod ex boreali 
partibus ab altera Tetiendos ... a me ... in puram et perpetuam 
Elimosinam . . . Faciendo inde dictus dominus Andreas et sui Succes- 
sores capellani perpetui prefati altaris diuina suffragia debita et consueta 
ad Idem perpetuis temporibus futuris pro salute animarum predictarum ac 
omnium fidelium defiinctonim ... In cuius rei testimonium huic presenti 
carte mee sigillum meum et sigillum honorabilis viri thome leslie vnuis 
balliuorum dicti bui^ ac datoris sasine huiusmodi annuorum reddituum prefato 
domino Andree sunt appensa apud eundem burgum decimo octauo die mensis 
februarii anno doroini millesimo quingentesimo sexto Coram prouidis et 
fanK>sis viris Andrea litstar roberto murray dauid straloche Wilhelmo mathesoun 
georgio doUoche Alexandro porter burgensibus Normanno lesly Willelmo scrim- 
geour et Johanne cuk sergeandis Ac domino Johanne stirueling Notario publico. 

Abstract of XV. 

Alexander Matheson, burgess, and patron of the Altar of S. Christopher in 
the Parish Church, son and heir of the late Marjory Cullane— for the welfare of 
the souls of his said mother and her spouse, Alexander Reid of Petfodellis — 
grants to Sir Andrew Chalmer, chaplain of the said altar, an annual rent of lox. 
from the late Robert Eriot's land on the E. of the Gallowgate, between the late 
Thomas Schethin's lai)d on the S. and the said Robert's land on the N.; an 
annual rent of 40^ from the late Thomas Gilesp/s land on the W. of the said 
street, between the late Walter Thomsone's land oh the S. and James Colisoun's 
land on the N. ; and an annual rent of 20s, from the granter's land on the W. 
of the said street between the late Cristinus Litstar's land on the S. and Walter 
Wod's land on the N. : to be held in alms from the granter : performing therefor 
the usual services. Sealed by the granter, and by Thomas Leslie, baillie, and 
giver of sasine : at Aberdeen, 8th February, 150^, Witnesses: Andrew Litstar, 
Robert Murray, David Straloche, William Mathesoun, George DoUoche, 
Alexander Porter, burgesses; Norman Leslie, William Scrimgeour, and John 
Cuk, sergeants ; and Sir John Stirveling, notary. 

XVI. 

In dei Nomine Amen . . . anno Incarnationis dominice millesimo quin- 

gentesimo septimo mensis vero februarii die vndecimo ... In mei |^ 

notarij publici et testium Infrascriptorum presentia personaliter constitutus 

LL 



r' 



266 APPENDICES. 

venerabilis vir magister Wilheltnus strathathin rector ecdesie 
virginis marie ad Niues . • . vnum annuum redditum viginti solidonnn 
. . . de tota et int^ta terra anteriore malcomi crage buigensis de 
Abirdene Jacente infra dictum burgum in vico castri ex boreali parte eiusdem 
via inter terram quondam Willelmum nicholsone ex orientali ex vna et 
terram dauidis Kintor ex occidentali partibus ab altera et communem viam 
regiam versus austrum et terram intenorem quondam rannaldi tailzour versus 
boream In manibus honorabilis viri Willelmi portar vnius balliuorum dicti 
burgi resignauit ... ad dandum sasinam successoriam eiusdem curate et 
capellanis chori ccclesie parrochialis dicti buigi Et consequenter dictus 
balliuus . . . sasinam . . . domino Willelmo couper collectori ac pro- 
curaton dictorum capellanorum . . . deliberauit secundum tenorem carte 
inde sibi conficiende pro vno anniuersio annuatim celebrando . . • Acta 
erant hec super solum dicte terre hora quasi vndecima ante merediem . . . 
presentibus Ibidem prouidis et honestis viris Alexandro gray Wilhelmo 
cheishame Dauid strathathin Dauid grig Willelmo gray Johanne ribume 
Andrea smitht Andrea hale burgensibuset Willelmo scrimgeoursergeando. • • . 
Et ego Johannes Stirueling, etc. 

Ads/raci of XVI. 

On nth February, 150', at 11 a.m., compeared Mr. William Strathathin, 
Parson of the Church of the Blessed Virgin ad Nives,^ and resigned an annual 
rent of 20s. from the foreland of Malcolm Crage, burgess, on the N. side of 
the Castlegate, between the late William Nicholsone's land on the E., IDavid 
Kintor*s land on the W., the king's highway on the S., and the late Rannald 
Tailzour*s land on the N., into the hands of William Portar, baillie; who there- 
upon granted sasine therefore to Sir William Coupar, collector for the chaplains of 
the choir of the Parish Church, according to the tenor of a charter providing for 
the celebration of an aimiversary. Witnesses : Alexander Gray, William Cheis- 
hame, David Strathathin, David Grig, William Gray, John Ribume, Andrew 
Smith, Andrew Hale, burgesses ; and William Scrimgeour, sergeant 
All certified by John Stirueling, N.P., etc 

XVII. 

Sasine of a sixth part of a tenement on the north side of Castle Street on the 
resignation of Christina Blinseill, one of the heirs of the late Mr. John 
Baidienagh, Vicar of Gemry, with consent of her husband, Duncan Collison, 
to Mr. John Fleschear, Chancellor of Aberdeen, nth July, 15 16. 

* See Tramactioni of the Aberdeen EccUsio logical Society , part i. 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 



267 



XVIII. 

In dei Nomine Amen . . . anno Incamationis millesimo quingentesimo decimo 
octauo die mensis maii decimo sexto ... In mei notarii publici infra- 
scripti testiumque infrascriptorum presentia personaliter constitutus honestus 
vir dominus thomas Wryt cappellanus . . . resignauit totam et integram 
terram suam cum suis pertinenciis Jacentem in vico furcarum ex orientali 
parte eiusdem vici inter terram Alexandri gray ex boreal! parte ex vna 
et terram roberti piper ex australi partibus ab altera et communem viam 
regiam ex occidentali et orientali partibus et communes vias regias [sic] In 
manibus prouidi viri Alexandri menzes vnius balliuonim dicti burgi ad dandam 
sasinam et possessionem hereditariam venerabili viro magistro thome chamer 
cappellano perpetuo altaris beate marie virginis et sancti JosefT situati in 
ecclesia parrothiali beati nicolaii de abirden et suis successoribus capellanis 
dicti altaris pro diuinis seruiciis pro ipso et patre ac matre eiusdem . . . Et 
consequenter balliuus . . . sasinam contulit . . . secundum tenorem carte 
Inde conficiende . . . Acta erant hec super solum dicte terre bora sexta 
post merediem . . . Presentibus bonorabilibus viris Alexandro king 
bui^ensi de Abirdene domino iohanne cuming capellano Waltero cadio 
Willelmo meldrum alias et Waltero allasone alias saneral 

sergeando. . . . 

£t ^o Henricus Rust clericus Aberdonensis dioceseos sacra apostolica 
autoritate notarius publicus. . . . 

Adstraa of XVIIL 

On i6th May, 15 18, at 6 p.m., compeared Thomas Wryt, chaplain, and 
resigned his land on the E. of the Gallowgate, between Alexander Gray's land on 
the N., Robert Piper's land on the S., and the king's highways on the W. and £., 
into the hands of Alexander Menzes, baillie; who thereupon granted sasine 
thereof to Mr. Thomas Chamer, chaplain of the Altar of the Virgin and S. 
Joseph, in the Church of S. Nicholas, according to the tenor of a charter pro- 
viding for the performance of services for the granter and his parents. Witnesses : 
Alexander King, burgess; Sir John Cuming, chaplain; Walter Cadio, William 
Meldrum, alias ; and Walter Allasone, alias ''Saneral," sergeant. 

All certified by Henry Rust, Notary Public, etc. 



XIX. 

Sasine to Sir John Waus, chaplain of Altar of Jesus, of tenement belonging to 
John Arthour, 14th August, 1520. (Printed in voL i. p. 144 ; vol. ti. p. 128.) 



368 AITKNDICES. 

XX. 

Omnibus hanc Caitam visuris . . . Johannes Colisone biugensis de Ahirdene 
Eternam in domino Salutem . . . Nouerids me in honorem dei omnipolentis 
eiusdemque intemerate genitricis marie omniumque sanctorum pro salute 
anime mee anime elezabeth leslie sponse mee animabus patris maths mee 
proliumque parentum et benefactorum meorum eorumque . . . dedisse 
prouidis et discretis viris Curato et capellanis chori ecclesie parrochialis 
diui Nicholaij de Abirdene vnum annuum Redditum vigenti solidonim 
annuatim . . . de totis et int^is terris meis Jacentibus infra burgum 
de Abirdene in vico furcanim ex occidentali parte eiusdem inter 
terram quondam agnetis bouquhen' ex australi ex vna terram quondam 
georgii saidlar ex borcali partibus ab altera communem viam regiam versus 
oriens Tenendum ... a me de supremo domino nostro rege ... in puram 
et perpetuam elimosinam . . . Faciendo . . . dicti curatus capellani et 
eorum successores annuatim celebrabunt ad altare diui michaelis infra dictam 
ecclesiam vnum anniuersarium siue exequias defunctorum viz placebo et 
dirige prima vigiUa proximi fesii diem sepulture mee immediate sequentis ac 
missam de nota in eodem festo cum ceteris missis trigintaltbus per ebdomadam 
sequentem et moris est pro salute animarum predictarum . . . Et demum 
collector dictorum capellanorum qui pro tempore fuerit prooonem cum 
campana manuali totum opidum preire faciet in dicta vigilia vt incitetur 
populus ad orandum pro anima mea et pro animabus predictis tabulam super 
monumentum meum ponet quod pallio decente cooperiet luminaria cerea 
inueniet sacristam dicte ecclesie companas trina vice ad hujusmodi exequias 
et similiter ad missam pulsare faciet ceteraque omnia alia et singula in 
similibus anniucrsariis vsitata et consueta adimplebit ... In quorum omnium 
et singulorum fidem et testimonium Sigillum meum vna cum sigillo 
honorabilis viris thome chavmer vnius balliuorum dicti buigi ac datoris 
sasine presentibus sunt appensa apud eundem quinto die mensis octobris 
Anno domini millesimo quingentesimo vicesimo Coram testibus Magistros 
dauid Menzes thoma chavmer dauid nicholsone sacerdotibus et notariis 
publicis Johanne Vsschart Johanne Unsay burgensibus de abirdene Dauid 
herroun et Waltero saweray seriandis, etc. 

Abstract of XX, 

John Colison, burgess, for the welfare of the souls of himself, of Elizabeth 
Leslie, his spouse, of his parents, etc., grants to the curate and chaplains of 

' Given at hHehquken in the aaaine. 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 269 

the choir of the Chuicb of S. Nicholas an annual rent of 9qs. from his lands 
on the W. of the Gallowgate, between the late Agnes Bouquhen's land on the S., 
the late Geoige Saidlar's land on the N., and the king's highway on the E« : to be 
held from him, of the king, in pure alms : celebrating therefor at the Altar of S. 
Michael an anniversary, viz. : placebo and dirige on the vigil of the feast suc- 
ceeding the day of my burial, and a mass de nota on the same feast, with other 
masses during the ensuing week. And the collector of the chaplains shall 
cause a crier with a handbell to go through the town inviting all people 
to pray for the souls aforesaid, an4 shall place a table with a proper cover 
over the granter's tomb, and shall furnish wax lights, and shall cause the sacrist 
to ring the church bells thrice at the anniversary and at the mass, and shall do 
all other things customary at anniversaries. Signed by the granter and by Thomas 
Chaumer, baillie, and granter of sasine, at Aberdeen, 5th October, 1520. 
Witnesses: Mr*. David Menzes, Thomas Chaumer, David Nicholsone, priests 
and notaries; John Usschart, John Linsay, burgesses; David Herroun and 
Walter Saweray, sergeants. 

XXI. 

Sasine on the last under the hand of David Nicholson, Notary, 5th October, 
1520. 

XXII. 

• 

Sasine on resignation of Mr, John Cuming, Prebendary of Deir and Canon of 
the Cathedral Church of Aberdeen, to Andrew Stratouni of a tenement on 

■ 

the east side of the Gallowgate, 15th November, 152 1. 

XXIP. 

In dei Nomine Amen . . . Anno Incamationis dominice millesimo quin- 
gentesimo vigesimo primo mensis vero marcii die octauo ... In mei 
notarii publici et testium infrascriptorum presentia personaliter constitutus 
honorabilis vir Patricius leslie vnius balliuorum de Abirdene virtute sui officii 
contulit statum possessionem et sasinam hereditariam vnius annui redditus 
quinque solidorum annuatim exeuntem et leuandum de tota et int^;ra terra 
quondam Johannis Watsoun Jacente infra dictum burgdm in vico furcarum 
e3( occidentali parte eiusdem inter terram capellanorum ecclesie cathediralis 
de Abirdene ex australi ex vna terram quondam Johannis myll ex boreali 
partibus ab altera communes vias regias versus oriens et occidens Frouido 
viro domino Johanni waus capellano procuratori et eo nomine roberti stevin- 
sone . . . Et consequenter idem procurator de mandate ipsius domim' 



270 APPENDICES. 



is eundem annnum redditum quinqae tolidonim in manibus 
* eiusdem balliui resignauit in firaorem capdlanoram chori eodesie porochialis 

abiidonensis et demum idem balliuus contnlit possessionem et sastnam 

hereditariam hujusmodi annui redditus discreto viro Dauid Waus capellano 

V ... Acta eranl hec super solum dicte terre bora drciter decima ante 

meridiem . . . Presendbus honorabilibus viris Alexandra setoun de 

meldrum thoma menzes de petfodellis Johanne leslie de wardens 

; Johanne andersoun burgensibus de Abirdene Dauid herroun et Waltero 

saweray sergiandis testibus.' 

Et ego Dauid nicholsone artium professor presbiterque Abirdonensis 
dioceseos Sacra apostolica auctoritate notanus publicus. . • . 

A^stracf of XXIP. 

On 8th March, 152^ about 10 A.M., compeared Patrick Leslie, baillie, and 
granted sasine of an annual rent of 5^. from the late John Watsoun's land on 
the W. of the Gallowgate, between the land of the chaplains of the Cathedral 
on the S., the land of John Myll on the N., and the king's highways on the E. 
and W., to John Waus, chaplain, and procurator for Robert Stevinsone ; and the 
said procurator resigned the said annual rent into the hands of the said baillie, 
who thereupon granted sasine thereof to David Waus, chaplain, for behoof of 
the chaplains of the choir of the Parish Church. Witnesses : Alexander Setoun 
of Meldrum, Thomas Menzes of Petfodellis, John Leslie of Wardens, John 
Anderson, burgesses; David Herroun, and Walter Saweray, sergeants. 
All certified by David Nicolsone, Notary Public, etc. 

XXIIL 

In dei nomine amen . . . Anno incamationis dominice millesimo quin- 
quentesimo vigesimo tertio ... In mei notarit publici ac testium infra- 
scriptorum presentia personaliter constitutus honestus Juuenis wilhelmus 
crag filius honesti viri roberti crag burgensis de Aberdene De speciali et 
mandato dicti patris sui roberti crag et matris sue agnetis adamsone pro 
additione fundati )nis dicti sui patris pro annuierarsio suo pro perpetuo 
celibraturo per capellanos collegii beati nicholaii de abirdene accessit ad 
quamdam terram seu tenementum Jacentem in vico furcarum ex oriental! 
parte eiusdem inter terram olim forsy Dauisone ex boreali parte ex vna 
et terram Willelmi tulidefT et suorum heredum ex australi partibus ab 

' Stevenaon't seal complete. 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 



271 



altera et cdmmunem viam regiam versus occidens et extendentem ad ortum 
olim Johannis cwk versus oriens vna cum pistrino eiusdem et ibidem in 
manibus honorabilis viri Jasperdi cullane vnius balliuorum de Aberdene 
. . . resignauit vnum annuum redditum quatuor solidonim monete 
regni scotie annuatim solvendonim curato et capellanis ecclesie nicholaii 
de Aberdene. . . . Et consequenter dictus balliuus . . . dedit . . . dauidi 
Wauss . . . collector! . . . capellanorum ... posstsssionem . . . Acta 
erant hec super solum dicti seu tenement! bora quasi decima ante meridiem 
. . . testibus honestis viris georgio bissait burgensi seniori Wilhelmo lorimer 
Roberto barbor fyifT burgensibus dominis Johannis waus dauid lorimer 
capellanis Waltero saiffra seriando cum diuersis aliis. 

£t ^o Magister thomas chawmer presbiter Aberdonensis dioceseos 
sacra autoritate apostolica notarius publicus, etc. 

Abstract of XXIIL 

On , 1523, at 10 A.M., compeared William, son of Robert 

Craig, burgess, and Agnes Adamsone, his spouse, by mandate of his parents, and 
— ^for increment of his Other's foundation of an anniversary to be celebrated by 
the chaplains of the College of S. Nicholas — ^resigned an annual rent of ^r. 
from a land on the £. of the Gallowgate, between the land formerly Forsy 
Davisone's on the N., the land of William Tulideff and his heirs on the S., the 
lung's highway on the W., and the yard formerly John Cwk's on the £., into the 
hands of Jasper Cullane, baillie, who thereupon granted sasine thereof to David 
Wauss, collector for the chaplains. Witnesses : George Bissait, senior burgess ; 
William Lorimer, Robert Barbor, Fife, burgesses; Sirs John Waus, David 
Lorimer, chaplains ; Walter SaifTra, sergeant. 

All certified by Mr. Thomas Chawmer, notary, etc. 



XXIV. 

In dei Nomine amen . . . Anno Incamationis dominice millesimo quingentesimo 
vigesimo septimo mensis vero Julii die decimo tertio ... In mei notarii 
publici et testium infrascriptorumpresentiaPersonaliter constitutusdiscietus vir 
magister thomas chalmer Curatus de Abirdene ac capeUanus perpetuus altaris 
beatissime viiginis marie infra ecdesiam parrochialem diui nicolayii de aber- 
dene fundati et situati • . . Totum et integrum iUud tenementum suum 
cum pertinenciis Jacens infra dictum burgum in vico furcarum ex orientali 
parte eiusdem inter terram roberti pipar ex australi ex vna terram quondam 
alexandri gray ex boreali partibus ab altera Et communes vias regias versus 



274 



APPENDICES. 



Abstract of XXVL 



Andrew Durty, bui^ess, grants his land on the W. of the Gallowgate, 
between the land of the Altar of S. Stephen on the S., Nicholas Baxter's land 
on the N., John Murray junior's land on the W., and the king's highway on the 
£., to the curate and chaplains of the Church of S. Nicholas, as surety for an 
annual rent of i2| merks from the land, yard, and bam of John Murray, burgess ; 
to be held from the granter of the king ; rendering burgage service^ Sealed by 
the granter and by Alexander Rutherford, baiUie, at Aberdeen, 31st March, 1533. 
Witnesses : Robert Blak, John Murray, David Arrat, buigesses ; Sire William 
Philpson, Alexander Robertson, John Waus, David Waus, chaplains; and 
Thomas Hunter, sergeant 

XXVII. 

Omnibus banc Cartam visuris . . . Johannes coUisoun burgensis de abirdene 
filius et heres quondam Jacobi collisoun buigensis de Abirdene £t 
maigreta Setoun sponsa mea Etemam in domino Salutem Noueritis nos . . . 
vendidisse . . . domino Willelmo Cupar capellano . . . Totum et integ- 
rum vnum annuum redditum nostrum viginti solidorum . . . de toto et 
integro illo crofto cum pertinenciis Jacente in territorio occidental! croftorum 
dicti burgi inter croftum Johannis mar olim burgensis de abirdene ex orientali 
ex vna et terras de rubislaw ex occidentali partibus ab altera croftum fratrum 
carmelitarum dicti burgi versus austrum et communem viam r^;iam qua 
itur ad rubislaw veraus boream Tenendum ... a nobis . . . de . . . r^e 
. . . Fadendo • . . seruicium burgagium. . . In Cuius rei testimonium Sigil* 
lum meum proprium pro me et dicta margreta sponsa mea vnacum 
mea subscriptione manuali Necnon Sigillum honorabilis viri patricii 
leslie vnius balliuorum dicti burgi ac datoris sasine huiusmodi presentibus 
sunt appensa apud abirdene penultimo die mensis februarii anno domini 
millesimo quingentesimo trigesimo quarto Coram testibus prouidis viris 
villelmi rolland seniore Valtero leslie Willelmo rolland Juniore domino 
andrea Vaus capellano thoma huntar Johanne Keith et duncano porter 
sergiandis et Magistro Johanne nicholsoun notario publico Cum diuersis 
aliis. 



Abstract of XXVIl. 

John Collisoun, burgess (son and heir of the late John Collisoun, burgess), 
and Margaret Setoun, his spouse, sell to Sir William Coupar, chaplain, their 
annual rent of ao^. from a croft in the W. territory of crofts, between John Mar 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 275 

(late burgess) 's croft on the £., the lands of Rubislaw on the W., the Carmelites' 
croft on the S., and the king's highway to Rubislaw on the N. ; to be held from the 
granters of the king ; rendering burgage service. Sealed by the granter, and by 
Patrick Leslie, baillie, at Aberdeen, 27th February, 153^. Witnesses: William 
Rolland, senior; Walter Leslie, William Rolland, junior; Sir Andrew Vans, 
chaplain ; Thomas Huntar, John Keith, et Duncan Portar, sergeants ; and Mr. 
John Nicholsoun, notary. 

XXVIIL 

In dei Nomine Amen . . . anno Incamationis dominice millesimo quin- 
gentesimo trigesimo quarto mensis vero mercii die decimoseptimo ... In mei 
notarii publici et testium infrascriptorum presentiis Personaliter constitutus 
prouidusvirValterushowesounburgensisdeabirdene . . . Totum et integrum 
vnum annuum redditum suum septem solidorum . . . de toto et integro 
illo crofto suo vocato lie elfhillak Jacente in territorio occidentali 
croftorum burgi de abirdene inter croftum alexandri gray Junioris ex 
boreali ex vna et crofta gilberti menzeis ex australi et occidentali 
partibus ab altera et croftum fratrum carmelitarum dicti burgi versus 
oriens In Manibus honorabilis viri patricii leslie vnius balliuorum dicti 
buigi . . . resignauit ... ad dandum sasinam . . . domino villelmo 
coupar capellano . . . Tandem vigesimo die merci . . . idem Balliuus 
• . . sasinam . . . deliberauit . . . Acta erat dicta resignatio apud 
territorium diui nicholaii de abirdene dataque fuit huiusmodi pos- 
sessio super solum dicti crofti horam circiter decimam ante merediem 
. . • Presentibus ibidem prouidis viris alexandro gray Juniore domino 
Andrea vaus capellano roberto goldsmyth willelmo mwir Johanne 
donaldsoun Johanne Copland Jacobo dauesoun hugone hakraw Et thoma 
hunter sexgiando Cum diuersis aliis. . . • 

Et ego Johannes nicholsoim . . . publicus notarius, etc. 



Adstracf of XXVIIL 

On 17th March, 1534, about 10 A.M., compeared Walter Howesoun, burgess, 
and resigned his annual rent of 71. from his croft, the Eifhillodc, in the W. 
territory of crofts, between Alexander Gray junior's croft on the N., Gilbert 
Menzeis' croft on S. and W., and the Carmelites' croft on the £., into the hands 
of Patrick Leslie, baillife ; who, on 20th March granted sasine thereof to Sir 
William Coupar, chaplain. Witnesses: Alexander Gray, Junior; Sir Andrew 



f 



276 APPENDICES. 

Vaus» chaplain; Robert Ooldsmjth, WiUiaiii Moir, John DonaMioii, John 
Copland, James Davesoun, Hagh Hakiaw, and Thomas Hunteri seigeant. etc. 
All certified by John Nicholsoun, N.P., etc. 

KXIX. 

In del nomine Amen . . . anno Incamationis dominice mflSesimo quingen- 
tesimo trigesimo quinto mensis vero nouembris die vigesimo quarto ... In 
mei notarii publici et testium infrascriptonim presencia personaliter con- 
stitutus Johannes murray Junior burgensis de Aberdene . • . Totum et 
integrum ilium annuum redditum suum sex solidonim . . . de tota et 
integra terra anteriore et interiore cum pertinenciis quondam dauidis lame 
burgensis de abirdene Jacente infra dictum burgum in vico furcarum ez 
boreali parte eiusdem inter terram georgii harbour ex boreali ex vna 
terram quondam andree bumet et illam vastam terram communitatis de 
Abirdene ex austral! [sic] partibus ab altera communem viam regiam 
antedictam versus austrum et terram quondam Dauid errot versus oriens 
... In manibus honorabilis viri alexandri nithirfurd vnius balliuorum 
dicti burgi . . . resignauit ... ad dandum sasinam . . . curato et capel- 
lanis chori ecclesie diui nicolaii de aberdene . . . Et consequmiter idem 
balliuus sasinam . . . domino Johanni cumyng procuratori dictorum capel- 
lanorum . . . contulit . . . acta erant hec super solum huiusmodi terre 
horam circiter vndecimam ante merediem . • . Presentibus Ibidem hcmora* 
bilibus viris andrea louson henrico collisone thoma blak gilbeito pyot 
burgensibus de abirdene domino Vilhelmo coupar capeDano thoma huntar 
thoma blayr et iohanne kayt sergiandis cum diuersis aliis. . . . 
Et ego Dauid nicholsone . . . notarius publicus. • . . 

Adstract of XXIX. 

On a4th November, 1535, about 11 A.M., compeared John M&rray, 
junior, burgess, and resigned his annual rent of 6j. from the late David Lame 
(burgess) 's land, on the N. of the Gallowgate, between George Barbour's land 
on the N., the late Andrew Burnet's land, and the town's waste land cm the S. 
[? W.], the Gallowgate on the S., and the late David Errot's land on the E.— 
into the hands of Alexander Ruthirfurd, baillie ; who thereupon granted sasine 
thereof to Sir John Cumyng, procurator for the curate and chaplains of the choir 
of the Church of S. Nicholas. Witnesses : Andrew Louson, Henry Collisone, 
Thomas Blak, Gilbert Pyot, burgesses ; Sir William Coupar, chaplain ; Thomas 
Huntar, Thomas Blayr, and John Kayt, sergeants. 

All certified by David Nicholson, N.P., etc. 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 177 



Sasine foflowing on Charter (printed vol. I p. 173 ; vol. ii. p. 148) by David 
Anderson, burgess, to the Curate and Chaplains of a feu-duty of 2&f. 
19th August, 1536. 

XXXI. 

Sasine on resignation of Sir Andrew Scherar, Vicar of Nigg (Nyge), of an annual 
rent of 2^. out of the croft of John Collison lying in the west territories 
of the crofts of the burgh of Aberdeen* in favour of Geoige Scherar, 
buigess of the said buigh. i8th January, 153^. 

XXXII. 

Omnibus banc cartam visuiis . • . Andreas murray Junior burgensisdeAbirdene 
etemam in domino Salutem Noueritis me . • . vendidisse . . . curato et 
oapeUanis chori ecclesie parrochialis diui nicolaii de Abirdene . . . 
Tolum et integrum Ilium annuum redditum meum quinque mercarum 
. . . de totis et integris terris de Westiressintuly cum pertinenciis 
Jaoentibus infra vicecomitatum de Kyncardin . . . pro quadam oerta summa 
pecunie quam dicti curatus et capellani mihi tempore confectionis presentis 
carte mee in pecunia numeiata mea gmui et v^ente necessitate . . . 
persoluebant Tenendum ... de me in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum 
. . • Reddendo . • . vnumdenarium . . . nomine albefirme • • . In cuius 
rei testimonium sigillum meum proprium huic present! carte mee mea 
manual! subscriptione subscripte est appensum Apud Abirdene vigesimo 
primo die mensis octobris anno domini millesimo quingentesimo trigesimo 
septimo Coram testibus Andrea cullan patre meo le^i valtero cuUane 
dauid andersone thoxna chalmer burgensibus de Abirdene et magistro 
dauid nicholsoun scriba communi Aberdonensi ac notario publico cum 
diuenis aliis.^ 

Aisiraa of XXXI I. 

Andrew Murray, Junior, burgess, sells to the curate and chaplains of the 
choir of the Church of S. Nicholas^ his annual rent of 5 merks from the lands of 
Wester Essintuly, in the shire of Kincardine ; to be held of the granter ; paying 
therefor one penny by way of blench farm. Signed by the granter at Aberdeen, 
aist October, 1537. Witnesses : Andrew Cullan (granter*s father-in-law), Walter 
Cullane, David Andersone, Thomas Chalmer, burgesses ; Mr. David Nicholsoun, 
Town Clerk, and Notary, etc. 

^ Set Am^^ AhmU amd Banff^ iii. 358, 



27% APPENDICES. 

XXXIII. 

Omnibus banc caitam yisuris • . . magister thomas rhalmer cuiatos eodesie 
parrochialis diui ntcolaii de aberdene ac capellanus perpetuus altaris beate 
marie virginis infra eandem ecdesiam situati Etemam in domino salutem 
Noueritis me vtiUtate mea et died altaris ac successorum meorum capdlanorum 
eiusdem . . . considerata . • . cum expressis consensu et assensu preposid 
balliuoram ac consulum dicti burgi de aberdene ac yen et indubitati pationi 
eiusdem altaris ... ad feodifirmam dimisisse . . . henrico maichand bur- 
gensi died bufgi . • . totum et integram lUud tenementum died altaris viz 
tenam anteriorem interiorem ortum et caudam eiusdem cum pertinenciis 
Jacentes infta dictum burgum ex orientali parte vici liiicarum eiusdem 
inter terram Roberti gordoun ex boreali ex vna terram loberti pjrper ex 
australi parttbus ab altera prout se extendit in longitudine a oommuni via 
regia qua Itur ad canoniam aberdonensem versus oocidens sub pede monds 
de hedowins hill versus oriens Et hoc pro vno annuo oensu vigind soli- 
dorum • . . leuandum . . . de dicto tenemento mihi et sucoessoribus 
meis capellanis died altaris • . • Tenendum . . • de . . . rege Reddendo 
• . . dictum annuum censum • . . Necnon vnum annuum redditum sex 
solidorum et octo denariorum ... In cuius rei tesdmonium sigillum meum 
proprium vnacum sigillo honoiabilis viri dauid anderscHie vnius balliuorum 
died burgi ac datoris sasine huiusmodi Necnon sigillum commune died buigi 
presendbus sunt appensa apud aberdene dedmo terdo die mensis merdi 
anno domini millesimo quingentesimo trigesimo septimo cocam tesdbus 
villelmo chesem Johanne brabner roberto gordoun Vilhelmo andeisone et 
domino dauide loremar. . • • 

AMrua qf XXX III. 

Mr. Thomas Chalmer, curate of the Church of S. Nicholas, and ch^>lain 
of the Altar of the Blessed Virgin therein, with consent of the piovost, bailb'es, 
and Council, and of the patron of the said altar, sets in feu to Henry Marchand, 
burgess, a tenement belonging to the said altar, viz., a foreland, yard, and tail, 
on the E. of the Gallowgate, between Robert Gordoun's land on the N., Robert 
Pyper's land on the S., the King's highway to the Chanonry on the W., and 
Hedowin's Hill on the £. — for a feu-maill of 20s. : to be held of the King ; 
paying the said feu-duty, and an annual rent of 6x. 8^. Sealed by the granter, 

and by David Anderson, baillie, at Aberdeen, X3th March, xssi*^ Witnesses: 
William Chesem, John Brabner, Robert Gordoun, William Andersone, and Sir 
David Loremar. 

> Both seals in good pmsrvation. 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 279 

XXXIV. 

Omnibus banc cartam visuris . . . Johannes Mair senior buigensis de Abirdene 
Etemam in domino Salutem . . . Noueritis me igitur in honorem dei 
omnipotends beatissime virginis marie Ac omnium celestis curie pro Salute 
anime mee anime margarete moir vxoris mee . . . dedisse . . • capellanis 
chori ecdesie perrochialis diui nicholaii de abirdene . . . Omnes et 
singulos annuos Redditus meos subscriptos cum pertinendis viz vnum 
annuum redditum meum viginti solidonim . . . ieuandum de vna terra 
terra burgagia cum pertinenciis Jacente ex australi parte vici nauium dicti 
burgi inter terram quondam Joannis blak ex orientali ex vna terram com- 
munitatis buigi de abirdene ex ocddentali partibus ab altera communem 
viam regiam versus boream et torrentem sancte trinitatis versus austrum 
Acetiam vnum annuum redditum meum octo solidorum Ieuandum de 
ilia terra buigagia cum pertinendis Jacente ex ocddentali parte vici furcarum 
dicti burgi inter terram Vilhelmi mathow ex boreali ex vna terram quondam 
ViUelmi milium ex australi partibus ab altera £t communes vias regias 
versus oriens et occidens . . . Tenendos . . . a me . . . de . . • rege 
... in puram et perpetuam ehmosinam . . . Quamobrem dicti capellani 
. . . cdebrabunt annuatim et imperpetuum vnum anniuersarium et exequias 
deftinctorum viz placebo et diiige in die sabbati immediate ante dominicam 
secundam quadragesime annuatim durante vita mea Et post decessum meum 
armuatim in die obitus mei Ac missam de nota in dominica inde immediate 
sequenter Cum mi^is trigentalibus per ebdomodam proximam immediate 
sequenter vt moris est apud altare beatissime virginis marie infra ecclesiam 
parrochialem diui nicholai de abirdene fundatum pro salute anime mee 
et animarum omnium predictarum Insuper procurator dictorum capellan- 
orum . . • annuos redditus . . . distribuet vt sequitur viz preconi cum 
campana manuali ad drcuendum dictum oppidum nocte exequiarum ad 
indtendum populum ad deprecandum pro salute animarum predictarum 
duos denarios Et sacriste pro pulsatione campanarum dicte ecclesie trina 
vice ad huiusmodi exequias in die sabbati prefato et similiter in dominica 
immediate sequent! ad missam quatuordedm denarios Et similiter prefatus 
collector pro tempore tabulam honestaro super monumentiun meum ponet 
et idem pallio sine coopertorio decenti cooperiet et luminaria cerea inveniet 
vt decet pro quibus sibi duos solidos captabit Et annuatim in die dictarum 
exequiarum quatuor solidos pauperibus magis indigenis erogabit Et reliquum 
, , . viz viginti solidos et octo detikrios dictis capellanis . . . deliberabit 
... In cuius rei testimonium sigillum meum proprium vnacum mea subscrip- 
tione manuali Necnon Sigillum honorabilis viri dauidis andersoun vnius 



a8o APKHDICBS. 

balliuorum dicti buigi ac datoris Sarine huiusmodi preientibus sant xppens^ 
Apud abirdene vtgesimo sexto die mensis mercii Anno domini miUesimo 
quingentesimo trigesimo octauo Coram Testibus prouidis et discreds viris 
dominis Roberto spark Andrea Waus capellanis Vilhelmo pawill Alexandre 
Kay sergiando Et magistro Johanne nicholsone notario publico Cum 
diuersis aliis. 

Ads/Tiuf of XXXIV. 

John Mair, for the welfare of the souls of himself and his q)ouse| Margaret 
Moir, etc, grants to the chaplains of the choir of the Church of S. Nicholas, two 
annual rents, viz. : one of aox. from a buigage bnd on the S. of the Shiprow, 
between the bite John Blak's land on the E., the town's land on the W., the 
King's highway on the N., and the Trinity Bum on the S. ; the other of &#. from 
a burgage land on the W. of the Gallowgate, between William Mathow's land on 
the N., the late William Miilum's land on the S., and the King's hi^ways on 
the E. and W. : to be held from the granter, of the King, in alms ; the chaplains 
celebrating therefor an anniversary and obsequies, viz., placebo and dirige on 
the Saturday before the second Sunday of Lent duriqg the granter's life, and 
after his decease on the day thereof^ and a mass dc noia on the Sunday following, 
with trenthal masses during the ensuing week, for the souls of the granter, etc. : 
the procurator of the chaplains distributing the amount as follows : To a crier 
for summoning the people to pray for said souls, zd, ; to the sacrist for ringing 
the church bells thrice on the Saturday and the Sunday, 14^ ; to himself to 
meet the cost of a table with proper covering and wax candles above the 
grantor's tomb, ax. \ to the poor, on the said Saturday, 41. ; to the chaplains, 
aor. &/. Sealed by the granter and by David Anderson, baiUie, at Aberdeen, 
a6th March, 1538. Witnesses: Sirs Robert Spark, Andrew Waus, chaplains; 
William Pawill, Alexander Kay, sergeant, and John Nicholsone, notary. 

XXXV. 

Vniuersis et Singulis Ad quorum Notitias presentes litere perueneriut Dauid 
Andersone Alexander Ruthirfurd Et Magister Joannes gordoun Balliui 
burgi de Abirdene Etemam in domino Salutem . . . Coram nobis 
in pretorio dicti burgi pro tribunali Sedentibus die lune vltimo die 
mensis Januarii anno domini millesimo quingentesimo quadragesimo hora 
vndecima ante meridiem in plena Curia Accessit ad barram discretus vir 
dominus Robertus spark capellanus perpetuus Altaris diui duthaci info 
ecclesiam parrochialem diui nicolaii dicti burgi Situati Et petiit a conmiuni 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 28 1 

clcrico tres processus per Ipsum legittime deductos in tribus curiis capitalibiis 
precedentibus perlegi de et Super recuperatione proprietatis cuiusdam terre 
vaste quondam Joannis goue Jacentis infra dictum burgum in vico nauium 
ex australi parte Eiusdem vici inter terras quondam Wilhelmi scherer ex 
oriental! et occidentali partibus oppositis £t communes vias regias versus 
austrum et boream in defectu Solutionis vnius annui Redditus Septem 
solidorum £t vndecim denariorum vsualis monete scotie Sibi et dicto altari 
debiti et a longo tempore non soluti Quibus . . . perlectis . . . decretum 
fuit per curiam et datum pro Judicio per os Joannis Scherer Indicatoris curie 
quod dictus dominus Robertus proprietatem . . . recuperauit . . . Super 
quibus omnibus et Singulis dictus dominus Robertus nostras literas 
Testimonials Sigillis nostris Roboratas' vnacum Subscriptione notarii 
publici Subscriptas Reuerentia debita petiit quas Eidem Caritatiue con- 
cessimus . . . Coram honorabilibus et discretis viris gilberto menzes de 
fyndoun thoma menzes preposito Joanne colisone seniore magistris Joanne 
hay et Joanne nicolsone notariis Alexandro king Alexandro kaj et Joanne 
Jamesone sergiandis cum diuersis aliis. 
Et Ego Dauid nicholson, etc. 

Ads tract of XXXV. 

On Monday, 31st January, 154^, at 11 a.m., in presence of David Anderson, 
Alexander Rutherfiird, and Mr. John Gordon, baillies, sitting as a baillie court, 
compeared at the bar Sir Robert Spark, chaplain of the Altar of S. Duthac in the 
Church of S. Nicholas, and requested the clerk to read three processes, produced 
at three previous head courts, anent the recovery of a waste land belonging to 
the late John Goue, lying on the S. side of the Shiprow, between the late William 
Scherar's lands on the £. and W., and the king's highways on the S. and N., in 
default of payment of seven shillings and elevenpence, payable to the altar, and 
long overdue : which being done, the court decreed and caused to be proclaimed 
by John Scherar, crier, that the said clahn had been established, and granted 
letters testifying thereto. Witnesses : Gilbert Menzes of Fyndoun ; Thomas 
Menzes, provost ; John Colisone, senior ; Mr«. John Hay, and John Nicolsone, 
notaries ; Alexander King, Alexander Kay, and John Jameson, sergeants, etc 

XXXVI. 

Sasine on Precept of Clare Constat by Robert Smith, Collector for Vicars and 
Chaplains of the Choir of the Cathedral Church of Aberdeen, in fovour of 

> Seals of the three baillies complete. 

NN 



282 APPENDICES. 

John Gordon in Myltoun, brother-german of the late Mr. John Gordon, 
burgess of Aberdeen, of the following crofts : Ade Pringill croft, Ij lang rig. 
the croft at the leper house, the croft at ly Spittall hyll, and fill the cope croft 
1 6th July, 1548. 

XXXVII. 

Charter by the Vicars of the Choir of the Cathedral Church of Aberdeen to Sir 
Arthur JoiTray, a chaplain of the said Choir, of a rig of land in Futy for an 
annual rent of i2x., payable to the Choir. 25th December, 1552.^ 



XXXVIII. 



Sasine on last of same date. 



XXXIX. 



Omnibus banc cartam visuris . . . dominus Alexander Robertsoun capellanus 
Salutem Noueritis me . . . vendidisse . . . capellanis chori ecdesie 
parochialis diui nicholaii de abirdene et eonim successoribus capellanis 
dicti chori Totum et integrum vnum annuum redditum meum tresdecim 
solidorum et quatuor denariorum . . . de tota et Integra ilia terra mea 
anleriore cum pertinendis Jacente infra burgum de abirdene ex orientali 
parte vici furcarum eiusdem burgi inter terram quondam dauidis adamsone 
ex boreali ex vna terram Johannis quholly ex australi partibus ab altera 
terram quondam duncani portar versus oriens et communem viam regiam 
versus occidens Pro quadam certa summapecunie quam dicti capellani mihi 
tempore confectionis presentis carte mee . . . persoluebant . . . Tenendum 
... a me ... de suprema domina nostra regina . . . Fadendo . . . 
seruicium burgagium ... In cuius rei Testimonium Sigillum meum 
proprium vnacum mea subscriptione manuali Necnon Sigillum honorabilis 
viri gilberti coUisone vnius balliuorum dicti burgi ac datoris sasine huius- 
modi presentibus sunt appensa Apud abirdene decimonono die mensis aprilis 
anno domini millesimo quingentesimo quinquagesimo quarto Coram his 
Testibus gilberto tullidefT henrico forbes magistro andrea cullane dominis 
Johanne collisone alexandro leslie Willelmo Walcar capellanis dauide kintor 
vno sergiandorum dicti burgi Et magistro Johanne nicholsone notario 
publico cum diuersis aliis. 

Alexr. Robertson, manu propria. 

1 Seal of the choir attached — ^partly bioken. 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 283 

Abs&act of XXXIX. 

Sir Alexander Robertson, chaplain, sells to the chaplains of the choir of the 
Parish Church of S. Nicholas an annual rent of 13J. 4//. Scots, from his land on 
the £. side of the Gallowgate, between the late David Anderson's land on the 
N., John Quholly's on the S., the late Duncan Portar's on the £., and the king's 
highway on the W., for a sum of money paid at the date of the charter ; to be 
held from the granter, of the Queen ; rendering burgage service. Sealed at 
Aberdeen, 19th April, 1554, by the granter, and by Gilbert Collisone, baillie, and 
granter of sasine. Witnesses: Gilbert Tulideff, Henry Forbes, Mr. Andrew 
CuUane, Sirs John Collisone, Alexander Leslie, William Walcar, chaplains; 
David Kintor, sergeant; Mr. John Nicholsone, Notary, etc. 

(Signed) Alexr. Robertson. 



XL. 

Copy Retour of the whole Church lands within the shire of Kincardine, on an 
inquisition made at the town-house of Inverbervie before William, earl 
Marischal, principal sheriff of Kincardine, and David Barclay of Matheris, 
his depute, 4th March, 155^. Extracted from the Sheriff Court books of 
Kincardine by Mr. John Fullartoun, Sheriff Clerk. 



XLL 

Reuerendo in christo patri ac domino Villelmo miseratione diuina abirdonensi 
episcopo vestra humilis et diuota oratrix elizabetht prat vidua altera duarum 
filiaram et legitimarum heredum quondam thome prat buKgensis de abirden 
Necnon vna duarum patronarum indubitatarum altematis vicibus capellanie 
diui thome martins infra ecclesiam parrochialem deabirdene per honorabilem 
vinmi quondam thomam pratt patrem meum fundate cum omni obsequio et 
reverentia salutem Ad predictam capellaniam . . . lam in manibus meis 
tanquam vnius patronarum eiusdem hac vice spectantem et vacantem per 
decessum quondam venerabilis viri magistri andree cullan vltimi possessoris 
et capellani eiusdem ad meam nominationem et presentationem vestramque 
collationem ordinariam pleno iure spectantem discretum virum dominum 
Villelmum Walcar capellanum ydoneum . . . represento ... In cuius rei 
testimonium presentibus mea subscriptione manuali roboratis sigillum meum 
proprium appendi lussimus Apud abirdene primo die mensis Augusti anno 
domini millesimo quingentesimo sexagesimo coram testibus gilberto kyntor 



1 

* 



284 APPENDICES. 

dauide Kyntoir domino Joanne oollisoun thoma mum magistio andiea gray 
magistro andrea mathow notario publico cum diuenis aliis. 

Elizabet Prat, wt my hand at the pen led be the notar. 

Abstract of XLL 

Elizabeth Prat, widow, one of the two daughters of the late Thomas Prat, 
burgess, and one of the two patronesses of the chaplaincy of S. Thomas, Martyr, 
in the Parish Church, founded by the said Thomas Prat, presents to William, 
Bishop of Aberdeen, for collation to the said chaplaincy (vacant by the death of 
Mr. Andrew Cullan, late chaplain), Sir William Walcar. Signed and sealed at 
Aberdeen, ist August, 1560. Witnesses : Gilbert Kyntor, David Kyntoir, Sir 
John Collisoun^ Thomas Murra, Mr. Andrew Gray, Mr. Andrew Mathow, 
notary, etc 

XLIL 

Register^ of Baillie Court Decreets for unpaid feu-duties of Chaplains, 9th June, 

1546 — 2oth August, 1576. 

On the last page the following rental is given : — 

The Rentell of owir lady alter in Sanct 
nicholas kirk of Abirdene. 
Ittm^ imprimis fyve markis of androw munay land now pertenitt to Mr. gilb. 

murray> lyand one the vast syid of the gallowgett. 
Ittm^ the land of vmqle Wm. Jak, in the samen gett, vjj. rixyi. 
Jt0m^ the land of Walter cullan, in the samen gett, vys. viij^. 
Item^ the land of Mr. patrik rutherfurd, in the eist syid of the gallowgett, 

vjj. viiji/. 
Ittm^ the land of vmqle Dauid Lams, lyand in the overkirkgett, anent the 

nort syid, xx. 
//ifm, the land of Jonett knollis, in the samen gett, ijx. 
Item^ the land of Jon litster, in the gallowgett, on the eist syid, xxvjx. vitj^. 
Item^ the land of Alexr. howesone, in the castelgett, awand in the zeir, xxr. 
Item^ the land of besse pratt, in that samen gett, vj. iiij^. 
Item, the land of vmqle gilbt nicolson, at the thevis port, xs. 
Item^ the land of patrik lesly, in the schipraw, in the zeir, vx. 
Jtem^ the land of sanct barbares, in the nethr kirkgett, in the zeir, iijx. iiij^. 
liem^ the land of robt gray, glasinwryt, in that samen gett, vijx. vj^. 

^ A note on the cover states that '* This buik pertents to ane honorabilie man, Mr. 
Johne Kennedy, pertone of tullynetaill **. 



CHARTER ROOM. OF TOWN COUNCIL. 285 

liemj the land of vmqle mazgerie waus, in the grein, in the zeir, vjj. viij^. 
liem^ the land of Jon roche, in that samen gett, ii]s. iiij^. 
Item^ the land of george Watsone, in that samen gett, ijx. 
Item^ the land of James cultis, in the gaistraw, iiij j. 
Item^ the land of Jon knollis, at futteis port, in the zeir, ijx. 
Item, ane croft in futtie, now in the handis of Dauid quhyitt, vi. zeirly. 
Item^ the land of alexr. andersone litster, in the gallowgett, ijx. vj^. zeirly. 
Item^ the dowcatt croft, vx. zeirly. 

Item^ the lands lyand besyid the sang scuil, now pertenand to alexr. seidman, in 
the zeir. 



XLIII. 

Omnibus banc cartam visuris . . . Magister alexander Wrycht capellanus 
perpetuus altaris siue capellanie sancti nominis Jesu Infra ecclesiaro par- 
rochialem beati Nicolai de abirdene fundati . . . salutem Noueritis me . . . 
cum expressis etiam consensu et assensu prouidi viri Joannis arthour bur- 
gensis dicti burgi veri et Indubitati patroni eiusdem capellanie assedasse 
. . . Joanni bumet burgensi dicti burgi . . . Totam et Integram terram 
anteriorem antiquam et ruinosam Jacentem infra dictum burgum in vico 
superiore ecdesie ex australi parte eiusdem vici Inter terram patricii 
molisone et magistri patricii ruderfurd ex australi parte terram eiusdem 
magistri patricii ex occidentali parte et communes yias regias versus oriens 
et boream Tenendam . . . de rege . . . Reddendo ... capellanis dicte 
capellanie . . . summam quadraginta solidorum vsualis monete nomine 
feudifiime Necnon capellanis chori ecclesie cathedralis abirdonensis vnum 
annuum redditum sex solidorum et octo denariorum eiusdem monete . . . 
In cuius rei testimonium huic presenti carte mee subscriptione mea manuali 
necnon subscriptione manuali dicti Joannis arthour in signum sui consensus 
et assensus ad premissa subscripte sigillum meum proprium vnacum sigillo 
honorabilis viri alexandri ruderfurd vnius balliuorum dicti burgi ac datoris 
huiusmodi sasine est appensum Apud abirdene vltimo die mensis apnlis 
anno domini millesimo quingentesimo septuagesimo octauo coram testibus 
vilhelmo gerard tonsore andrea Kay pistore roberto sanders vietore roberto 
munzie fabro lowrencio bell magistro eduardo mengzes capellano Jacobo 
chalmer magistris Joanne kennedy et thoma molisone notariis publicis. 

Jhonne author wt. my hand. 

M. Alexr. Vrytht capellanus altaris, etc. 



^ \ 



386 APPENDICES. 

Abstract of XUIL 

Mr. Alexander Wrycht« chaplain of the Altar of the Blessed Name of 
Jesus in the Church of S. Nicholas, with consent of John Arthour, buigess, 
patron thereof, sets in lease to John Burnet, buigess, a land, old and ruinous, to 
the S. of the Upperkirkgate, between Patrick Molisone and Mr. Patrick Ruder- 
fiird's land on the S., the said Mr. Patrick's land on the W., and the King's 
highways on the £. and N. ; to be held of the King ; pa3ring therefor to the 
chaplains of the said altar 40X. yearly, and to the chaplains of the choir of the 
Cathedral Church, 6j. &/. Signed and sealed by the granter and by John 
Arthour, and sealed by Alexander Ruderfurd, at Aberdeen, 30th April, 1578. 
Witnesses: William Gerard, barber; Andrew King, baker; Robert Sanders, 
weaver ; Robert Munzie, smith ; Lowrence Bell ; Mr. Edward Mengzes, chaplain ; 
James Chalmer ; Mr*. John Kennedy, and Thomas Molisone, notaries. 

XLIV. 

Sasine on the above charter, of same date, under the hand of Mr. Thomas 
Molisone, notary public. 

XLV. 

Omnibus banc cartam visuris . . . Johannes cheyne de tillebourie indubitatus 
patronus capellanie altaris sancti martini infra ecdesiam diui nicolari de 
Abirdene fundati . . . salutem Noueritb me . . . vendidisse . . . alex- 
andro cheyne filio meo . . . Totam et int^ram dictam capellaniam . . . cum 
meo patronatuu eiusdem pro certa quadam pecunie sunmia mihi per dictum 
alexandrum . . . [parchment torn] . . . Tenendam . . . de rege ... in 
pura et simplici elimosina . . . Reddendo . . . orationes et suffragia . . . 
In cuius rei testimonium huic presenti carte mee manu mea subscripte 
sigillum meum proprium est appensum ^ Apud tillibourye vltimo die mensis 
septembris anno domini millesimo quingentesimo octuagesimo prinx) Coram 
his testibus magistris Joanne et patricio cheynis magister arthuro wat et 
thoma cheyne. 

Jhone cheyne of tuliboury with my hand. 

Abstract of XLV, 

John Cheyne of Tilliebourie, patron of the chaplaincy of the Altar of S. 
Martin, in the Church of S. Nicholas, sells to Alexander Cheyne, his son, the 

^ Seal intact. 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 287 

said chaplaincy, to be held of the King in pure alms, rendering therefor 
prayers and suffrages. Signed and sealed at Tilliebourie, 30th Sept, 1581. 
Witnesses : Mr*. John and Patrick Cheyne, Mr. Arthur Wat, and Thomas 
Cheyne. 

XLVI. 

In Dei Nomine amen . . . anno Incarnationis dominice Millesimo quingen- 
tesimo octuagesimo Quinto mensis vero aprilis die vigesimo tertio . . . 
In mei Notarii publici et testium subscriptorum presentia personaliter con- 
stitutus prouidus vir Andreas Scherar burgensis de Abirdene assertus patronus 
capellanie sancti duthaci Infra ecclesiam parochialcm diui Nicolai de abir- 
dene ex fundatione quondam [blank] Et Ibidem probum adolescentem 
Wehelmum Scherar filium suum ad huiusmodi capellaniam . . . investiuit 
per donationem libri . . . Acta erant hec apud Locum In quo situatum 
prius fuit altara [sic] sancti duthaci in dicta ecdesia parochiali horam 
circiter nonam ante meridiem Presentibus ibidem prouidis viris alexandro 
CuUen magistro Joanne douglas Jacobo ^halmer Georgio forbes Jacobo 
Dauidsoun et magistro andrea clerk testibus ... Sic subscribitur Ita 
est magister Joannes kennedy Notarius publicus manu propria. 

This is the Just extract of Williamii Scherar his Institutioun in the 
cheplancie of sanct duthacht wtin sanct Nicolas paroch kirk of 
aberdene, extractit furtht of theprothocoll buik of vmqll Maister 
Johnne Kennedy, notar publict ^and comihoun clerk of aberdene 
. . . coUoborat be me, maister Thomas molisoune, notar public, 
and commoun clerk of the said bnrt, The Tuelff day of aprill, 161 2 
zeiris. 

A^straa 0/ XZFI. 

On 23rd April, 1585, about 9 a.m., at the old site of the Altar of S. Duthact 
compeared Andrew Scherar, burgess, reputed patron of the chaplaincy of S. 
Duthac, in the Church of S. Nicolas, and invested his son, William Scherar, in 
the said chaplaincy. Witnesses : Alexander Cullen, Mr. John Douglas, James 
Chalmer, George Forbes, James Davidson, and Mr. Andrew Clerk. All 
certified by Mr. John Kennedy, notary. ^ 

XLVII. 

The Inventar and Catholog off the evidentis concerning the landis, annuelrentis 
and fewmaillis sumtym pertening to the cheplanis of Sanct nicolas Paroche 



288 APPENDICES. 

kirk of abirdene and now pertening to the said burgh,* Ddyuerit be Dauid 

Andersone, maister of the kirkwark off the samen, to Andro Scherar be 

vertew oiTane act and ordinance off consali of the said burgh. Receavit be 

the said Dauid fra wmqll Mr. Johne Kennedy In presence of Mr. Peter 

blakburne, minister, and Mr. Thomas moUisone, clerk; dauid cargill and alexr. 

stevin, consaloris. 
Iff^rimis^ The Register buik of the evidentis conteining fywe sooir and nyn 

wretin Dedis. 
The buik of decreittis auld and newe. 
Thrie boundellis off skrowis and rentallis. 
Mortificatioun of the annuelrent of the landis off mondynis vnder the gryt seall 

with four smaller seallit peces sealit bund up in the samen, wpon ane 

annuelrent of vj. merkis. 
Ittm^ fywe peice of evidentis wpon ane annuehent of ij. merkis furth of pet- 

muckstoun, ane therof under the gryt sealL 
iHtn^ aucht peice of evidentis of the annuelrentis extending to vdib. viijf. furth 

of the croft of wmqll Johne coUyson now pertening to the airis off wmqll 

Jon roUand. 
lUm^ thrie peice of evidentis of tua annuelrentis, ane of xiijf. iiij^., now to be 

Uftit of the croft of Johne Ir^^ng, and of ane annuel of sex j. Zd, furth of the 

croft callit lochfedill croft now pertening to the airis of wmqll James roUand. 
lum^ aucht peice of evidentis wpon ane minuell of v. merkis furth of the landis 

of essintullie, callit kyngis e^sintullie, pertening to alexr. knoUis ; ane thereof 

wnder the kingis gryt seal. 
Ittm^ fywe peice of evidentis w^on ane annuelrent of xj. furth of the landis of 

fyndone. 
Ittm^ four peice of evidentis wpon ane halfnettis fisching of the furdis, ane 

therof wnder the K. gryt seall, and ane wther wnder the townes commone 

seall. 
Item^ tua peice of evidentis contening ane annuelrent of xxj. furth of the gryt zard 

besyd the tiinitie freris now pertening to Mr. Robert chalmer, and tenx. of 

annuelrent furth of Alexr. cuUenis croft callit hardweird, and of thrie x. \\i, 

furth of the croft of wmqll Johne wear now in the handis off Jon Leyth. 
It€m^ ane chartor and sasing of ane annuelrent of xxf . furth of the croft of wmqll 

dauid andersone now in the handis of the airis of robert cullens land in futty. 
It€m^ ane chartor and sasing of ane annuelrent of xijj. furth of the calsey croft now 

in the handis of alexr. Rutherfurd and now pertening to pa. forbes his sone 

in law. 

^ See Ckturimti^ etc., of Abtrdeen, p. 335, 



^--i 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 289 

Item^ ane chartor and sasing of ane annuelrent of xxiiijx. furth of the halfnet of 

furdis pertening to wmqll and. murray now pertening to Mr. thomas 

iriengzeis. 
Item^ ane chartor of xr. annuebrent furt of couh's croft pertening to Jon howysone, 

and of four J. four^. furth of the landis of wmqll Willeam chalmer and alexr. 

Robertsone litsteris lyand in the grene, and sex s. aucht d. furt of the land of 

wmqll James thomsone wobster in the grene. 
Iteniy ane chartor of ane, annuelrent of xiijj. iiij^. furth of ane croft of wmqll Mr. 

gilbert bissett now in the handis off Mr. george bissett 
Ittm^ thrie peice of evidentis of vijf. furth of the croft of wmqull Walter howysone 

now in the handis of Dauid mengzeis, elder, callit elphillis. 
Iteniy ane evident gevin be the town off abirdene wnder the Privie seal wpon sex 

merkis of annuelrent furt of the Justice mylnes. 
lUm^ four peice of evidentis on ane annuelrent of xxxiiijx. furt of the land of wmqll 

John craig lyand in the overkirkgete now pertening to Mr. richard Irwyng. 
lUm^ ane sasing of ane annuelrent of juls, furth off ane waist land lyand on the 

southsyd of the Schipraw now pertening to alexr. Jaffray, and of ane wther 

annuelrent of aucht s. furth of ane land lyand in the wast syd of the gallouget 

now pertening to alexr. ronaldson, wt. the chartor of the samen. 
lUm^ ane vther sasing of the said annuelrent of xxr. furt of the said alexr. Jaffrayis 

land. 
Item^ ane chartor of ane annuelrent of xxx. furth of the land of wmqll Johne bnice 

now in the handis of eduard donaldson lyand in the Schipraw. 
lUm^ ane chartor of ane annuelrent of aucht x. furth of ane land lyand in the wast 

syd of the Schipraw now alledgit to apertene to Robert watsone. 
Item^ ane sasing of ane annuelrent of xx. furth of the land off wmqll Dauid allanson 

lyand in the Schipraw now pertening to the airis off wmqll Archibald sibbalt, 

presentlie occupeit be Ka. gordone & Jon fergussone, hir spous. 
Item^ ane chartor of ane annuelrent of xj. furt of ane land pertening to wmqll 

alexr. cowpar now in the handis of willeam Scharp and Wm. sengzeor. //tm, 

ane vther chartor wpon the same annuell. 
Iteniy ane chartor and sasing of ane annuelrent of xxxijx. furth of the land of 

thoas branche now pertening to george knowis wt. thrie decreitis past 

therevpon, and now in the handis of patrik smyth. 
lUffiy ane annuelrent of vx. furth of ane land lyand in the schipraw sumtym 

pertening to alexr. forbes in deip therefter pertening to the gudman of gwin, 

and now in the handis off Magnus duff and alexr. huntar. 
Item^ ane sasing of xxr . furth of the land of wmqll Jon bruce now pertening to 

ed donaldson. 

00 



290 APPENDICES. 

Item^ ane Instrament of tasing of aucht x. Airth of the land of alexr. cowpor now 

pertening to Wm. scharp & Wm. sengzeor. 
IteiHy thrie pede of evidentis wpon ane annuelrent of xxr. fiirt of the land of 

waiter brechTn now in the handis of Robert Watsone. 
liem^ ane sasing wpon viijx. furt of the land of wmqll alexr. cupaiis land in the 

wast syd of the schipraw. Item^ ane vther annuell of xijx. fiirth of the 

round tabill. 
liem^ thrie peice of evidentis wpon tua annuelrentis, ane of xxi. furth of the land 

of wmqll rot Utndschell now pertening to thomas symne, and ane vther of 

xf. furth of the land of geoige dredy now pertening to John dredj. 
Jtem^ thrie pdce of evidentis wpon ane annuelrent of four x. furth of the land of 

the gudman of gwin now pertening to Magnus duff & alezr. huntar. 
Item^ tua peice of evidentis of ane annuelrent of xxi. furth of the land now 

pertening to Johne roray. 
Item^ ane transsumpt of ane chartor wretin on paper wpon ane fewmaill of xxxvjx. 

8^. furth of ane land lyand in the grene now pertening to«the atris of wmqll 

duncan donaldson. 
lUm^ tua peice of evidentis of ane annuelrent of viijx. iiij^. furth of the lie of 

Candye occuipeit be Rot. gaireaucht 
///M|.four peice of evidentis wpon ane fewferme of xU. fiirth of ane land in the grene 

now pertening to andro Wmson, Sett out be the cheplans to ane callit Ross. 
liiMi ane chartor of ane vaist land in the nather kirkgett gevin be wmqll patrik 

badzenot to duncan skaletter, payand to the prouest and communite of abd. 

ane annuelrent of vjx. viij^ 
lUm^ ane sasing of ane annueb'ent of xxr . furth of ane land lyand in the grene 

now pertening to the airis of vmqll duncan donaldson. 
Item^ ane chartor of certan annuelrentis extending to xxiiijx. wt the sasing folowing 

therevpon furth of the landis of wmqll Jon Walker now pertening to andro 

gall And andro dwiL 
Jtemj ane sasing wpon ane annuelrent of xxx. fiirth of the land of wmqll Jon Vaus 

now in the handis off Robert angous and now in the handis of alexr. merschell, 

maltman. 
liem^ thrie peice of evidentis of ane annuelrent of vjx. and of ane vther of xxj. fiirt 

of the land of Johne roicht lyand in the grene. 
lUm^ thrie peice of evidentis in the fewmaill of aucht merkis iiirth of the landis 

of the airis of wmqll ao. michell lyand in the natherkirkget now in the handis 

of Gilbt. MHcya and Wm. pratt. 
Itcm^ ane chartor and sasing of ane annuehrent of xxvjx. 8^. furth of the land of 

¥maqll george bissett now pertening to Mr. George bissett. 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 29I 

liemy ane Institution of sanct Thomas hospitall gevin to wmqll Sic thomas chalmer, 

curat 
Item^ ane chartor and sasing of ane annuelrent of xij^. fiirth of the land of Sir 

Alexr. Robertson at the Justice port now in the handis of malcome Ker, 

And of ane vther annuelrent of xjj. furt of saidleris land besyd sanct thomas 

hospitell. 
Itemy ane chartor and sasing of ane annuelrent of xviijj. furth of the land of 

wmqll Wm. barron now in the handis of Jon craig baxster, and of ane annuel- 
rent of vjj. furth of the land of wmqll Jon MoUison nowpertening to thomas 

Jonson. 
Item^ tua peice of euidentis contening the richt of the cheplans to the land of the 

airis of wmqll Wm. ronaldson outwt the Justice port. 
ItetHj fywe peice of evidentis, wherof four wpon ane annuelrent of xxx. furth of 

the land now of thomas Du\7e, and ane annuel of x^. furth of the sam land 

and now in the handis of Jon anderson, ilescher. 
Itemt four peice of evidentis wpon the land sumtyme of Jon dortie and now of 

the laird of frendret \ 

IteMy ane transsumpt of ane chartor upon ane annuelrent of xiijx. iiij^. and of 

ane wther annuelrent of iijx. itij^. furth of ane land pertening to thomas 

phepsone. 
lUm^ ane chartor of ane annuebrent of xxs. furth of ane land sumtym pertening to 

S. barbarais altar and now pertening to Robert Gray. 
Item^ ane chartor of ane annuelrent of vs, furth of ane land in the natherkirk- 

gett. 
Item, chartor and sasing of ane annuelrent of xxvjx. 8^. furt of the land now of 

thoas. cowy. 
liemt ane chartor wt. ane decree wpon ane annuell off xvjx. %d. fiirt of the land 

now of James Leslie. 
Item, ane chartor of vys, Sd. of ane land liand in the schipraw pertening to wmqll 

dauid Lyell and now to the constable. 
Itemy ane Instrument of sasing of ane annuell of vjx. &/. furth of the land now of 

Johne banerman and Robert Jonstoun. 
Item^ sex peice of evidents of ane annuell of xxs. fiirt of the land of wmqll Wm. 

mengzes, elder, nowofrobert menzes. 
Item^ three peice of evidentis vpon ane annuelrent of xxs. furth of the land of 

wmqll alexr. nicolsone now of gilbert henrye in the north syd of the castle- 

gett. 
Item, ane sasing of the cheplanis on papir of ane land lyand in the eist end of the 

castlegett. 




292 APPENDICES. 

ZHmv, aoe charter of tua annuelrentis, ane of xx. &/. furt of the land of wmqll 

gilben kyntor in the castelget now of Jon gray, and of ane annuell of xr. fiirt 

of ane croft off bessie pratt now of alexr. cuUen. 
Itim^ ane chartor of ane annuell of vjx. furth of the land of wmqll robt. gray now of 

arthor panton. 
Jtem^ ane chartor of ane annuelrent of x/. furth of land of wmqll nicoll baxter 

now pertening to the airis of Mr. andr j auchinlek, wt. wther thrie pdce of 

evidentis wpon the same annuell, Togidder with ane annuell of vjx. wpon 

the land of the said arthor panton. 
//(TM, tua peice of evidentis wpon ane annuel! of vx. furth of the land of wmqll 

geoige wischert now pertening to Jon nicolsone. 
Item^ ane Instrument of sasing of ane annuell of xviijx. furth of the land of Johne 

Kempt baxter in the wastheid of the castelgett 
Itimy ane chartor wpon nynten rudis of land lyand in the territorieof kyntor gevin 

be richart kyntor, prouest of Abd., to Mr. Jon chalmer, mr. of sanct thomas 

hospitalL 
Item^ xxj. peice of evidentis of the landis and annuelrentis of Inuerviy. 
ItiMt tua peice of land off ane annuelrent of xvjx. furth of the land of Sanct 

stevin. 
Itim^ four peice of evidentis of ane annuelrent of xxxx. furth of the land of wmqll 

gilbert guthrie, qrof the forland pertening to gilbert guthrie, yr., and the 

Inland to the airis of wmqll patrik gordon. 
IttMy ane chartor gevin be wmqll Walter cullen wpon dyvers annuelrentis. 
Item^ ane chartor of aucht x. furth of the land of Alexr. ronaldson presentlie 

occupeit be him. 
Item^ Tua peice of evidentis wpon ane annuelrent of xiijx. 4^. furt of the land 

now of thomas philip now to philip rowst. 
Item^ ane chartor & sasing of ane annuelrent of xiijx. iiij^. furt of the land of 

' wmqll Sir alexr. robertson. 
Item^ ane chartor of ane annuelrent of xxx. furt of the land of wmqll Wm. kames 

now pertening to henry forbes and gilbert Jameson. 
Item^ ane annuelrent of vijx. furt of the land sumtym of alexr. rutherfurd now cf 

andro Jameson and andro watson. 
liem^ ane sasing of ane annuelrent of xxiiijx. furt of the land sumtyme of Straitton 

now of gilbert guthrie, elder. 
lUm^ ane chartor & sasing of ane annuelrent of xiijx. iiij^. furt of the land of 

Wm. Jak. 
Ittmy ane sasing of ane annuelrent of vij. furth of the land of now of George 

Lanyng, and of ane annuell of xl^. furt of the land of eduard quhyt. 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 293 

liem^ thrie peice off evidentis of ane annuell off vjj. &/. ftirt of the land of matbovr 

guild, and of ane wther annuell of V5. furth of the sd. land. 
lietHy ane chartor of ane annuelrent of xxiiijj. furth of the land of wmqll Jon 
arthor lyand on the northsyd of the overkirkget now pertening to Mr. 
Richard Irwing. 
Item^ thrie peice of evidentis wpon ane fewmaill of v, merkis furth of the land of 
wmqll James huntar now of Wm. oglay. 

Item^ ane chartor of ane annuell of xxvj. fiirt of the Inland of the aris of gilbt. 
falconer & of the forland now of George Straquhen now pertening to James 
Stewart, younger^ and James dauidson, notar. 

liem^ ane chartor of vj. iiij^. furt of the land of wmqll Walter barron now per- 
tening to geoige elphinstoun. 

litm^ ane chartor & sasing off ane annuelrent of xxviijx. furth of the land of the 
airis of wmqll Jas. robertson, cordonar, & Dauid Watson, tailzeor. 

lUm^ twa peice of evidentis, ane vpon ane annuell of vijx., ane vther vpon ane 
annuell of vjx. furth of the land sumtym of alexr. Rutherfurd now of andro 
Jameson and andro Watson. 

lUm^ thrie peice of evidentis contening thrie annuelrentis, ane of xr. fiirth of the 
land of wmqll Mr. Pa. rutherfurd, ane wther of sevin s, furth of the land of 
george straquhen and henry rotson, and ane vther of vx. furth of the land 
of the airis of Jon Jak & dauid banerman now to patrik forbes, zr. of 
Colquhone. 

Item^ ane chartor of ane annuell of xx. furt of the land of the said dauid banerman 
now to James banerman. 

Ittm^ ane chartor of ane annuelrent of xxr. furt of the land of wmqll alexr. 
reid, tailzeor, now pertening to Robert Wmson and to the airis of' Jon 
reid 

liemy thrie peice of evidentis wpon ane annuell of four s, furth of the land of 
wmqll Rot craig now pertening to William Loremer. 

Item^ ane sasing of ane annuell Of vijx. furt of the land sumtyme'off alexr. Ruther- 
furd now of andro Jameson & andro Watson. 

ItcMy ane chartor gevin be wmqll Jon knoUis of certain annuelrentis, ane wpon 
ane annuell furth of the land of robert Wmson, ane wther wpon ane annuell 
furth of the land of wmqll alexr. mar baxter now to the airis of Mr. Wm. 
dauidson. 

Item, sex peice of evidentis wpon ane annuell of xijx. furt of the land of wmqll 
gavin wischart. 

lUmy ane chartor of ane annuehrent of xxiiijx. furt of the land of the said gawin 
vischart now of robert wischart. 



294 APPENDICES. 

Item, ane annuelrent of vs. fiirt of the land of kyntor now pertenuig to Robert 
wischert on the north syd of the overkirkgett. 

Androw Scherar, wt my hand. 
Mr. Petir blakbume, witncs. 
Mr. Thomas mollisone, scribe. 
Alexr. Stwin, wt. my hand. 

XLVIIL 

In dei Nomine Amen . . . anno Incamationis dominice Millesimo quingen- 
tesimo nonagesimo nono mensis vero Aprilis die decimo septiroo ... In 
mei notarii publici et testium subscriptorum presentia personaliter constitutus 
honorabilis vir Magister Alexander CuUen vnus balliuorum buigi de abir- 
dene ad specialem et humilem suppticationem Vilhelmi Knowis hurgensis 
de abirden pronepotis quondam Joannis Knowis buigensis dicti burgi et 
heredis legitimi defuncti dicti quondam Joannis eius proavi de Jure et 
titulo patronatus altaris sanctissimi precursoris domini nostri Jesu Christi 
beati Joannis Baptiste situati in ecclesie parochiali dicti burgi . . . Accessit 
personaliter cum dicto vilhdmo ad dictam ecclesiam et ibidem . . . pos- 
sessionem . . . juris et tituli dicti patronatus altaris dicti Joannis baptiste 
dicto vilhelmo Knowis personaliter acceptanti . . . deliberauit . . . secun- 
dum tenorem inquisitionis fidedignorum ciuium coram preposito et balliuis 
dicti burgi vigesimo tertio die mensis martii ultime elapsi habite . . . Qua 
possessione facta prefatus vilhelmus . . . Totum Jus et titulum suum ac 
Jurisclameum dicti patronatus ... In manibus et presentia dicti Magistri 
Alexandri Cullen Balliui . . . resignauit ... in fauorem prouidi viri et 
dilecti sui fratris germani Geoigii Knowis burgensis dicti buigi . . . Qua 
resignatione facta . . . prefatus magister alexander . . . sasinam . • . pre- 
fato Georgio . . . contulit . . . Acta erant hec in dicta ecclesia in loco vbi 
dictum altare situatum fuerat horam circit^r primam a meridie presentibus 
Ibidem prouidis viris dautde Mar Gilberto baimis buigensibus dicti burgi 
Thoma Strathauchin lanione incola eiusdem Vilhelmo hortoun pulsatore 
campanarum et Thoma cuik vno sergeandorum dicti burgi Testibus, etc 
Et ego vero Magister Thomas mollisounis, etc 

Abstrad of XLVIIL 

On 17th April, 1599, about i p.m., at the site of the Altar of S. John 
Baptist, in the Parish Church, compeared Mr. Alexander Cullen, baillie, and 
William Knowis, burgess, great grandson and heir of the late John Knowis 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 295 

buigess ; and the said Mr. Alexander ddivered to the said William possession 
of the patronage of the said altar, conform to an inquisition of trustworthy 
citizens, held before the magistrates on 23rd March preceding ; whereupon the 
said William resigned the same in favour of his brother, George Knowis, 
burgess, to whom the said Mr. Alexander granted sasine thereof. Witnesses : 
David Mar, Gilbert Bairnis, burgesses ; Thomas Strathauchin, butcher ; William 
Hortoun, bellringer ; and Thomas Cuik, one of the sergeants. 
All certified by Thomas MoUison, Notary. 

XLIX. 

Two extracts of a Decreet, dated 3rd December, 1602, pronounced by Mr. 
Thomas Nicolsone, Commissary of Aberdeen, in the action raised by the 
burgh of Aberdeen and Andro King, advocate, their common procurator 
and collector of the few maillis and chaplains annuals of the paroche kirkis 
of the said burgh, against Alexander Keyth of Balmuir, proprietor of the 
toun and lands of ''waster eschintillie callit eschintillie reges ** ; Alexander 
Key the, tacksman thairof; Robert Mill; John Mill; Alexander Drum; 
Gilbert Collie and Andrew Collie, tenants of the said lands, for an annual 
feuduty of five merks, which was in arrear for fourteen years at the date of 
the action. 

L. 

3 May, 1622. Inventar of the cheplanes wreittis delyverit be henrie forbes, 
qlk wes in the custodie of vmqll andro kyng. 

JmprimsSf ane seasing of Ten s. annuall out of tua ruddis in Invervrie be 
resignatioun of Johne Waus, cheplane ; Mr. Dauid Nicolsoune, notar. 

/Um^ ane chartor of aucht i. disponit be Andro Jack, burges of Invervrie, to Sir 
Jon litster, cheplane. 

Item^ ane seasing of aucht j., and tua s. out of ruddis in Invervrie gevin to 
Elizabeth merchand be resignatioun of Alexr. leslie of Kincragye of the dait 
14 Jary., i524[-5] ; Mr. David Nicolson, notar. Item^ the charter whereupon 
the said seasing precedit. 

/Um^ ane seasing of the samen tuo annuallis gewin to the cheplanes of S. nicolis 
kirk of Abd. be resignatioun of the said Elizat. merchand, of the dait forsaid ; 
Mr. Dauid nicolsone, notar. 

Jtemy ane seasing of aucht s. out of certane ruddis in Invervrie gewin to the 
cheplanes of S. Crispine and crispinian in Abd. be resignatioun of Andro 
Jack, burges of Invervrie, dated xj. aprill, 15 10 ; Jon gareauth, notar. 



2^ APPENDICES. 

Item^ ane duurter gewin be Walter badzenat, burges of Invervric, of aucht s, 

annualrent furt of certane ruddis in Invervne, disponit to Sir Jon Waus, 

cheplane; dated 17 Junii, 1522. 
liem^ the originall few charter grantit be the cheplanes of the choore of Sanct 

nicolas kirk of Abd. to andro durty of ane Tenement of land on the north 

syd of the castlegett now pertening to george rickard and to the airis of 

Alexr. howysone for zetrlie payment of tuelff merkis, with ane halff mark — to 

wit, x\\]s. ^d, for ilk mark, and payand to the cheplane of Sanct salvatoris 

altar fourtie^. zeirlie, of the dait the xj. of Marche, i532[-3].' 
lUm^ the seasing of andro gordoun baxter, burges of Abd., of ane annualrent of 

sex s, aucht d. furth of certane ruddis in Invervrie, dated 7 marche, i509[-io]; 

Sir Jon Stirling, notar. 
Item^ ane seasing of four s. annuall gewin to Jon badzenat out of certane rudis 

in Invervrie, dated 8 august, 1492. 
Item, Alexr. Lesly of Kincragy his seasing as air to his father of tua annuallis, ane 

of aucht i., the vther of tua f ., out of certane ruddis in Invervrie vnder the 

seall of the baillie, dated 14 Juni, 1524. 
liim^ ane seasing of some annuallis extending in all to aucht j. furth of certane 

ruiddis in Invervrie gewin to the cheplanes of S. nicolas ; Willeam philpsone, 

notar; dated 17 Jary., i522[-3]. 
Jiem^ ane charter gewin be Walter banzeaut, burges of Invervrie, of ane annuall of 

ten s. to Sir Jon Waus, cheplane, furt of certane ruddis of Invervrie, dated 

26 Febr., i52i[-2]. 
Item^ ane summondis be dely verie of the lordis anent the merches of the common 

landis. 
//(TM, ane decreit vpon the merches of the townes common landis vnder the 

subscription of Mr. thomas mollison, clerk, of the dait the sevint day of 

Juni, 1 59 1. 
lietn^ the commissars of aberdenes compulsitor aganes gilbt mengzeis of petfod* 

dellis for ane annualrent of Tuentiex., qlk restis be the space of xxviij. zeris, 

th^ bygines befoir the dait of the decreit belonges to the exrs. of andro Kyng ; 

the compulsitor is dated xxix. of aprill, 1618, sen the qlk tyme the said 

annuall belonges to the towne, extending to v. zeris.* 
Hem^ ane decreit of the lordis quhairby the said action wes committit be thame 

to the Commissar of Abd, dated the 3 of decemb., f5i6. 
Iteniy ane decreit gewin be the toun of Abd. aganes the said gilbt menzeis for the 

said annuall of Tuentie s, of the dait the xvij. of July, 1595, vnder the 

subscription of Mr. thomas mollison, clerk. 

^ On the margin — ** to be penewit ". * On the margin — ** to be prosequite ". 



CHARTER ROOM OF TOWN COUNCIL. 297 

Item^ ane Rentall on parchexnent writtin be Mr. Jon kenedy^on the chaplanes 

annualUs. 
//f//i, sevin peice of evidentis vpon Landis of Invervrie gewin in favoris of 

particular persones navayes concerning the toun of Abd. 

Henrie forbes, wt. my hand. 
Item^ ane decreit arbitrall anent the landis of Cruiffis blank in the marches 

serving to no vse. 

LI. 

Inventory of the Writs and Evidents belonging to the Blackfriars of Aberdeen, 
searched and found out by the industry and travels of Sir Thomas Mengzes 
of Cults, knight, Provost of Aberdeen, and Walter Robertson, Clerk Depute 
of the saW burgh. Which writs wer taken away and carried south be Friar 
Abircromby the time of the reformation of religion within the kingdom, 
which was in the year of God 1559, and no knowledge could be gotten of 
the said writs till this time — to wit, July, 161 7.' 



LII. 

My lord Prouest, Baillies and Counsall of the burghe of Aberdeine, Wnto yor 
honoris humblie exponis and schawis I, Williame scherar, burges of the said 
buighe. That quhair I am provydit to the haill fruitis rentis and annuallis of 
Sanct Duthacs altarage, situat within Sanct Nicolas kirk of the same burghe, 
during all the dayis of my lyftyme, and sieing the toune are in possessioun of 
the haill remanent annuallis of the said kirk, I have resolueit for my pairt to 
dimitt my lyfrent richt of the haill annuallis belonging to the said alterage 
in your fauoris alsywell for all zeiris bygaine quhilk restis sen my Institu- 
tioune as in tyme comeing, And thairfoir humblie desyires that yor w. wold 
be pleased to grant competent recompence for the same as they sail think 
most met In respect I am ane niehbour of the toune wha has a great burdeine ; 
and may yor answer, etc. 

17 Marcij, 1630. The Counsall gran tis fourtie merkis to William Sherar 
for the dimissioun of his richt of the haill annuallis belonging to 
Sanct Duthas altar, To be peyit to him be the theasurer out of the 
kirk annuallis, quhilk salbe allowit to the said theasurer in his 
compts. 

Robertson. 

'See FatH Aead. Mariscall,, p. 108. 

PP 



i 



298 APPENDICES. 

LIIL 

Copy of Summons by the Privy Council, dated the 14th June, 1630, anentan 
annual rent of 40X. granted by Robert II. on 9th April, 1378, out of the lands 
of Fyndon for the upholding of the Calsey in Cowie month. The annual 
rent had fallen into the hands of the Crown by the decease of John Craib, 
burgess of Aberdeen, without heirs, and previous to granting the annual rent 
to the burgh of Aberdeen, the summons is issued calling upon all interested 
to compeir before the Privy Council upon a day to be fixed.' 

B. 

From the Charter Room of King's College, Old Aberdeen. 

(Shuitle II. Chaplaincy of S. Mary MagdaUne.) 

I. 

Letter of acknowledgment by William of Fodringham, burgess of Aberdeen, that 
he has assigned to his well beloved friend, Andrew Alansoun, burgess, the 
wadset of his land lying in the " Galogat '' redeemed from John Wocat for 

the sum of ^40. Dated and sealed at Aberdeen, 34th March, 146^.' 

II. 

Charter by William Fodringham, burgess, with consent of his son James, whereby 
in consideration of a certain sum received for the support of the latter at the 
Schools in Paris, there is conveyed to Andrew Alansoun, and Christian 
Cadiou his Spouse, a property on the west side of the Gallowgate. Dated 
aoth October, 1462.' 

III. 

Omnibus banc cartaxn visuris . . . Willelmus giffarde burgensis burgi de Abir- 
dene . . . salutem . . . Noueritis me dedisse . . . domino dauid waus 
curato perpetuo ecclesie parochialis de Abirdene ac capellano altaris beate 
Marie Magdalene in eadem ecclesia vnum annuum redditum viginti solidorum 

^ Put up together with the summons are four papers dealing with actions for the reco%*ery 
of the annual rent from the Lairds of Durris and Pitfoddels, ranging in date from 1659 to 
1667, 

' Seal tn very good preservation. 

* Has the seals of Fodringham, Provost Richard Kintor, and Baillie Andrew Scherar. 



.- i 



CHARTER ROOM OF KING'S COLLEGE. 299 

. . . de ilia terra mea jacente in vico nauium dicti burgi inter terrain dauid 
blabir ex orientali parte ab vna et terram heredum quondam Johannis 
Strabolgy ex occidentali parte ab altera et communem Viam regiam uersus 
boriam et torrentem de Dee versus austrum pro certa summa pecunie quam 
prefatus dominus dauid de mandato et legatione prouidi viri Andree Alani 
magistri sui michi fideliter persoluebat . . . pro augmentatione Capellanie 
priineue fundationis dicti altaris per ipsum quondam Andream fundate quam 
ipse dominus dauid nunc habet et possedet pro salute anime dicti Andree et 
Cristiane Cadiou sponse sue et pro animabus Walteri giffard et Agnetis 
Ancroft sponse et pro -animabus mei Willelmi et Cristiane sponse mee et 
omnium fidelium defunctorum Tenendos ... in puram et perpetuam 
elimosinam . . . a me . . . Faciendo . . . orationum suffragia. ... In 
cuius rei testimonium sigillum meum huic presenti Carte mee vna cum 
sigillo prouidi viri dauid Symsoun ^ vnius balliuorum dicti buigi ac datoris 
sasine . . . sunt appensa apud dictum burgum sexto die mensis Septembris 
Anno domini millesimo quadringentesimo Septuagesimo quinto Testibus 
honorabilibus viris Andrea Chapman Stephano giffarde Johanne fechat 
Johanne meldrum Alexandro logy Alexandro Johannis Johanne Waus 
Alexandro de Camera duobus seriandorum et domino Roberto leis notario 
publico cum multis aliis. 

Abstract of IIL 

William Giffarde, burgess, grants to Sir David Waus, curate of the Parish 
Church and chaplain of the Altar of S. Mary Magdalene therein, an annual rent 
of 30X., from his land in the Shiprow between David Blabir's land on the £., the 
late John Strabolgy's heirs' land on the W., the king's highway on the N., and 
the Dee on the S., for a sum which the said Sir David paid on behalf of his 
master, Andrew Alanson, in augmentation of the original foundation of the 
said Altar by the said late Andrew, for the welfare of the souls of the said Andrew, 
Christiana his spouse, Walter Giffard, Agnes Ancroft his spouse, the granter 
William Giffard and Christiana his spouse, etc., to be held from the granter in 
pure alms, offering the usual prayers. Sealed by the granter, and by David 
Symsoun, baillie, at Aberdeen, 6th September, 1475. Witnesses: Andrew 
Chapman, Stephen Giffarde, John Fechat, John Meldrum, Alexander Logy, 
Alexander Johnson, John Waus, Alexander Chalmer, two of the Serjeants, Sir 
Robert Leis, notary, etc. 

' Both seals in good preservation. 



30O APPENDICES. 

IV. 

Omnibus banc Girtain visuris . . . Andreas Alanson burgensis burgi de Abirden 
et Cristiana Cadiou sponsa sua Salutem . . . Noueritis nos ... pro 
augmentatione cultus diuini ... in honore et veneratione omntpotends 
dei et gloriose virginis marie . . . dedisse . . . deo et altari beate marie 
magdalene cituato in ecdesia parocbiali beati nicholaii de Abirden et domino 
roberto rouU capellano . . . totam et integram illam terram nostram 
burgagiam inter terram heredum quondam roberd fraser ex boriali parte ex 
una et terram Alexandri blindsel ex australi partibus ex altera et duas vias 
regias versus oriens et occidens necnon duo crofta jacentia infra territorium 
croftorum dicti burgi quorum unum jacet ad finem vici castri et vocatur 
vulgariter le Sow croft inter roontem castri dicti burgi ex australi parte ex 
una et communem venellam qua itur ad le lynkis ex parte boriali et croftum 
thome Nicholaii versus oriens et communem viam regiam versus ocddens 
Aliud vero croftum jacet ad finem vici furcarum et vocatur le Calsay croft 
inter croftum Alexandri Meignes ex australi parte ex una et quandam 
magnam paludem ex boriali parte ex altera et communem viam regiam qua 
itur ad le crovis versus oriens necnon unum annuum redditum viginti unius 
solidorum et octo denariorum exeuntem annuatim de terns quondam 
Johannis blindsele jacentibus in vico viridi inter terram quondam thome 
cran ex boriali parte ex una et terram patricii culpar ex australi parte ex 
altera et communem viam regiam qua itur a dicta parocbiali ecclesia beati 
nicholaii ad domum fratrum carmelitarum uersus occidens prout se extendit 
in longitudine ad torrentem molendini versus oriens cum uno annuo redditu 
quinque solidorum alterius terre ipsius quondam Johannis Uindsele jacentis 
in fotino inter terram domini Abbatis de Abirbrothocht ex boreali parte ex 
una et terram Johannis forster ex australi parte ex altera quequidem terra 
supradicta cum croftis et annuls redditibus se extendunt ad summam quin- 
decim marcarum exceptis dictis duabus marcatis annui redditus que ordi- 
nantur ad releuanda et warantizanda ilia duo crofta supradicta de duabus 
marcis annui redditus quas prefatus quondam Johannes blindsele vendidit 
. . . magistro duncano lichtoun Cancellario Abirdoncnsi Tenendos ... in 
pura et perpetua elimosina . . .'a nobis • . . Faciendo . . . orationum 
suffragia . . . Insuper voiumus . . . quod dictus capellanus et sui succes- 
sores capellani dicti altaris celebrari facient annuadm ad dictum altare unum 
trigintale cum placebo et dirige solempniter per capellanos dicte ecclesie 
generaliter ad numenim triginta capellanorum habitis honestis et hominahbus 
decentibus pro animabus nostris supradictis eorum sumpdbus ... in do- 
minica et sabbato festum corporis Christi immediate sequentibus et Incipiendo 



CHARTER RCX)M OF KING'S COLLEGE. 3OI 

in proximo festo datam presentiutn immediate sequent! et abhinc continuando 
. . . Volumus Insuper quod Jus patronatus dicte Capellanie . . . heredibus 
meis dicti Andree Alani . . . remaneat. In Cuius rei testimonium ego 
prefatus Andreas Alansoun Sigillum proprium presentibus apposui . • . Et 
quia ego Cristiana Cadiou que huiusmodi donationi consentii . . . et 
juraroentum prestiti corporale in premissis . . . sigillum proprium non habui 
sigillum honorabilis viri Alexandri meignes burgensis dicti burgi unacum 
sigillo Johannis de kintor unius balliuorum dicti burgi ^ . . . presentibus 
apponi procuraui Apud Abirden vicesimo die mensis Marcii Anno domini 
millesimo quadringentesimo sexagesimo septimo Testibus honorabilibus 
viris Alexandro de Camera tunc preposito Ricardo de kintor Johanne fyf 
Johanne mar Alexandro blindsele Johanne brok dauid colysoun Johanne 
Stewynsoun Roberto de kyntor Willelmo alani thoma alani burgensibus 
Andrea Scherar thoma de Camera gilberto de kintor tribus balliuorum dicti 
burgi. 

Abstract of IV, 

Andrew Alanson, burgess, and Christiana Cadiou his spouse, for the increase of 
divine worship, and in honour of God and the Blessed Virgin, etc., grant to God and 
the Altar of S. Mary Magdalene in the Church of S. Nicholas, and to Sir Robert 
Roull, chaplain, their land lying between late Robert Eraser's heirs' land on N., 
Alexander Blindsel's on S., and king's two highways on E. and W.; also two 
crofts within the zone of crofts, one, the Sow Croft, at the end of the Castlegate 
between the Castlehill on S., the common wynd leading to the links on N., 
Thomas Nicholson's croft on £., and the king's highway on W., the other, the 
Calsay Croft, at the end of the Gallowgate, between Alexander Meignes' croft on 
S., a large marsh on N., and king's highway to the Cruives on E. ; also an annual 
rent of 21J. %d, from late John Blindsele's lands in the Green between late Thomas 
Cran's land on N., Patrick Culpar's on S., king's highway from S. Nicholas Kirk 
to Carmelites Place on VV., and Mill bum on E. ; with an annual rent of 5X. from 
another of late John Blindsele's lands in Futty, between Abbot of Aberbrothock's 
land on N. and John Forster's on S.: said land, crofts, and annual rents amounting 
to fifteen merks, less two marks of annual rent from said crofts sold by said late 
John Blindsele to Mr. Duncan Lichtoun, Chancellor of Aberdeen. To be held 
in alms from the granters, offering up the usual prayers. The granters further 
direct the chaplain to perform yearly a trenthal with Placebo and Dirige for souls 
aforesaid on Sunday and Saturday following the Feast of Corpus Christi ; the 
patronage of the said chaplaincy to remain in the heirs of the granter. Sealed by 

^ All three seals in good preservation. 



302 APPENDICES. 

Andrew Alanson and (in default of a seal for Chrisdana Cadiou) by Alexander 
Meignes, burgess, and John de Kintor, baillie, at Aberdeen, 20th March, 1462. 
Witnesses : Alexander Chalmer, provost ; Richard de Kintor, John Fyf, John 
Mar, Alexander Blindsele, John Brok, David Colysoun, John Stewynsoun, 
Robert de Kyntor, William Alanson, Thomas Alanson, burgesses ; Andrew 
Scherar, Thomas Chalmer, Gilbert de Kintor, baillies. 



V. 

In dei Nomine Amen . . . anno ab Incamatione domini millesimo CCCC 
Septuagesimo tertio mensis vero Septembris die XI P. ... In mei notarii 
publici et testium subscriptorum presentta personaliter Constitutus prouidus 
et discretus vir Andreas Alani burgensis burgi de Ahirdene propter affectionem 
camalem quam habuit carissimo fratri suo Thome Alani burgensi dicti burgi 
. . . dedit ... Jus patronatus omnium Capellaniarum fundatanim et 
fundandarum per ipsum Andream in ecclesia parochiali dicti burgi ad altare 
bcate marie magdalene predicto Thome alani fratri suo et heredibus suis 
cum potestate presentandi capellanum et capellanos . . . totiens quotiens 
racare contingent . . . Acta erant hoc in Camera dicti Andree hoia 
Vndecima vel vocata ante merediem . . . presentibus . . . magistro Andrea 
liel thesaurario Abirdonensi Alexandro Menzes Andrea scherar Alexandro 
trayle dominis dauid waus curato de Abirdene Willelmo donaldi Alexandro 
Alani et Alexandro logy cum diuersis aliis, etc. . . . 

Et Ego robertus leis . . . publicus . . . notarius. . . . 

Abstract of V. 

On i2th September, 1473, ^^ '' ^.m., compeared Andrew Alanson, burgess, 
and transferred to his brother Thomas the patronage of all chaplaincies founded 
or to be founded by him at the Altar of S. Mary Magdalen. Witnesses : Mr. 
Andrew Liel, treasurer, Alexander Menzes, Andrew Scherar, Alexander Trayle, 
Sirs David Waus, curate, William Donaldson, Alexander Alanson, Alexander 
^-ogy, etc. 

.Ml certified by Robert Leis, notary. 

VL 

Omnibus banc Cartam visuris . . . Dauid waus Capellanus perpetuus altaris 
beate Marie Magdalene in ecclesia parochiali burgi de Abirdene situati 



CHARTER ROOM OF KING'S COLLEGE. 303 

Salutem . . . Noueritis me cum consensu et assensu prouidi vin Andrea 
Alani buigensis dicti burgi ac patroni mei dicti Altaris dedisse . . . Gilberto 
Morison burgensi dicti burgi totam et integram illam terram meam jacentem 
in vico viridi eiusdem burgi inter terram Thome keng ex australi parte ab 
vna et terram heredum quondam Thome crane ex boriali parte ab altera et 
communem viam r^iam versus occidens prout se extendit in longitudine et 
latitudine ad torrentem decurrentem a molendino superiore ad inferius versus 
oriens quamquidem terram ... ad quatuor capitalia placita per processus 
legitime ductos atque probatos ob defectum solutionis cuiusdam annui 
redditus undecem solidorum et octo denariorum vsualis mon^ce Scotie 
michi de dicta terra debiti juridice recuperaui juxta laudabiles . . . 
consuetudines burgorum . . . Tenendam ... de me ... in feodo 
et hereditate ac in libero burgagio . . . reddendo michi et succes- 
soribus meis capellanis dicti altaris annuatim vnum annuum redditum 
vndecem solidorum et octo denariorum ... In Cuius Rei testimonium 
sigillum meum huic presenti carte mee vnacum Sigillo Johannis waus vnius 
balliuorum dicti burgi ac daton's sasine . . . una cum sigillo dicti Andree 
patroni mei in signum sui consensus sunt appensa Apud dictum burgum 
vicesimo die mensis Januarii anno domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
septuagesimo tertio Testibus prouidis viris Andrea Scherar tunc preposito 
tempore recuperationis dicte terre Alexandro Menzes henrico ruthirfurde 
Alexandro rede thoma Mar Dauid Mar Moricio talzour Johanne Wellis 
buigensibus domino Roberto leis capeliano et. notario publico Alexandro 
andree et philippo de dumbreck seriandis cum multis aliis. 



Abstract of VL 

David WauSy chaplain of the Ahar of S. Mary Magdalen, with consent of 
Andrew Alanson, burgess, patron thereof, grants to Gilbert Morison, burgess, his 
land in the Green, between Thomas King's land on S., late Thomas Crane's 
heirs' land on N., king's highway on W., burn from Upper to Lower Mill on £., 
recovered by granter in default of payment of an annual rent of 11^. 8^. ; to be 
held of the granter ; paying an annual rent of like amount. Sealed by^granter, 

by John Waus, baillie, and by said Andrew, at Aberdeen, 20th January, 147^* 
Witnesses: Andrew Scherar, provost; Alexander Menzes, Henry Ruthirfurde, 
Alexander Rede, Thomas Mar, David Mar, Morice TaJzour, John Wellis, 
burgesses ; Sir Robert Leis, chaplain and notary ; Alexander Anderson and 
Philip Dumbreck, sergeants, etc. 



1 



304 APPENDICES. 

VII. 

In nomine domini Amen . . . anno Incamationis dominice millesimo quadrin- 
gentesimo nonogesimo secundo mensis vero }anuarii die decima quarta . . . 
In mei Notarii Publici et testium subscriptorum presentia personaliter consti- 
tutus prouidus vir Thomas waus burgensis de Abirdene verus et indubitatus 
patronus cuiusdam annui redditus quadraginta solidorum . . . de tUa sua 
terra quam inhabitat jacente in vico castri burgi de Abirdene inter terram 
Johannis Wormot ex parte occidentali ex parte vna et terram Johamiis 
Sinclar in orientali terramque dauid themanin Aurifabri ex austral! et 
communem viam Regiam ex boriali partibus ab alteris quemquidem annuum 
redditum quondam bone memorie magister Thomas waus precentor mora- 
uiensis patruus dicti thome fundauit . . . vni capellano infra ecclesiam 
parochialem beati Nicholai de Aberdene ad altare sancti Martini in eadem 
perpetualiter celebraturo . . . dilectum consanguineum suum dominum 
Robertum Waus ad dictum altare quoadiunxerit seruiturum presentauit et 
dictum annuum redditum . . . dicto domino Roberto . . . assignauit 
traditionem sui vireti dicto domino Roberto in signum possessionis . . . 
conferendo Indulsitque dictus Thomas prefato domino roberto suo 
presentato . . . usque ad festum penthecostes proxime future apud 
ecclesiam cathedralem Aberdonensem cum suo seruitio incepto et nondum 
finito . . . remanere et quoquidem termino penthecostes aduenerit Vlterius 
de consilio carissimi patrui sui magistri Martini waus decani Rossensis 
poUicitus est in omnibus se facturum vdlens Animas suorum predicessorum 
fiindatonim missarum et orationum dicendarum de suffragio ad dictum altare 
minime decipi vel postponi Preterea voluit dictus Thomas quendam annuum 
redditum tresdecim solidorum et quatuor denariorum nonnuper fundatum 
per quondam dominum dauid waus vicarium de banf et relictum Capellanie 
ecclesie beati nicholaii de Aberdene pro anniuersario annuatim celebrando 
ad altare beati martini in eadem pro animabus dicti quondam dauid et 
recolende memorie magistri thome waus precentoris antedicti . . . distribui 
per dictum dominum Robertum suum admissum ad dictum Altare beati 
Martini sicut ipse coram supremo judice fuerit responsurus . . . Acta 
fuerunt hec in hospicio dicti decani Rossensis apud burgum de Aberdene 
hora secunda post merediem . . . presentibus . . . magistro martino waus 
decano Rossensi sepedicto et Ricardo waus burgense de Aberdene. . . . 
Et Ego Johannes Baidenagh . . . notarius publicus. . . . 

Abstract of VII. 
On 14th January, 149 , about 2 p.m., compeared Thomas Waus, burgess. 



CHARTER ROOM OF KING'S COLLEGE. 305 

and presented his cousin, Sir Robert Waus, to the chaplaincy of the Altar of S. 
Martin, in the Church of S. Nicholas, and to an annual rent of 40s. from his land 
in the Castlegate, between John Wormet's on W., Thomas SincWs on £., David 
Themanin (goldsmith) 's on S., and king's highway on N., granted by the said 
Thomas' uncle, Mr. Thomas Waus, Precentor of Moray, to a chaplain to serve at 
the said altar, the said Sir Robert to continue to serve in the Cathedral ot 
Aberdeen till Pentecost next, and to be guided in all things by the advice of his 
unde, Mr. Martin Waus, Dean of Ross. Further, the said Thomas willed that 
an annual rent of 13X. 4^/., founded by Sir David Waus, Vicar of Banfi^ for cele- 
brating an anniversary at the same altar for the souls of the said David and Mr. 
Thomas, be administered by the said Robert. Witnesses: Mr. Martin Waus, 
Dean of Ross ; Richard Waus, burgess. 

All certified by John Baidenagh, notary. 

VIIL 

Collation by William (Elphinstone), Bishop of Aberdeen, of Robert Waus, to the 
chaplaincy of Mary Magdalene, within the Church of S. Nicholas, on the 
resignation of Sir David Waus, Vicar of Banff, last chaplain. Dated 5 th 
December, 1492.* 

IX. 

Uniuersis et singulis ad quorum noticiam presentes litere pervenerint Alexander 
Chamer filius Thomas (iff Andreas Cullane senior et Thomas lesly Balliui 
burgi de Aberdene* . . . salutem . . . coram nobis in pretorio dicti 
burgi pro tribunali sedentibus die lune quinto die mensis Octobris 
anno domini millesimo quadringentesimo nonogesimo quinto In plena et 
capitali curia Accessit ad barram discretus vir dominus Robertus Waus 
capellanus perpetuus altaris beate Marie Magdalene infra ecclesiam 
perrochialem dicti buigi situati et petiit a communi clerico tres processus 
per ipsum legittime deductos in tribus curiis capitalibus precedentibus 
perlegi de et super recuperatione cuiusdam terre vaste olim Wilhelmi giffard 
pertinentis . . . jacentis infar dictum burgum in vico nauium ex australi 
parte eiusdem vici inter terram Johannis blak ex orientali ex vna et terram 
patricii Andersone ex occidentali partibus ab altera communem viam regiam 
versus boriam et torrentem sancte trinitatis versus austrum in defectu solu- 
tionis vnius annui redditus viginti solidorum vsualis monete scotie sibi et 

> Sealed with the Bishop's Round Seal. 

' The seals of Chalmer, Fife, and CuUan in good preservation— that of Leslie wanting. 



306 APPENDICES. 



dkto Altari a longo tempore debid . • . Qaibus . . . perlectis . . . 
decietum fiiit per Curiam et datum pro judicio per ot Johamiis WOzeam- 
sone indicatoris curie quod ipse dominus Robertus proprietatem . . . 
prefate terre . . . legitdme recuperautt . . . super quibus • . • dictus 
dominus RobertUs nostras litteras testimo^iales nostris sigillis roboiatas 
vnacum subscriptione notarii publid . . . reuerentia debita petiit quas 
etdem . • . concessimus • . . Coram • . . Alexandro chamer de Muithill 
preposito Alexandro Mengheis Roberto blinseil Alexandre reid thoma prat 
Andrea Branche Willelmo blinseill Wiilelmo kintor buigensibus dicti buigi 
Andrea Naughty Jacobo lets £t henrico Orvm sergeandis. 

Et Ego Jo)ianne Stinieling • . . publicus • . . Notarius. . • . 

Abstract of JX. 

On 5th October, 1495, in presence of Alexander Cbamer, Thomas Fiff, 
Andrew Cullane, senior, and Thomas Lesly, baillie, sitting in the baillie comt, 
compeared at the bar Sir Robert Waus, chaplain of the altar of S. Mai>' 
Magdalen, in the parish church, and requested the clerk to read three processes 
anent the recovery of a waste land formerly William Giffard's, lying on the S. of 
the Shiprow, between John Black's land on E., Patrick Anderson's on W., king's 
highway on N., and Trinity burn on S., in default of payment of an annual rent 
of aof., long overdue ; which being read, the court decreed, and caused to be 
proclaimed by John Williamsone, crier, that the said claim had been established, 
and granted letters testifying thereto. Witnesses : Alexander Chamer of Muit- 
hill, provost; Alexander Mengheis, Robert Blinseil, Alexander Reid, Thomas 
Prat, Andrew Branche, William Blinseill, William Kintor, burgesses; Andrew 
Naughty, James Leis, and Henry Orum, sergeants. 
All certified by John Stirveling, notary. 

X. 

Collation by William (Elphinstone), bishop of Aberdeen, of Sir Andrew Gray, to 
the chaplaincy of Mary Magdalene, within the church of S. Nicholas, on 
the resignation of Robert Waus, last chaplain; dated at Edinbuigh, 21st 

March, 150^.^ 

XL 

Omnibus banc Cartam yisuris . . . dominus Andreas gray capellanus perpetuus 
altaris Sancte Marie Magdalene infra ecclesiam parrochialem beati nicholai 

^ Scaled with the Bishop** Rouad Seal and that of Duncan Mttrray, N.P. 



CHARTER ROOM OF KING'S COLLEGE. 307 

de abirdene situati . . . Salutem Noueritis me cum expressis consensu . . . 
Reuerendi in Christo patris . . . Willelmi . . . Abirdonensis episcopi 
patroni veri et indubitati eiusdem • . . dedisse Willelmo Sclater latuno 
incole dicti burgi Totam et integram illam terram penitus vastam . . . 
Jacentem infra eundem burgum in vico viridi quo itur a dmiterio Sancti 
Nicholaii ad locum fratrum carmilitarum ex orientali parte eiusdem vici 
inter terram Johannis fynne ex australi ex vna et terram Alexandri Sclater 
ex boreali panibus ab altera et communem viam regiam versus occidens 
extendentem in longitudine ad Torrentem siue aqueductum molendinorum 
vetsus oriens Tenendam . . . a me . . . de . . . Rege ... in libero burgagio 
. . . reddendo michi et successoribus meis capellanis perpetuis dicti altaris 
undecim solidos ... In Cuius Rei testimonium huic presenti carte mee 
sigillum meum et sigillum dicti Reuerendi in Christo patris patroni 
dicti altaris . . . vnacum sigillo honorabilis viri Johannis coUisone 
vnius balliuonim dicti Burgi ac datoris sasine . . . sunt appensa 
apud abirdene vicesimo primo die mensis maii anno domini- millesimo 
quingailesimo quarto coram fidedignis viris Thoma Gledstane patricio 
Adamsone Willelmo fynne gilberto memocht Jacobo mylne incolis 
dicti Burgi domino donaldo Andersourie Capellano Willelmo Scrimgeour 
Andrea nachty sergiandis . . . et domino Jobanne Struueling notario 
publico. 

Hec est vera copia principalis carte. ... 

Abstract of XL 

Sir Andrew Gray, chaplain of the Altar of S. Mary Magdalene, in the 
Church of S. Nicholas, with consent of William, bishop of Aberdeen, patron 
thereof, grants to William Sclater, mason, a land on the £. of the Green, running 
from the burying ground of S. Nicholas to the Carmelites' Place, between John 
Fynne's land on S., Alexander Sclater's on N., king's highway on W., Mill burn 
on £. ; to be held from the granter of the king ; paying to the chaplains of the 
said altar i is. yearly. Sealed at Aberdeen by the granter, by the Bishop, and 
by John Collisone, baillie, giver of sasine, aist May, 1504. Witnesses : Thomas 
Gledstane, Patrick Adamsone, William Fynne, Gilbert Memocht, James Mylne ; 
Sir Donald Andersone, chaplain ; William Scrimgeour, Andrew Nachty, sergeants ; 
and Sir John Stirveling, notary. [True Copy.] 

XIL 

Omnibus banc Cartam visuris . . . Magister Johannes Cumyng Capellanus 
perpetuus altaris Beate Marie Magdalene situati infra «ecclesiam parrochi- 



308 APPENDICES. 

alem Beati Nicfaokii de Aberdene • . . talntem Nooentis me . • . sople- 
mento diuini cultus diligienter considemto Et presertim ne anime fundatomin 
debtto defraudentur obsequto . • . vnacttm c x prc sii s consensu . . . domini 
Jacobi kinoady decani pro tempore Aberdonensis eC c^tuli eocksie 
cathedialis eiusdem . . • necnon . • . Bfagistri hectoris Boedi principalis 
noui et pontiiicalis coUegii Aberdonensis . . . dedisse . . . Johanni 
Watsone buigensi bargi de Aberdene totam eC integram terram meam 
penitus vastam . . . Jacentem infra dictum burgum in vico nauium ex 
australi parte eiusdem vid Inter terram Johannis blak conburgensts died 
burgi ex orientali ex vna et terram dicti Johannis Wats<Hie ex ocddentali 
partibus ab altera communem viam regiam versus boream et torrentem 
Sancte trinttatis versus austrum . . . Tenendam • . . a me . • . de rege . . . 
in libero burgagio . . . Reddendo inde annuatim michi et suocessoribus 
meis capellanis dicti altaris vnum annuum redditum yiginti solidorum . . . 
In Cuius Rei testimonium huic presenti carte mee sigillum meum et sigilla 
communis capituli ecclesie cathedralis Aberdonensis et noui pontificalis 
collegii Aberdonensis in signum eonindem consensus unanim sigfllo 
honorabiHs viri Andree fyff vnius ballivorum Oppidi de Aberdene ac datoris 
sasine . . . Apud Aberdoniaih et Aberdene [sic] duodecimo die mensis 
Decembris Anno domini millesimoquingentesimodedmoquinto Coram . . . 
Willelmo cheishome Andrea craufurd Waltero craufurd Andrea Mortymer 
buigensibus de Aberdene Willelmo scrimgeour Dauid henoun sergeandis 
. . . Et domino Johanne Sterueling notario publico vnacumsubscriptionibus 
manualibus Canonicorum et magistroruro pre&te ecclesie cathedialis et 
noui collegii pontificalis Aberdonensis.' 

Abstract of XI L 

Mr. John Cumyng, chaplain of the altar of S. Mary Magdalene, in the Church 
of S. Nicholas, for the increase of divine worship, and in honour of the founders, 
with consent of Sir James Kincrady, Dean of Aberdeen, and of the chapter of the 
Cathedral, and of Hector Boece, Principal of the New and Papal College, grants 
to John Watson, buigess, his land on the S. of the Shiprow, between John Blak, 
buigess's land, on £., John Watson's on W., king's highway on *N., and Trinity 
bum on S. ; to be held from the granter of the king ; paying to the chaplains 
of the said altar an annual rent of sox. Sealed by the granter and by Andrew 
Fyff, baillie, and giver of sasine, and with the common sods of the chapter and 

^ The seals of Cuming, Fife, and the New College (King's) are fai £ur preservation — 
the chapter seal is awanting. There aro no signatures to the Qharter, 



CHARTER ROOM OF KING'S COLLEGE. 309 

the colkge, at Aberdeen, 12th December, 15 15. Witnesses : William Cheishome, 
Andrew Ciaufiird, Walter Craufurd, Andrew Mortymer, burgesses; William 
Scrimgeour, David Herroun, sergeants ; Sir John Stirueling, notary, etc. 

xin. 

Collation by the Dean and Chapter of the Cathedral and Hector Boece, Principal 
of the New College (King's), of Mr. Hector Myrtoun to the chaplaincy of 
S. Mary Magdalene in S. Nicholas' Church on the resignation of Mr. Thomas 
Clark, last chaplain. Dated loth July, 1518.^ 

XIV. 

Sasine under the hand of David Nicholson, notary public, following on the 
resignation of John Watson, senior, burgess of Aberdeen, in favour of John 
Black, burgess, of a property newly built on the south side of the Shiprow. 
i6th December, 1523. 

XV». 

Precept by William Lesly of Balquhain, sheriff of Aberdeen, obtained at the 
instance of the Principal and sub-principal of the College of Aberdeen, 
patrons of the chaplaincy of S. Mary Magdalene, and Mr. John Kennedy, 
present chaplain of the same, arresting in the hands of John Robertson, 
dwelling in the Gallowgate, certain goods belonging to Mr. Hector Myrtoun, 
last chaplain, and summoning him to appear before the said sheriff to show 
reason why he refused to deliver up a chest and chalice belonging to the 
said chaplaincy, or else to pay over the sum of twenty-four merks arrested in 
his hand for that cause, i6th November, 1563. 

XV. 

Curia balliuorum burgi de Abirdene tenta in pretorio eiusdem vigesimo nono die 
mensis Julij anno domini millesimo quingentesimo quadragesimo primo per 
honorabiles viros Thomam menzes prepositum magistrum Johannem gordoun 
et Alexandrem rutherfurd duos balliuorum dicti burgi pro tribunal! sedentes. 

The said day the prowest and bailies forsayd commandit and ordanit Alexr. kay 
officiar to pass wt. maister hector myrtoune cheplane of mare magdalenis 
alter situat wtin the parroche kirk of Abirdene and compryos ane pece of 
gray dayt of fyiv quarteris pertening to Johun metchell for fyiv schillingis 

) 9ea]e4 with tho «ecre( seal of the Chapter, 



i 



3IO APPEKDICES. 

of annuell rent awand to the sayd maister hector as cheplane of the 
alter of the mcrtimes terme last bypast in the yeir of god ane thowsand fyiv 
hundrett and fourty yeiris of ane land pertening to alexr. menzes quhOk the 
said Johun inhabitis lyand on the est syd of the gallowgaytt betuix die land 
of george quhytt on the south part and the land of the said alexr. on the 
north partt And sickik chaigit hym to pound the sayd land for vder fyif 
scbillingis of annuell rent of the vyt sounday terme last bypast qohiik 
extendis yeirly to tene scbillingis scottis of annuell rent 

Heir followis the comprysing of fyiv quarteris of gray dayt and ane Im 
pott pertening to Johun metchell for ten scbillingis of annuell rent 
. . . maid and comprysit be alexr. kay officiar at command of the 
prowest and bailies. 

The third day of august in the yeir of god ane thowsand fyiv hundreith fourtty 
and ane yeir Robert Indeaucht and Thorn pattoune swome prysaris com- 
prysit the said fyiv quarteris of gray clayt to four scbillingis and the said 
Im pott to tene x. as first day of process. 

The saxt day of august and yeir of god forsaid Thomas myll andro Vilson and 
Thom pattoune youngar sworn prysaris comprysit the said dayt and pott to 
the pryce aboune wrytine as secund day of process. 

The tent day of August and yeir of god forsaid Thomas reid Johhne schippertt 
and Thomas myll swome prysaris comprysit the said pece gray clayt and 
Ira pott to the sowmes of money abone wrytin as third day of process. 

Penultimo die mensis augusti anno domini millesimo 
quingentesimo quadragesimo primo. 

The said day the prowest and bailies chaigit alexr. kay officiar to pass to the 
mercatt croce and royp the gray clayt and Ira pott comprysit be hym at the 
instans of maister hector myrtoune for tene scbillingis of annuell rent and 
expensis of courtt and offir the saymn to the party of the samyn pryce and gyf 
be refusis, To mak money thairof and payment to the said maister hector. 
Ita est Dauid nicholson Scriba communis. . . . 

XVI. 

Petition to William (Gordon), bishop of Aberdeen, by the Principal, sub-principal, 
rector, and regents of the new King's College of Aberdeen,^ praying that Mr. 
John Kennedy be presented to the chaplaincy of S. Mary Magdalene, vacant 
by the death of Mr. Hector Myrton, 31st March, 1563.' 

^ Note that it is no longer called '* Papal " : the Refiorroation had taken place. 

* 9eal«d with ch« CooMnoii S^ of the CoUe^, and signed by the Rector, Principal, etc. 



CHARTER ROOM OF KING'S COLLEGE. 31I 

XVII. 

Collation by William, Bishop of Aberdeen, of Mr. John Kennedy, to the chaplaincy 
of S. Mary Magdalene in S. Nicholas' Church on the death of Mr. Hector 
Myitoun, last chaplain, 8th April, 1563,^ with sasine of the same, under the 
hand of John Hiiy, notary, of date, 30th April, 1563. 

(Shuttle IX., No. 4.) 

Omnibus banc Cartam visuris . . . Johannes Sthevyne filius et heres quondam 
Richardi Sthevyne buigensis burgi de Abirdene . . . Salutem Noueritis me 
. , . concessisse . . . Jacobo Colisoun conburgensi dicti burgi totam et 
integram illam terram meam burgagiam . . . tarn anteriorem quam interi- 
orem Jacentem infra dictum burgum in vico furcarum ex occidental! parte 
eiusdem vici inter terram Andree Murray ex australi ex una et terram 
quondam thome de Camera ex boriali partibus ex altera et communem 
viam regiam versus oriens extendentem in longitudine ad lacum dicti 
buigi versus occidens . . . Tenendam ... a me . . . de fratribus por- 
tantibus Stellam bethleem ... in libero burgagio . . . Reddendo . . . 
prefatis fratribus domus de bethleem et suis successoribus dimidietatem 
libre Cere ad festum penthicostes Ac Soluendo annuatim capellano perpetuo 
altaris Beati Stephani prothomartyris infra ecclesiam parochialem beati 
nicholaii de Abirdene unum annuum redditum tresdecim solidorum et 
quatuor denariorum ... In Cuius Rei testimonium huic presenti carte 
mee sigillum meum et sigillum prouidi viri Andree Culane unius balliuorum 
sunt appensa Apud Abirdene primo die mensis Marcii Anno domini mil- 
lesimo quadringentesimo nonogesimo Coram prouidis viris domino dauid 
Waus vicario de banf Johanne Collisone Waltero Auchneywe Willelmo 
blinsell magistro Richardo crafurde duncano Colisone burgensibus philippo 
dumbrek Sergiando et domino Johanne StirUeling presbitro ac notario 
publico. ' 

Abstract of /Af., 4. 

John Sthevyne, son and heir of late Richard Sthevyne, burgess, grants to 
James Colisoun, cobuigess, his burgage land on the W. pf the Gallowgate, 
between Andrew Murray's land on the S., the late Thomas Chalmer's on the 
N., king's highway on £., and Loch on W. : to be held of the Friars bearing 
^he Star of Bethlehem : paying to the said Friars one half pound of wax at 

^ Signed and sealed with the Bishop's Round Seal. 



312 APPENDICES. 

Pentecost, and to the chaplain of the Altar of S. Stefriien, Martyr, within the 
Church of S. Nicholas, an annual rent of ly. 4^. Sealed by granter and by 
Andrew Culane, baillie, at Aberdeen, ist March, 149^ Witnesses : Sir David 
Waus, Vicar of Banff; John CoUisone, Walter Auchneywe, William Blinsell, Mr. 
Richard Craftirde, Duncan Colisone, burgesses ; Philip Dttmbrek, sergeant ; and 
Sir John Stirvding, priest and notary. 

(Shuttle XXVIIL, No. 17.) 

In dei nomine Amen . . . Anno Incamacionis dominice millesimo quingen- 
tesimo quarto mensis vero februarii die decimo sexto « . . In mei rK)Carii 
publici et testium infrascriptonim presencia personaliter constitutus Venera- 
bilis vir Robertas elphinstoun rector de kincardin asserens quod alias con- 
cordatum iuit inter . . . Willelmum episcopum Abirdonensem ex vna et 
magtstrum Johannem chamer partibus ab altera quia idem magister 
Johannes renunciauerat omni juri et juris dameo quod habuit ... ad 
hospitale sancti germani cum annexis et annue pensioni quarundem deci- 
marum garbalium ecclesie de Abirluthnot Sancti Andree diocesis pro 
summa quinquaginta marcarum monete scocie sibi annuatim soluendarum 
per magistros, studentes et legentes in nono coUegio beate Virginis marie 
sub titulo de Natiuitate in Vniuersitate Abirdonensi prefato magistro 
Johanni . . . donee et quousque dictus revereAdus pater sibi prouideret 
in beneficio seu beneficiis ant CapelUmiis extendentibus ad summam quin- 
quaginta marcarum Et quia dictus reuerendus pater eidem magistro 
Johanni rectoriam ecclesie de fethimeir provisit ... in compensatione 
. . . viginti librarum . • . volensque . . . capellaniam altaris beate marie 
Magdalene in ecclesia beati nicholai de abirdein fundatam tunc 
vacantem ... in contentatione residui . . . conferre . . . Instrumentum 
. . . collationis . . . prefate capellanie . . . eidem magistro Johanni ex- 
hibuit . . . Quod idem . . . reverenter accipiens . . . preiatos reuerendos 
patrem cancellarium dicte Vniuersitatis magistros legentes et studentes ac 
possessores dicte ecclesie de Abirluthnot . . . quietedamauit imperpetuum 
. . • Acta erant hec in dicta ecdesia hora quasi duodedma . . « presentibus 
• • . magistris alexandro ffiff dauid menzeis thoma chamer domino andrea 
colisoun capellanis alexandro gray johanne wormet andrea barrie. . . . 
Et Ego Johannes Stirueling, etc 

Abstract of XX VI I L, 17. 

On 1 6th February, 150J, about noon, compeared, in the Church of S. 
Nicholas, Robert Elphinstoun, Parson of Kincardin, and narrated how Mr. John 



REGISTRUM EPISCOPATUS ABERDONENSIS. 313 

Chamer had resigned his rights to the Hospital of S. Germains, and to an annual 
pension from the teind sheaves of the Church of Abirluthnot, for an annual 
payment of fifty merks by the masters, readers, and students of the New College 
of the Blessed Virgin, and had received from Bishop Elphinstoun, in part equi- 
valent for said payment, the parsonage of Fethimeir ; and further, did now present 
to the said Mr. John an instrument of collation to the vacant chaplaincy of the 
altar of S. Mary Magdalen, in the said Church of S. Nicholas : which the said 
Mr. John accepted in full satisfaction of said payment. Witnesses : Mr*. 
Alexander Fiff, David Menzeis, Thomas Chamer, and Sir Andrew Colisoun, 
chaplains; Alexander Gray, John Wormet, Andrew Barrie. 
All certified by John Stirveling. 



C. 

From the Rbgistrum Episcopatus Abbrdonensis, 1294-1507. 

L (Vol. i. p. 35.) 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentes literas inspecturis Malcolmus de 
Palc^ueny et Duncanus mercator burgenses de Aberden salutem etemam 
in Domino Quia communitas burgi de Aberden vnanimiter concessit 
inperpetuum nobis et heredibus nostris omnes terras et redditus quos magister 
Ricardus cementarius quondam burgensis de Aberden in sua prosperitate 
dedit et contulit pro salute anime sue Elene sponse sue et omnium fidelium 
Deo et beate Marie et altari beati Johannis apostoli et evangeliste in 
ecdesia beati .Nicholai de Aberden prout in carta collationis predicti 
magistri Ricardi plenius continetur quam cartam penes nos habemus sub hac 
forma quod nos et heredes nostri inueniemus quemdam ydoneum capellanum 
inperpetuum dicto altari pro quinque marcis annuis deseruiturum et 
inueniendo honeste libros luminaria et omnia cetera ornamenta ad dictum 
altare de jure spectantia et etiam dimidiam marcam annuam scilicet unam 
medietatem luminari ante crucem in dicta ecdesia et aliani medietatem 
luminaria beate Marie Virginis in eadem ecdesia Nos predicti 
Malcolmus et Duncanus obligauimus ilium redditum annualem quatuor 
marcarum in quo Laurentius Swyn nobis tenetur de illis duabis celdis cum 
solario iacentibus ex australi parte loci qui dicitur le Kucstule in burgo de 
Aberden sdlicet per me Nicholaum [Md/ctfimum] viginti solidos et per me 
Duncanum duas marcas cum dimidia et de illis celdis per me Nicholaum 
[Afa/af/mum] que fuerunt Jacobi Cramp viginti solidos quas celdas Thomas 
filius Alicie burgensis de Aberden de me Malcolmo tenet ... In cuius rei 

KR 




314 APPENDICES. 

testimonium presentibus literis sigllla nostra apponi fecimus datum apud 
Aberden die Mercurij proximo post festum apostoiorum Petri et Paoli anno 
grade M* * CC* * nonogesimo quarta 

Abstract of I. 

Malcolm of Palogoueny and Duncan, merchant, burgesses, grantees from 
the buigh of Aberdeen of the lands and rents given by Mr. Richard Cementarius, 
burgess (for the welfare of the souls of himself and his spouse ElenX to the Altar 
of S. John the Apostle in the Church of S. Nicholas ; on condition of supplying a 
chaplain to serve thereat for five merks yearly, and of furnishing books, candles, 
etc., therefor, and of paying half-a-merk yearly to maintain lights before the 
Cross and in honour of the Blessed Virgin : bind themselves thereanent, 
Malcolm in aor. and Duncan in 2\ merks, from the rents of two tenements to 
the S. of Kucstule, held of them by Laurence Swyn ; and Malcolm in 20s, 
from tenements (formerly James Cramp's) held of him by Thomas Alison, 
buigess. Sealed at Aberdeen, on Wednesday after the Feast of SS. Peter and 
Paul (a9th JuneX 1294. 

IL (VoL L p. a6a.) 

Johannes l^uyngstoune vicarius ecclesie parrochialis de Inuerugy . . . Noueritis 
me . . . dedisse . . . altari beati Petri in ecclesia parochiali beati Nicholai 
buigi de Aberdene cituato et capellano ibidem diuina celebranti . . . illud 
tenementum meum . • . iacens ex parte boreali vici castri eiusdem burgi 
inter terram Johannis Dauisone ex parte orientali ex vna et tenam Patricij 
Badenauch ex parte occidentali partibus ex altera Tenendum . . . de . . . 
rege ... in puram et perpetuam elemosinam . . . fTaciendo inde . . . 
seruicium burgale . . . et reddendo inde annuatim altari beate Katerine 
cituato in eadem ecclesia viginti solidos et Alexandro Kintor . . . tres- 
decim solidos et quatuor denarios . . . Propterea quia dictum altare ... ad 
summam quinque mercarum quatuor solidorum et quatuor denariorum 
est infeodatum videlicet de vno annuo redditu tresdecem solidorum et 
quatuor denariorum de terra magistri Johannis Cadzow iacente ex parte 
boreali vici superioris ecclesie inter terram Ade de Crafurde ex parte 
orientali ex vna et terram Johannis de Scrogis filij ex parte occidentali 
partibus ex altera de vno annuo redditu viginti sex solidorum et octo 
denariorum de terra quam nunc inhabitat Johannes de Scrogis pater iacente 
ex parte australi vici castri inter terram Johannis de Mar ex parte 
orientali ex vna et terram quondam Johannis Roberti de Tulligreige 
ex parte occidentali partibus ex altera de vno annuo redditu viginti 



REGISTRUM EPISCOPATUS ABERDONENSIS.. 31$ 

solidonim de tena beredum quondam Thome Rollande iacente ex 
parte orientali vici furcarum inter terram heredum quondam Thome de 
Croudane ex parte boreali ex vna et terram Ricardi Kintor ex parte austral! 
partibus ex altera de vno annuo redditu sex solidonim de terra Johannis 
Stevinsone iacente in ly Newraw vici furcarum inter terram Andree Baxter 
ex parte australi et terram Johannis Quhyit ex parte boreali et de vno 
annuo redditu quinque solidonim . . . de quodam tofto et crofto iacente 
[in] constabillaria de Durris infra vicecomitatum de Kincardin . . . que 
summa annuorum reddituum per se aut tenementum predictum per me 
eidem altari collatum per se ad sustentationem capellani ydonei minime 
sufficit idcirco inter prepositum balliuos et consules eiusdem bufgi ex 
vna et me prefatum Johannem partibus ex altera . . . firmiter est con- 
sensum . . . quod tam tenementum et annui redditus predicti in vnam 
redigantur capellaniam vnde ipsa in vnam capellaniam perpetuam mutuo 
consensu vniuimus . . . iure vero patronatus eiusdem capellanie michi 
prefato Johanni pro toto tempore vite mee et post obitum meum preposito 
et consulibus dicti burgi qui pro tempore fuerint perpetuis futuris temporibus 
remanente volumus etiam . . . quod capellanus qui ad dictam capellaniam 
capellaniam fuerit presentatus habeat continue residere et in matutinis in 
missa et vesperis cum nota in choro supradicte ecclesie cotidie cum 
dispositus fuerit interesse ac ad dictum altare pro animabus fundatorum 
celebrare teneatur . . . et insuper volumus quod dicta capellania sit cum 
quocumque alio beneficio ecclesiastico . . . incompatabilis . . . Apud 
burgum predictum. 

Copiata et examinata per me Andream Ettale notarium publicum. 

Andreas Ettalb. 

Abstract of II. 

John Levyngstoune, vicar of Inverugy, grants to the Altar of S. Peter in the 
Church of S. Nicholas his tenement on the N. of the Castigate, between John 
Davisone's land on the E. and Patrick Badenauch's on the W. ; to be held of the 
king in alms ; rendering burgage service, and paying to the Altar of S. Katherine 
20X., and to Alexander Kintor 13X. ^dr. such tenement to be united in one 

chaplaincy with the said altar's annual rents, amounting to 5 merks 4f. 4^/., viz. : % 

13X. 4^/. from Mr. John Cadyow's land on the N. of the Upperkirkgate, between 
Adam de Crafurde's on the E. and John de Scrogis' son's on the W. ; 36^. &/. 
from John de Scrpgis' land on the S. of the Castlegate, between John de Mar's on 
the E. and John Robertson of Tulligreige's on the W.; 20s. from Thomas 
Rollande's heirs' land on the E. of the Gallowgate, between late Thogaas de 



3l6 APPENDICES. 

Crondane's heirs' on the N. and Richard Kintor's on the S. ; 61. from John 
Stevinsone's land in the Newraw of the Gallowgate, between Andrew Baxter's 
on the S. and John Quhyt's on the N. ; and S'* ^^i a croft and toft in the 
constabulary of Durris : patronage of chaplaincy to be retained by granter, and 
after his death to go to Provost and Council; chaplain to be constantly in 
residence, to be present daily at matins and vespers, to celebrate at the said 
altar for the souls of the founders, and to hold no other benefice. At Aber- 
deen. [Undated.] 

Copy certified by .Andrew Ettale, notary. 

III. (Vol. L p. a82.) 

Ingeramus . . . episcopus Abirdonensis . . . Johanni de Pettynwyme vicario de 
Durris Morauiensis diocesis . • • quia capellaniam perpetuam altaris sancte 
Anne sttuatam infra ecclesiam parochialem beatj Nicholaj de Abirden . . 
vacantem per promotionem . . . Johannis Smaly ad perpetuam vicariam de 
Kencoldroun Brechinensis diocesis ad presentationem . . . Jacobi domini 
de Forbess . . . spectantem . . . domino lliome Dauidis caq)el]ano . . 
ad eandem capellaniam . . . presentato . . . contulimus . . . vobis . . 
mandamus quatenus prefatum dominum Thomam . . . ad . . . possessionem 
eiusdem capellanie . . . instituatis . . . Apud Abirden ij die mensis Junij 
anno Domini m.cccclviii. 

Abstract of IIL 

Ingeram, Bishop of Aberdeen, enjoins John of Pettynwyme, Vicar of Durris, 
to admit Sir Thomas Davidson, on the presentation of James, Lord Forbes, to 
the chaplaincy of the Altar of S. Anne, vacant by the promotion of John Smaly 
to the Vicarage of Kencoldroun. At Aberdeen, and June, 1458. 

IV. (Vol. i. p. 322.) 

Johannes Andirsone filius et heres quondam Johannis Andirsone buigensis borgi 
de Aberden etemam in domino salutem Noueritis me . . . vendidisse . . . 
curato et capellanis collegij ecclesie parochialis beati Nicholai de Aberdene 
vnum annuum redditum xxij. solidorum . . . de tota et intent terra mea 
iacente infra dictum burgum in le Chakarraw inter terram altaris sancti 
Sebastian! ex orientali ex vna et terram quondam Gilberti Morison ex 
occidental! partibus ex altera et communem viam r^;iam versus boriam et 
teiram Gilberti Vaus de Many versus austrum . . . Tenendum ... in 
puram et perpetuam elemosynam . . . celebrantes inde annuatim qualibet 



REGISTRUM EPISCOPATUS ABERDONBNSIS. 317 

feria secunda cuiuslibet ebdomate perpetuis temporibus futuris predict! 
capellani ac sui successores ad altare beati Andree apostoli infra eoclesiam 
parochialem antedictam situatum vnam missam de requie cum psalmo de 
proftindis ad primum lauacrum pro anima quondam Johannis comitis de 
Mar et Garioch et post decessum magistri Symonis Doddis rectoris de 
Innemothy pro animabus dictorum rectoris ac comitis parentum benefactorum 
suoram ac omnium fidelium defunctorum ac celebrantes missam de 
requie cum nota in proxima dominica post dicti rectoris obitum annuatim 
. . . Apud Aberden penultimo die mensis Marcij a.d. m.ccccxc Coram 
hijs testibus Johannis Litstar * Matheo Nicholson dominis ac presbiteris * 
Roberto Buchan * Rycardo Hyle * Gilberto Mowrison - Thoma Name * 
Willelmo Gibson burgensibus * Philippo Dunbrek seriando * et domino 
Johanne Streueljrng notario publico. 

Abstract of IV, 

John Anderson, son of late John Anderson, burgess, sells to curate and 
chaplains of Church of S. Nicholas an annual rent of 22s. from his land in the 
Chakarraw, between the land of the Altar of S. Sebastian on the E., the late 
Gilbert Morison's on the W., Gilbert Vaus of Many's on the S., and the king's 
highway on the N.; to be held in alms ; celebrating therefor every Monday at 
the Altar of S. Andrew a requiem mass, with a psalm de profundis for the soul 
of the late John, Earl of Mar and Garioch, and, alter the death of Mr. Symon 
Doddis, Parson of Innemothy, for his soul as well, and a requiem mass cum nota 
yearly, on the Sunday after Mr. Symon's death. At Aberdeen, 30th March, 
1490. Witnesses: Sirs John Litstar and Mathew Nicholson, pnests; Robert 
Buchan, Richard Hyle, Gilbert Mowrison, Thomas Name, William Gibsone, 
burgesses ; Philip Dunbrek, sergeant ; and Sir John Strevelyng, notary. 

V. (VoLi. p. 324-)' 

Andreas Liell thesaurarius Aberdonensis salutem . . . Noueritis me . . . pro 
salute animanim excellentissimi et serenissimi principis Jacobi quondam 
secundi Dei gratia regis Scotorum illustrissimi et Marie consortis sue 
r^ne Scotie et prosperitate metuendissimi domini nostri regis modemi 
Jacobi quart! regis Scotorum . . . dedisse . . . capellanis in choro 
ecclesie cathedralis Aberdonensis . . . annuam pensionem quinque librarum 
. . . de firmis et redditibus burgalibus burgi de Aberdene siue de firmis 

* See King James IV. *8 Charter of Confirmation, dated loth May, 1491. Reg, Mag, Sig,, 
lib. xii. No. 279 (Print, u. p. 437, where " Liell ** it mttprinted " Bell*'). 



M 



3l8 APPENDICES. 

«l radditibus piietricnioi et aqaaniin duadem qoas quoadam FMricius 
Bcfday de Grantuly poaiidebftt et mkhi hereditarie vcndidit et alienauit 
d vnum annuiun redditum xz. aolidonim • . . de qnadam crofta iacente in 
)e gren end michi alias vendiu per Alexandnun Mar buigemem de Aberdene 
ac etiara treadecin toUdos et quatuor denahoa . . • de finna medij rethis 
piicationis mee de le fuyidia aque de Dee . . • Necnon capdlanis ch<Ni 
ecclesie coUegiale bead NichoUu de Aberdene . . . totam piacadonem 
meam dicti dimedij rethis mei excepds dicds tresdedm soUdis et quatuor 
denarijs • • • ac etiam annuoa ledditus quadiaginta sex solidonim et octo 
denarionim in dictobuigodeAbeideneet extra michi debitoa . . . Tenendas 
... in puram et perpetuam elemosinam . , . Tenebuntur tamen died 
capellani huiusmodi catbedralis ecdesie et sui successores qui pro tempore 
fuerint coddie celebrare singulis ebdomidis per se vd per alios ad altare 
beati virginis Marie per me fundatum et creatum in dicta ecclesia omnibus 
diebus dominicis et lune per annum missam de trinitate diebus Martis et 
Mercurij de sancto spiritu die Jouis de requie die Veneris salus populi et die 
saboti de gloriosa virgine Maria in bora vndecima ante meridiem et semper 
post leuationem corporis Christi in choro ad summum altare eiusdem Nee- 
non pari modo capellani et sui successores dicte ecclesie collegiate burgi 
antedicti de Aberdene celebrabunt et celebrare facient missas prenominatas 
in magno altari coram sancto Nycholao eiusdem ecclesie patrono coddie in 
yemali tempore hora sexta in aurora et in estate bora quinta cum alijs depre- 
cationibus pro animabus supradictis cum etiam consuetis oradonibus pro 
benefactoribus in vita et in morte pro illis in purgatorio remanendbus 
orationum suffragia et misericordiam Dei expectandbus . . . Apud Edin- 
buighe ix. Maij a.d. M.ccccxa. Coram hijs tesdbus Johanne Reid alias 
StoborectoredeKyrkcrift * Johanne Quhyt * Henrico Thomson - Johanne 
Mudy ' et Johanne Hommyl * cum diuersis alijs. 

Abstract of V. 

Andrew Liell, treasurer of Aberdeen, for the souls of King James II. and his 
Queen Mary, and for the wel£ure of King James IV., grants to the chaplains of 
the Cathedral Church of Aberdeen £$ yearly from the butghal or fishing fermes 
of the burgh, sold to him by the late Patrick Berclay of Grantuly : 20s, from a 
croft lying in the Green End, sold to him by Alexander Mar, buigess; 155. 4^/. 
from the ferme of the Fuirdis half-net fishing in the Dee And to the chaplains 
of the choir of the Church of S. Nicholas the balance of the ferme of the said 
half-net, and annual rents amounting to 46/. 8^. ; To be held in alms : Celebradng 
for the souls aforesaid, etc, the chaplains of the Cathedntt at the Altar of the 



REGISTRUM EPISCOPATUS ABERDONENSIS. 319 

Blessed Virgin, at 11 a.m., and the chaplains of the choir at the great altar before 
S. Nicholas, at 6 a.m. in winter and 5 a.m. in summeri masses as follows : On 
Sundays and Mondays, ie Trinitate; on Tuesdays and Wednesdays, tU Sancto 
Sfiriiu; on Thursdays, dc reguie; on Fridays, solus popuii; on Saturdays, de 
gloriosa virgine Maria} At Edinburgh, 9th May, 1491. Witnesses: John Reid, 
aiias Stobo, Parson of Kyrkcrist; John Quhyt, Henry Thomson, John Mudy, 
John Hommyl. 

VI. (Vol. i. p. 352.) 

CoUation of Alexander Gordon to the vicarage of the Church of S. Nicholas, 
vacant by the resignation of Patrick Gordon of Methlik, procurator for 
Andrew Balfour, last vicar. Edinburgh, 31st December, 1507. 

VII. (Vol. ii. p. 280.) 

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filijs ad quos presentes litere peruenerint 
Walterus dictus de Malewyle burgensis de Aberden salutem in domino 
sempttemam Nouerit vniuersitas vestra me de consensu et assensu 
Sybille sponse mee caritatis intuitu et pro salute anime mee et dicte 
Sybille sponse mee . . . ministro et fratribus ordinis domus sancte trini- 
tatis et captiuorum de Aberden omnes et singulas terras cum earum 
-redditibus quas emi de Martino Aurifabro de Aberden tam infra villam 
de Aberden quam extra . . . prout in carta dicti Martini Aurifabri 
mihi super dictis terns confecta et predictis ministro et fratribus per me 
deliberata plenius continetur Dedi etiam et concessi fratribus memoratis 
et eorum successoribus annualem redditum duorum solidorum argenti per- 
cipiendorum de ilia terra iacente in vico de Fotyn quam Mariota sponsa 
quondam Willelmi Pistons tunc tenuit Ita tamen quod minister et 
fratres predicti . . . inuenient vnum capellanum ydoneum et honestum 
secularem perpetuo celebrantem in ecclesia sancti Nicholai de Aberden ad 
magnum altare et soluent singulis annis luminaribus sancte Marie et sancte 
crucis in dicta ecclesia dimidiam marcam sterlingorum . . . de redditibus 
dictarum terrarum ... In cuius rei testimonium sigillum meum vna cum 
sigillo dicte Sybille sponse mee et cum sigillo officialitatis Aberdonensis 
et sigillo thesaurarij ecclesie cathedralis Aberdonensis et sigillo domini 
Johannis de Anand perpetui vicarij de Obyn quondam capellani domini 
regis presentibus est appensum Testibus Matheo Gretheuith* * Reginaldo 
de Malewyl fratre predicti Walteri * Malcolmo de Polgoueny*et muftis alijs. 

^ Sc€ Appendix IV. 

' Probably a mistake for Matthew Greathead or Grossetechte, Alderman of Aberdeen in 
1 28 1 . See Rtg. Bp, A herd,, ii. 279, and Cruickshank*8 A rmorin I Bu signs of A htrdetn , pp. 54, 55 . 
* Aldeniian of Aberiicn in 1285. 



320 APPENDICES. 

Abstraei of VI L 

Walter de Malewyle, burgess, with consent of Sybil, his spouse, for the 
wel&re of their souls, grants to the minister and brethren of the Order of the 
Holy Trinity and Captives of Aberdeen, the lands, with their rents, which he 
bought from Martin Goldsmith, and an annual rent of ^s, silver from land in 
the village of Fotyn, held by Mariota, spouse of late William Baker : the said 
minister and brethren to maintain a chaplain to serve at the High Altar in the 
Church of S. Nicholas, and to pay yearly half a roerk sterling towards lights for 
the Altars of the Blessed Virgin and the Holy Cross. Signed by the granter, 
his spouse, the Official and Treasurer, and John de Anand, Vicar of Obyn. 
Witnesses : Mathew Gretheuith, Reginald de Malewyl, Malcolm de Polgooeny, 
etc [Undated.] 

VIII. (VoL u. p. S97.) 

Omnibus hanc cartam visuris . . . Patricius I^^eslie senior burgensis buigi de 
Abirdene salutem . . . Noueritis me . . . pro salute anime mee ac 
charissime coniugis mee Elizabeth Crawfiird . . . dedisse . . . altah 
dominonim Trium Regum infra ecdesiam beati ' Nicholai de Aberdene 
situato ac magistro Gauino Leslie capellano dicti altarts et post eum 
capellano ydoneo perpetuo celebraturo omnes et singulas terras tenementa 
et annuos redditus subscriptos videlicet totam et integram terram meam 
anteriorem et interiorem cum suis pertinencijs iacentem infra burgum de 
Abirdene in vico furcarum ex occidental parte eiusdem vici inter terras 
Roberti Craig et Willelmi King ex boreali et terram quondam Joannis 
Singular ex australi ex vna et communes vias regias versus oriens et occidens 
partibus ab altera et totam et integram meam terram anteriorem et 
interiorem cum suis pertinencijs iacentem infra dictum burgum in vico 
furcarum ex occidentali parte eiusdem vici inter terram Jonete Sanchar ex 
boreali et tenam quondam Megate Quhyite ex australi ab vna et communes 
vias regias versus oriens et occidens partibus ab altera totas et integras 
terras meas tenementa et annuos redditus subscriptos iacentes in burgo de 
Innerurie videlicet vnum tenementum et tres rudas terrarum cum pertinen- 
tijs iacentes ex occidentali parte eiusdem burgi inter terram Valteri Bad- 
zenocht senioris ex bortali ex vna et terram Andree Andirsone ex australi 
et aliud tenementum meum et tres rudas ac dimidietatem rude cum perti- 
nentijs iacentes ex orientali parte dicti burgi inter terram Willelmi Leslie ex 
boriali ex vna et terram Joannis Forsyith ex australi partibus ab altera 
vnum annuum redditum decem solidorum de sex rudis terre Willelmi 
Blackball iacentibus in dicto burgo ex occidentali parte eiusdem ville inter 



REGISTRUM EPISCOPATUS ABERDONENSIS. 321 

tenaiD dicti Willelmi Blackball ex australi et terrain Roberti Andersone ex 
boriali et He Dawaukland versus occidens et viam regiam versus oriens 
et vnum alium annuum redditum quinque solidorum de tribus rudis terre 
Roberti Andersone senioris iacentibus in dicta villa ex orientali parte 
eiusdem inter terram Joannis Huchesoune ex parte boreali et terram 
Agnetis Badzenocht ex parte austrsdi et aquam de Owrye versus oriens et 
communem viam regiam versus occidens * et vnum annuum redditum sex 
solidorum octo denariorum de tribus rudis terre. . . . 

Abstract of VIII. 

Patrick Leslie, elder, burgess, for the souls of himself and his spouse, 
Elizabeth Crawford, grants to the Altar of the Three Kings within the Chiurch 
of S. Nicholas, and to Mr. Gavin Leslie, chaplain thereof, and his successors, a 
Umd on the W. of the Gallowgate, between Robert Craig's and William King's 
on the N., the late John Sinclair's on the S., and the King's highways on the £. 
and W. ; a land on the W. of the Gallowgate, between Jonet Sanchar's on the 
N., the late Megat Quhyite's on the S., and the King's highways on the £. and 
W. ; a tenement and three roods of land to the W. of the burgh of Inverury, 
between Walter Badzenocht, elder's, land on the N., and Andrew Anderson's on 
the S. ; another tenement and 3^ roods to the £. of the said burgh, between Walter 
Leslie's land on the N., and John Forsyith's on the S. ; an annual rent of loj. 
from William Blackhall's, six roods to the W. of the said buigh, between William 
Blackhall's land on the S., Robert Andersone's on the N., the Dawaukland on the 
W., and the King's highway on the E. ; another annual rent of 5J. from Robert 
Anderson, elder's, three roods to the E. of the said burgh, between John Hutche- 
soune's land on the N., Agnes Badzenocht's on the S., the river Owrye on the E., 
and the King's highway on the W. ; another annual rent of 61. [Incomplete.]^ 

IX. (Vol. ii. p. 30a.) 

Vniuersis pateat per presentes nos curatum et capellanos collegij ecclesie 
parochialis beati Nycholki de Aberden teneri et fideliter obligari . . . 
venerabili viro magistro Symoni Dodes rectori de Innemothy ac canonico 

^ Among the papers prepared by the old Spalding Clnb for the projected edition of the 
Chartnlary ia a transcript of a Presentation to the Chaplaincy at the Altar of the Three Kings 
by John Leslie of Balqnhane, undoubted patron thereof, in favour of Mr. Andrew Leslie, 
Canon of Aberdeen and Prebendary of Ellon, to take effect when the present Chaplain, Mr. 
John Nicolsone, shall die or demit office. The Presentation is dated 27th July, 1559. The 
source whence the transcript is taken is not indicated. 

SS 



322 APPENDICES. 

Aberdonensi perpetuis temporibus luturis ad cdebiandiim qualibel seciinda 
seria ad altare sancti Andree apostoli infra dictam ecdesiam situatum Tnam 
missam de requie cum coUecta pro anima quondam bone memorie 
Johannis comitis de Mar quamdiu dictus canonicus vixerit et post eius 
decessum pro animabus ipsonun ac omnium fidelium defunctorum cum 
psalmo de profundis ad primum lauacrum cuiuslibet misse ac ad cdebran- 
dum et cantandum post obitum suum annuatim in dominica proxima 
sequente vnam missam de nota pro animabus antedictis pro quodam annuo 
redditu nobis per prefatum rectorem concesso imperpetuum In cuius rei 
testimonium banc cedulam manibus nostris subscripsimus apud Aberden 
xxiij. die mensis Marcij anno Domini M.ccca octuagesimo nono. 
Dominus I>auid Waus cuiatusde Aberden manu propria * dominus Johannes 
Stradachyn manu propria * dominus Alexander Gray manu propria * 
dominus Matheus Nicholay manu propria * dominus Thomas Herwy 
manu propria * Robertus Leis manu propria * Et ego magister Alexander 
Fyff manu propria * Et ego Johannes Streuelyng manu propria * £t ego 
Duncanus Nathy manu propria * Et ego Alexander Club manu propria ' 
Ego Thomas Stanne manu propria * Ego Wiilelmus Crukschank manu 
propria ' Ego Alexander Byssot manu propria . Ego Andreas Thome 
manu propria * Ego Andreas Gray manu propria * Ego Johannes Prat 
manu propria * Ego Wiilelmus Moryson manu propria * Ego Johannes 
Lytstar manu propria * Ego Andreas Chawmer manu propria . Ego 
Ingeramus manu propria* 

Abstract of IX. 

The curate and chaplains of the Church of S. Nicholas bind themselves to 
celebrate every Monday, at the Altar of S. Andrew, a requiem mass with collect 
for the soul of the late John, Earl of Mar, and, after the death of Mr. Symon 
Dodes, for his also, with a psalm de profundis^ and a mass de nota^ on the 
Sunday after the latter's death yearly. Subscribed at Aberdeen, a3rd March, 
14^, by Sir David Waus, curate ; Sir John Stradachyn, Sir Alexander Gray, Sir 
Mathew Nicholson, Sir Thomas Hervy, Robert Leis, Mr. Alexander Fyfl^ John 
Strevelyng, Duncan Nathy, Alexander Club, Thomas Stanne, William Cruk- 
schank, Alexander Byssot, Andrew Thomson, Andrew Gray, John Prat, William 
Moryson, John Lytstar, Andrew Chawmer ; Ingeram.' 



' C/. the list supra^ p. 229. 



APPENDIX II. 

EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL, 1407-1614. 

" Die lune proxiino post dominicam qua cantssitiir qmui medo gemti^ 1407. 

*' Quo die Adam filius Thome tutor et custos altarts beati Johannis baptiste 
situati in ecdesia beati Nicolaij de Abirdene protestabatur pro quodam annuo 
reddittt xiiir. dicto altari debito et a longis temporibus non soluto de quadam 
tena jacente in vico qui dicitur ly Nethirkirkgate ex austiali parte eiusdem inter 
terram nunc Willelmi Blakbum ex parte onentali et terram quondam Christofori 
Haket ex parte occidentali ad quam terram Teniens nichil reperiebat distringibile 
pro dicto annuo redditu preter terram et lapides quos presentauit in curia coram 
balliuis tanquam primo die huius proces8Us."--^ai. \, 278. 

Abstract. , 

Second Monday a^r Eadt€a',Ji407. • 

Action by Adam Thomson, tutor ahd guardian of Altar of S. John Baptist, 
for annual rent of 13X. from land to S. of Netherkirkgate, between William 
Blackburn's on E., and late Christopher Haket's on W.] said land having 
nothing poindable save earth and stones exhibited 

^' Die lune proximo post Sanctam Epiphaniam, 1410. 

'^Eodem die accedentes ad barram Alexander Scherar capellanus altaris 
beate marie situati in ecclesia parochiali beati Nicholaij de Aberdene et Johannes 
filius Aiani tutor altaris sancte crucis situati in dicta ecclesia protestauerunt pro 
vno annuo redditu quinque solidorum debito dicto altari beate Marie et pro 
annuo redditu quinque solidorum debito dicto altari sancte crucis annuatim de 
quadam terra jacente infra dictum burgum in vico castri in fossa 
castri inter terram heredum Johanis corbrand ex parte australi et terram quam 
quondam Isabella couper ex parte boreali Ad quam terram 
venientes nichil reperiebant distringibile dictis annuis redditibus preter terram 
et lapides quos presentauerunt in curia coram Balliuis tanquam secundo die 
huius processus Testibus Andre Scot et willelmo Spaldyng." — II. 69. 



324 APPENDICES. 

Abstnut. 

Monday after 6th January, 14 it. 

Action by Alexander Scherar, chaplain of Altar of S. Mary, and John 
Aianson, tutor of Altar of Holy Cross, for annual rents of 5^., and 5/. due to 
these Altars from land in Castigate, between John Corbrand's heirs' land on S., 
and common land of on N. Witnesses : Andrew Scot, William Spaldyng. 

nth January, 1433. 

"Item eodem die dominus Wellelmus Rouss procurator eC capellanus 
altaris beati laurencti in ecdesia parochiali burgi de Aberdene acoedens ad 
barram petiit tres processus trium curiarum capitalium per communem dericum 
perlegi quibus alta et intelligibile voce periectis petiit a baOiuis iuris et iustide 
complementum et iudicium dari fecerit quod herede debet proprietatem et 
possessionem vnius terre vaste Jacentis in vico botharis dicti buigi inter tenam 
Roberti williameson ex parte australi et communem venellam qua itur a tico 
furcarum dicti butgi versus inferiorem vicum ecclesie ex parte boreali in defectu 
solutionis duarum mercanim annui redditus predicto altari debiti et a longo 
tempore non soluti Deinde curia consulta et matuni aduisata datum fiiit pro 
iudicio per os Willelmi quhitehede indicatoris curie hora diet legitime exspectata 
quod dictus dominus Willelmus tamquam procurator legitimus predict! altaris 
recuperauit possessionem et proprietatem predicte terram cum pertinenciis in 
defectu solutionis annui redditus antedicti/' — IV. 2. 

Abstract, 

Action by Sir William Rouss, procurator and chaplain of Altar of S. 
Laurence, for recovery of a waste land in the Buthnw, between Robert 
Williamson's land on S. and common wynd from Gallowgate to Netherkirkgate 
on N., in default of payment of an annual rent of two merks. William 
Quhitehede, crier of court 

nth January, 143 J. 

Action by Sir William de Leith, chaplain and procurator of Altar of S. 
James, Apostle, for annual rent of 40J. from land on S. of Castlegate, between 
Gilbert Meignez* on E. and late Robert Jhoneson's on W. Witnesses : William 
Scherar, Duncan Patrikson, and William Atkynson, bedel of the burgh. — IV. i.* 

» C/. V». 45. 161, 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 335 

9th January, 1435. 

Action by Sir William de Leith, chaplain and procurator of Altar of Holy 
Cioss, for annual rent of 32^. from land in Netherkirkgate, between Nicky 
Tempilman's on £. and Thomas Walkar's on W. Witnesses : William Fichet, 
Robert Gillespy, and Malcolm Dakir, bedel. — IV. 56.^ 

Accounts rendered 1437. 
*^IUm^ xxvjj. viij^. pro sufflatione organorum." — IV. 118. 

6th October, 1438. 

Action by Sir William Davidson, chaplain and procurator of Altar of S. 
Midiael, Archangel, for annual rent of 20s, from land on S« of Castlegate, 
between William Atkynson's on W. and late Henry Hervy's on E. — IV. i38." 

6th October, 1438. 

Action by Sir John de Crag, chaplain and procurator of Altar of S. John 
Baptist, for annual rent of i6f. from land in Netherkirkgate, between Thomas de 
Both's on £. and John de Loudon's on W. Witnesses : John Gray, James de 
Balrony, and Andrew Davidson, bedel. — IV. 138.' 

12th January, 143'. 

Gilbert de Sanchar de Murcroft compears and offers to repair the tenement 
formerly the late Gilbert de Kyngudy's, and to bind his lands of Murcroft to pay 
yearly to Altar of S. James two marks during his own life and his next heir's, and 
thereafter 40J. for ever ; or alternatively to hand over said tenement to provost 
and baillies on payment of his outlays thereon ; within next fifteen days. — 
IV. 153.- 

nth January, 14^. 

Action by Sir John Smalee, chaplain and procurator of Altar of Holy Cross, 
for annual rent of ax. from waste land in the village of Futy, between John 
Nicholson's on W., late Philip Anderson's widow's on £., and king's highway 
on S, Witnesses: John de Grahame, Thomas Gibson, and Malcolm Dacre, 
sergeant. — IV. 189. 

6th October, 1441. 
*' Alsua John of Marr and And. Ayncroft arr ordanit keparis and gaderaris 
of the piofite that may cum of the Schippes that cummys to the toune, that is to 
say the fia^^t of sdc and tun to the kirkwerk.'' — ^V. 647. 

> C/. IV. 63, 131, 15a. ■ C/. IV. x^a ; V». a^a. » C/. IV. i^a. 178. * C/. V». 199, 



336 APPENDICES. 

6th January, 144^ 

Action by Stephen de Bahony, and Sir Andrew Serass, chaplain and pro- 
catator of Altar of Blessed Vii^n, for annual rent of is. from land in die Green 
between Duncan Young's on S., and late Robert Gillespy, dder's heirs', on N. 
Witnesses : William Fidiet* Thomas Androion, and Robert Baroone, serjeant — 
IV. 291. 

a9th April, 1443. 

Actions by said Stephen and Sir Andrew, for above annual rent and others 
of vx. from land on £. of church of S. Nicholas between William Scherar's 
land on N., and Thomas Wod's on S. ; and of $s. from land in Shiprow between 
Thomas Blyndsele's on S., and Robert Sprint's on N. Witnesses: John Cassy, 
David Symoon, and Patrick Pyot, seigeant — IV. 310.' 

Sth October, 1444. 

Action by Sir Robert Roulle, chaplain and procurator of Altar of SS. 
Laurence and Ninian, founded by late William Meldrum, laird of Auchneve, for 
annual rent of 6s. Sd. from land in the Green, between William Coutts* on N. 
and wynd along Carmelites* walls on S. Witnesses : Duncan Kynedy, Walter 
Muryson, and John Spens, sergeant. — IV. 359." 

5th April, 1445. 

Action by Sir Andrew Seras, chaplain and procurator of Altar of Blessed 
Virgin for annual rent of ly. 4^/. from land in 'My cukstul pule**. Witnesses: 
Thomas de Murefe, William Lammyntoun, and John Tulide^ sergeant.— 
IV. 396.* 

aSth July, 1445. 

" It is to be rememberit that on the fewy and twenty day of Julii, the zer 
of our lord j*" \y^ xlv zeris, Andree of cwlane, burgess of Aberdene, gefi* certain 
anuallis til the kyrk of Aberdene tyll ane altar to be mad in the north yill of our 
lady of pyte. In the first ane annuall of xxr. lyand in the hede raw the quiHc 
William of retra has in fee. Alswa in that ilke raw ane annuall of xijx. of that 
land that Andrew henrisons ayris aw. Alswa in the galwgat on the est sid of the 
land of Patrick lang xx. Alswa in that ilke gat and on that ilke sid of the land 
that adam more dwelt in xx. Alswa in that ilke gat and on the west side of that 
land that thom lyp has in fee vijx. and vyi, the quilk forsaith anwallis the said 
Andrew of Cwlane upgeff in the handis of John Kynidy dian ane of the bailies 

» C/, IV. 396. » C/. V». i6i. » C/. V>. an. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 3^7 

of the said burch of Aberdene in presence of John the Wauss than Alderman 
thorn blindzell John of Scrogis and duncan of clat in that tym alswa bailies and 
all ther forsaid anwallis ar grund annwallis of the fomemyt landis." — IV. 411. 

loth January, 144I. 

Action by Mr. John Smalee, chaplain and procurator of Altar of Holy 
Cross, for annual rent of 2s. from land on N. of Castlegate, between John Imlach's 
on £., and Robert Mason's on W. Witnesses : Thomas Gibson, William 
Lammyngtoun, and John Spens, sergeant — IV. 424. 

6th October, 1447. 

" /fern, the samyn dai the said counsaile has consentit and concludit that 
alsweil the feit chaplaynis and the feft chapla3mis sal be Rewlit and govemyt and 
tiespassouris correct be the sight of the alderman and counsale forsaid or ell 
the agaynstandaris of this statute sal noght be maynetnyt be the maisteres." — 
V*. 721. 

loth October, 1449. 

"The quhilk day it wes ordanit be hal consale with the consent of the 
merchandis of the burgh that ilke merchande man that sendis gud to bruges sal 
gif in the honor of god and Sanctt Nicolace, our patron, that is to say, iiij. gret of 
ilke sek of woU and iiij. gret of the clath of skynnis and i gret of ilke barrell and 
a gret of ilke dacre of hidis, and this to be disponit vpon the reparatione of the 
parise kirk of Sanct Nicolace. And of ilk barrell that passis out of this burgh to 
the firth or yet ony othir place id, of the barrell to be disponit as is forsaid. 
And this wes gravntit with ane assent, And to be put vnder the Comone Sele 
and for iiij. yher til endur quhil thai be better avisit"— V*. 743. 

2oth October, 1449. 

" The quhilk day the aldermane and balzeis, with the consent of the Consale 
and diuersis of the gilde, riply avisit has gravntit the next pariss clerkschipe that 
vakis in this burgh to WiUiam forstar, and na nother quhile he be promovit 
thar to."— V*. 64. 

2nd November, 1450. 

" The secunde dai of Nouember the yher forsaid Duncane of Clat, dene of 
gilde, presente in the Courte the Eucariste of siluer quhilk theman goldsmyth 
had in making To the making of the quhilk Eucariste the forsaid Duncane 
deliuerit iiij'^ij. vnce of siluer, and he paiit in parte of the makyng iiij/A And 
he hes ressauit agayne in Werk liiij. vnce, the quhilk he present in the courte. 



328 APPENDICES. 

And swft renumys in themanis handis xxix. vnce, for the quhilk maister Jdu of 
Cadioo is becummyn and becummys dettCNir be this Writ writtin iHth his 
propce hand'' — ^V*. 758. 

9 and May, 1453. 

" It is gnmtyt be the Alderman and the mast part of the conunone coosaile 
til Sir henry Hervy for his seruice in the kirke til his fee twenty markis of the 
vsuale monee of Scotlande, and gif the alderman and the consaile may get ony 
seruice till him in the meyne tyme that sal be allowit to the said Sir Henry in 
the forsaide twenty merkis» and the saide Sir Heniy is oUist to rendun for the 
saide fee with us yerely, hot gif it happin him to be bunfiiste in ony vthir place 
we oblist to pay him that fee yerly quhil he be bunfuste as said is." — ^V*. 778. 

5th October, 1453. 

" Item^ it was avisit, statute, and ordanit be the said counsaile for the 
Upholding and Eikyng of goddis seruice to be done in the paroche kirk of 
this burgh that al and sundri chaplanyis the quhilkis has felt altaris or that ar 
feit be worthi men of the toune sal cum daili and do divyne seruice, that is to 
say, matynys, hiemess, and evensang And give ony of thaim absentis him fra 
three of the said howris continuali thai salbe exdudit and expellit that thai sal 
noght syng mess within the said kirk for a yher, bot give thai haue suffident 
excusation quhilkis be sene Resonable to the Alderman and to the correctour of 
the queir And the feft chaplanys that beis absent as said is sal tyne attour 
thair chaplaniis, and the alderman sal dispone tharapon be avise of the 
commoune counsale." — V*. 775. 

29th April, 1454. 

Action by Sir David Ruthirfurd, chaplain of Altar of S. Andrew, for annual 
rent of i^r. 44/. from land on N. of Netherkiikgate, between late Sir William 
Dauidson, chaplain's, on E. and John Mamoch's on W. Witnesses : John 
Castell, John Litstar lub, and John Spens, seijeant — ^V. 199.^ 

14th January, 145} 

Action by Andrew Culane for the Altar of the Holy Blood for annual rent 

of 30^. from land on S. of 'Netherkirkgate between John Crukschank's on W., 

and John Smith's on E. Witnesses : Robert Gillespy, Andrew Cumyn, and John 

Spenser, sergeant. — V^. aas. 

5th April, 1456. 

Action by Sir Andrew Serass, procurator of Altar of Blessed Virgin, for (i) 

> C/. V». an. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 329 

an annual rent of 30^/. out of a land on W. of Gallowgate between late John 
Kynor's on N,, and John Gillispi's on S. ; (2) an annual rent of 6s. Sd. out of a 
land on W. of Upperkirkgate between William Moir's on E., and Eduard 
Tulach's on W. Witnesses : Andrew May, John Castale, and Alexander Ander-. 
son, sergeant. — ^V*. 265. 

14th November, 1457. 

Mr. John de Clat, canon of Aberdeen, compears and assigns to the provost, 
baillies, and councillors, the reversion, after his own death, of the patronage of 
the chaplaincy founded by him at Altar of S. Michael, Archangel — such reversion 
having previously belonged to his cousin, Duncan de Clat, recently deceased ; 
the office to be filled up within 30 days after a vacancy occurs. The said Mr. 
John gives symbolical delivery to John de Fife, provost, and constitutes Mr. 
Martin Vaus, canon, his procurator, to accompany said provost to said Altar, and 
there to give him possession in due form. — V*. 312. 

9th October, 1458. 

**Iiem, the samyn dai the alderman and a grete part of the ^Id avisitly 
considering the gude obseruance and seruice that the vicar and chaplanys 
vphaldis and dois in the kirk and in hope of gude continuation has grantit to 
the said vicar and chaplanys that continowis divyne seruice that thai sail haue 
thair lairis quhen thai discess free in quhat place of the kirk it plesis thaim to ly 
of thair deuoation." 

** Ifemj it grantit give ony chaplancie or seruice perpetuale or temporale 
heyng at the presentation or disposition of the communitee of this burgh 
happynis to vake sic chaplancie or seruice sal be erast disponit and providit to 
the chaplanys that kan best and makis maste continuale seruice in the [said kirk] 
be avise and counsaile of the vicar and chaplanys forsaid." — V. 808. 

I St September, 1459. * 

Action by Sir Andrew Seras, chaplain of Altar of Blessed Virgin, for annual 
rent of 2J. from land " ly masyndow," in the Green, near the Cemetery, between 
John Howison's on S. Witnesses : James Crak, David Standynstains, and John 
Tulidef, sergeant. — V*. 375. 

5th October, 146 1. 

Action by Alexander de Camera and Sir Thomas Andree, chaplain of Altar 
of S. Katherine's, for annual rent of 6s. Sd. from land in Shiprow, between late 
Alexander Culpar's on S., and late Robert gillespy, elder's heirs', on N, 
Witnesses ; William Patree, John. . . . — V^ 431. 

TT 



i 



330 APPENDICES. 

loth January, 146^ 

Action by Richard Stephan, patron of Altar of S. Stq>hen, for annual rent 
of 6s. W. from. — VI . 465. 

13th September, 1466. 

''The alderman, with the consent and assent of the maste part of the 
counsale, has giffin and giauntyt to Sir thomas anderson, chaplane of sanctt 
ninyains altar, of the fefhnent of William of meldrum all and hale the lande with 
the pertinents of umquhil Sir Johne of kindelochis, vicar of kinemy, lyande at the 
scoule hill of the buigh of Aberden on the north syde of that ilke, betuix the 
scoule lande on the west syde and the lande of vmquhile Duncane of buchan on 
the est syde, for all the dayis of his lyve, be deande yerely ane obbyt of Sir 
Johne of kindelochis saule mess, and quhat that the saide Sir thomas findis 
that the saide lande is better yerely to pray for the saule of the said Sir Johne 
of kindeloch efter the content of his awin consciens : And the saide sir thomas 
sal vphalde suffyciandely the saide lande for his tyme, and this we haue giffin and 
grantyt to <he said Sir thomas for his tym as we that ar patronys of the saide 
lande with the pertinentis and may dispone that apon quhen euer it vaikis.''— 
V. 834. 

13th September, 1466. 

" Ifem^ the alderman, the bailzeis, and the haile consaill avysitly has giffin 
and granityt to Willame scherar and to mayster duncane scherar, his son, the 
patronage of saynt duthowys altar steddyt in the paroche kirk of saynt nicholace 
of this burgh, and failzeande of the forsaidis Willame and mayster duncane til 
Androw scherar and alexander scherar, his brothir, and to thair airis male, for the 
quhilkis thai ar oblist with the grace of god to feft the saide altar of ten markis 
of the vsuale payment of scotlande perpetualy in all possibill haste. And failzeande 
of the forsaide Willame, mayster duncane, Andrew, and alexander, and thair airis 
maile, the saide patronage to retour agayn to the gift of the alderman, bailzeis, 
and consale and communitie of the saide burgh, but ony questione or deman 
▼nde.**— V«. 834. 

5th October, 1472. 

Action by Sir Dauid Vaus, chaplain and procurator of Altar of S. Mary 
Magdalene, for annual rent of i is, Bd from late John Blindsel's land in the Green, 
between Thomas Kege's on S. and N., the common highway on K, and the mill 
lead of the lower mill on W. Witnesses : William Andree, Thomas Vaus, and 
Philip Dunbrek, sergeant. — VI. 199. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 33 1 

5th October, 1472. \ 

Action by Sir Edward Robertson, chaplain and procurator of Altar of S. 
Peter, for annual rent of los. from land in the Green between John Litstar's on 
the £. and the common highway on the S. Witnesses : Thomas Waus, Gilbert 
Morison, and Philip Dunbrek, sergeant. — VI. 199. 

8th January, 1473. 

The same day the Alderman and Consel has presentit and gravntit tir 
Schir Henry Hervy, chaplane of Sanct Michalis' Altar, for his gude service, and 
continuatione tharof to be done be him in tyme tocum in Sanct Nicholes' Kirk 
in diuine service that he sal hafe for all the daiis of his life yerlie of the common 
purs and of the common gude of the said burgh sex pundis threttene schillingis 
and foure pennys of vsuale payment of Scotland, togiddre with all proffitis and 
dewiteis pertening til the forsaid Altar of Sanct Michael. 

Ifemf Alexr. of Chavmer, than alderman, and the consel has ordanit and 
assignit at the request and instans of Sir Henry Hervy that his said pensionne 
of this toun salbe pait til him yerly of the Justice Myln. Acta xxviij. die 
Septembris, 1475. — ^VI". 217. 

8th January, 147'. 

Androu Scherar, Alderman of the burgh of Aberden in that tyme, with con- 
sent and assent of the hail common conseil being then present in the tolbuith, 
has gravntit and presentit to Schir Androu, the son of quhilum I'homas Androson, 
btirges of Aberdene, chaplain of the Rude altar in the parisch kirk of the said 
bufgh, that for his continuatione of diuine seruice to be done and made be him 
in tyme tocum in Sanct Nicholes' Kirk efter as the tyme askis at his gude 
diligence and power that the said Sir Androu sal haue yerlie for his fie ten 
metkis of the vsuale money of Scotland of the common gudis of the said burgh, 
togiddre with all annualis proffitis and dewiteis pertening to the fornemit Rude 
altar quhilk soumme and pencion of x. merkis yerlie, togiddre with the Rude 
altar, the forsaid Sir Andro sal hafe and joiss for all the tyme of his life he 
makand besy and gude service tharfor as forsaid is. — VI. 217. 

3rd November, 1474. 

It is appontit and fuUely accordit betuixt Dauid Menzes, elder, on the ta 
pfiut, and Sir Andro Wryt, maister of the kirk wark of Aberdene, on that vyther 
part, In maner and fourme as efter foUouis, that is to say that the said Dauid 
has sawlde to the said Sir Andro, in the name of Sanct Nicholace, thre futhir of 



J 



332 APPENDICES. 

lede like futhir contenand sex score of stanys to be deliuerit God willand gif 
wynde and wethir wil serve betuix this and pasch next to cum apon the key of 
Aberdene but ony exceptione cauiUacione fiaude or gile. For the quhOkis the 
said maister of Wark sal pay to the said Dauid or his deputis or iactoris de> 
liueraris of the said lede fourty-sex pundis and ten schillingis of vsuale money of 
Scotland for the hail thre futhiris at the said day of the deliuerence of the lede. 
And gif it sal happyn the said Dauid to failze in his defaute of the deliuerence 
of the said lede at day and place forsaid, as God forbede, than the said Dauid sal 
pay daly to the said maister of wark xij^. eftir the principale day of the 
deliuerence of the said lede be passit And in siclike wise gif the said maister 
of Wark failzeis in payment of the said souroe for the said lede be the said day 
of deliuerence or within viij. daies therefter at the ferrest than the said maister of 
wark sal pay to the said Dauid or his deputis deliueraris of the said lede xij^. 
daily til his expenses and n'bt to be allowit in the principale sotmime of the 
quhilk lede the said Dauid gravntit him content and pait of aucht pundis in 
part of payment of the said principale soumme. And these condidones lely to 
be kepit athir of the parties til vyther has gefin gude faith before these witnesses : 
Alexr. of Chavmer, alderman ; Alexr. Menzes, Richard of Kyntor, Dauid Colison, 
Dauid Symson, Gilbert of Chavmer, Richard Badenach, Edmund Lowson, and 
vthiris mony and diuers. — VI. 317. 

nth February, 1475. 

The forsaid day the alderman and the consel has set the sundais 6sch, the 
Watter met of salt and quhete, and the ton fracht as it fallis til Gilbert Morison 
for a yere next tocum. For the quhilk assedatione and tak of the saidis dewiteis 
pertenand to Sanct Nicholace Wark the forsaid gilbert has fundin Johne Wormet 
souertie to pay to the maister of the kirk wark of sanct Nicolace for the said yeris 
tak aucht merkis and fourty pennyis of vsuale money of Scotland. Notwith- 
standing the assedatione made til the said gilbert therupon of before fra the 
quhilk he grantit him to desist and gaf our the same to the alderman and consel 
for the augmentatione of the mare soumme to the kirk Wark to be pait be lammas 
next folowand. — VI. 341. 

and May, 1475. 

It was ordanit, endit and concludit be the alderman and certane persones of 
Counsel of the quhilkis the names efterw followis that the ofTerand and all vthiris 
ofTerantis tocum that fallis apon the Rude dayis salbe diuidit proportionaly and 
evinlie betuix the chaplane of the Rude altar and the chaplane of the Browne 
croice altar quhat evir thai be for the tyme and that nother of the chaplanis of the 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 333 

Rude altar or of the browne croice altar sal haue singlaure proffite til ony of thaim 
bot that all gudis that ar offerit in the tyme salbe diuidit evinUe and ry^wisly 
amang thaim thir ar the names of the consel that war present in the tym: 
Alexr. of Chavmer, alderman ; Matho Fichet, Johne of Mar, Andro Scherar, 
Richard of Kyntor, Patrik Badenach, Johne of Knollis, Johne the Vaus, Gilbert 
of Chavmer, Dauid Symson^ thre of the balzeis in the tyme, Adam of Crafurd, 
William Voket, Dauid Colison, Thom of Fiffe, Robert Blindsel, and of spirituale 
men, maister Andro Symson, vicar of Aberdene ; maister Johne Smalee, vicar of 
Kyngowdnim ; maister John Livingstoune, vicar of Inuerugy ; Sir Alexr. Voket, 
mabter William Voket, his brother ; Sir Dauid Vaus, curate of Aberdene the 
tyme ; Sir Thomas Dauidson, Sir Robert Leis, public notar, with vthiris sundrie. 
Apon the quhilk deliuerence and decrete Sir Andro, the son of quhilum Thomas 
Anderson, chaplain of the Rude altar, tuke in the tyme of the deliuerence fra Sir 
Robert Leis, public notar, ane Instrument in the vestry of the parish kirk of 
Aberdene before the personis forsaid or the maist part of thame and that this 
decrete and deliuerence sould not be reuokit nor gaincallit for the tyme of the 
saidis chaplainoz of Sir Alexr. Club, chaplain of the Browne croice altar, and of 
Sir Andro, chaplain of the Rude altar, nor efter thare tyme bot perpetualy til 
indure.^ — VI. 361. 

14th April, 1477. 

The same dai the Alderman proponit to the hale consale and communitie 
belanging the biging of the qveyr Schawand the thanks and kyndnes that my lord 
of Aberdene has profferit For the quhilkis the alderman, consale, and communitie 
forsaidis has grantit to the biging of the qvejrr all feis of alderman, bailzeis, dene of 
gilde, Abbot, and prior of this burgh with the commone gude and all vtheris proffitis 
that may be gottin for sevyn yeris tocum and mare gif it nedis be the sight of the 
personis vnder writin, that is to say, Andro Scherar, alderman ; Alexr. of Chavmer, 
Alexr. Meignes, Johne of Mar, Johne of Knollis, Dauid Colison, Thomas of Fife, 
Alexr. Rede, and Alexr. Howison, quhilkis personis sal haue ful commissione 
vnder the commoune seil of the said burgh. — ^VI. 480. 

2Sth July, 1477. 

The alderman and consale has consentit and grantit that the hammyrmen of 
this burgh sal haue the patronage of Sanct Ix>yis' altar^ in the parisch kirk of 
Aberdene and the dispositione thereof in al thingis as accordis til the patronage 
thereof in tym tocum, apon the quhilk thai sal haue the common seil of this burgh 
for the mare securite and ratification heirof. — VI. 191. 

1 S. Eloy's. 



334 APPENDICES. 

15th September, 1477. 

Item, the same day It is ordanit and decretit be the alderman and consale 
for the Wphalding of Diuine seniice daily to be made in the qweyr and kirk of 
Aberdene that William Yung, ane of the clerkis, sat haue the quarter of the 
galowgate til his fee for this instant yere, and Richard Boyl the quarter ctf the 
castelgate and quhilk of the said quarteris is better than vther to be made ^Stt 
to tham be the syght of the aldennan and consale And Adam Strath til haue 
the schipraw with the grene, and Andro Ettale, the ferd clerc, sal hafe the 
gaistraw, with the scule hiL — VI. 496. 

7th October, 1477. 

Alexr. Chawmer, alderman, with consent and deliuerence of the haH 
consale na man gane standand has gevin and grantit to the biging of the qweyr 
ay and quhil it be fullely bigit and complete that thare sal be takyn of the wattir 
of done fourty and aucht pundis yerly and of the wattir of Crois yerly twelf 
pundis. Alsua yerly of the procuratione of Sanct Nicolace kirk twenty pundis 
quhil the forsaid qveyr be fullely bigit and complete as said is. And this is 
grantit and deliuerit with consent of the hail communitie. — VI. 499. 

26th January, X47{. 

The same dai . . . the quhilkis alderman and consale avisitly for the Re- 
paratione and bigtng of the qveyr, and for vther causis sene profitable for the 
toune, has grantit and consentit to set the watteris and fischingis of this burgh 
and to prolong the termys thereof togiddir with the landis perteining til the said 
burgh and to chese certane personis maist conuenient for the setting of the said 
fischingis and landis. Upon the quhilk the alderman gerd wame the hail com- 
munitie to compere in the tolbuthe on the mome And schew and dedarit to 
thame quhat he and the consale before expronit thocht expedient and proffitable 
for the reparatione and biging of the queyr as is before said The quhilk com- 
munitie well gadertt with hail consent na man discrepand nor gane standand 
concludit ratefiit and aifermyt to set the watteris and landis and to prolong thare 
termys togidder with all vther reuenowis pertening to the communitie of the burgh 
of Abirdene for sik termys as suld be sene to thame expedient that salbe chosin 
and sworn thareto to do for the commone proffite of the toune. — VI. 516. 

30th September, 1478. 

The same dai the consale vnderwritin and vther part of the gilde of this 
burgh . . . has consentit and ordanit that Alexander of chavmyr alderman be 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 335 

continevit vpper and principale miuster of Wark of the biging of Sanct Nicholace 
qveyr for twa yeris tocnm And that Sir Andro Wricht or ony vther that ressavis 
the siluer procurit and pertening to the said wark sal make compt thereof to the 
said Alexander of chavmer, And he to be responsale and dettour tharefore to 
the toune.— VI. 548. 

* 

loth January, 14^. 

The Samyn day Schir Waltir Yung, chaplain, is o.blist be the &ith of his 
body til the alderman and consale that alslang as he gettis ten merkis of gude 
payment yerly and fy ve dais met in the oulk he sal remain and mak sic serwice 
in the kirk as he can or may do at his gudely power and alslang as it likis the 
toune til hald him. And gif he failzeis in ony service making he salbe correkit 
be the sicht of the alderman baillies and counsale of this burgh. — VI. 608. 

6th November, 1481. 

The alderman consel ande communitie of the brugh of Abirdene the com- 
munitie gadrit throw warning of the belman Ryply ande weill avisit uith ane 
assent nane sayand the contra, has deliuerit and ordinyt because that Robert 
elect confirmat of Abirdon has Schavine hym vnkindly in the ristriction of the 
secund teind of Abirdene quhilk is ^gevine be his predecessor beschop Thomas 
Spens quhome god assolze to the biging of the quer of Abirdene the forsaid 
Alderman consel ande communitie has decretit deliuerit and ordinyit that nane 
nychtbur duelland within the said brugh sal mak na seruias to the said Robert 
Elect na yet to nane of his factoris on his behalf. Inde quhat ever he be at dois 
in contrar of this act sal tync his fredome and his tak sail walk and incontinent be 
disponit At the wil and sycht of the alderman consel and communitie of the 
said brugh but ony faworis. — VI. 702. 

5th May, 1483. 

It is ordanit decretit and deliuerit be the alderman and counsale for the 
sustentation and augmentation of diuine seruice to be made in the paris kirk 
that Richard boyl salhaf and bruke the sang scule of Abirdene as principale 
maister of the samyn, with help and supple of his old maister Sir Andro 
Thomson and to labour and do thare besy diligence to cure tomak and furnyss 
bamjTS and children vnder thaim to stuf the qveyr and mak service therein 
continualy and daly. Indurand the termes of nyneyeris and forther indurand 
the townis wil efter thare gude service. And that the said Richart leve not na sal 
not leve the said seruice withoute leve of the alderman and consale, the quhilk 
thai ar oblist to vnderly and kepe be the fathez of thare bodies. — VI. 790*. 



336 APPENDICES. 

i6lh May, 1483. 

It is appoyntit and accordit hetuix Robert Blindsel alderman of abirdene 
and Dautd Menzes elder matster of the kirk wark of the samyn burgh on the ta 
part and John Alanson maister of a bote of dysart on the tother part, that is to 
say the said Johne Alanson has sauld to the kirk wark of the said bnigh his said 
bote fill of lyme alsmeikle as scho may gudely fuyr for xvjx. the chalder to be 
brought heir to the key of Abirdene alssune gudely as wynd and wedder oil serve 
him thereto for the quhilk lyme the said Johne Alanson countis him tilhaf resaait 
fra the said master of the kirk wark xxijs, yd. in part of pa3rment And John the 
Vaus elder and Wilzam Moyses ar oblist to relieve the said master of wark of 
xij^. of ilke chalder as for ten chalder. And the said Johne Alanson salbe pa)t 
for the said lyme alssune as he makis deliuerence of the samen but fraude or gile. 
To the quhilkis baith parties ar oblist be the faithes of their bodies. Witncz 
heirof thomas life Johne of culan Dauid menzes younger alexander rede David 
symson gilbert Waus Andro Wenton and vtheris diuers. — VI. 791. 

19th September, 1483. 

In the tolbuthe before the baillies of Abirdene in jugement Dauid Menzes 
elder maister of the kirkwark of the said burgh declarit that he had ressauit fra 
Anne gray the spous of Allan Smyth half a chalder of lyme to the kirkwark for 
hir sepulture at Saint eloyis altar in the paroche kirk of Sanct nicolace quhat 
tym it sal happin hir to decess, to be allowit til hir be quhatsumeuer maister of 
the kirkwark being for the tym in name of the toune in hail payment and con- 
tention for the caus forsaid, of the quhilk the said maister of the kirkwark 
grantit him fullely content and payt And dischargit the said Anny and al 
vtheris on hir behalf thareof now and for evyr. — VI. 802. 

1 8th April, 1485. 

The consale and communitie has consentit and ordanit for the bigging of 
thare organys that al nolt scheip and swine within the toune be stentit and taxit 
at the avise of the alderman and certaine personis to be chosin thereupoun. — 
VI. 916. 

24th November, i486. 
The alderman and consale present for the tyme has grantit to Williame 
Zonge the denotione and profite that happinis be gottin of the prayer bell for 
the ringyne of the samyn at sex houris in the evening and xij. houris at noone for 
the quhilkis the saide Williame is oblist to mak continale residence and seruice 
at evin-sang matutynis mess and other diuyne seruice in the quer of Aberdene, 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. Hf 

Ande James of Leslie is becumyne soiirtie for the saide Williamis gude seruice. — 
VX. 978. 

29^1 November, i486. 

The saide day the alderman counsal and communitie has grauntit to doubill 
the haile clerkschip of the towne to be giffin to Robert Huchouson for his 
seruice in the queir and plaing one the organis as effiris him to do in ale divyne 
seruice for ane yer to be complet sine his entre quhil he be pait of xx. libis and 
quhar it &lzeis of the duplicatione of the clerkschip to be pait of the haile towne 
And to be pait nithin ane zer. — VI. 981. 



31st May, 1488. 

The said day the aldirman and consal with avise of the Curat and Collectour 
and part of the Communitie and vtheris chaplainis for vphaldin ande aug- 
mentatione of divyne seruice in the queyr of Abirdene hes gevin and gmuntit to 
Ricbeft Bofle thar aid semitor the haile dcrkschipls of the galiougat ande gastraw 
of tlie wd buigbe witht al firedomes comoditeis asiamentis profitis and deviteis 
aucht and wont pertening or may pertene tharto with the pertinence for al the 
dais of his lywe the saide Richert doing continuale guide seruice in the said queir 
at al his possibilite and pouer as efferis to the quhilk he is oblist be the faidi of 
his bodie. — ^VIL 60, 

The samyn day the aldirman and consaile with avise of the Curat and 
Collectour and part of the Communitie and vtheris chaplainis for vphaldin and 
augmentatione of divyne seruice in the queyr of Abirdene has gevin and gravntit 
to Androw Coupar the haile clerkschip of the castalgate of the said burghe with 
all fredomes &c., and to remain and not remoyf fra that but that licence And 
for his remaining Williame Coupar his fiidhr is becumyne sourtie be his hande 
And eftirwart the tone to amend and ek him of his fee quhen he cumis tile age 
eftir Ilk gude aermoe. — ^VII. 60. 

The samyne day the aldirman and consale with avise of the Curat ande 
Colkctour ande part of the Communitie and vtheris chaplainis for the upholdin 
and augmentatione of dyvine seruice in the queir of Abirdene has gevin and 
gnmtit to Sandy Vocat the prayour bell witht ale fredomes comoditeis asimentis 
profitis and devitei3 aucht and wont the said Alexr. ryngand the said bel daly at 
the houris of tuelf at novne and sax at evyne as vse is for al cristyne saulis ande 

doing seraioe in ibt qam at his gudly po8sibilite.-^VII. 6i. 

UU 



338 APPENDICES. 

17 th August, 1490. 

The samyn day the aldirman baillies and diueris of the oonsal and cocnunitie 
of Aberdeen repreaentaivd the body of the toune grantit the patrcHuge of Sanct 
Ninianis altar to William Mddntm of Fywe and to his ayris maile laochfaHie 
gottin of his bodie and to be gottjrne the saide William gevin in aogmentatione 
and eking of the said chaplainry to Sir Robert Leis perpetual diaplain of the 
samyn and his sucoessouris fiwe merkis of annuell rent tharof xk. of the landis 
of Watterton beside EUone and tua merius of Ardefoik ande grandt tfaar 
conmion sele tharapone the said William deliuering his charter of new in- 
feftment of the said fiwe merkis to gidder with the annuellis of the aid infeft- 
ment to the said chaplain And efter the said Sir Robenis decess the said 
William sal present ane sufBciInt cheplain that be ane sangaster and chorist 
conuenient for the vpholdin of dtuine seruice in the queir of Abirdene quhilk sal 
mak continuale residence ande seruice in the samyn And attor gyf the saidis 
William and his ayris male beis sleuthtAiU ony tymes quhen the said chaplainry 
vakis and presentis not ane sufficient chorist within xl. dais thareftir than it salbe 
lesum to the alderman balzeis consale ande communitie of Abirdene firdy to dispone 
tharapone at that tyme and to present ane conuient mane for the samyn to the 
▼pholdin of goddis seruice as saide is. — VII. 190. 

nth February, 149^ 

The saide day the aldirman sett and to ferme leytt to Jonhne of chamer the 
sondais fische and the mettis pertentng to Sanct nicholes for this zer siclik as he 
hed it obefor the said Johne is oblist be his hand landis andgudis to content and 
pay to the aldirman or master of Sanct nicholes werk thre bazrels of salmond 
tharof tua b. at mydsommer next hereftir and j. b. at the lammes thareftir. — 
VII. 405. 

15th November, 1493. 
The saide day Jonhne Rossale, masone, was condutit and hint be the aldirman 
and consale for ane zer to remane and abid in thar seruice batht in the luge and 
vteuche and pass to Cowe^ quhen he is chargit one his avne expensis thar to hew 
and wirk at ale his pouer to the stuff and bigyne of the queir and kirk werk for 
the quhilkis seruice lelely and treulie to be done the said Jonhne deponit the 
gret aithe Ande thai sal pay to the saide Jonhne xx. merkis ysual money of 
Scotlande of fee for his saide seris seruice alanerly but ale acddentis of the brede 
and vtheris.— VII. 476. 

^ Perhaps Coviua in Moray, whose freestone quarries supplied material for many churches. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 339 

7th October, 1496. 

Be Jt kende tile ale mene be thtr present letters Us Alderman bailzes 
counsale and communite of Abirdene to be bundin and stratlie oblist and be 
the tenour of these letters to leUe and treulie bindis and oblises Us to our 
continuale familiar seruitor Robert Huchosone sangstar for samekle as he is 
becumin our conducit and feit familiar sangstar be the faith of his bodie ale the 
days of his lywe to remane wt us personalie to singe keep and vphalde mess 
matutinis evinsangis completoriis psalmis Respondis Antophinis ympins ^ and ale 
other hours and Divine seruice to be sangin w^in our paroche kirk of Abirdene at 
the letronez ande vther baith festuale and feuale dais For the saide obseruance 
to be kapit and done We binde and oblise Us and oure successouris zerlie to the 
saide Robert in the soume of twenty-four markis vsuale money of Scotlande for ale 
the dais of his lywe To the pament of the quhilkis we haue assignit Ande be thir 
present letters assigns to the saide Robert auchtene markis of the malis of our 
vnder myle four markis of the fermes of our landis of bogferlow Ande tua markis 
of our kirk bred To be Rasit and vptakin at his avne hande at tua vsuale [terms] 
in the yer that Is to say Mertimes and Witsonday be evinlie portionis for ale the 
dais of his liwe Ande atour your vniversite sale vit vs to haue grantit our sange 
scoule to the saide Robert for the quhilkis he sale wt ale diligence possibilite 
and besunes teche Informe mak leir and Instruk ale barnis under his cure 
Ande specalie the barnis burges sonis native borne of this biirgh to sing and 
I^y one the oiganis to the stuffing fortifeing and vphalding of goddis seruice in 
the saide queir thai payand him his scolage and dewites according tharto Ande 
sale vtirlie wark one the vphalding of goddis seruice and Insturking of barnis Ande 
he sale play one the organis In tymes of ale divine [service] quhen it is sene 
expedient be the alderman bailzeis consale or the chaplanis of the college of 
the kirk one festuale and verk dais And gif the saide Robert failzeis in the 
obseniing of goddis seruice or in any poynt befor writin It salbe considerit be 
the alderman bailzeis and consale and be punyst tbarfor in his fee for his 
demeritis as thei think maist expedient Ande gif the saide Robert happinis to 
failzie in the keping and observing of ony poynt befor exponit and beis conuikit 
thaifor coniuntile be the alderman bailzeis and consale It salbe lesum to tham 
to dispone apone the said fee tile ony vtheris quha thai think maist expedient 
for the tyme but ony Impediment exceptione or demavnde age and Infirmitie 
allanerlie except Ande we the saidis Alderman bailzeis consale and communite 
and our successouris sale warande kep and defende the saide assignatione of 
twenty-four markis zerlie and termite to be Rasit be the saide Robert of the 
malys and ktrkbred befor expronit for ale the dais of his lywe for his dailie 
seniice to be done In maner and forme befor writtin ale fraude and gile awaput 

^ Hymns, 



In witnessing of die qahilkis we hane ■pumilogr commone aeile to thir Icttieis At 
AbixdenetbesevmtdayofOctoba^tbeyerofgodMi^je. nyntysUj^^ — VIL771. 

30th November, 1496. 

I Robert Huchosone sangster oblisis me be the hJht of my body to my 
singular masteris the alderman balzeis consall and communite of Aberdene to 
discharge me of the tua markis zerlie assignit to me of thar kirk bred quhat tyme 
that thai mak me siker ci tua markis zerlie for all the dais of my lyve in ony' 
uther strenzeaUe place but fraud or gil In witness of the quhilkis I have 
subscriuit this writ with my hand at Abirdene the last day of Nouember the zer 
of god Miiij^- nynty and sex zeris. 

Robertus Huchoson, manu propria. — ^VII. 772. 

a and November, 1498. 

The saide day Matho Wricht oblist him be his hand vphaldin to mak gude 
seruice in the luge and vteuche to the bigin and famysing of the queir at the 
comaund and sicht of the alderman consal and the master oi the kbkwerk and 
he sal no' pass to na vyther waik wH>ut spedale licence of the alderman and die 
consal for the quhilkis seruice to be done thai sal no* (sic) content and pay to 
the said Matho twenty tua merkis vsual money of Scotland die entre of the said 
Matho was tharew^ at Mertymes last bigane. 

The saide day Nichol Masone and Dauid Wridit oblist them be die fiutliis of 
ther bodiis the gret aithe swome to remane at Sand Nidioles waik in the luge and 
vteuche ther to mak dely gude seruice and to be leile and trcw m al pontis and no^ 
to pass fra the saide wetk wtout leif of the alderman consal and master of die 
werk for the quhilkis gude seruice to be done thai sal content and pay to the saide 
Nichol twenty ane merkis and to the said Dauid auchtene meikis. — ^VII. 918. 

3id Febnivy, 156^ 
The saide day It was deliuerit be aae swome aviae irafiana BUosefe 
foispeaker diat William Glewnwricht^ sal end the nortiu windew of the tnaqgile 
that he has begunny And the Est window of the aootht to&U OMnptete And 
atour thai fyad the said Willianie Glassinwridit anmd thve H. m* ijdL to Sanct 
Nicholas Werk de dero.~VIL 1016. 

'15th March, 150^. 
The xv. day of Merche the yer forsaide Sir Johne Ruth^iurd alderman 
Schew and dedarit how he was to pass for the hambringiog of Sanct Nicholes 

> The ranuune apparently describes the trade which the man 
giazicr. The tmngile it the apse : the tooth tofiiB is the fO«th 



EXTRACTS FROM THS mUOnSSL OF TOWN COUNCIL. 34I 

led to btniik iad the eeontitty mm daqgerfidl thiow this idage of peatlenoe ibr 
the uKhening of pacett Uiat his wyf and his beims be no^ skaitit in tjnne to 
cum that ther was in handis thre scoir pundis of the watter malys of the jer 
immediatlie bigane Ande Johne of Mar grantit the samyn and that he had 
xxxv/i, of the saide yens maile in his handis for the quhilkis he suld ansuer to the 
tone befor thir witnes Gilbert Menzeis and Thomas Leslie. — ^VII. 1073. 

5th November, 1501. 

The said day the Counsale and oommunitie wamit be the handbell tbcoue 
the haill towne and gatherit Representand the body of the towne for the tyme 
drcualy Inquerit be Williame ScrimgeOisr ofBciar consentit grantit and ordanit 
ale thai: giaasums of thar wateris fischcings and landis of this assedatioun to be 
maid to be gevin to the bigin of Sanct Nicholas work na man sayajad the 
coatnur. — ^VIIL 33. 

13th March, 15O3. 

The saide day the alderman and balzeis ordanit Williame Scrimgeour 
ofliciar to pass w^ Sir Jonhe IJtstar chaplain of Sanctis crispini and crispinani 
altar w^ the deknys of the cordonaris and cans I^im to be pait and content of his 
fee of ale termes bigane efter the tenor of his Writis ande Documentis maide to 
him tharupon aucht to him be the haill craftismen of the cordonar craft w'in the 
bm:gh and to chaige thame tile obey thar ^ddm^s tharintill according to Justice. — 
VIII. 82. 

I5di April, 150a. 

The saide day It was statutit ordanit and ddiuerit be ane suome assise that 
ale nichtbouris Induellaris of this burghe and tdt alienaris that brings In ony 
gret Salt w4n this havih sale deliuerto Sanct Nicoles Work ane smale mett of 
Ilka hundretht conforming to the aide lovabill Rite constitud and vyse of the 
said buighe. — ^VIII. 98. 

9th September, 150a. 

The said day the alderman balzeis counsale and communite of Aberden 
present for the tyme opinlie wamit be the handbell throw the haill tone repre^ 
sentand the bodie of die samyn for the tyme circualie Inquerit be the offidars 
and balzeis giavntit and assignit to mester Walter Leslie persone of Menmvir full 
power ImoocaMe and licence perpetuale to big and fomd ane altar of Sanctis 
Mofigow and Tovine in the triangill of thar est end of their queir for his iiind»- 
^atm ta be maid at tlie San^n In honour of the blissit trinity his bUs9it vix;^ 



342 APPENDICES. 

Moder Mary Sanct Ntcholace and speciale of tbe said Sanct And gntntit and 
oidanit to ^ him ane autentyte evideot voder thar oonunoa ade thaiapoii.— 
VIII. 153. 

3 1 St July, 1503. 

The saide day the alderman ballieis consal and oommunite present for the 
tyme representande the bodie of the tovne grantit licence to Johne Biar ane of 
thar clerks of the queir to pass to the scule tile his Instnictioun And resauit 
and admittit Cristy Name his deput and substitut to the serving of his saide 
derkschipe vnto the againcuming of the saide Johne. — ^VIII. 240. 



i5di September* 1503. 

The saide day comperit Jok of Mar ane of the deiUs of Abirdene with 
Alexr. Mar and Johne of Mar his iieider and brother and schew how the tovne 
hed licendt him to pass to the sculis and that the childe Cristy Name qohilk he 
diuisit to have put in his seraice was passit fira the sang scule to the gramer 
scule and has maide nay seruice in the qudr as yit he being within the tone for 
him quharfor he presumis that he sal mak litill gude semice for him in his 
absence sene he failzeit in his presence tharfore he enterit Thome Chamer to the 
aldirman and ballieis and substitut him under him in his said office of derkschip 
to mak gude seruice and ministratioun in the samyn to his agane ciunyn to the 
pleasour of god and the toune ande the said Thome sal gif termlie and zerlie to 
the said Alexr. or Johne the half of all profitis that he gettis of the said oflSce be 
his aune aithe for the quhilkis Schire Andrew Chamer is becumin sourete batht for 
his gude seruice and pament and gif the saide Thome happinnis to false in the 
saide seruice or pament of the half of the profitis of the said derkschip as said is 
thane it sal be lesum to the saide Alexr. or Johne to input ane uther childe in 
the saide derkschip at thar plesour it being known that he falzeis in his seruice 
and the alderman ande balzeis diuerss of the consall and communite resauit and 
admittit the said Thomas to the semice of the saide derkschip and attour Aleacr. 
Mar and Johne of Mar oblist thame fathtfuUie be thar hands upholdin coniunctlie 
and seuerallie to pay Schire Andrew Chamer tene schillingis Scottis money gif the 
said Thomas happinis to be put fra the seming of the said derkschip or he 
get samekle profit of the saide office. — VIII. 256-7. 

27th October, 1503. 

The saide day It was statut and ordanit be the alderman ballieis and consak 
that the sagristaur sale have for ilka graiwe makin and bellis ringin within the 
kirk , . , and vteuchc the kirk in the kirkyerd viij^. Aade he sale fjiex rin^ 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL 343 

ciirfeyr condnoalie at hour and tyme aucht and wont attor he sale nocht ring 
laurence at the saule messb nor menyngis hot for the nobill and honorable 
personis of the tovne without leif of the alderman and the counsale. — VIII. 383. 

a3rd December, 1504. 

The said day the baillies consaile and communite wamit be the pre- 
munidoun of the handbell throu the haill tooun gatherit representand the body 
of the tovun and circualie inquerit be Willeame Scrimgeour ane of the officiaris 
of the said burgh ale in ane voice concordande gef grantit and assignit to thar 
traist derk and nytbour sone Maister Dauid Menzheis ale and haile thair 
chapellanry of Sanct Dutheis alter with ale proffitis richtis and pertintence per- 
tenyng or may pertene tharto situat within the pariss kirk of the said buigh for 
ale the dais of his ly ve vacand be the decess of vmquhile Sir Willeame Cruk- 
schank last possessour of the samyn and constitut maid and ordanit Johnne 
Lesly of Wardens alderman &c. thar commissaris coniunctly and severaly die 
institut and inuest the said master Dauid in the said chapellanry and ordanit 
Euidentis vnder thar commone seill according tharto to be maid in dew forme to 
the said master Dauid on the souerast wise be thair commone derk. — VIII. 405. 

31st January, 150J. 

The saide day the aldirman ballieis and diuerss of the counsale and com- 
munite representande the body of the towne riplie avisit grauntit fre licence and 
leyf ande be this present actis licends and lewis thar fiimiliar derk Master 
Andrew Craufurde chapellane perpetuale of Sanct Peteris alter for ale the terms 
of fywe zeris immediatlie next heireftir to pass quhareuer he emplessis prayand 
for the saulis of the fondouris of the samyne sayfar as thai may for the bigyne 
ande reformatioun done and to be done upon ane tenement and lande pertening 
to the said alter quhilk is ruinouss and standis in poynt of tynsele without it be 
reformit biggit and mendit — ^VIII. 419. 

14th June, 1505. 

The saide day the alderman balzeis and couiisale present for the tyme for 
the upholdin and sustening of dyvine seruice in the queir and kirk of Aberden 
in the honor of God the gloriouse Virgine Mary Sanct Nicholes thair patron and 
ale Sanctis conducit hyrit and feit Wat Strathin sangaster to syng and help to 
hold dyvin seruice within the said kirk for his *mett with viij. personis drcualie 
oukly and drink and xxx. of silver zerlie ilkan zer to be tene of ane burges to be 
chosin and gottin be the said Wat or ony of his friendis to by him ane gown 
quhilkis thai thankfullie promittit to the said Wat.— VIII. 463. 



344 APPEITDtCES. 

iTtn Nofcnbcri 1505* 

The saide day die aldennan babeb coumaile and tfoens of tiie e ommm ri te 

gravntit atide gaf diar finding and keping of ther jondis and ornaments of thar 

kirk to Sir Dau j Waus cheplene for ale the dais of his lyre with all deuyteis and 

profitis pertening thairto for the keptng of die samyn aocht and wount — ^VIIL 519. 

17th November, 1505. 

The saide day the alderman balliets counaale and oommnnile of t h^ wfi 4f 
bofghe wamit be the hand bell thiowe the hale toune and be the dBrinw of the 
aaymn gathtreit and circualie inqueiit of thar avne fiee motiive and wiU graantk 
and gaf to master Hector Boeice^ thar preaentacioun of Saact NtniMiiB ater 
withtn the parym kick of the aatd buigbe for ak the dais of his lywe being nt 
dmr gift at this tyme And ocdanit to gif thar oomoMme adle to aeile the said 
pwaantscioun-^VIII. sao. 

i6di January, 150}. 

The said day the aldirman ballieis coonsale and communhe gnmtit and 
gaf tile ane worschipfule mane master Dauy Menzeis thar perpetoale chaplamry 
of Sanct Peteris altar within thar paroche kirk of the said bnr^ for all the dais 
of his liwe vacand and being in thar disposidoun and gift be decess of vmquhile 
master Andro Craftird last possessor of the saymn and oidanit to seile his 
donacioiin and gift with thar common sek. 

llie said day Master Dauy Menieis purely ande aimpiUe mignit the 
perpetuate chaplamy of Sanct Duthois altar in the handis of Gilbert Menaeis 
aldennan of the saide buighe be ane gluff in &uor of Sir Dauy Waus his cosing 
And Incontinent tberefter the aldirman ballieis counsal and communite gaf the 
said cheplanry to the saide Sir Dauy for ale the dais of his liwe And ordanit 
to ade his donadoun and gift thanqxme with thar common sele. — VIII. 538. 

soth September, 1505. 

The said day the Aldennan Baillies Counsaill and communite wamit be 
the handbell gatherit and be the offidaris of the said buigh inquirit grantit and 
geff to Sir Thomas Bynne chaplane and sangster thar perpetuate chapellanry of 
Sanct Michaellis Alter for all the dais of his lyve wacand be the deoeiss of 
vmquhile maister Androu Craufturd For the quhilk chapelhniy the said Sir 
Thomas oblist hjrme to mak continuale residence within the pariss kirk of 
Abirdene and keip obaerue and austene personaly ale de?yne seruice in synging 
within the said kirk and queyr at matyins evinsang completoring singin mess and 

^ This is the Historian of Scotland and first Principal of Aberdeen. It is remarkable 
that no mention ia made of him in the Chartulary. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 345 

all vther divine seruice And instnik tdcht and furayss barnis and studends in 
miisyk to the supportatioun of Goddis seruice at his power for ale the dais of his 
lyve And forther to do devyne seruice at the said alter efter the tenor of the 
fundatioun of the samyn For the fulfilling of the quhilkis the said Sir Thomas 
oblist him be the foitht of his body the gret aitht swome but fraud or gile And 
atour the saidis Alderman baillies counsall and communite grantit to the said Sir 
Thomas Ilkane tua zeris ane buzges wortht tua markis for his gud seruice to be 
continewit in the said kirk. — ^VIIL 541. 

2oth September, 1505. 

The said day the aldirman ballieis counsale and communite gatherit be pre- 
municioun of the handbell and the officiaris of the said borghe for the vphaldin of 
dyvne seruice to the plesour of gode the glorious Virgine Mary Sanct Nicholes thar 
patrone conducit hyrit and feit Sir Andrew Couper chaplane and sangstar to mak 
personale residence and continuale seruice within the paryss kirk and queyr of 
the samyne at mess matutynis evinsang completorn and ale vther dyvine seruice 
at oiganis and vtherwais at ale his pouer for ale the days of his lyve as he has 
done tymes bigane and better gif he cane For the quhilkis the saidis aldirman 
balzeis counsale and communite has grantit and assignit to the said Sir Andro ane 
annual pension of tene poundis sex schillingis and viij^. for ale the dais of his 
lyve for his gude seruice to be done as said is therof aucht merkis of the malys 
of thar vnder myln and fyve pundis of thar Rud malys zerlie Ilkane yer Notwitht 
standing quhat tyme it sale happin the aldirman balzeis Counsale and communite 
to promoive the saide Sir Andro tile ony perpetuale chaplanry or seruice within 
the said kirk or burghe Thane it salbe lesum to thame to appropir and tak to 
thar avine vyses alsmeikle of the said annual pensione as the valoue of the said 
chaplanry sale happin tile extend to Ande the saide Sir Androw oblist him be 
the fiiitht of his body the gret aithe swome to obserue and keip ale pontis befor 
writin at his gudlie pouer Induring his lywe tyme but fraude or gile And tile 
help to teche Instruick ande Informe Sangstaris and barnis to the helping and 
fortying of goddis seruice Vpone the quhilkis thai ordanit to gar mak ane letter 
vnder thar common seile to the saide Sir Andrew. — ^VIII. 541. 

3oth September, 1505. 

The saide day comperit Sir Jonhne Rutherford knicht before the alderman 
balzeis Counsale and communite being within the tolbutht of the samyn Ande 
thar for certane resonabile causes constraining him frelie purlie and simpilie one 
his avine fre vile and motiwe not choactit compellit constrenzeit nor 
resignit the patronage of Sanct Michaelis altar fondit within the paryss kirk of the 

XX 



34^ APPENDICES. 

saide burghe in the hands of gilbert Menxeit aldenmui in tbe tomis Dame Ande 
ale richt and dayme of richt propertie and possessioun quhilkis he bed or mycfat 
onywise have in and to the saide patronage with the pertinence for him his ayris 
executoris and assignes be quiet damit and dischergit now and for euer Ande 
gaf the samyne patronage frelie for him his ayris and assignes to the said baile 
toune aldirman balxeis counsale and commmiite be ane gloff pespetnalie with 
thame and thar successoris to remane. — ^VIIL 543. 

14th August, 1506. 

The said day the prouest and counsale present for the tyme granntit licence 
and leif to Master Thomas Chamer chaplane of our lady alter to pass in pilgrimage 
to Sanct Johne of Anoniss. — VIII. 600. 

24th September, 1507. 

The said day Thomas Borrow Inglishman grauntit him resauit be the handis 
of Androw Cullane prouest of the said burghe four lastis and d. last slamonde (sic) 
in the name of Bryame Roche for tene fuder of led resauit to Sanct Nicholes 
work quhilkis iiij. lastis and d war schippit custome free and tbe said Thomas in 
the name of the said Bryame his master helde me wele content and pait and 
dischaigit and quiet clamit the said prouest balzeis consaile and communite 
tharof now and foreuer befor Hary Stot skipper. — ^VIII. 743. 

a6th December, 1507. 

The same day it was appontit betuix the prouist bailzeis and consale one 
that ane part and Johne Fendour wricht one that vther part in maner forme and 
effect efter following that is to say the said Johne sale God willing big oupmak 
and finaly end and complet the xxxiiij. Stallis in thar queir with the spiris and the 
chanslar dur and ale vthir thingis according tharto one his avin expensis alse 
substanciusly and honorable as he may as thai ar b^gunnyne and bettir gif he 
can betuix this and the fest of Sanct Petyr callit Lammes^ immediat heireiter 
following or at the fest of Sanct Michaell nixt and immediat tharefter following at 
the ferrast quhilk being completit and finally endit at the said day as said is the 
prouest bailzeis and consale sale content and pay to the said Johnne tua hundretht 
pundis vsuale money of Scotland with ane bontay according to thair honor and 
gif he completis nocht the said wark be the said day thane they sail content and 
pay to him the some contenit in the first contrak and this condicioun making nay 
dirpgacioun to the first contrak To the keping of the quhilkis the said Johnne 
oblist him be the faitht of his bodie to Gilbert Menzeis prouest in the tovnis nam and 
ale somes of money that he ressauis sal be allouit in the said some. — ^VIIL 777. 

^ The feiwt of S. Pet^ ad Vincmla (Aug. z). 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 347 

4th July, 1508. 

Uniuersis pateat per presentes nos prepositum balliuos consules et com- 
munitatem burgi de Abirdene . . . pro diuini seruitii sustentatione in honorem 
Dei omnipotends beadssime virginis marie beati nichoiaij et omnium sanctorum 
dedisse . . . nostro dilecto familiari capellano domino Andree Couper musico 
unam annuam pensionem septem librarum et octo solidorum usualis monete 
Scotie . . . pro suo fideli seruicio et personali residentia infra ecclesiam 
parrochialem dicti buigi impendendo faciendo et continuando ad celebrationem 
matutinarum vesperarum completorum missarum ac aliarum horarum quorum- 
cunque tam in choro ecclesie quam ad organa prout in eiisdem certis temporibus 
dapsis perseuerauit . . . faciendo et cantando inde dictus dominus Andreas 
diuina suffragia et seruitia in dictis choro et ecclesia solita et consueta prout alii 
conducti cantores in huiusmodi ecclesia in diuinis astringuntur ... In cuius rei 
testimonium presentibus sigillum nostrum commune est appensum apud Abir- 
dene quarto die mensis Julii anno domini millesimo quingentesimo octauo. — 
VIII. 847. 

Sir Andrew Colisone received a similar pension of Five pounds, by letters, 
date, 23rd June. 

35th September, 1508. 

The saide day the prouest balzeis counsale and communite of the said 
burghe opinly wamit be the handbele and officeris throwe the haile toune 
gatherit and inquerit seueralie euerie mane for him self grantit and gaf to Master 
Gavane Leslie thar perpetuale chaplanry of Sanct Jonhne the Baptistis altar 
situated within thar paroche kirk vacant be decess of vmquhile maister Williame 
Strachauchin last possessor of the samyn Ande Gilbert Menzeis prouest gaf the 
saide chaplanry to master Thomas Chamer procurator for the said master Gavane 
be the gift of his ringe And ordanit tentiwe writ to be maid tharapone and thar 
commone seile to be appensit to the samyn. — VIII. 872. 

6th October, 1508. 

The said day the prouest balzheis counsaile and communite present for the 
tyme for wphaldin of diuine seruice decoring of haly kirk and plesour of Gode the 
blissed virgine Mare Sanct Nicholace thare patrone and ale Sanctis ale in ane voce 
concordand grantit and consentit that ale thare perpetuale chaplanreis and Sanct 
Thomas hospital being at thare gift donatioune and presentatioun salbe gevin 
perpetualie tile sangstaris that can syng plane sang ande prik sang at the lest ande 
speciale to bamis burges sonnys and native menne borne of the toune before ale 
uthiris ande ordanit one autentyve writ to be maide tharapone and selit with thare 
commone sele perpetualie till endur.— VIII. 878. 



i 



348 APPENDICES. 

17th December, 1509. 

The said day for the vphaldin of divin seniice to the honor of god and 
haly kirk, etc, The prouest bailzeis and counsaile grantit and consentit to pay 
Sir Thomas Bynne four poundis aving of the termes bigane to him And has 
assignit to him xlx. zerlie to be resauit of the malis of thar vnder mylne thareof 
XXX. at Witsonday and xxx. at Mertimes And assignit to Sir Wilzeame Wncht 
chaplane xlr. zerlie to be ressauit of the malis of the said myle at dM said tennes 
of witsunday and mertimes for his gud and continuale seniice to be maid in the 
said kirk and grant to pay him xlx. for his fee of the zer bigane Item, thai 
ordane thar Denys of gild to prouide ane gowne price xiiijx. to Willy Broone 
Item^ a govne to Johnne Buchane a govne xiiijx. aixl lUwt, to Thomas Forbes 
ane govne price xiiijx. Itetm^ to Gilbert Bynne a govune price xiiijx. And tua 
markis to Johnne Goldsmyth for thar gud and continuale seruice to be maid in 
singiiig in the said kirk at ale houris tymes and places according tharta— 
VIII. 1046. 

7th June, 1510. 

The said day the provest bailzeis and counsaile for honour and vphald of 
Goddis seruice conducit and feit Sir Johime Troumbull sangster to seme in thair 
queyr and kirk in all devin seruice messis matutinis evynsangis and all vder 
seruice belanging to ane sangstar for ane jreir to cum And forthir gif it plesit 
that said Sir Johne to remain or thai to plese his seruice for the quhiUus thai 
sail cause him be pait zerlie of tene pundis sa Ung as he remanis in thar seniioe 
quhill thai be puyschance to mend him his fee quhilk Sir Johime sale enter at 
die fest of Lammes nixt herefter to his seruice and licence betuix this and thane 
to red him self of vder places quhar his geir was And this ten pundis to be 
vptaken be the said Sir Johnne zerlie fira the personis and placis that thai assigne 
to him. — ^VIII. 1092. 



>IO 



17th January, 15I 

The said day the prouest bailzeis counseil and communite wamit be the 
handbell gatharit and Inquerit grantit and consentit that the rufe of the pariss 
kirk of the said burgh suld stand as it is and to se and consider the faulds in the 
tymmer and mak thame to be reformyt — ^VIIL 1150. 



•to 



3rd February, 15J 

The said day the prouest bailzeis counsaile and communite present for the 
tyme ordanit George Bisset master of the kirk werk cause the plumbar to pass 
and ende his werk and theik the body of thar kirk with leide. — ^VIII. 1 154. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 349 

19th Aprily 15 12. 
The said day the Prouest bailzeis counsale and communite gatherit and 
circualie Inquirit be Johnne Cohsone ane of the bailzeis of the said burght all in 
yoice concordand grantit gef and assignit ande be this thar deliuerance grantis 
geffis and assignis to thar traist familiar and common clerk Sir Johnne Stirueling 
chaplane all and haile thar chaplanry of Sanct Johnne the ewanglestis alter situat 
within thar pariss kirk quhen euer it wakis be resignatioun dimissioun or vther 
wayis of ane worschipfiile mane Sir Robert Martyne vicar of Gemok And 
ordanit thar prouest Gilbert Menzeis to instruct him in the samyne And sele 
his letter of donation vnder thar common seile on the sourast wass it cane be 
maid for all the dais of his live. — IX. 96. 

loth January, 15J*. 

Action by Mr. David Menzies chaplain of the altar of S. Michael the 
Archangel for an annual rent ofSs. from land on S. side of Upperkirkgate between 
the miU lade and land of William Nory on the E. and the king's highway on W. — 
IX. 172. 

Action by Mr. Thomas Chamer curate of Aberdeen and chaplain of the 
altar of the Viigin Mary for an annual rent of 8x. from the same land. — IX. 172. 

24th April, 15 14. 

Thir Statutis eftir following was maid and diuisit be the prouest bailzeis counsaile 
and communitie for the reformadoun of certane necassar thingis to be had in 
thar moder kirk to the honor and fre loving of God Almyghty the blissed 
Viigin and thar glorious patrone Sanct Nicholace. . . . 

In the first in the loving of God Almighti the blissed Virgin Marie our glorious 
patroun Sanct Nicholace and all Sanctis for the decoring and reparacioun to be had 
in our modir kirk in necessarand neidfiill thingis thoucht expedient and specialie in 
sang bukis for our queir chantour cappis frontallis towalis of the hie altar for dathis 
chandelaris of bras lectronis of bras westmentis and omamentis pertening til 
the hie altar chalis mess buk and all vder necessar thingis to the decoring of the 
said alter kirk and queir it is diuisit statut and ordanit that thar be taken of 
all schippis that passis furtht or is fraucht out of this buigh to Flanders or 
Zdand of every sek of woU or skinnis sek lik and of euery last of salmond 
and hidis tuelf grotis Flanderis money to be ressauit and vptakin of the 
roerchantis gudes that happinnis to be input and ladnyt in the samyn schippis 
and to be ddiuerit to ane collectour thoucht expedient be the towne to ressaue 
the samyn and reman in his handis quhilk Mdbe responsale tharfor to be 



3S0 APPENDICES. 

fiirthcumand to by the necessar thingis thoucht be the hafle towun to decoring 
of haly kirk as said is And in euery chaiter party that happinis to be maid that 
it be spedfeit in the charter partie payand to the collectour that salbe ordand 
xij^. to Sanct Nicholace lycht and that the skipper of the said schippis to be 
frauchit ressave and vptak the said xij^. with his firuacht lelely and treulie deliuer it 
to the said collectour of the gudis being within his schip and at his frauchting salbe 
swome tharto. And this xij^. Flandris money to gidder with Sanct Nicholace awin 
propir gudes to be taken vp and put in the said coUectouris handis for the space of 
five yens to cum fra the dai of the dait hereof And forther induring the marchandis 
and tounis wil gif it be vnderstandin be thame the said gudis cummys to the profit 
of haly kirk.» 

liem^ it is statut and ordanit fra thir furtht that na burges or freman be maid 
for the said space bot or he be ressauit in fratemite of the gild sail pay ane 
Franche croune of wecht to Sanct Nicholace reparacioun of his kirk and queir 
and to be input in the said coUectouris handis for the causis befor nemmyt and 
of all craftismen and vther simple be composicioun to pay ane certane efter ther 
faculte as salbe aggreit with thame for the tyme. 

Assua that na vnfreman be licenc to saile in marchandice to na partis 
without that he pay to Sanct Nicholace werk and decoring of his kirk twa Franche 
crounis of the weicht for the space foresaid and gif the provest for the tyme 
happinis to licenc ony to saile of his auctorite he sal ansuer for the said tua 
crounis and deliuer or cause to deliuer the samyn to the said collectour in firme 
keping. . . . — IX. 336-7. 

28th July, 15 14. 

The said day the baillies counsaile and communite present for the tyme 
grantit and gef fre licence to Gilbert Menzeis provest to dilate and extending 
Sant Sebastianis III quhilk he intendis to big god willing twa fut of bred or mar 
gif neid beis for the alter of Sanct Sebastianis now biggit to the honor of god 
and decoring of the kirk. — IX. 363. 

13th January, 15IJ. 

The said day the provest bailaeis and counsaile condudt and feit Sir Johnne 
Murray sangstar to sing in thar queir and kirk in mess matynis and ewinsang and 
vther devin seruice occurrand within thar kirk as vtheris the choristaris and singais 
dois vithin the samyn at all his possibilite For the quhilk thai haue assignit to 
the said Sir Johnne and be this present act assignis tene markis vsuale money of 

^ Confirmed by another Act of Council, aoth October, 1520. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 35 1 

Scotland ... to be pait to him of the comnuHie purs quhilk Sir Johnne thai 
haue cx>nducit for ane yer fra the fest of Sanct Nicholace thar patroun preceding 
the dait herof. . . . — IX. 389. 

nth June, 1515. 

The Pariss Clerkschips. 

The said [day] the provest bailzeis and ane part of the counsaile present 
for the tyme disponit and gef the quarter clerkschip of futy quhilk Sandy Waus 
had to Sir Johnne of Murray in augmentacioun of his fee with all profittis and 
commoditeis tharof for his gud and continuale seruice done and to be done in 
thar kirk and queir in all divin seruice And for his continuale residence and 
remaining with thame all tymes to cum quhile previd that thai maybe of puy- 
schance to gif him ane gretar fee or chaplanry being at thar gift kepande the 
permissioun of the chaplaneis that thai haue permittit first 

The quhilk day the provost bailzeis and counsaile present for the tyme for 
the vphald of goddis seruice disponit and gef to Willy Lesly sone to Normond 
Lesly the quarter pariss clerkschip of the castleget quhilk Johnne Gumming had 
obefoir to his gud continuale and daily seruice to be done in mess matynis and 
euinsangis within thair queir and kirk of Sanct Nicholace. . . . — IX. 462. 

The said day the provest bailzeis and counsale present for the tyme proudit 
grantit and assignit to Gilby Bynne elder fyfty schillingis zerlie vsuale money of 
Scotland for his gud and continuale seruice to be done in thar queyr and 
kirk, . . . — IX. 463. 

4th December, 1515. 

One Sanct Barbaris day the ferd day of December in presence of Johnne of 
Mbi provost and the maist part of the good men of the toune present and 
gatherit within the Vuestry of Sanct Nicholece kirk for the vphald of goddis 
seruice grantit and assignit to Andro Strathachin sone to vitiquhill Dauid 
Strathin thair seruitor and sangstar for the renunciatioun and ourgiffin of the half 
clerkschip of the gaistraw at thair command to Gilbert Bynne younger assignit 
and grantit zerlie to the said Andro for the said renunciatioun x\s. to be taken 
and resauit vp zerlie fra the denys of gyld ay and quhill the tyme that god relief 
thame to prouide sum vthir competent and accident thing for him. — IX. 525. 

23rd June, 1516. 

The said day the Bailies counsaile and the maist part of the communite 
present for the tyme wamit be the officiaris and circualie inquerit be Wilzearoe 
Scrimgeour officiar grantit and con$entit uith ane voice concordand na mao 



3S2 APPENDICES. 

sayand in die contrar to defend the prasentacioan of the cfaapianry of the 
Magdellene alter gevin be thaim to thair seniitor and chi^plane Sir Johnne Fjf 
and to mak laig expenses thairapone for the defence thairof and tfaar said 
chaplane and to bid at thair appelladoun and defend the samyn. — ^IX. 597. 

i8th July, 1516. 

The said day the provost bailzeis counsaile and oonununite of the said 
burgh wamit be the offidaris throue the haiU towun gatherit and drcoahe 
inquerit be Normond Lesly ane of the offidaris of the said buigh consentit to 
mak ane generate commissioun and procuratoiy of the best and worthiast 
burgesses ... to pass persew follow and defend the rycht of the presentadoun 
and patronag of the Magdalene alter of Aberdene debatabUl betuix thame and 
the president and chaptor of Aberdene to treit and compone the said matter as 
thai think maist expedient one ane amicabill wise for vnce and coiKX)rd till indur 
and preseuer betuix thame and the said chaptor as it has bene all tymes bigane 
and ordanit the said commissioun to be maid vnder thair conmione seile and 
selit with the samyn in dew form as efferis for finall gud of the said mater. — 
IX. 601. 

8th October, 1518. 

The said day the prouest bailzeis and counseill assignit and ordanit to be 
deliuerit to Schir Johne Cuming thair chorister and player on thair organis aucht 
d. of Sanct Nicholes braid every Sonday and every prindpall fest likas yuill 
pasche thair patronnis day Witsonday and sicklike sextene d. in likwiss as vse uas 
to be gevin to Sir Andrew Cuper his predecessour. — ^X. 8. 

13th December, 15 18. 

The said day the prouest bailzeis and a pairt of the consdll assignit Schir 
Johnn Gumming singar of thair quayr and playar one thair organis for his fee for 
his gud and lovable service to be done yeirly of the mail of the croffis fiv merkis 
ijx. les and the clerkship of the Castdgat quarter for vther fiv merkis and four 
merkis of Shedesley. — X. 27, 33. 

loth January, isJj. 
The said day the tovne consentit and ordanit the masteris of kirk-werk to 
translat thair funt and passag to the rudloft and bigup sanct michell dur and 
mak a fair wyndo in that gavill of thair croce kirk.^ — X» 33. 

> This it the large Gothic window still remaining in the gable of the north transept : it 
ia &r inlbrior in point of style to the somewhat later window in Greyfrtars church. 



EXTRACTS FROM THfi REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 3S3 

The said day the prouest and bailzeis with consent of' the haill tovne 
consideiand that godis seniice was lattin dovne in a part be cans thar was not 
ane that attendit nor aduersit to thar sang schouU granttit and committet the 
reiill and regiment of the samyn to thar servand Sir Johnn Gumming be caus he 
myght best waik thaiapone and toucht teicht thar bamis baith to sing and play 
quhilk is ryght necesser to the vphauld of godis seruice. — X. 33. 

X7th September, 15 19. 

The said day the pronest bailzeis and conseill being present for the tym 
with avise conseill assent and consent of the nychbouris being present for the 
tyme gaf grantit and concedit to thar wilbelovuit nychbouris and servandis David 
Broce William Wallace Willeam Loremar and Androv Smyth deikins of the 
hammerman craft for this instant yeir and to vthiris quhatsumeuer thar succes- 
souris deckins of the said craft thar full pouer and lecince to ressaif vptak and 
inbring of euery brother of the said craft that vptakis or haldis of new boucht or 
forg to wyrk within this burgh for his entra siluer half ane mark at his first 
b^inyng secundly of ilke master that takis ane prenteis at his begining half a 
mark therdly of euery feit man that wirkis for mait and fee zeirly ane pund of 
wax ferdly of ilk master man of the ciaft euery ouk a d. of oflferand to thar 
patiovne sanct eloy and attour the saidis prouest bailaeis and consaill has given 
grantit and assignit and be thir presents gevis grantis and assignis to thar said 
deikins and thar successouris thar full plane and express auctorite and pouer to 
amend puneiss and correct all maner of trespassouris and failtads of thar said 
craft for all tr^passis and faultis committit be tham concerning thar said craft 
and all vthir small faltis dovne amang tham self outtaking bloudweck and deit 
The quhilkis dewiteis that is to say entran siluer prenteis siluer offrand of master 
li of wax of feit seruandis to gidder with the correctionis of the faltis forsaid salbe 
appljfit to all ther mest proffeit it may be to the honor vtilite and proffeit of thar 
said patronis altar and vphald of the cheplane of the samyn as thai will ansuer to 
god and to thar said patron be the avise sycht and consideratioun of all the masteris 
of the said craft quhilk masteris and ilkane of tham sail zeirly vphald and send 
ane honest candill of ane pund of wax of thar awne expenses and sua thai sail 
godwiUene decor and dote thar said altar with vestmentis buikis tovellis chanlair 
ymagis and all vther omamentis according tharto to the honor of god and thar 
patromi. — ^X. 11 a. 

1 3th June, 1520. 

The said day fhe prouest with the awise of the consaill gif grantit and 
assignit to Sande LesHe singer of thar queyr thar quarter derkschip €€ the 

YY 



i 



354 APPENDICES. 

Castellget for his gudscruice to be dovne coatinualy within thir queyr he payuid 
zeiriy furtht of the said clerkschip to Dauid Loremar choristar of the samjn the 
sovme of foorty s, at the pasche tenne ay and quhilk we previt the said Dauid of 
ane better pensioun or fee And that togidder widi his pensiotm of xli. quhilk 
he has of the tovne abefor. — ^X. 197. 

aoth November, 1520. 

The said day it was considerit be haill tovne that Sir Johne Fif thar feit 
choristar and singar keipit not continewell seruice within thar queyr as he aucht 
to do and in likwise that he was seditious of conditionis and schew discorde 
among the nychtbouris of the tovne and brethtr of the kirk as was aDegit and 
quhen he had beyne twyis afor the caus of suspentioun of thar kirk and was prc- 
sumyt to be now instrument to the samyn effect for thir consideratiouna and 
sundry vthiris moving tham thai dischaig be this present act the said Sir Johne 
of all thar seruice and feis And ordanis ane vthir singar to be feit in his place 
be the awise of the consaill. — ^X. 259. 

8th April 152 1. 

The sud day the provest with consent and assent of the haill towne hes feit 
and condutit Walter Futhe singar to mak daylie residence and seruice in thar 
queyr at mattingis mess ewynsang And all vther seruice to the honor of god 
and decoring of thar moder kirk. For the quhilk the said Walter sail hane zeiriy 
fourty schillingis of the toun to his clais and his daylie meet wiklie amang the 
gudmen of the samyn. — X. 295. 

4th October, 1521. 

The said day it was statut and ordanit be the provest and bailzeis with con- 
sent of the haill towne that na maner of man be wamit to pass with Sanct 
Nicholes bred except thir personis within writtin and quhilk of thame that beis 
lauchtfiilly wamit by the segrestare or his deput and passis not with the samyn in 
the usuall tyme as is requirit without lauchfull impediment sail pay to the rqMua- 
tioun of the said kirk wark oneforgevin tene x. and this to be tak up but iieiuor or 
request. — X. 362. 

7th .October, 1521. 

The said day die prouest and bailzeis with awise of ane part of the ccmsaill fdt 
and conducit Gilbert Robertsone singer of thar queyr for iij. zeiris nizt and immediat 
folowing the dait of this writ to mak daily seruice in thar queyr at matingis hemes 



\ 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 355 

(high mass) and ewinsang and all vther dyvin seruice vse and vont within thar 
said kirk fcstaell and fieriell days for the quhilk thar haif assignit him thar derkschip 
of the fiity quarter togidder with his meit in the to?ne oukly of the personis eftir 
following that is to say of Andro Cullan one sonday with tiie prouest one moun- 
day with the gudman Gilbert Menzeis one tuisday with Mathow Branche on 
Widinsday with Alexander Gray on furisday with the curet on friday and with 

on Saterday the said Gilbert payand zeirly out of the said clerk 
to Sir Dauid Loremar tua merkis allanerly of the quhilk tua merkis the toune sail 
rdief him with the first wakand for the qukilk the said gilbert robertsone has 
oblegit him be the fiuth in his body. . . . — ^X. 364. 

The said [day] the saidis prouest bailzeis and consell feit and condudt Wille 
Stradaquhin singer of thar queyr for iij. zeiris to mak daily residence at matingis 
hie mes and ewingsang and all vthir diuyne seruice usit and wont within the said 
kirk for the quhilk thar haue assignit him xx^. togidder with his meit and derk- 
schip quhilk .he haid afor. . . . — X. 365. 

The said day the forsaid prouest bailzeis and conseill fdt and condudt 
Walter Fdthty to sing in thar queyr at matingis etc. . . . and to play on thar 
organis small or gret quhen he is requirit for thre zeiris nixt to cum fra the dait of 
this writ for the quhilk the said Walter sail haue fourty s. zeirly pait to him be the 
master of the kirkwark togidder with his meit amang the gudmen of the tovne. 
. . . — X. 365. 

14th October, 1521. 

The said day the bailzeis charg Will Pay cutler to pay sex s. viiji/. to Sanct 
eloy Idcht quhen the laif of the craft pays thar dewyteis for the vptakin of his 
bouth within the toune efter the form of the statutis maid amang the craft of 
hammermen. — ^X. 369. 

6th April, 1523. 

The said day the prowest bailzes counsdl and communite present for the 
tyme condudt and feit Sir Androw Pinkarton singer and corister to sing in ^thair 
queir quhill Witsonday cum a zeir quhilk is Witsonday in the zeir of god ane 
thowsand five hundret twenty and thre zeiris in continuall residence and seruice 
at mess matingis ewinsang and all vther dewyne seruice use and wont for the 
quhilk thai haue permittit him xij. merkis. — XI. 70.^ 

2nd June, 1522. 

The said day Normond Leslie present in iugment to the provest and bailzes 
his rentell of the ruyd mailis of this burgh the quhilk the said provest and baillies 
hes red and vnderstand the samin. — ^XI. 109. 

» C/. Xt. 107. 



i 



356 APPENDICES. 

iitfa AugvH, 1588. 

The Mid dqr the haU tomi ail in ene vooe pMak be the hend bd and 
conuient for the maist part within the tolbuith of the mnen thai be and drcuilie 
inqueriet be Wilaeam RoUand bailze gaue grantit and aaaignit to maitter Dauid 
Nicholson chaplane the profitk allectiontt and asaetis of Sanctt Jone the Ewan- 
geliatia alter situat within the paroche kirk of abirden with the annualis nails 
offerandis with all and sindim piofleita and dewiteta pertening or may pertene 
thairto for aH the days of his live efter the tennow of the fiuidatioiin of the aamen 
And oidand the proreat to pass and gif the said Bsaister Danid actual! and riaU 
institutioun thairof in thair namySb — ^XI. 151. 

17th November, 1528. 

The said day the provest baillies and counsall hes diaigit thair siogaris to 
Gontinew in thair guyd Senris of the singing of ane gloriosa efter matinis and 
salme eftir ewin sang. And hes ordaind the personis gevin in biH be the said 
singaris quilk ar obleist be thair hands and markis to pay the sovme promist be 
thame efter the forme of the said bill — XI. 806. 



loth October, is>4* 

The said day the prouest bailzeis and a part of the oonsdl present for ^bt 
tyme feit and oonducit Willeam Stradaquhin synger to sing in thair queyr in 
festuell and feriell days at mattingis mess ewinsang and all vther sendee ussit and 
yont within the said queyr and quhilk the said Willeam be piest quhiUc oblcgit 
him be the &ith in his body to the prouest for the keiping of the said seruice and 
inlikwise for his remanence for the quhilkis thai promittit him zeirly tene markis 
and assignit to him sex markis of thair maillis of the gardin and four markis to 
be pait to him zeirly of thar mallis or bred be the maisteris of the kiik waik. — 
XI. 4S7. 

And inlikwise the prouest batlltes and consaill farsaid condocit and feit 
Gilbert Robertsone syngar to all the seruice afor exponit for the quhilk thai 
promittit to him tene markis that is to say six markis of his awne derkachip and 
four markis to be assignit to hime be the tovne quhar he may have the best paiment 
tharof.— XI. 488. 

3rd March, 152^. 

The said day the prouest with the awise of the conseiU present for the tyme 
requirit Sir Richert Anderson Cheplane to cum and mak personal residence 
within thair queyr and kirk in all diuyne seruice and assignit him tene merkis of 



EXTRACTS FROM THE RBQISTER. OF TOWN COUNCIL. 3%f 

thair maillts within the tovne tpgidder vitb the fiv merkis quhilk he has in pen- 
tioun obefor in compldt paiment of tene //. betuix this and Witsunday nixt to cum 
with intimatioun as obefor that gif he enteris not to his said residence 

and compleitis not the samen thai discharg him of his pentioun and will mak 
na mair paiment tharof and gif he cums and makis the said residence thai sail 
mak him als son as neid is of the said pentioun of x/i. for all the days of his 
lif all fraud and gile auay put — ^XI. 546. 

i6th March, 152^ 

It was thocht expedient be prouest bailzes and sa mony of the consaill as 
was present for the time because thai war informit that my lord of Abirdene was 
nocht to cum afor the sanze and that thar kirk had stand lang desolet of diuyne 
seruice and this haly tyme of Pasche quhilk now approchis to send Thomas 
Menzeis of Petfoddellis and with him thre horse in company to my said lord of 
Abirden to gett a commissioun from him to sum vther bischop to cum and recon* 
seil the said kirk and requirit the prouest to mak expensis thar one and quhat 
expensis beis maid thar one to be allouit to the saide prouest in his first comptis 
notheles the suspendaris of the said kirk being charply persewit for the said 
expensis and the gret iniuris dovne to the said communite quhow soone and incon- 
tinent it be fund quha was the cause of the said kirkis suspending. — XI. 552. 

6th October, 1525. 

The said day the prowest baiUies counsell and communite all in ane voce 
chaigit Dauid Andersoun maister of Sanct Nicholace wark to ddiuer all money 
tymmir stanis lyme and all other thing necessar perteining to the Patroun quhilk 
he hes tharof and that to the reparatioun and wpbiging of thair portis and all 
necessar thingis within the toun for thair defence ofTerand thame to kdp him 
skaithles at al tyme on the quhilk the said Dauid tuik instrument that he wes 
chargit be the haill toun to ddraer the samyn and that it suld nocht tume him 
nor bis ayris tiH na prdudice in tjrmes cumming befor the forsaid witnes and 
BCaister Coppin Scheres and Sir Dauid Loremir not^rts public. — XI. 630. 

loth November, 1525. 

The prouest and bailzeis feit Patry Cuming singar to mak gud and continuell 
seruice in thar queyr baith one holidays and wark day for all the space of fiv 
zeiris for the quhilk he sail haue his met and ij. merkis and ane half zerly to his 
da* and be oblegit be the fiuth in his body to mak gud leill and trew seruice for 
the said space. — ^XI. 647. 



358 APPENDICES. 

13th April, 1596. 

The said day the prouest bailzeis and consaQl gaf grandt and assignit to thar 
sangstar and chorestar Sir Dauid Loremar the fiv inerkis zeiriy of thar royllis quhilk 
Sir Richart Andersone haud of thame in pentioun for all the days of the said Sir 
Dauid liftyme in oompleit aquietatioun and fulfilling of the sovme of tene pundis 
of his zeiriy fee for his gud and drew seruice to be daylie dovne in thar queyr 
and kirk as is expronit at mair lyntht in the act of his conductioun. — ^XI. 704. 

30th April, 1526. 

The said day Besse Birs was in amerciament of court for the strubhuice 
and mispersoning of Sir Wm. Philpson chaplane in word for the quhilk it was 
deviset be the assise that she suld ask him forgivines on hir kneis quhilk she did 
And gif ever she faltit to him in tymes cuming to pay ij. li. wax to the haly bluid 
lycht and be banist the toun. — XI. 7x4. 

30th July, 1526. 

The said day the prouest with the awise of the consall assignit to ther 
oritour and chaplane Sir Rychart Andersone sax merkis of the maill of thar 
flesch howis and four merkis of thar malis of Schedosley togidder with the fyw 
merkis qlk he hes in annuell pensione of thar Wunyr myll liand within the hurt 
of Abirdene in compleit paiment of the sowroe of tene /i. gewyne and assignit to 
him be the said prouest bailxeis oonsaU for all the dais of his lywe for his dailie 
residence and gud seruice to be donne within thar queir at mess matonis and 
ewynsang festuall and feriall dais and wyther seruice use and wont — XIV. 16.' 

X2th October, 1526. 

The said day the prouest and baikeis present in iugment for the tyme statut 
ordanit and commandit that na chaplanis haiCsmd ony anwellis within t^ie said 
hurt of Abirdene suld pund for the samyn at his awin hand and of his awin 
authorite and at na officiar pas with thame or ony ane of thame to pund for the 
annuellis without speciall command of the prouest or baiheeis and als the saidis 
chaplainis schawand thar auctentik euidence one the same afor the prouest and 
baikeis And in speciall hes forbidden and inhibit that nayne of thar oflSdaris 
pas with Mr. Thomas Chalmer curate of Abirdene to pund ane tenement per- 
tenend to Dauid Lame liand in the Unyrkirkgait in the north part of the same 
betuix the land of Umqll Dauid Richartsoun burges of the said hurt one the Est 

^ Cf. XllK SI. 



EXTRACrS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 359 

part the land of chaplainis of the quier of the pariss kirk of Abirdene one the 
West part the kingis gait on the sowth part hot for fyw allanerlie qlk the said 
maister Thomas Chalmer schaw his attentik euidence for ane annuell qlk he 
allagis be hes of the said tenement. ->XIP. 52. 

29th October, 1526. 

The said day provest bailzeis and consall commandit and chargit ther 
maisteris of the kyrk wark to pay Sir Jhone Fif aucht merkis of fee togidder with 
the sevin merkis qlkis be hes of the mid altar in compleit paiment of the sovm of 
tene pondis for his dailye seruice to be maid within ther keyr in all djrwin seroice 
baith festuall dais and feriall dais wsit and wont within the said kyrk. . . . 

Sir John Gumming feed for twenty merks to be paid quarterly.— XIP. 64. 

7th January, 1526-7. 

The said day maister Wm. Meldrum chaplane of Sanct Ninianis altar 
liindit be wmqll his forbear the laird of Fywe protestit solemnly that quhat the 
inquest above writin and in the seruice of Adam Mitchell bemis suld not tume 
the kyrk his patrotoun nor himself as chaplane forsaid to na preiudice bot at he 
mycht haue remeid of law quhen the tyme and place aquerit — XIP. 95. 

« 

ist April, 1527. 

The said day the prouest and the mest part of the conseill convenit in the 
tolboutht thar being oppinly wamit be the hand bell and personaly be thar 
officiaris all in ane wouce consentit and gaf lecenc to Gilbert Robertsone thair 
chorisstar to pass to the skoullis to lair to play one the organis for twa yeres 
and ordanit to mak him thankful! pament of his fee the said tua zeiris for the 
quhilk the said Gilbert oblegit him be the &itht in his body to mak tham a 
zeiris seruice at his first hamecuming for the said tua zeiris fee and to serfe them 
fra then furtht and afor ony wtheris. — XII\ 136. 

14th June, 1527. 

The said day Dauid Bruce ressatuit in iugmient in pns. of prouest bailzies 
consall and communitie ane chaleiss of Sanct Jhone Evangelist contenene xvj. 
vnce and als ressauit xv. vnce of brokin siluer and ordanid him to mak ane 
chalets of xl. vnce that is to say the futt and schaill contenene xxxviij. and the 
patone of the same vj. vnce and that suld caus gif the remanent of the xL vnce of 
siluer forsaid to him to mak the said chaleis. 

lUm^ deliuerit him by my self the xxij. day of Marche anno 1532 to end the 
said challeis three ovnce of fyne siluer and swa it suldcontene in the haill xxxiiij. 
ovDce Dauid Nicholsone. — ^XIP. 179. 



4 



3&> AmNDlCBS. 

I tth October, 1517. 

The said day all the penonis voder writin of thair awin fre modwe will one 
coakit or compellit be ony inaner of penone gaif grantit and promest the soumis 
of money efter following ilk man for ilk sdf to the fumessing and bying of tua 
haill standis of clayth of gold that is to say tua chesc^is four tnnnakillis with 
▼tber small thingts efferaud thaiito to the tua capn of daith of gold thai haue 
gottin and bocht dlis to the deoomdoun and honarii^ of God ovr lady and tibm 
gloriuss patrovn Sanct Nicholas and all diwyneseniioe within thair paras kyrk that 
is to say in the fiist Gilbcft Menaeis piouest tua lifai grit Andvo CuUan aae Vb, 
grit., etc — XllK 25a. 

aoth January, 152 7-8. 

The said day Jhone Crag tuik him to prdf one friday that nyxt cumis that 
he had povar of James CoUisone to delhier a li. grit of Sanct James siluer to ane 
paynfeor to help Id by ane tabenakiU to the said sanct James akar and at he hed 
deliuerit the same to the said payntor one the said James nayme And asour 
WiUeame [Orum] grantet in iugment that ther was ane li: giit of the said sanct 
James siluer in his bandis and oblest him to pa the same in the first si^lp or 
schipis for the deooratioun of the said sanct James altar. — XIP. 309.^ 

9th September, 1528. 

The said day the prowest Bailzeis and counsaill of this guid touun gaiff 
grantit and assignit to ther lowit smgar Patre Cuming the seruice and oflke 
of the clerkschip of the quartar and proffeit of the same qutlk WOliam 
Straquhin ther smgar had of thame ale for he doand and keipand of the same 
wse and wont as hes bene wsit in tymis bigane. — ^XIP. 435. 

15th January, 1528-9. 

The said day It was statute dowisit and ordanit be the haill counsaill present 
for the tyme that Thomas Menzeis of Petfoddellis Dauid Andersoun bailzte 
William RoUand and Maister Androw Tulideff salbe oollectouris to aU the tounis 
feallts singaris baith prestis and derkis And all the feis gewin and asstgnit to 
thame be the toun be put in ane rentell togidder and the same deliuerit to the 
said coUectottris And thai to tak oup the saidieis termelie and kdp the same in 
ane oomond burs aroang thame And the said coUectouris sail haue ane fait buik of 
ther awin and caus tua ch^planis of the said Queir that best kepis goddis seruice 
be some our the halie Ewanlcgelis to writ lelie and trewlie all the fisltis of the 

> Cf. XII». 3x7. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 36I 

said feallis singaris baith of Matenis hey mess Ewinsang And all wther messis 
and seniice thay ar and ar indettit to keip lik as the halybluid mess the mid mess 
Our lady mess and sanct nicolas mess and all wther messis and divine seruice use 
and wont within the said kyrk And at the said coUectouris sail pay the said 
feallis singaris ther feis promittit and assignit to thame be the toun quartertlie 
And that ilk quarter sail cast and luik the fait buik and consider and see quhat 
ilk ane of the said fealis faltes drawis to in the said quartar and thane to alow 
samekle as his said faltis cumis to in the first end of his fee and to pay him the 
remanent tharof thankfulle And the said singaris sail pay for ilk fait lik as is 
contenit in ane statute maid and subscruit with thar awin handis in the buik of 
statutes of the said hurt that is to say ilk fait one the fenall day ijd. and in the 
haly day iiij^. and ilk principall fest day viij^. unforgewin And als quha that 
cummis to the queir and will not sing or beis notit haldand tauik in the tyme of 
the seruice or departis of the queir or the Rnalle end of the seruice sail be reputed 
as absent fra the samyn seruice qlk fait salbe disponit truelie be the awise of the 
prowest hailzeis and counsaill of the said burt.~XIP. 475. 

9th April, 1529. 

Sir William Couper presented to ^e altar of S. Peter on the decease of Master 
David Menzies the last possessor. — XIP. 565. 

8th October, 1529. 

The said day the provost and counsaill findis that sanct nicolas mett has 
bene in vse of paying lang tyme bigane baith of merchandis fremen and 
strangearis and at it ought to be obeit siclik in tymis cuming. — XIP. 694. 

xoth January, 1529-30. 

Process for two annuals belonging to the Chaplains of the Choir,— one for 
ly. 4d. out of the late Dik Litstar's land in the Green and the other for xij^. out 
of the land of the late Andrew Affray in the Gallowgate. — XIP. 741.^ 

6th May, 1530. 

The said day the provest and haill counsaill for the tyme present gaif grantit 
and assignit to the making and giltyne of Sanct J hone the evangelist challeis per- 
tening to the chaplainry and donatioun the first fremanis silver that hapins to be 
maid within this burgh qlk freman maister Dauid Nicholsoun the chaplaine of the 
said altar will accept and tak.— XIP. 810. 

^C/. XIII. 66. 
ZZ 



362 APPENDICES. 

The said day It was commandik deuisit and ordanit be the proroal! batbeis 
aad counsaiU oC this guid tovne present for the tyme all in ane voce that Sir 
Robert Spark ther chaplane and singar within the queir be ekit tua inarkis seirlie 
i& his fee to be pait to him zeirlie of the tovnis piopertie or acddentis* . . . 
— XIP. 8ii. 

14th November, 153a 

The said day Johne Andersoun was convickit in ane lacht of vj. schiUingis 
mjd. to be doublit because he was found in the vedding kirk dur with his bonat 
on his heid quhilk was hallouit place and kirk efter the decemyng of the balzeis 
and the haile court — XIIL 39. 

9th January, 1530-31. 

The bailzeis chargit Johne Pyl to pay Maister Robert Schand tua markis 
and ane half of by run maile of ane chahner pertenyng to his chapknry of Sanct 
Annis altar and to deliver him the key of the said chalmer within zxiiij. houris 
and failzeing thereof to pay him the nixt termes maile and ordanit the officiaris 
to pas and poynd for the said by run mailis. — XIIL 65.^ 

Process by Sir William Ray, chaplain of the altar of St. Christopher for an 
annual rent out of land on the N. side of the Gallowgate between the land of the 
late Alexander Buk on the S. the land of the late Robert Smith on the N. and 
the king's highway on the £. and W. — XIIL 66. 

Process by Mr. Robert Menzes, chaplain of S. Leonard's altar, for an 
annual rent of two marks out of land on the W. side of the Gaistraw between 
the land of Gilbert Malison and Alexander Rutherford on the N. and that of 
Duncan Fergussoun on the S. — ^XIII. 67. 

17th November, 1531. 

The said day the provest and counsaill conducit and fdt Patrik Cnmyng 
singar to sing within the queir in mateins hie mess and evinsang and all wther 
diuine seruice within the kirk vse and wont aye and qll the said Patrik be pie- 
movit to the order of prestheid and that for tene merkis zeirlie of fee and his 
dalie meit . . . — ^XIII. 284^ 

2ist October, 153s. 

The bailzeis chargit Willeam Rolland in iugment to fulfill his part of the 
contract maid betuix vmqll Willeam Rolland his fader and the smyths of this 
guid tovun tuching the vestment to Sanct Cloyis altar thar patrovun of the dait 
the xiij. day of August the zeir of God ane thousand five hundret xxyj. zeiis And 

1 C/. XIII. 74. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 363 

to bring the said vestment conforme to the said contract in the first and eiest 
schpie that passis furth of Abirden to Flanderis firathin fiirt and retumis agane 
to Abirdene. — ^XIV. 31. 

iSth January, 1532-3. 

Item^ the hale tovn being conueint as said is all in ane voce dischargtt all 
thair singaris in thair queir that hes feis of thame and thair commond guid fray 
die pwificacioun of our lady caHit Candilmess nixt cumis and of all proffeds tha 
haue of thame for thair dementis bigane done to God and tham during the 
tovnis will except Sir Andro Coupar that is an agit man and hes bene ane aid 
seruand to the tovun on the quhilkis the prouest tuik instrument. — ^XIV. 76. 

3rd May, IS33- 

The said day thir personis vnder writin that is to say Gilbert Menzeis 
prouest Andro CuUan Thomas Menzeis Dauid Andersoun Alex. Rutherfurd and 
Johnn Blak ar content to gif thair louit seruitour Andro Lame for his dalie guid 
seruice within thair quere at all diuine seruice ilk ane of thame ane dais meit in 
the owik on to the tyme he be better prouidit that is to say the prouest Sonday 
Thomas Menzeis Monnonday Dauid Andersoun Tuisday Andro Cullane 
Vednisday Watt Cullan Fruisday Johnn Blak Friday and Andro Durty Setterday. 
—XIV. 177. 

1 2th December, 1533. 

The said [day] the Counsale present for the tyme all in ane voce concordand 
deuisit and ordained all the takismen of the watteris of this guid toun to pay and 
deliuer zdrlie at the natiuite of our lord callit zowill the lichtis of wax to the 
honor of god our lady and thar patroun Sanct Nicholace conforme to the auld 
vse and consuetud that is to say euery takisman of the raik and done thre lichtis 
euery takisman of the midchingill tua lichis euery takisman of the Pot furdis and 
auchand part of ane saxt part of the cruffis ane licht weyane ilk licht half ane 
lib with thar avin mark on the same to be gevin to the lichtis of the altaris of 
our lady croce in the loft and Sanct Nicholace And to ressaue thar stump agane 
zeirlie and mak and gif thar candill at zowill as said is in all times cuming con- 
forme to the auld vse and consuetued. — ^XIV. 323. 

Sthjune, 1534. 

Action by Mr. Thomas Chawmer Curate of Aberdeen and Chaplain of S. 
Katherine's altar for an annual of 13^. 4^ out^of land on the N. side of the 
Castlegate formerly belonging to Robert Blynschele and now to Patrick Forbes. 
~XIV. 390. 



364 APPENDICES. 

19th June, 1534. 

The said day the prouest bailzeis and counsale of this guid torun present 
for the tyme conducit and feit Robert Zovung singar to sing and kdp all diuine 
seruice within the queir and kirk vse and vont except thai licenc him fra the 
mateins on feruele dais he keipand the skuyll qll he be suffidentle instructit 
in grammer for the qlkis seruice the said provest bailzeis and counsale sail con* 
tent and pay the said Robert zeirlie at tua termes in the zeir vitsonday and 
roertimes fourty schilltngis scottis be tua equale portionis togidder with his dalie 
meit. . . . — XIV. 402. 

27th November, 1534. 

Action by Mr. Thomas Chalmer Chaplain of the Lady Altar for an annual 
of ss. out of Crynis croft lyand in the territory of Futy. — XIV. 484.^ 

1 6th August, IS3S- 

The said day Geoige Baxter writ obleigit him to enter to Sanct [Nicholas] 
work on Vednisday cum aucht dais nixt cumis and remane tharat and fulfil the 
same conforme to his conductioun for his avtn part vnder the pane of xls. to 
Sanct Nicholace vark. — XIV. 624. 

27th April, 1536. 

The bailzie ordanit the ofiiceris to i^as with the clerkis of the kirk and pund 
all personis induellaris the said burgh awand thame thar feis sa far as thai grant 
and roak thame to be pait of the same and quham that denyis thar duyteis to 
▼arne thame to ane court day and he sail do the said clerkis iustice. — XV. 135. 

12th October, 1537. 

The said day the consell hes dischargit all the singaris at ar the fealis for 
causis mowing thame qll thai be forder awysit and hes commandit M. A^ Tulidef 
the dene of gyld to nane of thame quhill he get neto command of the prowest 
and consell.— XV. 428. 

Eodem die. 

The prowest bailzeysis and consell statutis and ordanis that the personis 
aboun wryten [46 names given] pass with Sanct Nicholace breid quhen thai ar 
wamit be the secrestanis seruandis or hym self at thar housis thai beand at hame 
and not seyk And quhat that dissobeyis the secretane prewand his warnyng he 

1 C/. XIV. 494. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 365 

sell pay als mekill to Sanct Ntcolace wark as the bred siluer drew to the last 
sonday afor And gyf the secrestar prewis not his warning he sell pay als mekil 
siclik as the bred to the sonday follow. — XV. 432. 

23rd November, 1537. ' 

The said day the prowest and covnsell present for the tyme chargit and 
commandit Dauid Andersoun maister of the kirkwark to tak downe the wast 
gawil dur of the kirk quhen he thinkis tyme and to byg the same agane of new in 
the best maner with the radiast stanis that pertenis to the said kirk and with the 
radiast money he hes or gettis to fumeis the same. — XV. 479. 

28th January, 1537-8. 

James be the grace of God king of Scottis to the provest and baizes of our 
hurt of Aberdene greting forsemekill as It is humely menit and schawin to us 
be our louit oratour and cheplane maister Robert M*Keson cheplane of the 
cheplanrie of Halyblud altar within the paroche kirk of Aberdene That quhair 
he hes xr. of annel rent money of our realm pertening to him as patrimony and 
property of his sayd cheplanrie to be takin vp zeirly of ane land lyand within the 
chakkirraw of our said hurt on the south syd therof betuix the land of Sanct 
Bastianis altar on the est part the land of Maister Thomas Annand on the southe 
part the land of Walter Cullane on the vest part and the he get of our said 
burght on the northt part And the said Maister Robertis predecessoris and he 
hes bene in use and possessione thairof in tymes bygane past memor man 
Quhill now laitly Williame Chesem heretabill possessour of the sayd land for the 
tyme wald mak the sayd maister Robert no payment of his sayd annuell thairof 
nor zit suffir the occupiaris of the ground to do the same And to stoyp him 
fira payment the said Wm. Chesolm hes laitly befor the last fest of Mertimes 
sauld the said land to Robert Indeaucht buiges of our said burght quhill inlikwys 
wyll mak the said maister Robert na payment of his said annuel thairof without 
he be compellit as is allegit Our will is theirfor and we charge zov stiaitly and 
commandis.that in contenment that our lettres sene ze call bayth the saydis 
partiis befor zou and tak cognittoun quhat possessioun the sayd maister Robert 
Makesonis predecessoris and the cheplains of the sayd cheplanrie hes bene in 
of the said annuell as patrimony and property therof in tymes bygane past 
memorie of man And as beis fundin that ze keip and defend the said maister 
Robert in siclyk possessioun . . . Gewin under our signet At Edinburght the 
xiii. day of December and of our regine the xxv. zeir. 

The said day the prowest and balzeis findis be Inquisitioune and cognitioune 



g 



566 APPBMDICE& 

tikin be thwiie thit nmiifeer Robert llakinonit 
Menchdl «nd maitfeer Dauid llakeaoune cheplaDis of the HalyUud altar 
the paroche kirk of Aberdene hes bene in poasesstonn of teoe s, of anniiell 
of the land within wiytin as patrimony and propirty of the said altarage thir 
mony seiris bygane and ordanis the said maister Robert and his successoris 
cheplains therof to be kepit in siclik possessioun as his predecessouris ay and 
quhill he be lauchtfuUy callit and ordourly put therfra And gif nyd beis thai 
ordane thair officiaris to pound and distrenze for the same for all termes bygaxie 
and to cum quhill be be ordourly remowit therfra as said is. — XV. 528-9. 

28th April, 1539. 

The said day the haill towne beyng vamit to this day be thair bell man pnss- 
and throcht thair rewis and the maist parte thairof beyng conwenit within the 
tolbuitht and thai beyng drculy inquirit be Dauid Anderaone balae gaif grantit 
and assignit the altarage of Sanct Peter within thair paioche kirk of Sanct 
Nicholaoe vacand in thair handis be the deceite of vmquhile Schir Wiileuiie 
Coupar to ane venerable clark Maister James Menses persone of Dannottcr 
for all the dais of his lyftyme for the reparatioun and byggyng of the tenementis 
and landis pertening to the said altarage and for to wesy and se thair daily 
seruice dewyne within thair queyr and caus the same be ordourit and ke^ to 
the honour and plesur of God in the best sort he can dewyse and oidanit 
Thomas Menses thair piouest to present him to the same and aeiU his pie- 
sentatioim and gyft with thair commound seill on the quhilkis Mr. Robert 
Menses his procuratour tuk nott and instrument vytness Mr. Andiow Tulidaf 
Mr. Johne Goidone John Arthur and Maisteris Johne Nicholsone and Johae 
Hay notaris publik And the prouest of his benevolence proraittit to the town 
that he said caus the said Mr. James to reftmd and pay yeiriie die socme of ten 
pundis 10 ane syngar for daly seruice widiin thair queyr. — ^XVI. 239. 

26th April, 154a 

The said day the prowest bailies deoemyt and ordanit maistier Thomas 
Chalmer curate of Abirdene cheplane of Sanct Kathereines altar to be obeyt 
and ansurit of and his successoris dieplains of the sayd ahar of ane annodl rent 
of rs. sootds to be optatakin zeiriy of the landis lyand in the grene pe rt ening 
the quhyt freiris betuix the den bum on the west the kingis gayttis on the est and 
northt partis and the said freiris yard on the southt to the quhilk the procurator 
of the saidis freiris consentit and assentit for stopping of the dome ci propirty 
persewit be hym of ane vast land wytin the saidis merchis And ordanis hym to 
be payit of thre termes bygane on payit and mur gif he ma preyf it — ^XVI. 508* 



EXTRACTS FROM THE R1|GISTER OF TQWN COUNCIL. ^jfilj 

3rd February, 1 541-2. 

The said day the prowest bailies and consell with consentt and at the desyir 
of the maisteris of kirkwark feit and conducit thair seniitour Robert Wschertt 
for the mending of all the holis of the kirk vindois zeirly during all the dais of 
his lyf And promyttit hym yrfor zeirly thre merkis to be payit be the said 
maisteris of wark at Wytsounday and Mertimes be equall portiones sua that the 
said vndois be not broken extending attour ane futt of glace and gif it beis mair 
nor a fut of glace in ane place to be pait yrfor by his fe extending to his lauboris 
the said maisteris of vark fundand hym leddiris irn and lym to the mending yrof 
and als thai ordane to gif him iiij. merkis for this zeir becaus thai considderit his 
gryt lauborrowis maid yrapoune. — ^XVII. 92.^ 

23rd February, 1541-2. 

The said day the prowest bailies and counsell present for the tyme gaif 
grantytt and consentytt and assignitt to the craftismen vnder wrythin that is to 
say wrythis and masonis of the said burght frely lycence to repair and byg thar 
altar callit Sanct Johnne the Baptistis alter within the parroche kyrk of Aberdene 
and to decoir the samyn in the maist honest maner with all maner of acddentis 
that maybe had of thar said craft in tyme cumynge providing all wayis that the 
gift of the said alter remane with the tovne notwithstanding this gift. — XVII. 113. 

1 8th September, 1544. 

The saide day the hale consale being convenit togidder hes ordanit and feit 
Sir Jhone Fethy to be ane of the prebenderis of the queir and to haif the organis 
and saog schole for instructioun of the menners of gude bamis and keeping of 
thaim in gude ordor and he to mak continuale residence In the said queir for 
the qlk thai haif gifen him xx^'. zerlie of fee to be thankfullie payit to him 
zerlie salang as he remains and makkis gude seruice to the tovne and that of the 
of the commoun gude. — ^XVIII. 253. 



ist December, 1544. 

The said day maister Johnne Gordoun allegit in Jugement that he hed ane 
commissioun of his maister the lietennentis to tak cognitioun vpoun the hinging 
of the Image of Sanct Franceis and quhome he fand culpabill tharof to put 
thame in the baizes handis in keiping on to the tyme that Justice wer done vpoun 
thame yrfor as the law requirit and that he be vertue yrof hed takin cognitioun in 

» C/. XVIL X74. 



368 APPENDICES. 



the said matter and that wes verefyit and knawin to him that Thomas Blanche 
and Thomas Cussing wes tua of thame that wes hingaris of the said Image and yrfor 
deliuerit thame in Jugement to the baillies forsaid and requirit thame in the hue- 
tennentis name to keip thame in ferme securite and ward qll Justice might be 
done on thame yrfor be the said liutennent or his deputis as thai wald ansuer to 
the leutennent yrupoun and yreftir the said baizes requirit all the four offictaris in 
iugement to Intromett with the said tua personis and deliuerit thame to the said 
officiaris in Jugement and requirit thame to keip the said personis in ward in the 
tolbuyth as thai wald anser to thame and the toune yrupoun and gif thai misterit 
ony mair help thai suld be supportit as thai misterit and requirit on the qlks thai 
tuk Instruments and actis of court. — XVIII. 520. 

iSth July, 1546. 

The said day the counsale and baibeis present for the tyme decemit and 
ordinit Sir Jon Futhy maister of thair Sang skull to joist and possess the said 
skuill And to haue the haill raiment and teching of the bamis yrof togidder 
with thair organis in thair parroche kirk conforme to this conducioun yrto be the 
tovun and dischargit all utheris of the said skuill and oiganis except the said Sir 
John and his techaris vnder him to be nominit and input be him as thinkis 
expedient. — XIX. 163. 

26th August, 1546. 

The said day the bailzeis and counsale present for the tyme ordinit Dauid 
Andersoun thair maister of kirk wark to send to Sanctandrowis for ane plumbar 
to reforme and mend the ^Itis of thair kirk and ordinis that quhat expensis |he 
gevis ane seruand to pas for the said plumbar and als quhat be gevis the said 
plumbar for his travill heir gif he agreis nocht with him one the wark and gif he 
agreis quhat expensis he makis thairupoun to be alovit thankfully to him in his 
next comptis. — ^XIX. 195. 

1 8th April, 1547. 

♦ 

The said day it is deuisit and ordinit be the counsale that tha pas with thair 
curat and chaplane of Sanct Michaellis altar of the said burgh to the said altar 
one Sonday nixt cumis and consider the vestmentis and omamentis thairof and 
quhat it wantis necessar thairto tha ordand the same to be maid thairto one the 
tovnis expensis. —XIX. 322. 

The said day it is deuisit statutit and ordinit be the bailzeis and counsale 
for keiping of the glassin vindokis of their kirk and the sklatis of thair luge that 
quhatsumener personis yovng men seruandis bamis or craftismen brakis ony of 



EXTRACTS FROM THE ft£G!STBR OF TOWN COUNCIL. 369 

the said vyndokis of the kirk or queir or sclatis that thair faderis or maisteris 
sail ansuer therfor and reforme and mend the same agane on thair avin expensis 
on the qlk Dauid Andersoun maister of the kirk wark tuik act of court. — XIX. 
322. 

8th October, 1547. 

The said day the prouest and bailzeis dischargit all thair feallis within thair 
queir of all feis thai bane of the tovne during the tovnis vill and ordinit thair 
denis of gild that tha pay nane of tham ony fee in tyme cumyng quhill tha gif 
tham new command thairto agane. — ^XIX. 407. 

iSth April, 1550. 

The said day the counsale ordinit all the chaplanis of the tovnis fundationis 
to be vartiit to comper afor thame the morne in the chaptour of thair parroche 
kirk and bring with thame euery ane for thame self the challesis vestimentis and 
omamentis thairof to be sane be thame that tha may caus mak inuintour thairof 
to be keipit to the vsis of the altaragis thairof in tymes cuming. — XX. 403. 

8th August, 1850. 

The said day the tovun beyng conuenit as said is Maister John Kennedy 
resignit and ouigaif his office of the bellis of the tovn in the said tounis handis 
in favouris of Andro Malisoun sone to Gilbert MaUsone burges of the said burgh 
condidonaly that is to say the promeise and prouisioun of Sanct John the 
Evangelist altar within the paroche kirk of Abirdene maid to him abefor be 
the prouest bailzeis and counsale of this guid tovun quhen it hapnit to vaik 
being obseruit and keipit to him and for that a|use he resignit the said office 
(^ secrastary and bellis in the said tovnis handis and vthervais nocht Aod 
thairefter the tovun being conuenit as said is gaif the said office of bellis and 
secrastary to the said Andro during his liftym. . . . — XX. 457. 

4th October, 1555. 

The said day the counsell hawand consideratioune that Sir Robert Bynne 
cheplane and singor in thair queir is vesiit be the hand of God with infirmitee 
in his ene quhair throw he is becum blynd and that he maid gude continuell 
seruice in tymis bigan as lang as he wes habill Thairfor thai all in ane woce 
consentis and assentis that he haf his aid fee that is to say aucht markis wsuaill 
money of Scotland togidder with his clerkship quhilkis he had for his fee and 
seruice obefor for all the dais of his lif but ony impediment or gane calhng And 

AAA 



370 APPENDICES. 

forther that the nobiU and honest men of the toiine support him of thair awin 
guidnes at thair plesour and discretioune quhiU God restoir him to his sjcht and 
habiUte.— XXII. i66. 

14th October, 1555. 

The said day the prouest and bafllies oidanis Gilbert Collisoun maister of 
Sanct Nicholace wark to ddyuer to Patrik Menzeis and Alexander Chawmer 
denis of gild the girt ime kirk styill to be applyit to the ime wark necessar of the 
tdbuith. . . .—XXII. 175. 

13th December, 1555. 

The said day the baillies ordanit Maister Thomas Annand chaiplane of 
Sanct Jhonne the Ewangellist alter situate within thair paroche kirk of Abirdene 
to the quhilk the toune ar patronis of his awin grant and consent in judgement 
to bring and exhibit befor the counsell in thair nixt heid court to be hald in the 
xiij. of Januar ane litill chalice and ane mekiU new chalice of siluer pertening to 
the said chaplanrie to be vesiit be the counsell and to remayne for seruing of the 
said alter within the said kirk in firmance and keipyng becaus he hes absoitit the 
same thir diuerse zeiris bygane. — XXII. 209. 

17th July. 1556. 

The said day the counsell beand convenit within the consel hors decemit 
and ordanit that Alexander Rutherfurd aucht and suld be obeyit and ansurit in 
tyme cumyng induring the yeiris of his assedatioune off Sanct Nicholaoe mett 
baith of strengeans and nychtbouris of this toune lyk as he hes bene in tyme 
bygane vse and vont obefor conform to the aid statut maid thairwpoun. — 
XXII. 371. 

i6th November, 1556. 

The said day Johnne Blak cheplane in the queir of the paroche kirk of 
Abirdeine and maister of the sang scuyil thairof exponit to the bailies and ane 
part of the counsell present for the tym in jugement quhow that the haill Ixethir 
of the queir and college forsaid being chepdourlie conuenit affennit obefoir in 
presens of the prouest baillies and haUl consell that thair is certane roumes and 
places vacand amangis thame for qualifeit persenis to be resauit and admittit 
therto be the auyse of the saidis prowest baillies and consell And the said Schir 
Johne in name of the haill brether forsaid presentit in jugement to the baillies 
in name of the towne Maister Andrew Gray as ane cunning and qualefeit per* 
seune to be admittit be thame to ane place amangis the said brethtr of the 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 37 1 

college forsaid quhome the saidis baillies and consell present for the tyme 
admittit therto be keipand dayly and continuall seruice in the said queir con- 
fonne to the first erectioune and institutioune tharof. — XXII. 441. 



26th April, 1557. 

The said day the court wardis and schavis for law, and it wes gewin for 
.dome that Maister Eduard Menzeis cheplane of the mid alter in ^e organ loft 
sitiiat within the parroche kirk of Abirdene hes provin sufficientlie that he and 
Schir Johnne Fyff his predecessour as cheplanis of the said chaplanrie was in vse 
and possessioun of paiment and vptaking of ane zeirlie annuel rent of xL/. wsuall 
money of Scotlande ofi* ane land liand in the Grene on the south part therof 
merchand uith the land of the qwyt freiris on the eist part and the land of 
[ ] one the west pairt pertening sum tyme to Margaret Low and now per- 

tening to Johnne Bane quharfor the prouest and baillies forsaid decemit and 
oidanit the said Johnne Bane as heretour therofi* to refound contend and pay to 
the said Edward as cheplane forsaid the said annuel rent of xL/. money forsaid. — 
XXIL 542. 

8th October, 1558. 

The said day in presens of the prowest bailies and Counsell of Abirdene con- 
uenit in the chepdour howss within the paroche kirk of the said burght the hayll 
cheplanis of the said kirk consentit and grantit to gyf to Rechert Reid singar the 
commounds of the stall now vacand quhilk Maister James Chowner had obefor 
the tym he wes maister of thair grammar schuill and ordanis Maister Eduard 
Menzes collectour to ansuer the said Rechert thairof of all termes bygane, sen 
the said stall and place wes found vacand ; and the counsell forsaid obleist thaim 
to stand concur and assist with the saids cheplaniss in the defens of the pley 
mowit be the said Maister James for his pretendit tytill of the said stall befor 
quhatsumeuer juge spirituall and temporall. — ^XXIII. 36. 

1 6th June, 1559. 

The said day the cheplainis of Sanct Nicolas parroche kirk of Abirdene 
compeirit for the maist pairt befoir the prouest and baillies of the said burght within 
the tolbuitht and presentit ane bill and supplicatioune in wrytt makand mentione 
That quhair thai ar siurly aduertist and is notowrly knauin That certane personis 
In to the southt partis of Scotland hes interpryssit At thair awin handis without 
ony ordor or consent of the authorite to distroy kirkis religious places and th^ 



372 APPBHOICES. 

ornamentis and polacie of the same Thairfor desjmnd the prouesl baiUies 
and consell to proryd the easiast way of remeid as thai sell think guid for defend- 
ing and roentenyng of thair said parroche kirk and piesenring of the dialioes 
siluer wark kaippis and ornamentis of the same And to put the same in suir 
firmance and keiping Quhill the said vproir and tumult was put to tranquilite 
be the antient and wyse counsel! of the realme. Quhilk bill being red and the 
contentis yrof vnderstand and considderit the haill ooonsdl thocht expedient to 
transport the tounis euidentis forth of the kirk And sidik the grit occryst 
chalices siluer wark And the maist coistty ornamentis of the kirk And to pot the 
same in suir (irmance and keiping and ane Inventor to be maid yropoone And 
to intromett preserue and keip the townis euidentis nemit and cheaet Thomas 
Menzies prouest Dauid Mar Maister Patric Ruyerfurd and Walter Cullane 
Quhilkis acceppit the said cuir and charge apone thame And to intromett widi 
the said siluer wark kaipis and ornamentis nemit and chesit Gilbert Menzeis 
elder Gilbert Collisone Maister George Myddiltoune and Gilbert Malisone 
Quhilkis acceppit the said cuir and charge vpon thame To be randeiit and 
restoirit agane Quhen the prouest Bailies and counsell thinkis expedient the same 
be done. — XXIII. 17a. 

3rd July, ISS9- 

The said day the provest bailies and consell admyttit Maister Johnne Hen- 
nerson maister of thar grammar scuill to the cheplanry of Sanct Michadis altar 
vithin the parroche kirk of Abd. being at thar dispoune and donatioun as patronis 
yrto and being in thair handis throw deces of Maister Johnn Watson last pos- 
sessor and cheplane yrofT l)e making seruice at the said altar conlbrme to the 
fundatioune and vsyng the office as maister of the said scuill and no vder wys 
and ordanis ane presentatioune to be gewin him thairupoun vnder the tovnis 
secreit seall. — XXIII. 183. 

14th July, 1559. 

The baillies ordanis the officiars to pass with Mayster Hector Myrtoune 
cheplan of the Magdalin altar situate within the paroche kirk of Abirdene, and 
assist and concur with him in poynding and distrenzeing of ane tenement of land 
within the yard and lichowss thairof lyand in the Greyne in the rew passand lira 
Sanct Nicolas kirk to the quhyt freirs on the eyst syd thairof perteining to 
wmquhill Patre Johnnson litster now occupyt be Alexr. Gray mason for ane 
yeirly annuel rent of elvin shillings usuall money of Scotland, awand to the said 
Maister Hector as cheplan forsaid of tua termesimmediatly bygane. — ^XXIII. 188. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 373 

i8th August, 1559. 

The baillies decern Maister Eduard Menzes collector to the chaplanis of S. 
Nicholas kirk to receive six marks out of John Durty's land on the south side of 
the Castigate. — XXIII. 205. 

4 30th October, 1559. 

Sir John Blak and Sir John CoUison chaplains for themselves and the other 
chaplains of the Quire desire that the kirk and queir be patent to them so that 
they may perform divine service, etc — XXIII. 244. 

22nd November, 15J9. 

Order to the master of Kirkwork to mend the windous and leid thak of the 
kirk and to prop the roof of the north aisle meantime until it can be repaired. — 
XXIII. 245. 

29th December, 1559. 

The burgesses warned by the provost, Thomas Menzies, that he is advised 
that certain Meams and Angus men are to be in town this day to destroy and cast 
down the kiiks and religious places, and requesting their assistance to prevent 
any such action. — XXIII. 251. 

4th January, 1559-60. 

David Mar, one of the baillies, explains to the whole town assembled in 
head court that certain strangers had spulzeit the places of the Black and White 
friars and were removing the lead and timber work, and asking if it was the 
mind of the meeting that these things should be reserved for the common good 
of the burgh. Consent given and Mar appointed treasurer. — ^XXIII. 253. 

8th January, 1559-60. 

A watch of four persons appointed while the religious houses are being 
dismantled. 

Protest by the provost and others against using the lead, etc., of these houses 
for the common purposes of the town, and counter protest by the baillies and 
others. 

Four persons appointed to receive and keep the chalices, silver work and 
ornaments of the parish church until such time as it is determined how they arc 
to be disposed of. — XXIII. 256. 



374 APPENDICES. 

lath January, 1559-60. 

The keepers of the silver work admit having received certain silver work 
according to an inventory subscribed by Mr. Robert Lumsden and die town 
clerk, Mr. John Kennedy. 

Further protest by Thomas Menades provost and others against the oommuiuty 
intromitting for the common uses of the town with any portion of die kirk 
property or of that belonging to any of the religious houses within the buigh. — 
XXIII. 359. 

13th January, 1559-60. 

New appointment of keepers of the silver work according to inventory as 
follows : — 

Item^ inprimis, the eucharyist of four pound and tuo unce of siluer ; iiam, 
ane chalice of our lady of pity in the wowlt, nyntene unce ; Uem^ our lady chalice 
of the sowth yill, nyntene vnce and ane quart vnce ; iie$H^ Sanct Peteris chalice 
fyftene vnce and ane half-vnce ; item^ tuo pair of censuris of ttethy aucht wnoe, 
togidder witht four crowattis and ane litill schip of saztene vnce and ane half; 
item^ ane chalice of Sanct Johnne the Ewangelist, thretty unce and ane half vnoe ; 
iiem^ the hospitall chalice sewintene vnce and ane half; iiem^ our lady dialioe of 
brig cheppell, tuenty unce ; item^ Sanct Duthakis chalice tuelf wnoe and ane 
quarter wnce; iUm^ Sanct Nicolas chalice thretty nyne vnce and ane half 
vnoe; iUm^ Sanct dementis chalice, tene vnce and ane quart vnce; iUm^ 
the Ruid chalice saxten vnce, all of siluer ; item^ ane keipe, ane chesabill, witht 
two tynnakillis haill foumist with reid weluet, flourit and indentit with gold ; iiem^ 
ane kaip of fyne claytht of gold ; item^ ane kaip of clay tht of gold fresit with reid 
veluott ; item^ ane kaip and chesapill witht tynnakillis haill fumist of gold fresit 
on grene veluott; item^ tuo keipis of reid veluott, orpheist uith gold. — ^XXIII. 
263. 

19th January, 1559-60. 

The officers to pass with Sir John Collisoun, chaplain of the Lady Altar, the 
patronage of which belongs to the town, and distrain for all annual rents due to 
the chaplainry. — ^XXIII. a66. 

3oth February, 1559-60. 

Similar assistance by the officars to be given to all the chaplains of Sanct 
Nicholas parroche kirk so that the rents due them may be collected. — XXIII. 
285. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 375 

nth October, 1560. 

The said day the consell modifiit Dauid Marris fewmaiil of Sanct Johnnis 
croft haldin of the cheplane of Sanct lohnnis cheplanrie within the parroche kirk 
of Abd. to the quhilk the toune ar patronis to the sowm^ of four poundis to be 
payt to the said cheplane in name of few and to his successouris And ordanis 
the keyparis of the townis commound seall to seall the said Dauidis few chartour 
maid thairupoune. — XXIV. 22.^ 

9th December, 1560. 

The said day Dauid Mar and Gilbert Menzeis elder grantit thame to haue 
resauit fra Gilbert Collisone xviij. brassin chandlaris qlk stud one one the lang 
hers in the queir of Sanct nicholace parroche kirk Tua gryt chandlaris of Sanct 
Nicholas hie altar with the sacrament chandlar The gryt chandlar of brass with 
the thre floris Ane pillar of brass with the Imagis and thre cattis and vther 
grayth therof Item^ ane lawar of brass vj. Ime chandlaris with the fuitt of brass 
of the Myd lettrane Sa mony lawaris and throthis of brass as war left vnstowin 
And the water fatt of brass with the qlkis the said gilbert intromettit with in 
keiping obefor And deliuerit the same to the saidis Dauid and Gilbert 
thesauraris of the toun At command of the Counsell. — XXIV. 67. 

loth March, 1 560-1. 

The said day the prouest and baillies Gave command to the four officiaris 
to pass with Maister Gilbert Murray patrone of Sanct Saluatoris cheplanrie within 
the parroche kirk of Abirden And with the cheplane thairof And hair thame 
witnes in poynding and distrenzeing for all anndrentis perteining to the said 
cheplanrie of quhatsumeuer landis and croftis lyand within this burght and 
freedome thairof. — ^XXIV. 147. 

26th January, 1561-2. 

The said day the haill toun beand lauthfully wamit to this day to heir and 
se the silu&r wark brasin wark keippis and omamentis of thair parroche kirk ropit 
and the same to be sauld and disponit to thame that vill offer maist for th^ same 
and the money gottin for the samyn to be applawdit to the commond weill and 
necessar adois of this guid toun quhiikis being ropit conforme to the Invintor 
r^;istrat in the buikis obefoir diueris tymes be oppin proclamatioun and diuersis 
and sindry offeraris for the same lauchfull tym of day being biddin and detfull 
ordour vsit in sic caises being obseruit The grytest sovme offerit for the same 

1 C/. XXIV. 87. 



37^ APPENDICES. 

wes ane hundretht fourtie tua pound be Patrik Menzes for the ketppis jx]s. 
for ilk mce of tiluer xvj^. for ilk stane of brass extending in the bail! to the 
sovme of Ffwt hundretht xLb*. money of Scotland Quhairfar the haill toan con- 
senttt and aasentit to deliuer the said stluer wark keippb bres and omamentb 
ooatenit in the Invintor fonaid to the said Patrik of the prices forsaid And 
ordanis the money tharof to be deliuerit to the thesaurer to be applyit for the 
commond veill and necessar adois of this guid toun as the haill commonitie sail 
think expedient — XXIV. 339.* 

t6th March, 1561-3. 

The baillies decemtt Sir William Walcar to deliuer Patre Menzes as 
Thesaurar In name of the haill toun of Abirdene the geir and gwidis vnder 
wrytin That is to say ane croce of siluer the forckytht of the hie alter km 
coddis of weluot tua blak and tua reid ane arress hed ane siluer spune the xaon 
stand, and siclyk ordanis Gilbert Collysone to deliuer the said Patre the beriall 
within xxiiij. houris. — XXIV. 381. 

8th May, 156s. 

The said day the haill toun being convenit for the maist part within the tol- 
buyth be sound of the band bell representand the haill body of the toun consentit 
grantit and ordanit that the haill mony gotten for the siluer wark brassin wark 
keipis and omamentis of thair parroche kirk being in the handis of Patrik Mentes 
thesaurar to the toun presentlie be disponit and applyit vpoun the biging and re- 
stauratioun of the peir and keyheid of the said burght and of the brig of done and 
of the arteilzery and munitioune perteining to the toun and the said money nor na 
part thairof to be applyit to na uther use. • . . — XXIV. 430. 



xath March, 1562*3. 

The baillies ordanis the four otfidaris to pass with Sir Johnne Collysone 
coUecter to the cheplanis of the parroche kirk of Abirdene And poynd and 
distrenze all die inhabitantis within this burght and freedome thairof for thair 
mallis few maillisand annuell rentis awand to thame of all zeiris and termes bigane 
conforme to our soverane ladeis letteris directit tharupoune And mak the saidis 
cheplanis to be payit without ony forther delay. — XXIV. 627. 

^ The purchase was made on behalf of the town. C/. XXIV. 381. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE REGISTER OF TOWN COUNCIL. 377 

Sth May, 1564. 

The said day anent the supplicatioun gewin in and presentit to the counsall 
of the said burgh be James Huntar dekyne for this zeir to the smyths and hem- 
mermen of this burght desyrand commissioune to be grantit to thame to collect 
the annuelrentis profTeitis and emolumentis of the cheplanry of sanct eloy within 
the parroche kirk of Abirdene qlk thai all^e was dotat and fundit be thair pre- 
decessoris craftismen forsaid now vacand be deces of Sir Johnne Goldsmytht last 
cheplane tharof To the effect that the saidis fruittis and annuelrentis of the said chep- 
lanry ma be disponit and applyit to the support of the puir brether of thair craft 
quhill ane generall ordour be maid be the authorite in sic caisses And speciallie 
becaus the said Sir Johnne last cheplane tharof in his necessitie and indigence 
sauld and disponit sum euidentis and titillis of the said annuelrentis perteining to 
the said chaplanry to the heretable possessoris of the landis . . . Quhilk being 
considerit and vnderstand be the haill consell present for the maist part all in ane 
voce gaiff power mandat and commissioune In respect that thai ar patrownis to 
the said chaplanry to the said James Huntar deykine forsaid to collect and resaiff 
the emolumentis and annuelrentis of the said cheplanry aisweill of the landis 
quhairof thai haue annuellis be euidentis as be attentick vse and possessione in 
tyme bipast be ressone of the distructioune and delapidatioune of the titillis and 
euidentis thairof be the said wmquhill Sir Johnne Prowyding that qlk is coUectit 
be distributit be the awyse of the said counsall. . • . — ^XXV. 270. 

2nd October, 1564. 

The said day the baillie chaigit Margarat Schip^rt to pay Sir Johnn Col- 
lysoun as cheplane of Sanct Stewinis altar sumtym cituat within the paroche kirk 
of Abirdene the sowm of sax schillingis viij^. vsuall money of Scotland And that 
for ane zeirly annuelrent of ane land occupeit be hir lyand in the schipraw per- 
tening to umquhill Alexr. Donaldson betuix the land of umquhill Androw Wryht 
on the south part the land of Thomas Blinschell on the northt part . . . — XIII. 

222.* 

4th June, 1567. 

The said day Thomas Menzeis, prowest Maister Robert Lumysden Maister 
Geoige Myddeltoune Maister Thomas Finny Robert Menzes Johnne TullydefT 
Dauid Andersone Dauid Indeacth and Androw Huntar quhilkis wer chosyn 
taxtaris obefoir be the communite of this gude tovne to stent ane taxatioune vpon 
the nychtbouris and inhabitantis thairof to be applyitt and disponitt on the 

* This entry is bound up along with several others in the wrong volume, 

BBB 



378 APPENDICES. 

betting mending and reforming and menteining of thair parroche kirk and to con- 
sidder and modify be the adwyse of maissonis wrychtis sklaitteris and discreit 
craftismen quhat speciale sowme of money was necessar and vald extend to per- 
forme and compleitt the said wark Being convenit within the counsel house of 
the tolbuytht of the said burght consultand diligentlie thairvpone with consent 
and adwise of the said craftismen modifiit and calculat the said sovme of taxa- 
tioune to alleyin hundreicht merkis to be stentit in maner forsaid and applyitt as 
said is.— XXVI. 387. 

i2th January, 1572-3. 

The said day it was dewysit statut and ordanit be the prowest baiUeb coon- 
sell of this guid towne and ratefeit and approvit be the haill communitie convenit 
in their held court for the maist pairt representand the haill bodey of the towne 
That the haill annuel! rentis of the chepplanreis fundit within thair paroche kirk 
of Abirdeine quhilkis ar at the donatioune and dispositioune of this guid toune 
as patronis to the same with all croft is howsis bigginis few mailes and wther deweteis 
belangand thairto sail remain perpetualie efter the decexse of the chepplanis 
present possessouris of the same as eueir thai sai